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Pulmonary fellowship and education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362539/whither-the-pulmonary-ward-attending-preserving-subspecialty-exposure-in-united-states-internal-medicine-residency-training
#1
Lekshmi Santhosh, Jennifer Babik, Mark R Looney, Harry Hollander
Twenty years ago, the term "hospitalist" was coined at the University of California-San Francisco (San Francisco, CA), heralding a new specialty focused on the care of inpatients. There are now more than 50,000 hospitalists practicing in the United States. At many academic medical centers, hospitalists are largely replacing subspecialists as attendings on the inpatient medicine wards. At University of California-San Francisco, this has been accompanied by declining percentages of residency graduates who enter subspecialty training in internal medicine...
April 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362524/multicenter-validation-of-a-customizable-scoring-tool-for-selection-of-trainees-for-a-residency-or-fellowship-program-the-east-ist-study
#2
Gabriel T Bosslet, W Graham Carlos, David J Tybor, Jennifer McCallister, Candace Huebert, Ashley Henderson, Matthew C Miles, Homer Twigg, Catherine R Sears, Cynthia Brown, Mark O Farber, Tim Lahm, John D Buckley
RATIONALE: Few data have been published regarding scoring tools for selection of postgraduate medical trainee candidates that have wide applicability. OBJECTIVES: The authors present a novel scoring tool developed to assist postgraduate programs in generating an institution-specific rank list derived from selected elements of the U.S. Electronic Residency Application System (ERAS) application. METHODS: The authors developed and validated an ERAS and interview day scoring tool at five pulmonary and critical care fellowship programs: the ERAS Application Scoring Tool-Interview Scoring Tool...
April 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306323/a-feasibility-assessment-of-behavioral-based-interviewing-to-improve-candidate-selection-for-a-pulmonary-and-critical-care-medicine-fellowship-program
#3
Geneva Tatem, Maria Kokas, Cathy L Smith, Bruno DiGiovine
Traditional interviews for residency and fellowship training programs are an important component in the selection process, but can be of variable value due to a nonstandardized approach. We redesigned the candidate interview process for our large pulmonary and critical care medicine fellowship program in the United States using a behavioral-based interview (BBI) structure. The primary goal of this approach was to standardize the assessment of candidates within noncognitive domains with the goal of selecting those with the best fit for our institution's fellowship program...
April 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145734/-fellow-of-the-day-a-novel-trainee-role-to-improve-fellows-outpatient-continuity-clinics
#4
Diana J Kelm, Joseph H Skalski, Kannan Ramar
RATIONALE: The implementation of team-based care models in residency programs is one method to improve patient and provider outpatient satisfaction. However, to our knowledge, this has not yet been studied in fellowship programs. OBJECTIVES: We instituted a pilot project to test a team-based model of care in our pulmonary and critical care medicine (PCCM) fellows' clinic by creating a new outpatient role called the "Fellow of the Day," with the goal of reducing clinical disruption for the fellows, providing more educational value for medical students, and improving patient care...
April 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132754/interventional-pulmonology-fellowship-accreditation-standards-executive-summary-of-the-multi-society-interventional-pulmonology-fellowship-accreditation-committee
#5
John J Mullon, Kristin M Burkart, Gerard Silvestri, D Kyle Hogarth, Francisco Almeida, David Berkowitz, George Eapen, David Feller-Kopman, Henry E Fessler, Erik Folch, Colin Gillespie, Andrew Haas, Shaheen Islam, Carla Lamb, Stephanie M Levine, Adnan Majid, Fabien Maldonado, Ali Musani, Craig Piquette, Cynthia Ray, Chakravarthy Reddy, Otis Rickman, Michael Simoff, Momen M Wahidi, Hans Lee
Interventional Pulmonology (IP) is a rapidly evolving subspecialty of pulmonary medicine. In the last ten years formal IP fellowships have increased substantially in number from just five to now over thirty. The vast majority of IP fellowship trainees are selected through the National Residency Matching Program, and validated in-service and certification exams for IP exist. Practice standards and training guidelines for IP fellowship programs have been published, however considerable variability in the environment, curriculum, and experience offered by the various fellowship programs still exists and there is currently no formal accreditation process in place to standardize IP fellowship training...
January 26, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048615/tu-h-202-04-the-vampire-challenge-preliminary-results-from-a-multi-institutional-study-of-ct-ventilation-image-accuracy
#6
J Kipritidis
CT ventilation imaging is an exciting functional imaging modality that combines four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and deformable image registration (DIR) to provide exquisite ventilation maps of the lung. CT ventilation imaging can be used for: (1) Functional avoidance in thoracic radiation therapy, (2) Imaging longitudinal changes in regional lung function for treatment assessment and adaptation, (3) Image-assisted diagnosis of non-oncologic respiratory diseases. CT ventilation imaging uses CT, a predominantly anatomic imaging modality, and through imaging processing creates functional images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048557/tu-h-202-00-ct-ventilation-imaging-the-new-clinical-reality-of-functional-avoidance-and-response-assessment-in-lung-cancer-radiation-therapy
#7
Paul Keall
CT ventilation imaging is an exciting functional imaging modality that combines four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and deformable image registration (DIR) to provide exquisite ventilation maps of the lung. CT ventilation imaging can be used for: (1) Functional avoidance in thoracic radiation therapy, (2) Imaging longitudinal changes in regional lung function for treatment assessment and adaptation, (3) Image-assisted diagnosis of non-oncologic respiratory diseases. CT ventilation imaging uses CT, a predominantly anatomic imaging modality, and through imaging processing creates functional images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047895/tu-h-202-01-introduction-to-ct-ventilation-imaging-principles-validation-and-clinical-translation
#8
T Yamamoto
CT ventilation imaging is an exciting functional imaging modality that combines four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and deformable image registration (DIR) to provide exquisite ventilation maps of the lung. CT ventilation imaging can be used for: (1) Functional avoidance in thoracic radiation therapy, (2) Imaging longitudinal changes in regional lung function for treatment assessment and adaptation, (3) Image-assisted diagnosis of non-oncologic respiratory diseases. CT ventilation imaging uses CT, a predominantly anatomic imaging modality, and through imaging processing creates functional images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047233/tu-h-202-02-applications-validation-clinical-endpoints-and-opportunities-for-ct-ventilation
#9
Y Vinogradskiy
CT ventilation imaging is an exciting functional imaging modality that combines four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and deformable image registration (DIR) to provide exquisite ventilation maps of the lung. CT ventilation imaging can be used for: (1) Functional avoidance in thoracic radiation therapy, (2) Imaging longitudinal changes in regional lung function for treatment assessment and adaptation, (3) Image-assisted diagnosis of non-oncologic respiratory diseases. CT ventilation imaging uses CT, a predominantly anatomic imaging modality, and through imaging processing creates functional images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046563/tu-h-202-03-spatial-distributions-of-radiation-induced-pulmonary-changes-can-be-modeled-and-utilized-for-image-guided-planning-and-therapy-to-improve-pulmonary-function-preservation-and-hence-the-therapeutic-ratio-for-lung-cancer
#10
J Bayouth
CT ventilation imaging is an exciting functional imaging modality that combines four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and deformable image registration (DIR) to provide exquisite ventilation maps of the lung. CT ventilation imaging can be used for: (1) Functional avoidance in thoracic radiation therapy, (2) Imaging longitudinal changes in regional lung function for treatment assessment and adaptation, (3) Image-assisted diagnosis of non-oncologic respiratory diseases. CT ventilation imaging uses CT, a predominantly anatomic imaging modality, and through imaging processing creates functional images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513327/the-state-of-point-of-care-ultrasonography-use-and-training-in-neonatal-perinatal-medicine-and-pediatric-critical-care-medicine-fellowship-programs
#11
J Nguyen, R Amirnovin, R Ramanathan, S Noori
OBJECTIVE: The current state of point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) use and education in neonatal-perinatal medicine (NPM) and pediatric critical care medicine (PCCM) is unknown. Our aim was to quantify POCUS use, training and perceptions regarding education and barriers among the United States NPM and PCCM fellowship programs. STUDY DESIGN: A 14-question survey was emailed to the fellowship directors of all the United States NPM and PCCM fellowship programs. RESULTS: The response rate was 55% (52/95) and 59% (39/66) for NPM and PCCM programs, respectively...
November 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495817/academic-productivity-of-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-accredited-critical-care-fellowship-program-directors
#12
Brenda G Fahy, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Peggy White, Deborah J Culley
OBJECTIVES: Academic productivity is an expectation for program directors of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited subspecialty programs in critical care medicine. Within the adult critical care Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited programs, we hypothesized that program director length of time from subspecialty critical care certification would correlate positively with academic productivity, and primary field would impact academic productivity...
August 5, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478607/nephrologists-likelihood-of-referring-patients-for-kidney-transplant-based-on-hypothetical-patient-scenarios
#13
Ankita Tandon, Ming Wang, Kevin C Roe, Surju Patel, Nasrollah Ghahramani
BACKGROUND: There is wide variation in referral for kidney transplant and preemptive kidney transplant (PKT). Patient characteristics such as age, race, sex and geographic location have been cited as contributing factors to this disparity. We hypothesize that the characteristics of nephrologists interplay with the patients' characteristics to influence the referral decision. In this study, we used hypothetical case scenarios to assess nephrologists' decisions regarding transplant referral...
August 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413440/the-effect-of-paging-reminders-on-fellowship-conference-attendance-a-multi-program-randomized-crossover-study
#14
Joshua Smith, Lorenzo Zaffiri, Julie Clary, Tyler Davis, Gabriel T Bosslet
BACKGROUND: Educational conferences have long served as a foundation of medical education. Sending reminder text pages prior to the start of conferences is a method that may be employed to enhance conference attendance. OBJECTIVE: The goal of our study was to determine if routine text paging before regularly scheduled conferences improves attendance among fellows in 3 internal medicine programs. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, crossover study included 3 fellowship programs: pulmonary and critical care, cardiovascular disease, and hematology-oncology...
July 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27180916/establishing-pulmonary-and-critical-care-medicine-in-china-2016-report-on-implementation-and-government-recognition-joint-statement-of-the-chinese-association-of-chest-physicians-and-the-american-college-of-chest-physicians
#15
Renli Qiao, Darcy Marciniuk, Nicki Augustyn, Mark J Rosen, Huaping Dai, Rongchang Chen, Sinan Wu, Chen Wang
This article provides an update on progress toward establishing pulmonary and critical care medicine (PCCM) fellowship training as one of the first four subspecialties to be recognized and supported by the Chinese government. Designed and implemented throughout 2013 and 2014 by a collaborative effort of the Chinese Thoracic Society (CTS) and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST), 12 leading Chinese hospitals enrolled a total of 64 fellows into standardized PCCM training programs with common curricula, educational activities, and assessment measures...
August 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27058185/variability-in-lung-transplant-education-during-pulmonary-and-critical-care-medicine-fellowship-results-of-a-national-survey
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
James A Town, Mark R Tonelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26974557/global-health-education-in-pulmonary-and-critical-care-medicine-fellowships
#17
Trishul Siddharthan, Crystal M North, Engi F Attia, David C Christiani, William Checkley, T Eoin West
A growing number of pulmonary and critical care medicine fellowship programs in the United States offer global health training opportunities. Formal, integrated global health programs within pulmonary and critical care fellowships are relatively new but are built on principles and ideals of global health that focus on the mutually beneficial exchange of knowledge and social justice. Although core competencies consistent with these overarching themes in global health education have not been formalized for pulmonary and critical care trainees, relevant competency areas include clinical knowledge, international research training, cultural competency, and clinical and research capacity building...
June 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26862999/changing-the-ambulatory-training-paradigm-design-and-implementation-of-an-outpatient-pulmonology-fellowship-curriculum
#18
Stacey M Kassutto, C Jessica Dine, Maryl Kreider, Rupal J Shah
RATIONALE: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education has mandated that pulmonary fellows practice evidence-based medicine "across multiple care settings." Currently, most clinical fellowship training is inpatient based, suggesting that more robust fellowship training in outpatient pulmonology is needed. No standardized ambulatory pulmonary curriculum is currently available. OBJECTIVES: To design, implement and test the feasibility of a standardized, case-based outpatient curriculum implemented for pulmonary fellows at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania...
April 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26835892/pulmonary-and-critical-care-medicine-program-directors-attitudes-toward-training-in-medical-education-a-nationwide-survey-study
#19
Jeremy B Richards, Jennifer W McCallister, Peter H Lenz
RATIONALE: Many pulmonary and critical care medicine (PCCM) fellows are interested in improving their teaching skills as well as learning about careers as clinician educators. Educational opportunities in PCCM fellowship programs designed to address these interests have not been well characterized in U.S. training programs. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to characterize educational content and structure for training fellows to teach in PCCM fellowship programs. We evaluated three major domains: (1) existing educational opportunities, (2) PCCM program directors' attitudes toward the importance of teaching fellows how to teach, and (3) potential components of an optimal teaching skills curriculum for PCCM fellows...
April 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26507641/palliative-and-end-of-life-educational-practices-in-us-pulmonary-and-critical-care-training-programs
#20
Paul S Richman, Howard L Saft, Catherine R Messina, Andrew R Berman, Paul A Selecky, Richard A Mularski, Daniel E Ray, Dee W Ford
PURPOSE: To describe educational features in palliative and end-of-life care (PEOLC) in pulmonary/critical care fellowships and identify the features associated with perceptions of trainee competence in PEOLC. METHODS: A survey of educational features in 102 training programs and the perceived skill and comfort level of trainees in 6 PEOLC domains: communication, symptom control, ethical/legal, community/institutional resources, specific syndromes, and ventilator withdrawal...
February 2016: Journal of Critical Care
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