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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087587/association-between-dietary-intake-and-school-valued-outcomes-a-scoping-review
#1
H S K Chan, C Knight, M Nicholson
Approximately one in four Australian children aged 5-17 years are overweight or obese. Most of the health effects of overweight and obesity in childhood do not eventuate until into adulthood; therefore, motivation for children to have a healthy diet may be low. This scoping review examined the literature for associations between diet quality in 5-18 year olds and 'school-valued' outcomes including student attendance, academic performance, behaviour at school and mental health. A literature search for studies that assessed dietary intake and at least one 'school-valued' outcome in schoolchildren, in highly developed countries was conducted...
January 13, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087545/predictors-of-public-support-for-nutrition-focused-policy-systems-and-environmental-change-strategies-in-los-angeles-county-2013
#2
Brenda Robles, Tony Kuo
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, federal and local agencies have invested broadly in a variety of nutrition-focused policy, systems and environmental change (PSE) initiatives in Los Angeles County (LAC). To date, little is known about whether the public supports such efforts. We address this gap in the literature by examining predictors of support for a variety of PSEs. METHODS: Voters residing in LAC (n=1007) were randomly selected to participate in a cross-sectional telephone survey commissioned by the LAC Department of Public Health...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086890/feasibility-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-the-heyman-healthy-lifestyle-program-for-young-men-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Lee M Ashton, Philip J Morgan, Melinda J Hutchesson, Megan E Rollo, Clare E Collins
BACKGROUND: In young men, unhealthy lifestyle behaviours can be detrimental to their physical and/or mental health and set them on a negative health trajectory into adulthood. Despite this, there is a lack of evidence to guide development of effective health behaviour change interventions for young men. This study assessed the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the 'HEYMAN' (Harnessing Ehealth to enhance Young men's Mental health, Activity and Nutrition) healthy lifestyle program for young men...
January 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079005/dendritic-cells-modulate-iron-homeostasis-and-inflammatory-abilities-following-quercetin-exposure
#4
Vanessa Galleggiante, Stefania De Santis, Elisabetta Cavalcanti, Aurelia Scarano, Maria De Benedictis, Grazia Serino, Maria Lucia Caruso, Mauro Mastronardi, Aldo Pinto, Pietro Campiglia, Dale Kunde, Angelo Santino, Marcello Chieppa
BACKGROUND: Fruit and vegetables are rich in plant polyphenols, whose consumption is encouraged in healthy dietary regimes due to their antioxidants and anti-inflammatory effects. These organic molecules exhibit numerous properties including phylochelation; the ability to create complex with metal ions. Among polyphenols, we focused our attention to quercetin that previously demonstrated its ability to reduce dendritic cells (DCs) inflammatory cytokine secretion and antigen presentation following LPS exposure...
January 12, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078750/metabolic-adaptation-of-colonic-microbiota-to-galactooligosaccharides-a-proof-of-concept-study
#5
M Mego, C Manichanh, A Accarino, D Campos, M Pozuelo, E Varela, J Vulevic, G Tzortzis, G Gibson, F Guarner, F Azpiroz
BACKGROUND: Prebiotics have been shown to reduce abdominal symptoms in patients with functional gut disorders, despite that they are fermented by colonic bacteria and may induce gas-related symptoms. AIM: To investigate changes in the metabolic activity of gut microbiota induced by a recognised prebiotic. METHODS: Healthy subjects (n = 20) were given a prebiotic (2.8 g/day HOST-G904, HOST Therabiomics, Jersey, Channel Islands) for 3 weeks...
January 12, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078657/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-dietary-intake-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index-bmi-among-cancer-survivors-2005-and-2010-national-health-interview-surveys-nhis
#6
Doratha A Byrd, Tanya Agurs-Collins, David Berrigan, Richard Lee, Frances E Thompson
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports racial/ethnic differences in mean dietary and alcohol intake, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI) among cancer survivors and examines adherence to the American Cancer Society and the US Dietary Guidelines for Americans. METHODS: Data are from the cross-sectional 2005 and 2010 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS). The total sample of cancer survivors (N = 3367) included non-Hispanic Whites (NHW; N = 2698), non-Hispanic Blacks (NHBs; N = 379), and Hispanics (N = 290)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077732/high-protein-and-high-dietary-fiber-breakfasts-result-in-equal-feelings-of-fullness-and-better-diet-quality-in-low-income-preschoolers-compared-with-their-usual-breakfast
#7
Sibylle Kranz, Mary Brauchla, Wayne W Campbell, Rickard D Mattes, Amy J Schwichtenberg
BACKGROUND: In the United States, 17% of children are currently obese. Increasing feelings of fullness may prevent excessive energy intake, lead to better diet quality, and promote long-term maintenance of healthy weight. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a fullness-rating tool (aim 1) and to determine whether a high-protein (HP), high-fiber (HF), and combined HP and HF (HPHF) breakfast increases preschoolers' feelings of fullness before (pre) and after (post) breakfast and pre-lunch, as well as their diet quality, as measured by using a composite diet quality assessment tool, the Revised Children's Diet Quality Index (aim 2)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077199/legume-consumption-and-cvd-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Stefano Marventano, Maria Izquierdo Pulido, Claudia Sánchez-González, Justyna Godos, Attilio Speciani, Fabio Galvano, Giuseppe Grosso
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to systematically review and perform a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies exploring the association between dietary legume consumption and CVD risk, including CHD and stroke. DESIGN: The PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched up to December 2015. A meta-analysis of the highest v. lowest (reference) category of dietary legume consumption was performed through random-effects models. RESULTS: Fourteen studies conducted on eleven cohorts and accounting for a total of 367 000 individuals and 18 475 cases of CVD (7451 CHD and 6336 stroke cases) were considered for the analyses...
February 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076487/technological-information-regarding-prebiotics-and-probiotics-nutrition-versus-the-patent-registers-what-is-new
#9
José Maciel Caldas Dos Reis, Maurício Fortuna Pinheiro, André Takashi Oti, Denilson José Silva Feitosa-Junior, Mauro de Souza Pantoja, Rui Sérgio Monteiro Barros
Introduction: Food is a key factor both in prevention and in promoting human health. Among the functional food are highlighted probiotics and prebiotics. Patent databases are the main source of technological information about innovation worldwide, providing extensive library for research sector. Objective: Perform mapping in the main patent databases about pre and probiotics, seeking relevant information regarding the use of biotechnology, nanotechnology and genetic engineering in the production of these foods...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075418/serum-polychlorinated-biphenyls-increase-and-oxidative-stress-decreases-with-a-protein-pacing-caloric-restriction-diet-in-obese-men-and-women
#10
Feng He, Li Zuo, Emery Ward, Paul J Arciero
The purposes were to compare the effects of a: (1) 12-week P-CR weight loss (WL) diet (Phase 1) between obese men and women and; (2) 52-week modified P-CR (mP-CR) vs. heart healthy (HH) weight maintenance (WM) diet (Phase 2) on serum PCBs and oxidative stress biomarkers (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, TBARS; total antioxidant capacity, TAC) in 40 obese participants (men, n = 21; women, n = 19). Participants received dietary counseling and monitoring of compliance. PCBs, TBARS, and TAC were assessed at weeks -1 (CON), 12 (WL), and 64 (WM)...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075355/the-csiro-healthy-diet-score-an-online-survey-to-estimate-compliance-with-the-australian-dietary-guidelines
#11
Gilly A Hendrie, Danielle Baird, Rebecca K Golley, Manny Noakes
There are few dietary assessment tools that are scientifically developed and freely available online. The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Healthy Diet Score survey asks questions about the quantity, quality, and variety of foods consumed. On completion, individuals receive a personalised Diet Score-reflecting their overall compliance with the Australian Dietary Guidelines. Over 145,000 Australians have completed the survey since it was launched in May 2015. The average Diet Score was 58...
January 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074767/-diet-consisting-mainly-of-sunflower-seeds-and-chicken-as-the-cause-of-small-bowel-obstruction-in-a-bodybuilder
#12
Tine Thorup, Rasmus Fabricius
Diet-induced small bowel obstruction is a rare condition in young, healthy patients. We describe a case of a 26-year-old man, who presented with acute small bowel obstruction. During a period of eight days prior to admission the patient had been eating an extremely restricted diet along with a regulated intake of fluids. The diet was part of a preparation for a major fitness contest. We chose a conservative treatment of IV fluids and laxatives, and the patient recovered uneventfully.
January 9, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074329/dietary-adequacy-of-egyptian-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-compared-to-healthy-developing-children
#13
Nagwa A Meguid, Mona Anwar, Geir Bjørklund, Adel Hashish, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Maha Hemimi, Eman Sultan
Although the etiology and pathology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is still poorly understood, a number of environmental, anthropological, neurobiological and genetic factors have been related to the pathophysiology of ASD, even the impact of oxidative stress response related to the environment and nutrition intake. Usual recommended dietary habits are based on the combination of behavioral and dietary or nutraceutical interventions together with pharmacotherapy. Investigations about a reliable relationship between diet and ASD are still lacking...
January 10, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073813/association-between-the-healthy-eating-index-2010-and-nutrient-and-energy-densities-of-german-households-food-purchases
#14
Jonas Peltner, Silke Thiele
BACKGROUND: The USDA Healthy Eating Index (HEI) is used widely to measure diet quality because it allows a number of different applications. Although several evaluations of the HEI-2010 have already been carried out, there is lack of those which focus on associations between the HEI and nutrient intakes. This study updates and expands upon previous findings on these associations. METHODS: Using German consumption data, where ∼12 million purchases from 13 131 households are recorded, HEI-2010 total and individual scores, as well as several energy and nutrient densities were calculated...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073414/-protective-effect-of-saccharomyces-boulardii-against-intestinal-mucosal-barrier-injury-in-rats-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#15
Y T Liu, Y Q Li, Y Z Wang
Objective: To investigate the protective effect of Saccharomyces boulardii against intestinal mucosal barrier injury in rats with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods: A total of 36 healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats with a mean body weight of 180±20 g were randomly divided into control group, model group, and treatment group, with 12 rats in each group, after adaptive feeding for 1 week. The rats in the control group were given basic feed, and those in the model group and treatment group were given high-fat feed...
December 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072926/relationship-between-marital-transitions-health-behaviors-and-health-indicators-of-postmenopausal-women-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative
#16
Randa M Kutob, Nicole P Yuan, Betsy C Wertheim, David A Sbarra, Eric B Loucks, Rami Nassir, Gihan Bareh, Mimi M Kim, Linda G Snetselaar, Cynthia A Thomson
BACKGROUND: Historically, marital status has been associated with lower mortality and transitions into marriage were generally accompanied by improved health status. Conversely, divorce has been associated with increased mortality, possibly mediated by changes in health behaviors. METHODS: This study uses data from a prospective cohort of 79,094 postmenopausal women participating in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS) to examine the relationship between marital transition and health indicators (blood pressure, waist circumference, body mass index [BMI]) as well as health behaviors (diet pattern, alcohol use, physical activity, and smoking) in a sample of relatively healthy and employed women...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072882/impact-of-dietary-protein-concentration-and-quality-on-immune-function-of-cats
#17
Nadine Paßlack, Barbara Kohn, Marcus G Doherr, Jürgen Zentek
Protein levels and quality in cat food can vary significantly and might affect immune function in various ways. In the present study, 3 diets with a low protein quality (LQ) and 3 diets with a high protein quality (HQ) were offered to 10 healthy adult cats for 6 weeks each, using a randomized cross-over design. The LQ and HQ diets differed in the collagen content and had low (36.7% and 36.2%), medium (45.0% and 43.3%) and high (56.1% and 54.9%) protein levels. At the end of each feeding period, blood was collected for phenotyping of leukocyte subsets, lymphocyte proliferation assay and cytokine measurements, phagocytosis assay and differential blood count...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071959/tenfold-risk-increase-of-major-cardiovascular-events-after-high-limb-amputation-with-non-compliance-for-secondary-prevention-measures
#18
Evgeniya V Shalaeva, Hugo Saner, Bakhtiyor B Janabaev, Aleksandra V Shalaeva
Background The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of compliance with lifestyle recommendations and medication on 1-year prevention of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) after trans-femoral amputation (TFA). Methods In this prospective single-center interventional cohort study, 179 consecutive T2D patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) underwent 1-year follow-up examination after TFA in 2013. Lower limb and coronary artery CT angiography were provided before surgery; physical examination and laboratory tests were performed at baseline and every month after TFA for 1 year...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071023/effect-of-food-processing-on-the-physicochemical-properties-of-dietary-fibre
#19
Vasfiye Hazal Ozyurt, Semih Ötles
Products derived from the manufacturing or processing of plant based foods: cereals, fruits, vegetables, as well as algae, are sources of abundant dietary fibre. Diets high in dietary fibre have been associated with the reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and gastrointestinal disorders. These fibre-rich products and byproducts can also fortify foods, increase their dietary fibre content and result in healthy products, low in calories, cholesterol and fat. Traditionally, consumers have chosen foods such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables as sources of dietary fibre...
July 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071016/the-antioxidant-and-phenolic-profiles-of-five-green-vegetables-grown-in-southern-nigeria
#20
Abiola M Adeosun, Osasenaga M Ighodaro, Abiola O Aminu, Aminat I Ogunlana
BACKGROUND: Regular consumption of vegetables has been associated with reduced risk of chronic diseases. The phenolic and free radical scavenging properties of five green vegetables grown in southern Nigeria were determined. METHODS: The phenolic and antioxidant profile of African spinach, bitter leaf, jute leaf, scent leaf and water leaf harvested in the month of August were assessed using standard protocols. RESULTS: The total phenolic content (GAE mg/100 g) of the fresh vegetables ranges from 738...
October 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
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