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Wheat drought

Jianan Wang, Zhaopeng Song, Hongfang Jia, Shen Yang, Hongying Zhang
Expression of TaSnRK2.7 promoter is strongly induced under abiotic stress and could be used as a valuable tool for improving plant stress resistance via transgenic techniques. The sucrose non-fermenting 1-related protein kinase 2 (SnRK2) gene family plays pivotal roles in response to abiotic stresses (drought, salinity and cold). Here, we studied the expression of five wheat TaSnRK2.7 promoter-5'-deletion constructs (- 2547, - 1621, - 806, - 599, and - 254) fused to beta-glucuronidase (GUS) in Arabidopsis...
August 18, 2018: Planta
Tariq Shah, Jinsong Xu, Xiling Zou, Yong Cheng, Mubasher Nasir, Xuekun Zhang
Abiotic stresses greatly influenced wheat productivity executed by environmental factors such as drought, salt, water submergence and heavy metals. The effective management at the molecular level is mandatory for a thorough understanding of plant response to abiotic stress. Understanding the molecular mechanism of stress tolerance is complex and requires information at the omic level. In the areas of genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics enormous progress has been made in the omics field. The rising field of ionomics is also being utilized for examining abiotic stress resilience in wheat...
August 14, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yan Liu, Liqun Li, Li Zhang, Qian Lv, Yi Zhao, Xuejun Li
Drought stress is a major factor that limits the yield and quality in wheat. In this study, we identified an orthologue of the rice gene OsDIS1 (Oryza sativa drought-induced SINA protein 1) in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) called TaDIS1. TaDIS1 encodes a putative 301 amino acid protein with a C3HC4 RING finger conserved domain at the N-terminal and a SINA domain at the C-terminal. TaDIS1 contains three exons and two introns. qRT-PCR analysis showed that TaDIS1 expression was induced by PEG6000, NaCl, and abscisic acid (ABA) treatment...
October 2018: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
Beata Myśków, Magdalena Góralska, Natalia Lenarczyk, Ilona Czyczyło-Mysza, Stefan Stojałowski
BACKGROUND: Rolling of leaves (RL) is a phenomenon commonly found in grasses. Morphology of the leaf is an important agronomic trait in field crops especially in rice; therefore, majority of the rice breeders are interested in RL. There are only few studies with respect to RL of wheat and barley; however, the information regarding the genetic base of RL with respect to the shape of leaf in rye is lacking. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study on the localization of loci controlling RL on high density consensus genetic map of rye...
August 9, 2018: BMC Genetics
Han Zhang, Jian Ma, Jiajun Liu, Yang Mu, Huaping Tang, Yaxi Liu, Guangdeng Chen, Qiantao Jiang, Guoyue Chen, Yuming Wei, Youliang Zheng, Xiujin Lan
OsWTG1 (LOC_Os08g42540.1) functions as an important factor determining grain size and shape in rice. Our understanding on its ortholog in wheat, TaWTG1, is limited. Here, we identified and mapped TaWTG1 in wheat, characterized its gene and protein structures, predicted transcription factor binding sites of its promoter, and the expression patterns was also analysed bases on real-time quantitative PCR and public available microarray data. The WTG1 orthologs in barley (HvWTG1), rice (OsWTG1), Aegilops tauschii (AtWTG1), Triticum urartu (TuWTG1), Triticum turgidum (TtWTG1) and Brachypodium distachyon (BdWTG1) were also identified for comparative analyses...
August 4, 2018: Gene
Monika Dalal, Sarika Sahu, Sneha Tiwari, Atmakuri R Rao, Kishor Gaikwad
The ability of roots to grow under drought stress is an adaptive trait for crop plants especially under rain fed and restricted irrigation regime. To unravel the molecular mechanism of drought induced-root growth, root transcriptomes of two wheat genotypes viz. Raj3765 and HD2329, with contrasting root growth under drought stress were analyzed. Drought stress significantly enhanced total root length in Raj3765 as compared to that of HD2329. RNA-seq analysis led to the identification of 2783 and 2638 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in Raj3765 and HD2329, respectively, under drought stress as compared with non-stress conditions...
August 1, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Suboot Hairat, Vinay Kumar Baranwal, Paramjit Khurana
Role of plant nsLTP in biotic stress is well reported; however, their role during abiotic stress is far from clear. This study comprises genome-wide identification of LTPs and characterizes the regulation and function of two Triticum aestivum lipid transfer proteins, TaLTP40 and TaLTP75, under stresses that influence membrane fluidity. A total of 105 LTP gene family members have been identified. The selected LTPs for functional validation were highly expressed during salt, cold and drought stress. Further, selected LTPs showed differential expression thermotolerant and thermosusceptible wheat cultivars...
July 27, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Rhoda A T Brew-Appiah, Zara B York, Vandhana Krishnan, Eric H Roalson, Karen A Sanguinet
A comprehensive understanding of wheat responses to environmental stress will contribute to the long-term goal of feeding the planet. ALERNATIVE OXIDASE (AOX) genes encode proteins involved in a bypass of the electron transport chain and are also known to be involved in stress tolerance in multiple species. Here, we report the identification and characterization of the AOX gene family in diploid and hexaploid wheat. Four genes each were found in the diploid ancestors Triticum urartu, and Aegilops tauschii, and three in Aegilops speltoides...
2018: PloS One
Petra Světlíková, Tomáš Hájek, Jakub Těšitel
Root-hemiparasitic plants of the genus Rhinanthus acquire resources through a water-wasting physiological strategy based on high transpiration rate mediated by the accumulation of osmotically active compounds and constantly open stomata. Interestingly, they were also documented to withstand moderate water stress which agrees with their common occurrence in rather dry habitats. Here, we focused on the water-stress physiology of Rhinanthus alectorolophus by examining gas exchange, water relations, stomatal density, and biomass production and its stable isotope composition in adult plants grown on wheat under contrasting (optimal and drought-inducing) water treatments...
2018: PloS One
Jana Stallmann, Rabea Schweiger, Caroline Müller
In the course of climate change, crop plants are exposed to both altered precipitation volumes and frequencies in many cultivation areas. Reduced water availability and longer periods without precipitation can lead to changes in plant physiology and productivity. In this greenhouse study, we investigated physiological responses including maximum quantum yield of photosystem II (Fv /Fm ) and water use efficiency (WUE) as well as diverse productivity-related parameters including grain yield per plant to continuous (irrigated three times a week) versus pulsed (once a week) irrigation in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L...
July 30, 2018: Plant Biology
Jiazhen Li, Wenxu Dong, Oene Oenema, Tuo Chen, Chunsheng Hu, Haijing Yuan, Liying Zhao
Global warming may exacerbate drought, decrease crop yield and affect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in semi-arid regions. However, the interactive effects of increases in temperature and water availability on winter wheat yield and GHG emissions in semi-arid climates are not well-understood. Here, we report on a two-year field experiment that examined the effects of a mean soil temperature increase of ~2 °C (at 5 cm depth) with and without additional irrigation on wheat yield and GHG emissions. Infrared heaters were placed above the crop canopy at a height of 1...
July 21, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Vimal Kumar Semwal, Renu Khanna-Chopra
Reproductive sinks regulate monocarpic senescence in wheat as desinking delayed flag leaf senescence under irrigated condition. In this study, wheat cv. HW 2041 and its isonuclear male sterile line (CMS) were subjected to post-anthesis water deficit stress to understand the association between sink strength, senescence and drought response in relation to oxidative stress and antioxidant defense at cellular and sub-cellular level. CMS plants maintained better water relations and exhibited delayed onset and progression of flag leaf senescence in terms of green leaf area, chlorophyll and protein content than fertile plants under water deficit stress (WDS)...
July 2018: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
Heba T Ebeed, Sean Stevenson, Andrew C Cuming, Alison Baker
Plant peroxisomes are important components of cellular antioxidant networks, dealing with ROS generated by multiple metabolic pathways. Peroxisomes respond to environmental and cellular conditions by changing their size, number, and proteomic content. To investigate the role of peroxisomes in response to drought, dehydration and ABA treatment we took an evolutionary and comparative genomics approach. Colonisation of land required evolution of dehydration tolerance in the absence of subsequent anatomical adaptations...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
L A Sherrod, G S McMaster, J A Delgado, M E Schipanski, S J Fonte, R L Montenieri, K Larson
No-till and increased cropping intensity (CI) can increase yield and soil organic C (SOC) in the US Great Plains compared with traditional wheat ( L.)-fallow management. However, gains in SOC and other C pools may not be permanent. Increasing frequency of drought may reduce C inputs and potentially reverse gains accrued during wetter periods. This study examined the effect of drought on the persistence of SOC with two objectives: (i) to determine soil C pools (0-20 cm) after 24 yr in no-till as influenced by potential evapotranspiration (PET), landscape position (slope), and CI; and (ii) to compare the size of the C pools after the first 12 yr (wet) versus the subsequent 12 yr, notable for frequent droughts...
July 2018: Journal of Environmental Quality
Sivakumar Sukumaran, Diego Jarquin, Jose Crossa, Matthew Reynolds
Genomic prediction studies incorporating genotype × environment (G×E) interaction effects are limited in durum wheat. We tested the genomic-enabled prediction accuracy (PA) of Genomic Best Linear Unbiased Predictor (GBLUP) models-six non-G × E and three G × E models-on three basic cross-validation (CV) schemes- in predicting incomplete field trials (CV2), new lines (CV1), and lines in untested environments (CV0)- in a durum wheat panel grown under yield potential, drought stress, and heat stress conditions...
July 2018: Plant Genome
Geng-Rui Zhu, Xing Yan, Dong Zhu, Xiong Deng, Ji-Su Wu, Jian Xia, Yue-Ming Yan
Lysine acetylation is a widespread protein posttranslational modification in all organisms. However, quantitative acetylproteome characterization in response to water deficit during crop grain development remains unknown. In the study, we performed the first large-scale acetylproteome analysis of developing wheat grains under water-deficit using label-free quantitative proteome approach. In total, 716 acetylated sites corresponding to 442 acetylated proteins were identified, of which 106 acetylated sites representing 93 acetylated proteins (including 88 non-histones) showed significant changes under water-deficit...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Ilona Mieczysława Czyczyło-Mysza, Izabela Marcińska, Edyta Skrzypek, Jan Bocianowski, Kinga Dziurka, Dragana Rančić, Radenko Radošević, Sofija Pekić-Quarrie, Dejan Dodig, Stephen Alexander Quarrie
Background: Wheat is widely affected by drought. Low excised-leaf water loss (ELWL) has frequently been associated with improved grain yield under drought. This study dissected the genetic control of ELWL in wheat, associated physiological, morphological and anatomical leaf traits, and compared these with yield QTLs. Methods: Ninety-four hexaploid wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) doubled haploids, mapped with over 700 markers, were tested for three years for ELWL from detached leaf 4 of glasshouse-grown plants...
2018: PeerJ
Giuseppe E Condorelli, Marco Maccaferri, Maria Newcomb, Pedro Andrade-Sanchez, Jeffrey W White, Andrew N French, Giuseppe Sciara, Rick Ward, Roberto Tuberosa
High-throughput phenotyping platforms (HTPPs) provide novel opportunities to more effectively dissect the genetic basis of drought-adaptive traits. This genome-wide association study (GWAS) compares the results obtained with two Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and a ground-based platform used to measure Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) in a panel of 248 elite durum wheat ( Triticum turgidum L. ssp . durum Desf.) accessions at different growth stages and water regimes. Our results suggest increased ability of aerial over ground-based platforms to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) for NDVI, particularly under terminal drought stress, with 22 and 16 single QTLs detected, respectively, and accounting for 89...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Leizhen Liu, Xi Yang, Hongkui Zhou, Shasha Liu, Lei Zhou, Xiaohan Li, Jianhua Yang, Xinyi Han, Jianjun Wu
Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) has been extensively used in continuous and long-term drought monitoring over large-scale, but with late response to drought-related changes of photosynthesis. Instead, solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) is more closely related to photosynthesis and thus is proposed to track the impacts of drought on vegetation growth. However, the detailed difference between SIF and NDVI in responding to drought has not been thoroughly explored. Here we present continuous ground measurements of NDVI and SIF at 760nm over four plots of wheat with different intensities of drought (well-watered treatment, moderate drought, severe drought and extreme drought)...
June 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Sonal Mathur, Rupal Singh Tomar, Anjana Jajoo
Drought stress (DS) is amongst one of the abiotic factors affecting plant growth by limiting productivity of crops by inhibiting photosynthesis. Damage due to DS and its protection by Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) was studied on photosynthetic apparatus of wheat (Triticum aestivum) plants in pot experiments. DS was maintained by limiting irrigation to the drought stressed (DS) and AMF + DS plants. Relative Water content (RWC) was measured for leaf as well as soil to ensure drought conditions. DS plants had minimum RWC for both leaf and soil...
July 7, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
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