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Hepatitis A immunization of immunosupressed

Juan-Ramon Larrubia
Occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a world-wide entity, following the geographical distribution of detectable hepatitis B. This entity is defined as the persistence of viral genomes in the liver tissue and in some instances also in the serum, associated to negative HBV surface antigen serology. The molecular basis of the occult infection is related to the life cycle of HBV, which produces a covalently closed circular DNA that persists in the cell nuclei as an episome, and serves as a template for gene transcription...
March 28, 2011: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Bruno Gottstein, Matthias Wittwer, Marc Schild, Michael Merli, Stephen L Leib, Norbert Müller, Joachim Müller, Rolf Jaggi
BACKGROUND: Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a severe chronic hepatic parasitic disease currently emerging in central and eastern Europe. Untreated AE presents a high mortality (>90%) due to a severe hepatic destruction as a result of parasitic metacestode proliferation which behaves like a malignant tumor. Despite this severe course and outcome of disease, the genetic program that regulates the host response leading to organ damage as a consequence of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis is largely unknown...
2010: PloS One
Adriana Vince, Davorka Dusek
Infections are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with rheumatic diseases. Although bacterial pathogens are the most common cause of infections, a wide variety of viral pathogens can also cause serious clinical manifestations mostly due to immunosupressive therapy primarily targeting cellular immunity (steroids, cyclosporins, cyclophosphamid, leflunomid, TNF-alfa antagonists etc.). Depleted cellular immunity can lead to reactivation of latent viruses such as members of Herpesvirus family, or hepatitis B and C viruses...
2007: Reumatizam
Marek J Nowicki, Cheryl Vigen, Wendy J Mack, Eric Seaberg, Alan Landay, Kathryn Anastos, Mary Young, Howard Minkoff, Ruth Greenblatt, Alexandra M Levine
Evidence indicates that immunosupression is associated with the development of certain cancers. The pathogenesis of HIV disease includes an alteration in innate immunity, mediated through NK and NKT cells. The evaluation of innate immune status in HIV patients prior to cancer diagnosis may identify the specific immunological events preceding the development of malignant disease. We evaluated the association between immunophenotypically defined NK, NKT, and CD8(+) cell percentages and incident malignancies in 1817 HIV(+) women in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) who were followed for a median of 7...
February 2008: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
U Oldakowska-Jedynak, M Niewczas, J Ziolkowski, K Mucha, B Foroncewicz, I Bartlomiejczyk, G Senatorski, J Wyzgal, M Krawczyk, K Zieniewicz, P Nyckowski, L Paczek
The aim of our study was to assess the incidence course, influence on liver function, diagnostic methods, prophylaxis of, and cost treatment effectiveness of CMV infection among 123 consecutive liver transplant recipients. All patients received immunoglobulin and parenterall gancyclovir as prophylaxis. CMV IgM and IgG antibodies were determined using an ELISA method. Thirty seven patients (30.0%) developed CMV infection. Main indications for primary LTX were: immune liver disease (n = 22), viral hepatitis (n = 5), and other (n = 10)...
September 2003: Transplantation Proceedings
P Schott, H Hartmann, G Ramadori
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is frequently associated with a variety of autoimmune phenomenons. Mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) appears in up to 50% of chronic HCV-infected patients. Cryoglobulins consist of immunoglobulin complexes precipitating in vitro when cooled below body temperature. In most cases IgM with rheumatoid factor activity is found in cryoprecipitates which could lead to vasculitis induced by the deposition of immnuocomplexes in small vessels. This vasculitis is thought to cause clinical symptoms called Meltzer's triad...
October 2001: Histology and Histopathology
O Sarid, O Anson, A Yaari, M Margalith
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is prevalent in 90% of the population. After primary infection it remains in a latent state and the majority of the virus carriers are asymptomatic during their life. Among the immunocompromized patients such as organ and bone marrow transplant recipients, individuals lacking T cell immunity, and patients treated with corticosteroid, cancer, and AIDS patients EBV primary infection and reactivation can cause life threatening diseases. Immunosupression may occur also during stressful events, which induce corticosteroid release and thus activate EBV...
June 2001: Journal of Medical Virology
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