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Mental health in women

Helena M Blumen, Joe Verghese
Extensive social networks are associated with better physical, mental, and cognitive health in aging, but the underlying brain substrates remain largely unexplored. Voxel-based morphometry and multivariate statistics were used to identify gray matter volume covariance networks associated with social networks in 86 older adults without dementia (M Age = 75.20 years, 53% women). Gray matter networks associated with the number of high-contact social roles and the total number of network members were identified after adjusting for age, sex, education, global health, and total intracranial volume - and shared nodes included medial, lateral and orbital prefrontal, hippocampal, precuneus, insular, and cingulate regions...
October 16, 2018: Social Neuroscience
K Tretbar, M Basilowski, K Wiedmann, C Bartels, P Heßmann, M Kownatka, J Signerski-Krieger, N Scherbaum, S Meuret, M Fuchs, J Wiltfang, B Kis, M Abdel-Hamid
BACKGROUND: Hearing-impairment can lead to a reduced quality of life and thus represents a vulnerability factor for mental disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study represents the first psychiatric analysis of subjective quality of life and depression in people with hearing-impairment in Germany. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient group included 30 hearing-impaired participants (27 women, 3 men) with a current or previous mental disorder and/or psychiatric/psychotherapeutic treatment (age: mean, M = 49...
October 15, 2018: HNO
Abby Pribish, Nadia Khalil, Rahul Mhaskar, Laurie Woodard, Abu-Sayeef Mirza
Variation between homeless populations due to socioeconomic and environmental factors necessitates tailoring medical, health policy, and public health interventions to the unique needs of the homeless population served. Despite the relatively large size of the homeless population in Florida, there is a paucity of research that characterizes the homeless population who frequent homeless clinics within the state. This project describes the demographics, disease prevalence, and other risk factors among homeless individuals in Tampa, Florida...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Rafal Kustra, Carl C Awh, Carlos Rojas-Fernandez, Brent Zanke
BACKGROUND: An interaction between genetic variants in complement factor H (CFH) and age-related maculopathy susceptibility 2 (ARMS2) and high-dose zinc supplementation on progression to advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD) exists. Because cognitive impairment (CI) is associated with AMD, we used data from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) to search for a zinc/genetics interaction. OBJECTIVE: To study the interaction of chronic zinc supplementation with genetic variants in CFH and ARMS2 on the development of CI...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Steven S Coughlin, Valerie Williams, Nicole Moore, Deborah Bowen, Judith Anglin, Nadine Mansur, Gianluca De Leo
Introduction: Several studies have provided important information about health conditions and other challenges faced by women diagnosed with breast cancer and how they can improve their quality of life and reduce their risk of cancer recurrence. Although African American and Hispanic breast cancer patients have a poorer survival than their white counterparts, few studies have compared the experiences of African American, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white breast cancer survivors. Objectives: To facilitate collaborative studies on breast cancer survivorship in a multicultural population, including future intervention research on nutrition, and physical activity, and clinical substudies...
2018: Journal of cancer treatment & diagnosis
Jing Xu, Yue Tian, Siting Wang, Yixuan Lu
Background: The Migrated Agricultural Population (MAP) of China continues to increase with the continuous development of urbanization. As MAP is a socially disadvantaged group, their mental health issues require urgent attention. Methods: An ordinary least squares regression model was established by using the newest survey data from the 2016 Chinese General Social Survey. Moreover, the effects of income and psychological identification on the mental health status of China's MAP were also examined using the Stata 12...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
J Zheng, X M Jiang, X X Huang
Objective: To understand the depression of nurses in the maternity and child care hospital and in order to provide references for improving the physical and mental health of nurses. Methods: A total of 679 nurses from 14 departments of a provincial maternity and child health care hospital in June 2017 were selected as the subjects to investigate the depression of nurses by questionnaire. Results: The total rate of depression was 40% in this group and the average standard of SDS was (49.45+12.02) , which was higher than the norm in our country and the difference was statistically significant ( P <0...
August 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
J Paul Leigh, Wesley A Leigh, Juan Du
We evaluate evidence for the effectiveness of raising minimum wages on various measures of public health within the US, Canada, the UK, and Europe. We search four scientific websites from the inception of the research through May 20, 2018. We find great variety (20+) in measured outcomes among the 33 studies that pass our initial screening. We establish quality standards in a second screening resulting in 15 studies in which we create outcome-based groups. Outcomes include four broad measures (general overall health, behavior, mental health, and birth weight) and eight narrow measures (self-reported health, "bad" health days, unmet medical need, smoking, problem-drinking, obesity, eating vegetables, and exercise)...
October 11, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Iris Palma Lopes, Victor Barbosa Ribeiro, Rosana Maria Reis, Rafael Costa Silva, Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza, Gislaine Satyko Kogure, Rui Alberto Ferriani, Lúcia Alves da Silva Lara
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition characterized by hyperandrogenism, anthropometric changes (increased weight and waist-to-hip ratio [WHR]), behavioral changes (sexual dysfunction, anxiety, and depression), and reduced quality of life. Physical exercise may reduce many of the adverse effects of PCOS. However, no studies have yet evaluated the effects of aerobic exercise on the sexual function of women with PCOS. AIM: To compare the effects of continuous and intermittent aerobic physical training on the sexual function and mood of women with PCOS...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
G D Sclar, G Penakalapati, B A Caruso, E A Rehfuess, J V Garn, K T Alexander, M C Freeman, S Boisson, K Medlicott, T Clasen
The WHO defines health not as the absence of disease but as a "state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being." To date, public health research on sanitation has focused mainly on the impact of sanitation on infectious diseases and related sequelae, such as diarrhea and malnutrition. This review focuses on the mental and social well-being implications of sanitation. We systematically searched leading databases to identify eligible studies. Qualitative studies were assessed using a 17-point checklist adapted from existing tools, while quantitative studies were assessed using the Liverpool Quality Appraisal Tool...
September 19, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Jennifer E McCabe, Jodie G Katon, Erica Ma, John C Fortney, Nancy K Grote, Laurie C Zephyrin, Lisa S Callegari
INTRODUCTION: Given the increasing number of women service members and veterans of childbearing age, it is important to understand the preconception risks in this potentially vulnerable population. This study compared the prevalence of modifiable preconception risk factors among women with and without a history of service. METHODS: Analyses included data from the 2013 and 2014 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
October 9, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
Laura J Sherman, Mir M Ali
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression is underdiagnosed and undertreated. The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence and timing of depression diagnoses and treatment use in the year after childbirth among women with private and Medicaid health insurance coverage. METHODS: Using two large claims databases (private employer-sponsored and multistate Medicaid), we identified women with a live birth in 2014. We calculated the percentage of women with a depression diagnosis in the year after giving birth and identified their mental health treatment use (antidepressant medication filled and/or psychotherapy)...
October 9, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
Mashhood Ahmed Sheikh
Several researchers have raised the concern that the cross-sectional association of retrospectively reported childhood adversity with self-reported onset of asthma and chronic bronchitis in adulthood may be confounded, as well as mediated by an individual's mental health. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of retrospectively reported childhood adversity on self-reported onset of asthma and chronic bronchitis in adulthood, independent of potential confounding and mediating variables (including respondent's mental health)...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Hyun Goo Kang, Hyun Young Park, Han Uk Ryu, Seung-Han Suk
Low bone mineral density (BMD) is correlated with Alzheimer's disease and its severity, but the association remains unclear in adults (≥50 years) without a history of stroke or dementia.We assessed BMD and cognitive function using the Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) in 650 stroke- and dementia-free subjects (≥50 years) who were recruited for an early health check-up program between January 2009 and December 2010.The mean age was 62.9 ± 8.0 years and mean MMSE score was 27.6 ± 3.6. A total of 361 subjects had reduced BMD: 197 (30...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hajime Iwasa, Yoshitake Takebayashi, Yuriko Suzuki, Akiko Yagi, Wen Zhang, Mayumi Harigane, Masaharu Maeda, Tetsuya Ohira, Hirooki Yabe, Seiji Yasumura
We investigated the psychometric properties of the simplified Japanese version of the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS-SJ) using baseline data from the Fukushima Health Management Survey. Data from 22 878 men and 27 669 women aged 16 years and older were analysed (Mage  = 52.9 ± 18.6). Participants lived in the Fukushima evacuation zone and experienced the Great East Japan Earthquake. The AIS-SJ was used to assess participants' insomnia symptoms, and its validity was examined by administering the Kessler 6-item Psychological Distress Scale (K6) and assessing education, self-rated health and disaster-related experiences...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
Montakarn Chuemchit, Suttharuethai Chernkwanma, Ratana Somrongthong, Denise L Spitzer
Purpose: Domestic violence has been linked to many health consequences. It can impact women's mental, physical, sexual, and reproductive health, and all of these effects can be long lasting. Despite the growing awareness of the deleterious effects of domestic violence in Thailand, there have been few nation-wide studies that have examined the issue and its consequences. In fact, Thailand has not examined intimate partner violence incidence for the past 20 years. This study aimed to investigate the consequences of domestic violence across the country...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Anusha M Vable, Alison K Cohen, Stephanie A Leonard, M Maria Glymour, Catherine D P Duarte, Irene H Yen
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests education is an important life course determinant of health, but few studies examine differential returns to education by sociodemographic subgroup. METHODS: Using National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (n = 6158) cohort data, we evaluate education attained by age 25 years and physical health (PCS) and mental health component summary scores (MCS) at age 50 years. Race / ethnicity, sex, geography, immigration status, and childhood socioeconomic status (cSES) were evaluated as effect modifiers in birth year adjusted linear regression models...
September 6, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Daniela Alberico, Edgardo Somigliana, Benedetta Bracco, Dridi Dhouha, Anna Roberto, Paola Mosconi, Federica Facchin, Paolo Vercellini
OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential benefits of pregnancy on endometriosis symptoms. This is a retrospective study that has been conducted at Academic department and referral center for endometriosis. STUDY DESIGN: We included all conservative women who had a live birth after at least one surgery for endometriosis and who reported pre-pregnancy moderate to severe pelvic pain symptoms (at least one among dysmenorrhea, deep dyspareunia, non menstrual pelvic pain and dyschezia)...
August 22, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Carolina Silva, Cláudia Ferreira, Ana Laura Mendes, Joana Marta-Simões
Early affiliative experiences play an important role in social and emotional development. Several authors have suggested that early positive experiences may be recorded as memories of warmth and soothing. However, the relationship between such memories and current feelings of social safeness and connectedness remains scarcely studied. The current study examined the association between recall of early positive affiliative experiences (with family and peers) and women's social safeness. External shame and fear of others' compassion were hypothesized to be mediators in these associations...
October 11, 2018: Women & Health
Roger T Anderson, Lauren C Peres, Fabian Camacho, Elisa V Bandera, Ellen Funkhouser, Patricia G Moorman, Lisa E Paddock, Edward S Peters, Sarah E Abbott, Anthony J Alberg, Jill Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa Bondy, Michele L Cote, Ann G Schwartz, Paul Terry, Joellen M Schildkraut
OBJECTIVE: While the incidence of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is lower among African American (AA) women compared with European American (EA) women, AA women have markedly worse outcomes. In this study, we describe individual, social, and societal factors in health-related quality of life (HRQL) in AA women diagnosed with EOC in the African American Cancer Epidemiology Study (AACES) that we hypothesize may influence a patient's capacity to psychosocially adjust to a diagnosis of cancer...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
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