keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hydrocephalus treatment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217390/management-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#1
REVIEW
Giovanni Grasso, Concetta Alafaci, R Loch Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) accounts for 5% of strokes and carries a poor prognosis. It affects around 6 cases per 100,000 patient years occurring at a relatively young age. METHODS: Common risk factors are the same as for stroke, and only in a minority of the cases, genetic factors can be found. The overall mortality ranges from 32% to 67%, with 10-20% of patients with long-term dependence due to brain damage. An explosive headache is the most common reported symptom, although a wide spectrum of clinical disturbances can be the presenting symptoms...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217383/management-dilemmas-in-a-rare-case-of-pituitary-apoplexy-in-the-setting-of-dengue-hemorrhagic-fever
#2
S J Balaparameswara Rao, Amey R Savardekar, B N Nandeesh, A Arivazhagan
BACKGROUND: Pituitary apoplexy occurs due to infarction or hemorrhage, within a pituitary adenoma or a nontumorous pituitary gland and can have catastrophic consequences. Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a severe manifestation of the spectrum of dengue virus infection and is characterized by high-grade fever, thrombocytopenia, hemorrhagic tendencies, and increased vascular permeability. Cases of incidentalomas complicated by DHF and presenting with apoplexy are extremely rare. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe the case of a 45-year-old gentleman who suffered an attack of pituitary apoplexy while being treated for DHF...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213196/rate-and-risk-factors-of-shunt-revision-in-pediatric-hydrocephalus-patients-population-based-study
#3
Joona Tervonen, Ville Leinonen, Juha E Jääskeläinen, Susanna Koponen, Terhi J Huttunen
BACKGROUND: Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) is a common treatment for patients with hydrocephalus (HC). However, it carries a risk for complications which may require further revisions. We studied the surgical outcome of pediatric hydrocephalus patients in a population-based setting. METHODS: A total of 80 patients of age ≤16 years old who required VPS due to HC were included, and their medical charts and imaging findings were studied. RESULTS: The mean age at the time of initial shunt placement was 3...
February 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212403/cerebrospinal-fluid-biomarkers-of-infantile-congenital-hydrocephalus
#4
David D Limbrick, Brandon Baksh, Clinton D Morgan, Gakwaya Habiyaremye, James P McAllister, Terrie E Inder, Deanna Mercer, David M Holtzman, Jennifer Strahle, Michael J Wallendorf, Diego M Morales
INTRODUCTION: Hydrocephalus is a complex neurological disorder with a pervasive impact on the central nervous system. Previous work has demonstrated derangements in the biochemical profile of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in hydrocephalus, particularly in infants and children, in whom neurodevelopment is progressing in parallel with concomitant neurological injury. The objective of this study was to examine the CSF of children with congenital hydrocephalus (CHC) to gain insight into the pathophysiology of hydrocephalus and identify candidate biomarkers of CHC with potential diagnostic and therapeutic value...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209310/paradoxical-ventriculomegaly-due-to-low-pressure-hydrocephalus-a-rare-complication-of-the-treatment-of-a-trapped-fourth-ventricle-case-report
#5
Neelan J Marianayagam, Netanel Ben Shalom, Saeed Yassin, Shalom Michowiz, Sagi Harnof, Gustavo Rajz
In this paper, we describe the rare phenomena of descending transtentorial herniation and paradoxical ventriculomegaly due to low pressure hydrocephalus. This resulted as a complication of treatment in a 14year old male patient, who had undergone multiple ventriculo-peritoneal shunt placements for hydrocephalus after resection of pilocytic astrocytoma. We discuss the etiology of this rare complication and our strategy for treatment. We emphasize the need for strategic placement of programmable shunts to avoid over shunting and associated complications such as tentorial herniation...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196729/delayed-expansion-of-an-intracranial-cyst-induced-by-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-in-a-patient-with-chiari-malformation-type-2
#6
Yoshinori Maki, Tsuyoshi Ohta, Hirokazu Onishi, Naoki Fukui, Masanori Morimoto
A male neonate was referred to our hospital for the treatment of myelomeningocele and hydrocephalus related to Chiari malformation type 2. After the placement of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt for hydrocephalus, an intracranial cyst, which was asymptomatic at first, expanded and caused clinical symptoms due to increased intracranial pressure. The expansion of the cyst was confirmed dominantly in the right lateral ventricle where the VP shunt was inserted. Intraoperative findings through a neuroendoscope suggested that the expanded cyst was an isolated lesion...
February 11, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193123/ventriculoportal-shunt-a-new-transomphalic-extraperitoneal-surgical-technique-in-treatment-of-hydrocephalus
#7
Valentin Titus Grigorean, Aurelia Mihaela Sandu, Mihai Popescu, Victor Strambu
AIM: The aim of this article was to report a new transomphalic extraperitoneal surgical technique for treatment of hydrocephalus, called ventriculoportal shunt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed ventriculoportal shunt on an experimental animal (pig). The particularity of ventriculoportal shunt consists in the fact that the distal end of the catheter is inserted transomphalic extraperitoneally in the portal system through reopened umbilical vein. We present technical details regarding this new surgical technique...
February 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186478/meaningful-use-an-electronic-medical-record-tool-for-cerebrospinal-fluid-shunt-history
#8
Lance S Governale, Jeffrey M Hoffman
The care of patients with shunted hydrocephalus can be complicated. The best assessment is provided when all data are available to the neurosurgery practitioner. However, data can be time-consuming to gather, especially in the setting of a busy practice, a trainee environment with duty-hour restrictions, and an electronic medical record (EMR) not specifically designed for the needs of subspecialists. For these reasons, the complete clinical picture, especially the historical component, is sometimes not assembled...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184323/congenital-tuberculosis-a-newborn-case-report-with-rare-manifestation
#9
Hadi Khorsand Zak, Shahin Mafinezhad, Ali Haghbin
INTRODUCTION: Congenital tuberculosis is an infrequently encountered condition and only 300 cases were reported in the literature till 1989. There are no specific signs and symptoms pathognomonic for congenital TB, and the devastating consequences in the absence of early therapy signify the importance of early diagnosis and treatment during the neonatal period. CASE PRESENTATION: In this paper we report on a case of congenital TB in a newborn who was admitted to our clinic with seizures and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) due to TB meningitis...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180040/evaluation-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-related-complications-in-intracranial-meningioma-with-hydrocephalus
#10
Shyamal C Bir, Shabal Sapkota, Tanmoy K Maiti, Subhas Konar, Papireddy Bollam, Anil Nanda
Objective Meningioma is a common intracranial tumor that predisposes patients to hydrocephalus which may require a permanent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion procedure such as ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts. We reviewed our long-term experience with VP shunts for the management of hydrocephalus in patients with meningioma. Methods and Materials A total of 48 Patients with meningioma who underwent VP shunt insertion for hydrocephalus from 1990 to 2013 was included in our case series. The study population was evaluated clinically and radiographically after VP shunt placement...
February 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178712/surgical-treatment-for-leptomeningeal-disease
#11
REVIEW
Andrey A Volkov, Andreas K Filis, Frank D Vrionis
BACKGROUND: Advancements in cancer treatment have led to more cases of leptomeningeal disease, which requires a multimodal approach. METHODS: Treatment modalities are reviewed from a neurosurgical standpoint, focusing on intrathecal chemotherapy and shunting devices. Potential complications and how to avoid them are discussed. RESULTS: The Ommaya reservoir and the chemoport are used for administering intrathecal chemotherapy. Use of ventriculo-lumbar perfusion can efficiently deliver chemotherapeutic agents and improve intracerebral pressure...
January 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178707/cerebrospinal-fluid-and-hydrocephalus-physiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#12
Andreas K Filis, Kamran Aghayev, Frank D Vrionis
BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is found around and inside the brain and vertebral column. CSF plays a crucial role in the protection and homeostasis of neural tissue. METHODS: Key points on the physiology of CSF as well as the diagnostic and treatment options for hydrocephalus are discussed. RESULTS: Understanding the fundamentals of the production, absorption, dynamics, and pathophysiology of CSF is crucial for addressing hydrocephalus...
January 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175378/first-treatment-in-infants-with-hydrocephalus-the-case-for-shunt
#13
Abhaya V Kulkarni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175332/first-treatment-in-infants-with-hydrocephalus-the-case-for-endoscopic-third-ventriculostomy-choroid-plexus-cauterization
#14
Lissa C Baird
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162859/everolimus-alleviates-obstructive-hydrocephalus-due-to-subependymal-giant-cell-astrocytomas
#15
Romina Moavero, Andrea Carai, Angela Mastronuzzi, Sara Marciano, Federica Graziola, Federico Vigevano, Paolo Curatolo
BACKGROUND: Subependymal giant cell astrocytomas (SEGAs) are low-grade tumors affecting up to 20% of patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Early neurosurgical resection has been the only standard treatment until few years ago when a better understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of TSC led to the use of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors. Surgical resection of SEGAs is still considered as the first line treatment in individuals with symptomatic hydrocephalus and intratumoral hemorrhage...
January 3, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160210/a-novel-krit1-ccm1-gene-insertion-mutation-associated-with-cerebral-cavernous-malformations-in-a-chinese-family
#16
Hui Wang, Yunzhu Pan, Zaiqiang Zhang, Xingang Li, Zhe Xu, Yue Suo, Wei Li, Yongjun Wang
Familial cerebral cavernous malformation (FCCM) is a vascular malformation disorder that closely associated with three identified genes: KRIT1/CCM1, MGC4607/CCM2, and PDCD10/CCM3. Here, we present a Chinese family affected by FCCM due to a novel KRIT1/CCM1 insertion mutation. The proband was hospitalized for sudden unconsciousness and underwent surgical treatment. The section of lesions showed classical cavernous-dilated vessels without intervening brain parenchyma, and hemosiderin-laden macrophages were accumulated in the surrounding tissue...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147383/incidence-of-secondary-hydrocephalus-after-excision-of-huge-encephaloceles-in-neonates-case-study
#17
Ehab Ahmed El Refaee, Mohamed Ibrahim Refaat, Mohamed Reda
Background Encephaloceles presents as a protrusion of the cranial contents through a defect in the cranium. The most common sites of occurrence are the occipital and frontonasal regions. The surgical outcome is reported to be satisfactory; however, the incidence of hydrocephalus in patients with encephaloceles is variable in the literature. This study investigated the relationship between the size of the encephaloceles and the occurrence of hydrocephalus. Patient and Methods Data of all neonates with encephaloceles who presented to our institution from September 2012 to September 2014 were collected...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127723/obstructive-hydrocephalus-caused-by-an-unruptured-arteriovenous-malformation-successfully-treated-by-endoscopic-third-ventriculostomy-after-shunt-dysfunction
#18
Charles Champeaux, Céline Botella, Etienne Lefevre, Bertrand Devaux
The authors report on a patient harbouring an unruptured cortical arteriovenous malformation (AVM), who had presented with obstructive hydrocephalus due to compression of the cerebral aqueduct by a large venous varix. A ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt was inserted in emergency. Due to its large volume, the AVM was not referred for treatment and a follow-up policy was chosen. After the second VP shunt dysfunction, endoscopic third ventriculostomy was performed under neuronavigation. The procedure went uneventfully and the patient recovered well...
December 22, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120064/giant-basilar-artery-aneurysm-involving-the-origin-of-bilateral-posterior-cerebral-and-superior-cerebellar-arteries-neck-reconstruction-with-pconus-assisted-coiling
#19
Francesco Signorelli, Carmelo Lucio Sturiale, Giuseppe La Rocca, Alessio Albanese, Francesco D'Argento, Pierpaolo Mattogno, Alfredo Puca, Massimiliano Visocchi, Enrico Marchese, Alessandro Pedicelli
Giant aneurysms of the basilar artery are rare and are frequently associated with obstructive hydrocephalus and brainstem compression. Treatment still remains a challenge both for neurosurgeons and for interventional neuroradiologists. Cases reported in the literature are anecdotal and, overall, their outcomes are poor. We present the case of a patient with a giant aneurysm of the basilar artery tip, involving the origin of both the posterior cerebral and superior cerebellar arteries, who underwent coiling and ventriculoperitoneal shunting for associated obstructive hydrocephalus...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120058/endoscopic-reconstruction-of-csf-pathways-in-ventricular-tumors
#20
Piero Andrea Oppido
Neuroendoscopy is now considered to be a minimally invasive surgical approach for expanding lesions bulging into the ventricle, and it is also considered to be a relevant tool for performing biopsy procedures, fenestration of cystic walls, or for performing tumor removal in selected cases. Furthermore, the use of neuroimaging and the accurate follow-up of brain tumor patients have allowed the documentation of tumoral and pseudotumoral cystic areas that cause the obstruction of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pathways...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
keyword
keyword
16380
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"