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"muscle strength" and "pulmonary rehabilitation"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220368/adherence-to-home-based-inspiratory-muscle-training-in-individuals-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
Dorthe Sørensen, Helle Svenningsen
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an incurable progressive illness characterized by airflow limitation and respiratory failure. Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) combined with pulmonary rehabilitation increases inspiratory muscle strength and endurance, and it decreases dyspnoea. Little is known about IMT adherence, and in the present study, we aimed to evaluate adherence to home-based IMT used with automatic internet-based feedback, in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
October 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914940/randomised-controlled-trial-of-adjunctive-inspiratory-muscle-training-for-patients-with-copd
#2
Noppawan Charususin, Rik Gosselink, Marc Decramer, Heleen Demeyer, Alison McConnell, Didier Saey, François Maltais, Eric Derom, Stefanie Vermeersch, Yvonne F Heijdra, Hanneke van Helvoort, Linda Garms, Tessa Schneeberger, Klaus Kenn, Rainer Gloeckl, Daniel Langer
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate whether adjunctive inspiratory muscle training (IMT) can enhance the well-established benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in patients with COPD. METHODS: 219 patients with COPD (FEV1 : 42%±16% predicted) with inspiratory muscle weakness (PImax: 51±15 cm H2 O) were randomised into an intervention group (IMT+PR; n=110) or a control group (Sham-IMT+PR; n=109) in this double-blind, multicentre randomised controlled trial between February 2012 and October 2016 (ClinicalTrials...
October 2018: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805258/effectiveness-of-a-perioperative-pulmonary-rehabilitation-program-following-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-in-patients-with-and-without-copd
#3
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jui-O Chen, Jui-Fang Liu, Yu-Qi Liu, Yu-Mu Chen, Mei-Lien Tu, Hong-Ren Yu, Meng-Chih Lin, Chiu-Chu Lin, Shih-Feng Liu
Purpose: It is unclear whether the effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation program (PRP) after cardiac surgery differs between patients with and without COPD. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of PRP between patients with and without COPD undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Patients and methods: We retrospectively included patients who underwent CABG surgery and received 3-week PRP from January 2009 to December 2013. We excluded patients who underwent emergency surgery, had an unstable hemodynamic status, were ventilator dependent or did not complete the PRP...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665262/effects-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-in-copd-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Marc Beaumont, Patrice Forget, Francis Couturaud, Gregory Reychler
OBJECTIVES: In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), quality of life and exercise capacity are altered in relationship to dyspnea. Benefits of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on quality of life, dyspnea, and exercise capacity were demonstrated, but when it is associated to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), its efficacy on dyspnea is not demonstrated. The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to verify the effect of IMT using threshold devices in COPD patients on dyspnea, quality of life, exercise capacity, and inspiratory muscles strength, and the added effect on dyspnea of IMT associated with PR (vs...
July 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401114/efficacy-of-a-structured-exercise-program-for-improving-functional-capacity-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-stage-3-and-4-sarcoidosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Ilknur Naz, Sevgi Ozalevli, Serir Ozkan, Hulya Sahin
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effects of an exercise program on functional capacity and quality of life in patients with stage 3 and stage 4 sarcoidosis. METHODS: Eighteen patients with stage 3 and 4 sarcoidosis were recruited; 9 received 12 wk of supervised exercise training and 9 received usual care. Patients underwent the following evaluations at baseline and follow-up: 6-min walk test, maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure tests, back and leg dynamometer test, modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, St George Respiratory Questionnaire, Short Form-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Questionnaire, body plethysmography, carbon monoxide diffusing capacity test, and blood gas analysis...
March 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371382/inspiratory-muscle-training-does-not-improve-clinical-outcomes-in-3-week-copd-rehabilitation-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Konrad Schultz, Danijel Jelusic, Michael Wittmann, Benjamin Krämer, Veronika Huber, Sebastian Fuchs, Nicola Lehbert, Silke Wingart, Dragan Stojanovic, Oliver Göhl, Harma J Alma, Corina de Jong, Thys van der Molen, Hermann Faller, Michael Schuler
The value of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in pulmonary rehabilitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is unclear. The RIMTCORE (Routine Inspiratory Muscle Training within COPD Rehabilitation) randomised controlled trial examined the effectiveness of IMT added to pulmonary rehabilitation.In total, 611 COPD patients (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease stage II-IV) received a 3-week inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation, of which 602 patients were included in the intention-to-treat analyses...
January 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340496/effects-of-simple-long-term-respiratory-care-strategies-in-older-men-with-copd
#7
Fabrício Zambom-Ferraresi, Pilar Cebollero, Javier Hueto, María Hernández, José Cascante, María Milagros Antón
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a 24-month supervised, community-based maintenance exercise program after 3 months of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in comparison with a 27-month physical activity counseling program, in terms of the effects on maximal muscle strength, muscle power output, and exercise capacity, in individuals with COPD. METHODS: Sixty-three men with moderate-to-severe COPD were recruited from two previous studies. Of those 63 participants, 31 were offered 3 months of PR followed by a 24-month supervised maintenance exercise program (24MME group) and 32 were offered a 27-month physical activity counseling program (27MPAC group)...
November 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210749/pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-acute-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-exacerbations-is-the-evidence-strengthening
#8
Lissa Spencer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This manuscript aims to review the most recent evidence about the benefits of early pulmonary rehabilitation commenced during an acute exacerbation in people with COPD (AECOPD). RECENT FINDINGS: A number of RCTs and an observational study, published between 2015 and 2017, have used different exercise interventions compared with usual medical care in people with moderate-to-severe COPD during an AECOPD. The results show short-term improvement in walking distance, muscle strength, quality of life and anxiety and depression...
March 2018: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184398/the-role-of-pain-in-pulmonary-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-study
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
Samantha L Harrison, Annemarie L Lee, Helene L Elliott-Button, Rebecca Shea, Roger S Goldstein, Dina Brooks, Cormac G Ryan, Denis J Martin
Introduction: One third of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) report pain. To help inform a COPD-specific pain intervention, we explored the views of health care providers (HCPs) and individuals with COPD on pain during pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). Methods: This is a qualitative study using inductive thematic analysis. Eighteen HCPs familiar with PR and 19 patients enrolled in PR participated in semi-structured interviews. Demographic data were recorded, and the patients completed the Brief Pain Inventory (Short Form)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076609/effects-of-home-based-lower-limb-resistance-training-on-muscle-strength-and-functional-status-in-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yi Chen, Mei'e Niu, Xiuqin Zhang, Hongying Qian, Anwei Xie, Xiya Wang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the effect of home-based lower limb resistance training (LLRT) in patients with stable COPD. BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in COPD patients has been substantially investigated, but the rehabilitation components differ among studies. Few works have focused on home-based LLRT. Furthermore, few studies have assessed muscle strength and functional status by isokinetic/isometric extensor muscle peak torque (PT) and five-repetition sit-to-stand test (FTSST), respectively...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071072/effect-of-high-flow-nasal-therapy-during-acute-aerobic-exercise-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-after-exacerbation-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-cross-over-trial
#11
Guillaume Prieur, Clement Medrinal, Yann Combret, Aurora Robledo Quesada, Fabrice Prieur, Jean Quieffin, Jean Christian Borel, Gregory Reychler
INTRODUCTION: Early pulmonary rehabilitation is recommended after a severe exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, this is difficult to implement, particularly for exercise training. High-flow nasal therapy (HFNT) may reduce the work of breathing and dyspnoea and may improve exercise tolerance. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a single-centre, prospective, controlled, randomised, cross-over study. Eligible patients will have a diagnosis of COPD (postbronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity ratio of <0...
2017: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919733/cycle-ergometer-and-inspiratory-muscle-training-offer-modest-benefit-compared-with-cycle-ergometer-alone-a-comprehensive-assessment-in-stable-copd-patients
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kai Wang, Guang-Qiao Zeng, Rui Li, Yu-Wen Luo, Mei Wang, Yu-He Hu, Wen-Hui Xu, Lu-Qian Zhou, Rong-Chang Chen, Xin Chen
BACKGROUND: Cycle ergometer training (CET) has been shown to improve exercise performance of the quadriceps muscles in patients with COPD, and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) may improve the pressure-generating capacity of the inspiratory muscles. However, the effects of combined CET and IMT remain unclear and there is a lack of comprehensive assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-one patients with COPD were randomly allocated to three groups: 28 received 8 weeks of CET + IMT (combined training group), 27 received 8 weeks of CET alone (CET group), and 26 only received 8 weeks of free walking (control group)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869119/does-home-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-improve-functional-capacity-peripheral-muscle-strength-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-bronchiectasis-compared-to-standard-care
#13
Anderson José, Anne E Holland, Cristiane S de Oliveira, Jessyca P R Selman, Rejane A S de Castro, Rodrigo A Athanazio, Samia Z Rached, Alberto Cukier, Rafael Stelmach, Simone Dal Corso
BACKGROUND: Home-based pulmonary rehabilitation is a promising intervention that may help patients to overcome the barriers to undergoing pulmonary rehabilitation. However, home-based pulmonary rehabilitation has not yet been investigated in patients with bronchiectasis. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of home-based pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with bronchiectasis. METHODS: An open-label, randomized controlled trial with 48 adult patients with bronchiectasis will be conducted...
November 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730888/preoperative-exercise-training-prevents-functional-decline-after-lung-resection-surgery-a-randomized-single-blind-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Raquel Sebio García, Maria Isabel Yáñez-Brage, Esther Giménez Moolhuyzen, Marta Salorio Riobo, Ana Lista Paz, Jose María Borro Mate
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of a preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation programme in patients with lung cancer undergoing video-assisted thoracic surgery. DESIGN: Randomized, single-blind controlled trial. SETTING: Teaching hospital. SUBJECTS: Patients with suspected or confirmed lung cancer undergoing video-assisted thoracic surgery. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized to either a prehabilitation group or a control group...
August 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635194/volitional-rehabilitative-assessments-in-patients-admitted-in-a-post-intensive-care-step-down-unit-a-feasibility-study
#15
Mara Paneroni, Francesco D' Abrosca, Georges Fokom, Laura Comini, Michele Vitacca
A high variability in functional tests and activities used during the pulmonary rehabilitation has been observed in post-intensive care unit (ICU) patients, and the best battery of tests to adopt has not been described yet. We tested in patients admitted in a post-ICU Step Down Unit the ability to perform the more frequent functional volitional tests. The relations of each single volitional test with general disability and dyspnea at discharge were also evaluated. Ten volitional tests including: bedside spirometry test (ST: FEV1%, FVC%), maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), Peak Expiratory Flow during Cough (PCEF), Quadriceps Muscle Strength (QMS), latissimus Dorsi and teres Major Strength (DMS), Brachial biceps Muscle Strength (BMS), effort tolerance measured by sit-to-stand test, Takahashi test and 6-Min Walking Test (6MWT), were evaluated in post-ICU patients at entry and discharge from in-hospital rehabilitation...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159852/effects-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-lung-transplant-candidates-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Mariana Hoffman, Gabriela Chaves, Giane Amorim Ribeiro-Samora, Raquel Rodrigues Britto, Verônica Franco Parreira
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and quasi-experimental and retrospective studies is to investigate the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in patients with advanced chronic disease on the waiting list for lung transplantation. SETTING: PR performed for inpatient or outpatient lung transplant candidates. INTERVENTION: PR programme including aerobic exercise training and/or resistance exercise training...
February 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923938/computerized-respiratory-sounds-novel-outcomes-for-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-copd
#17
Cristina Jácome, Alda Marques
BACKGROUND: Computerized respiratory sounds are a simple and noninvasive measure to assess lung function. Nevertheless, their potential to detect changes after pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is unknown and needs clarification if respiratory acoustics are to be used in clinical practice. Thus, this study investigated the short- and mid-term effects of PR on computerized respiratory sounds in subjects with COPD. METHODS: Forty-one subjects with COPD completed a 12-week PR program and a 3-month follow-up...
February 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846347/upper-limb-exercise-training-for-copd
#18
REVIEW
Zoe J McKeough, Marcelo Velloso, Vanessa P Lima, Jennifer A Alison
BACKGROUND: People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often experience difficulty with performing upper limb exercise due to dyspnoea and arm fatigue. Consequently, upper limb exercise training is typically incorporated in pulmonary rehabilitation programmes to improve upper limb exercise capacity; however, the effects of this training on dyspnoea and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of upper limb training (endurance or resistance training, or both) on symptoms of dyspnoea and HRQoL in people with COPD...
November 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821930/effects-of-fast-expiration-exercises-without-pressure-on-the-respiratory-muscle-strength-of-healthy-subjects
#19
Hiroshi Ishida, Yuri Kuramoto, Daiki Ikeda, Susumu Watanabe
[Purpose] The aim of this investigation was to determine the effects of 4 weeks of fast expiration exercises performed without pressure on respiratory muscle strength. [Subjects and Methods] Respiratory muscle strength of the training group that performed fast expiration exercises (n=12) was compared with that of a control group that performed no exercises (n=12). The fast expiration exercises were performed using a peak expiratory flow meter device and consisted of 20 fast expiration exercises performed 3 times per week for 4 weeks...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779550/short-and-long-term-effects-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-mild-copd-a-comparison-with-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-copd
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Cristina Jácome, Alda Marques
PURPOSE: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is effective in patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the effects of PR in patients with mild COPD have not yet been established. Thus, this study investigated the short- and long-term effects of PR in patients with mild COPD in comparison with patients with moderate to severe disease. METHODS: A total of 32 patients with mild (group 1) and 29 with moderate to severe (group 2) COPD completed the study...
November 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
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