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Mental health in women

Miodrag Stojanović, Goran Cvetanović, Marija Anđelković-Apostolović, Dijana Stojanović, Nataša Rančić
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been one of the leading chronic diseases worldwide over past decades. The objective of the study was to identify predictors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in diabetic patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted at the General Hospital of the city of Leskovac, between June and November 2015. The Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire, EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) and EuroQol-VAS (EQ-VAS) questionnaires were used...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Anja Schaich, Anna L Westermair, Matthias Munz, Stefan Nitsche, Bastian Willenborg, Christina Willenborg, Heribert Schunkert, Jeanette Erdmann, Ulrich Schweiger
Background: Psychological problems are common in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and are associated with poor outcome. However, data on the prevalence of distinct mental disorders and their relevance to patients' functioning in daily life are scarce. Method: In this retrospective study, a total of 514 German patients with CAD as diagnosed by cardiac catheterization were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview 5.0.0 (M.I.N.I.) and psychosocial functioning was evaluated using the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Mert Ulaş Barut, Hakan Çoksüer, Sibel Sak, Murat Bozkurt, Elif Ağaçayak, Uğur Hamurcu, Didem Kurban, Süleyman Eserdağ
BACKGROUND Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH), or secondary hypogonadism, results from reduced secretion of gonadotropins, including follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), by the pituitary gland, resulting in lack of production of sex steroids. The aim of this study was to evaluate self-reported sexual function in sexually active women with and without HH using two evaluation methods, the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). MATERIAL AND METHODS The study recruited 88 women who attended an outpatient in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinic in Turkey for primary infertility, between August 2013 and August 2016...
August 12, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Katie L Stone, Qian Xiao
Many aspects of sleep and circadian rhythms change as people age. Older adults usually experience decrease in sleep duration and efficiency, increase in sleep latency and fragmentation, high prevalence of sleep disorders, and weakened rest-activity rhythms. Research evidence suggests that women are more likely to report aging-related sleep problems. This review presents epidemiologic and clinical evidence on the relationships between sleep deficiency and physical and mental outcomes in older women, explores potential mechanisms underlying such relationships, points out gaps in the literature that warrant future investigations, and considers implications in clinical and public health settings...
September 2018: Sleep Medicine Clinics
Kari Grethe Hjorthaug Gallaher, Anastasiya Slyepchenko, Benicio N Frey, Kristin Urstad, Signe K Dørheim
Women often experience sleep disturbances and worsening sleep quality throughout pregnancy and postpartum. Circadian rhythms are closely linked to sleep problems and mood disorders. This systematic review provides a summary of studies of circadian rhythms and associated sleep problems and maternal distress, among postpartum women. Articles were idenitfied through a systematic literature search. Circadian rhythm disturbances were strongly correlated with depression, social factors and mothers`s exposure to light postpartum...
September 2018: Sleep Medicine Clinics
Laura C Pinheiro, Devon K Check, Donald Rosenstein, Katherine E Reeder-Hayes, Stacie Dusetzina
BACKGROUND: Compared to non-Hispanic Whites, Hispanic women are more likely to report pain, depression, and other mental health concerns. However, little is known about Hispanic women's use of supportive medications, and whether use differs depending on nativity (US- vs. foreign-born). This study's objectives were to examine patterns of supportive medication use and investigate potential differences by ethnicity/nativity among women with breast cancer. METHODS: We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results data linked with Medicare claims to identify women diagnosed with incident breast cancer between July 1, 2007, and December 31, 2011...
August 10, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Despina Pampaka, Stefania I Papatheodorou, Mohammad AlSeaidan, Rihab Al Wotayan, Rosalind J Wright, Julie E Buring, Douglas W Dockery, Costas A Christophi
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of antenatal depressive symptoms, identify relevant risk factors, and assess comorbid mental health problems, among pregnant women enrolled in a population based study. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of data collected from 1916 pregnant women who participated in the TRansgenerational Assessment of Children's Environmental Risk (TRACER) study in Kuwait, and had answered the Baseline Questionnaire and completed the Edinburgh Depression Scale (EDS)...
September 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Cristina Sestili, Stefania Scalingi, Sara Cianfanelli, Alice Mannocci, Angela Del Cimmuto, Simone De Sio, Massimiliano Chiarini, Marco Di Muzio, Paolo Villari, Maria De Giusti, Giuseppe La Torre
Academics often have to face with burnout syndrome at work. This cross-sectional study evaluates the reliability of the Italian version of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) in a sample of Academics of Sapienza University of Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, through an online questionnaire composed of the CBI, SF12 Health Survey, and Positivity Scale. Univariate, bivariate, multivariate analyses, and Cronbach α coefficients of CBI were performed. Ninety-five participants completed the questionnaire (response rate 85%)...
August 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Justine Orr, Charles N Bernstein, Lesley A Graff, Scott B Patten, James M Bolton, Jitender Sareen, James J Marriott, John D Fisk, Ruth Ann Marrie
BACKGROUND: Within the multiple sclerosis (MS) population, depression and anxiety are highly prevalent comorbidities that are associated with adverse outcomes such as diminished quality of life and disability progression. In the general population, many people who do not meet formal diagnostic criteria for depression or anxiety disorders still identify a need for mental health care. Limited data are available regarding the perceived need for mental health care among persons with MS. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine factors associated with a perceived need for mental health care in the MS population...
July 29, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Francis Barchi, Samantha C Winter, Danielle Dougherty, Peggie Ramaphane, Phyllis L Solomon
Although links between mental health and intimate partner violence (IPV) have been discussed extensively in the scholarly literature, little empirical data exist about these phenomena in Botswana. This study addressed this gap by examining the nature, extent, and risk factors associated with symptoms of major depressive disorders (MDD) using cross-sectional data collected in 2009-2010 in northwestern Botswana. A random sample of 469 women participated in semistructured interviews about their lives, health, and experiences with violence...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Bushra Sabri, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Jill T Messing
Intimate partner homicide (IPH) is a significant public health issue that has negative consequences for families and communities. Evidence is needed to support heterogeneity among groups affected by IPHs. This study examined differences in characteristics of male-perpetrated and female-perpetrated killings of native-born and foreign-born residents in the United States. We analyzed 2003-2013 IPH homicide data collected in 19 U.S. states by the National Violence Death Reporting System, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, comparing IPH cases where the victim was U...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Deborah De Moortel, Nico Dragano, Christophe Vanroelen, Morten Wahrendorf
OBJECTIVES: Working more (overemployment) or less (underemployment) than preferred has been associated with poor mental health in cross-sectional studies, but longitudinal evidence is scarce. We investigate whether under- and overemployment is associated with 2-year changes of mental health and whether associations vary by job rewards (i.e. high earnings, job security, promotion prospects and occupational prestige). METHODS: We used two waves of the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), with information on mental health collected in 2006 and 2008...
August 9, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Bethany A Caruso, Hannah L F Cooper, Regine Haardörfer, Kathryn M Yount, Parimita Routray, Belen Torondel, Thomas Clasen
Emerging qualitative research suggests women's sanitation experiences may impact mental health. However, specific associations remain unclear. We aimed to determine if sanitation access and sanitation experiences were associated with mental health among women in rural Odisha, India. Using a cross-sectional design, we evaluated the association between sanitation access and sanitation experiences and selected mental health outcomes. Data were collected from 1347 randomly selected women across four life course stages in 60 rural communities (December 2014-February 2015)...
August 2018: SSM—Population Health
Avita Rose Johnson, Meera George, B Ramakrishna Goud, T Sulekha
Introduction: Antepartum anxiety and depression are two of the most common risk factors for the development of postpartum depression. Women are at a higher risk of developing depression and suffering from mental disorders during pregnancy and the postnatal period. Psychopathological symptoms during pregnancy have physiological consequences for the fetus, such as impaired blood flow leading to low birth weight, as well as cognitive delay and behavioral problems. Objectives: To screen antenatal women for common mental health disorders and to determine the factors associated with mental health disorders during pregnancy...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Faith Owunari Benebo, Barbara Schumann, Masoud Vaezghasemi
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women has been recognised as a public health problem with far-reaching consequences for the physical, reproductive, and mental health of women. The ecological framework portrays intimate partner violence as a multifaceted phenomenon, demonstrating the interplay of factors at different levels: individual, community, and the larger society. The present study examined the effect of individual- and community-level factors on IPV in Nigeria, with a focus on women's status and community-level norms among men...
August 9, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Lina Behm, Eva Björkman, Gerd Ahlström
BACKGROUND: Older people with multi-morbidity are major users of healthcare and are often discharged from hospital with ongoing care needs. This care is frequently provided by informal caregivers and the time immediately after discharge is challenging for caregivers with new and/or additional tasks, resulting in anxiety and stress. AIM: This study aimed to describe mental health, with particular reference to anxiety and depression and reactions to caregiving, and to investigate any associations between the two, in next of kin of older people with multi-morbidity after hospitalisation...
August 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Simon Nderitu Githui, Margaret Chege, Miriam Ca Wagoro, James Mwaura
Background information: Domestic Violence (DV) is associated with serious consequences to the survivor's physical, emotional, sexual, social and mental well-being. DV screening ensures timely detection of violence and hence promotes timely intervention. This timely intervention has the potential of averting adverse outcomes of DV to the survivor. Globally, the prevalence of DV among women is 35% and in Kenya its 49% among women and 13.5% among pregnant women. Despite the adverse outcome of DV in pregnancy, screening during pregnancy lags behind in Kenya...
2018: Journal of community & public health nursing
Maryam Kousha, Hossein Alizadeh Bagheri, Abtin Heydarzadeh
Background: Residency is one of the most critical periods of medical education. Residents are susceptible in high risk for mental problems which can affect the doctor-patient relationship. Emotional intelligence (EI) correlates closely with stress and mental health. Considering the important role of EI in medical education and with regard to lack of studies in this group in Iran, this study conducted to determine the relationship between EI and stress, anxiety, and depression in a sample of resident physician in our university of medical sciences...
March 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Clare L Taylor, Robert J Stewart, Louise M Howard
BACKGROUND: Relapse of serious mental illness (psychotic and bipolar disorders; SMI) in the postpartum period is potentially devastating for mother and baby. There is limited evidence on whether medication in the perinatal period is protective against postpartum relapse for women with SMI particularly non-affective psychoses. We aimed to investigate risk factors for postpartum relapse, particularly the potential prophylactic effects of medication. METHODS: Using an anonymised resource of comprehensive electronic secondary mental health care records linked with maternity data, women with history of SMI who gave birth from 2007 to 2011 were identified...
August 5, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Zachary W Walker, Abigail R Vinson, Dean Babcock, Tara Benjamin, David M Haas
The aim of this study was to explore the "opiate misuse footprint" made by obstetrics and gynecology physicians in prescribing opioid medications for postpartum pain control that led to opioid misuse and opioid use disorder. Data were collected using intake information and anonymous surveys administered to pregnant women at local methadone clinics in Indianapolis, Indiana, in 2016-2017. Results from this study revealed that 40% of the 33 participants stated that the first drug they became addicted to was prescription opioids; 71% stated that the first opiate they became addicted to was a prescription pain medication...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
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