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Termination of pregnancy

Dora Barrancos, Patricia Rosemberg
Just days after the Argentine Chamber of Deputies approved the bill on the Voluntary Termination of Pregnancy, Salud Colectiva asked Dora Barrancos and Patricia Rosemberg to converse with representative Mónica Macha regarding the events leading up to the Chamber's approval of the bill. In the conversation other themes emerged in connection to the energy that flooded the streets all over the country throughout the year. The three women highlighted the activism and sorority present inside and outside of the chamber, the central role of youth, "the revolution of the daughters," the discussion of body autonomy, the role of doctors and how the struggle became a cultural change from which there is no return...
July 2018: Salud Colectiva
Karina Felitti, Sol Prieto
This article explores the configurations of secularism present in the parliamentary debate on the voluntary termination of pregnancy bill in 2018, and in some specific areas of feminist activism in which secularism is discussed and promoted, collected in the period between 2015 and 2018. Based on the official transcriptions of the speeches of deputies and senators during the debates as well as participant observation in national and regional women's and feminist gatherings, we analyze the ideas that emerge in relation to the State, churches, religions, spiritualities and democracy when sexual and reproductive rights are discussed...
July 2018: Salud Colectiva
Dora Barrancos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Salud Colectiva
Roee Birnbaum, Naama Yosha-Orpaz, Miri Yanoov-Sharav, Dvora Kidron, Hila Gur, Keren Yosovich, Tally Lerman-Sagie, Gustavo Malinger, Dorit Lev
Protein arginine methyltransferase 7 (PRMT7) is a member of a family of enzymes that catalyze the transfer of methyl groups from S-adenosyl-l-methionine to nitrogen atoms on arginine residues. Arginine methylation is involved in multiple biological processes, such as signal transduction, mRNA splicing, transcriptional control, DNA repair, and protein translocation. Currently, 10 patients have been described with mutations in PRMT7. The shared findings include: hypotonia, intellectual disability, short stature, brachydactyly, and mild dysmorphic features...
December 4, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Karen Y Oh, Thomas J Gibson, Joseph Pinter, David Pettersson, Brian L Shaffer, Nathan R Selden, Roya Sohaey
OBJECTIVES: When identified prenatally, the imaging triad of asymmetric ventriculomegaly, interhemispheric cyst, and dysgenesis of the corpus callosum (AVID) can indicate a more serious congenital brain anomaly. In this follow-up series of 15 fetuses, we present the neurodevelopmental outcomes of a single institution cohort of children diagnosed prenatally with AVID. METHODS: Our fetal ultrasound database was queried for cases of AVID between 2000 and 2016. All available fetal MR imaging studies were reviewed for the presence of (1) interhemispheric cysts or ventricular diverticula and (2) dysgenesis or agenesis of the corpus callosum...
December 4, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
Zeynep Öztürk, Ercüment Ölmez, Tuğba Gürpınar, Kamil Vural
Öztürk Z, Ölmez E, Gürpınar T, Vural K. Birth outcomes after inadvertent use of category X drugs contraindicated in pregnancy: Where is the real risk? Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 298-305. Drugs contraindicated in pregnancy are medicines that should be avoided by pregnant women, since they carry a concern for teratogenicity or there is no indication for their use during pregnancy. It does not mean that exposures to these drugs always cause harm. The aim of the present study was to investigate the risk of adverse outcomes following maternal exposure to the drugs contraindicated in pregnancy...
2018: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Angelo B Hooker, Robert A de Leeuw, Peter M van de Ven, Hans A M Brölmann, Judith A F Huirne
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether intrauterine application of auto-cross-linked hyaluronic acid (ACP) gel after dilation and curettage (D&C) improves reproductive performance. DESIGN: Multicenter prospective randomized trial. SETTING: One university and seven university-affiliated teaching hospitals. PATIENT(S): A total of 149 women who have experienced a miscarriage at <14 weeks of gestation, with at least one previous D&C for miscarriage or termination of pregnancy, were randomly assigned to either D&C plus ACP gel (intervention group) or D&C alone (control group)...
December 2018: Fertility and Sterility
Stamatia Theodoridou, Nikolaos Prapas, Angeliki Balassopoulou, Effrossyni Boutou, Timoleon-Achilleas Vyzantiadis, Despoina Adamidou, Evangelia-Eleni Delaki, Eleni Yfanti, Marina Economou, Αikaterini Teli, Olga Karakasidou, Evangelia Skatharoudi, Theodoros Theodoridis, Ersi Voskaridou
Hemoglobinopathies constitute the most frequent monogenic disorders worldwide and in Greece. In Greece, carrier frequency is estimated at about 8.0%, resulting in a heavy disease burden in the past. Therefore, the implementation of a national prevention program of the disease was an urgent necessity. Moreover, due to migration flow from different geographic areas in the last two decades, the observed spectrum of underlying mutations was expanded, leading to the adaptation of diagnostic approaches. We report the results of the National Thalassaemia Prevention Programme in Northern Greece, over a 15-year period (2001-2015)...
December 3, 2018: Hemoglobin
Yonghong Zhang, Lina Ma, Xiaohui Hu, Jinlu Ji, Gil Mor, Aihua Liao
STUDY QUESTION: What is the role of the programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/PD-1 ligand-1 (PD-L1) axis in macrophage polarization during early pregnancy? SUMMARY ANSWER: PD-1 signaling is a major regulator of macrophage differentiation and function, and it is critical for the success of a pregnancy. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The predominance of decidual macrophages (DMs) with an M2 phenotype is an important contributor to maternal-fetal tolerance during early pregnancy...
November 30, 2018: Human Reproduction
Vimbai Chibango, Pranitha Maharaj
OBJECTIVE: Mother-to-child transmission of HIV is a matter of global concern but is particularly serious in Zimbabwe. A number of strategies have been identified to limit the risk of mother-to-child transmission, including abortion. The aim of the current study was to assess men's and women's roles in decision making about abortion in a setting with a high prevalence of HIV. METHODS: Qualitative research based on eight focus group discussions was conducted among adult men and women in Gokwe North District, Zimbabwe...
November 30, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
Sumaiya Adam, Melantha Coetzee, Engela Magdalena Honey
Pena-Shokeir syndrome (PSS) type 1, also known as fetal akinesia deformation sequence, is a rare genetic syndrome that almost always results in intrauterine or early neonatal death. It is characterized by markedly decreased fetal movements, intrauterine growth restriction, joint contractures, short umbilical cord, and features of pulmonary hypoplasia. Antenatal diagnosis can be difficult. Ultrasound features are varied and may overlap with those of Trisomy 18. The poor prognosis of PSS is due to pulmonary hypoplasia, which is an important feature that distinguishes PSS from arthrogryposis multiplex congenital without pulmonary hypoplasia, which has a better prognosis...
2018: Application of Clinical Genetics
Chisato Kasuya, Mina Suzuki, Yukako Koda, Hitomi Sato, Katsunori Kashima, Keisuke Honda, Yoshiki Kazama, Katsuhiko Akiyama, Yasuhiro Seki, Yuichiro Yoneoka
A 32-year-old pregnant woman in her 39th week of pregnancy presented at the emergency room complaining of sudden-onset dizziness with gaze disturbance and was admitted to our hospital. Her past medical history included hypertension, diabetes mellitus and infarction in the right medulla oblongata 18 months prior to this event. Magnetic resonance (MR) angiography showed multiple irregular stenosis of the intracranial arterial system. Although MR images revealed no fresh ischemic or hemorrhagic lesions, she was diagnosed with reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RVCS) associated with pregnancy...
December 2018: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Li Jiao-Ling, Wu Hai-Ying, Zhong Wei, Liu Jin-Rong, Chen Kun-Shan, Fang Qian
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the treatment and prognosis of fetal lymphangioma and factors that inform treatment selection. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 79 patients with fetal lymphangioma treated at our hospital. Treatment methods included medical termination (death in-utero), expectant treatment, surgery, and interventional sclerotherapy (including ex utero intrapartum treatment, EXIT). Methods of treatment were selected according to the location and size of the lymphangioma...
December 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Seham Mustafa
OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy is associated with many functional changes of the urinary bladder. It was reported that most of healthy women complain from urinary symptoms during pregnancy. The parasympathetic system is mainly mediating bladder emptying. The aim of the study is to investigate the cholinergic effect and the role of acetylcholinesterase in the bladder during pregnancy. METHODS: Sixteen rats were used in the present study as control group (non-pregnant) and pregnant group (18-20 days pregnant)...
November 26, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
Henry Chikadaya, Mugove Gerald Madziyire, Stephen P Munjanja
BACKGROUND: Maternal 'near miss' can be a proxy for maternal death and it describes women who nearly died due to obstetric complications. It measures life threatening pregnancy related complications and allows the assessment of the quality of obstetric care. METHODS: A prospective descriptive study was carried out from October 1 2016 to 31 December 2016, using the WHO criteria for maternal 'near miss' at the two tertiary public hospitals which receive referrals of all obstetric complications in Harare city, Zimbabwe...
November 26, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Caroline Madsen, Kirsten Søgaard, Helle Zingenberg, Finn Stener Jørgensen, Hanne Rosbach, Eva Hoseth, Lars Henning Pedersen, Olav Bjørn Petersen
Monoamniotic twin pregnancies are high-risk pregnancies, and management by inpatient or frequent outpatient care is recommended. We report the outcomes of a national cohort of monoamniotic twin pregnancies managed primarily as outpatients MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed prospectively recorded data from the Danish Fetal Medicine Database, local databases, and medical records of all monoamniotic twin pregnancies diagnosed at the first trimester scan or later, and managed at the six major fetal medicine centers in Denmark over a 10 year period RESULTS: Sixty-one monoamniotic twin pregnancies were included...
November 25, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Roberto Villalobos-Labra, Mario Subiabre, Fernando Toledo, Fabián Pardo, Luis Sobrevia
Diabesity is an abnormal metabolic condition shown by patients with obesity that develop type 2 diabetes mellitus. Patients with diabesity present with insulin resistance, reduced vascular response to insulin, and vascular endothelial dysfunction. Along with the several well-described mechanisms of insulin resistance, a state of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, where the primary human targets are the adipose tissue, liver, skeletal muscle, and the foetoplacental vasculature, is apparent. ER stress characterises by the activation of the unfolded protein response via three canonical ER stress sensors, i...
November 22, 2018: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
Howard Minkoff, Ronald S Gibbs
Changes in the make-up of the Supreme Court make an overturn of the Roe v Wade decision a realistic possibility. In order to mitigate any adverse health consequences that could result from a change in the law, all stakeholders in women's health have to start to plan for that contingency. These stakeholders include physicians, nurse midwives, nurses, their professional organizations, health advocacy groups, health policy experts, and legislators. Among the tasks for physicians and their professional organization, we include education about the management of women injured by unsafe abortions, post residency training for physicians with reduced access to residency training in abortion, and planning for the management of medically complicated pregnancies that are often currently terminated (e...
November 21, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Tilahun Fufa Debela, Misgun Shewangizaw Mekuria
BACKGROUND: Unsafe abortion contributes to maternal deaths 13% globally and 25-35% of Ethiopia. By considering the problem of unsafe abortion, Ethiopia amended a law that permits abortion under certain circumstances. However, the country liberalized the service, women are still not using it. Therefore, the possible reason might be a lack of knowledge and attitude is a barrier that hinders women to use safe abortion. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Arba Minch town from January 02 to 17, 2017...
November 21, 2018: Reproductive Health
Alana Hulme-Chambers, Samantha Clune, Jane Tomnay
BACKGROUND: Medical termination of pregnancy (MToP) is a safe and acceptable abortion option. Depending on country context, MToP can be administered by general practitioners and mid-level healthcare providers in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy. Like other high-income countries, a range of social and structural barriers to MToP service provision exist in Australia. To counter some of these barriers, geographic decentralization of MToP was undertaken in rural Victoria, Australia, through training service providers about MToP to increase service delivery opportunities...
November 21, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
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