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Sporting psychology

Alejandro M Spiotta, Avery L Buchholz, Alyssa K Pierce, JoAnn Dahlkoetter, Rocco Armonda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Daniel P Longman, Michele K Surbey, Jay T Stock, Jonathan C K Wells
Male-male competition is involved in inter- and intrasexual selection, with both endocrine and psychological factors presumably contributing to reproductive success in human males. We examined relationships among men's naturally occurring testosterone, their self-perceived mate value (SPMV), self-esteem, sociosexuality, and expected likelihood of approaching attractive women versus situations leading to child involvement. We then monitored changes in these measures in male rowers (N = 38) from Cambridge, UK, following a manipulated "win" or "loss" as a result of an indoor rowing contest...
August 9, 2018: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
Hong-Jie Yu, Fang Li, Yong-Feng Hu, Chang-Feng Li, Xu-Hao Yang, Shuai Yuan, Yao Huang, Bo-Wen Tang, Jie Gong, Qi-Qiang He
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing and psychological disorder is a common comorbidity of obesity. We investigated the associations of physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable (FV) intake with well-being and depressive symptoms among obese schoolchildren. METHODS: Participants included 188 obese children aged 9.8 ± 0.7 years living in Wuhan, China. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect the children's PA and FV intake information...
August 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
Ralf C Buckley
Emotions are a signaling system, evolved by providing selective advantage through enhanced survival and reproduction. The selective advantage conferred by thrill or exhilaration, however, remains unknown. Hypotheses, as yet untested, include overcoming phobias or honing physical skills as juveniles, or exhibiting desirability during mate selection. Extreme sports can provide an ethically and experimentally feasible tool to analyze thrill. To use this tool, extreme sports must first be defined in a non-circular way, independent of participant psychology...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Julius Jooste, Alliance N Kubayi
BACKGROUND: An understanding of psychological welfare in sport is essential for the advancement of coach development frameworks and practices to meet the needs of contemporary disabled athletes. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the perceived coach leadership style and psychological well-being (PWB) of South African senior national level male wheelchair basketball players (n = 16, Mage  = 32.13, SD = 6.62 years). METHODS: An exploratory, quantitative cross-sectional study design was employed in which the Leadership Scale for Sport, Subjective Vitality Scale, and Ryff's Psychological Well-being Scale were utilised to collect the data...
July 25, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Jaeho Shim, Hyuk Chung, Jitae Kim
Johnston, Benton, and Nishida (2003, Last but not least - Golfers may have to overcome a persistent visuospatial illusion. Perception, 32(9), 1151-1154) reported that when standing sideways to hit a golf ball, it becomes very difficult to see the veridical line of putt to the target and it creates a bias to misread the direction to the right of target. The purpose of the study was to determine if this perceptual aiming bias also impacts putting. A group of expert (N = 24) and novice (N = 24) players performed a perception task of aligning a line on the golf ball towards the target hole and an action task of putting a ball to the target hole located 1 m and 4 m away...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Franziska Schoen, Matthias Lochmann, Julian Prell, Kirsten Herfurth, Stefan Rampp
Decision-making is the process of selecting a logical choice from among the available options and happens as a complex process in the human brain. It is based on information processing and cost-analysis; it involves psychological factors, specifically, emotions. In addition to cost factors personal preferences have significant influence on decision making. For marketing purposes, it is interesting to know how these emotions are related to product acquisition decision and how to improve these products according to the user's preferences...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Mary Sims, Mary K Mulcahey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: JBJS Reviews
Ausra Lisinskiene
The purpose of this intervention study was to develop an educational program for coaches to strengthen the coach⁻athlete interpersonal relationship in individual youth sport. To obtain data in the qualitative interpretative phenomenology phase, 10 youth sports coaches took part in semi-structured, in-depth interviews. The educational program was developed by integrating psychological, educational and social skills into the educational coaching sessions. The program involved a detailed video analysis, theoretical classes, and individual consultations...
July 29, 2018: Sports
Franziska Lautenbach, Babett H Lobinger
Competitive taekwondo composes a high stress situation leading to an increase in the stress hormone cortisol. Little is known about cortisol's relation to outcome (winning vs. losing) and performance in taekwondo. Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate cortisol relation to outcome, performance and whether cortisol can predict performance during a competition. Twenty taekwondo combatants (13 males; Mage = 15) provided four salivary samples (C1: 30 min prior, C2: during, C3: after, and C4: 30 min after competition) during an international competition...
July 27, 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Mathieu Nedelec, Anis Aloulou, François Duforez, Tim Meyer, Gregory Dupont
Practicing sport at the highest level is typically accompanied by several stressors and restrictions on personal life. Elite athletes' lifestyle delivers a significant challenge to sleep, due to both the physiological and psychological demands, and the training and competition schedules. Inter-individual variability of sleep patterns (e.g., sleep requirements, chronotype) may have important implications not only for recovery and training schedules but also for the choice of measures to possibly improve sleep...
July 27, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
Ryan Zarzycki, Mathew Failla, Jacob Capin, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
Study Design Controlled laboratory study; cross sectional. Background Gait asymmetry frequently is observed following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Psychological readiness to return to sport is associated with functional and activity related outcomes after ACLR. However, the association between gait asymmetry and psychological readiness to return to sport is unknown. Objectives To determine the relationship between kinematic and kinetic measures of knee symmetry during gait and psychological readiness to return to sport following ACLR...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Elena Andrade-Gómez, David Martínez-Gómez, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Esther García-Esquinas
BACKGROUND: Television (TV) viewing and computer use have been associated with higher risk of depression, but studies specifically assessing the impact of these and other types of sedentary behaviors (SBs) on the mental health of older adults are scarce and their results are inconclusive. Similarly, the association between specific types of recreational physical activity (rPA) and mental health in older adults is poorly understood. METHODS: In 2012, information on SBs, rPA, and other health behaviors was collected with validated questionnaires from community-dwelling older adults participating in the Seniors-ENRICA cohort...
July 24, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
Aurelio Olmedilla, Víctor J Rubio, Pilar Fuster-Parra, Constanza Pujals, Alexandre García-Mas
The psychological factors of sports injuries constitute a growing field of study, even from the point of view of the prediction of their occurrence. Most of them, however, do not take into account the likelihood of the injuries' occurrence and the weight and role of the psychological variables on it. We conducted a study building up a Bayesian Network on a big sample of athletes, trying to assess these probabilistic links among several relevant psychological variables and the injuries' occurrence. The sample was constituted by 297 athletes (239 males, 58 females) from a wide range of sports: track and field; judo; fencing; karate; boxing; swimming; kayaking; artistic rollerskating, and team sports as football, basketball, and handball (Mean age: 25...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
G Lorimer Moseley, John Baranoff, Ebonie Rio, Mike Stewart, Wayne Derman, Brian Hainline
Persistent pain is common in elite athletes. The current review arose from a consensus initiative by the International Olympic Committee to advance the development of a standardized, scientific, and evidence-informed approach to management. We suggest that optimal management of persistent pain in elite athletes requires an understanding of contemporary pain science, including the rationale behind and implementation of a biopsychosocial approach to care. We argue that athletes and clinicians need to understand the biopsychosocial model because it applies to both pain and the impact of pain with special reference to the sport setting...
July 16, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Aurelio Olmedilla, Gema Torres-Luque, Alexandre García-Mas, Victor J Rubio, Eugenio Ducoing, Enrique Ortega
Psychological characteristics of athletes play a key role in sport performance and may moderate and mediate the influence of technical, tactical, and physical abilities athletes show. Different authors have emphasized the special attention such psychological characteristics should receive considering the extent they can influence athletes' behavior either in training or in competition. This paper is aimed at describing the psychological profiles of two cycling sports: triathlon and road cycling. One hundred and twenty-nine male and female professional and amateur cycling athletes (35...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Courtney C Walton, Richard J Keegan, Mike Martin, Harry Hallock
Sports performance at the highest level requires a wealth of cognitive functions such as attention, decision making, and working memory to be functioning at optimal levels in stressful and demanding environments. Whilst a substantial research base exists focusing on psychological skills for performance (e.g., imagery) or therapeutic techniques for emotion regulation (e.g., cognitive behavioral therapy), there is a scarcity of research examining whether the enhancement of core cognitive abilities leads to improved performance in sport...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Marko S Laaksonen, Malin Jonsson, Hans-Christer Holmberg
The biathlon, combining cross-country ski skating with rifle marksmanship, has been an Olympic event since the Winter Games in Squaw Valley, United States, in 1960. As a consequence of replacing the classical with the skating technique in the 1980s, as well as considerable improvements in equipment and preparation of ski tracks and more effective training, the average biathlon skiing speed has increased substantially. Moreover, the mass-start, pursuit, and sprint races have been introduced. Indeed, two of the four current individual Olympic biathlon competitions involve mass-starts, where tactics play a major role and the outcome is often decided during the last round of shooting or final sprint...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Marie Ottilie Frenkel, Robin-Bastian Heck, Henning Plessner
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sensation seeking is closely related to practicing high-risk sports. This domain offers individuals an opportunity to achieve an increased level of arousal. Moreover, stress reactivity implies interindividual differences in the capacity to respond to a stressor. The purpose of this study was to examine whether high sensation seekers (HSS) compared to low sensation seekers (LSS) experience lower levels of stress on a physiological and psychological basis. Stress was induced in a sport-specific experimental paradigm with a climbing task through a jump into the rope...
July 16, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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