Read by QxMD icon Read

Sporting psychology

Eva Ageberg, Sofia Bunke, Karolina Lucander, Per Nilsen, Alex Donaldson
There is a need for research to identify effective implementation strategies for injury prevention training within real-world community sports. The aim of this ecological participatory study was to identify facilitators, among stakeholders at multiple levels, that could help injury prevention training become part of regular training routines in youth team handball. Concept mapping, a mixed-method approach for qualitative data collection and quantitative data analysis, was used. Stakeholders (n=196) of two community team handball clubs (29% players, 13% coaches, 38% caregivers, 11% club, district and national handball administrators, 9% unknown) participated in a brainstorming process...
October 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Eleanor Quested, Dominika Kwasnicka, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Daniel F Gucciardi, Deborah A Kerr, Kate Hunt, Suzanne Robinson, Philip J Morgan, Robert U Newton, Cindy Gray, Sally Wyke, Joanne McVeigh, Eva Malacova, Nikos Ntoumanis
INTRODUCTION: Overweight and obesity are highly prevalent among Australian men. Professional sports settings can act as a powerful 'hook' to engage men in weight loss programmes; the Football Fans in Training programme delivered in professional UK soccer clubs was successful and cost-effective in helping men lose weight. The Australian Football League (AFL) is a potentially attractive setting to engage men in a weight loss programme. We aim to develop, pilot and evaluate the feasibility of a weight loss intervention for overweight/obese middle-aged men, delivered in AFL settings, to promote weight loss and healthier lifestyles and determine its suitability for a future randomised control trial...
October 17, 2018: BMJ Open
Akbar Shabir, Andy Hooton, Jason Tallis, Matthew F Higgins
Caffeine (CAF) is widely consumed across sport and exercise for its reputed ergogenic properties, including central nervous stimulation and enhanced muscular force development. However, expectancy and the related psychological permutations that are associated with oral CAF ingestion are generally not considered in most experimental designs and these could be important in understanding if/how CAF elicits an ergogenic effect. The present paper reviews 17 intervention studies across sport, exercise, and cognitive performance...
October 17, 2018: Nutrients
Ewa Malchrowicz-Mośko, Joanna Poczta
The main goal of this study was to recognize the motives of participation in mass running events (Poznan Half Marathon case study). The second aim was to examine the motivations to participate in a half-marathon among two groups of respondents: men and women, and to evaluate the differences between them. The empirical research among runners ( n = 560) conducted during the one of the most important running events in Poland recognized the motives for participation in the sports event in accordance with the four basic types of orientation: social orientation, experience orientation, factual orientation, and result orientation (Freyer & Gross, 2002)...
October 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Tobias Lundgren, Gustaf Reinebo, Per-Olov Löf, Markus Näslund, Per Svartvadet, Thomas Parling
There is an increased interest in mindfulness, acceptance, and values based skills training interventions in sports but there is a lack of psychometrically evaluated instruments to investigate the processes adapted to sport populations. This paper describes the development and investigation of an instrument that measure acceptance, mindfulness, and values for ice hockey players. Ice hockey players at elite and sub elite level ( n = 94) in Sweden participated in the study. The results reveal that the values, acceptance, and mindfulness (VAMS) shows acceptable internal consistency (α = 0...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Derwin K C Chan, Richard J Keegan, Alfred S Y Lee, Sophie X Yang, Lei Zhang, Ryan E Rhodes, Chris Lonsdale
The purpose of this three-study paper was to develop and validate the Perceived Social Influence in Sport Scale-2 (PSISS-2) that aimed to resolve the limitations of PSISS-1 in assessing the relative social influence of significant others in youth sport. In Study 1, a pool of 60 items generated from revisiting a qualitative dataset about significant others of young athletes were examined by two expert panel reviews in terms of content validity, clarity, coverage, and age-appropriateness, leading to the development of 16 items of the PSISS-2...
October 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Mathieu Hainselin, Alexandre Aubry, Béatrice Bourdin
Improvisational theater (improv) is supposed to have an impact on cognitive processes (divergent thinking, flexibility, language, memory, problem solving, and co-construction), academic performance, and everyday life in many ways. However, little research studied on the psychological impact of improv, with some results highlighting a divergent thinking enhancement in children and adults, but not with teenagers, one of the most important age groups to practice improv. Therefore, this study aims to assess divergent thinking for middle school students before and after an 11-weeks session compared to a control group with a sport practice...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
M Dugué, C Garncarzyk, F Dosseville
BACKGROUND: Student nurses have perceived stress higher than students taking other training courses. The objective of this work was to investigate psychological characteristics of nursing students in an attempt to understand why they are more subject to stress than others. METHODS: We carried out a self-administered questionnaire survey to compare students taking various training courses (i.e., sport sciences, psychology, medicine, and nursing). Perceived stress and health, high-risk behaviors, different psychological determinants of stress (i...
October 11, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
Kaisa Aunola, Matilda Sorkkila, Jaana Viljaranta, Asko Tolvanen, Tatiana V Ryba
INTRODUCTION: The transition from compulsory school to upper secondary school is a challenging period for adolescents. Especially challenging it can be for adolescents who aim to integrate two domains of achievement, such as an athletic career and academic education. The pressure from two intertwined achievement domains may make student-athletes vulnerable to symptoms of burnout. The study examined the role of mothers' and fathers' affection and psychological control as possible risk or protective factors in the symptoms of school and sport burnout among 15-16 year olds adolescent athletes in Finland...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
João Brito, George P Nassis, André T Seabra, Pedro Figueiredo
Objectives: To conduct a comprehensive mapping analysis to the scientific literature published in football aiming to identify the areas of bigger interest and potential for further exploration. Methods: The data were obtained by a search conducted on the Web of Science. Articles were listed based on citation frequency. We used an open-source bibliometrix R-package for the comprehensive bibliometric analyses. Results: The number of citations per article ranged from 251 to 869 (median 323; IQR 125)...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
Jonathan J Cooper, Matt Johnson, Jon Radcliffe, James Fisher
Cooper, JJ, Johnson, M, Radcliffe, J, and Fisher, J. Optimal emotional profiles for peak performance in strength and conditioning. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-This study investigated athletes' performance-related emotions and emotional profiles for optimal performance in strength and conditioning (S&C). It is suggested that the identification and control of emotions associated with successful and unsuccessful performances are essential for achieving peak psychological states and optimal performance in sports-related tasks...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Russ Best, Benjamin Barwick, Alice Best, Nicolas Berger, Claire Harrison, Matthew Wright, Julie Sparrow
Ultra-endurance running provides numerous physiological, psychological, and nutritional challenges to the athlete and supporting practitioners. We describe the changes in physiological status, psychological condition, and nutritional intake over the course of two 100-mile running races, with differing outcomes: non-completion and completion. Athlete perception of pain, freshness, and motivation differed between events, independent of rating of perceived exertion. Our data suggest that the integration of multiple sensations (freshness, motivation, hunger, pain, and thirst) produce performance...
October 4, 2018: Sports
Jiri Mudrak, Pavel Slepicka, Irena Slepickova
BACKGROUND: Although performance-enhancing drugs appear to be prevalent in adolescent sports, relatively little attention has been paid to why adolescent athletes decide to use these drugs. In this study, we examine doping among adolescents from a motivational perspective and explore how motivational variables, such as achievement goal orientations and the perceived self-determination of sports activities, may be related to moral attitudes, doping intentions and doping behavior in adolescents who participate in competitive sports...
2018: PloS One
Julio Calleja-González, Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, Jaime Sampaio, Anne Delextrat, Sergej M Ostojic, Diego Marques-Jiménez, Iñaki Arratibel, Braulio Sánchez-Ureña, Gregory Dupont, Xavi Schelling, Nicolás Terrados
Performance in team sports is the expression of complex, dynamic, interactive, and multidimensional processes. It is now well-established that optimum recovery after practice or match is a key factor of team sport performance. During season and tournaments, improving recovery could offer an advantage for following performance. As a consequence of the professionalization of different roles in staffs, new particular roles have been developed within the team sports physician core in order to improve recovery protocols...
August 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Joseph Sujka, Shawn St Peter, Claudia M Mueller
PURPOSE: The pain experience is highly variable among patients. Psychological mindsets, in which individuals view a particular characteristic as either fixed or changeable, have been demonstrated to influence people's actions and perceptions in a variety of settings including school, sports, and interpersonal. The purpose of this study was to determine if health mindsets influence the pain scores and immediate outcomes of post-operative surgical patients. METHODS: As part of a multi-institutional, prospective, randomized clinical trial involving patients undergoing a minimally invasive pectus excavatum repair of pectus excavatum, patients were surveyed to determine whether they had a fixed or growth health mindset...
September 29, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
Wilson Max Almeida Monteiro de Moraes, Felipe Carmo de Moura, Thamires Cristina da Costa Moraes, Luis Gustavo Oliveira de Sousa, Thiago Dos Santos Rosa, Brad J Schoenfeld, Fernanda Maria Machado Maia, Jonato Prestes
We examined whether off-season (OffS) and pre-contest (PreC) periods affect blood oxidative stress, inflammation, immunological and psychological markers in twenty bodybuilders. The athletes completed food intake (3-d record), physical activities, mood states (POMS), recovery-stress (RESTQ-sport), Wisconsin Upper Respiratory Symptom Survey (WURSS-21), and blood were obtained for biochemistry analyses. Almost all athletes were in a positive energy balance during the OffS, while bodybuilders presented markedly restricted energy intake (~45%) leading to a loss of weight (-9%) and fat mass (-45%), with a corresponding preservation of fat free mass in PreC...
September 24, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Jia Xue, Kai Lin, Ivan Y Sun, Jianhong Liu
Although a substantial number of studies have investigated factors that influenced intimate partner violence (IPV), very few have assessed the connection between the use of information and communication technology (ICT) and such violence. Using survey data collected from over 400 women in a large Chinese city, this study explored how the involvement of various ICT-related activities affects Chinese women's experiences with psychological, physical, and sexual abuse. We found that some forms of media usage and online activities, such as times spent on paper books and Internet and browsing entertainment and sports news as well as watching movies and TVs online, were linked to a higher or lower likelihood of being a victim of IPV...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Romana Babić, Dragan Babić, Marko Martinac, Marko Pavlović, Ivan Vasilj, Miro Miljko, Marina Vasilj
In the five thousand years of recorded history there is written evidence of various types of addiction. In recent decades scientists focus their attention on addictions without the immediate introduction of psychoactive substances into the organism or the so-called "addictions without drugs". Studies have revealed a number of similarities between drug addictions and addictions without drugs that also carry biological, psychological and social consequences in the form of addictive activity carvings, adrenaline alarm, dopamine and serotonin secretion, tolerance and abstinence syndrome same as classical forms of addiction...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Florian Giesche, Tobias Engeroff, Jan Wilke, Daniel Niederer, Lutz Vogt, Winfried Banzer
INTRODUCTION: Current evidence suggests that the loss of mechanoreceptors after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears might be compensated by increased cortical motor planning. This occupation of cerebral resources may limit the potential to quickly adapt movements to unforeseen external stimuli in the athletic environment. To date, studies investigating such neural alterations during movement focused on simple, anticipated tasks with low ecological validity. This trial, therefore, aims to investigate the cortical and biomechanical processes associated with more sport-related and injury-related movements in ACL-reconstructed individuals...
September 19, 2018: BMJ Open
Pantelis T Nikolaidis, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle
The participation of recreational runners in sport events ranging from 5 km to ultra-endurance races have increased dramatically during the last decades and this phenomenon has attracted scientific interest. Most research has focused on the physiological characteristics of these runners and less in their psychological characteristics. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to review the existing knowledge with regards to the personality of recreational endurance runners and the role of sex, age and performance...
September 18, 2018: Sports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"