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Amer Z Nahas, Said A Samara, Tannaz A Rastegar-Lari
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of low-level light therapy using light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on the speed of tooth movements that were required for the leveling and aligning of the lower anterior segment during non-extraction orthodontic treatment. The sample was comprised of patients (n = 40) with lower anterior crowding who were treated with self-ligating orthodontic brackets and a standardized wire sequence. A test group of patients (n = 20) who were treated with extraoral infrared light therapy for 20 min daily with at least 80 % compliance was compared to a control group (n = 20)...
October 20, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Shaiane Silva Tomazoni, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Lúcio Frigo, Rodney Capp Pallotta, Simone Teixeira, Patricia de Almeida, Jan Magnus Bjordal, Rodrigo Álvaro Brandão Lopes-Martins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Michael R Hamblin
Photobiomodulation (PBM) describes the use of red or near-infrared light to stimulate, heal, regenerate, and protect tissue that has either been injured, is degenerating, or else is at risk of dying. One of the organ systems of the human body that is most necessary to life, and whose optimum functioning is most worried about by humankind in general, is the brain. The brain suffers from many different disorders that can be classified into three broad groupings: traumatic events (stroke, traumatic brain injury, and global ischemia), degenerative diseases (dementia, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's), and psychiatric disorders (depression, anxiety, post traumatic stress disorder)...
December 2016: BBA Clinical
Yuguang Wang, Ying-Ying Huang, Yong Wang, Peijun Lyu, Michael R Hamblin
Photobiomodulation (PBM) using red or near-infrared (NIR) light has been used to stimulate the proliferation and differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells. The use of NIR wavelengths such as 810nm is reasonably well accepted to stimulate mitochondrial activity and ATP production via absorption of photons by cytochrome c oxidase. However, the mechanism of action of 980nm is less well understood. Here we study the effects of both wavelengths (810nm and 980nm) on adipose-derived stem cells in vitro. Both wavelengths showed a biphasic dose response, but 810nm had a peak dose response at 3J/cm(2) for stimulation of proliferation at 24h, while the peak dose for 980nm was 10-100 times lower at 0...
October 15, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Nikele Nadur-Andrade, Camila Squarzoni Dale, Victoria Regina da Silva Oliveira, Elaine Flamia Toniolo, Regiane Dos Santos Feliciano, José Antonio da Silva, Stella Regina Zamuner
BACKGROUND: Envenoming induced by Bothrops snakebites is characterized by drastic local tissue damage that involves an intense inflammatory reaction and local hyperalgesia which are not neutralized by conventional antivenom treatment. Herein, the effectiveness of photobiomodulation to reduce inflammatory hyperalgesia induced by Bothrops moojeni venom (Bmv), as well as the mechanisms involved was investigated. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Bmv (1 μg) was injected through the intraplantar route in the right hind paw of mice...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Vanessa Lima Cavalcante de Oliveira, José Antonio Silva, Andrey Jorge Serra, Rodney Capp Pallotta, Evela Aparecida Pereira da Silva, Anna Cristina de Farias Marques, Regiane Dos Santos Feliciano, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) on inflammatory indicators, i.e., inflammatory mediators (TNF-α and CINC-1), and pain characterized by hyperalgesia and B1 and B2 receptor activation at 6, 24, and 48 h after papain-induced osteoarthritis (OA) in rats. Fifty-four rats were subjected to hyperalgesia evaluations and then divided randomly into three groups-a control group and two groups OA and OA PBMT group by using laser parameters at wavelength (808 nm), output power (50 mW), energy per point (4 Joules), power density (1...
October 10, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Shaiane Silva Tomazoni, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Rodney Capp Pallotta, Simone Teixeira, Patricia de Almeida, Rodrigo Álvaro Brandão Lopes-Martins
Osteoarthritis (OA) triggers increased levels of inflammatory markers, including prostaglandin (PG) E2 and proinflammatory cytokines. The elevation of cytokine levels is closely associated with increased articular tissue degeneration. Thus, the use of combination therapies may presumably be able to enhance the effects on the modulation of inflammatory markers. The present study aimed to evaluate and compare the effects of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT), physical exercise, and topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use on the inflammatory process after they were applied either alone or in different combinations...
October 10, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Andrea Amaroli, Alberico Benedicenti, Sara Ferrando, Steven Parker, Wayne Selting, Lorenzo Gallus, Stefano Benedicenti
In Paramecium cilia beating is correlated to intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+) ]i) and nitric oxide (NO) synthesis. Recent findings affirm that photobiomodulation (PBM) can transiently increase the [Ca(2+) ]i in mammalian cells. In the present study we investigated the effect of both 808nm and 980nm diode laser irradiated with flat-top hand-piece on [Ca(2+) ]i and NO production of Paramecium primaurelia, to provide basic information for the development of new therapeutic approaches. In the experiments, the laser power in CW varied (0...
September 26, 2016: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Anja Becker, Anna Klapczynski, Natalia Kuch, Fabiola Arpino, Katja Simon-Keller, Carolina De La Torre, Carsten Sticht, Frank A van Abeelen, Gerrit Oversluizen, Norbert Gretz
Photobiomodulation (PBM) with blue light induces a biphasic dose response curve in proliferation of immortalized human keratinocytes (HaCaT), with a maximum anti-proliferative effect reached with 30min (41.4 J/cm2). The aim of this study was to test the photobiomodulatory effect of 41.4 J/cm2 blue light irradiation on ROS production, apoptosis and gene expression at different time points after irradiation of HaCaT cells in vitro and assess its safety. ROS concentration was increased 30 min after irradiation...
September 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Min Young Lee, Seung-Hyun Bae, So-Young Chang, Jae-Hun Lee, Se-Hyung Kim, Jin-Chul Ahn, Phil-Sang Chung, Wesley Moy, Jae Yun Jung
Auditory neuropathy is a hearing disorder caused by impaired auditory nerve function. The lack of information about the pathophysiology of this disease limits early diagnosis and further treatment. Laser therapy is a novel approach to enhance nerve growth or induce axonal regeneration. We induced auditory neural degeneration sparing the sensory epithelium with local ouabain application in an animal model and observed the rescue effect of photobiomodulation (PBM), showing recovered auditory function and favorable histologic outcome...
October 28, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Yuguang Wang, Ying-Ying Huang, Yong Wang, Peijun Lyu, Michael R Hamblin
UNLABELLED: Human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) have the potential to differentiate into several different cell types including osteoblasts. Photobiomodulation (PBM) or low level laser therapy (LLLT) using red or near-infrared wavelengths has been reported to have effects on both proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of stem cells. We examined the effects of delivering four different wavelengths (420 nm, 540 nm, 660 nm, 810 nm) at the same dose (3 J/cm(2)) five times (every two days) on hASCs cultured in osteogenic medium over three weeks...
2016: Scientific Reports
Guilherme Akio Tamura Ozaki, Regina Celi Trindade Camargo, Tatiana Emy Koike, Thiago Alves Garcia, Robson Chacon Castoldi, João Domingos Augusto Dos Santos Pereira, Carlos José Leopoldo Constantino, José Carlos Silva Camargo Filho
Treatment of muscle injuries usually results in the interruption of sports practice; thus, studies aimed at accelerating the return to activity, with proper tissue repair, are important. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of photobiomodulation (PBM), associated or not with platelet-rich plasma (PRP), on the treatment of muscle injury. Thirty-five animals were used and divided into five groups (n = 7): control (C), control lesion (CL), lesion treated with low-level laser therapy (LLLT) (LLt), lesion treated with PRP (LP), and lesion treated with both techniques, LLLT and PRP (LLtP)...
September 20, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Atousa Janzadeh, Farinaz Nasirinezhad, Masoume Masoumipoor, Seyed Behnameldin Jameie, Parisa Hayat
Neuropathic pain (NP) is caused by damage to the nervous system due to reactive oxygen spices (ROS) increase, antioxidants reduction, ATP production imbalance, and induction of apoptosis. In this investigation, we applied low-level laser 660 nm (photobiomodulation therapy) as a new strategy to modulate pain. In order to study the effects of photobiomodulation therapy (660 nm) on NP, chronic constriction injury (CCI) model was selected. Low-level laser of 660 nm was used for 2 weeks. Thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia were measured before and after surgery on days 7 and 14, respectively...
September 17, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Tania Mateus Yoshimura, Caetano Padial Sabino, Martha Simões Ribeiro
Systemic inflammation is closely related to the development of insulin resistance and type-2 diabetes, since the activation of pro-inflammatory pathways leads to inhibition of insulin signaling. Although photobiomodulation (PBM) has proven beneficial effects on the treatment of inflammatory disorders, the phototherapeutic approach to manage the chronic inflammatory component of obesity and hyperglycemia had never been explored. In this work, obese and hyperglycemic mice are treated with PBM, and their body mass, glycemia and inflammatory infiltrate of abdominal adipose tissue are evaluated...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Ahmad Asghari, Mohammad Ashrafzadeh Takhtfooladi, Hesam Aldin Hoseinzadeh
This study was designed to investigate the possible effect of photobiomodulation (PBM) on renal damage induced by ischemia reperfusion (IR) in diabetic rats. Twenty streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were randomly distributed into two groups, containing ten rats each: IR group (G1) and IR + PBM group (G2). After the right nephrectomy, the ischemia was produced in the left kidney for 30 min, followed by the reperfusion for 24 h. Then, a 685-nm laser diode with an output power of 15 mW (spot size = 0...
September 13, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Anna Cristina de Farias Marques, Regiane Albertini, Andrey Jorge Serra, Evela Aparecida Pereira da Silva, Vanessa Lima Cavalcante de Oliveira, Luciana Miatto Silva, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho
This study investigates the effect of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) on collagen type I and III, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in experimentally induced tendinopathy in female aged rats. Tendinopathy was induced by the Achilles tendoncollagenase peritendinous. Forty-two Wistar rats (Norvegicus albinus) were used; groups consisted of 36 aged animals (18 months old; mean body weight, 517.7 ± 27.54 g) and 6 adult animals (12 weeks old; mean body weight, 266± 19...
September 13, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Paulo Roberto Vicente de Paiva, Shaiane Silva Tomazoni, Douglas Scott Johnson, Adriane Aver Vanin, Gianna Móes Albuquerque-Pontes, Caroline Dos Santos Monteiro Machado, Heliodora Leão Casalechi, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior
Cryotherapy for post-exercise recovery remains widely used despite the lack of quality evidence. Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) studies (with both low-level laser therapy and light-emitting diode therapy) have demonstrated positive scientific evidence to suggest its use. The study aims to evaluate PBMT and cryotherapy as a single or combined treatment on skeletal muscle recovery after eccentric contractions of knee extensors. Fifty healthy male volunteers were recruited and randomized into five groups (PBMT, cryotherapy, cryotherapy + PBMT, PMBT + cryotherapy, or placebo) for a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial that evaluated exercise performance (maximum voluntary contraction (MVC)), delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), and muscle damage (creatine kinase (CK))...
September 13, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Andrea Amaroli, Silvia Ravera, Steven Parker, Isabella Panfoli, Alberico Benedicenti, Stefano Benedicenti
OBJECTIVE: Photobiomodulation is proposed as a non-linear process. Only the action of light at a low intensity and fluence is assumed to have stimulation on cells; whereas a higher light intensity and fluence generates negative effects, exhausting the cell's energy reserve as a consequence of a too strong stimulation. In our work, we detected the photobiomodulatory effect of an 808-nm higher-fluence diode laser [64 J/cm(2)-1 W, continuous wave (CW)] irradiated by a flat-top handpiece on mitochondria activities, such as oxygen consumption, activity of mitochondria complexes I, II, III, and IV, and cytochrome c as well as ATP synthesis...
September 12, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Reza Ranjbar, Mohammad Ashrafzadeh Takhtfooladi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) at 685 nm on diabetic wound healing in rats suffering from bacterial infection induced by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). METHODS: Thirty streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were allocated into two groups: control and PBMT. A 4-cm full-thickness linear-incision was made on the dorsal midline and was contaminated with S. aureus. The wounds in the PBMT group were irradiated daily for 5 consecutive days, starting 3 days after the induction and always in the mornings...
August 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
Carolina Ferreira Gonçalves, Amanda de Carvalho Desiderá, Glauce Crivelaro do Nascimento, João Paulo Mardegan Issa, Christie Ramos Andrade Leite-Panissi
Photobiomodulation (PBM) is a therapy induced by a specific type of laser that affects biologic systems through non-thermal ways. The study of its basic mechanism has gained interest since little is known about the causes of the different effects of this treatment. In the present study, we investigated the action of the PBM application rate changes in the peri-implant tissues in rats subjected to tooth movement in different periods. Wistar rats (±250 g) received an apparatus in the region of the central incisors superiors tightly (70 g) or not, and they were also subjected to one or three PBM sessions...
August 30, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
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