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Hypochondria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430510/atypical-form-of-peritoneal-tuberculosis
#1
Wejih Dougaz, Mehdi Khalfallah, Hichem Jerraya, Ramzi Nouira, Ibtissem Bouasker, Chadli Dziri
It was a 48-year-old woman with a right flank mass. On examination there was a hard and painful mass of the right side, centered by a fistula orifice with a diameter of 5 mm. Abdominal computed tomography showed an intraperitoneal tissue structure in relation to the parietal peritoneum in the left hypochondria. A scanno-guided biopsy was performed. Pathological examination revealed non-specific inflammatory lesions. The evolution was marked by the appearance of a purulent fistula in the puncture site. A biopsy of the margins of the fistulous orifice of the left hypochondria was performed...
May 2018: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30100883/mental-health-and-psychosocial-functioning-over-the-lifespan-of-german-patients-undergoing-cardiac-catheterization-for-coronary-artery-disease
#2
Anja Schaich, Anna L Westermair, Matthias Munz, Stefan Nitsche, Bastian Willenborg, Christina Willenborg, Heribert Schunkert, Jeanette Erdmann, Ulrich Schweiger
Background: Psychological problems are common in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and are associated with poor outcome. However, data on the prevalence of distinct mental disorders and their relevance to patients' functioning in daily life are scarce. Method: In this retrospective study, a total of 514 German patients with CAD as diagnosed by cardiac catheterization were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview 5.0.0 (M.I.N.I.) and psychosocial functioning was evaluated using the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944420/when-dementia-kills-before-one-passes-away-case-report-of-cotard-s-syndrome
#3
Camila Wanderley Pereira, Isabelly Sanally Monteiro Florentino, Leonardo Machado
Cotard's Syndrome (CS), among the noncognitive changes in the forms of dementia, is a seldom-found manifestation (1). This syndrome is characterized by the delusion of having lost organs (the individual experiences huge changes in the body and believes that he/she no longer has one or more organs) and by nihilistic delusion (the individual believes he/she or everyone in the world has died or been destroyed) (2). In 1880, Jules Cotard (1840-1889) described a clinical condition that he believed corresponded to a new subtype of depression, which he called anxious melancholia...
June 26, 2018: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694980/a-twelve-week-moderate-exercise-programme-improved-symptoms-of-depression-insomnia-and-verbal-learning-in-post-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-haemorrhage-patients-a-comparison-with-meningioma-patients-and-healthy-controls
#4
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Flora Colledge, Serge Brand, Uwe Pühse, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Stefan Zimmerer, Ramona Schleith, Markus Gerber
OBJECTIVES: Deficits in psychological functioning, cognitive functioning, and sleep are frequently experienced by individuals who have survived aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH). Exercise has been shown to improve these domains; to date, it has never been explored in patients following aSAH. The aim of this exploratory study is to compare the effects of an exercise programme in this population with another patient group, and a group of healthy controls. METHODS: The present study explored the effects of 12 weeks of moderate aerobic exercise training on 15 aSAH patients, 16 meningioma patients, and 17 healthy controls...
2017: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592527/the-association-between-hiv-clinical-disease-severity-and-psychiatric-disorders-as-seen-in-western-romania
#5
Fulvia Ursoiu, Lavinia Moleriu, Diana Lungeanu, Maria Puschită
HIV disease continues to be a serious health issue all over the world. By the end of 2016, 36.7 million people were living with HIV, 1.8 million people became newly infected and 1 million died of HIV-related causes/diseases. In order to develop effective treatment strategies, is important to assess the risk factors that affect negatively the HIV-positive patients. HIV-infected patients are at high risk of developing psychiatric disorders in every stage of the illness. Psychiatric disorders can negatively influence the treatment adherence, induce risk behavior and influence the quality of life...
March 28, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512796/adult-s-congenital-bile-duct-cysts
#6
Omar Toumi, Mohamed Ali Chaouch, Abdesslem Ghedira, Ibtissem Korbi, Mohamed Nasr, Faouzi Noomene, Khadija Zouari, Randa Salem, Badii Hamida, Mondher Golli
INTRODUCTION: Congenital bile duct cysts (CBDC) is a rare congenital malformation. It results from an anomaly of the biliopancreatic junction (AJBP). This condition is often diagnosed at a young age. Although, it can be asymptomatic and discovered only at an advanced age. The aim of our work was to describe the diagnosis, therapeutic and evolutionary aspects of BVCD through a series of 11 cases diagnosed in adult cases. METHODS: This is a descriptive, retrospective and monocentric study...
June 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461230/-clinical-and-psychological-correlations-in-fibromyalgia-patients
#7
G Suleymanova, R Grekhov, I Zborovskaya
The features of clinical symptoms, neurotic disorders and the level of subjective control were studied in patients with fibromyalgia. The analysis of relationship between the level of subjective control and neurotic symptoms (asthenia, depression, anxiety, hypochondria) depending the severity of main clinical manifestations of the disease was carried out. It was found that high intensity of fatigue, muscle pain, stiffness, insomnia, and an increase in the number of diagnostic tender points contribute to the formation of inverse correlation between the level of subjective control and neurotic disturbances...
January 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151088/cotard-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Sebastian Dieguez
Cotard's syndrome is often described as the delusional belief that one is dead or non-existent. However, Jules Cotard's initial description (1880) of the "delusion of negations" was much richer and also involved delusions and claims of immortality and enormity, feelings of damnation, and illusions of bodily dissolution and transformation. Alternatively conceived as an extreme case of depression, hypochondria, or psychosis, the condition is considered rare and remains poorly understood. Cotard himself provided a taxonomy and several explanations for the condition, focusing on its distinction from classical persecutory delusions and suggesting that it could be a kind of reversed grandiosity...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108718/a-new-animal-model-for-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-hipec-in-tumor-bearing-mice-in-the-treatment-of-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-of-ovarian-origin
#9
G Miailhe, A Arfi, M Mirshahi, C Eveno, M Pocard, C Touboul
AIM OF THE STUDY: We set out to develop and evaluate the morbidity of a non-invasive hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) procedure in mice. HIPEC has been shown to improve overall survival in treating ovarian cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis. However, related complications, toxicity and the lack of randomized trials limits its widespread use. To improve the surgical technique, there is a need for animal models that allow teams to work on large groups without burdensome logistics...
June 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960345/hypochondria-as-an-actual-neurosis
#10
Bernd Nissen
Freud defined hypochondria as an actual neurosis. In this paper the actual neurosis will be interpreted as unbound traumatic elements which threaten the self. In severe hypochondria, breakdowns have occurred, as outlined by Winnicott. The nameless traumatic elements of the breakdown have been encapsulated. The moment these encapsulated elements are liberated, an actual dynamic takes place which threatens the self with annihilation. Projective identification is not possible because no idea of containment exists...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744937/differences-in-clinical-intrusive-thoughts-between-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-hypochondria
#11
Pablo Romero-Sanchiz, Raquel Nogueira-Arjona, Antonio Godoy-Ávila, Aurora Gavino-Lázaro, Mark H Freeston
Differences and similarities between intrusive thoughts typical of obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and hypochondriasis are relevant for their differential diagnosis, formulation, and psychological treatment. Previous research in non-clinical samples pointed out the relevance of some process variables, such as responsibility, guilt, or neutralization strategies. This research is aimed to investigate the differences and similarities between clinical obsessions, worries, and illness intrusions in some of these process variables...
November 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628965/hypochondria-a-review-of-its-place-in-psychoanalytic-theory
#12
REVIEW
Georgios Stathopoulos
After identifying Freud's fundamental contributions to the concept of hypochondria, the author undertakes a brief review of the term's trajectory within the Anglophone and Francophone psychoanalytic literature. Notions of defense, anxiety, and representation as they relate to corporeal experience are discussed. The author illustrates these main axes with which to read hypochondria with clinical material drawn from the analysis of a woman in whom somatic manifestations were especially pervasive.
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501837/-hypochondria-yesterday-and-today
#13
Magdalena Piegza, Piotr Ścisło, Karina Badura-Brzoza, Robert Pudlo, Łukasz Kunert, Piotr W Gorczyca
The publication aims to discuss hypochondriacal disorders. This paper presents the history of the concept of hypochondria from antiquity to modern times, also includes brief information regarding etiopathogenesis, etiology, classification and treatment of hypochondria with particular emphasis on psychotherapy. Our goal was to make the subject hypochondriacal disorders, as a disease entity often encountered in everyday medical practice.
2015: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044954/haemobilia-a-rare-cause-of-upper-gastro-intestinal-bleeding
#14
Daniel Ion, Carmen Iuliana Mavrodin, Mihai Bogdan Șerban, Tudor Marinescu, Dan Nicolae Păduraru
Haemobilia is a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding that consists of haemorrhage within the biliary tree. Most cases of haemobilia are due to iatrogenic cause, laparoscopic or open cholecystectomy, abdominal trauma, gallstones, hepatic tumours, vascular aneurism. We present the case of a male patient admitted in the surgery department for epigastric and right hypochondria pain, nausea and vomiting. Open cholecystectomy was performed with a trans-cystic tube drainage. Postoperative outcome was favourable but with a continuous decrease in haemoglobin level...
November 2016: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041577/a-concept-mapping-study-on-perpetuating-factors-of-functional-somatic-symptoms-from-clinicians-perspective
#15
Karin A M Janssens, Jan H Houtveen, Lineke M Tak, Irma J Bonvanie, Anna Scholtalbers, Anne van Gils, Rinie Geenen, Judith G M Rosmalen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this concept mapping study was to identify the structure and alleged importance of perpetuating factors of functional somatic symptoms (FSS) from the perspective of professionals. Further, we examined to which extent these factors have been addressed in scientific literature. METHODS: Ninety-nine perpetuating factors were sorted with respect to content using a card-sorting task by 61 experienced clinicians (62.3% psychologists, 75.4% female, mean age: 45...
January 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594822/theoretical-tinnitus-framework-a-neurofunctional-model
#16
Iman Ghodratitoostani, Yossi Zana, Alexandre C B Delbem, Siamak S Sani, Hamed Ekhtiari, Tanit G Sanchez
Subjective tinnitus is the conscious (attended) awareness perception of sound in the absence of an external source and can be classified as an auditory phantom perception. Earlier literature establishes three distinct states of conscious perception as unattended, attended, and attended awareness conscious perception. The current tinnitus development models depend on the role of external events congruently paired with the causal physical events that precipitate the phantom perception. We propose a novel Neurofunctional Tinnitus Model to indicate that the conscious (attended) awareness perception of phantom sound is essential in activating the cognitive-emotional value...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530581/a-cross-cultural-study-of-mental-health-among-internet-addicted-and-non-internet-addicted-iranian-and-indian-students
#17
Masoumeh Esmaeilivand, Fereshteh Jalalvandi, Mohammad Mehdi Mohammadi, Shima Parandin, Parvin Taghizadeh, Peyman Arasteh
INTRODUCTION: In the background of increasing use of internet in Asian countries, the study of psychological health in internet addicted users seems to be vital and necessary. Therefore the present study aimed to determine mental health among internet addicted and non-internet addicted Iranian and Indian students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 400 students in various colleges from Pune and Mumbai cities of Maharashtra. Internet Addiction Test and Symptom Check List (SCL) 90-R were used...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357450/-delusional-depression-diagnostics-phenomenology-and-therapy
#18
REVIEW
M Bürgy
Depressive delusion is the key symptom of psychotic depression also known as major depressive disorder with psychotic features (ICD-10: F 32.3). Delusional topics are limited to guilt, impoverishment and hypochondria. Kurt Schneider described these as being the three primordial fears of human beings. Psychotic depression is distinguished by the particular severity and frequency of the episodes of illness as well as by increased suicidal tendencies. Although one in five patients with a major depression experiences psychotic symptoms, this condition is all too easily overlooked and the appropriate therapy is not initiated...
May 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086332/changes-in-personality-functioning-as-a-result-of-group-psychotherapy-with-elements-of-individual-psychotherapy-in-persons-with-neurotic-and-personality-disorders-mmpi-2
#19
Katarzyna Cyranka, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Michał Mielimąka, Jerzy A Sobański, Bogna Smiatek-Mazgaj, Katarzyna Klasa, Edyta Dembińska, Łukasz Müldner-Nieckowski, Paweł Rodziński
AIM: The study of group psychotherapy influence on the personality functioning of patients on treatment for neurotic disorders and selected personality disorders (F4-F6 under ICD-10). METHODS: The study concerned 82 patients (61 women and 21 men) who underwent intensive short-term group psychotherapy in a day ward. A comprehensive assessment of the patients' personality functioning was carried out at the outset and the end of the psychotherapy utilising the MMPI-2 questionnaire...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27033610/hypochondria-or-the-awareness-of-death-that-goes-against-the-cure-commentary
#20
Leonardo Caffo
Fifteen years after the publication of G. Braddock's paper "Epicureanism, death, and the good life" in Philosophical inquiry the time has come to think of what actually prevents Epicureanism from taking root in Western societies, thereby facilitating our relationship with disease and care: hypochondria. In this commentary I analyse the philosophical problem of hypochondria overturning Heidegger's idea that awareness of death is positive and calling for medical therapies that, through the help of psychology, would act on the causes and elimination of hypochondria...
2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
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