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Eosinophilic peritonitis

Laila Karra, Roopesh Singh Gangwar, Revital Shamri, Pier Giorgio Puzzovio, Shahar Cohen-Mor, Bruce D Levy, Francesca Levi-Schaffer
CD300a is an inhibitory receptor for mast cells and eosinophils in allergic inflammation (AI); however, the spatiotemporal expression of CD300a and its potential roles in the resolution of AI are still to be determined. In this study, employing a mouse model of allergic peritonitis, we demonstrate that CD300a expression on peritoneal cells is regulated from inflammation to resolution. Allergic peritonitis-induced CD300a-/- mice had a rapid increase in their inflammatory cell infiltrates and tryptase content in the peritoneal cavity compared with wild type, and their resolution process was significantly delayed...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Samuel Philip Nobs, Merve Kayhan, Manfred Kopf
BACKGROUND: Eosinophils are a therapeutic target in asthma and GM-CSF has been suggested to control various aspects of eosinophil biology including development, function and survival. However, to date the role of GM-CSF signaling in eosinophils in vivo is largely unclear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to elucidate the role of GM-CSF signaling in asthmatic inflammation. METHODS: Wild-type and wild-type alveolar macrophage-reconstituted GM-CSF receptor α (Csf2ra)-deficient mice were subjected to different models of airway inflammation to evaluate the impact of GM-CSF signaling deficiency on asthmatic inflammation in general and on eosinophils in particular RESULTS: We demonstrate that GM-CSF signaling, while being largely dispensable for eosinophil development in steady-state, intrinsically promotes the accumulation of eosinophils in the lung during allergic airway inflammation...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Lilian C Heck, Matheus V Bianchi, Paula R Pereira, Marina P Lorenzett, Cíntia de Lorenzo, Saulo P Pavarini, David Driemeier, Luciana Sonne
Pythium insidiosum, an aquatic oomycete, causes chronic lesions in the skin and digestive tract of multiple species. A captive-bred Bactrian camel ( Camelus bactrianus) showed clinical signs of lethargy and weight loss in a clinical course of 30 days, with no response to treatment. At necropsy, the abdominal cavity had approximately 32 L of a yellow, turbid fluid with fibrin. The third compartment of the stomach (C-3) showed a focal area of rupture covered with fibrin. Close to this area, the C-3 wall was thickened and firm, demonstrating irregular, yellow, and friable areas on cut surface (kunkers)...
September 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
S M Tsai, Y Yan, H P Zhao, B Wu, L Zuo, M Wang
Peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis is recognized as a common complication of peritoneal dialysis. Eosinophilic peritonitis is a rare type of non-infection PD-related peritonitis. Eosinophilic peritonitis in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients was first reported in 1967. The cause of eosinophilic peritonitis is obscure, however it may be related to some etiologies: (1) hypersensitivity to PD materials, including catheter or dialysate; (2) bacteria, fungal or mycobacterium tuberculosis infection...
August 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Alexandria Smith-Hannah, Rana Naous
Clear cell variant of epithelioid mesothelioma is an extremely rare tumor with only isolated cases reported so far in the peritoneum. Here, we report a case of peritoneal epithelioid mesothelioma, clear cell variant, in a 63-year-old female patient with a novel VHL gene mutation and an unusual indolent clinical course. The patient, who has no clinical history of asbestos exposure, presented with a 27.2 cm upper abdominal mass and a 5.5 cm liver lesion. Retrospective review of the patient's abdominal CT scan 4 years ago showed two small abdominal lesions that were felt clinically to represent hemangiomas...
August 14, 2018: Human Pathology
Lei Shi, Qiu-Hong Jia, Fu-Jian Liu, Hang Guan, Zhi-Yong Jiang
According to Klein's classification system, the symptomatology of eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EG), a rare disease, differs based on the affected tissue layer. Patients with subserosal EG often have peritoneal effusion. Hemorrhagic ascites due to EG is extremely rare and has not been reported in the literature. Here, we report a 57-year-old woman with EG and massive hemorrhagic ascites. Laboratory investigations showed elevated peripheral eosinophils with significant eosinophilia (65.6%). Ultrasonography showed massive abdominal ascites...
July 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Takehito Kobayashi, Toru Noguchi, Kohei Saito, Fumitaka Shirasaki, Hirohito Kita, Makoto Nagata, Hirokazu Okada, Hidetomo Nakamoto
BACKGROUND: Renal replacement therapy is vital for patients with chronic renal failure. Each type of renal replacement therapy has its own characteristics, and patients select it according on their living environment or conception of quality of life. Under the recent medical environment in Japan, economic burden of dialysis is another concern. For patients with chronic renal failure, the outcome of dialysis is vital. How to prevent or control side effects and complications is also important...
2018: Contributions to Nephrology
Zivan M Babic, Filip Z Zunic, Jelena M Pantic, Gordana D Radosavljevic, Ivan P Jovanovic, Nebojsa N Arsenijevic, Miodrag L Lukic
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a life-threatening disease mediated by profound disturbances in systemic inflammatory response to infection. IL-33 is multifunctional regulator of numerous aspects of innate and adaptive immune response. The aim of this article was to further evaluate the role of IL-33 receptor (ST2) in different pathways of innate immunity during early polymicrobial sepsis. METHODS: Polymicrobial sepsis was induced using cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model in ST2 deficient (ST2-/- ) and wild type BALB/c mice...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Science
M T Ruiz-Campillo, V Molina-Hernández, J Pérez, I L Pacheco, R Pérez, A Escamilla, F J Martínez-Moreno, A Martínez-Moreno, R Zafra
During Fasciola hepatica infection, the parasite has the capability to modulate the host immune response towards a non-protector Th2 type instead of Th1. This type of immune response is closely related to the alternative activation of macrophages (M2 profile) as has been shown in vivo in murine models. In this study, an experiment was carried out in order to evaluate the expression of CD68, CD14, CD206 and iNOS in cells present in the peritoneal fluid of sheep during early stages of infection with F. hepatica (1, 3, 9 and 18 days post-infection, dpi) by immunocytochemistry...
June 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Lunhua Liu, Karen Etsuko Inouye, Windy Rose Allman, Adam Steven Coleman, Shafiuddin Siddiqui, Gökhan Siddik Hotamisligil, Mustafa Akkoyunlu
Transmembrane activator and calcium modulator and cyclophilin ligand interactor (TACI) is a receptor for the TNF superfamily cytokines, B cell-activating factor (BAFF), and A proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL). Here, we demonstrate that TACI-deficient mice subjected to high-fat diet (HFD) are protected from weight gain and dysregulated glucose homeostasis. Resistance to HFD-induced metabolic changes in TACI-deficient mice does not involve TACI-mediated adipogenesis. Instead, accumulation of M2 macrophages (Mϕs), eosinophils, and type 2 innate lymphoid cells in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is implicated in the protection from obesity-induced assaults...
August 2018: Diabetes
Marta Ossorio, Virginia Martínez, Maria-Auxiliadora Bajo, Gloria Del Peso, Maria-José Castro, Sara Romero, Rafael Selgas, Teresa Bellón
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is used as a renal replacement therapy, which can be limited by peritoneal membrane ultrafiltration failure (UFF) secondary to fibrotic processes. Peritonitis, a frequent complication of PD, is a major risk factor for peritoneal membrane fibrosis and UFF. Low peritoneal levels of the chemokine CCL18 are associated with preservation of peritoneal membrane function in PD. Given that CCL18 is involved in fibrotic processes and recurrent peritonitis, it is a risk factor for peritoneal membrane failure; thus, we evaluated CCL18 concentrations in peritoneal effluents from patients undergoing peritonitis episodes...
2018: BioMed Research International
X-M Wang, Z-Y Ma, N Song
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlations of inflammatory factors, interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10, IL-13 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and composition of bacterial flora in the peritoneal fluid with infertility in endometriosis patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 55 patients diagnosed with endometriosis and infertility in the Gynecology Clinic of our hospital from June 2014 to July 2017 were selected as observation group, and another 30 non-endometriosis and non-infertility patients were enrolled as control group...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
N Kambe, R Okabe, H Osada, M Ogawa, M Kishimoto, R Fukushima, H Kondo, K Ohmori
An entire, female, mixed-breed cat of unknown age was presented with a 6-week history of lethargy, anorexia and vomiting. There was an increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood, including neutrophils and eosinophils; moderate anaemia; ascites; and possible mesenteric peritonitis. Exploratory laparotomy revealed firm, multifocal small nodules in the mesentery. As the nodules were surgically unresectable, they were biopsied. Histologically, the nodules were composed of thin trabeculae of dense collagen fibres mixed with plump fibroblasts and numerous eosinophils, consistent with feline gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Joseph D Turner, Nicolas Pionnier, Julio Furlong-Silva, Hanna Sjoberg, Stephen Cross, Alice Halliday, Ana F Guimaraes, Darren A N Cook, Andrew Steven, Nico Van Rooijen, Judith E Allen, Stephen J Jenkins, Mark J Taylor
Eosinophils are effectors in immunity to tissue helminths but also induce allergic immunopathology. Mechanisms of eosinophilia in non-mucosal tissues during infection remain unresolved. Here we identify a pivotal function of tissue macrophages (Mϕ) in eosinophil anti-helminth immunity using a BALB/c mouse intra-peritoneal Brugia malayi filarial infection model. Eosinophilia, via C-C motif chemokine receptor (CCR)3, was necessary for immunity as CCR3 and eosinophil impairments rendered mice susceptible to chronic filarial infection...
March 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Naoki Takemura, Yosuke Kurashima, Yuki Mori, Kazuki Okada, Takayuki Ogino, Hideki Osawa, Hirosih Matsuno, Lamichhane Aayam, Satoshi Kaneto, Eun Jeong Park, Shintaro Sato, Kouta Matsunaga, Yusuke Tamura, Yasuo Ouchi, Yutaro Kumagai, Daichi Kobayashi, Yutaka Suzuki, Yoshichika Yoshioka, Junichi Nishimura, Masaki Mori, Ken J Ishii, Mark E Rothenberg, Hiroshi Kiyono, Shizuo Akira, Satoshi Uematsu
Radiation-induced intestinal fibrosis (RIF) is a serious complication after abdominal radiotherapy for pelvic tumor or peritoneal metastasis. Herein, we show that RIF is mediated by eosinophil interactions with α-smooth muscle actin-positive (α-SMA+ ) stromal cells. Abdominal irradiation caused RIF especially in the submucosa (SM) of the small intestine, which was associated with the excessive accumulation of eosinophils in both human and mouse. Eosinophil-deficient mice showed markedly ameliorated RIF, suggesting the importance of eosinophils...
February 21, 2018: Science Translational Medicine
Sandra N Freiberger, Deborah S Leuthard, Agathe Duda, Emmanuel Contassot, Michaela Thallmair, Thomas M Kündig, Pål Johansen
Vaccines typically come with adjuvants that trigger the innate immune system in order to prepare best possible inflammatory conditions as to allow the adaptive immune system to become activated, generally for the induction of antibodies. The oldest approved and most abundant immunological adjuvants are salts of aluminium, which are also frequently used in animal models of immunisation and allergy desensitization. In rodents, the intraperitoneal administration of aluminium adjuvants is commonly performed and considered safe...
March 30, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Sofie Van Den Broucke, Lore Pollaris, Greetje Vande Velde, Erik Verbeken, Benoit Nemery, Jeroen Vanoirbeek, Peter Hoet
Inhalation of commonly present irritants, such as chlorine and chlorine derivatives, can cause adverse respiratory effects, including irritant-induced asthma (IIA). We hypothesize that due to airway barrier impairment, exposure to hypochlorite (ClO- ) can result in airway hypersensitivity. C57Bl/6 mice received an intra-peritoneal (i.p.) injection of the airway damaging agent naphthalene (NA, 200 mg/kg body weight) or vehicle (mineral oil, MO). In vivo micro-computed tomography (CT) images of the lungs were acquired before and at regular time points after the i...
April 2018: Archives of Toxicology
K Okumura, T Kubota, A K Lefor, A Saito, K Mizokami
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between eosinophils in ascites and the diagnosis of intestinal anisakidosis in patients with peritoneal signs on physical examination. We reviewed retrospectively 16 patients diagnosed with intestinal anisakidosis, evaluated between 2012 and 2015. All patients had ingested raw anchovies. The analysis of ascites fluid in ten of these patients was compared with that of 15 patients with ascites and other abdominal pathology (except liver cirrhosis). All patients had an increased number of white blood cells in the ascites fluid...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Helminthology
Huiyun Zhang, Junling Wang, Ling Wang, Mengmeng Zhan, Shigang Li, Zeman Fang, Ciyan Xu, Yanshan Zheng, Shaoheng He
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chymase is a unique, abundant secretory product of mast cells and a potent chemoattractant for eosinophils, monocytes and neutrophils, but little is known of its influence on mast cell accumulation. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: A mouse peritoneal inflammation model, cell migration assay and flowcytometry analysis, were used to investigate the role of chymase in recruiting mast cells. KEY RESULTS: Chymase increased, by up to 5...
February 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
Shimrit Tzvi-Behr, Yaacov Frishberg, Efrat Ben-Shalom, Choni Rinat, Rachel Becker-Cohen
Icodextrin is a starch-derived glucose polymer used in peritoneal dialysis dialysate to treat volume overload by increasing ultrafiltration in patients with end-stage renal disease. Reported adverse reactions to icodextrin are mild and rare and mainly consist of skin rash that resolves spontaneously after discontinuation of treatment. We describe a young patient with extreme eosinophilia that appeared with the use of icodextrin, disappeared after its discontinuation, and reappeared after a rechallenge with the drug...
September 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
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