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Metabolic Syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944856/systemic-overexpression-of-the-11%C3%AE-%C3%A2-hsd1-promotes-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-multiple-tissues-and-the-development-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-mice
#1
Chenxiao Li, Jihan Xia, Wenjuan Zhu, Leilei Xin, Cuiping An, Shulin Yang, Kui Li
Glucocorticoids are associated with lipid metabolism and their abnormal expression has an important function in the development of metabolic syndrome. The 11β‑hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β‑HSD1) is a metabolic enzyme of glucocorticoids and may be a potential drug target for the treatment of metabolic syndrome. However, the association between the systemic expression of 11β‑HSD1 and metabolic syndrome remains to be elucidated. The present study used a cytomegalovirus promoter to obtain mice that systemically overexpressed the 11β‑HSD1 gene...
September 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944830/application-of-the-amniotic-fluid-metabolome-to-the-study-of-fetal-malformations-using-down-syndrome-as-a-specific-model
#2
Jun Huang, Jinhua Mo, Guili Zhao, Qiyin Lin, Guanhui Wei, Weinan Deng, Dunjin Chen, Bolan Yu
Although monitoring and diagnosis of fetal diseases in utero remains a challenge, metabolomics may provide an additional tool to study the etiology and pathophysiology of fetal diseases at a functional level. In order to explore specific markers of fetal disease, metabolites were analyzed in two separate sets of experiments using amniotic fluid from fetuses with Down syndrome (DS) as a model. Both sets included 10‑15 pairs of controls and cases, and amniotic fluid samples were processed separately; metabolomic fingerprinting was then conducted using UPLC‑MS...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944807/conjugated-fatty-acid-rich-oil-from-gynostrmma-pentaphyllum-seed-can-ameliorate-lipid-and-glucose-metabolism-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-mice
#3
Mingxing Zhang, Nan Du, Lu Wang, Xiaobing Wang, Yaping Xiao, Kun Zhang, Quanhong Liu, Pan Wang
Gynostrmma pentaphyllum seed oil (GPSO), extracted from G. pentaphyllum seeds, is rich in conjugated linolenic acid, which is a special fatty acid consisting of cis-9, trans-11, trans-13 isomers. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from insulin resistance, and is usually accompanied by hypertension, hyperlipidemia, atherosclerosis (i.e., the metabolic syndrome, or syndrome X), and polycystic ovarian disease. This study aimed to investigate the effect of GPSO on T2DM hepatic lipid metabolism and the underlying mechanism involving level of protein expression...
September 25, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944745/obesity-a-possible-risk-factor-for-restless-legs-syndrome
#4
Demet Yildiz, Nilufer Buyukkoyuncu, Ahmet Kasim Kilic, Soner Cander, Abdülmecit Yıldız, Aygul Gunes, Meral Seferoglu, Sevda Erer Ozbek
AIM/BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a frequent neurological and sleep disorder. Metabolic disorders are known to be related to sleep disorders. We prospectively evaluated whether obesity and its possible cofactors were related to the presence of RLS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 143 obese and 94 non-obese individuals. Obese patients had a BMI of 30 and over, while non-obese patients had a BMI lower than 30. Patients with arthritis and pregnancy were excluded but not those with diabetes mellitus...
September 25, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944709/the-cardiometabolic-effect-of-current-management-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-strategies-of-prevention-and-treatment
#5
Dinka Pavicic Baldani, Lana Skrgatic, Roya Ougouag, Miro Kasum
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the commonest endocrine disorder amongst women of reproductive age, which is characterized by reproductive and cardiometabolic disturbances with long-term health repercussions. Insulin resistance (IR), impaired glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), obesity and dyslipidemia occur more in women with PCOS than in age-comparable women without PCOS. Long term data regarding risks or benefits of medical intervention for metabolic dysfunction of PCOS are lacking. Therapies, such as oral contraceptives (OCPs) and anti-androgenic medications used to manage the reproductive manifestations of PCOS, may themselves be the cause of cardiometabolic perturbations...
September 23, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944323/the-effects-of-bariatric-surgical-procedures-on-the-improvement-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-morbidly-obese-patients-comparison-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-versus-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#6
Mehmet Ertuğrul Kafalı, Mustafa Şahin, İlhan Ece, Fahrettin Acar, Hüseyin Yılmaz, Hüsnü Alptekin, Leyla Ateş
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in terms of weight loss, metabolic parameters, and postoperative complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with a diagnosis of morbid obesity between January 2012 and June 2014 were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were compared in terms of age, sex, body mass index, duration of operation, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, perioperative complications, length of hospital stay, and long term follow-up results...
2017: Turk J Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943894/prevalence-and-severity-of-syndrome-z-in-women-with-metabolic-syndrome-on-waiting-list-for-bariatric-surgery-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Eduardo Araujo Perez, Luis Vicente Franco Oliveira, Wilson Rodrigues Freitas, Carlos Alberto Malheiros, Elias Jirjoss Ilias, Anderson Soares Silva, Jessica Julioti Urbano, Patricia Clemente Oliveira, Felipe X Cepeda, Luciana M M Sampaio, Ivani C Trombetta, Humberto Delle, Daniel Gianella Neto, Sergio Roberto Nacif, Roberto Stirbulov
BACKGROUND: In recent years, obesity has become one of the most important public health problems in the world, with a growing prevalence in both developed and developing countries. Recent studies show that sleep disturbances, especially obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) may be a manifestation of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Although the association of OSA with the MetS is largely attributed to obesity, the exact pathophysiological mechanisms and their individual characteristics still need to be identified...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943332/associations-of-metabolic-syndrome-elevated-c-reactive-protein-and-physical-activity-in-u-s-adolescents
#8
Bethany D Williams, Michael R Richardson, Tammie M Johnson, James R Churilla
PURPOSE: The aim was to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) criteria, elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), and physical activity (PA) as well as the odds of MetS criteria in those active versus inactive utilizing a representative sample of U.S. adolescents. METHODS: The study sample (n = 676) included male and female adolescent (12-17 years) participants in the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The criteria analyzed were based on a modified definition of MetS using the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943279/lobar-emphysema-distribution-is-associated-with-5-year-radiologic-disease-progression
#9
Adel Boueiz, Yale Chang, Michael H Cho, George R Washko, Raul San José Estépar, Russell P Bowler, James D Crapo, Dawn L DeMeo, Jennifer G Dy, Edwin K Silverman, Peter J Castaldi
BACKGROUND: Emphysema has considerable variability in its regional distribution. Cranio-caudal emphysema distribution is an important predictor of the response to lung volume reduction. However, there is little consensus regarding how to define upper and lower-lobe predominant emphysema subtypes. Consequently, the clinical and genetic associations with these subtypes are poorly characterized. METHODS: We sought to identify subgroups characterized by upper or lower lobe emphysema predominance and comparable amounts of total emphysema by analyzing data from 9,210 non-alpha-1 antitrypsin deficient smokers in the COPDGene cohort...
September 21, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942551/androgen-excess-and-metabolic-disorders-in-women-with-pcos-beyond-the-body-mass-index
#10
REVIEW
R A Condorelli, A E Calogero, M Di Mauro, L M Mongioi', R Cannarella, G Rosta, S La Vignera
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance is a common feature among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), especially in those patients with hyperandrogenism and chronic anovulation. PCOS women are at risk for developing metabolic syndrome, impaired glucose tolerance and type II diabetes mellitus (DM II). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to explore the existing knowledge of the interplay between androgen excess, pancreatic β-cell function, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), intra-abdominal and subcutaneous (SC) abdominal adipocytes in PCOS, providing a better comprehension of the molecular mechanisms of diabetologic interest...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942470/bisphenol-a-urinary-level-its-correlates-and-association-with-cardiometabolic-risks-in-lebanese-urban-adults
#11
Youssef Mouneimne, Mona Nasrallah, Nathalie Khoueiry-Zgheib, Lara Nasreddine, Nancy Nakhoul, Hussein Ismail, Mohamad Abiad, Lynn Koleilat, Hani Tamim
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disruptor with multiple purported metabolic effects. This study aimed to measure BPA among Lebanese population, to identify its predictors, and to explore any link to metabolic disorders. A representative sample of 501 adults from Lebanon was recruited in a cross-sectional study. Urinary BPA was measured, and data were collected for anthropometric measurements, medical history, food intake, and laboratory markers of metabolic conditions. BPA data was divided into tertiles. A total of 89% of the subjects had detectable urinary BPA levels, with an overall mean of 3...
September 23, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942145/gut-microbial-metabolite-tmao-contributes-to-renal-dysfunction-in-a-mouse-model-of-diet-induced-obesity
#12
Guangping Sun, Zhongmin Yin, Naiquan Liu, Xiaohui Bian, Rui Yu, Xiaoxiao Su, Beiru Zhang, Yanqiu Wang
Emerging evidence shows that obesity induces renal injury and is an independent risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD), even without diabetes or hyperglycemia. Although multiple metabolic factors have been suggested to account for obesity-associated renal injury, the precious underlying mechanisms are not completely understood. Recent study shows that increased trimethylamine N-Oxide (TMAO), a gut microbiota-generated metabolite, directly contributes to renal interstitial fibrosis and dysfunction...
September 20, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942095/changes-in-truncal-obesity-and-fat-distribution-predict-arterial-health
#13
Frank E Corrigan, Heval Mohamed Kelli, Devinder S Dhindsa, Robert E Heinl, Ibhar Al Mheid, Muhammad Hammadah, Salim S Hayek, Salman Sher, Danny J Eapen, Greg S Martin, Arshed A Quyyumi
BACKGROUND: Truncal obesity is associated with metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk. Although vascular health is influenced by weight, it is not known whether changes in fat distribution modulate arterial function. OBJECTIVE: We assessed how changes in truncal (android) fat at 1 year affect arterial stiffness and endothelial function. METHODS: We recruited 711 healthy volunteers (235 males, age 48 ± 11 years) into the Emory Predictive Health Study; 498 returned at 1 year...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941205/asian-adolescents-with-excess-weight-are-at-higher-risk-for-insulin-resistance-than-non-asian-peers
#14
Ahmed Elsamadony, Kathy F Yates, Victoria Sweat, Po Lai Yau, Alex Mangone, Adriana Joseph, Arthur Fierman, Antonio Convit
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether Asian American adolescents have higher metabolic risk from excess weight than non-Asians. METHODS: Seven hundred thirty-three students, aged 14 to 19 years old, completed a school-based health screening. The 427 Asian and 306 non-Asian students were overall equivalent on age, sex, and family income. Height, weight, waist circumference, percent body fat, and blood pressure were measured. Fasting triglycerides, high- and low-density lipoproteins, glucose, and insulin levels were measured...
September 20, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940857/prevalence-of-dermatologic-manifestations-and-metabolic-biomarkers-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-north-china
#15
Jin-Ge Feng, Yan Guo, Li-Ang Ma, Jin Xing, Rui-Feng Sun, Wei Zhu
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous features of hyperandrogenism in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) include acne, hirsutism, seborrhea, androgenic alopecia (AGA), and acanthosis nigricans (AN). However, the relationships have not been well known broadly in terms of clinical hyperandrogenism and biochemical markers. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate biochemical and metabolic parameters in relation to cutaneous characters women in with and without PCOS. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional retrospective study including 186 women with PCOS and 113 age-matched without PCOS women...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940737/consumption-of-two-healthy-dietary-patterns-restored-microbiota-dysbiosis-in-obese-patients-with-metabolic-dysfunction
#16
Carmen Haro, Sonia García-Carpintero, Oriol A Rangel-Zúñiga, Juan F Alcalá-Díaz, Blanca B Landa, José C Clemente, Pablo Pérez-Martínez, José López-Miranda, Francisco Pérez-Jiménez, Antonio Camargo
SCOPE: The consumption of two healthy diets (Mediterranean (MED) and low-fat (LF) diets) may restore the gut microbiome dysbiosis in obese patients depending on the degree of metabolic dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed the differences in bacterial community at baseline and after 2 years of dietary intervention of 106 subjects from the CORDIOPREV study, 33 of whom were obese patients with severe metabolic disease (5 criteria for metabolic syndrome) (MetS-OB), 32 obese patients without metabolic dysfunction (2 or less criteria for metabolic syndrome) (NonMetS-OB) and 41 non-obese subjects (NonMetS-NonOB)...
September 20, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940667/drugs-for-metabolic-conditions-and-prostate-cancer-death-in-men-on-gnrh-agonists
#17
Cecilia Bosco, Chloe Wong, Hans Garmo, Danielle Crawley, Lars Holmberg, Niklas Hammar, Jan Adolfsson, Pär Stattin, Mieke Van Hemelrijck
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether metabolic syndrome and its related drugs is affecting treatment response in men with prostate cancer (PCa) on Gonadotropin releasing Hormone (GnRH) agonists. We aimed to evaluate whether drugs for metabolic conditions influence PCa-specific mortality in men starting GnRH agonists. METHODS: We selected all men receiving GnRH agonists as primary treatment in PCBaSe Sweden (n=9,267). Use of drugs for metabolic conditions (i.e. anti-diabetes, anti-dyslipidaemia, and anti-hypertension) in relation to all cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and PCa-specific death was studied using multivariate Cox proportional hazard and Fine and Gray competing regression models...
September 20, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939845/flt1-and-transcriptome-wide-polyadenylation-site-pas-analysis-in-preeclampsia
#18
Ami Ashar-Patel, Yasin Kaymaz, Augustine Rajakumar, Jeffrey A Bailey, S Ananth Karumanchi, Melissa J Moore
Maternal symptoms of preeclampsia (PE) are primarily driven by excess anti-angiogenic factors originating from the placenta. Chief among these are soluble Flt1 proteins (sFlt1s) produced from alternatively polyadenylated mRNA isoforms. Here we used polyadenylation site sequencing (PAS-Seq) of RNA from normal and PE human placentae to interrogate transcriptome-wide gene expression and alternative polyadenylation signatures associated with early-onset PE (EO-PE; symptom onset < 34 weeks) and late-onset PE (LO-PE; symptom onset > 34 weeks) cohorts...
September 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939706/impact-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-on-mortality-is-modified-by-objective-short-sleep-duration
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939589/metabolic-obesity-phenotypes-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-in-postmenopausal-women
#20
Geoffrey C Kabat, Mimi Y Kim, Jennifer S Lee, Gloria Y Ho, Scott B Going, Jennifer Beebe-Dimmer, JoAnn E Manson, Rowan T Chlebowski, Thomas E Rohan
BACKGROUND: Obesity and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) have both been linked to increased risk of postmenopausal breast cancer; however, their relative contributions are poorly understood. METHODS: We examined the association of metabolic phenotypes of obesity defined by presence of the MetS (yes, no) and body mass index (normal, overweight, obese) with risk of postmenopausal breast cancer in a prospective analysis of a cohort of postmenopausal women (n ~ 21,000) with baseline measurements of blood glucose, triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, blood pressure, waist circumference, and body mass index...
September 22, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
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