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Xiaowu Chen, Yudong He, Zhipeng Wang, Jun Li
Cytochrome P450 aromatase (P450arom), which is encoded by cyp19a1a, can convert androgen to estrogen. Therefore, P450arom is important in gonadal differentiation and maintenance. In this study, we analyzed the expression and DNA methylation of cyp19a from Chinese sea perch Lateolabrax maculatus (sp. cyp19a1a). The sp. cyp19a1a gene consists of 9 exons, but only 3.5 kb, being smaller than the human cyp19a1a, as a result of small introns. The sp. cyp19a1a protein contains 518 amino acid residues and evolutionarily conserved domains and is clustered in the teleost subfamily on the phylogenetic tree...
August 9, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Yujia Sun, Gang Luo, Lingmin Zhao, Lixing Huang, Yingxue Qin, Yongquan Su, Qingpi Yan
Pseudomonas plecoglossicida is an important pathogen for aquaculture and causes high mortality in various marine fishes. Expression of sigX was found significantly up-regulated at 18°C than at 28°C, which was verified by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). RNAi significantly reduced the content of sigX mRNA of P. plecoglossicida , whether in in vitro or in the spleen at all sampling time points. Compared with the wild-type strain, the infection of sigX -RNAi strain resulted in the onset time delay, and 20% reduction in mortality of Epinephelus coioides , as well as alleviates in the symptoms of E...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Ze-Quan Mo, Jiu-Le Wang, Rui Han, Qing Han, Yan-Wei Li, Hong-Yan Sun, Xiao-Chun Luo, Xue-Ming Dan
B-cell linker protein (BLNK) is an adaptor protein that plays a crucial role in the B cell antigen receptor (BCR) signal pathway. To investigate the function of BLNK in teleost fish, we cloned a BLNK ortholog gene from the orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides). Homology analysis showed that the grouper BLNK (EcBLNK) had a 34%-77% amino acid identity in comparison to other vertebrates and shared the highest amino acid identity with BLNK from the Asian seabass Lates calcarifer. EcBLNK comprises an N-terminal SAM domain and a C-terminal B-cell linker SH2 domain...
July 25, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
A Richu, N Dahanukar, A Ali, K Ranjeet, R Raghavan
A demographic study on Epinephelus bleekeri based on a sample of 1003 individuals caught in commercial fisheries along the Arabian Sea coast of southern India considerably extends the maximum recorded standard length for this species to 870mm, indicates a high natural mortality rate and an exploitation level (E) greater than the Emax . This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
July 26, 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
Jingguang Wei, Chen Li, Xin Zhang, Sheng Zhou, Shaoqing Zang, Shina Wei, Qiwei Qin
Small ubiquitin-related modifiers (SUMOs) are post-translationally conjugated to other proteins and are essential regulators of a wide range of cellular processes. Covalent attachment of SUMO requires an enzymatic cascade consisting of a single E1-activating enzyme (Aos1 and Uba2 heterodimer), a single E2-conjugating enzyme (Ubc9), and one of several E3 ligases that facilitate transfer of SUMO from Ubc9 to the substrate. In the present study, the Aos1 and Uba2 homologues (EcAos1 and EcUba2) from the orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides) were cloned and their possible roles in fish immunity were analyzed...
July 21, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Bin Yin, Hongyu Liu, Beiping Tan, Xiaohui Dong, Shuyan Chi, Qihui Yang, Shuang Zhang, Liqiao Chen
Cottonseed protein concentrate (CPC) has similar amino acid composition compared with fish meal, and has the characteristics of low gossypol and low toxicity. The present study was conducted to investigate the growth performance, antioxidant capacity and different intestinal segments immune responses of hybrid grouper to replacement dietary fish meal ofCPC. Six iso-nitrogenous (50% crude protein) and iso-lipidic (10% crude lipid) diets were formulated: a reference diet (FM) containing 60% fishmeal and five experimental diets (12%, 24%, 36%, 48 and 60%) in which fishmeal protein was substituted at different levels by CPC to feed fish (initial body weight: 11 ± 0...
July 18, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Atsunobu Murase, Ryohei Miki, Masaaki Wada, Masahide Itou, Hiroyuki Motomura, Hiroshi Senou
The Potato Grouper, Epinephelus tukula , is relatively rare worldwide. Records from the northernmost part of its range (Japan) have been few, resulting in a "Critically Endangered" listing on the Red List for Japan. The Japanese records were revised by examining literature, new specimens, photographs, and the internet, and a continuous distribution pattern from the tropical Ryukyu Islands (including adult individuals) to temperate regions affected by the Kuroshio Current were delineated; this suggests the species inhabits tropical Japan and can spread to temperate regions via the warm current...
2018: ZooKeys
Wanwan Zhang, Zelin Li, Peng Jia, Wei Liu, Meisheng Yi, Kuntong Jia
Interferon (IFN) regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) is a major regulator contributing to the host away from viral infection. Here, an IRF3 gene from sea perch (LjIRF3) was identified and its role in regulating early apoptosis signaling and IFN response was investigated during red spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) infection. The cDNA of LjIRF3 encoded a putative 465 amino acids protein, containing a DNA binding domain, an IRF association domain and a serine-rich domain. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that LjIRF3 shared the closest genetic relationship with Epinephelus coioides IRF3...
July 26, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Han-Ning Huang, Chieh-Yu Pan, Jyh-Yih Chen
Picornavirus is a highly contagious virus that usually infects cloven hoofed animals and causes foot-and-mouth disease. This disease is a major threat to livestock breeding worldwide and may lead to huge economic losses. Because effective vaccines or antiviral drugs remain unavailable, the search for new agents to combat FMDV infections is ongoing. Antimicrobial peptides are known to possess a broad range of biological activities, including antibacterial, antiviral, antitumor and immunomodulatory effects. In this work, we used a cell culture FMDV replication assay to evaluate several antimicrobial peptides for their ability to act as antiviral agents...
August 2018: Peptides
Yulong Han, Cheng Peng, Le Wang, Jiani Guo, Mingwei Lu, Jiaxin Chen, Yun Liu, Shuisheng Li, Mi Zhao, Yong Zhang, Haoran Lin
A variety of mechanisms are involved in sex determination in vertebrates. The orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides), a teleost fish, functions first as females and later as a male and is an ideal model to investigate the regulation of sexual fate. Here, we report female-to-male sex reversal in juvenile orange-spotted groupers caused by over-expressing anti-Müllerian hormone (Amh). Tissue distribution analyses showed that amh and amhrII primarily expressed in the gonad, and expression level in the testis was much higher than that in the ovary...
July 13, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
Yan-Wei Li, Rui Han, Jiu-Le Wang, Man Yang, Xue-Ming Dan, An-Xing Li
Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase-3 (IRAK-3) is a unique IRAK family member, which negatively regulates the TLR-mediated immune response in mammals. However, the function of IRAK-3 remains to be elucidated in fish. In the present study, an IRAK-3 cDNA sequence (EcIRAK-3) with an ORF of 1776 bp encoding 591 amino acids was identified in the orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides). Sequence analysis indicated that EcIRAK-3 shared the conserved structure characteristics and functional sites of vertebrate IRAK-3, and has a high sequence identity and phylogenetic relationship with that of other fish species...
July 26, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Beibei Zhang, Gang Luo, Lingmin Zhao, Lixing Huang, Yingxue Qin, Yongquan Su, Qingpi Yan
Pseudomonas plecoglossicida is a threatening and important pathogen in aquaculture and causes heavy losses. Expression of L321_RS19110 was found significant up-regulated at 18 °C than at 28 °C, which was confirmed by quantitative real-time PCR. RNAi significantly reduced the content of L321_RS19110 mRNA of P. plecoglossicida, and exhibited the best efficiency of gene silencing with a reduction of 84.9%. Compared with the wild type strain, the infection of L321_RS19110-RNAi-1 strain resulted in the onset time delay, and 30% reduction in mortality of Epinephelus coioides, as well as alleviates in the symptoms of E...
July 10, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Alistidia Paul Mwijage, Daniel Abel Shilla, John Ferdinand Machiwa
Background: Estuaries are primary habitats that serve as feeding and nursery grounds for most juvenile marine fish. However, estuaries have been used as fishing grounds by the artisanal fishers in Tanzania. The slow-growing predatory fish at juvenile and sub-adult stages are among the most frequently caught species that functionally enhance multiple linkages of energy pathways within the food web. Stomach contents and stable isotopes (δ13 C and δ15 N) were used to describe the nutritional sources and trophic niches between the co-existing benthic, predatory species, Carangoides chrysophrys and Epinephelus malabaricus in the Pangani estuary, Tanzania...
December 2018: Journal of Biological Research
Chen-Hung Ting, Yi-Chun Chen, Jyh-Yih Chen
Artemia are often used as a live feed for fry in aquaculture. We have previously demonstrated that supplementing adult zebrafish feed with Artemia, which express an Epinephelus coioides-derived antimicrobial peptide, Epinecidin-1 (Epi-1), protects against bacterial infection. Thus, Artemia may serve as a bioreactor for producing biofunctional molecules. However, the application of Epi-1 transgenic Artemia in larval aquaculture of commercial fish species has not been investigated. Here we used a Tol2-transposon system to generate stable Epi-1 expressing Artemia...
July 5, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
M M Palacios, M E Malerba, M I McCormick
Predicting multiple predator effects (MPEs) on shared prey remains one of the biggest challenges in ecology. Empirical evidence indicates that interactions among predators can alter predation rates and modify any expected linear effects on prey survival. Knowledge on predator density, identity and life-history traits is expected to help predict the behavioral mechanisms that lead to non-linear changes in predation. Yet, few studies have rigorously examined the effects of predator-predator interactions on prey survival, particularly with marine vertebrate predators...
June 11, 2018: Oecologia
Marta Polinas, Salvatore Mele, Francesc Padrós, Paolo Merella, Elisabetta Antuofermo, Adam Gouraguine, Olga Reñones
The dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe) is an ecologically and commercially important fish species of the Atlantic and Mediterranean coastal rocky habitats. Despite records of didymozoid infections in several grouper species, the identification and pathogenesis of these parasites in E. marginatus are lacking. The aim of this study is to characterize the didymozoids of E. marginatus, particularly their mechanisms of infection and histopathological features. Dusky groupers (n = 205) were caught off Majorca Island (western Mediterranean Sea) and examined for parasites...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Fish Diseases
Yu-Yuan Chen, Ann-Chang Cheng, Shao-An Cheng, Jiann-Chu Chen
Orange-spotted grouper Epinephelus coioides reared at 34‰ and 27 °C were abruptly transferred to 6‰, 20‰ and 34‰ (control) and examined for innate cellular and humoral parameters after 3-96 h. Total leucocyte count (TLC), respiratory burst (RB), phagocytic activity (PA), alternative complement pathway (ACP) and lysozyme activity were significantly decreased 3-6 h, 3-6 h, 3-96 h, 3-96 h and 3-96 h, respectively after transferal into 6‰ salinity. TLC, RB and PA significantly increased after 3-48 h, 3-96 h and 3-24 h, respectively, with recovery of TLC and PA after 96 h and 48-96 h, whereas ACP and lysozyme activity significantly decreased 3-96 h after being transferred to 20‰...
September 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Cheng Peng, Ling Xiao, Huimin Chen, Yulong Han, Minwei Huang, Mi Zhao, Shuisheng Li, Yun Liu, Yuqing Yang, Haifa Zhang, Yong Zhang, Haoran Lin
Luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) plays a critical role in reproduction by mediating LH signaling in the gonad. In this study, we cloned a novel lhr gene from the orange-spotted grouper, named glhr2. The cloned complete open reading frame sequence of glhr2 was 2082 bp in length, encoding a protein of 693 amino acids, sharing approximately 50% amino acid identity with glhr1. glhr1 and glhr2 were primarily expressed in gonad, brain and hypothalamus with low expression in other tissues such as gill, spleen, etc...
June 18, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Fadiyah M Baalkhuyur, El-Jawaher A Bin Dohaish, Manal E A Elhalwagy, Nabeel M Alikunhi, Abdulaziz M AlSuwailem, Anders Røstad, Darren J Coker, Michael L Berumen, Carlos M Duarte
This study assesses the presence of microplastic litter in the contents of the gastrointestinal tract of 26 commercial and non-commercial fish species from four difference habitats sampled along the Saudi Arabian coast of the Red Sea. A total of 178 individual were examined for microplastics. In total, 26 microplastic fragments were found. Of these, 16 being films (61.5%) and 10 being fishing thread (38.5%). FTIR analysis revealed that the most abundant polymers were polypropylene and polyethylene. The grouper (Epinephelus spp...
June 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Hai Trong Nguyen, Thuy Thi Thu Nguyen, Yan-Chun Chen, Hung Vu-Khac, Pei-Chi Wang, Shih-Chu Chen
Vibriosis is a severe infection occurring in many commercially important marine fish species. In this study, vaccines containing Vibrio harveyi recombinant outer membrane protein K (rOmpK), outer membrane protein U (rOmpU) and rOmpK-OmpU fusion protein in addition to the metabolizable MontanideTM ISA 763 A VG adjuvant were developed and evaluated in the orange-spotted grouper. The results indicate that recombinant V. harveyi protein-based vaccines resulted in a remarkably higher expression of IL-1β and IL-8 at 24 hr, and greater antibody production, as early as 2 weeks postimmunization...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Fish Diseases
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