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Systematic Review and Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30098792/comprehensive-systematic-review-update-summary-disorders-of-consciousness-report-of-the-guideline-development-dissemination-and-implementation-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology-the-american-congress-of-rehabilitation-medicine-and-the-national
#1
Joseph T Giacino, Douglas I Katz, Nicholas D Schiff, John Whyte, Eric J Ashman, Stephen Ashwal, Richard Barbano, Flora M Hammond, Steven Laureys, Geoffrey S F Ling, Risa Nakase-Richardson, Ronald T Seel, Stuart Yablon, Thomas S D Getchius, Gary S Gronseth, Melissa J Armstrong
OBJECTIVE: To update the 1995 American Academy of Neurology (AAN) practice parameter on persistent vegetative state and the 2002 case definition for the minimally conscious state (MCS) by reviewing the literature on the diagnosis, natural history, prognosis, and treatment of disorders of consciousness lasting at least 28 days. METHODS: Articles were classified per the AAN evidence-based classification system. Evidence synthesis occurred through a modified Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation process...
August 7, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30098791/practice-guideline-update-recommendations-summary-disorders-of-consciousness-report-of-the-guideline-development-dissemination-and-implementation-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology-the-american-congress-of-rehabilitation-medicine-and-the-national
#2
Joseph T Giacino, Douglas I Katz, Nicholas D Schiff, John Whyte, Eric J Ashman, Stephen Ashwal, Richard Barbano, Flora M Hammond, Steven Laureys, Geoffrey S F Ling, Risa Nakase-Richardson, Ronald T Seel, Stuart Yablon, Thomas S D Getchius, Gary S Gronseth, Melissa J Armstrong
OBJECTIVE: To update the 1995 American Academy of Neurology (AAN) practice parameter on persistent vegetative state and the 2002 case definition on minimally conscious state (MCS) and provide care recommendations for patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (DoC). METHODS: Recommendations were based on systematic review evidence, related evidence, care principles, and inferences using a modified Delphi consensus process according to the AAN 2011 process manual, as amended...
August 7, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096784/movement-disorders-related-to-gluten-sensitivity-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Ana Vinagre-Aragón, Panagiotis Zis, Richard Adam Grunewald, Marios Hadjivassiliou
Gluten related disorders (GRD) represent a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations that are triggered by the ingestion of gluten. Coeliac disease (CD) or gluten sensitive enteropathy is the most widely recognised, but extra-intestinal manifestations have also been increasingly identified and reported. Such manifestations may exist in the absence of enteropathy. Gluten sensitivity (GS) is another term that has been used to include all GRD, including those where there is serological positivity for GS related antibodies in the absence of an enteropathy...
August 8, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093237/foot-and-ankle-characteristics-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Sarah Stewart, Angela Brenton-Rule, Nicola Dalbeth, Ashok Aiyer, Christopher Frampton, Keith Rome
OBJECTIVE: To determine characteristics of the foot and ankle in people with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, Sports-Discus, Scopus and Cochrane Library databases were searched up to January 2018. Studies reporting foot- and ankle-related outcomes in the following domains were included: vascular, neurological, musculoskeletal, cutaneous (skin and nail) or pain/function. The Quality Index tool was used to assess methodological quality...
August 6, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30089618/practice-guideline-update-recommendations-summary-disorders-of-consciousness-report-of-the-guideline-development-dissemination-and-implementation-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology-the-american-congress-of-rehabilitation-medicine-and-the-national
#5
Joseph T Giacino, Douglas I Katz, Nicholas D Schiff, John Whyte, Eric J Ashman, Stephen Ashwal, Richard Barbano, Flora M Hammond, Steven Laureys, Geoffrey S F Ling, Risa Nakase-Richardson, Ronald T Seel, Stuart Yablon, Thomas S D Getchius, Gary S Gronseth, Melissa J Armstrong
OBJECTIVE: To update the 1995 American Academy of Neurology (AAN) practice parameter on persistent vegetative state and the 2002 case definition on minimally conscious state (MCS) and provide care recommendations for patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (DoC). METHODS: Recommendations were based on systematic review evidence, related evidence, care principles, and inferences using a modified Delphi consensus process according to the AAN 2011 process manual, as amended...
August 8, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30089617/comprehensive-systematic-review-update-summary-disorders-of-consciousness-report-of-the-guideline-development-dissemination-and-implementation-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology-the-american-congress-of-rehabilitation-medicine-and-the-national
#6
Joseph T Giacino, Douglas I Katz, Nicholas D Schiff, John Whyte, Eric J Ashman, Stephen Ashwal, Richard Barbano, Flora M Hammond, Steven Laureys, Geoffrey S F Ling, Risa Nakase-Richardson, Ronald T Seel, Stuart Yablon, Thomas S D Getchius, Gary S Gronseth, Melissa J Armstrong
OBJECTIVE: To update the 1995 American Academy of Neurology (AAN) practice parameter on persistent vegetative state and the 2002 case definition for the minimally conscious state (MCS) by reviewing the literature on the diagnosis, natural history, prognosis, and treatment of disorders of consciousness lasting at least 28 days. METHODS: Articles were classified per the AAN evidence-based classification system. Evidence synthesis occurred through a modified Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation process...
August 8, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30086482/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-experimental-models-employed-in-the-discovery-and-development-of-antiepileptic-drugs-for-pharmacoresistant-epilepsy
#7
REVIEW
Gonçalo Campos, Ana Fortuna, Amílcar Falcão, Gilberto Alves
Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic, recurrent and progressive neurological diseases. In spite of the large number of antiepileptic drugs currently available for the suppression of seizures, about one-third of patients develop drug-resistant epilepsy, even when they are administered the most appropriate treatment available. Thus, nonclinical models can be valuable tools for the elucidation of the mechanisms underlying the development of pharmacoresistance and also for the development of new therapeutic agents that may be promising therapeutic approaches for this unmet medical need...
July 21, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30079517/parent-report-instruments-for-assessing-feeding-difficulties-in-children-with-neurological-impairments-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Nurul Hazirah Jaafar, Azizah Othman, Noorizan A Majid, Sakinah Harith, Zamh Zabidi-Hussin
AIM: This study aimed to review the psychometric properties and clinical application of parent-report instruments that assess feeding difficulties in children with neurological impairments. METHOD: Papers were identified through five electronic databases based on 15 keywords and were included if they met the following criteria: published in English, described the implementation of parent-report instruments, and included children with neurological impairments (either in the report or a related study population)...
August 5, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073258/placebo-effects-on-the-neurologic-pain-signature-a-meta-analysis-of-individual-participant-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-data
#9
Matthias Zunhammer, Ulrike Bingel, Tor D Wager
Importance: Placebo effects reduce pain and contribute to clinical analgesia, but after decades of research, it remains unclear whether placebo treatments mainly affect nociceptive processes or other processes associated with pain evaluation. Objective: We conducted a systematic, participant-level meta-analysis to test the effect of placebo treatments on pain-associated functional neuroimaging responses in the neurologic pain signature (NPS), a multivariate brain pattern tracking nociceptive pain...
July 30, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064324/open-loop-deep-brain-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-outcomes-over-the-past-decade-2008-present
#10
James J Zhou, Tsinsue Chen, S Harrison Farber, Andrew G Shetter, Francisco A Ponce
OBJECTIVE The field of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for epilepsy has grown tremendously since its inception in the 1970s and 1980s. The goal of this review is to identify and evaluate all studies published on the topic of open-loop DBS for epilepsy over the past decade (2008 to present). METHODS A PubMed search was conducted to identify all articles reporting clinical outcomes of open-loop DBS for the treatment of epilepsy published since January 1, 2008. The following composite search terms were used: ("epilepsy" [MeSH] OR "seizures" [MeSH] OR "kindling, neurologic" [MeSH] OR epilep* OR seizure* OR convuls*) AND ("deep brain stimulation" [MeSH] OR "deep brain stimulation" OR "DBS") OR ("electric stimulation therapy" [MeSH] OR "electric stimulation therapy" OR "implantable neurostimulators" [MeSH])...
August 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064148/-multiple-myeloma-current-standards-in-surgical-treatment
#11
Michael Kehrer, Sebastian Koob, Andreas Kehrer, Dieter Christian Wirtz, Jan Schmolders
BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma is a haematological blood cancer in elderly patients, in which neoplastic cell populations cause osteolytic destruction in the bone skeleton. More than 50% of all patients sustain pathological fractures during the course of their disease. Of all malignant lesions of the spine, multiple myeloma is the most frequent spinal tumour and accounts for approximately 15% of all cases. 8 - 10% of the patients develop neurological deficits. In addition to systemic antineoplastic therapy, surgical treatment is often required in order to reconstruct and stabilise bone defects associated with multiple myeloma, as well as to address tumour-related complications...
July 31, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063963/extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-for-cardiac-arrest-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Mathias J Holmberg, Guillaume Geri, Sebastian Wiberg, Anne-Marie Guerguerian, Michael W Donnino, Jerry P Nolan, Charles D Deakin, Lars W Andersen
AIM: To assess the use of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR), compared with manual or mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) in adults and children. METHODS: The PRISMA guidelines were followed. We searched Medline, Embase, and Evidence-Based Medicine Reviews for randomized clinical trials and observational studies published before May 22, 2018. The population included adult and pediatric patients with OHCA and IHCA of any origin...
July 28, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063222/intraoperative-neurophysiological-monitoring-in-spine-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Jefferson Walter Daniel, Ricardo Vieira Botelho, Jerônimo Buzetti Milano, Fernando Rolemberg Dantas, Franz Jooji Onishi, Eloy Rusafa Neto, Eduardo de Freitas Bertolini, Marcelo Antonio Duva Borgheresi, Andrei Fernandes Joaquim
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic literature review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic literature review was to evaluate if intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) can prevent neurological injury during spinal operative surgical procedures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: IONM seems to have presumable positive effects in identifying neurological deficits. However, the role of IONM in the decrease of new neurological deficits remains unclear...
August 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30062947/total-disc-replacement-versus-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#14
REVIEW
C Findlay, S Ayis, A K Demetriades
Aims: The aim of this study was to determine how the short- and medium- to long-term outcome measures after total disc replacement (TDR) compare with those of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), using a systematic review and meta-analysis. Patients and Methods: Databases including Medline, Embase, and Scopus were searched. Inclusion criteria involved prospective randomized control trials (RCTs) reporting the surgical treatment of patients with symptomatic degenerative cervical disc disease...
August 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30061448/binge-drinking-in-young-people-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-neuropsychological-neurophysiological-and-neuroimaging-studies
#15
Briana Lees, Louise Mewton, Lexine Stapinski, Lindsay M Squeglia, Caroline Rae, Maree Teesson
INTRODUCTION: Binge drinking is the most common pattern of alcohol use among young people in Western countries. Adolescence and young adulthood is a vulnerable developmental period and binge drinking during this time has a higher potential for neurotoxicity and interference with ongoing neural and cognitive development. The purpose of this systematic review will be to assess and integrate evidence of the impact of binge drinking on cognition, brain structure and function in youth aged 10-24 years...
July 30, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30060468/vitamin-c-to-improve-organ-dysfunction-in-cardiac-surgery-patients-review-and-pragmatic-approach
#16
REVIEW
Aileen Hill, Sebastian Wendt, Carina Benstoem, Christina Neubauer, Patrick Meybohm, Pascal Langlois, Neill Kj Adhikari, Daren K Heyland, Christian Stoppe
The pleiotropic biochemical and antioxidant functions of vitamin C have sparked recent interest in its application in intensive care. Vitamin C protects important organ systems (cardiovascular, neurologic and renal systems) during inflammation and oxidative stress. It also influences coagulation and inflammation; its application might prevent organ damage. The current evidence of vitamin C's effect on pathophysiological reactions during various acute stress events (such as sepsis, shock, trauma, burn and ischemia-reperfusion injury) questions whether the application of vitamin C might be especially beneficial for cardiac surgery patients who are routinely exposed to ischemia/reperfusion and subsequent inflammation, systematically affecting different organ systems...
July 27, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058510/sleep-duration-and-risk-of-all-cause-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
H A García-Perdomo, J Zapata-Copete, C A Rojas-Cerón
AimsTo determine the association between the sleep duration and the risk of all-cause mortality in adults. METHODS: A search strategy was conducted in the MEDLINE, CENTRAL, EMBASE and LILACS databases. Searches were also conducted in other databases and unpublished literature. Cohort studies were included without language, time or setting restrictions. The risk of bias was evaluated with a modified Cochrane Collaboration's tool. An analysis of random effects was conducted. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality...
July 30, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055174/meta-analysis-of-prevalence-of-bovine-herpes-virus-1-in-cattle-in-mainland-china
#18
Xuelong Chen, Xin Wang, Yanping Qi, Xiaobo Wen, Chengxu Li, Xingbo Liu, Hongbo Ni
Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1), an important pathogen of cattle, can cause severe clinical syndromes including respiratory disease, genital disease, and late-term abortions, as well as neurological and systemic disease in cattle. For assessing the prevalence of BHV-1 infection in mainland China, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched English and Chinese literature databases for published paper regarding the prevalence of BHV-1 in cattle in China from inception to May 20, 2018...
July 25, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30045323/therapeutic-effect-of-intensive-glycemic-control-therapy-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
REVIEW
Chunran Zhu, Jinjing Chen, Junchen Pan, Zhichao Qiu, Tao Xu
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia is associated with dismal outcomes in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), which is frequently treated with insulin therapy. In this study, a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed to assess the safety and efficacy of intensive glycemic control (IGC) versus conventional glycemic control (CGC) for patients following TBI. METHODS: Databases, including PubMed, Embase, and the Cochran database, were retrieved up to January 2018...
July 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30044469/adherence-to-guidelines-when-evaluating-fitness-to-drive-in-the-elderly-a-practice-review-of-swiss-physicians
#20
Paul Sebo, Dagmar M Haller, Bernard Favrat, Philippe Huber, Yolanda Mueller, Paul Vaucher
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore the extent to which general practitioners (GPs) in Western Switzerland adhere to Swiss recommendations when assessing fitness-to-drive in the elderly. METHODS: A random sample of 500 GPs practicing in Vaud, Neuchatel and Jura, and all GPs certified to conduct fitness-to-drive assessments in Geneva ("experts", n = 69) were invited to participate. They were asked how often they performed twenty procedures (recommended in Swiss guidelines developed by experts in traffic medicine) when assessing older drivers during the previous year, scored on a five-point Likert scale ranging from "never" to "always performed"...
2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
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