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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911458/spondylodiscitis-a-rare-complication-following-percutaneous-nephrostomy
#1
Francesco Chiancone, Maurizio Fedelini, Clemente Meccariello, Luigi Pucci, Marco Fabiano, Paolo Fedelini
Spondylodiscitis is an inflammation of the intervertebral disc and the adjacent vertebral bodies. The spondylodiscitis can not only be a complication of medical interventions such as an operation near spinal column but also urogenital and vascular interventions and intravenous catheter use. A 71-year-old man was admitted to our emergency department with fever and severe abdominal pain. Antibiotic therapy had been performed with intravenous administration of 2 g of ceftriaxone and the patient underwent the placement of a percutaneous nephrostomy according to Seldinger technique...
November 28, 2016: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910093/headache-attributed-to-craniocervical-dystonia-a-little-known-headache
#2
Marcos Eugenio Ramalho Bezerra, Pedro Augusto Sampaio Rocha-Filho
BACKGROUND: Craniocervical dystonia is a focal or segmental dystonia in its distribution, classically known as spasmodic torticollis when in its pure cervical presentation. Although craniocervical dystonia has been recognized as a possible cause of headache since the publication of the second version of International Classification of Headache Disorders, there are few studies about this entity. METHOD: This was a narrative review. RESULTS: Craniocervical dystonia was associated with muscle pain in 67-89% of the cases...
December 2, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909636/imatinib-induced-ototoxicity-in-a-patient-with-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-gist
#3
Komal Wasif, Nawal Wasif, Muhammad W Saif
Imatinib (Gleevec) is a biological agent that is approved for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) as well as gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). The most frequently seen adverse effects in patients treated with imatinib include superficial edema, muscle cramps, musculoskeletal pain, rash, fatigue, headache, abdominal pain, and joint pain. Ototoxicity has rarely been reported except in two cases. We report a case of bilateral irreversible sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) caused by imatinib in a patient receiving this agent in the adjuvant setting...
October 26, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908914/muscle-mania-the-quest-for-the-perfect-body
#4
Maira Hameed, Ajay Sahu, Maria B Johnson
We describe the case of a young man with repeated hospital presentations for a variety of symptoms related to excessive bodybuilding and associated behaviours. He presented to our department (radiology) with right arm pain and loss of function. Ultrasound showed complete triceps rupture, rare in young patients and multiple cystic areas within the muscles of the arm. MRI revealed these to be multiple proteinaceous lesions within the muscle bellies and the possibility of self-innoculation was raised by the reporting radiologist...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908676/effect-of-selective-dorsal-rhizotomy-on-daily-care-and-comfort-in-non-walking-children-and-adolescents-with-severe-spasticity
#5
A I Buizer, P E M van Schie, E A M Bolster, W J van Ouwerkerk, R L Strijers, L A van de Pol, A Stadhouder, J G Becher, R J Vermeulen
BACKGROUND: In non-walking children with severe spasticity, daily care can be difficult and many patients suffer from pain. Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) reduces spasticity in the legs, and therefore has the potential to improve daily care and comfort. AIM: To examine effects of SDR on daily care and comfort in non-walking children with severe spasticity due to different underlying neurological conditions. METHODS: Medical history, changes in daily care and comfort and satisfaction with outcome were assessed retrospectively in non-walking children who underwent SDR in our center, with a mean follow-up of 1y 7m (range 11m-4y 3m)...
October 22, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908491/clinical-outcomes-of-botox-injections-for-chronic-temporomandibular-disorders-do-we-understand-how-botox-works-on-muscle-pain-and-the-brain
#6
S T Connelly, J Myung, R Gupta, G M Tartaglia, A Gizdulich, J Yang, R Silva
The main objective of this retrospective review was to analyze the clinical outcomes following the use of botulinum toxin (onabotulinumtoxinA, Botox) injections to relieve the symptoms of chronic temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Seventy-one patients with a diagnosis of TMD (according to the RDC/TMD international consortium) associated with or without bruxism and refractory to conventional treatment (e.g. oral appliances, physiotherapy, etc.) received Botox injections into the temporalis and masseter muscles...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908458/inter-rater-reliability-of-shoulder-measurements-in-middle-aged-women
#7
A De Groef, M Van Kampen, N Vervloesem, E Clabau, M-R Christiaens, P Neven, I Geraerts, F Struyf, N Devoogdt
OBJECTIVES: To investigate inter-rater reliability of a set of shoulder measurements including inclinometry [shoulder range of motion (ROM)], acromion-table distance and pectoralis minor muscle length (static scapular positioning), upward rotation with two inclinometers (scapular kinematics) and pain pressure thresholds (muscle tenderness) in middle-aged women. DESIGN: Observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty symptom-free middle-aged women (first cohort) were measured by two raters...
July 20, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906945/ganglion-cyst-at-the-proximal-tibiofibular-joint-in-a-patient-with-painless-foot-drop
#8
Abdulmuhsen Alsahhaf, Waleed Renno
Entrapment neuropathies of the fibular nerve and its branches are often underdiagnosed due to the lack of reliable diagnosis using clinical examination and electrophysiologic evaluation. Most fibular nerve compressions may be classified into 2 broad categories: (a) mechanical causes, which occur at fibrous or fibro-osseous tunnels, and (b) dynamic causes related to nerve injury during specific limb positioning. Foot drop resulting from weakness of the dorsiflexor muscles of the foot is a relatively uncommon presentation and closely related to L5 neuropathy caused by a disc herniation...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906497/neuroembryology
#9
REVIEW
Diana Darnell, Scott F Gilbert
How is it that some cells become neurons? And how is it that neurons become organized in the spinal cord and brain to allow us to walk and talk, to see, recall events in our lives, feel pain, keep our balance, and think? The cells that are specified to form the brain and spinal cord are originally located on the outside surface of the embryo. They loop inward to form the neural tube in a process called neurulation. Structures that are nearby send signals to the posterior neural tube to form and pattern the spinal cord so that the dorsal side receives sensory input and the ventral side sends motor signals from neurons to muscles...
December 1, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904957/neck-pain-and-acute-dysphagia
#10
João Simões, José Romão, Anita Cunha, Sofia Paiva, António Miguéis
The acute tendinitis of the longus colli muscle is an unusual diagnosis in the cases of acute dysphagia with cervical pain. Is a self-limiting condition caused by abnormal calcium hydroxyapatite deposition in the prevertebral space and can cause pharyngeal swelling with impaired swallow. It is absolutely critical to make the differential diagnosis with deep cervical infections in order to avoid invasive treatments.
November 30, 2016: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904817/transitional-vertebra-and-spina-bifida-occulta-related-with-chronic-low-back-pain-in-a-young-patient
#11
Maryam Kundi, Maham Habib, Sumbal Babar, Asif K Kundi, Salman Assad, Amjad Sheikh
Bertolotti's syndrome (BS) must be considered as a differential diagnosis in a young patient presenting with low back pain (LBP). We present a case of a 26-year-old male complaining of mild chronic LBP for six years, radiating to his left thigh for the past six months. He has been taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with skeletal muscle relaxants for pain relief. The X-ray and computed tomography (CT) imagings showed congenital enlargement of the left transverse process of the fifth lumbar (L5) vertebra forming pseudo-articulation with the sacrum and unilateral pars interarticularis defect at the L4 level on the left side, respectively...
October 19, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904792/current-concepts-and-treatment-of-patellofemoral-compressive-issues
#12
Michael J Mullaney, Takumi Fukunaga
Patellofemoral disorders, commonly encountered in sports and orthopedic rehabilitation settings, may result from dysfunction in patellofemoral joint compression. Osseous and soft tissue factors, as well as the mechanical interaction of the two, contribute to increased patellofemoral compression and pain. Treatment of patellofemoral compressive issues is based on identification of contributory impairments. Use of reliable tests and measures is essential in detecting impairments in hip flexor, quadriceps, iliotibial band, hamstrings, and gastrocnemius flexibility, as well as in joint mobility, myofascial restrictions, and proximal muscle weakness...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904721/usefulness-of-k-point-injection-for-the-nonspecific-neck-pain-in-so-called-k-point-syndrome
#13
Jeong Jae Moon, Myun Whan Ahn, Hyo Sae Ahn, Sung Jun Lee, Dong Yeol Lee
BACKGROUND: Shoichi Kokubun introduced his successful experience with local anesthetic injection at the occipital insertion of the sternocleidomastoid muscle in K-point syndrome. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term and long-term effectiveness of K-point injection and investigate factors affecting treatment results. METHODS: K-point injection was performed in 58 patients with K-point syndrome at Yeungnam University Medical Center. The syndrome was associated with cervical whiplash injury in 10 patients and was of nonspecific origin in the rest...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904218/core-decompression-or-quadratus-femoris-muscle-pedicle-bone-grafting-for-nontraumatic-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-a-randomized-control-study
#14
Deqiang Li, Ming Li, Peilai Liu, Yuankai Zhang, Liang Ma, Fei Xu
BACKGROUND: The traditional management for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) includes core decompression (CD) and quadratus femoris muscle pedicle bone graft (QF-MPBG). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of CD and QF-MPBG on the patients with nontraumatic ONFH in an early stage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 39 patients (47 hips) with ONFH in an early stage (Ficat Stage I or II) were randomly divided into two groups according to random number table method...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904004/delayed-diagnosis-of-blunt-carotid-trauma-in-a-seat-belt-syndrome-with-associated-abdominal-wall-injury-a-case-report
#15
Savino Occhionorelli, Dario Andreotti, Daniela Tartarini, Lorenzo Cappellari, Rocco Stano, Lucia Morganti, Giorgio Vasquez
: The aim of this case report is to be aware of occult carotid lesions in thoracic- abdominal trauma because, carotid artery injury consequent to blunt trauma is rare, affecting less than 1% of patients as reported in literature. A 45-years-old female, involved in a traffic accident, arrived to Emergency Room hemodynamically stable, with a Glasgow Coma Scale of 15, complaining abdominal pain, without any neurological signs. She underwent Computed Tomography (CT) scan that showed a complete disruption of left abdominal wall muscles, associated with massive bowel loops herniation...
November 28, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903162/a-partial-tear-of-the-infraspinatus-muscle
#16
Myles Murphy, Jonathon Charlesworth
A 29-year-old man experienced right shoulder pain and weakness following a forced abduction and external rotation motion performed during an Australian football game. The following morning, the sports medicine physician referred the player for magnetic resonance imaging to exclude infraspinatus rupture, given the external rotation strength deficit. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a low-grade partial tear of the medial infraspinatus muscle. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2016;46(12):1087. doi:10.2519/jospt.2016...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900338/the-bridge-enhanced-anterior-cruciate-ligament-repair-bear-procedure-an-early-feasibility-cohort-study
#17
Martha M Murray, Brett M Flutie, Leslie A Kalish, Kirsten Ecklund, Braden C Fleming, Benedikt L Proffen, Lyle J Micheli
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the safety of the newly developed bridge-enhanced anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repair (BEAR), which involves suture repair of the ligament combined with a bioactive scaffold to bridge the gap between the torn ligament ends. As the intra-articular environment is complex in its response to implanted materials, this study was designed to determine whether there would be a significant rate of adverse reaction to the implanted scaffold. HYPOTHESIS: The primary hypothesis was that the implanted scaffold would not result in a deep joint infection (arthrocentesis with positive culture) or significant inflammation (clinical symptoms justifying arthrocentesis but negative culture)...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900274/stochastic-resonance-whole-body-vibration-increases-perceived-muscle-relaxation-but-not-cardiovascular-activation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Achim Elfering, Christian Burger, Volker Schade, Lorenz Radlinger
AIM: To investigate the acute effects of stochastic resonance whole body vibration (SR-WBV), including muscle relaxation and cardiovascular activation. METHODS: Sixty-four healthy students participated. The participants were randomly assigned to sham SR-WBV training at a low intensity (1.5 Hz) or a verum SR-WBV training at a higher intensity (5 Hz). Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR) and self-reported muscle relaxation were assessed before and immediately after SR-WBV...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900193/exertional-rhabdomyolysis-physiological-response-or-manifestation-of-an-underlying-myopathy
#19
Renata S Scalco, Marc Snoeck, Ros Quinlivan, Susan Treves, Pascal Laforét, Heinz Jungbluth, Nicol C Voermans
Exertional rhabdomyolysis is characterised by muscle breakdown associated with strenuous exercise or normal exercise under extreme circumstances. Key features are severe muscle pain and sudden transient elevation of serum creatine kinase (CK) levels with or without associated myoglobinuria. Mild cases may remain unnoticed or undiagnosed. Exertional rhabdomyolysis is well described among athletes and military personnel, but may occur in anybody exposed to unaccustomed exercise. In contrast, exertional rhabdomyolysis may be the first manifestation of a genetic muscle disease that lowers the exercise threshold for developing muscle breakdown...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899787/mcardle-disease-misdiagnosed-as-meningitis
#20
Renata Siciliani Scalco, Sherryl Chatfield, Muhammad Hyder Junejo, Suzanne Booth, Jatin Pattni, Richard Godfrey, Ros Quinlivan
BACKGROUND McArdle disease is a glycogen storage disorder mainly characterized by exercise intolerance. Prolonged muscle contracture is also a feature of this condition and may lead to rhabdomyolysis (RM), which is a serious event characterized by acute skeletal muscle damage.  CASE REPORT A 44-year-old female patient presented with an acute contracture of the posterior neck muscles, causing severe nuchal rigidity. The contracture was induced during a dental extraction as she held her mouth open for a prolonged period, with her neck in a rigid position...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
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