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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243442/-regression-analysis-of-serum-bone-metabolic-markers-and-traditional-chinese-medicine-syndromes-in-patients-with-ckd-mbd
#1
Hai-Ming Yang, Xian-Jie Meng, Wei Wu, Ying-Lu Liu, Xiao-Juan Zhai
To analyze the interdependent relationship between serum bone metabolic markers and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes in patients with chronic kidney disease (stages 3 and 4)-related mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD), in order to provide the objective basis for exploring the rules of TCM syndrome differentiation in patients with CKD-MBD. The retrospective survey was conducted to collect 105 cases with CKD (stages 3 and 4)-MBD. General clinical indexes, frequency of TCM syndromes and distribution of TCM syndrome type were investigated...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240709/prevalence-of-albuminuria-in-children-living-in-a-rural-agricultural-and-fishing-subsistence-community-in-lake-chapala-mexico
#2
Felipe Lozano-Kasten, Erick Sierra-Diaz, Alfredo de Jesus Celis-de la Rosa, María Margarita Soto Gutiérrez, Alejandro Aarón Peregrina Lucano
The occurrence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) of unknown etiology in autochthonous child populations residing along the Lake Chapala lakeshore is endemic (Jalisco, México). The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of albuminuria in the pediatric population and to measure the glomerular filtration rate in children with two positive albuminuria tests. Urinary albumin was measured in 394 children. Subjects with two or more positive albuminuria test donated blood samples for the determination of serum biomarkers...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240673/urinary-fractional-excretion-of-phosphorus-in-dogs-with-spontaneous-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
Cínthia Ribas Martorelli, Márcia Mery Kogika, Fernanda Chicharo Chacar, Douglas Segalla Caragelasco, Ana Carolina Brandão de Campos Fonseca Pinto, Carla Aparecida Batista Lorigados, Lúcia Conceição Andrade
The increase of urinary fractional excretion of phosphorus (uFEP) may indicate phosphorus retention before the onset of hyperphosphatemia in the early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The hypothesis of this study is whether uFEP may increase during the early stage of CKD as a compensatory mechanism to prevent hyperphosphatemia as well as whether hyperphosphatemia in the late stages is associated with increase or decrease in uFEP in dogs with naturally occurring CKD; therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the uFEP in CKD dogs with different stages...
December 14, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239058/maternal-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-its-association-with-offspring-renal-function-at-30-years-observation-from-a-birth-cohort-study
#4
Sumon Kumar Das, Harold David McIntyre, Rosa Alati, Abdullah Al Mamun
AIM: Prenatal exposure to alcohol has adverse ramifications on foetal development resulting in developmental abnormalities and major congenital anomalies. Experimental studies have documented effects on kidney structure and function among offspring exposed to alcohol during foetal life; however, human evidence is scarce. Thus, the present study aimed to determine the development of CKD among a cohort of 30-year-old Australian offspring whose mothers reported consumption of alcohol during pregnancy...
December 14, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238172/closing-the-loop-in-person-centered-care-patient-experiences-of-a-chronic-kidney-disease-self-management-intervention
#5
Kathryn Havas, Clint Douglas, Ann Bonner
Purpose: The provision of self-management support (SMS) for people with earlier stages (1-4) of chronic kidney disease (CKD) can improve patient outcomes and extend time to dialysis. However, attempts to deliver such support have often not taken patient preferences into account. After the development, implementation, and quantitative evaluation of the person-centered CKD-SMS intervention, the aim of this study was to investigate participant experiences and perceptions of the program, as well as to seek suggestions to improve future SMS attempts...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237106/home-therapy-to-reduce-office-visits-for-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-anemia
#6
Monica V Riley, Joy Vess, Bonnie Pleasants Dumas
Anemia is a common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and a predictor of increased mortality. This project integrated erythropoietin-stimulating agent (ESA) with CKD care under one practice setting, co-managing anemia with CKD while reducing frequency of office visits in a rural setting. Patients self-administered their weekly dosage of erythropoietin with monthly follow-ups. As a result, office visits decreased by 56% for patients with CKD Stage 4 and by 54% for patients with CKD Stage 5.
January 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231750/concordance-with-prescribing-information-dosage-recommendations-for-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Huan Huang, Sharash Shetty, Elise Bauer, Kathleen Lang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the proportion of patients with moderate to severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) whose initial DPP4-i dosage was concordant with prescribing information (label) recommendations in the United States. METHODS: Adult patients with T2DM who initiated a DPP4-i (linagliptin, sitagliptin, saxagliptin) between Jan 1, 2011 and Jun 30, 2014 were identified using electronic medical records and administrative claims, with index date being the date of first observed DPP4-i treatment...
December 12, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228604/bcl-3-is-a-novel-biomarker-of-renal-fibrosis-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Ran Chen, Lunshan Wang, Sanhong Liu, Xi Chen, Yiming Hu, Hanshao Liu, Haohao Zhang, Yuhang Jiang, Qi Wang, Deji Ye, Lingling Li, Dandan Liu, Xiaorong Pan, Lixin Wei, Xuemei Li, Xiaoren Zhang
Progressive renal fibrosis in chronic kidney disease (CKD) greatly contributes to end-stage renal failure and is associated with high mortality. The identification of renal fibrosis biomarkers for the diagnosis and the monitoring of disease progression in CKD is urgently needed. Whole-transcriptomic analysis of renal tissues in a unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) mouse model revealed that the mRNA level of Bcl-3, an atypical member of the IκB family, was induced 6.3-fold 2 days after UUO. Compared with renal tissues in sham-operated mice, increases in Bcl-3 mRNA and protein in the renal tissues in the UUO model were accompanied with increases in other markers of renal fibrosis, including human epididymis protein 4 (HE4), a recently identified biomarker of renal fibrosis...
November 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227003/association-between-end-stage-diabetic-nephropathy-and-mthfr-c677t-and-a1298c-gene-polymorphisms
#9
Gnanasambandan Ramanathan, Bollimpalli Harichandana, Suresh Kannan, Ramprasad Elumalai, Solomon Paul
AIM: Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is a regulatory enzyme of homocysteine metabolism. The C677T and A1298C polymorphism of the MTHFR gene has been reported to be associated with elevated plasma homocysteine in patients with Diabetic nephropathy. This study aimed to investigate the influence of the C677T and A1298C polymorphisms on the progression chronic kidney disease in diabetic nephropathy of south Indian population. METHODS: We genotyped 145 DN cases and 100 controls for the C677T and A1298C polymorphisms using PCR-RFLP based protocols, and all diabetic nephropathy cases divided into two groups based on CKD stages: 60 DN cases were early stage (CKD1 to CKD3) and 85 DN cases were advanced stage (CKD4 and CKD5)...
December 11, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226654/evaluation-of-hepcidin-and-atherosclerosis-in-dialysis-patients
#10
Victor Manolov, Julia Petrova, Boris Bogov, Savina Hadjidekova, Vasil Vasilev, Dyana Yonova, Maria Petrova, Todor Kunchev, Yavor Jelev, Petar Jeliazkov, Borislav Marinov, Ivo Bogov, Zlatina Gramatikova, Silviya Voleva, Kamen Tzatchev, Latchezar Traykov
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition that involves 10% - 15% of population worldwide, which increases the risk of cardio-vascular diseases (CVD). Chronic kidney disease is one of the main reasons for illness and mortality in the world. Chronic kidney disease is a serious health problem caused by involvement of a large number of patients with kidney injury, especially in industrial countries. Among the main reasons for this are population living longer and the number of diseases in elderly persons, such as diabetes mellitus type 2, hypertension, and cardio-vascular diseases...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225808/symptom-burden-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-not-requiring-renal-replacement-therapy
#11
Stephanie A Brown, Freya C Tyrer, Amy L Clarke, Laetitia H Lloyd-Davies, Andrew G Stein, Carolyn Tarrant, James O Burton, Alice C Smith
Background: Although evidence shows that patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) experience a high symptom burden which impacts on quality of life (QoL), less is known about patients with earlier stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study aimed to explore symptom burden and potential contributing factors in patients with CKD Stage 1-5 not requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT). Methods: Patients with CKD Stage 1-5 and not on RRT were asked to report their symptoms using the Leicester Uraemic Symptom Score (LUSS), a questionnaire which assesses the frequency and intrusiveness of 11 symptoms commonly reported by kidney patients...
December 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223662/-discrepancies-and-confluences-in-perception-between-patients-and-nephrologists-of-chronic-kidney-disease-impact-on-vital-impetus-in-adults-not-undergoing-hemodialysis-results-of-the-french-maeva-study
#12
Jean-Philippe Bertocchio, Thierry Baranger, Myriam Isnard-Rouchon, Philippe Zaoui, Christiane Mousson, Gibert Deray
RATIONALE: The impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on vital impetus is poorly documented in patients not undergoing renal dialysis and discrepancies can be observed between patients and physicians in perception of QoL and impact of the disease. METHODS: A self-questionnaire was sent to 1282 French nephrologists and a mirrored self-questionnaire was given to patients (CKD stage 3, 4 or 5) by their nephrologist. Data were collected prospectively and anonymously...
December 6, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221436/prevalence-and-related-risk-factors-of-chronic-kidney-disease-among-adults-in-luxembourg-evidence-from-the-observation-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-oriscav-lux-study
#13
Ala'a Alkerwi, Nicolas Sauvageot, Illiasse El Bahi, Charles Delagardelle, Jean Beissel, Stephanie Noppe, Paul J Roderick, Jennifer S Mindell, Saverio Stranges
BACKGROUND: Evidence on stages of renal impairment and related risk factors in Luxembourg is lacking. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and identify potential correlates among the general population, using the recent definition suggested by the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes guidelines. METHODS: Data analysed from 1361 participants aged 18-69 years, enrolled in the Observation of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Luxembourg (ORISCAV-LUX) study, 2007-08...
December 8, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217881/reduced-baroreflex-sensitivity-decreased-heart-rate-variability-with-increased-arterial-stiffness-in-predialysis
#14
C Lal, M Kaur, A K Jaryal, K K Deepak, D Bhowmik, S K Agarwal
High cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is observed in predialytic chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. The underlying mechanism of cardiovascular dysfunction often remains unclear. The present study was designed to perform multiparametric assessment of baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), arterial stiffness indices, and cardiovascular variabilities (heart rate variability [HRV] and blood pressure variability [BPV]) together in predialytic CKD patients; compare it with normal healthy controls; and determine their relationships in predialytic nondiabetic CKD patients...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214443/contribution-of-symmetric-dimethylarginine-to-gfr-decline-in-pediatric-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
Ellen R Brooks, Shannon Haymond, Alfred Rademaker, Christopher Pierce, Irene Helenowski, Rod Passman, Faye Vicente, Bradley A Warady, Susan L Furth, Craig B Langman
BACKGROUND: In pediatric chronic kidney disease (pCKD), traditional factors (proteinuria, etiology, and race) do not fully explain disease progression. The levels of methylated arginine derivatives (MADs: asymmetric and symmetric dimethylarginine, respectively) rise in CKD and increase with CKD progression. The impact of MADs on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decline has not been examined in pCKD. The aim of this study was to examine the additive impact of baseline (BL) levels of MADs on directly measured GFR (mGFR) decline per year (ml/min/1...
December 7, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212466/exploring-the-use-of-tablet-computer-based-electronic-data-capture-system-to-assess-patient-reported-measures-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-pilot-study
#16
Dorothy Wong, Shen Cao, Heather Ford, Candice Richardson, Dmitri Belenko, Evan Tang, Luca Ugenti, Eleanor Warsmann, Amanda Sissons, Yalinie Kulandaivelu, Nathaniel Edwards, Marta Novak, Madeline Li, Istvan Mucsi
BACKGROUND: Collecting patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) via computer-based electronic data capture system may improve feasibility and facilitate implementation in clinical care. We report our initial experience about the acceptability of touch-screen tablet computer-based, self-administered questionnaires among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), including stage 5 CKD treated with renal replacement therapies (RRT) (either dialysis or transplant). METHODS: We enrolled a convenience sample of patients with stage 4 and 5 CKD (including patients on dialysis or after kidney transplant) in a single-centre, cross-sectional pilot study...
December 6, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212081/in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-short-term-blood-pressure-variability-is-associated-with-the-presence-and-severity-of-sleep-disorders
#17
Martino F Pengo, Donatella Ioratti, Valeria Bisogni, Verdiana Ravarotto, Barbara Rossi, Luciana Bonfante, Francesca Simioni, Federico Nalesso, Giuseppe Maiolino, Lorenzo A Calò
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients blood pressure variability (BPV) is associated with poor outcome. Sleep disturbances alter BP profiles in hypertensives but their influence on BPV in CKD patients is unknown. We screened a cohort of CKD/ESRD patients to investigate whether sleep quality impacts on BPV. METHODS: Consecutive CKD patients' sleep quality was assessed using validated questionnaires (Epworth Sleepiness Scale-ESS); International Restless legs scale-IRLS; Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire-FOSQ: Insomnia Severity Index-ISI; STOP-Bang)...
November 28, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207812/prediction-of-major-adverse-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-events-macce-after-thoracic-surgery-the-role-of-estimated-gfr
#18
Shibani Padhy, Prachi Kar, Gopinath Ramachandran
Introducton: Little is known about the prognostic utility of preoperative estimated GFR (eGFR) on perioperative Major Adverse Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Events (MACCE) in apparently lower risk patients undergoing moderate risk surgeries like thoracotomy. Aim: The current study sought to identify a clinically relevant cut-off value of eGFR for identifying thoracotomy patients at higher risk for MACCE. Materials and Methods: Between July 2012 and July 2016, 436 consecutive patients were retrospectively studied after elective thoracotomy in a single institution...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207226/-the-treatment-of-the-patient-presenting-with-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-and-fragility-fractures
#19
REVIEW
Andrea Giusti, Maria Fusaro
Fragility fractures occur in all stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to low bone mineral density and poor bone quality (namely osteoporosis), as well as in CKD-mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBD). As in postmenopausal women and older adults, the prompt identification of CKD subjects with a history of fragility fractures is crucial in order to implement strategies to reduce the risk of new fragility fractures and their consequences. The treatment of severe osteoporosis for patients with stages 1-3 CKD should not differ from patients without CKD, while clinical decisions and pharmacological treatments in subjects with stages 4-5/5D CKD differ greatly, being more tricky and challenging...
December 5, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198643/validity-of-a-risk-prediction-equation-for-ckd-after-10-years-of-follow-up-in-a-japanese-population-the-ibaraki-prefectural-health-study
#20
Mitsumasa Umesawa, Toshimi Sairenchi, Yasuo Haruyama, Masanori Nagao, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Fujiko Irie, Hiroshi Watanabe, Gen Kobashi, Hiroyasu Iso, Hitoshi Ota
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important health problem for which risk equations have been developed for Western populations. This study aimed to develop and validate a risk prediction equation for CKD in a Japanese population. STUDY DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: The study included 135,007 participants who completed an annual health checkup in 1993 to 1996 in the Ibaraki Prefecture in Japan. Participants were initially free of CKD (defined as stage 3, 4, or 5 CKD or proteinuria [2+ or 3+] by dipstick)...
November 30, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
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