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AMPK Aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321310/marmoset-as-a-model-to-study-kidney-changes-associated-with-aging
#1
Hak Joo Lee, Olga Gonzalez, Edward J Dick, Andrew Donati, Denis Feliers, Choudhury Goutam Ghosh, Corinna Ross, Manjeri Venkatachalam, Suzette D Tardif, Balakuntalam S Kasinath
We evaluated whether the marmoset, a nonhuman primate, can serve as a good model to study aging related changes in the kidney by employing healthy young and aged marmosets of both sexes. Aging was associated with glomerulosclerosis, interstitial fibrosis and arteriolosclerosis in both sexes; correspondingly, the content of matrix proteins was increased. Functionally, aging resulted in an increase in urinary albumin and protein excretion. There was a robust correlation between markers of fibrosis and functional changes...
October 13, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308063/activation-of-adiponectin-receptors-has-negative-impact-on-muscle-mass-in-c2c12-myotubes-and-fast-type-mouse-skeletal-muscle
#2
Rika Ito, Masaki Higa, Ayumi Goto, Megumi Aoshima, Akihiro Ikuta, Kazuya Ohashi, Shingo Yokoyama, Yoshitaka Ohno, Tatsuro Egawa, Hirofumi Miyata, Katsumasa Goto
This study investigated the effects of AdipoRon, which is an agonist for adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1) and AdipoR2, on the protein content, myotube diameter, and number of nuclei per myotube of C2C12 cells and skeletal muscle mass in C57BL/6J mice. AdipoRon suppressed the protein content, myotube diameter, and number of nuclei per myotube of C2C12 cells of C2C12 myotubes in a dose-dependent manner. Adiponectin-associated decline of protein content, diameter, and number of nuclei per myotube in C2C12 myotubes was partially rescued by knockdown of AdipoR1 and/or AdipoR2...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305866/weanling-offspring-of-dams-maintained-on-serine-deficient-diet-are-vulnerable-to-oxidative-stress
#3
Liuqin He, Haiwen Zhang, Xihong Zhou
Serine plays an important role in the antioxidant defense system. However, the effects of maternal serine deficiency on the antioxidant ability of weanling offspring have not been reported. In the present study, we investigated the oxidative status of offspring of dams that are maintained on serine-deficient diet and subjected to diquat challenge. Individual pregnant animals were randomly divided into two dietary groups, namely, the control diet group and the serine- and glycine-deficient diet group. Samples were collected from weanling offspring at the age of 3 weeks after diquat challenge...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304029/body-temperature-elevation-during-exercise-is-essential-for-activating-the-akt-signaling-pathway-in-the-skeletal-muscle-of-type-2-diabetic-rats
#4
Takamasa Tsuzuki, Toshinori Yoshihara, Noriko Ichinoseki-Sekine, Ryo Kakigi, Yuri Takamine, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Hisashi Naito
This study examined the effect of changes in body temperature during exercise on signal transduction-related glucose uptake in the skeletal muscle of type 2 diabetic rats. Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats (25 weeks of age), which have type 2 diabetes, were divided into the following four weight-matched groups; control (CON, n = 6), exercised under warm temperature (WEx, n = 8), exercised under cold temperature (CEx, n = 8), and heat treatment (HT, n = 6). WEx and CEx animals were subjected to running on a treadmill at 20 m/min for 30 min under warm (25°C) or cold (4°C) temperature...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296514/role-of-ampk-pathway-in-lead-induced-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-kidney-and-in-paeonol-induced-protection-in-mice
#5
Chan-Min Liu, Hui-Xin Yang, Jie-Qiong Ma, Wei Yang, Zhao-Jun Feng, Jian-Mei Sun, Chao Cheng, Jun Li, Hong Jiang
Paeonol is a natural flavonoid isolated from Moutan Cortex, which has been found to exhibit antioxidant, anti-apoptotic, anti-aging and anti-inflammatory bioactivities. Herein, we investigated the nephroprotective efficacy of paeonol against Pb-induced toxicity and elucidated the potential mechanisms. The results revealed that paeonol significantly ameliorated renal dysfunction and histology changes of Pb-treated mice. Paeonol inhibited oxidative stress and increased activities of antioxidant enzyme in the kidneys of Pb-treated mice...
October 6, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30275871/alpha-lipoic-acid-preserves-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-type-2-diabetic-oletf-rats
#6
Oak-Kee Hong, Jang-Won Son, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Seong-Su Lee, Sung-Rae Kim, Soon Jib Yoo
Background: Increased oxidative stress and impaired antioxidant defense are important mechanisms in the pathogenesis of diabetic myopathy. Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) has been indicated as a weight-loss treatment in rodents and humans, but studies are limited. In the present study, we aimed to determine the influence of ALA, a potent biological antioxidant, on metabolic and growth processes in diabetic rat skeletal muscle. Methods: Male 25-week-old type 2 diabetic rats (OLETF) were randomly divided into two groups, a control group (OLETF-C) and an ALA-treated group (OLETF-ALA) supplemented with 100 mg/kg ALA for 8 weeks...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30255224/metformin-as-a-geroprotector-experimental-and-clinical-evidence
#7
REVIEW
Veronika Piskovatska, Nadiya Stefanyshyn, Kenneth B Storey, Alexander M Vaiserman, Oleh Lushchak
Apart from being a safe, effective and globally affordable glucose-lowering agent for the treatment of diabetes, metformin has earned much credit in recent years as a potential anti-aging formula. It has been shown to significantly increase lifespan and delay the onset of age-associated decline in several experimental models. The current review summarizes advances in clinical research on the potential role of metformin in the field of geroprotection, highlighting findings from pre-clinical studies on known and putative mechanisms behind its beneficial properties...
September 25, 2018: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30253744/genetic-variations-in-prkaa1-predict-the-risk-and-progression-of-gastric-cancer
#8
Minbin Chen, Baohu Jiang, Bangshun He, Min Tang, Ping Wang, Li Chen, Jianwei Lu, Peihua Lu
BACKGROUND: PRKAA1 encodes α-subunit of 5-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which has been implicated in the pathogenesis of carcinoma of the stomach. Previous works have suggested that polymorphisms in the PRKAA1 may be associated with the risk of non-cardiac gastric cancer (NCGC), but whether PRKAA1 polymorphisms are related to clinical pathologic characteristics of gastric cancer and its clinical outcome is largely unknown. METHODS: We carried out a case-control study including a total of 481 gastric cancer patients and 490 healthy controls...
September 25, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30248910/metabolic-effects-of-metformin-in-the-failing-heart
#9
REVIEW
Aleksandra Dziubak, Grażyna Wójcicka, Andrzej Wojtak, Jerzy Bełtowski
Accumulating evidence shows that metformin is an insulin-sensitizing antidiabetic drug widely used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), which can exert favorable effects on cardiovascular risk and may be safely used in patients with heart failure (HF), and even able to reduce the incidence of HF and to reduce HF mortality. In failing hearts, metformin improves myocardial energy metabolic status through the activation of AMP (adenosine monophosphate)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and the regulation of lipid and glucose metabolism...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30248445/maternal-perinatal-calorie-restriction-temporally-regulates-the-hepatic-autophagy-and-redox-status-in-male-rat
#10
Asokan Devarajan, Namakkal S Rajasekaran, Claire Valburg, Ekambaram Ganapathy, Snehal Bindra, William A Freije
Intrauterine growth restriction leads to adult obesity, cardiovascular disease, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease/steatohepatitis. Animal models have shown that combined intrauterine and early postnatal calorie restriction (IPCR) ameliorates these sequelae in adult life. The mechanism by which IPCR protects against adult onset disease is not understood. Autophagy, a lysosomal degradative process, recycles cellular constituents and eliminates damaged organelles, proteins, and oxidants. In this study, we hypothesized that IPCR could regulate autophagy in the liver of male rat offspring...
September 21, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30232763/pharmaceutical-intervention-of-aging
#11
Minxian Qian, Baohua Liu
The aging population represents a significant worldwide socioeconomic challenge. Aging is an inevitable and multifactorial biological process and primary risk factor for most age-related diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, cancers, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and neurodegenerative diseases. Pharmacological interventions targeting aging appear to be a more effective approach in preventing age-related disorders compared with the treatments targeted to specific disease. In this chapter, we focus on the latest findings on molecular compounds that mimic caloric restriction (CR), supplement nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+ ) levels, and eliminate senescent cells, including metformin, resveratrol, spermidine, rapamycin, NAD+ boosters, as well as senolytics...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230025/long-term-insulin-treatment-leads-to-a-change-in-myosin-heavy-chain-fiber-distribution-in-oletf-rat-skeletal-muscle
#12
Oak-Kee Hong, Yoon-Hee Choi, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Hee-Kyoung Jeong, Jang-Won Son, Seong-Su Lee, Sung-Rae Kim, Kun-Ho Yoon, Soon Jib Yoo
The objective of this study was to investigate molecular and physiological changes in response to long-term insulin glargine treatment in the skeletal muscle of OLETF rats. Male Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) and Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats aged 24 weeks were randomly allocated to either treatment with insulin for 24 weeks or no treatment, resulting in three groups. Insulin glargine treatment in OLETF rats (OLETF-G) for 24 weeks resulted in changes in blood glucose levels in intraperitoneal glucose tolerance tests compared with age-matched, untreated OLETF rats (OLETF-C), and the area under the curve was significantly decreased for OLETF-G rats compared with OLETF-C rats (P < 0...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30227388/phosphodiesterase-4-inhibitor-activates-ampk-sirt6-pathway-to-prevent-aging-related-adipose-deposition-induced-by-metabolic-disorder
#13
Zhuoran Wang, Yaru Liang, Lu Zhang, Nannan Zhang, Qingfei Liu, Zhao Wang
Rolipram is a selective phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor that exerts a variety of effects, including anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive, and anti-tumor effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of rolipram on metabolic disorder and its underlying mechanisms. Metabolic disorder was induced in 8-week-old wild type BABL/c mice by administration of D-galactose for 4 weeks. Simultaneously the mice were administered vehicle or rolipram. Alternatively, beginning at 3 or 21 months, the mice were administered db-cAMP for 3 months, with or without a high-fat-diet (HFD) to induce metabolic disorder...
September 18, 2018: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223793/role-of-ampk-signalling-pathway-during-compensatory-growth-in-pigs
#14
Maria Ballester, Marcel Amills, Olga González-Rodríguez, Tainã F Cardoso, Mariam Pascual, Rayner González-Prendes, Núria Panella-Riera, Isabel Díaz, Joan Tibau, Raquel Quintanilla
BACKGROUND: The molecular basis of compensatory growth in monogastric animals has not yet been fully explored. Herewith, in this study we aim to determine changes in the pig skeletal muscle transcriptome profile during compensatory growth following a feed restriction period. A RNA-Seq experiment was performed with a total of 24 females belonging to a Duroc commercial line. Half of the animals received either a restricted (RE) or ad libitum (AL) diet during the first fattening period (60-125 d of age)...
September 17, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216853/sirtuin-3-dependent-mitochondrial-redox-homeostasis-protects-against-ages-induced-intervertebral-disc-degeneration
#15
Yu Song, Shuai Li, Wen Geng, Rongjin Luo, Wei Liu, Ji Tu, Kun Wang, Liang Kang, Huipeng Yin, Xinghuo Wu, Yong Gao, Yukun Zhang, Cao Yang
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration contributes largely to pathoanatomical and degenerative changes of spinal structure that increase the risk of low back pain. Apoptosis in nucleus pulposus (NP) can aggravate IVD degeneration, and increasing studies have shown that interventions targeting NP cell apoptosis can ameliorate IVD degeneration, exhibiting their potential for use as therapeutic strategies. Recent data have shown that advanced glycation end products (AGEs) accumulate in NP tissues in parallel with the progression of IVD degeneration and form a microenvironment of oxidative stress...
October 2018: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192051/a-salicylic-acid-derivative-extends-the-lifespan-of-caenorhabditis-elegans-by-activating-autophagy-and-the-mitochondrial-unfolded-protein-response
#16
Mehrnaz Shamalnasab, Simon-Pierre Gravel, Julie St-Pierre, Lionel Breton, Sibylle Jäger, Hugo Aguilaniu
Plant extracts containing salicylates are probably the most ancient remedies to reduce fever and ease aches of all kind. Recently, it has been shown that salicylates activate adenosine monophosphate-activated kinase (AMPK), which is now considered as a promising target to slow down aging and prevent age-related diseases in humans. Beneficial effects of AMPK activation on lifespan have been discovered in the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans). Indeed, salicylic acid and acetylsalicylic acid extend lifespan in worms by activating AMPK and the forkhead transcription factor DAF-16/FOXO...
September 7, 2018: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30177551/the-effects-of-aicar-and-rapamycin-on-mitochondrial-function-in-immortalized-mitochondrial-dna-mutator-murine-embryonic-fibroblasts
#17
Vedad Delic, Kenyaria Noble, Sandra Zivkovic, Tam-Anh Phan, Christian Reynes, Yumeng Zhang, Oluwakemi Phillips, Charles Claybaker, Yen Ta, Vinh B Dinh, Josean Cruz, Tomas A Prolla, Patrick C Bradshaw
Mitochondrial DNA mutations accumulate with age and may play a role in stem cell aging as suggested by the premature aging phenotype of mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma (POLG) exonuclease-deficient mice. Therefore, E1A immortalized murine embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) from POLG exonuclease-deficient and WT mice were constructed. Surprisingly, when some E1A immortalized MEF lines were cultured in pyruvate containing media they slowly became addicted to the pyruvate. The POLG exonuclease-deficient MEFs were more sensitive to several mitochondrial inhibitors and showed increased reactive oxygen species production under standard conditions...
September 3, 2018: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165877/paternal-malnutrition-programs-breast-cancer-risk-and-tumor-metabolism-in-offspring
#18
Raquel Santana da Cruz, Elissa J Carney, Johan Clarke, Hong Cao, M Idalia Cruz, Carlos Benitez, Lu Jin, Yi Fu, Zuolin Cheng, Yue Wang, Sonia de Assis
BACKGROUND: While many studies have shown that maternal factors in pregnancy affect the cancer risk for offspring, few studies have investigated the impact of paternal exposures on their progeny's risk of this disease. Population studies generally show a U-shaped association between birthweight and breast cancer risk, with both high and low birthweight increasing the risk compared with average birthweight. Here, we investigated whether paternal malnutrition would modulate the birthweight and later breast cancer risk of daughters...
August 30, 2018: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165362/the-effects-of-endurance-exercise-and-diet-on-atherosclerosis-in-young-and-aged-apoe-and-wild-type-mice
#19
Bojana Jakic, Mattias Carlsson, Maja Buszko, Giuseppe Cappellano, Christian Ploner, Elisabeth Onestingel, Maria Foti, Hubert Hackl, Egon Demetz, Hermann Dietrich, Cecilia Wick, Georg Wick
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of death worldwide. The disease development is by and large driven by old age and lifestyle factors, such as diet, physical activity, and smoking. In the present study, we have investigated the effect of exercise and diet on the development of atherosclerosis in young and aged mice. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at comparing multiple age-dependent factors that may influence atherosclerosis in a transgenic mouse model...
August 30, 2018: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153596/age-dependent-survival-stress-defense-and-ampk-in-daphnia-pulex-after-short-term-exposure-to-a-polystyrene-nanoplastic
#20
Zhiquan Liu, Mingqi Cai, Ping Yu, Minghai Chen, Donglei Wu, Meng Zhang, Yunlong Zhao
The widespread occurrence and accumulation of micro- and nanoplastics in aquatic environments has become a growing global concern. Generally, natural aquatic populations are characterized by a variety of multi-structured age groups, for which physiological and biochemical responses typically differ. The freshwater cladoceran, Daphnia pulex, is a model species used extensively in environmental monitoring studies and ecotoxicology testing. Here, the effects of a polystyrene nanoplastic on the physiological changes (i...
August 23, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
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