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Sedentary Lifestyle AND Elderly

Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa, Mezna A AlMarzooqi
Background: Although the benefits of physical activity are well acknowledged, a high percentage of Saudi population, especially females, remain essentially physically inactive. Getting inactive people to start participating in physical activity and to keep exercising remains a great challenge. Physical activity initiatives in the country have not been previously documented. Therefore, the aim of this article was to provide a narrative review of the physical activity initiatives and discusses influencing factors...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Isabella Berardelli, Valentina Corigliano, Michael Hawkins, Anna Comparelli, Denise Erbuto, Maurizio Pompili
Over the past years, there has been a growing interest in the association between lifestyle psychosocial interventions, severe mental illness, and suicide risk. Patients with severe mental disorders have higher mortality rates, poor health states, and higher suicide risk compared to the general population. Lifestyle behaviors are amenable to change through the adoption of specific psychosocial interventions, and several approaches have been promoted. The current article provides a comprehensive review of the literature on lifestyle interventions, mental health, and suicide risk in the general population and in patients with psychiatric disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Amal A Wanigatunga, Thomas M Gill, Anthony P Marsh, Fang-Chi Hsu, Lusine Yaghjyan, Adam J Woods, Nancy W Glynn, Abby C King, Robert L Newton, Roger A Fielding, Marco Pahor, Todd M Manini
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of hospitalizations on patterns of sedentary and physical activity time in mobility-limited older adults randomized to structured physical activity or health education. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of investigator-blinded, parallel-group, randomized trial conducted at 8 U.S. centers between February 2010 and December 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Sedentary men and women aged 70 to 89 at baseline who wore a hip-fitted accelerometer 7 consecutive days at baseline and 6, 12, and 24 months after randomization (N=1,341)...
November 19, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Kazuki Ohashi, Toru Ishikawa, Asami Hoshi, Mitsuyuki Suzuki, Yuta Mitobe, Etsuko Yamada, Hansani Madushika Abeywickrama, Nao Seki, Chikayo Koyama, Hagiko Aoki, Yu Koyama
Background: Sarcopenia can affect the prognosis of patients with cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. Exercise therapy and nutritional therapy are carried out to prevent processing sarcopenia. In addition, changing lifestyle is also important. However, there are only few reports on the physical activities (PAs) and lifestyle of chronic liver disease patients and their association with sarcopenia. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between sarcopenia in patients with chronic liver disease and both PA and lifestyle...
December 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Zuyun Liu, Fang-Chi Hsu, Andrea Trombetti, Abby C King, Christine K Liu, Todd M Manini, Roger A Fielding, Marco Pahor, Anne B Newman, Stephen Kritchevsky, Thomas M Gill
BACKGROUND: Whether physical activity can reduce cognitive frailty-a relatively new "compound" phenotype proposed in 2013-and whether the effect of physical activity differs based on levels of inflammation are unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of physical activity on cognitive frailty and whether baseline interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels modified this effect. METHODS: We used data from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study, a multicenter, single-blinded randomized trial conducted at eight US field centers between February 2010 and December 2013...
October 24, 2018: BMC Medicine
Carla Busquets-Cortés, Xavier Capó, Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Miquel Martorell, Miguel D Ferrer, Emma Argelich, Cristina Bouzas, Sandra Carreres, Josep A Tur, Antoni Pons, Antoni Sureda
Regular physical activity prescription is a key point for healthy aging and chronic disease management and prevention. Our aim was to evaluate the antioxidant defense system and the mitochondrial status in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and the level of oxidative damage in plasma in active, intermediate and inactive elderly. In total, 127 healthy men and women >55 years old participated in the study and were classified according on their level of declared physical activity. A more active lifestyle was accompanied by lower weight, fat mass and body mass index when compared to a more sedentary life-style...
October 20, 2018: Nutrients
A Martinez-Nicolas, J A Madrid, F J García, M Campos, M T Moreno-Casbas, P F Almaida-Pagán, A Lucas-Sánchez, M A Rol
The ageing process is associated with sleep and circadian rhythm (SCR) frailty, as well as greater sensitivity to chronodisruption. This is essentially due to reduced day/night contrast, decreased sensitivity to light, napping and a more sedentary lifestyle. Thus, the aim of this study is to develop an algorithm to identify a SCR phenotype as belonging to young or aged subjects. To do this, 44 young and 44 aged subjects were recruited, and their distal skin temperature (DST), activity, body position, light, environmental temperature and the integrated variable TAP rhythms were recorded under free-living conditions for five consecutive workdays...
October 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Kathryn E Callahan, Laura Lovato, Michael E Miller, Anthony P Marsh, Roger A Fielding, Thomas M Gill, Erik J Groessl, Jack Guralnik, Abby C King, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Mary M McDermott, Todd Manini, Anne B Newman, W Jack Rejeski
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether baseline scores on the Mobility Assessment Tool-short form (MAT-sf), a brief, animated, computer-based means of assessing mobility that predicts mobility disability, are associated with number of hospitalizations and time to first hospitalization over a median follow-up of 2.7 years. DESIGN: Post hoc analysis of prospectively gathered data from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study, a randomized clinical trial of lifestyle interventions to preserve mobility in older adults...
October 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Thunyanoot Prasertsakul, Panya Kaimuk, Wipawee Chinjenpradit, Weerawat Limroongreungrat, Warakorn Charoensuk
BACKGROUND: Adults with sedentary lifestyles seem to face a higher risk of falling in their later years. Several causes, such as impairment of strength, coordination, and cognitive function, influence worsening health conditions, including balancing ability. Many modalities can be applied to improve the balance function and prevent falling. Several studies have also recorded the effects of balance training in elderly adults for fall prevention. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to define the effect of virtual reality-based balance training on motor learning and postural control abilities in healthy adults...
September 18, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
Allison A M Bielak, Christopher R Brydges
Objectives: Findings are mixed regarding the potential to improve older adults' cognitive ability via training and activity interventions. One novel sensitive outcome may be intraindividual variability (IIV) in cognitive speed, or moment-to-moment changes in a person's performance. The present paper evaluated if participants who participated in a moderate physical activity intervention showed a reduction in IIV, compared to a successful aging education control group. Method: For approximately 2...
August 30, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
M Tsubota-Utsugi, Y Yonekura, K Tanno, M Nozue, H Shimoda, N Nishi, K Sakata, S Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Many survivors of the Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred in 2011 were at risk of deteriorating health, especially elderly people living in disaster-stricken areas. The objectives of this prospective study were: a) to clarify the different lifestyle and psychosocial factors associated with frailty by sex among the non-disabled elderly survivors, and b) to describe the differences in characteristics stratified by the degree of disaster-related housing damage. METHODS: We followed 2261 Japanese survivors aged ≥65 years (45...
June 4, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Harm L Ormel, Gabriela G F van der Schoot, Nico-Derk L Westerink, Wim J Sluiter, Jourik A Gietema, Annemiek M E Walenkamp
PURPOSE: Evidence accumulates that an active lifestyle positively influences cancer treatment outcome. A "smartphone application" (app) such as "RunKeeper," to self-monitor physical activity (PA) might be helpful. This study aimed to examine whether using RunKeeper to increase self-reported PA is feasible in cancer patients and to evaluate patients' opinion about using RunKeeper in a 12-week program. METHODS: Adult patients (n = 32), diagnosed with cancer, were randomized between usual care (n = 16) or a 12-week intervention with instructions to self-monitor PA with RunKeeper (n = 16)...
November 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Rupak Datta, Mark Trentalange, Peter H Van Ness, Joanne M McGloin, Jack M Guralnik, Michael E Miller, Michael P Walkup, Neelesh Nadkarni, Marco Pahor, Thomas M Gill, Vincent Quagliarello, Manisha Juthani-Mehta
Background/Aims: Clinical trials of older adults are increasingly common, but risks of serious adverse events (SAE) may vary. We describe the incidence of SAE in two randomized trials, one community-based and one nursing home-based. Methods: We performed a secondary data analysis from two randomized clinical trials at one academic health center and 21 nursing homes involving 200 sedentary community dwellers aged 70-89 years and 185 female nursing home residents aged 65 years or older...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Julia Christina Kuszewski, Rachel Heloise Xiwen Wong, Peter Ranald Charles Howe
The rate of cognitive decline in the elderly is highly variable. One potential factor contributing to accelerated cognitive decline is chronic systemic inflammation, because it has been linked to cognitive impairment and increased dementia risk. Certain lifestyle factors, such as excess body weight and sedentary behavior, can exacerbate a proinflammatory state in older adults, resulting in chronic low-grade inflammation. Supplementing the diet with curcumin, an anti-inflammatory polyphenolic compound from the curry spice turmeric, is a potential approach to prevent accelerated cognitive decline by counteracting chronic inflammatory processes...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
Yuta Nemoto, Shinichiro Sato, Masaki Takahashi, Noriko Takeda, Munehiro Matsushita, Yoshinori Kitabatake, Kazushi Maruo, Takashi Arao
Subjective cognitive complaints (SCC) might be a meaningful indicator of dementia onset or mild cognitive impairment, and identifying the related factors of SCC could contribute to preventing these diseases. However, the relationship between SCC and lifestyle factors remains largely unproven. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of type of sedentary behavior, physical activity, or their combination with SCC among community-dwelling older adults. In 2016, 6677 community-living elderly were recruited to participate in a survey investigating cognition, physical activity, and sedentary behavior...
2018: PloS One
Michael E Miller, Jay Magaziner, Anthony P Marsh, Roger A Fielding, Thomas M Gill, Abby C King, Stephen Kritchevsky, Todd Manini, Mary M McDermott, Rebecca Neiberg, Denise Orwig, Adam J Santanasto, Marco Pahor, Jack Guralnik, W Jack Rejeski
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the heterogeneity of clinically meaningful levels of gait speed relative to self-reported mobility disability (SR-MD). DESIGN: Five longitudinal studies with older adults in different health states (onset of acute event, presence of chronic condition, sedentary, community living) were used to explore the relationship between gait speed and SR-MD. SETTING: Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P), LIFE, Trial of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition and Novel Cardiovascular Risk Factors (TRAIN), Baltimore Hip Fracture Study (BHS2), Invecchiare in Chianti (InCHIANTI)...
May 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Å von Berens, A Koochek, M Nydahl, R A Fielding, T Gustafsson, D R Kirn, T Cederholm, M Södergren
OBJECTIVES: Studies show that regular exercise in combination with nutritional support can be effective in managing sarcopenia, which is age-related involuntary loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength. Qualitative investigations of participants' experiences from interventions in this domain are scarce. In this study, we explored older persons' experiences from an intervention designed to prevent sarcopenia, with the aim of capturing the participants' thoughts and opinions. DESIGN: A qualitative study embedded in the multicenter randomized clinical trial The Vitality and Vigor in the Elderly study, VIVE2...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Kirsten M M Beyer, Aniko Szabo, Kelly Hoormann, Melinda Stolley
Chronic diseases-including cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and metabolic conditions such as diabetes and obesity-account for over 60% of overall global mortality. Sedentary time increases the risk for chronic disease incidence and mortality, while moderate to vigorous physical activity is known to decrease risk. Most Americans spend at least half of their time sedentary, with a trend toward increasingly sedentary lifestyles, and few Americans achieve recommended levels of physical activity. Time spent outdoors has been associated with reduced sedentary time and increased physical activity among children/youth and the elderly, but few population-based studies have examined this relationship among working age adults who may face greater constraints on active, outdoor time...
August 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Bangan Luo, Jianglin Zhang, Zhao Hu, Fan Gao, Qiuhong Zhou, Shuang Song, Lulu Qin, Huilan Xu
OBJECTIVE: To explore diabetes-related behaviours and their influencing factors among elderly individuals with pre-diabetes in rural areas of China. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among elderly individuals (≥60 years) in rural communities in Yiyang City of China. Multistaged cluster random sampling was carried out to select 42 areas, and interviews were conducted among 434 elderly individuals with pre-diabetes (fasting plasma glucose 6...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Open
Fabian Kleinke, Thea Schwaneberg, Franziska Weymar, Peter Penndorf, Sabina Ulbricht, Kristin Lehnert, Marcus Dörr, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Neeltje van den Berg
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of mortality. In 2014, they were responsible for 38.9% of all causes of death in Germany. One major risk factor for CVD is a lack of physical activity (PA). A health-promoting lifestyle including regular PA and minimizing sitting time (ST) in daily life is a central preventive measure. Previous studies have shown that PA decreases in older age; 2.4-29% of the people aged over 60 years achieve the World Health Organization recommendations...
January 22, 2018: Trials
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