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Sedentary Lifestyle AND Elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301951/circadian-monitoring-as-an-aging-predictor
#1
A Martinez-Nicolas, J A Madrid, F J García, M Campos, M T Moreno-Casbas, P F Almaida-Pagán, A Lucas-Sánchez, M A Rol
The ageing process is associated with sleep and circadian rhythm (SCR) frailty, as well as greater sensitivity to chronodisruption. This is essentially due to reduced day/night contrast, decreased sensitivity to light, napping and a more sedentary lifestyle. Thus, the aim of this study is to develop an algorithm to identify a SCR phenotype as belonging to young or aged subjects. To do this, 44 young and 44 aged subjects were recruited, and their distal skin temperature (DST), activity, body position, light, environmental temperature and the integrated variable TAP rhythms were recorded under free-living conditions for five consecutive workdays...
October 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30281796/self-reported-physical-function-as-a-predictor-of-hospitalization-in-the-lifestyle-interventions-and-independence-for-elders-study
#2
Kathryn E Callahan, Laura Lovato, Michael E Miller, Anthony P Marsh, Roger A Fielding, Thomas M Gill, Erik J Groessl, Jack Guralnik, Abby C King, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Mary M McDermott, Todd Manini, Anne B Newman, W Jack Rejeski
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether baseline scores on the Mobility Assessment Tool-short form (MAT-sf), a brief, animated, computer-based means of assessing mobility that predicts mobility disability, are associated with number of hospitalizations and time to first hospitalization over a median follow-up of 2.7 years. DESIGN: Post hoc analysis of prospectively gathered data from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study, a randomized clinical trial of lifestyle interventions to preserve mobility in older adults...
October 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30227884/the-effect-of-virtual-reality-based-balance-training-on-motor-learning-and-postural-control-in-healthy-adults-a-randomized-preliminary-study
#3
Thunyanoot Prasertsakul, Panya Kaimuk, Wipawee Chinjenpradit, Weerawat Limroongreungrat, Warakorn Charoensuk
BACKGROUND: Adults with sedentary lifestyles seem to face a higher risk of falling in their later years. Several causes, such as impairment of strength, coordination, and cognitive function, influence worsening health conditions, including balancing ability. Many modalities can be applied to improve the balance function and prevent falling. Several studies have also recorded the effects of balance training in elderly adults for fall prevention. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to define the effect of virtual reality-based balance training on motor learning and postural control abilities in healthy adults...
September 18, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169811/can-intraindividual-variability-in-cognitive-speed-be-reduced-by-physical-exercise-results-from-the-life-study
#4
Allison A M Bielak, Christopher R Brydges
Objectives: Findings are mixed regarding the potential to improve older adults' cognitive ability via training and activity interventions. One novel sensitive outcome may be intraindividual variability (IIV) in cognitive speed, or moment-to-moment changes in a person's performance. The present paper evaluated if participants who participated in a moderate physical activity intervention showed a reduction in IIV, compared to a successful aging education control group. Method: For approximately 2...
August 30, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898680/association-between-health-risks-and-frailty-in-relation-to-the-degree-of-housing-damage-among-elderly-survivors-of-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#5
M Tsubota-Utsugi, Y Yonekura, K Tanno, M Nozue, H Shimoda, N Nishi, K Sakata, S Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Many survivors of the Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred in 2011 were at risk of deteriorating health, especially elderly people living in disaster-stricken areas. The objectives of this prospective study were: a) to clarify the different lifestyle and psychosocial factors associated with frailty by sex among the non-disabled elderly survivors, and b) to describe the differences in characteristics stratified by the degree of disaster-related housing damage. METHODS: We followed 2261 Japanese survivors aged ≥65 years (45...
June 4, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785635/self-monitoring-physical-activity-with-a-smartphone-application-in-cancer-patients-a-randomized-feasibility-study-smart-trial
#6
Harm L Ormel, Gabriela G F van der Schoot, Nico-Derk L Westerink, Wim J Sluiter, Jourik A Gietema, Annemiek M E Walenkamp
PURPOSE: Evidence accumulates that an active lifestyle positively influences cancer treatment outcome. A "smartphone application" (app) such as "RunKeeper," to self-monitor physical activity (PA) might be helpful. This study aimed to examine whether using RunKeeper to increase self-reported PA is feasible in cancer patients and to evaluate patients' opinion about using RunKeeper in a 12-week program. METHODS: Adult patients (n = 32), diagnosed with cancer, were randomized between usual care (n = 16) or a 12-week intervention with instructions to self-monitor PA with RunKeeper (n = 16)...
November 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696228/serious-adverse-events-of-older-adults-in-nursing-home-and-community-intervention-trials
#7
Rupak Datta, Mark Trentalange, Peter H Van Ness, Joanne M McGloin, Jack M Guralnik, Michael E Miller, Michael P Walkup, Neelesh Nadkarni, Marco Pahor, Thomas M Gill, Vincent Quagliarello, Manisha Juthani-Mehta
Background/Aims: Clinical trials of older adults are increasingly common, but risks of serious adverse events (SAE) may vary. We describe the incidence of SAE in two randomized trials, one community-based and one nursing home-based. Methods: We performed a secondary data analysis from two randomized clinical trials at one academic health center and 21 nursing homes involving 200 sedentary community dwellers aged 70-89 years and 185 female nursing home residents aged 65 years or older...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659685/can-curcumin-counteract-cognitive-decline-clinical-trial-evidence-and-rationale-for-combining-%C3%AF-3-fatty-acids-with-curcumin
#8
Julia Christina Kuszewski, Rachel Heloise Xiwen Wong, Peter Ranald Charles Howe
The rate of cognitive decline in the elderly is highly variable. One potential factor contributing to accelerated cognitive decline is chronic systemic inflammation, because it has been linked to cognitive impairment and increased dementia risk. Certain lifestyle factors, such as excess body weight and sedentary behavior, can exacerbate a proinflammatory state in older adults, resulting in chronic low-grade inflammation. Supplementing the diet with curcumin, an anti-inflammatory polyphenolic compound from the curry spice turmeric, is a potential approach to prevent accelerated cognitive decline by counteracting chronic inflammatory processes...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659622/the-association-of-single-and-combined-factors-of-sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-with-subjective-cognitive-complaints-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-cross-sectional-study
#9
Yuta Nemoto, Shinichiro Sato, Masaki Takahashi, Noriko Takeda, Munehiro Matsushita, Yoshinori Kitabatake, Kazushi Maruo, Takashi Arao
Subjective cognitive complaints (SCC) might be a meaningful indicator of dementia onset or mild cognitive impairment, and identifying the related factors of SCC could contribute to preventing these diseases. However, the relationship between SCC and lifestyle factors remains largely unproven. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of type of sedentary behavior, physical activity, or their combination with SCC among community-dwelling older adults. In 2016, 6677 community-living elderly were recruited to participate in a survey investigating cognition, physical activity, and sedentary behavior...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608795/gait-speed-and-mobility-disability-revisiting-meaningful-levels-in-diverse-clinical-populations
#10
Michael E Miller, Jay Magaziner, Anthony P Marsh, Roger A Fielding, Thomas M Gill, Abby C King, Stephen Kritchevsky, Todd Manini, Mary M McDermott, Rebecca Neiberg, Denise Orwig, Adam J Santanasto, Marco Pahor, Jack Guralnik, W Jack Rejeski
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the heterogeneity of clinically meaningful levels of gait speed relative to self-reported mobility disability (SR-MD). DESIGN: Five longitudinal studies with older adults in different health states (onset of acute event, presence of chronic condition, sedentary, community living) were used to explore the relationship between gait speed and SR-MD. SETTING: Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P), LIFE, Trial of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition and Novel Cardiovascular Risk Factors (TRAIN), Baltimore Hip Fracture Study (BHS2), Invecchiare in Chianti (InCHIANTI)...
May 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582895/-feeling-more-self-confident-cheerful-and-safe-experiences-from-a-health-promoting-intervention-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-qualitative-study
#11
Å von Berens, A Koochek, M Nydahl, R A Fielding, T Gustafsson, D R Kirn, T Cederholm, M Södergren
OBJECTIVES: Studies show that regular exercise in combination with nutritional support can be effective in managing sarcopenia, which is age-related involuntary loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength. Qualitative investigations of participants' experiences from interventions in this domain are scarce. In this study, we explored older persons' experiences from an intervention designed to prevent sarcopenia, with the aim of capturing the participants' thoughts and opinions. DESIGN: A qualitative study embedded in the multicenter randomized clinical trial The Vitality and Vigor in the Elderly study, VIVE2...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383535/time-spent-outdoors-activity-levels-and-chronic-disease-among-american-adults
#12
Kirsten M M Beyer, Aniko Szabo, Kelly Hoormann, Melinda Stolley
Chronic diseases-including cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and metabolic conditions such as diabetes and obesity-account for over 60% of overall global mortality. Sedentary time increases the risk for chronic disease incidence and mortality, while moderate to vigorous physical activity is known to decrease risk. Most Americans spend at least half of their time sedentary, with a trend toward increasingly sedentary lifestyles, and few Americans achieve recommended levels of physical activity. Time spent outdoors has been associated with reduced sedentary time and increased physical activity among children/youth and the elderly, but few population-based studies have examined this relationship among working age adults who may face greater constraints on active, outdoor time...
August 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362243/diabetes-related-behaviours-among-elderly-people-with-pre-diabetes-in-rural-communities-of-hunan-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Bangan Luo, Jianglin Zhang, Zhao Hu, Fan Gao, Qiuhong Zhou, Shuang Song, Lulu Qin, Huilan Xu
OBJECTIVE: To explore diabetes-related behaviours and their influencing factors among elderly individuals with pre-diabetes in rural areas of China. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among elderly individuals (≥60 years) in rural communities in Yiyang City of China. Multistaged cluster random sampling was carried out to select 42 areas, and interviews were conducted among 434 elderly individuals with pre-diabetes (fasting plasma glucose 6...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357943/moving-motivation-oriented-intervention-study-for-the-elderly-in-greifswald-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Fabian Kleinke, Thea Schwaneberg, Franziska Weymar, Peter Penndorf, Sabina Ulbricht, Kristin Lehnert, Marcus Dörr, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Neeltje van den Berg
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of mortality. In 2014, they were responsible for 38.9% of all causes of death in Germany. One major risk factor for CVD is a lack of physical activity (PA). A health-promoting lifestyle including regular PA and minimizing sitting time (ST) in daily life is a central preventive measure. Previous studies have shown that PA decreases in older age; 2.4-29% of the people aged over 60 years achieve the World Health Organization recommendations...
January 22, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357826/effects-of-resistance-training-on-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-among-sarcopenic-obese-residents-in-long-term-care-facilities-a-preliminary-study
#15
Shu-Ching Chiu, Rong-Sen Yang, Rea-Jeng Yang, Shu-Fang Chang
BACKGROUND: Aging-related loss of muscle and strength with increased adiposity is prevalent among older people in long-term care (LTC) facilities. Studies have shown that people with sarcopenic obesity (SO) are at high risk of declining physical performance. At present, no interventional studies on residents with SO in nursing homes have been conducted in the literature. The objectives of this study include appraising the changes in body composition and physical performance following resistance training among residents with SO in LTC facilities...
January 22, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188878/effect-of-a-6-month-brisk-walking-program-on-walking-endurance-in-sedentary-and-physically-deconditioned-women-aged-60-or-older-a-randomized-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
H Blain, A Jaussent, M-C Picot, L Maimoun, O Coste, T Masud, J Bousquet, P L Bernard
BACKGROUND: Walking endurance is a predictor of healthy ageing. OBJECTIVE: To examine if a 6-month brisk walking program can increase walking endurance in sedentary and physically deconditioned older women. TRIAL DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Women recruited from public meetings aimed at promoting physical activity in women aged 60 or older. SUBJECTS: 121 women aged 65.7 ± 4.3 years, with sedentary lifestyle (Physical Activity Questionnaire for the Elderly score < 9...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188859/cognitive-performance-does-not-limit-physical-activity-participation-in-the-lifestyle-interventions-and-independence-for-elders-pilot-study-life-p
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
K F Reid, M P Walkup, J A Katula, K M Sink, S Anton, R Axtell, D R Kerwin, A C King, F Kramer, M E Miller, V Myers, C Rosano, S A Studenski, O L Lopez, J Verghese, R A Fielding, J Williamson
OBJECTIVES: We examined whether multiple domains of baseline cognitive performance were associated with prospective physical activity (PA) adherence in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot study (LIFE-P). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: The LIFE-P study was a single-blind, multicenter, randomized controlled trial of a PA intervention compared to a successful aging educational intervention in sedentary, mobility-limited older adults. INTERVENTION: A 12-month structured, moderate-intensity, multi-modal PA program that included walking, resistance training, and flexibility exercises...
2017: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074437/metabolomics-applied-to-diabetes-lessons-from-human-population-studies
#18
REVIEW
Sonia Liggi, Julian L Griffin
The 'classical' distribution of type 2 diabetes (T2D) across the globe is rapidly changing and it is no longer predominantly a disease of middle-aged/elderly adults of western countries, but it is becoming more common through Asia and the Middle East, as well as increasingly found in younger individuals. This global altered incidence of T2D is most likely associated with the spread of western diets and sedentary lifestyles, although there is still much debate as to whether the increased incidence rates are due to an overconsumption of fats, sugars or more generally high-calorie foods...
December 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827436/association-between-sedentary-time-and-mortality-across-levels-of-frailty
#19
Olga Theou, Joanna M Blodgett, Judith Godin, Kenneth Rockwood
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviours are associated with adverse health outcomes in middle-aged and older adults, even among those who exercise. We examined whether the degree of frailty affects the association between sedentary behaviours and higher risk of mortality. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we used data from 3141 community-dwelling adults 50 years of age or older from the 2003/04 and 2005/06 cohorts of the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
August 21, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820909/dose-of-physical-activity-physical-functioning-and-disability-risk-in-mobility-limited-older-adults-results-from-the-life-study-randomized-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Roger A Fielding, Jack M Guralnik, Abby C King, Marco Pahor, Mary M McDermott, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Todd M Manini, Nancy W Glynn, Anthony P Marsh, Robert S Axtell, Fang-Chi Hsu, W Jack Rejeski
Understanding the minimal dose of physical activity required to achieve improvement in physical functioning and reductions in disability risk is necessary to inform public health recommendations. To examine the effect of physical activity dose on changes in physical functioning and the onset of major mobility disability in The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. We conducted a multicenter single masked randomized controlled trial that enrolled participants in 2010 and 2011 and followed them for an average of 2...
2017: PloS One
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