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Hypertophic cardiomyopathy

Henry G Zot, Javier E Hasbun, Clara A Michell, Maicon Landim-Vieira, Jose R Pinto
Higher affinity for TnI explains how troponin C (TnC) carrying a causative hypertrophic cardiomyopathy mutation, TnC(A8V), sensitizes muscle cells to Ca(2+). Muscle fibers reconstituted with TnC(A8V) require ∼2.3-fold less [Ca(2+)] to achieve 50% maximum-tension compared to fibers reconstituted with wild-type TnC (TnC(WT)). Binding measurements rule out a significant change in N-terminus Ca(2+)-affinity of isolated TnC(A8V), and TnC(A8V) binds the switch-peptide of troponin-I (TnI(sp)) ∼1.6-fold more strongly than TnC(WT); thus we model the TnC-TnI(sp) interaction as competing with the TnI-actin interaction...
July 1, 2016: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Atilano Carcavilla, Isabel Pinto, Rafael Muñoz-Pacheco, Raquel Barrio, Maria Martin-Frías, Begoña Ezquieta
Noonan syndrome (NS) and neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) are well-defined entities. The association of both disorders is called neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome (NFNS), a disorder that has been related to mutations in the NF1 gene. Both NS and NFNS display phenotypic overlapping with LEOPARD syndrome (LS), and differential diagnosis between these two entities often represents a challenge for clinicians. We report on three patients (two brothers and a not-related patient) diagnosed as having NFNS. They fulfilled NF1 diagnostic criteria and had some features of NS...
August 2011: European Journal of Pediatrics
Pawel Petkow Dimitrow, Danuta Czarnecka, Kalina Kawecka-Jaszcz, Jacek S Dubiel
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess gender-specific differences in left ventricular cavity size, contractility and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in younger and older subgroups of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: We studied retrospectively 153 referred patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (89 males and 64 females). The echocardiographically measured left ventricular end-systolic, end-diastolic dimensions, fractional shortening and occurrence of left ventricular outflow tract gradient were compared between sexes in subgroups of patients </=50 and >50 years of age...
March 2003: International Journal of Cardiology
B J Maron, J K Wolfson, S E Epstein, W C Roberts
Many patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have signs and symptoms or metabolic and hemodynamic evidence of myocardial ischemia and dysfunction in the absence of extramural coronary atherosclerosis. To investigate the possibility that a form of "small vessel disease" could account for these findings, a histologic analysis of left ventricular myocardium obtained at necropsy was carried out in 48 patients with hypertophic cardiomyopathy and in 68 controls with either normal hearts or acquired heart disease...
1987: Zeitschrift Für Kardiologie
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