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Simona Grigorescu, Ana-Maria Cazan, Ovidiu Dan Grigorescu, Liliana Marcela Rogozea
Background: The burnout syndrome is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and lack of personal accomplishment. It was identified in some professional categories, the most often being affected those in public health services. Objectives: This study mainly aims to identify and analyze the value of the personality traits and work characteristics as predictive factors for the occurrence of the burnout syndrome in nurses, under the new approach of predictive, preventive, and personalized medicine...
December 2018: EPMA Journal
Hongying Fan, Chu Wang, Xu Shao, Yanli Jia, Anton Aluja, Wei Wang
Five-factor model of personality trait measures displays predictable associations with personality disorder features in both general and clinical populations. Facet-level measures such as the Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire offer more detailed associations in these aspects. Recently, a short form of this questionnaire (ZKA-PQ/SF), with five traits and four facets under each trait, has been developed for further application of personality measures in a reasonable short time. We hypothesized that ZKA-PQ/SF displays predictable associations with personality disorder functioning styles in both general and clinical populations...
December 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Maria Łukasik, Monika Talarowska, Piotr Szynkiewicz, Iwona Dominiak, Ewa Gromniak-Haniecka, Józefina Rawska, Piotr Gałecki
Among professions of social services the highest level of stress is connected with health care and saving lives. This work demands making decisions, rapid changes, coordination of unforeseen requirements, moreover abounds in critical situations. One of the important factors affecting an ability of managing stressful situations are personality traits. AIM: The aim of this study was to verify hypothesis if there is a connection between personality traits (extraversion, neuroticism, psychoticism) and level of perceived stress among health care workers...
November 28, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Juliette McClendon, Joshua J Jackson, Ryan Bogdan, Thomas F Oltmanns
OBJECTIVE: We examined race/gender effects on initial levels and trajectories of self-reported physical and mental health, as well as the moderating role of personality. We hypothesized that health disparities would remain stable or decrease over time, and that at-risk personality traits (e.g., neuroticism) would have a more robust negative impact on health for Black participants. METHOD: Analyses utilized 6 waves of data from a community sample of 1,577 Black and White adults (mean age 60 years), assessed every 6 months for 2...
December 10, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Frank M Schmidt, Christian Sander, Juliane Minkwitz, Roland Mergl, Bethan Dalton, Lesca M Holdt, Daniel Teupser, Ulrich Hegerl, Hubertus Himmerich
Background: The personality trait neuroticism has been implicated in a poor response to stress, may relate to increased concentrations of cytokines and the development of depression. Inflammatory mechanisms may also be associated with the onset, severity and symptoms of depression. Both are related to poor antidepressant treatment outcome. Therefore, mediators of inflammation may bridge the relationship between neuroticism and depression. Methods: To disentangle these interrelationships, the associations between neuroticism (according to NEO-PIR-N), depressive symptoms (BDI-II scores) and serum levels of hsCRP, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, IL-12, IL-13, GM-CSF were investigated in a group of 212 participants, consisting of 37 depressed and 175 non-depressed subjects...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Lance M Rappaport, Dever M Carney, Brad Verhulst, Michael C Neale, James Blair, Melissa A Brotman, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft, John M Hettema, Roxann Roberson-Nay
OBJECTIVE: Youth with psychiatric disorders distinguished by irritability, including depression and associated trait neuroticism, show deficits in the ability to recognize facial expressions of emotion, particularly happiness. However, the contribution of genetic and environmental factors to this ability remains unknown. The present study examined this trait in twins to assess the genetic and environmental influences on face-emotion recognition abilities and their association with irritability, neuroticism, and depression...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Javier Revuelta, Lucia Halty, Carmen Ximénez
This article describes the development of the ENCUIST (Extroversion, Neuroticism, Callous-Unemotional, Instability, Short-Test) questionnaire, which has been created to provide a personality profiling method based on a cognitive diagnostic modeling framework. The ENCUIST measures the attributes of extroversion, neuroticism, callous unemotionality and overt expressions of anger that are relevant in a forensic context. The scores provided by the ENCUIST are binary classifications of the individuals (high/low) in these attributes...
December 3, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Ruud A Jongedijk, Niels van der Aa, Joris F G Haagen, Paul A Boelen, Rolf J Kleber
Individuals diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) show remarkably different symptom presentations. Identification of diagnostic profiles of PTSD may contribute to knowledge about treatment modifications to enhance treatment effectiveness. The present study aimed to identify symptom severity classes among 236 Dutch veterans based on a broad range of psychopathology outcomes, including PTSD, using Latent Profile Analysis (LPA). Moreover, multinomial logistic regression was used to test whether class membership could be predicted by the number and characteristics of traumatic event types, coping and personality dimensions...
November 17, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
P Theerthaana, A K Sheik Manzoor
Despite people emphasizing their luck of having healthy baby, many secretly mourn for not having a baby which they preferred leading to gender disappointment. Hence, it is critical to explore factors contributing to gender disappointment particularly girl child which is pervasive in Asian countries. The study analyzes the variation in gender disappointment among different genders and age groups using percentage analysis and also employs structural equation modeling (SEM) to determine the direct factors and moderators contributing to gender disappointment...
November 28, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Jan Schürmann, Jürgen Margraf
Background/Objective : Based on studies using established psychometric scales, Twenge and coworkers have shown substantial increases in trait anxiety, depressive symptoms and neuroticism in North American population samples since the 1950s. Similar analyses for European samples have not yet been conducted. Our study therefore examined whether similar secular trends exist in German-speaking and British non-clinical samples together with possible connected societal factors. Method : A literature search identified 131 studies ( N = 63,269) using the STAI, BDI or EPI in non-clinical samples between 1964 and 2015...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology: IJCHP
La Toya J Jamieson, Greg S Baxter, Peter J Murray
Wildlife detection dog teams are employed internationally for environmental surveys, and their success often depends on the dog handler. Minimal research is available on the skills that dog handlers believe are important, and no research has been published on the personality profiles of wildlife detection dog handlers. This may reveal the skills that people should acquire to be successful at, or suitable for, this work. An online questionnaire was distributed to Australian and New Zealand wildlife detection dog handlers...
November 27, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Mandi M Larsen, Damir Esenaliev, Tilman Brück, Klaus Boehnke
As the discourse around societal cohesion grows and policy makers increasingly turn their attention towards improving cohesion, understanding its role for the lives of individuals becomes ever more important. Our study examines whether the social cohesion of the immediate living context is related to the strength of Big Five personality traits among individuals. Using data from a community survey of 6252 adults living in 30 rural sub-districts in the Kyrgyz Republic, where social cohesion is a sizable policy concern, we conduct a multilevel analysis of the relationship between sub-district cohesion and individual personality...
November 28, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Josep Deví Bastida, Laia Jodas Clemente, Susanna Jofre Font, Enric Arroyo Cardona
The aetiology of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) is defined by a diversity of factors, and recent studies suggest that premorbid personality could be a risk factor for BPSD. This study aimed to review studies on the relationship between premorbid personality and BPSD. Studies were identified using PsycInfo, MedLine, and PubMed. The searches combined terms for premorbid personality, dementia and BPSD. Ten studies have been included in this review. Eight out of ten studies show a relationship between premorbid personality and BPSD...
November 24, 2018: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
Martine Bouvard, Anne Denis, Jean Luc Roulin
The purpose was to assess the psychometric properties of the French version of the Young Schema Questionnaire - Short Form 3 (YSQ-S3). The main non-clinical sample (N = 605, M = 20.63, 78% women) was divided into two subsamples: One was used for exploratory factor analyses (EFA) and the other was used for confirmatory analyses. Next, internal consistency, convergent validity and criterion-related validity were studied. The EFA to each of the five domains was similar to the theoretical structure postulated by Young...
November 27, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Gabriela Věchetová, Matěj Slovák, David Kemlink, Zuzana Hanzlíková, Pavel Dušek, Tomáš Nikolai, Evžen Růžička, Mark J Edwards, Tereza Serranová
OBJECTIVE: Pain, fatigue, cognitive complaints and psychiatric comorbidities are common in patients with functional movement disorder and may significantly affect their quality of life. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of motor and non-motor symptoms on health-related quality of life in patients with functional movement disorder. METHODS: Sixty-one patients with clinically established functional movement disorder and 61 matched healthy controls completed standardized questionnaires for depression, anxiety, cognitive complaints, fatigue, pain, sleepiness, apathy and health-related quality of life...
December 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Johanna Klinger-König, Johannes Hertel, Jan Terock, Henry Völzke, Sandra Van der Auwera, Hans J Grabe
OBJECTIVE: Alexithymia, neuroticism, and extraversion have been described as relevant predictors of mental and physical health conditions, but their putative interactive effects remain poorly understood and their prospective effects are not well studied. The present study has investigated the differential contributions of distinct personality traits in predicting mental and somatic health symptoms in cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. METHODS: Additive and interactive effects of neuroticism and extraversion (NEO-FFI), the TAS-20 total score (20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale) and its factors (Difficulty Identifying Feelings (DIF), Difficulty Describing Feelings (DDF) and External Oriented Thinking (EOT)) have been investigated on depressive symptoms, the number of chronic diseases, somatic and mental subjective health complaints...
December 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Gaia Olivo, Shaili Gour, Helgi B Schiöth
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research has linked personality traits to cognitive performance. This relationship might play a role in the predisposition toward obesity. Neuroticism and executive function seem to be particularly involved, and reduced executive function has been proposed to underlie the association of neuroticism with sedentary behaviors and fatty food consumption. Despite the link between neuroticism, cognitive functions and obesity has been largely reported, conflicting evidence exists...
November 12, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
S W McDonald, S Madigan, N Racine, K Benzies, L Tomfohr, S Tough
Links between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and threats to health and well-being later in life are well established. The current study extends those findings into younger populations of pregnant women and their children; investigating how ACEs relates to maternal postpartum well-being, coping, and parenting, as well as child outcomes. Participants included 1994 mothers and children from the All Our Families community-based cohort in Alberta, Canada, followed from pregnancy (from 2008 to 2011) until child age 3 years...
November 22, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Molly Moroz, David M Dunkley
This three-wave longitudinal study examined the relations among perfectionism, experiential avoidance, and depressive and anxious symptoms over two years. Community adults (N = 173) completed self-report questionnaires assessing two higher-order perfectionism dimensions (self-critical [SC], personal standards [PS]), neuroticism, experiential avoidance, and depressive and anxious symptoms at Time 1, Time 2 one year later, and Time 3 two years later. Cross-lagged path analyses demonstrated that SC perfectionism predicted increases in experiential avoidance from Time 1 to Time 2 and again from Time 2 to Time 3...
November 13, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
Valentine Ucheagwu, Paul Okoli, Rita Ugokwe-Ossai
Online football (soccer) gambling is among the relatively new sports betting games in Nigeria that use internet connections. Like other gambling games, some psychological profiles either propel or sustain the behavior. We tested some neuropsychological profiles and personality traits that distinguish the regular online football gamblers from non-gamblers. Using a between group design, we tested 140 (60: online football gamblers; 80: non-gamblers) university undergraduate students between the ages of 18-26 years on specific neuropsychological domains (i...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
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