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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927181/relationship-of-depression-screening-in-cardiometabolic-disease-with-vascular-events-and-mortality-findings-from-a-large-primary-care-cohort-with-4-years-follow-up
#1
Bhautesh Dinesh Jani, Charles Boachie, Colin McCowan, Sarah J E Barry, Jonathan Cavanagh, Frances S Mair
Aims: Benefits of routine depression screening for cardiometabolic disease patients remain unclear. We examined the association between depression screening and all-cause mortality and vascular events in cardiometabolic disease patients. Methods and results: 125 143 patients with cardiometabolic diseases (coronary heart disease, diabetes or previous stroke) in the UK participated in primary care chronic disease management in 2008/09, which included depression screening using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Score...
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927050/expression-of-tspan-1-gene-in-patients-with-advanced-gastric-cancer
#2
Yaowu Cai, Maosong Zheng, Zhiqiang Zhao, Hanxing Huang, Wenda Fu, Xuefeng Xu
The present study investigated the correlations of the Tspan-1 gene expression with the clinical characteristics and survival prognoses of patients with advanced gastric cancer. A total of 150 patients with advanced gastric cancer were enrolled in the present study, of whom 84 were at stage II and 66 were at stage III according to the tumor node metastasis (TNM) staging; the immunohistochemical staining method and the semi-quantitative PCR method were used to detect the positive expression rates and mRNA relative expression levels of Tspan-1, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), E-cadherin and N-cadherin...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926846/different-clinical-courses-on-long-term-follow-up-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-patients-treated-with-intravitreal-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-injections
#3
Oded Sagiv, Ofira Zloto, Iris Moroz, Joseph Moisseiev
PURPOSE: To assess the long-term outcome of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) treated with multiple intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections. METHODS: All patients treated with over 30 intravitreal anti-VEGF injections for neovascular AMD between 2007 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 67 eyes received 2,960 (mean 45 ± 9.1 per eye) anti-VEGF injections. Eyes with good final visual acuity (VA) had better initial VA (p = 0...
September 20, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926407/dysfunctional-hdl-from-hiv-individuals-promotes-monocyte-derived-foam-cell-formation-in-vitro
#4
Thomas A Angelovich, Anna C Hearps, Michael N Oda, Mark S Borja, Diana Huynh, Stefanie Homann, Anthony Jaworowski, Theodoros Kelesidis
OBJECTIVE: The role of HDL function in HIV-related atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) is unclear. HDLs isolated from HIV+ [HIV(+)HDL] and HIV-uninfected individuals (HDL) were assessed for HDL function and ability to promote monocyte-derived foam cell formation (MDFCF) (a key event in HIV-related CVD) ex vivo. DESIGN/METHODS: Using an established in vitro model of atherogenesis and plasma samples from an established cross-sectional study of virologically-suppressed HIV+ males on stable effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) and with low CVD risk (median age: 42 years; n = 10), we explored the impact of native HDL [HIV(+)HDL] on MDFCF...
September 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926386/effect-of-vascular-injury-on-functional-outcome-in-knees-with-multi-ligament-injury-a-matched-cohort-analysis
#5
Thomas L Sanders, Nicholas R Johnson, Nathan M Levy, Peter A Cole, Aaron J Krych, Michael Stuart, Bruce A Levy
BACKGROUND: Multi-ligament knee injury (MLKI) associated with knee dislocation can result in vascular injury. The purpose of this study was to compare knee function after MLKI between patients with a vascular injury requiring popliteal artery bypass grafting and patients without vascular involvement. Additionally, factors associated with poor knee function in patients who had MLKI with vascular injury were evaluated. METHODS: This retrospective study identified patients with an MLKI between 1992 and 2014...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926380/osseointegrated-transtibial-implants-in-patients-with-peripheral-vascular-disease-a-multicenter-case-series-of-5-patients-with-1-year-follow-up
#6
Robin Atallah, Jiao Jiao Li, William Lu, Ruud Leijendekkers, Jan Paul Frölke, Munjed Al Muderis
BACKGROUND: Osseointegration is an alternative treatment for amputees who are unable to wear or have difficulty wearing a socket prosthesis. Although the majority of limb amputations are due to vascular disease, such amputations have been perceived as a contraindication to osseointegration surgery. We report the outcomes of osseointegrated reconstruction in a series of 5 patients with limb amputation due to peripheral vascular disease. METHODS: Five patients with transtibial amputation and a history of peripheral vascular disease who received an osseointegration implant from 2014 to 2015 were followed for 12 months...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926370/photon-counting-computed-tomography-for-vascular-imaging-of-the-head-and-neck-first-in-vivo-human-results
#7
Rolf Symons, Daniel S Reich, Mohammadhadi Bagheri, Tyler E Cork, Bernhard Krauss, Stefan Ulzheimer, Steffen Kappler, David A Bluemke, Amir Pourmorteza
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate image quality of a spectral photon-counting detector (PCD) computed tomography (CT) system for evaluation of major arteries of the head and neck compared with conventional single-energy CT scans using energy-integrating detectors (EIDs). METHODS: In this institutional review board-approved study, 16 asymptomatic subjects (7 men) provided informed consent and received both PCD and EID contrast-enhanced CT scans of the head and neck (mean age, 58 years; range, 46-75 years)...
September 18, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926292/vegf-polymorphisms-among-neovascular-age-related-macular-degenerative-subjects-in-a-multiethnic-population
#8
Nur Afiqah Mohamad, Vasudevan Ramachandran, Patimah Ismail, Hazlita Mohd Isa, Yoke Mun Chan, Nor Fariza Ngah, Norshakimah Md Bakri, Siew Mooi Ching, Fan Kee Hoo, Wan Aliaa Wan Sulaiman
AIM: To determine the association of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) polymorphisms with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred thirty-five nAMD patients and 135 controls were recruited to determine the association of the -460 C/T, the -2549 I/D, and the +405 G/C polymorphisms with the VEGF gene. Genotyping was conducted using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) approach, and association analyses were conducted using chi-square analysis and logistic regression analysis...
September 19, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926193/association-between-cfh-cfb-arms2-serpinf1-vegfr1-and-vegf-polymorphisms-and-anatomical-and-functional-response-to-ranibizumab-treatment-in-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#9
Estefania Cobos, Sergio Recalde, Jaouad Anter, Maria Hernandez-Sanchez, Carla Barreales, Leticia Olavarrieta, Alicia Valverde, Marta Suarez-Figueroa, Fernando Cruz, Maximino Abraldes, Julian Pérez-Pérez, Patricia Fernández-Robredo, Luis Arias, Alfredo García-Layana
PURPOSE: We sought to determine if specific genetic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) influence vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition response to ranibizumab in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: A total of 403 Caucasian patients diagnosed with exudative AMD were included. After a three-injection loading phase, a pro re nata regimen was followed. Nine SNPs from six different genes (CFH, CFB, ARMS2, SERPINF1, VEGFR1, VEGF) were genotyped...
September 19, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926190/an-8-year-follow-up-of-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-treatment-with-a-treat-and-extend-modality-for-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#10
Karina Berg, Anca B Roald, Jesintha Navaratnam, Ragnheiður Bragadóttir
PURPOSE: To investigate long-term visual results of treatment with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) following a treat-and-extend regimen. METHODS: Retrospective review of 155 patients who initiated treatment with bevacizumab for nAMD in one eye. At the final 8-year visit, 40 patients (26%) remained for follow-up. Mean change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was calculated compared to baseline values...
September 19, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925802/higher-prevalence-of-spontaneous-cerebral-vasculopathy-and-cerebral-infarcts-in-a-mouse-model-of-sickle-cell-disease
#11
Hyacinth I Hyacinth, Courtney L Sugihara, Thomas L Spencer, David R Archer, Andy Y Shih
Stroke is a dramatic complication of sickle cell disease (SCD), which is associated with cerebral vasculopathies including moya moya, intravascular thrombi, cerebral hyperemia, and increased vessel tortuosity. The spontaneous occurrence of these pathologies in the sickle cell mouse model has not been described. Here, we studied Townes humanized sickle cell and age-matched control mice that were 13 months old. We used in vivo two-photon microscopy to assess blood flow dynamics, vascular topology, and evidence of cerebral vasculopathy...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925086/optimizing-hepatic-venous-outflow-reconstruction-for-hepatic-vein-stenosis-with-indwelling-stent-in-living-donor-liver-retransplantation
#12
Takanobu Shigeta, Seisuke Sakamoto, Kengo Sasaki, Hajime Uchida, Soichi Narumoto, Akinari Fukuda, Mureo Kasahara
The patient was a boy of 7 years and 5 months of age, who underwent LDLT for acute liver failure at 10 months of age. HV stent placement was performed 8 months after LDLT because of intractable HV stenosis. At 7 years of age, his liver function deteriorated due to chronic rejection. The patient therefore underwent living donor liver retransplantation from his father. The HV was transected with the stent in situ. The IVC was resected due to stenosis. The pericardial cavity was opened and detached around the IVC to elongate the IVC...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923990/twenty-year-predictors-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-compared-with-coronary-heart-disease-in-the-scottish-heart-health-extended-cohort-shhec
#13
Hugh Tunstall-Pedoe, Sanne A E Peters, Mark Woodward, Allan D Struthers, Jill J F Belch
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affect different vascular territories. Supplementing baseline findings with assays from stored serum, we compared their 20-year predictors. METHODS AND RESULTS: We randomly recruited 15 737 disease-free men and women aged 30 to 75 years across Scotland between 1984 and 1995 and followed them through 2009 for death and hospital diagnoses. Of these, 3098 developed coronary heart disease (19...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923899/cardiovascular-risk-factors-accelerate-progression-of-vascular-aging-in-the-general-population-results-from-the-crave-study-cardiovascular-risk-factors-affecting-vascular-age
#14
Dimitrios Terentes-Printzios, Charalambos Vlachopoulos, Panagiotis Xaplanteris, Nikolaos Ioakeimidis, Konstantinos Aznaouridis, Katerina Baou, Despina Kardara, Georgios Georgiopoulos, Christos Georgakopoulos, Dimitrios Tousoulis
Vascular aging, as assessed by structural and functional arterial properties, is an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk. We hypothesized that the number of cardiovascular risk factors determines the progression of vascular aging. One hundred forty-two subjects (mean age 51.9 years, 94 men) without established cardiovascular disease were investigated in 2 examinations over a 2-year period. Subjects were classified at baseline according to their number of risk factors (from 0 to 2 and more). Subjects had determinations of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, aortic augmentation index, brachial flow-mediated dilatation, and common carotid intima-media thickness and their annual absolute changes were calculated...
September 18, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923627/associations-among-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-levels-in-kidney-transplant-patients
#15
T Trakarnvanich, S Prommool, S Kurathong, T Teepprasan, Y Wang
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of death in patients with chronic kidney disease, even after renal transplantation. Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) provides an indicator of arterial stiffness, whereas fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21) levels may provide a biomarker for atherosclerotic disease. We investigated the association between CAVI and FGF-21 and their relationships to carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and other cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: This study included 90 renal transplant patients...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923299/masson-s-tumor-revealed-by-an-intracerebral-hematoma-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
C Salaud, D Loussouarn, K Buffenoir, T Riem
We report the case of a 56-year-old woman who underwent total resection of a Masson's tumor or intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH), which was discovered due to a left temporal intracerebral hematoma revealed by aphasia. IPEH is more often localized on cutaneous and subcutaneous locations, intracranial IPEH are rare and only approximately twenty cases have been published to date. These tumors are a benign vascular lesion composed of papillary intravascular proliferation of epithelial cellular associated thrombosis with fibrin deposits responsible for vascular lumen obliteration...
September 15, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923115/serous-retinal-detachment-after-panretinal-photocoagulation-for-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-a-case-report
#17
Patrik Schatz, Ahmed Aldayel, Ibrahim Taskintuna, Ehab Abdelkader, Marco Mura
BACKGROUND: Proliferative diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of visual impairment in working-age adults worldwide. Panretinal photocoagulation is a cornerstone in its management; however, it may include a range of side effects and complications, one of these being serous retinal detachment. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the use of intravitreal injection of bevacizumab for serous retinal detachment after panretinal photocoagulation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 24-year-old Saudi man with poorly controlled type 1 diabetes presented with bilateral progressive proliferative retinopathy in spite of several sessions of panretinal photocoagulation...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923099/whole-blood-gene-expression-and-white-matter-hyperintensities
#18
Honghuang Lin, Claudia Satizabal, Zhijun Xie, Qiong Yang, Tianxiao Huan, Roby Joehanes, Chengping Wen, Peter J Munson, Alexa Beiser, Daniel Levy, Sudha Seshadri
BACKGROUND: White matter hyperintensities (WMH) are an important biomarker of cumulative vascular brain injury and have been associated with cognitive decline and an increased risk of dementia, stroke, depression, and gait impairments. The pathogenesis of white matter lesions however, remains uncertain. The characterization of gene expression profiles associated with WMH might help uncover molecular mechanisms underlying WMH. METHODS: We performed a transcriptome-wide association study of gene expression profiles with WMH in 3248 participants from the Framingham Heart Study using the Affymetrix Human Exon 1...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923026/dementia-and-cognitive-disorder-identified-at-a-forensic-psychiatric-examination-a-study-from-sweden
#19
Anette Ekström, Marianne Kristiansson, Karin Sparring Björkstén
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed the relationship between dementia and crime. We conducted a study of persons who got a primary or secondary diagnosis of dementia or cognitive disorder in a forensic psychiatric examination. METHODS: In Sweden, annually about 500 forensic psychiatric examinations are carried out. All cases from 2008 to 2010 with the diagnoses dementia or cognitive disorder were selected from the database of the Swedish National Board of Forensic Medicine...
September 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922541/effects-of-collagen-peptides-intake-on-skin-ageing-and-platelet-release-in-chronologically-aged-mice-revealed-by-cytokine-array-analysis
#20
Hongdong Song, Ling Zhang, Yongkang Luo, Siqi Zhang, Bo Li
Action mechanisms underlying various biological activities of collagen peptides (CPs) remained to be elucidated. Cytokines may play an important role in mediating these health benefits of CPs. This study aimed to systemically examine the cytokines in skin and blood regulated by CPs intake. Thirteen-month-old female Kunming mice were administered with CPs for 2 months (0 or 400 mg/kg bodyweight/day). The cytokines in skin and plasma were analysed using a 53-cytokine array and corresponding ELISA kits. In skin, CPs intake significantly down-regulated placenta growth factor (PIGF-2), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein (IGFBP) -2 and IGFBP-3, and up-regulated platelet factor 4 (PF4), serpin E1 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 ...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
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