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Foot AND (Physical Therapy)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30511958/effect-of-twister-wrap-orthosis-on-foot-pressure-distribution-and-balance-in-diplegic-cerebral-palsy
#1
Mohamed A Eid, Sobhy M Aly, Rasha A Mohamed
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of twister wrap orthosis (TWO) on foot pressure distribution and postural balance in children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Thirty children with spastic diplegic CP, with ages ranging from 6 to 8 years, were assigned randomly into two groups. The control group received the conventional physical therapy and ankle foot orthosis (AFO), whereas the study group received the same program as the control group in addition to TWO...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30499359/the-clinical-application-of-pain-neuroscience-graded-motor-imagery-and-graded-activity-with-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-a-case-report
#2
Mark Shepherd, Adriaan Louw, Jessie Podolak
BACKGROUND: Chronic Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is a condition that physical therapists may encounter in an outpatient orthopedic setting. In physical therapy (PT) treatment of CRPS addresses pain and the changes observed in the brain through the use of graded motor imagery (GMI). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 57-year-old female presented to an outpatient PT clinic with CRPS type 1. Complicating psychosocial factors such as kinesiophobia and catastrophization were present...
November 30, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30478025/a-tablet-based-interactive-movement-tool-for-pediatric-rehabilitation-development-and-preliminary-usability-evaluation
#3
Danielle Levac, Helene M Dumas, Waleed Meleis
BACKGROUND: Motivating interactive tools may increase adherence to repetitive practice for children with disabilities, but many virtual reality and active video gaming systems are too challenging for children with significant needs. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop and conduct a usability evaluation of the Fun, Interactive Therapy Board (FITBoard), a movement toy bridging digital and physical interactions for children with disabilities. METHODS: The FITBoard is a tablet app involving games controlled by hand, head, or foot touch of configurable, wired surfaces...
November 26, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30477612/can-elite-dancers-return-to-dance-after-ultrasound-guided-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-injections
#4
Nidhi Jain, Phillip A Bauman, William G Hamilton, Alexander Merkle, Ronald S Adler
Dancers exert tremendous stresses on the lower extremities rendering them prone to injuries that can curtail training and performance. The goal of this study was to evaluate clinical improvement in a population of elite dancers following treatment with ultrasound-guided platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections of various lower extremity sites by assessing when they were able to return to dance. Nineteen dancers (13 female, 6 male; ages 15 to 42) were treated between 2009 and 2016 at sites that included: hamstring tendon (1), proximal iliotibial band (1), patellar tendon (3), posterior tibial tendon (5), peroneus brevis tendon (3), plantar fascia (3), and the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint capsule (3)...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30428863/protocol-for-evaluating-the-effects-of-a-foot-ankle-therapeutic-exercise-program-on-daily-activity-foot-ankle-functionality-and-biomechanics-in-people-with-diabetic-polyneuropathy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Renan L Monteiro, Cristina D Sartor, Jane S S P Ferreira, Milla G B Dantas, Sicco A Bus, Isabel C N Sacco
BACKGROUND: Diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) negatively affects foot and ankle function (strength and flexibility), which itself affects the daily physical activity and quality of life of patients. A physical therapy protocol aiming to strengthen the intrinsic and extrinsic foot muscles and increase flexibility may be a promising approach to improve lower-extremity function, prevent further complications, and improve autonomy for daily living activities in these patients. Thus, the inclusion of a specific foot-related exercises focused on the main musculoskeletal impairments may have additional effects to the conventional interventions in the diabetic foot...
November 14, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30411162/radiation-related-alterations-of-taste-function-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Tanaya S Deshpande, Pierre Blanchard, Li Wang, Robert L Foote, Xiaodong Zhang, Steven J Frank
Taste sensation is vital for a healthy body as it influences our food intake, acts as a defense mechanism and elicits pleasure. Majority of the head and neck cancer (HNC) patients undergoing radiotherapy suffer from altered taste function and often complain of inability to taste their food, reduced food intake, and weakness. However, there are not many studies conducted to assess this commonly reported side effect. Furthermore, clinical research on radiotherapy-induced taste alterations has proven to be difficult, considering a lack of reliable and validated study tools for assessing objective and subjective outcomes...
November 9, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30397790/propionibacterium-acnes-induces-discogenic-low-back-pain-via-stimulating-nucleus-pulposus-cells-to-secrete-pro-algesic-factor-of-il-8-cinc-1-through-tlr2-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-p65-pathway
#7
Yucheng Jiao, Ye Yuan, Yazhou Lin, Zezhu Zhou, Yuehuan Zheng, Wenjian Wu, Guoqing Tang, Yong Chen, Jiaqi Xiao, Changwei Li, Zhe Chen, Peng Cao
Latent infection of Propionibacterium acnes was considered as a new pathogeny for low back pain (LBP); however, there is no credible animal evidence or mechanism hypothesis. This study proved that P. acnes is a causative pathogen of bacteria-induced LBP and investigated its underlying mechanism. For this, P. acnes was firstly identified in patients' degenerated intervertebral disc (IVDs) samples. The results of patients' Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ), Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA), and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores indicated that P...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381022/musculoskeletal-ultrasonography-to-detect-a-displaced-fracture-of-the-fifth-metatarsal
#8
Ryan G Boggs, Arthur J Nitz
A 27-year-old man presented to an outpatient physical therapy clinic with left lateral foot pain after playing lacrosse 1 day prior. Ultrasound imaging was performed immediately by the physical therapist, focusing on the fifth metatarsal distal shaft. Images obtained with a 13- to 6-MHz linear transducer demonstrated cortical bone disruption. The patient's primary care physician subsequently ordered radiographs, which demonstrated an obliquely oriented fracture through the shaft of the fifth metatarsal. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018;48(11):903...
November 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381021/brachymetatarsia-as-a-source-of-pain-in-a-us-military-trainee
#9
Robert Geddens, Scott C Dembowski
A 19-year-old female US Army trainee presented to a direct-access physical therapy clinic reporting 1 week of bilateral dorsal foot pain that was worse on the right than the left side. Due to swelling, focal tenderness, and pain, the physical therapist ordered radiographs to evaluate for a potential stress fracture. The radiographs revealed that the fourth metatarsals were notably shorter than the others, but were negative for other pathology. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018;48(11):904. doi:10.2519/jospt.2018...
November 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374254/-case-report-combining-dalfampridine-with-multicomponent-exercise-and-gait-training-in-a-person-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Prudence Plummer, Corinne J Bohling, L Ellese Nickles, Alexis A Williams, Amy Thomas, Silva Markovic-Plese, Barbara Giesser
Background: Dalfampridine extended release (D-ER) improves gait speed in some people with multiple sclerosis (MS), but many patients who take D-ER demonstrate only small improvements of questionable clinical significance. Physical therapy (PT) may augment the treatment effects of D-ER on the nervous system and improve clinical outcomes. This case report describes the successful use of D-ER combined with multicomponent PT in a patient who did not have a clinically important change in gait speed with D-ER alone...
September 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352770/a-biomechanical-foot-worn-device-improves-total-knee-arthroplasty-outcomes
#11
Eytan M Debbi, Benjamin Bernfeld, Amir Herman, Moshe Salai, Yocheved Laufer, Alon Wolf
BACKGROUND: Biomechanics after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) often remain abnormal and may lead to prolonged postoperative recovery. The purpose of this study is to assess a biomechanical therapy after TKA. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial of 50 patients after unilateral TKA. One group underwent a biomechanical therapy in which participants followed a walking protocol while wearing a foot-worn biomechanical device that modifies knee biomechanics and the control group followed a similar walking protocol while wearing a foot-worn sham device...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337699/negative-impact-of-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-and-glucocorticoid-on-the-recovery-of-physical-function-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#12
Jin Hayakawa, Daijiro Miyamura, Shun-Ichi Kimura, Ayumi Gomyo, Masaharu Tamaki, Yu Akahoshi, Naonori Harada, Tomotaka Ugai, Machiko Kusuda, Kazuaki Kameda, Hidenori Wada, Yuko Ishihara, Koji Kawamura, Kana Sakamoto, Miki Sato, Kiriko Terasako-Saito, Misato Kikuchi, Hideki Nakasone, Shinichi Kako, Yoshinobu Kanda
Quality of life of patients who undergo allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) temporally deteriorates and recovers over several years. We retrospectively evaluate the impact of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and glucocorticoid on physical recovery. We included 162 patients who underwent their first allogeneic HSCT between October 2010 and December 2015 in a single hospital. All patients are planned to undergo physical function tests before and 1, 3, 12 months after allogeneic HSCT...
October 18, 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334889/multisite-evaluation-of-a-custom-energy-storing-carbon-fiber-orthosis-for-patients-with-residual-disability-after-lower-limb-trauma
#13
Benjamin K Potter, Robert G Sheu, Daniel Stinner, John Fergason, Joseph R Hsu, Kevin Kuhn, Johnny G Owens, Jessica Rivera, Scott B Shawen, Jason M Wilken, Jennifer DeSanto, Yanjie Huang, Daniel O Scharfstein, Ellen J MacKenzie
BACKGROUND: The Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO) is a custom energy-storing carbon fiber ankle-foot orthosis developed for lower-extremity trauma patients. Studies conducted at the military treatment facility where the IDEO was developed demonstrated benefits of the IDEO when used with the Return to Run Physical Therapy (RTR PT) program. The current study was designed to determine if results could be replicated at other military treatment facilities and to examine whether early performance gains in patient-reported functional outcomes remained at 12 months...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305767/conservative-management-of-a-chronic-recurrent-flexor-hallucis-longus-stenosing-tenosynovitis-in-a-pre-professional-ballet-dancer-a-case-report
#14
Matt Wentzell
Objective: To describe the successful conservative management of a chronic recurrent flexor hallucis longus (FHL) stenosing tenosynovitis. Clinical Features: A 20-year-old female pre-professional ballet dancer presented with medial ankle and mid-foot pain of 7.5 months duration. Pain was constant but exacerbated with training and assuming the en pointe and demi-pointe dance positions. Plantar flexion of the great toe was pain provoking. Triggering of the great toe and audible and palpable crepitus were noted with active and passive great toe range of motion...
August 2018: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293160/wearable-sensors-to-monitor-enable-feedback-and-measure-outcomes-of-activity-and-practice
#15
REVIEW
Bruce H Dobkin, Clarisa Martinez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Measurements obtained during real-world activity by wearable motion sensors may contribute more naturalistic accounts of clinically meaningful changes in impairment, activity, and participation during neurologic rehabilitation, but obstacles persist. Here we review the basics of wearable sensors, the use of existing systems for neurological and rehabilitation applications and their limitations, and strategies for future use. RECENT FINDINGS: Commercial activity-recognition software and wearable motion sensors for community monitoring primarily calculate steps and sedentary time...
October 6, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30275792/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-treatment-of-depression-in-a-patient-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Alessandro Iliceto, Rachel L Seiler, Korak Sarkar
Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) commonly presents with a constellation of findings, including physical, cognitive, and psychological disturbances. Traditionally, few options have been available for long-term management of mood symptoms for post-TBI patients who are refractory to medications. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a promising alternative treatment. Case Report: A 37-year-old male with history of anxiety and bipolar depression incurred a TBI after a 60-foot fall...
2018: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30233958/superpath-the-direct-superior-portal-assisted-total-hip-approach
#17
James Chow
The supercapsular percutaneously assisted total hip (SuperPath; MicroPort) approach is a direct superior portal-assisted approach for total hip arthroplasty (THA) that utilizes the interval between the gluteus minimus and the piriformis to access the hip capsule. The technique was developed to promote early mobilization, greater range of motion, and improved pain control. The major steps of this procedure are as follows: Step 1: Patient positioning. The patient is in the standard lateral decubitus position with the involved leg in the "home position," that is, 45° to 60° of flexion, 20° to 30° of internal rotation, and slight adduction by elevating the foot on a padded Mayo stand...
September 28, 2017: JBJS Essential Surgical Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212938/effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-in-the-treatment-of-plantar-fasciitis-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Yan Ling, Shu Wang
BACKGROUND: Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain, which often results in significant morbidity. There have been several treatment options that are used for plantar fasciitis, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, orthoses, physical therapy, and steroid injections. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and other treatments in patients with plantar fasciitis. SEARCH METHODS: Medline, Web of Science, and Embase were systematically searched to identify relevant trials...
September 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30176380/long-term-tai-chi-practitioners-have-superior-body-stability-under-dual-task-condition-during-stair-ascent
#19
Qipeng Song, Li Li, Cui Zhang, Wei Sun, Dewei Mao
BACKGROUND: Stair walking contributed to 26% of self-reported falls and become the leading cause of accidental death for the elderly. The risk of fall increases while performing a cognitive task, like talking and/or reasoning. RESEARCH QUESTION: Our work aimed to found out whether body stability under physical-cognitive dual task(DT) condition during stair ascent is superior among long-term Tai Chi (TC) practitioners. METHODS: Fifteen healthy, elderly long-term TC practitioners and fifteen no exercise(NE) practitioners were asked to walking ascent the stairs under single task(ST) and DT conditions in this cross-sectional study...
August 13, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30100314/effect-of-postural-insoles-on-gait-pattern-in-individuals-with-hemiparesis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#20
Luiz Alfredo Braun Ferreira, Veronica Cimolin, Hugo Pasini Neto, Luanda André Colange Grecco, Roberta Delasta Lazzari, Arislander Jonathan Lopes Dumont, Manuela Galli, Claudia Santos Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Recovering the ability to walk is an important goal of physical therapy for patients who have survived cerebrovascular accident (stroke). Orthotics can provide a reduction in plantar flexion of the ankle, leading to greater stability in the stance phase of the gait cycle. Postural insoles can be used to reorganize the tone of muscle chains, which exerts an influence on postural control through correction reflexes. The aim of the present study was to perform kinematic and spatiotemporal analyses of gait in stroke survivors with hemiparesis during postural insole usage...
July 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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