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Shina Wei, Shaowen Wang, Min Yang, Youhua Huang, Jingguang Wei, Xiaohong Huang, Qiwei Qin
The lysosomal cysteine protease cathepsin C plays a pivotal role in regulation of inflammatory and immune responses. However, the function of fish cathepsin C in virus replication remains largely unknown. In this study, cathepsin C gene (Ec-CC) was cloned and characterized from orange-spotted grouper, Epinephelus coioides. The full-length Ec-CC cDNA was composed of 2077 bp. It contained an open reading frame (ORF) of 1374 bp and encoded a 458-amino acid protein which shared 89% identity to cathepsin C from bicolor damselfish (Stegastes partitus)...
October 8, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Mohamed Afifi, Ali Alkaladi, Osama A Abu Zinada, Michel Couderchet
The mRNA expression profile of some antioxidant genes in skin, gills, livers, and muscles of Siganus canaliculatus and Epinephelus morio was used as an indicator of petroleum hydrocarbons pollution in six areas at Jeddah and Yanbu coasts in KSA. Total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs) were determined in both sea water and sediments collected from the studied areas. The mRNA expression levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) were determined...
November 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Scott C Cutmore, Matthew J Nolan, Thomas H Cribb
Eight species of the trematode family Bucephalidae Poche, 1907 are reported from teleost fishes in Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Heterobucephalopsis yongi n. sp. is described from Gymnothorax eurostus (Muraenidae); the new form is distinguished from its congeners in the possession of a tiny cirrus-sac relative to body length, the length of the caecum, the position of the mouth and pharynx, and the position of the testes and ovary. Two known species of Dollfustrema Eckmann, 1934, D. durum Nolan, Curran, Miller, Cutmore, Cantacessi & Cribb, 2015 and D...
October 3, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Wei-Jia Lu, Li Zhou, Fan-Xiang Gao, Zhi-Hui Sun, Zhi Li, Xiao-Chun Liu, Shui-Sheng Li, Yang Wang, Jian-Fang Gui
Chemokine receptor Cxcr4 evolved two paralogs in the teleost lineage. However, cxcr4a and cxcr4b have been characterized only in a few species. In this study, we identified two cxcr4 paralogs from the orange-spotted grouper, Epinephelus coioides . The phylogenetic relationship and gene structure and synteny suggest that the duplicated cxcr4a/b should result from the teleost-specific genome duplication (Ts3R). The teleost cxcr4 gene clusters in two paralogous chromosomes exhibit a complementary gene loss/retention pattern...
September 27, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Sheng-Wei Luo, Huan Kang, Ren-Chong Xie, Wei Wei, Qing-Jian Liang, Yuan Liu, Wei-Na Wang
Complement 1 inhibitor (C1INH) serving as a multifunctional factor can participate in the regulation of complement cascades and attenuate the activation of various proteases. In this study, we obtained EcC1INH cDNA and the tissue-specific analysis indicate that the highest expression level of EcC1INH mRNA was detected in liver. Moreover, Vibrio alginolyticus challenge can significantly increase EcC1INH mRNA expression in liver and kidney. N-terminal domain of EcC1INH could decrease LPS binding activity to cell surface, while loss of positively charged residues (PCRs) Arg21, His22, Lys50, Arg61 in N-terminal domain of EcC1INH can significantly reduce its interaction with LPS...
September 24, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
D Alvarez-Berastegui, J Coll, L Rueda, B Stobart, G Morey, O Navarro, A Aparicio-González, A M Grau, O Reñones
Describing the spatial patterns of benthic coastal habitats and investigating how those patterns affect the ecology of inhabiting species is a main objective of seascape ecology. Within this emerging discipline spatial scale is a principal topic. Different spatial scales inform on different characteristics of the habitat and therefore the relation between species and their habitats would be better defined when observed at multiple levels of spatial scale. Here we apply a multiscale seascape approach to investigate the habitat preferences of juvenile and adult individuals of dusky grouper (Epinephelus marginatus) in a Mediterranean marine protected area...
September 5, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Ya-Zhou Hu, Xia Li, Rui Han, Biao Jiang, Yan-Wei Li, Xue-Ming Dan, An-Xing Li
Transforming growth factor-β activated kinase 1 (TAK1) is a crucial signal transducer in multiple signaling pathways. TAK1 binds TAB1, TAB2, and TAB3, which act as activators and adaptors that specifically regulate the activation of TAK1. To date, the role of TABs is largely unknown in fish. In the present study, a TAB1 cDNA sequence was identified in grouper (Epinephelus coioides), and designated EcTAB1. The full-length open reading frame of EcTAB1 is 1, 521 bp; it encodes 506 amino acids that contains an N-terminal PP2C domain...
September 21, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Qi Zheng, Huasong Ji, Shina Wei, Jufen Tang, Yishan Lu, Jia Cai, Jichang Jian, Qiwei Qin
Bcl-2 family proteins play essential roles in modulating immune response and controlling cells' fate. Bcl-xL is one of anti-apoptotic protein in this family. In this study, a new Bcl-xL homolog (EcBcl-xL) was identified and characterized from orange-spotted grouper, Epinephelus coioides. EcBcl-xL encoded a 221 amino acid peptides that shared 86% identity to Larimichthys crocea Bcl-xL protein, contained four conserved BH domains and one transmembrane region. The predicted three-dimensional structure of EcBcl-xL was similar with Homo sapiens Bcl-xL...
December 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Qing Wang, Minwei Huang, Cheng Peng, Xiang Wang, Ling Xiao, Dengdong Wang, Jiaxing Chen, Huihong Zhao, Haifa Zhang, Shuisheng Li, Huirong Yang, Yun Liu, Haoran Lin, Yong Zhang
In this study, we systematically investigated the process of sex reversal induced by 17-methyltestosterone (MT) feeding and MT-feeding withdrawal at the ovary differentiation stage in orange-spotted groupers, Epinephelus coioides . Gonadal histology showed that MT feeding induced a precocious sex reversal from immature ovaries to testes, bypassing the formation of an ovarian cavity, and MT-feeding withdrawal led to an ovarian fate. In both the MT feeding and MT-feeding withdrawal phases, cytochrome P450 family 11 subfamily B ( cyp11b ) gene expression and serum 11-KT levels were not significantly changed, suggesting that the MT-treated fish did not generate endogenous steroids, even though active spermatogenesis occurred...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
K Anderson, R Knuckey, M Cánepa, A Elizur
The giant grouper Epinephelus lanceolatus is an ecologically vulnerable species with high market demand. However, efforts to improve larval husbandry are hindered by a lack of knowledge surrounding larval developmental physiology. To address this shortfall, a transcriptomic approach was applied to larvae between 1 and 14 days post hatch (dph) to characterise the molecular ontogenesis of genes that influence appetite and digestion. Appetite regulating factors were detected from 1 dph, including neuropeptide Y, nesfatin-1, cocaine and amphetamine regulated transcript, cholecystokinin and pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide and the expression level of several genes changed sharply with the onset of exogenous feeding...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
Sue-Min Huang, Shu-Ting Kuo, Hung-Chih Kuo, Shao-Kuang Chang
A new cell line (GS-1) was developed from the spleen tissue of the orange-spotted grouper, Epinephelus coioides applied for viral infection studies of fish ranavirus and megalocytivirus. The cells proficiently multiplied in Leibovitz's L-15 medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum at temperatures between 20°C and 32°C. Morphologically, the cell line comprised fibroblast-like cells, and this was confirmed by immunostaining with vimentin, fibronectin, and desmin antibodies. The optimal temperature for GIV and ISKNV proliferation in GS-1 cells was 25°C, and the highest titer of grouper iridovirus (GIV) was 108...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Min Yang, Qing Wang, Shaowen Wang, Yuxing Wang, Qinglu Zeng, Qiwei Qin
In this study, the transcriptional response of grouper to Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV) stimulation was characterized using RNA sequencing. Transcriptome sequencing of three test groups in the grouper was performed using the Illumina MiSeq platform. The three test groups were a control group, which was injected with PBS buffer; a high-susceptible (HS) group, which died shortly after the SGIV injection; and a high-resistance (HR) group, which survived the SGIV injection. In total, 38,253 unigenes were generated...
September 6, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Qing Wang, Shaowen Wang, Yong Zhang, Yepin Yu, Huihong Zhao, Huirong Yang, Leyun Zheng, Min Yang, Qiwei Qin
Chemokines comprise a group of small molecular weight (6-14 kDa) cytokines; chemokine receptors are a superfamily of seven transmembrane domain G-coupled receptors. Both chemokines and their receptors have important roles in immune surveillance, inflammation, and development. Recently, 9 CXC chemokine ligands (CXCLs) and 8 CXC chemokine receptors (CXCRs) were identified and cloned from orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides) and annotated by phylogenetic and syntenic analyses. We detected mRNA transcripts for CXCLs and CXCRs in healthy tissues of E...
August 27, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Cuiyun Zou, Xiaohong Tan, Huaqun Ye, Zhenzhu Sun, Shu Chen, Qingying Liu, Minglei Xu, Chaoxia Ye, Anli Wang
The present study is aiming at evaluating the hepatoprotective of Radix Bupleuri extracts (RBE) on the d-galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide (D-GalN/LPS) induced liver injury of hybrid grouper in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, RBE (0, 200, 400 and 800 μg/ml) was added to the hybrid grouper primary hepatocytes before (pretreatment) the incubation of the hepatocytes with D-GalN (20 mM) plus LPS (1 μg/ml) in the culture medium. RBE at concentrations of 200, 400 and 800 μg/ml significantly improved cell viability and inhibited the elevation of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 and significantly down-regulated the caspase-3, caspase-9 and P53 mRNA levels...
August 23, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Xiaowu Chen, Yudong He, Zhipeng Wang, Jun Li
Cytochrome P450 aromatase (P450arom), which is encoded by cyp19a1a, can convert androgen to estrogen. Therefore, P450arom is important in gonadal differentiation and maintenance. In this study, we analyzed the expression and DNA methylation of cyp19a from Chinese sea perch Lateolabrax maculatus (sp. cyp19a1a). The sp. cyp19a1a gene consists of 9 exons, but only 3.5 kb, being smaller than the human cyp19a1a, as a result of small introns. The sp. cyp19a1a protein contains 518 amino acid residues and evolutionarily conserved domains and is clustered in the teleost subfamily on the phylogenetic tree...
December 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Yujia Sun, Gang Luo, Lingmin Zhao, Lixing Huang, Yingxue Qin, Yongquan Su, Qingpi Yan
Pseudomonas plecoglossicida is an important pathogen for aquaculture and causes high mortality in various marine fishes. Expression of sigX was found significantly up-regulated at 18°C than at 28°C, which was verified by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). RNAi significantly reduced the content of sigX mRNA of P. plecoglossicida , whether in in vitro or in the spleen at all sampling time points. Compared with the wild-type strain, the infection of sigX -RNAi strain resulted in the onset time delay, and 20% reduction in mortality of Epinephelus coioides , as well as alleviates in the symptoms of E...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Ze-Quan Mo, Jiu-Le Wang, Rui Han, Qing Han, Yan-Wei Li, Hong-Yan Sun, Xiao-Chun Luo, Xue-Ming Dan
B-cell linker protein (BLNK) is an adaptor protein that plays a crucial role in the B cell antigen receptor (BCR) signal pathway. To investigate the function of BLNK in teleost fish, we cloned a BLNK ortholog gene from the orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides). Homology analysis showed that the grouper BLNK (EcBLNK) had a 34%-77% amino acid identity in comparison to other vertebrates and shared the highest amino acid identity with BLNK from the Asian seabass Lates calcarifer. EcBLNK comprises an N-terminal SAM domain and a C-terminal B-cell linker SH2 domain...
October 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
A Richu, N Dahanukar, A Ali, K Ranjeet, R Raghavan
A demographic study on Epinephelus bleekeri based on a sample of 1003 individuals caught in commercial fisheries along the Arabian Sea coast of southern India considerably extends the maximum recorded standard length for this species to 870mm, indicates a high natural mortality rate and an exploitation level (E) greater than the Emax . This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
July 26, 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
Jingguang Wei, Chen Li, Xin Zhang, Sheng Zhou, Shaoqing Zang, Shina Wei, Qiwei Qin
Small ubiquitin-related modifiers (SUMOs) are post-translationally conjugated to other proteins and are essential regulators of a wide range of cellular processes. Covalent attachment of SUMO requires an enzymatic cascade consisting of a single E1-activating enzyme (Aos1 and Uba2 heterodimer), a single E2-conjugating enzyme (Ubc9), and one of several E3 ligases that facilitate transfer of SUMO from Ubc9 to the substrate. In the present study, the Aos1 and Uba2 homologues (EcAos1 and EcUba2) from the orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides) were cloned and their possible roles in fish immunity were analyzed...
October 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Bin Yin, Hongyu Liu, Beiping Tan, Xiaohui Dong, Shuyan Chi, Qihui Yang, Shuang Zhang, Liqiao Chen
Cottonseed protein concentrate (CPC) has similar amino acid composition compared with fish meal, and has the characteristics of low gossypol and low toxicity. The present study was conducted to investigate the growth performance, antioxidant capacity and different intestinal segments immune responses of hybrid grouper to replacement dietary fish meal ofCPC. Six iso-nitrogenous (50% crude protein) and iso-lipidic (10% crude lipid) diets were formulated: a reference diet (FM) containing 60% fishmeal and five experimental diets (12%, 24%, 36%, 48 and 60%) in which fishmeal protein was substituted at different levels by CPC to feed fish (initial body weight: 11 ± 0...
October 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
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