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NT-Pro-BNP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923990/twenty-year-predictors-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-compared-with-coronary-heart-disease-in-the-scottish-heart-health-extended-cohort-shhec
#1
Hugh Tunstall-Pedoe, Sanne A E Peters, Mark Woodward, Allan D Struthers, Jill J F Belch
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affect different vascular territories. Supplementing baseline findings with assays from stored serum, we compared their 20-year predictors. METHODS AND RESULTS: We randomly recruited 15 737 disease-free men and women aged 30 to 75 years across Scotland between 1984 and 1995 and followed them through 2009 for death and hospital diagnoses. Of these, 3098 developed coronary heart disease (19...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893830/assessment-of-paravalvular-leakage-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-add-clinical-signs-to-echocardiographic-data
#2
Corstiaan A den Uil, Mihai Strachinaru, Ben van der Hoven, J Han J Meeder
A 62-year old male with pulmonary fibrosis and aortic valve stenosis underwent TAVI (Corevalve Evolut XL 34 mm) in the build-up for lung transplantation (LuTx). Following post-dilation for a large annular perimeter, moderate paravalvular aortic regurgitation (AR) was observed. After 6 weeks, he was admitted to the ICU with respiratory failure(A). TTE demonstrated residual mild AR (based on a small excentric paravalvular AR jet, <10% circumferential extent, pressure half-time was not reliably measured) and together with borderline elevated NT-pro-BNP, the consultant cardiologist authorized LuTx listing...
September 11, 2017: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845719/stress-hormones-at-rest-and-following-exercise-testing-predict-coronary-artery-disease-severity-and-outcome
#3
Dejana Popovic, Svetozar Damjanovic, Tea Djordjevic, Dejana Martic, Svetlana Ignjatovic, Neda Milinkovic, Marko Banovic, Ratko Lasica, Milan Petrovic, Marco Guazzi, Ross Arena
OBJECTIVES: Despite considerable knowledge regarding the importance of stress in coronary artery disease (CAD) pathogenesis, its underestimation persists in routine clinical practice, in part attributable to lack of a standardized, objective assessment. The current study examined the ability of stress hormones to predict CAD severity and prognosis at basal conditions as well as during and following an exertional stimulus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty Caucasian subjects with significant coronary artery lesions (≥50%) were included...
August 28, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821258/contribution-of-serum-fgf21-level-to-the-identification-of-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-and-cardiac-death
#4
Yun Shen, Xueli Zhang, Xiaoping Pan, Yiting Xu, Qin Xiong, Zhigang Lu, Xiaojing Ma, Yuqian Bao, Weiping Jia
AIM: The relationship between fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and cardiovascular disease has been well established in recent studies. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between FGF21 and left ventricular systolic dysfunction and cardiac death. METHODS: Two-dimensional echocardiography was used to measure the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) to estimate left ventricular systolic function. The optimal cutoff of FGF21 for identifying left ventricular systolic dysfunction at baseline was analyzed via receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves...
August 18, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819713/plasma-growth-differentiation-factor-15-is-a-potential-biomarker-for-pediatric-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-associated-with-congenital-heart-disease
#5
Gang Li, Yan Li, Xiao-Qiu Tan, Peng Jia, Jian Zhao, Dong Liu, Ting Wang, Bin Liu
We aimed to investigate plasma growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) levels in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension secondary to congenital heart disease (PAH-CHD), and assess the association with hemodynamic parameters. Plasma GDF-15 levels were measured in children with PAH-CHD (n = 46) and compared to children with CHD without PAH (n = 39). Normal individuals (n = 30) served as health control group. Plasma GDF-15 levels were significantly elevated in patients with PAH-CHD compared with those with CHD without PAH (median 1415 ng/L, interquartile range [IQR] 926...
August 18, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777138/high-serum-bilirubin-levels-nt-pro-bnp-and-lactate-predict-mortality-in-long-term-severely-ill-respiratory-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-patients
#6
Franziska Kaestner, Daniel Rapp, Franziska C Trudzinski, Nicole Olewczynska, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Frank Langer, Monika Flaig, Heinrike Wilkens, Robert Bals, Matthias Klingele, Christian Lensch, Sebastian Fähndrich, Philipp M Lepper
Mortality in patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is high. Therefore, it is crucial to better understand conditions that are associated with mortality in ECMO patients. In this retrospective analysis, we observed 51 patients treated with high-flow ECMO in 2013 and 2014 at our center. We recorded laboratory values and intensive care procedures. The hypothesis of bilirubin being a predictor of mortality during ECMO treatment was initially addressed. Therefore, laboratory values were obtained before initiation and at the time of highest bilirubin throughout the procedure...
August 2, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772032/differentiating-heart-failure-phenotypes-using-sex-specific-transcriptomic-and-proteomic-biomarker-panels
#7
Mustafa Toma, George J Mak, Virginia Chen, Zsuzsanna Hollander, Casey P Shannon, Karen K Y Lam, Raymond T Ng, Scott J Tebbutt, Janet E Wilson-McManus, Andrew Ignaszewski, Todd Anderson, Jason R B Dyck, Jonathan Howlett, Justin Ezekowitz, Bruce M McManus, Gavin Y Oudit
AIMS: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) accounts for 30-50% of patients with heart failure (HF). A major obstacle in HF management is the difficulty in differentiating between HFpEF and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) using conventional clinical and laboratory investigations. The aim of this study is to develop robust transcriptomic and proteomic biomarker signatures that can differentiate HFpEF from HFrEF. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 210 HF patients were recruited in participating institutions from the Alberta HEART study...
August 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767656/collagen-turnover-biomarkers-and-systemic-right-ventricle-remodeling-in-adults-with-previous-atrial-switch-procedure-for-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#8
Magdalena Lipczyńska, Piotr Szymański, Magdalena Kumor, Anna Klisiewicz, Piotr Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Myocardial fibrosis is a potential pathophysiological mechanism leading to systemic right ventricular (SRV) deterioration. We hypothesize that circulating levels of collagen deposition markers are elevated in patients with SRV remodeling and this elevation may have a predictive value. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 56 patients with D-TGA after the atrial switch procedure (mean age 25.6 ± 4.8, range 18-37 years; 67% males). Serum levels of procollagen type III amino-terminal propeptide (PIIINP), collagen type I carboxy-terminal telopeptide (CITP), procollagen type I N-terminal propeptide (PINP), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP 1, MMP 9) and a tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP 1) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) were measured and compared with healthy controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725213/can-brain-natriuretic-peptides-and-osteoprotegerin-serve-as-biochemical-markers-for-the-detection-of-aortic-pathology-in-children-and-adolescents-with-turner-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Meenal Mavinkurve, Clodagh S O'Gorman
Turner syndrome (TS) is a chromosomal disorder that affects 1:2,000 females. It results from either the complete or partial loss of the X chromosome as well as other aberrations. Clinical features of TS include short stature, delayed puberty, and congenital cardiac malformations. TS children also have an increased prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors, which predisposes them to complications like coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular-related deaths, and aortic dissection. Early cardiac imaging, such as echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, are recommended to detect underlying aortic pathology...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710072/circulating-acylcarnitine-profile-in-human-heart-failure-a-surrogate-of-fatty-acid-metabolic-dysregulation-in-mitochondria-and-beyond
#10
Matthieu Ruiz, Francois Labarthe, Annik Fortier, Bertrand Bouchard, Julie Thompson Legault, Virginie Bolduc, Odile Rigal, Jane Chen, Anique Ducharme, Peter A Crawford, Jean-Claude Tardif, Christine Des Rosiers
Heart failure (HF) is associated with metabolic perturbations, particularly of fatty acids (FA), which remain to be better understood in humans. This study aimed at testing the hypothesis that HF patients with reduced ejection fraction, display systemic perturbations in levels of energy-related metabolites, especially those reflecting dysregulation of FA metabolism, namely acylcarnitines (ACs). Circulating metabolites were assessed using mass spectrometry (MS)-based methods in two cohorts. The main cohort consisted of 72 controls and 68 HF patients, exhibiting depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (25...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705554/atrial-function-atrial-volume-and-cardiovascular-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-study-of-cardiac-computed-tomography
#11
Laust Dupont, Simon Winther, Hanne Skou Jørgensen, Peter Bomholt, Hans Erik Bøtker, Morten Bøttcher, Per Ivarsen, My Svensson
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Previous studies using 2-dimensional echocardiography show that left atrial end-diastolic volume (LAEDV) predicts cardiovascular outcomes and mortality in patients with CKD. However, contrast-enhanced cardiac CT may offers a more precise measure of atrial dimensions and function than 2-dimensional echocardiography and may provide improved predictionof patient outcome. AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine the association of LAEDV and left atrial ejection fraction (LAEF) assessed by CT with left ventricle end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular mass, left ventricular ejection fraction and N-terminal plasma-pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-PRO-BNP)...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697773/efficacy-and-safety-of-electroacupuncture-in-acute-decompensated-heart-failure-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-patient-and-assessor-blinded-sham-controlled-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jungtae Leem, Seung Min Kathy Lee, Jun Hyeong Park, Suji Lee, Hyemoon Chung, Jung Myung Lee, Weon Kim, Sanghoon Lee, Jong Shin Woo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this trial is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of electroacupuncture in the treatment of acute decompensated heart failure compared with sham electroacupuncture. METHODS: This protocol is for a randomized, sham controlled, patient- and assessor-blinded, parallel group, single center clinical trial that can overcome the limitations of previous trials examining acupuncture and heart failure. Forty-four acute decompensated heart failure patients admitted to the cardiology ward will be randomly assigned into the electroacupuncture treatment group (n = 22) or the sham electroacupuncture control group (n = 22)...
July 11, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664901/corrigendum-n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-nt-pro-bnp-based-score-can-predict-in-hospital-mortality-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#13
Ya-Ting Huang, Yuan-Teng Tseng, Tung-Wei Chu, John Chen, Min-Yu Lai, Woung-Ru Tang, Chih-Chung Shiao
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/srep29590.
June 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622591/targeting-proinflammatory-cytokines-oxidative-stress-tgf-%C3%AE-1-and-stat-3-by-rosuvastatin-and-ubiquinone-to-ameliorate-trastuzumab-cardiotoxicity
#14
Ahmed M Kabel, Abeer A Elkhoely
The aim of this study was to assess the possible modulatory effects of rosuvastatin and/or ubiquinone on trastuzumab (TRZ)-induced cardiotoxicity in mice. One hundred and twenty mice were divided into six equal groups as follows: control group; TRZ group; TRZ+carboxymethyl cellulose group; TRZ+rosuvastatin group; TRZ+Ubiquinone group and TRZ+rosuvastatin+Ubiquinone group. Serum creatine kinase (CK-MB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), troponin I and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) were measured...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610944/bilateral-leg-oedema-after-bariatric-surgery-a-selenium-deficient-cardiomyopathy
#15
Pierre-Laurent Massoure, Olivier Camus, Laurent Fourcade, Fabrice Simon
This report describes a case of selenium-deficient cardiomyopathy secondary to bariatric surgery (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery). A 40 year-old woman presented with bilateral leg oedema nine months after the surgical procedure. Timely diagnosis of selenium-deficient cardiomyopathy was due to the recognition of symptoms of heart failure, increased NT pro-BNP level, detection of myocardial diastolic dysfunction and impaired left ventricular global longitudinal strain by echocardiography, and early identification of selenium deficiency...
June 10, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600804/noninvasive-pulmonary-transit-time-a-new-parameter-for-general-cardiac-performance
#16
Anouk G W de Lepper, Ingeborg H F Herold, Salvatore Saporito, R Arthur Bouwman, Massimo Mischi, Hendrikus H M Korsten, Koen D Reesink, Patrick Houthuizen
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary transit time (PTT) assessed with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a novel tool to evaluate cardiac function. PTT represents the time for a bolus of contrast to pass from the right to the left ventricle, measured according to the indicator dilution principles using CEUS. We investigated the hypothesis that PTT is a measure of general cardiac performance in patient populations eligible for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). METHODS: The study population consisted of heart failure patients referred for CRT with NYHA class II-IV, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)≤35% and QRS≥120 ms...
August 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595171/serum-irisin-predicts-mortality-risk-in-acute-heart-failure-patients
#17
Shutong Shen, Rongrong Gao, Yihua Bei, Jin Li, Haifeng Zhang, Yanli Zhou, Wenming Yao, Dongjie Xu, Fang Zhou, Mengchao Jin, Siqi Wei, Kai Wang, Xuejuan Xu, Yongqin Li, Junjie Xiao, Xinli Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Irisin is a peptide hormone cleaved from a plasma membrane protein fibronectin type III domain containing protein 5 (FNDC5). Emerging studies have indicated association between serum irisin and many major chronic diseases including cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of serum irisin as a predictor for mortality risk in acute heart failure (AHF) patients is not clear. METHODS: AHF patients were enrolled and serum was collected at the admission and all patients were followed up for 1 year...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582641/abo-blood-groups-a-risk-factor-for-left-atrial-and-left-atrial-appendage-thrombogenic-milieu-in-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation
#18
Yuan Fu, Kuibao Li, Xinchun Yang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have identified ABO blood groups as predictors of thromboembolic diseases. In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), however, potential association between ABO blood groups and the risk of left atrial (LA) and/or left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombogenic milieu (TM) has not been established. METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study that included 125 consecutive patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) plus TM, as evidenced by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) during a period from1 January 2010 to 31 December 2016...
May 20, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567700/different-impact-of-aortic-regurgitation-assessed-by-aortic-root-angiography-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-according-to-baseline-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-and-n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide
#19
Hidehiro Kaneko, Frank Hoelschermann, Thomas Schau, Grit Tambor, Michael Neuss, Christian Butter
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an alternative therapeutic option for severe aortic stenosis. Aortic regurgitation (AR) is commonly observed after TAVI and increases the mortality rate. We hypothesized that the influence of significant AR, defined as that more severe than mild AR, on survival rate after TAVI might differ according to the baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) level. We categorized 856 patients who underwent transfemoral TAVI into 2 groups according to their baseline LVEF (<40 and ≥40%) and NT-pro BNP levels (≤5000 and >5000 pg/mL)...
May 31, 2017: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458528/significance-of-nt-pro-bnp-in-acute-exacerbation-of-copd-patients-without-underlying-left-ventricular-dysfunction
#20
Muhammad Adrish, Varalaxmi Bhavani Nannaka, Edison J Cano, Bharat Bajantri, Gilda Diaz-Fuentes
BACKGROUND: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and the N-terminal fragment of pro-BNP (NT-pro-BNP) are established biomarkers of heart failure. Increased levels of natriuretic peptide (NP) have been associated with poor outcomes in acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD); however, most studies did not address the conditions that can also increase NT-pro-BNP levels. We aimed to determine if NT-pro-BNP levels correlate with outcomes of AECOPD in patients without heart failure and other conditions that can affect NT-pro-BNP levels...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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