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Fear in psychology

Simon Dunne, Laura Coffey, Linda Sharp, Deirdre Desmond, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Eleanor O'Sullivan, Aileen Timmons, Ivan Keogh, Conrad Timon, Pamela Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Self-management may help cancer survivors to better deal with challenges to their physical, functional, social and psychological well-being presented by cancer and its treatment. Nonetheless, little is known about how people integrate cancer self-management practices into their daily lives. The aim of this study was to describe and characterise the processes through which head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors attempt to integrate self-management into their daily lives following primary treatment...
December 8, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Anne Lyberg, Bente Dahl, Megumi Haruna, Mizuki Takegata, Elisabeth Severinsson
Aim: To conduct a meta-study of qualitative empirical research to explore the links between patient safety and fear of childbirth in the maternity care context. The review questions were: How are patient safety and fear of childbirth described? and What are the links between patient safety and fear of childbirth in the maternity care context? Design: Meta-study. Data sources: The CINAHL, Cochrane, PubMed, Webb of Science, Proquest and Medline (Ovid) electronic databases were searched for articles published between June 2000-June 2016...
January 2019: Nursing Open
Jo-Hanna Planchard, Karine Corrion, Lisa Lehmann, Fabienne d'Arripe-Longueville
Background: Many of the studies on worksite physical activity (PA) have investigated either the effectiveness of PA programs for employees and the work-related outcomes or health promotion interventions to increase PA. However, studies on barriers and enabling factors for participation are scarce and have generally not been theoretically grounded. The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify worksite PA barriers and facilitators from the perspective of the transtheoretical model of change (TTM). Methods: Thirty employees (15 females and 15 males; Mage = 44...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
George Savulich, Hannah Jeanes, Nicole Rossides, Sahaj Kaur, Alice Zacharia, Trevor W Robbins, Barbara J Sahakian
Impaired social cognitive processes are putative psychological mechanisms implicated in the formation and maintenance of paranoid beliefs. Paranoia denotes unfounded fears about the hostile intentions of others and is prevalent in a significant proportion of the general population. We investigated social cognition in healthy participants selectively recruited to have a broad occurrence of paranoid thinking ( n = 89). Participants completed a novel computerized task of moral emotions and two social economic exchange games (Prisoner's Dilemma, Ultimatum Game) from the EMOTICOM neuropsychological test battery...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Graeme Fairchild
Conduct disorder (CD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), collectively termed disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs), are a major cause of impairment and suffering in those affected by these conditions and their families and communities. The prevalence of DBDs is estimated at 5-14% in school-aged children,1 and they are costly to society and linked with negative adult outcomes.2 Unfortunately, few effective psychological treatments are available, and there is a lack of evidence-based pharmacological treatments for DBDs...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Filiz Dirikkan, Leyla Baysan Arabacı, Ece Mutlu
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional, descriptive study evaluated the relationship between the caregiver burden and the psychosocial adjustment of caregivers to cardiac failure patients. METHODS: Between November 18, 2015 and March 1, 2016, a preliminary information form, the Caregiver Burden Scale, and the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale were used to assess the caregivers of 200 patients being treated in the cardiology service of a university hospital. RESULTS: Among the caregivers, 75% were primary or secondary school graduates, 36% were housewives, and 43% were the patients' spouse...
December 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Jeanette Sora Trinderup, Annette Fisker, Carsten Bogh Juhl, Tom Petersen
BACKGROUND: Subgrouping patients with chronic low back pain is recommended prior to selecting treatment strategy, and fear avoidance beliefs is a commonly addressed psychological factor used to help this subgrouping. The results of the predictive value of fear avoidance beliefs in patients with chronic low back pain in prognostic studies are, however, not in concordance. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the association between fear avoidance beliefs at baseline and unsuccessful outcome on sick leave, disability and pain at 12-month follow-up in patients with entirely chronic low back pain...
December 3, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Ricardo de Oliveira-Souza
The psychological and psychiatric literature has seldom appreciated the clinical fact that fears of ghosts and kindred supernatural worries may be a cause of intense discomfort, poor sleep, and socio-occupational impairment. In the present article, this claim is illustrated by the clinical features of six patients who developed intense anxiety when they had to sleep alone at night. The fears were first noticed in childhood and persisted into adolescence and adulthood. At these times, they were overwhelmed by images of ghosts and haunted houses often experiencing a vivid impression that an immaterial being not perceivable by the ordinary senses was hovering around...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Christoph Benke, Elischa Krause, Alfons O Hamm, Christiane A Pané-Farré
Excessive anxiety and avoidance during provocation of body symptoms are core features of anxiety-related disorders and might contribute to the development and maintenance of these disorders. Previous studies examined psychological (anxiety sensitivity, fear of suffocation and trait anxiety) and biobehavioral (breath-holding time) predictors of reported anxiety during symptom provocation. However, the role of these predictors on avoidance of feared body symptoms remains unclear. Therefore, the present work aimed at investigating the main and interactive effects of psychological and biobehavioral variables in predicting avoidance during provocation of dyspnea that successively increased in severity...
November 22, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
Zita Sándor, Márta Csabai
INTRODUCTION: Studying the psychological experience and the individual interpretation of a serious illness is an important task, as these factors can affect coping strategies and the psychological and somatic outcome of the illness. In clinical practice, to screen out maladaptive reactions and to effectively plan the psychological interventions, we need measuring tools that can be applied among a wide range of patients and can measure the illness-related emotional and cognitive representations in detail...
December 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Susanne Amsberg, Ingrid Wijk, Fredrik Livheim, Eva Toft, Unn-Britt Johansson, Therese Anderbro
INTRODUCTION: Integrating diabetes self-management into daily life involves a range of complex challenges for affected individuals. Environmental, social, behavioural and emotional psychological factors influence the lives of those with diabetes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of a stress management group intervention based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) among adults living with poorly controlled type 1 diabetes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study will use a randomised controlled trial design evaluating treatment as usual (TAU) and ACT versus TAU...
November 28, 2018: BMJ Open
Elizabeth A Claydon, Danielle M Davidov, Keith J Zullig, Christa L Lilly, Lesley Cottrell, Stephanie C Zerwas
BACKGROUND: Women with eating disorders are more likely to negatively react to finding out they are pregnant, although this difference in attitudes between women with eating disorders and controls disappears at 18-weeks' gestation. Those with anorexia also are twice as likely to have an unplanned pregnancy and those with bulimia have a 30-fold increased chance compared with healthy controls. Therefore, due to these considerations, pregnancy and the transition to motherhood can be an extremely challenging time for these women both psychologically and physically...
November 29, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Shu-Fen Niu, Tso-Ying Lee, Jui-Chen Tsai, Shih-Chun Hsing, Shu-Ching Wu, Ching-Chiu Kao
BACKGROUND: Nurses comprise a group in the healthcare team that is exposed to the highest levels of workplace violence. This not only causes negative emotions in nurses and adversely impacts the institution and the body and spirit of the nurses but also affects the quality of nursing care. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of physical and psychological workplace violence experienced by the nursing staff and to identify the perpetrators of violence, the reactions of the victims, and the policies developed by employers to prevent violence...
December 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Lauren M Federici, Izabela F Caliman, Stephanie D Fitz, Anantha Shekhar, Philip L Johnson
Panic attacks (PAs) are episodes of intense fear or discomfort that are accompanied by a variety of both psychological and somatic symptoms. Panic induction in preclinical models (e.g. rats) has largely been assayed through flight and avoidance behavioral tests and cardiorespiratory activity. Yet, the literature pertaining to PAs shows that thermal sensations (hot flushes/heat sensations and chills) are also a common symptom during PAs in humans. Considering that temperature alterations are objectively measurable in rodents, we hypothesized that select panicogenic drugs and stimuli induce consistent changes in thermoregulation related to hot flushes and chills...
November 21, 2018: Behavioural Pharmacology
Vincent Taschereau-Dumouchel, Ka-Yuet Liu, Hakwan Lau
The idea of targeting unconscious or implicit processes in psychological treatments is not new, but until recently it has not been easy to manipulate these processes without also engaging consciousness. Here we review how this is possible, using various modern cognitive neuroscience methods including a technique known as Decoded Neural-Reinforcement. We discuss the general advantages of this approach, such as how it can facilitate double-blind placebo-controlled studies, and minimize premature patient dropouts in the treatment of fear...
December 2018: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
Ines Testoni, Erika Iacona, Sonia Fusina, Maddalena Floriani, Matteo Crippa, Andrea Maccarini, Adriano Zamperini
The censorship of death and dying has removed the "memento mori" practices, and in order to reintroduce this practice, some "Before I die" projects have been increasingly implemented. Running in parallel, in the syllabi of social service and psychology students, some experiences of death education has commenced. This study illustrates the results of a qualitative research conducted on the "Before I die I want to …" Polaroid® Project (BIDIWT), which is divided into two phases...
July 2018: Health Psychology Open
Cláudia Ferreira, Bernardo Dias, Sara Oliveira
PURPOSE: Recent studies seem to support that being open to compassion from self and others is key for psychological and social well-being. In particular, findings indicated that fears of affiliative emotions are associated with negative affect and difficulties in threat regulation. The current study examined a path model which tested the direct and indirect effect of fears of compassion on both externalized and internalized body image-related shame, and the potential mediator role of self-criticism on these relationships...
November 7, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Asad E Patanwala, Charles Norwood, Heidi Steiner, Daniel Morrison, May Li, Keith Walsh, Marina Martinez, Sarah E Baker, Eric M Snyder, Jason H Karnes
Previous studies have shown associations between genetic polymorphisms and pain tolerance, but psychological evaluations are seldom measured. The objective of this study was to determine the independent effects of demographic, psychological and genetic predictors of cold noxious pain tolerance. Healthy subjects (n=89) completed the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) and Fear of Pain Questionnaire (FPQ-III), underwent genotyping for candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), and completed a cold-pressor test in a 1-2 degrees Celsius water bath for a maximum of three minutes...
November 23, 2018: Clinical and Translational Science
Farzaneh Rashidi Fakari, Masoumeh Simbar, Marzieh Saei Ghare Naz
Background: Pelvic Girdle Pain (PGP) is one of the most common problems during pregnancy. Psychological variables including attitude, belief, cognition, and fear have more effects on risk factors for back pain, compared to biomechanical factors. Moreover, fear and anxiety may be provoked by the prospect of pain, which is associated with higher levels of disability, compared to pain itself. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between fear-avoidance beliefs and pain in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain...
October 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
Zhang Li, Tiara Aninditha, Brahim Griene, Javier Francis, Paulo Renato, Alain Serrie, Indira Umareddy, Sebastien Boisseau, Yacine Hadjiat
Cancer pain is one of the most common, feared, debilitating, and often undertreated symptoms among cancer patients. It needs attention since it has a significant impact on the quality of life (QoL) of the patients. Also, since cancer has emerged as a major health problem in developing countries, there is a need to strengthen preventive strategies for effective cancer pain management and provide comfort to cancer patients. Nonetheless, various barriers limit developing countries toward optimal cancer pain management...
2018: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
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