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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917198/an-analysis-of-cognitive-functioning-of-children-and-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-t1dm-in-the-context-of-glycemic-control
#1
M Stanisławska-Kubiak, E Mojs, R W Wójciak, B Piasecki, M Matecka, J Sokalski, P Kopczyński, P Fichna
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the cognitive functioning of children and youth with type 1 diabetes (T1DM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 68 children with type 1 diabetes, aged 6-17 years, divided into 3 groups according to the level of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c): group 1: HbA1c ≤ 6.0-7.5%; group 2: HbA1c 7.6-8.5%; group 3: HbA1c over 8.6%. Wechsler's intelligence scale (WISC-R), the Trail of 10 words and Brickenkamp's and Zillmer's d2 Test of Attention were used to assess cognitive functioning...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915535/the-therapeutic-efficacy-of-danhong-injection-combined-with-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Jun-Bo Zou, Xiao-Fei Zhang, Jing Wang, Fang Wang, Jiang-Xue Cheng, Fang-Yan Yang, Xiao Song, Yu Wang, Yu-Lin Liang, Ya-Jun Shi
Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is widely used in treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) clinically. It is believed that Danhong injection (DHI) extracted from salviae miltiorrhizae and flos carthami combined with PCI could increase the therapeutic efficacy on ACS. We provide an updated meta-analysis with detailed information on combination of DHI and PCI therapy. Materials and Methods: Electronic databases were searched for appropriate articles without language limitations on key words before October 22, 2017...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915325/a-distributed-algorithm-to-maintain-and-repair-the-trail-networks-of-arboreal-ants
#3
Arjun Chandrasekhar, Deborah M Gordon, Saket Navlakha
We study how the arboreal turtle ant (Cephalotes goniodontus) solves a fundamental computing problem: maintaining a trail network and finding alternative paths to route around broken links in the network. Turtle ants form a routing backbone of foraging trails linking several nests and temporary food sources. This species travels only in the trees, so their foraging trails are constrained to lie on a natural graph formed by overlapping branches and vines in the tangled canopy. Links between branches, however, can be ephemeral, easily destroyed by wind, rain, or animal movements...
June 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912927/l%C3%A3-vy-foraging-patterns-of-rural-humans
#4
Andy Reynolds, Eliane Ceccon, Cristina Baldauf, Tassia Karina Medeiros, Octavio Miramontes
Movement patterns resembling Lévy walks, often attributed to the execution of an advantageous probabilistic searching strategy, are found in a wide variety of organisms, from cells to human hunter-gatherers. It has been suggested that such movement patterns may be fundamental to how humans interact and experience the world and that they may have arisen early in our genus with the evolution of a hunting and gathering lifestyle. Here we show that Lévy walks are evident in the Me'Phaa of Mexico, in Brazilian Cariri farmers and in Amazonian farmers when gathering firewood, wild fruit and nuts...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911519/the-effects-of-the-interventions-on-the-dnr-designation-among-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review
#5
Li-Ting Chen, Fei-Hsiu Hsiao
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this systematic review were to examine the effects of the overall and the different types of the interventions on the do-not-resuscitate (DNR) designation and the time between DNR and death among cancer patients. METHOD: Data were searched from the databases of PubMed, CINAHL, EMbase, Medline, and Cochrane Library through 2 November 2017. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they were (1) randomized control trails, quasi-experimental study, and retrospective observational studies and (2) used outcome indicators of DNR designation rates...
June 18, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910532/determining-preferences-for-ecosystem-benefits-in-great-lakes-areas-of-concern-from-photographs-posted-to-social-media
#6
Ted R Angradi, Jonathon J Launspach, Rick Debbout
Relative valuation of potentially affected ecosystem benefits can increase the legitimacy and social acceptance of ecosystem restoration projects. As an alternative or supplement to traditional methods of deriving beneficiary preference, we downloaded from social media and classified ≈21,000 photographs taken in two Great Lakes Areas of Concern (AOC), the St. Louis River and the Milwaukee Estuary. Our motivating presumption was that the act of taking a photograph constitutes some measure of the photographer's individual preference for, or choice of, the depicted subject matter among myriad possible subject matter...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Great Lakes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910451/the-relationship-between-trail-running-withdrawals-and-race-topography
#7
Antonini Philippe Roberta, Rochat Nadège, Crettaz Von Roten Fabienne, Hauw Denis
Context: A growing amount of recent research in sport psychology has focused on trying to understand withdrawals from ultra-races. However, according to the Four E approach, the studies underestimated the embedded components of these experiences and particularly how they were linked to the specific environmental conditions in which the experiences occurred. Objective : This study aimed to characterize trail running withdrawals in relationship to race topography. Design : Qualitative design, involving self-confrontation interviews and use of a race map...
December 5, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910349/differences-among-three-measures-of-reaction-time-based-on-hand-laterality-in-individual-sports
#8
Dana Badau, Bilgehan Baydil, Adela Badau
(1) Aim: The study aimed at assessing simple-reaction, recognition and cognitive-reaction times to visual stimuli among student athletes: boxing, gymnastics, taekwondo, judo, karate and wrestling, using computer games tests. (2) Methods: Our study involved 332 students and athletes. We applied three types of computer tests to measure the dominant and non-dominant hands: the simple motor reaction time through the Human Benchmark test, the recognition time by the Hit-the-dots and the cognitive reaction time by the Trail making test part B...
May 19, 2018: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908477/recreational-use-in-dispersed-public-lands-measured-using-social-media-data-and-on-site-counts
#9
David M Fisher, Spencer A Wood, Eric M White, Dale J Blahna, Sarah Lange, Alex Weinberg, Michael Tomco, Emilia Lia
Outdoor recreation is one of many important benefits provided by public lands. Data on recreational use are critical for informing management of recreation resources, however, managers often lack actionable information on visitor use for large protected areas that lack controlled access points. The purpose of this study is to explore the potential for social media data (e.g., geotagged images shared on Flickr and trip reports shared on a hiking forum) to provide land managers with useful measures of recreational use to dispersed areas, and to provide lessons learned from comparing several more traditional counting methods...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907080/decadal-stability-in-genetic-variation-and-structure-in-the-intertidal-seaweed-fucus-serratus-heterokontophyta-fucaceae
#10
Alexander Jueterbock, James A Coyer, Jeanine L Olsen, Galice Hoarau
BACKGROUND: The spatial distribution of genetic diversity and structure has important implications for conservation as it reveals a species' strong and weak points with regard to stability and evolutionary capacity. Temporal genetic stability is rarely tested in marine species other than commercially important fishes, but is crucial for the utility of temporal snapshots in conservation management. High and stable diversity can help to mitigate the predicted northward range shift of seaweeds under the impact of climate change...
June 15, 2018: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906165/kelvin-mach-wake-in-a-two-dimensional-fermi-sea
#11
Eugene B Kolomeisky, Joseph P Straley
The dispersion law for plasma oscillations in a two-dimensional electron gas in the hydrodynamic approximation interpolates between Ω∝sqrt[q] and Ω∝q dependences as the wave vector q increases. As a result, downstream of a charged impurity in the presence of a uniform supersonic electric current flow, a wake pattern of induced charge density and potential is formed whose geometry is controlled by the Mach number M. For 1<M≤sqrt[2], the wake consists of transverse wave fronts confined within a sector, whose angle is given by the classic Mach condition...
June 1, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905699/mode-locking-in-a-tapered-two-section-quantum-dot-laser-design-and-experiment
#12
P Bardella, L Drzewietzki, M Krakowski, I Krestnikov, S Breuer
In this Letter, the pulse generation and pulse train stability of a tapered two-section InAs/InGaAs quantum dot laser emitting at 1250 nm are numerically predicted and experimentally verified. Simulations based on a multi-section delayed differential equation model are used to properly design a laser source able to generate stable mode-locked pulses at a 15 GHz repetition rate with picosecond width and output power larger than 1 W, and to identify the device stability regions depending on the bias conditions...
June 15, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905646/the-acute-physical-and-cognitive-effects-of-a-classical-workplace-physical-activity-program-versus-a-motor-cognitive-coordination-workplace-program-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#13
Daniel Niederer, Tobias Engeroff, Franziska Wallner, Ulrike Plaumann, Winfried Banzer
OBJECTIVE: To compare the exercise loads and cognitive effects of a classical workplace program from that for a motor-cognitive coordination workplace intervention. METHODS: Twenty-eight (28) employed adults (women 19, men 9) participated in a motor-cognitive coordination and a classical workplace health promotion exercise intervention. Effects on attention and cognition (trail making test [TMT]) as well as exercise load (heart rate and rates of perceived exhaustion [RPE]) were assessed...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904617/comparing-the-harmonic-scalpel-with-electrocautery-in-reducing-postoperative-flap-necrosis-and-seroma-formation-after-modified-radical-mastectomy-in-carcinoma-breast-patients-a-double-blind-prospective-randomized-control-trail
#14
Arumugom Archana, Sathasivam Sureshkumar, Chellappa Vijayakumar, Chinnakali Palanivel
Introduction Only a few studies compare the efficacy of the harmonic scalpel and electrocautery in performing mastectomies, and these have mainly compared their intraoperative parameters. But the main concern with electrocautery is the incidence of flap necrosis and seroma formation. Therefore, this study was done to determine if the harmonic scalpel has any advantages over electrocautery in reducing postoperative flap necrosis and seroma formation in patients undergoing a modified radical mastectomy (MRM)...
April 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904021/overcoming-resistance-of-human-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-to-cd19-car-ctl-therapy-by-celecoxib-and-histone-deacetylase-inhibitors
#15
Antoni Xavier Torres-Collado, Ali R Jazirehi
Patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin&rsquo;s lymphoma (B-NHL) who fail to respond to first-line treatment regimens or develop resistance, exhibit poor prognosis. This signifies the need to develop alternative treatment strategies. CD19-chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell-redirected immunotherapy is an attractive and novel option, which has shown encouraging outcomes in phase I clinical trials of relapsed/refractory NHL. However, the underlying mechanisms of, and approaches to overcome, acquired anti-CD19CAR CD8⁺ T cells (CTL)-resistance in NHL remain elusive...
June 14, 2018: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902907/-external-therapies-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-combined-with-sodium-hyaluronate-injected-in-articular-cavity-therapy-on-knee-osteoarthritis-meta-analysis
#16
Yang-Kai Xu, Fu-Gui Zhu, Er-You Feng, Chao-Ling Fan, Guang-Shu Yu, Yan-Zhen Wei, Li-Hua Xie
To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of external therapies of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) combined with sodium hyaluronate(SH) injected in articular cavity therapy on knee osteoarthritis(KOA). The following databases such as CNKI, WanFang, VIP, CBM, PubMed and Medline were researched to collect the randomized controlled trails on external therapies of TCM combined with sodium hyaluronate injected in articular cavity therapy on KOA. The selection of studies, assessment of methodological quality and data extraction were performed independently by two researchers...
May 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901096/telomerase-reverse-transcriptase-interference-synergistically-promotes-tumor-necrosis-factor%C3%A2-related-apoptosis%C3%A2-inducing-ligand%C3%A2-induced-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-apoptosis-and-suppresses-proliferation-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#17
Xin Zhao, Cuicui Zhang, Zhiliang Le, Suyun Zeng, Chaobin Pan, Jianjie Shi, Jianguang Wang, Xiaopeng Zhao
Tumor necrosis factor‑related apoptosis‑inducing ligand (TRAIL) is known to induce cell apoptosis in many types of cancer cells. However, some malignant cells still exhibit anti‑apoptosis features induced by TRAIL; thus the underlying mechanisms that regulate sensitivity and resistance of tumor cells to TRAIL‑induced apoptosis remain unclear. Human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) is overexpressed in most types of human tumors and is mostly inactive in somatic cells. The present study aimed to investigate the endogenous effects and mechanisms of hTERT inhibition and TRAIL overexpression on TRAIL‑induced apoptosis of human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898677/determinants-of-adherence-and-effects-on-health-related-quality-of-life-after-myocardial-infarction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Gundula Krack, Rolf Holle, Inge Kirchberger, Bernhard Kuch, Ute Amann, Hildegard Seidl
BACKGROUND: Adherence to recommendations and medication is deemed to be important for effectiveness of case management interventions. Thus, reasons for non-adherence and effects on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) should be fully understood. The objective of this research was to identify determinants of non-adherence to medication and recommendations, and to test whether increased adherence improved HRQoL in patients after myocardial infarction (MI) in a case management intervention...
June 7, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898634/meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-exercise-training-on-markers-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#19
Caixia Li, Jianming Xu, Wei Qin, Yan Hu, Huijuan Lu
BACKGROUND: The markers of metabolic syndrome can prompt the development of metabolic syndrome and are associated with worse graft function among transplant recipients. Studies have shown that exercise might be effective in reducing incidence rate of metabolic syndrome components in nontransplant patients. However, there is no sufficient evidence to determine whether exercise training is safe or effective for markers of metabolic syndrome among solid organ transplant recipients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of exercise training programs for risk markers of metabolic syndrome and to further evaluate its long-term effects in solid organ transplant recipients...
January 1, 2018: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898605/the-challenge-of-diagnostic-metagenomics
#20
Alexander L Greninger
Diagnostic metagenomics and its associated trail of publications are spreading across the world. Multiple clinical labs in the United States, Europe, and Asia have gone to considerable lengths to optimize and validate a range of protocols for agnostically detecting viral, bacterial, fungal, and eukaryotic parasite nucleic acid across a range of patient specimens to aid in diagnosis for particularly recalcitrant cases. Others see a role for diagnostic metagenomics as a front-line diagnostic to replace other microbiological testing...
June 14, 2018: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
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