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Sleep Pregnant

Sanika Chirwa, Chioma R Nwabuisi, Gwinnett M Ladson, Linda Korley, Janice E Whitty, Robin Atkinson, John T Clark
We hypothesized that poor sleep quality exacerbates glucose intolerance manifested as elevated glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), which increases the risk for gestational diabetes. To test this, 38 pregnant and 22 non-pregnant (age, 18⁻35 years; body-mass index, 20⁻35 kg/m²) otherwise healthy women were enrolled in the study. Sleep quality was assessed during gestational week 24 (pregnant), or outside of the menstrual period (non-pregnant), using qualitative (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) and objective (actigraphic wrist-watch) measures...
October 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ahmed Dahiru Balami, Salmiah Md Said, Nor Afiah Mohd Zulkefli, Bachok Norsa'adah, Bala Audu
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of malaria among pregnant women and its associated complications, the level of compliance with insecticide-treated nets (ITN) remains very low. Motivation and self-efficacy have been reported as important determinants of health behaviour, and may be important factors to consider in developing health intervention programmes. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge, motivation and self-efficacy of ITN use, and their association with its practice, among pregnant women in a secondary health centre in Maiduguri...
October 12, 2018: Malaria Journal
Darren John Beales, Odette Gaynor, Jasmine Harris, Robyn Fary, Peter Bruce O'Sullivan, Helen Slater, Thomas Graven-Nielsen, Thorvaldur Skuli Palsson
Background and aims For some women, lumbopelvic pain (LPP) developed during pregnancy becomes a continuing post-partum problem. Increased understanding of potential prognostic factors is required. This study investigated whether active straight leg raise (ASLR), sleep dysfunction and pressure pain sensitivity during pregnancy are correlated with LPP intensity and quality, disability, and physical health-related quality of life (HRQoL) post-partum. Methods An exploratory, prospective cohort study design was used...
October 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
M Lahti-Pulkkinen, T H Mina, R L Riha, K Räikkönen, A K Pesonen, A J Drake, F C Denison, R M Reynolds
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sleep problems among pregnant women is over 50%, and daytime sleepiness is among the most common sleep problems. Previous studies have associated antenatal sleep problems with adverse maternal health and neonatal outcomes, but the consequences of antenatal sleep problems and particularly daytime sleepiness on child psychological development have not been assessed prospectively. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study including 111 mother-child dyads, we examined the associations of maternal daytime sleepiness during pregnancy, assessed at 17 and 28 weeks of gestation using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, with child neuropsychiatric problems and neuropsychological development, assessed with mother-rated questionnaires and individually administered neuropsychological tests, at child age 2...
October 8, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Ya-Hui Xu, Le Shi, Yan-Ping Bao, Si-Jing Chen, Jie Shi, Rui-Ling Zhang, Lin Lu
OBJECTIVE: Sleep is critical for glucose metabolism. Pregnant women often have sleep disturbances and extreme sleep duration. Investigations of the relationship between sleep duration during pregnancy and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have reported inconsistent results. The present study aimed to meta-analyze the relationship between sleep duration during pregnancy and GDM risk. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of the PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and PsycINFO databases for studies that were published up to October 2017, that reported associations between sleep duration during pregnancy and GDM risk...
August 22, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Rhonda J Boorman, Debra K Creedy, Jennifer Fenwick, Olav Muurlink
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review explores changes in perinatal empathy and influence on maternal behaviours and child development. BACKGROUND: The well-being and development of infants are commonly linked to their mothers' capacity for empathy. However, characteristic changes during pregnancy and childbirth including sleep deprivation, mood and cognitive difficulties may disrupt empathic processing. METHODS: Original research papers (n = 7413) published in English language peer-reviewed academic journals were obtained by searching four electronic databases PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus and CINAHL...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Galit Levi Dunietz, Kerby Shedden, Enrique F Schisterman, Lynda D Lisabeth, Marjorie C Treadwell, Louise M O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, little is known about the association of SDB with timing of delivery. We examined the association of snoring frequency, a key SDB marker, and snoring intensity, a correlate of SDB severity, with time-to-delivery among a cohort of pregnant women. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 1483 third trimester pregnant women were recruited from the University of Michigan prenatal clinics...
September 28, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
Lina Liu, Guang Su, Shuling Wang, Bingqian Zhu
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common during pregnancy. Nevertheless, prevalence estimates of OSA have varied widely due to variabilities in the assessment methods. This meta-analysis aimed to examine the prevalence of objectively assessed OSA and its association with pregnancy-related health outcomes in pregnant women. METHODS: This review was developed following the PRISMA guideline. A systematic search was conducted in major electronic databases to identify studies conducted from inception to January 2018...
September 25, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Marquis Hawkins, Bess Marcus, Penelope Pekow, Milagros C Rosal, Katherine L Tucker, Rebecca M C Spencer, Lisa Chasan-Taber
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Poor sleep during pregnancy is common and is associated with pregnancy complications. Physical activity (PA) is associated with better sleep in nonpregnant populations. However, studies among pregnant women are sparse, conflicting, and none have been conducted among Hispanic women, who face a disproportionate burden of poor sleep and pregnancy complications. Therefore, our objective was to examine the relationship between intensity- and domain-specific PA, respectively, on sleep quality and duration among Hispanic pregnant women...
September 25, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
AboTaleb Saremi, Mohammad-Ali Shafiee, Mahdi Montazeri, Negin Rashidi, Mohammad Montazeri
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a global burden with 10 million incidence annually and 210 daily deaths worldwide. Diagnosis is mainly based on the features following full presentation. OBJECTIVE: This study explored whether early pregnancy circadian changes of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) could predict preeclampsia and hypertension. METHODS: In a prospective study, 294 pregnant women who were referred to Sarem Women's Hospital, Iran were recruited...
September 24, 2018: Current Hypertension Reviews
Avik Chatterjee, Jennifer W Thompson, Katherine Svensson, Marcela Tamayo Y Ortiz, Robert Wright, Rosalind Wright, Martha Tellez-Rojo, Andrea Baccarelli, Alejandra Cantoral, Lourdes Schnaas, Emily Oken
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Maternal antenatal stress may influence offspring development and behavior, but any association with child sleep is unknown. METHODS: From 2007 to 2011, we recruited pregnant women in Mexico City to the Programming Research in Obesity, Growth, Environment, and Social Stressors prebirth cohort. Mothers completed the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS, a 4-item questionnaire assessing past-month stress) and the Crisis in Family Systems measure assessing negative life events (NLEs; how many domains among the 11 assessed in which the mother experienced a stressful event in the prior 6 months)-with higher scores reflecting higher stress-and provided 5 timed salivary samples per day on 2 consecutive days, from which we derived cortisol area under the curve, slope, and awakening response...
October 2018: Sleep Health
Bilgay Izci Balserak, Bingqian Zhu, Michael A Grandner, Nicholas Jackson, Grace W Pien
PURPOSE: The Sleep Apnea Symptom Score (SASS) has been commonly used to assess obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the SASS and the predictive value of SASS incorporating bedpartner-reported information in identifying OSA in pregnant women. METHODS: A cohort of healthy pregnant women completed the SASS and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Participants underwent overnight laboratory polysomnography (PSG) monitoring...
September 19, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Alexander J Garner, Annette Robertson, Charlene Thornton, Gaksoo Lee, Angela Makris, Sally Middleton, Colin Sullivan, Annemarie Hennessy
Objective: To compare perinatal outcomes, blood pressures throughout pregnancy, rates of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, and immediate obstetric outcomes in adolescents younger than 20 years at delivery and those in the 20- to 34-year age group. Patients and Methods: Questionnaires were administered to pregnant women at Campbelltown and Liverpool hospitals within South West Sydney, Australia, as part of a broader study of sleep-disordered breathing in pregnancy between February 1, 2009, and February 28, 2013...
March 2018: Mayo Clinic proceedings. Innovations, quality & outcomes
Moshe Bronshtein, Ayala Gover, Ron Beloosesky, Hanin Dabaja, Yuval Ginsberg, Zeev Weiner, Nizar Khatib
BACKGROUND: Ptyalism gravidarum (PG) is a condition of hypersalivation that affects pregnant women early in gestation. Symptoms include massive saliva volumes (up to 2 liters per day), swollen salivary glands, sleep deprivation, significant emotional distress, and social difficulties. OBJECTIVES: To examine maternal and fetal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of patients with PG. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with PG in our clinic during the years 2001-2016 were identified and contacted...
September 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Jennifer E Dominguez, Chad A Grotegut, Mary Cooter, Andrew D Krystal, Ashraf S Habib
BACKGROUND: Obesity is prevalent among pregnant women in the United States; obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is highly comorbid with obesity and is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Screening for obstructive sleep apnea in pregnant women has remained a challenge due to a lack of validated screening tools. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate established OSA screening tools, a sleepiness scale, and their individual component items in a cohort of pregnant women with extreme obesity in mid-pregnancy using objective testing to determine OSA status, and to describe the prevalence of OSA among women with extreme obesity...
September 11, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Cristiana Araújo Gontijo, Bruna Borges Macedo Cabral, Laura Cristina Tibiletti Balieiro, Gabriela Pereira Teixeira, Walid Makin Fahmy, Yara Cristina de Paiva Maia, Cibele Aparecida Crispim
Animal studies strongly suggest that timed feeding can have beneficial physiological effects, including protection against the obesogenic and metabolic consequences of a high-fat diet. However, the relationship between variables related to the timing of eating and diet quality in pregnancy women, which is considered as a period of nutritional vulnerability, is still poorly described in the literature. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the associations between time-related eating patterns and chronotype with diet quality of pregnant women...
September 13, 2018: Chronobiology International
Carolyn R Ahlers-Schmidt, Christy Schunn, Matthew Engel, Jolynn Dowling, Kim Neufeld, Stephanie Kuhlmann
Infant mortality remains a problem in the United States with sleep-related deaths accounting for a significant portion. Known risk reduction strategies include breastfeeding, avoiding tobacco use and following the American Academy of Pediatrics' safe sleep guidelines. The purpose of this project was to evaluate outcomes of Safe Sleep Instructor-led community baby showers, which included safe sleep promotion, breastfeeding promotion and tobacco cessation education. Certified Safe Sleep Instructors (n = 35) were trained on how to plan and host a Community Baby Shower to provide education to pregnant women of low socioeconomic status or with high risk of infant mortality...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Maryam Kianpour, Fateme Moshirenia, GolamReza Kheirabadi, GolamReza Asghari, Ali Dehghani, Arefah Dehghani-Tafti
Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is one of the most common problems in women of childbearing age. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of aromatherapy on PPD. Materials and Methods: In this study, 105 pregnant women at 35-37 weeks of pregnancy were enrolled using convenient sampling and randomly assigned to three groups. The intervention group dropped 7 drops of lavender oil and 1 cc rose water at the concentration of 100%, and the placebo group dropped 7 drops of odorless sesame seed oil, with 1 cc of musk willow sweat at the concentration of 100% by dropper on a special cloth...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Zohreh Safari Pour, Ayda Hosseinkhani, Nasrin Asadi, Hadi Raeisi Shahraki, Homeira Vafaei, Maryam Kasraeian, Khadije Bazrafshan, Azam Faraji
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: There is limited evidence about the role of herbal and traditional medicine in pregnancy-related insomnia. Extant documents on traditional Persian medicine refer to many plants which could induce sleep and which were used by pregnant women. In Iran, local herbal shops continue to provide these herbs to pregnant women to treat insomnia. One such herb is Lactuca sativa L. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of lettuce seed on pregnant women for the treatment of insomnia...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Allan J Kember, Heather M Scott, Louise M O'Brien, Ali Borazjani, Michael B Butler, Jesse H Wells, Andre Isaac, Kaishin Chu, Jerry Coleman, Debra L Morrison
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the percentage of time spent supine during sleep in the third trimester of pregnancy could be reduced using a positional therapy device (PrenaBelt) compared with a sham device. DESIGN: A double-blind, randomised, sham-controlled, cross-over pilot trial. SETTING: Conducted between March 2016 and January 2017, at a single, tertiary-level centre in Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 23 participants entered the study...
August 29, 2018: BMJ Open
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