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Subdural hematomas

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109862/twist-drill-procedure-for-chronic-subdural-hematoma-evacuation-an-analysis-of-predictors-for-treatment-success
#1
F Jablawi, H Kweider, O Nikoubashman, H Clusmann, G A Schubert
BACKGROUND: Twist drill craniostomy (TDC) is a "minimally invasive" and cost-effective technique to treat chronic subdural hematomas (CSDH). Predictors for treatment success such as imaging characteristics, hematoma volume, and drainage volume - are not established, thus they are purpose of this analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated all data of CSDH patients undergoing TDC in our institution between January 2010 and December 2013. We analyzed imaging characteristics (extension and composition), volumetrically calculated pre- and postoperative hematoma volumes, measured drainage volume, and clinical course...
January 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109515/in-reply-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-lentiform-subdural-hematoma-a-rare-mimicker-of-extradural-hematoma
#2
Alex Koziarz, Saleh A Almenawer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109514/lentiform-subdural-hematoma-a-rare-mimicker-of-extradural-hematoma
#3
G Lakshmi Prasad, Girish R Menon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106704/rapid-spontaneously-resolving-acute-subdural-hematoma
#4
Qi Gan, Hexiang Zhao, Hanmei Zhang, Chao You
INTRODUCTION: This study reports a rare patient of a rapid spontaneously resolving acute subdural hematoma. In addition, an analysis of potential clues for the phenomenon is presented with a review of the literature. PATIENT PRESENTATION: A 1-year-and-2-month-old boy fell from a height of approximately 2 m. The patient was in a superficial coma with a Glasgow Coma Scale of 8 when he was transferred to the authors' hospital. Computed tomography revealed the presence of an acute subdural hematoma with a midline shift beyond 1 cm...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106501/treatment-of-chronic-subdural-hematomas-with-subdural-evacuating-port-system-placement-in-the-intensive-care-unit-evolution-of-practice-and-comparison-with-bur-hole-evacuation-in-the-operating-room
#5
Alexander C Flint, Sheila L Chan, Vivek A Rao, Allen D Efron, Maziyar A Kalani, William F Sheridan
OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were to evaluate a multiyear experience with subdural evacuating port system (SEPS) placement for chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH) in the intensive care unit at a tertiary neurosurgical center and to compare SEPS placement with bur hole evacuation in the operating room. METHODS All cases of cSDH evacuation were captured over a 7-year period at a tertiary neurosurgical center within an integrated health care delivery system. The authors compared the performance characteristics of SEPS and bur hole placement with respect to recurrence rates, change in recurrence rates over time, complications, length of stay, discharge disposition, and mortality rates...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087916/-a-case-of-idiopathic-hypertrophic-cranial-pachymeningitis-presenting-as-chronic-subdural-hematoma
#6
Zhan He, Fang Ding, Jiandong Rong, Yongli Gan
A 26-year-old male presented with a 6-day history of paroxysmal headache which was worsen with nausea and vomiting for 1 day. Head CT on admission revealed left chronic subdural hematoma with midline shift. An emergency Burr hole drainage for hematoma was performed. Headache recurred 6 days later. MRI of the brain revealed a diffuse thickening and a gadolinium-enhancement of the falx, cranial dura mater and tentorium cerebelli on the left side with pia mater involved. Lumber puncture showed increased intracranial pressure and elevated IgG level in cerebrospinal fluid...
May 25, 2016: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079571/spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension-with-site-of-leak-detected-only-after-111in-dtpa-cisternogram
#7
Sana Parsian, Manuela C Matesan, Sachin Shivaji Kumbhar, David H Lewis
A 54-year-old man with a 3-week history of orthostatic headache and acute on chronic subdural hematoma presented with imaging findings suggestive of spontaneous intracranial hypotension. Three myelograms were negative for leak, and nontargeted epidural blood patches did not result in symptom relief. A cerebrospinal fluid leak study using In-DTPA with SPECT/CT demonstrated a focal area of asymmetric activity at the left C2 nerve root. A left C2 root tie-off, targeted epidural blood patch, and Dura seal glue resulted in resolution of patient symptomatology highlighting the importance of fused SPECT/CT images in detection of an occult cerebral spinal fluid leak...
January 10, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063897/mantle-cell-lymphoma-with-central-nervous-system-involvement-simulating-bilateral-subdural-hematomas
#8
Luis Germán González-Bonet, Raimundo García-Boyero, John Gaona-Morales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059648/validation-of-effectiveness-of-keyhole-clipping-in-nonfrail-elderly-patients-with-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysms
#9
Kentaro Mori, Kojiro Wada, Naoki Otani, Arata Tomiyama, Terushige Toyooka, Kazuya Fujii, Kosuke Kumagai, Satoru Takeuchi, Satoshi Tomura, Takuji Yamamoto, Yasuaki Nakao, Hajime Arai
OBJECTIVE Advanced age is known to be associated with a poor prognosis after surgical clipping of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs). Keyhole clipping techniques have been introduced for less invasive treatment of UIAs. In this study, the authors compared the complications and clinical and radiological outcomes after keyhole clipping between nonfrail elderly patients (≥ 70 years) and nonelderly patients. METHODS Keyhole clipping (either supraorbital or pterional) was performed to treat 260 cases of relatively small (≤ 10 mm) anterior circulation UIAs...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054287/cerebral-ventricular-dimensions-after-decompressive-craniectomy-a-comparison-between-bedside-sonographic-duplex-technique-and-cranial-computed-tomography
#10
Habib Bendella, Marc Maegele, Alexander Hartmann, Joachim Spreer, Nadine Rommel, Rolf Lefering, Makoto Nakamura, Alhadi Igressa
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess and compare ventricle diameters in patients after decompressive craniectomy by using cranial computed tomography (CCT) versus sonographic duplex technique (SDT). METHODS: A total of 102 consecutive patients after decompressive craniectomy following brain infarct, bleeding and trauma were examined by CCT and SDT. SDT was performed within 24 h after repeated postinterventional control CCT and the correlation between both methods was assessed via measurement of dimensions of all four ventricles...
January 4, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054113/-chronic-subdural-hematoma-in-the-elderly
#11
T A Juratli, J Klein, G Schackert
Chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH) is a common condition, the frequency of which further increases due to an aging population and more frequent use of antithrombotic drugs. It leads to unspecific symptoms and neurological deficits and is usually treated surgically. Burr hole trepanation and twist drill craniostomy have become the therapeutic standards with craniotomy being rarely used for recurrent cases. Although recurrences are relatively common, in most cases a good outcome can be achieved even in the elderly; however, as cSDH is associated with other comorbidities, it is indicative of an increased morbidity and mortality...
January 4, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050641/children-presenting-in-delayed-fashion-after-minor-head-trauma-with-scalp-swelling-do-they-require-further-workup
#12
Jonathan N Sellin, Amee Moreno, Sheila L Ryan, Sandi K Lam, Marcella Donaruma-Kwoh, Thomas G Luerssen, Andrew Jea
PURPOSE: It is common to evaluate children who have sustained minor head trauma with computed tomography (CT) of the head. Scalp swelling, in particular, has been associated with intracranial injury. A subset of patients, however, present in delayed fashion, often days after the head trauma, as soft tissue edema progresses and their caregiver notices scalp swelling. We explore the value of further workup in this setting. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of a prospectively collected cohort of children ≤24 months of age presenting to the Texas Children's Hospital with scalp swelling more than 24 h following a head trauma...
January 3, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038831/influence-of-antithrombotic-agents-on-the-recurrence-of-chronic-subdural-hematomas-and-the-quest-about-the-recommencement-of-antithrombotic-agents-a-meta-analysis
#13
Yangshuo Wang, Jingru Zhou, Cungang Fan, Dongliang Wang, Feng Jiao, Bo Liu, Qingjun Zhang
Antithrombotic agents (AT), including anticoagulants and antiplatelets, are risk factors of chronic subdural hematomas (CSDHs). However, the use of AT has not been clearly associated with postoperative recurrence (PR) in the literature before. Furthermore, the association between the resumption of AT and postoperative complications also requests research. Databases including Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane were searched for patients presenting with CSDH on anticoagulant or antiplatelet medication. Ten studies were included to analyze the association between the use of AT and PR: The meta-analysis showed that the use of AT, both anticoagulants (OR=2...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032231/outcome-following-surgical-treatment-of-chronic-subdural-hematoma-in-the-oldest-old-population
#14
Christopher Munoz-Bendix, Robert Pannewitz, Daniel Remmel, Hans-Jakob Steiger, Bernd Turowski, Phillip Jorg Slotty, Marcel Alexander Kamp
As a result of the demographic shift in western societies, the mean age at presentation of patients suffering from chronic subdural hematomas (cSDH) is increasing. Therapeutic strategies, surgical and non-surgical, need to be reevaluated and adapted accordingly. Age is considered to be a positive risk factor for a higher perioperative morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study is to determine if old age (≥85 years) should be seen as a contraindication for surgical treatment. Two groups (56 patients each) with cSDH over and below 85 years of age from a single neurosurgical department with well-defined surgical treatment guidelines were retrospectively analyzed...
December 28, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027695/inhibitory-mechanism-of-the-outer-membrane-growth-of-chronic-subdural-hematomas
#15
Koji Osuka, Yasuo Watanabe, Nobuteru Usuda, Masahiro Aoyama, Kenichiro Iwami, Mikinobu Takeuchi, Takeya Watabe, Masakazu Takayasu
We previously demonstrated that the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) activates the Janus kinase (JAK)-signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling pathway in fibroblasts within the outer membranes of chronic subdural hematomas (CSDHs), and the activation of this pathway may induce CSDH outer membrane growth. The inhibitory system for this signal transduction pathway is unknown. CSDH fluids were obtained from ten patients during trepanation surgery as the case group, and CSF samples were obtained from seven patients suffering from subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) on day 1 as the control group...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017760/risk-factors-for-chronic-subdural-hematoma-recurrence-identified-using-quantitative-computer-tomography-analysis-of-hematoma-volume-and-density
#16
Pantelis Stavrinou, Sotirios Katsigiannis, Jong Hun Lee, Christina Hamisch, Boris Krischek, Anastasios Mpotsaris, Marco Timmer, Roland Goldbrunner
INTRODUCTION: Chronic subdural hematomas (CSDH), a common condition in the elderly, present a therapeutic challenge with recurrence rates of up to 33%. We focused on identifying specific prognostic factors for recurrence using quantitative analysis of hematoma volume and density. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed radiographic and clinical data of 227 CSDH in 195 consecutive patients who underwent evacuation of the hematoma through a single burr hole, two burr holes or a mini-craniotomy...
December 22, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009771/spontaneous-spinal-subdural-hematoma
#17
Marlijn H de Beer, Marjolein M Eysink Smeets, Hille Koppen
OBJECTIVE: Spinal subdural hematomas (SSDHs) are rare. Causes are (1) posttraumatic, (2) iatrogenic (following surgery or lumbar puncture), (3) spontaneous including underlying malformations or coagulation deficits. With a systematic review of literature we want to shed light on the last group: symptomatology, etiology, treatment and outcome will we discussed. METHODS: Systematic review of literature on PubMed for cases of acute nontraumatic noniatrogenic SSDHs in adults (≥18 y of age)...
January 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009646/lupus-anticoagulant-hypoprothrombinemia-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-intracranial-bleeding
#18
Sreejesh Sreedharanunni, Jasmina Ahluwalia, Narender Kumar, Sunil K Bose, Rishi Dhawan, Pankaj Malhotra
We report a 14-year-old girl who presented with subdural hematoma and a deranged coagulation profile suggestive of an inhibitor. Investigations revealed prothrombin deficiency along with positivity for antiphospholipid antibodies, which improved with steroid therapy. Bleeding diathesis in children and adolescents commonly results from thrombocytopenia, platelet function disorders, or coagulation factor deficiency; whereas bleeding because of coagulation factor inhibitors are extremely rare in this age group...
December 22, 2016: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000125/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-early-seizure-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-analysis-from-national-trauma-data-bank
#19
Shahram Majidi, Yamane Makke, Amr Ewida, Bahareh Sianati, Adnan I Qureshi, Mohamad Z Koubeissi
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a well-known risk factor for seizures. We aimed to identify the frequency and risk factors for seizure occurrence during hospitalization for TBI. METHODS: We used ICD-9-CM codes to identify patients 18 years of age or older from the National Trauma Data Bank who were admitted with TBI. We also used ICD-9-CM codes to identify the subset who had seizures during hospitalization. Patient demographics, comorbidities, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, Injury Severity Score Abbreviated Injury Scale (ISSAIS), in-hospital complications, and discharge disposition were compared in the seizure group (SG) and no-seizure group (NSG)...
December 20, 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999712/fibrin-glue-injection-into-the-hematoma-cavity-for-refractory-chronic-subdural-hematoma-a-case-report
#20
Saiko Watanabe, Kenichi Amagasaki, Naoyuki Shono, Hiroshi Nakaguchi
BACKGROUND: Repeat burr hole irrigation and drainage has been effective in most cases of recurrent chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH), however, refractory cases require further procedures or other interventions. CASE DESCRIPTION: An 85-year-old male presented with left CSDH, which recurred five times. The hematoma was irrigated and drained through a left frontal burr hole during the first to third surgery and through a left parietal burr hole during the fourth and fifth surgery...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
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