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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458053/circulating-bile-acids-in-healthy-adults-respond-differently-to-a-dietary-pattern-characterized-by-whole-grains-legumes-and-fruits-and-vegetables-compared-to-a-diet-high-in-refined-grains-and-added-sugars-a-randomized-controlled-crossover-feeding-study
#1
Bigina N R Ginos, Sandi L Navarro, Yvonne Schwarz, Haiwei Gu, Dongfang Wang, Timothy W Randolph, Ali Shojaie, Meredith A J Hullar, Paul D Lampe, Mario Kratz, Marian L Neuhouser, Daniel Raftery, Johanna W Lampe
OBJECTIVE: The effects of diets high in refined grains on biliary and colonic bile acids have been investigated extensively. However, the effects of diets high in whole versus refined grains on circulating bile acids, which can influence glucose homeostasis and inflammation through activation of farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and G protein-coupled bile acid receptor 1 (TGR5), have not been studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis from a randomized controlled crossover feeding trial (NCT00622661) in 80 healthy adults (40 women/40 men, age 18-45 years) from the greater Seattle Area, half of which were normal weight (BMI 18...
February 16, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457204/prevention-and-management-of-childhood-obesity
#2
Aashima Dabas, Anju Seth
Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456780/attitudes-of-jordanian-adolescent-students-toward-overweight-and-obesity
#3
Nesrin N Abu Baker, Nahla Al-Ali, Ranyah Al-Ajlouni
Background: Obesity is a serious public health problem especially among adolescents. Understanding adolescents' attitudes toward obesity and healthy lifestyle is a crucial step to develop effective health programs to treat and prevent obesity. Objectives: To examine the attitudes toward overweight and obesity among Jordanian adolescent students and to identify the components of obesity prevention program that the students perceive as important. Methods: A sample of 1000 students in 8th to 10th grades was randomly selected from 16 schools in Irbid, Jordan...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456025/effectiveness-of-user-and-expert-driven-web-based-hypertension-programs-an-rct
#4
Sam Liu, Dina Brooks, Scott G Thomas, Gunther Eysenbach, Robert P Nolan
INTRODUCTION: The effectiveness of self-guided Internet-based lifestyle counseling (e-counseling) varies, depending on treatment protocol. Two dominant procedures in e-counseling are expert- and user-driven. The influence of these procedures on hypertension management remains unclear. The objective was to assess whether blood pressure improved with expert-driven or user-driven e-counseling over control intervention in patients with hypertension over a 4-month period. STUDY DESIGN: This study used a three-parallel group, double-blind randomized controlled design...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454883/obesity-or-diet-levels-and-determinants-of-phthalate-body-burden-a-case-study-on-portuguese-children
#5
Luísa Correia-Sá, Monika Kasper-Sonnenberg, Claudia Pälmke, André Schütze, Sónia Norberto, Conceição Calhau, Valentina F Domingues, Holger M Koch
In this study we analyzed one of the most comprehensive sets of 21 urinary phthalate metabolites representing exposure to 11 parent phthalates (DEP, DMP, DiBP, DnBP, BBzP, DEHP, DiNP, DiDP, DCHP, DnPeP, DnOP) in first morning urine samples of 112 Portuguese children (4-18 years) sampled in 2014/15. The study population consisted of two groups: group 1 with normal weight/underweight children (N = 43) following their regular diet and group 2 with obese/overweight children (N = 69) following a healthy diet (with nutritional counselling)...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452584/high-phosphorus-intake-and-gut-related-parameters-results-of-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-human-intervention-study
#6
Ulrike Trautvetter, Amélia Camarinha-Silva, Gerhard Jahreis, Stefan Lorkowski, Michael Glei
BACKGROUND: In recent years, high phosphate intakes were discussed critically. In the small intestine, a part of the ingested phosphate and calcium precipitates to amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP), which in turn can precipitate other intestinal substances, thus leading to a beneficial modulation of the intestinal environment. Therefore, we analysed faecal samples obtained from a human intervention study regarding gut-related parameters. METHODS: Sixty-two healthy subjects (men, n = 30; women, n = 32) completed the double-blind, placebo-controlled and parallel designed study (mean age: 29 ± 7 years; mean BMI: 24 ± 3 kg/m 2 )...
February 16, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451364/the-prevalence-of-celiac-disease-in-adult-chinese-patients-with-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-of-china-a-prospective-controlled-cohort-study
#7
Guanjun Kou, Jing Guo, Xiuli Zuo, Changqing Li, Chao Liu, Rui Ji, Han Liu, Xiao Wang, Yanqing Li
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory enteropathy with a symptom spectrum similar to that of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). CD is a common, but largely undiagnosed, condition in Western countries. However, it is extremely rare among Chinese people, and few studies have evaluated its prevalence in China. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of CD in IBS patients diagnosed using the Rome III criteria in North China. METHODS: This was a single-center, prospective, controlled cohort study performed in Qilu Hospital involving 246 IBS patients and 246 healthy controls...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449958/a-mobile-phone-based-program-to-promote-healthy-behaviors-among-adults-with-prediabetes-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Dina H Griauzde, Jeffrey T Kullgren, Brad Liestenfeltz, Caroline Richardson, Michele Heisler
Background: Rates of participation in Diabetes Prevention Programs (DPPs) are low. This may be due, in part, to low levels of autonomous motivation (i.e., motivation that arises from internal sources and sustains healthy behaviors over time) to prevent type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among many individuals with prediabetes. Mobile health (mHealth) technologies that incorporate principles from the Self-Determination Theory offer an effective and scalable approach to increase autonomous motivation levels...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449952/variations-of-dietary-intake-by-glycemic-status-and-hispanic-latino-heritage-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#9
Sarah S Casagrande, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Larissa Avilés-Santa, Matthew J O'Brien, Cristina Palacios, Cynthia M Pérez, Samantha A Reina, Xueyin Wang, Qibin Qi, Aida L Giachello, Rebeca A Espinoza Giacinto, Catherine C Cowie
Objective: A healthy diet is important for diabetes prevention and control; however, few studies have assessed dietary intake among US Hispanics/Latinos, a diverse population with a significant burden of diabetes. To address this gap in the literature, we determined intake of energy, macro/micronutrients, and vitamin supplements among Hispanics/Latinos by glycemic status and heritage. Research design and methods: Cross-sectional study of adults aged 18-74 years from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (2008-2011) with complete baseline data on glycemic status and two 24-hour dietary recalls (n=13 089)...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449097/-the-unhealthy-other-how-vaccine-rejecting-parents-construct-the-vaccinating-mainstream
#10
Katie Attwell, David T Smith, Paul R Ward
To address the phenomenon of vaccine hesitancy and rejection, researchers increasingly recognise the need to engage with the social context of parents' decision-making. This study examines how vaccine rejecting parents socially construct the vaccinating mainstream in opposition to themselves. We analyse qualitative data from interviews with parents in Adelaide, South Australia. Applying insights from Social Identity Theory (SIT), we show how these parents bolster their own sense of identity and self-belief by employing a discourse that casts vaccinators as an Unhealthy Other...
February 12, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446437/effects-of-total-fat-intake-on-bodyweight-in-children
#11
REVIEW
Celeste E Naude, Marianne E Visser, Kim A Nguyen, Solange Durao, Anel Schoonees
BACKGROUND: As part of efforts to prevent childhood overweight and obesity, we need to understand the relationship between total fat intake and body fatness in generally healthy children. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of total fat intake on measures of weight and body fatness in children and young people not aiming to lose weight. SEARCH METHODS: For this update we revised the previous search strategy and ran it over all years in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE (Ovid), MEDLINE (PubMed), and Embase (Ovid) (current to 23 May 2017)...
February 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444678/the-wild-taxa-utilized-as-vegetables-in-sicily-italy-a-traditional-component-of-the-mediterranean-diet
#12
Anna Geraci, Filippo Amato, Giuseppe Di Noto, Giuseppe Bazan, Rosario Schicchi
BACKGROUND: Wild vegetables in the Mediterranean Basin are still often consumed as a part of the diet and, in particular, there is a great tradition regarding their use in Sicily. In this study, an ethnobotanical field investigation was carried out to (a) identify the wild native taxa traditionally gathered and consumed as vegetables in Sicily, comparing the collected ethnobotanical data with those of other countries that have nominated the Mediterranean diet for inclusion in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity and (b) highlight new culinary uses of these plants...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444610/evaluation-of-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-in-medical-students-at-kocaeli-university-turkey
#13
Canan Baydemir, Emrah Gokay Ozgur, Sibel Balci
Introduction This study was conducted to evaluate the eating habits of medical students at Kocaeli University in northwest Turkey in terms of their ability to apply their academic knowledge regarding healthy lifestyles to their own lives using the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED). Methods In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire including demographic information and the KIDMED index was administered to 354 medical school students (206 first-year and 148 third-year students). The students' sex, body mass index, KIDMED score, place of residence, smoking habit, media screen time, and regular exercising variables were evaluated...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444583/barriers-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-for-three-to-four-year-old-children-of-australian-born-and-overseas-born-mothers-with-post-gestational-diabetes-an-australian-qualitative-study
#14
Tehzeeb Zulfiqar, Christopher J Nolan, Cathy Banwell, Rosemary Young, Lynelle Boisseau, Martha Ingle, Fiona E Lithander
Children of mothers affected by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at higher risk of long-term cardio-metabolic diseases. We explore the diet and physical activity knowledge and practices of Australian-born and overseas-born mothers with GDM history, for their three- to four-year-old children following antenatal health promotion education at a tertiary hospital. We conducted face-to-face, semi-structured interviews with 8 Australian-born and 15 overseas-born mothers with a history of GDM. Findings indicated that mothers of both groups were unaware of the increased health risks of their GDM for their children and could not recall receiving specific dietary or physical activity advice aimed at future child health...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444293/the-som-la-pera-intervention-sustainability-capacity-evaluation-of-a-peer-led-social-marketing-intervention-to-encourage-healthy-lifestyles-among-adolescents
#15
Elisabet Llauradó, Magaly Aceves-Martins, Lucia Tarro, Ignasi Papell-Garcia, Francesc Puiggròs, Jordi Prades-Tena, Helle Kettner, Lluis Arola, Montse Giralt, Rosa Solà
Sustainability capacity, always considered a challenge, is the ability to maintain effective long-term intervention in a community. The aim of the study was to improve the sustainability capacity of effective "Som la Pera," a school-based, peer-led, social-marketing intervention that encourages healthy diet and physical activity, in low socioeconomic adolescents from Spain. The sustainability capacity was analyzed by a "programme sustainability assessment tool (PSAT)" comprising eight domains: political support, funding stability, partnerships, organizational capacity, programme evaluation, programme adaptation, communications, and strategic planning...
February 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444230/social-movement-involvement-and-healthy-diet-and-activity-behaviors-among-us-adults
#16
Elizabeth A Emley, Dara R Musher-Eizenman
Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors, namely poor diet and inadequate physical activity, significantly contribute to poor health and obesity risk, which in turn impact chronic illness outcomes. A possible approach to improving these health behaviors and subsequent outcomes is to capitalize on the theorized link between social movement involvement and overlapping health behaviors. Social movement involvement may be a viable stealth intervention for health, utilizing intrinsic motivators to improve health without an explicit focus on changing health behavior...
February 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443533/the-effects-of-a-yoga-exercise-and-nutritional-guidance-program-on-pregnancy-outcomes-among-healthy-pregnant-japanese-women-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Masayo Matsuzaki, Momoko Kusaka, Takashi Sugimoto, Mie Shiraishi, Risa Kobayashi, Sachi Watanabe, Megumi Haruna
OBJECTIVES: This report provides an experimental protocol for a study designed to verify the effects of yoga exercise and a nutritional guidance program during pregnancy on several key pregnancy and birth outcomes among Japanese women. DESIGN: This is a study protocol of a randomized controlled trial. SETTING/LOCATION: This intervention will be carried out in a university hospital in Tokyo. SUBJECTS: Healthy primiparous women will be recruited at 18-23 gestational weeks in the hospital...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442460/do-medical-students-adhere-to-advice-regarding-a-healthy-lifestyle-a-pilot-study-of-bmi-and-some-aspects-of-lifestyle-in-medical-students-in-poland
#18
Dominika Kanikowska, Dorota Sikorska, Barbara Kuczyńska, Marian Grzymisławski, Andrzej Bręborowicz, Janusz Witowski
BACKGROUND: The components of lifestyle of medical students, with comprehensive reporting of their physical activity and drinking and eating behavior, are rarely evaluated. Being overweight (increased body mass index - BMI) is associated with health problems, an unhealthy lifestyle (inadequate sleep, diet and exercise) being implicated. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to determine if there were discrepancies between assessments of actual lifestyle and advice regarding the principles of a healthy lifestyle...
December 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441711/effects-of-residential-summer-camp-on-body-mass-index-and-body-composition-in-type-1-diabetes
#19
Jon D Oden, Brian Franklin, Ernesto Fernandez, Soumya Adhikari, Perrin C White
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) and fat mass may be higher in children with diabetes compared to healthy peers. It is not certain how diabetic children respond to exercise and diet interventions. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of summer camp on BMI and body composition in children with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Five hundred eighty-six children (5-19 years, 518 with type 1 diabetes, 68 without diabetes) were followed while attending camp...
February 13, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441408/macronutrient-composition-and-food-groups-associated-with-gestational-weight-gain-the-gusto-study
#20
Jun S Lai, Shu E Soh, See Ling Loy, Marjorelee Colega, Michael S Kramer, Jerry K Y Chan, Thiam Chye Tan, Lynnette P C Shek, Fabian K P Yap, Kok Hian Tan, Keith M Godfrey, Yap Seng Chong, Mary F F Chong
PURPOSE: To examine the associations of energy, macronutrient and food intakes with GWG on 960 pregnant women from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) mother-offspring cohort. METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed at 26-28 weeks' gestation with a 24-hour recall and 3-day food diary. GWG z-scores were calculated from first (4-13 weeks' gestation) and last (30-40 weeks gestation) measured weights; inadequate and excessive GWG were defined using the Institute of Medicine recommendations based on weights between 15 and 35 weeks' gestation...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
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