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Treating Anxiety in 2017

M Maternik
BACKGROUND: Monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) is a common paediatric condition, caused by the interaction of multiple physiological mechanisms. The condition can lead to psychiatric comorbidities that are detrimental to quality of life but is under-recognised and misunderstood by society and healthcare providers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to gather information from non-specialist physicians on their understanding of enuresis in selected European countries and from patients about the prevalence of MNE, its relationship with comorbidities and the burden of the condition...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Regina Juanbeltz, Iván Martínez-Baz, Ramón San Miguel, Silvia Goñi-Esarte, Juan Manuel Cabasés, Jesús Castilla
BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antivirals (DAA) have demonstrated high efficacy to achieve sustained virological response (SVR) in chronic hepatitis C patients. We aim to assess the change in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients successfully treated, and to identify predictors of this variation. METHODS: In a prospective observational study, patients with chronic hepatitis C who started DAA therapy between May 2016 and April 2017 completed the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire at baseline and 12 weeks after the end of therapy before knowing the virological result...
2018: PloS One
Michael R Rose, Sam Norton, Chiara Vari, Victoria Edwards, Lance McCracken, Christopher D Graham, Aleksandar Radunovic, Trudie Chalder
INTRODUCTION: In adults, muscle disease (MD) is often a chronic long-term condition with no definitive cure. It causes wasting and weakness of the muscles resulting in a progressive decline in mobility, alongside other symptoms, and is typically associated with reduced quality of life (QoL). Previous research suggests that a psychological intervention, and in particular Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), may help improve QoL in MD. ACT is a newer type of cognitive behavioural treatment that aims to improve QoL by virtue of improvement in a process called psychological flexibility...
October 3, 2018: BMJ Open
Motoyasu Miyazaki, Akio Nakashima, Yoshihiko Nakamura, Yuya Sakamoto, Koichi Matsuo, Miwa Goto, Masanobu Uchiyama, Keisuke Okamura, Ryoko Mitsutake, Hidenori Urata, Hidetoshi Kamimura, Osamu Imakyure
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between medication adherence and illness perceptions, and to explore the factors associated with poor medication adherence in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients receiving direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in a real-world clinical setting. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional pilot study was conducted at a single Japanese university hospital. One hundred and twenty-nine patients who were diagnosed with AF and who were taking DOACs were recruited from outpatients between January 4th and April 25th, 2017...
2018: PloS One
Majid Gasim, Charles N Bernstein, Lesley A Graff, Scott B Patten, Renee El-Gabalawy, Jitender Sareen, James M Bolton, James J Marriott, John D Fisk, R A Marrie
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric comorbidity is prevalent in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). Few studies have assessed whether second-generation disease-modifying therapies (DMT) are associated with adverse psychiatric effects. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to systematically review the literature regarding the APEs associated with natalizumab, fingolimod, dimethyl fumarate, teriflunomide and alemtuzumab in MS. As a secondary objective, we evaluated changes in anxiety or depression scores following treatment with the aforementioned DMTs...
September 12, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
G Fond, O Godin, F Schürhoff, F Berna, E Bulzacka, M Andrianarisoa, L Brunel, B Aouizerate, D Capdevielle, I Chereau, N Coulon, T D'Amato, C Dubertret, J Dubreucq, C Faget, C Lançon, S Leignier, J Mallet, D Misdrahi, C Passerieux, R Rey, A Schandrin, M Urbach, P Vidailhet, M Leboyer, L Boyer, P M Llorca
OBJECTIVE: Hypovitaminosis D has been associated with respectively major depressive disorder, schizophrenia (SZ) and cognitive disorders in the general population, and with positive and negative symptoms and metabolic syndrome in schizophrenia. The objectives were (i) to determine the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and associated factors (with a focus on depression and cognition) in a national non-selected multicentric sample of community-dwelling SZ subjects (ii) to determine the rate of SZ patients being administered vitamin D supplementation and associated factors...
September 13, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Ali Khaleghi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Atefeh Zandifar, Nastaran Ahmadi, Seyyed Salman Alavi, Ameneh Ahmadi, Javad Mahmoudi-Gharaei, Zahra Hooshyari, Ali Mostafavi, Mahbod Fadaei Fooladi, Neda Vahed, Marziyeh Razeghi, Alireza Zahmatkesh, Mehrdad Barzegari, Sepideh Akbarpoor, Alia Shakiba, Malihe Mobini, Rahim Badrfam
OBJECTIVE: This survey was conducted to investigate the prevalence of various psychiatric disorders among children and adolescents aged 6-18 years in urban areas of Tehran. METHODS: In the study, which was done with random sampling method, 2095 children and adolescents in the range seniors aged 6-18 years, have been studied and based on Persian version of K-SADS-PL, we reviewed the psychiatric disorders related to them. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents was 28...
September 13, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Sarah S Stith, Jacob M Vigil, Franco Brockelman, Keenan Keeling, Branden Hall
Background: The Releaf AppTM mobile software application (app) data was used to measure self-reported effectiveness and side effects of medical cannabis used under naturalistic conditions. Methods: Between 5/03/2016 and 12/16/2017, 2,830 Releaf AppTM users completed 13,638 individual sessions self-administering medical cannabis and indicated their primary health symptom severity rating on an 11-point (0-10) visual analog scale in real-time prior to and following cannabis consumption, along with experienced side effects...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Joseph M Braun, Richard Hornung, Aimin Chen, Kim N Dietrich, David E Jacobs, Robert Jones, Jane C Khoury, Stacey Liddy-Hicks, Samantha Morgan, Suzette Baez Vanderbeek, Yingying Xu, Kimberly Yolton, Bruce P Lanphear
Importance: Childhood lead exposure is associated with neurobehavioral deficits. The effect of a residential lead hazard intervention on blood lead concentrations and neurobehavioral development remains unknown. Objective: To determine whether a comprehensive residential lead-exposure reduction intervention completed during pregnancy could decrease residential dust lead loadings, prevent elevated blood lead concentrations, and improve childhood neurobehavioral outcomes...
October 1, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
Maria Tolia, Nikolaos Tsoukalas, Michail Nikolaou, Eftychia Mosa, Ioannis Nazos, Antigoni Poultsidi, Jiannis Hajiioannou, Konstantinos Tsanadis, Despoina Spyropoulou, Nikolaos Charalampakis, Dimitrios Kardamakis, Vasileios Kouloulias, Kyriaki Pistevou-Gombaki, George Kyrgias
Purpose: Several trials on noncancer population indicate that yoga is associated with meaningful clinical effects. This study evaluated the physical and psychosocial outcomes of yoga in oncologic patients treated with radiotherapy. Methods: We focused on a research through Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), BioMed Central, and MEDLINE studies up to May 2017. Results: Yoga was found to have a substantial benefit in cancer patients' distress, anxiety, and depression...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
Hiran Thabrew, Karolina Stasiak, Sarah E Hetrick, Stephen Wong, Jessica H Huss, Sally N Merry
BACKGROUND: Long-term physical conditions affect 10% to 12% of children and adolescents worldwide; these individuals are at greater risk of developing psychological problems, particularly anxiety and depression. Access to face-to-face treatment for such problems is often limited, and available interventions usually have not been tested with this population. As technology improves, e-health interventions (delivered via digital means, such as computers and smart phones and ranging from simple text-based programmes through to multimedia and interactive programmes, serious games, virtual reality and biofeedback programmes) offer a potential solution to address the psychological needs of this group of young people...
August 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Xavier Castells, Lídia Blanco-Silvente, Ruth Cunill
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a childhood-onset disorder characterised by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. ADHD can persist into adulthood and can affects individuals' social and occupational functioning, as well as their quality of life and health. ADHD is frequently associated with other mental disorders such as substance use disorders and anxiety and affective disorders. Amphetamines are used to treat adults with ADHD, but uncertainties about their efficacy and safety remain...
August 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Li Qu, Hua Jiang
Background: To investigate the clinical efficacy of trimetazidine and holistic management in the treatment of coronary heart disease. Methods: A total of 128 cases of patients with coronary heart disease were admitted in The Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University from October 2014 to June 2017. These patients were divided into control group and experimental group, with 64 patients each. The patients in the control group underwent conventional treatment...
June 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Beatrice Andreoli, Elisabetta Zanolin, Paolo Bellavite
OBJECTIVE:  The main purpose of this article is to report the systematic data collection pertaining to the consultations of a group of qualified homeopathic physicians. Studies have been performed concerning: (1) the most frequently treated pathologies; (2) the symptoms reported by patients, with a particular focus on "fear" symptoms; and (3) the evaluation of the outcomes of the treatment, including likelihood ratio (LR) for fear symptoms of mostly prescribed remedies. DESIGN:  Prospective observational study...
August 7, 2018: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
Laura K Murray, Emily E Haroz, S Benjamin Doty, Namrita S Singh, Sergey Bogdanov, Judith Bass, Shannon Dorsey, Paul Bolton
BACKGROUND: Mental illness is a major public health concern. Despite progress understanding which treatments work, a significant treatment gap remains. An ongoing concern is treatment length. Modular, flexible, transdiagnostic approaches have been offered as one solution to scalability challenges. The Common Elements Treatment Approach (CETA) is one such approach and offers the ability to treat a wide range of common mental health problems. CETA is supported by two randomized trials from low- and middle-income countries showing strong effectiveness and implementation outcomes...
August 3, 2018: Trials
Lea-Marie Mohwinkel, Anna Christina Nowak, Anne Kasper, Oliver Razum
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to summarise the current evidence regarding gender differences in the mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) and to identify gaps in research. SETTING: We focused on quantitative studies presenting primary data from Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development(OECD)countries. Language was restricted to English or German. PARTICIPANTS: To be eligible, a study had to involve (former) URM who immigrated to an OECD country...
July 30, 2018: BMJ Open
Yohei Tanaka, Toru Aso, Jumpei Ono, Ryu Hosoi, Takuto Kaneko
Background: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is a common form of hair loss in Asian men. Although AGA is often regarded as a relatively minor dermatological condition, hair loss can impact self-image and is a main cause for anxiety and depression in some men. We have treated patients with AGA for seven years. Objective: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of our combination therapy in Asian men with AGA. Participants: Between the years 2011 and 2017, 18,918 male patients were treated in our center...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Salehoddin Bouya, Sudabeh Ahmadidarehsima, Mahin Badakhsh, Abbas Balouchi, Maryam Koochakzai
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Aromatherapy, a CAM therapy, is a natural way of treating the mind, body and soul of individuals. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature to determine the effect of aromatherapy on hemodialysis complications. METHODS: In this systematic review, international (PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, CINHAL, EMBASE and Scopus) and national databases (SID and Magiran) were searched from inception of the databases to 30 December 2017...
August 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Jenny T van der Steen, Hanneke Ja Smaling, Johannes C van der Wouden, Manon S Bruinsma, Rob Jpm Scholten, Annemiek C Vink
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a clinical syndrome with a number of different causes which is characterised by deterioration in cognitive, behavioural, social and emotional functions. Pharmacological interventions are available but have limited effect to treat many of the syndrome's features. Less research has been directed towards non-pharmacological treatments. In this review, we examined the evidence for effects of music-based interventions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of music-based therapeutic interventions for people with dementia on emotional well-being including quality of life, mood disturbance or negative affect, behavioural problems, social behaviour and cognition at the end of therapy and four or more weeks after the end of treatment...
July 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Juan V A Franco, Tarek Turk, Jae Hung Jung, Yu-Tian Xiao, Stanislav Iakhno, Virginia Garrote, Valeria Vietto
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of non-pharmacological therapies for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search using multiple databases, trial registries, grey literature and conference proceedings with no restrictions on the language of publication or publication status. The date of the latest search of all databases was August 2017. We included randomised controlled trials. Inclusion criteria were men with a diagnosis of CP/CPPS...
July 18, 2018: BJU International
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