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Sporting psychology

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In the last decade, there has been a notable increase in the implementation of strength training programs in sports for children and adolescents. This review of strength training includes potential health benefits, fitness, risks and recommendations for the healthy, overweight, obese, or sedentary population in children 7-19 years of age. The general guidelines include supervision, planning and proper learning of the technique. Scientific evidence and clinical experience of strength training in children and adolescents as part of a training program demonstrate that it is useful, effective and safe if properly prescribed and supervised, with potential health benefits on a physical, social and psychological level...
December 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Kyle I Ruiter, Rober Boshra, Mitchell Doughty, Michael Noseworthy, John F Connolly
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies demonstrate that sports-related concussions can have negative consequences on long-term brain health. The goal of the present study was to determine whether retired Canadian Football League (CFL) athletes with a history of concussions exhibit alterations in neurocognitive functioning, along with changes in physical, social, and psychological health. METHODS: Our study compared nineteen retired CFL athletes' concussion histories to eighteen healthy age-matched controls with no history of concussion...
November 26, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Leisha Strachan, Tara-Leigh McHugh, Courtney Mason
This study aimed to understand how positive youth development through sport and physical activity is understood and experienced by urban indigenous youth. Research in positive youth development claims that structured physical activities are critical for development. The 5 Cs (i.e., confidence, competence, character, connection, caring) are a gold standard when discussing positive outcomes and are important characteristics for youth to possess to attain the sixth C-contribution. Indigenous leaders recognize the value of sport for indigenous children and youth...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Paul S Glazier, Sina Mehdizadeh
This paper evaluates the effectiveness of, and highlights issues with, conventional paradigms in applied sports biomechanics research and comments on their capacity to optimise techniques of individual athletes. In empirical studies, group-based analyses often mask variability between athletes and only permit probabilistic 'in general' or 'on average' statements that may not be applicable to specific athletes. In individual-based analyses, performance parameters typically exhibit a small range and a flat response over iterative performance trials, making establishing associations between performance parameters and the performance criterion problematic...
December 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
Nadav Goldschmied, Yair Galily, Kenneth Keith
Jesus told his disciples, "Truly I tell you, it is hard for someone who is rich to enter the kingdom of heaven. Again I tell you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for someone who is rich to enter the kingdom of God." (Matthew 19:23-24). Ditto for heroes. The current study suggests that "humble beginnings" is also a prerequisite for one to become an adulated entity. Participants from China, Israel, and Japan read of two sports teams with disparate expectations and/or financial resources about to face each other...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Erin K Howie, Leo Ng, Darren Beales, Joanne A McVeigh, Leon M Straker
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify early life factors that were associated with childhood and adolescent organized sport participation trajectories. DESIGN: Participants were in the Raine Study, a pregnancy cohort in Western Australia recruited from 1989 to 1991. METHODS: Three organized sport trajectories over ages 5-17years were previously identified for girls (n=824: consistent participators, dropouts, and non-participators in sport) and boys (n=855: consistent participators, dropouts, joiners - those who joined sport in adolescence)...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Thomas W McAllister, Rachel Wall
Changes in mood, emotions, and behavior are common components of the acute clinical picture of sport-related concussion (SRC). Common concussion symptom inventories such as the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool-5 (SCAT5) contain a large number of questions that assess these neuropsychiatric domains. In fact, of 22 items assessed by the SCAT5, arguably only five of the items do not overlap with symptoms assessed by standard measures of anxiety and depression, suggesting that concussion is best viewed as a neuropsychiatric syndrome...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Lauren L Bennett, Jalayne J Arias, Paul J Ford, Charles Bernick, Sarah J Banks
OBJECTIVE: For concussions to be effectively managed in sports, they need to be correctly identified and reported. The extent to which professional athletes correctly recognize concussions, and their willingness to report symptoms, is not yet well understood. Given the risk of head injuries leading to concussions across combat sports, insight into professional fighters' knowledge and reporting of concussive symptoms is essential to improve concussion management. METHOD: To investigate understanding and reporting patterns of concussions sustained while training or competing, 257 fighters completed a self-report questionnaire assessing self-perception of concussion knowledge, trust of ringside medical providers, and reported number of previous head injuries...
November 27, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Félix Zurita-Ortega, Ramón Chacón-Cuberos, Cristian Cofre-Bolados, Emily Knox, José Joaquín Muros
Resilience is a psychological characteristic which enhances personal assets and protects individuals from potential negative effects of various stressors. While this topic has been considered in the separate context of sports injuries and anxiety states, these issues have rarely been considered together. The objective of this study is to analyse the association between motivation to overcome injuries in football and the state of anxiety caused by those injuries. One hundred and eighty-five footballers from Spain were analysed by way of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory questionnaires, and an injury self-registration sheet...
2018: PloS One
Tiana Raoul, Shahnaz Klouche, Baptiste Guerrier, Badr El-Hariri, Serge Herman, Antoine Gerometta, Nicolas Lefevre, Yoann Bohu
BACKGROUND: The decision to return to sport following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction should not only be based on time since surgery. This study aimed to assess, using isokinetic and neuromuscular (hops) testing in a large group, postoperative objective functional recovery of the knee. The secondary objective was to determine the relationship between psychological, functional scores, and these postoperative tests. METHODS: This prospective study included athletes who underwent surgery between 2013 and 2016 for an isolated full-thickness ACL tear...
November 22, 2018: Knee
Valentine Ucheagwu, Paul Okoli, Rita Ugokwe-Ossai
Online football (soccer) gambling is among the relatively new sports betting games in Nigeria that use internet connections. Like other gambling games, some psychological profiles either propel or sustain the behavior. We tested some neuropsychological profiles and personality traits that distinguish the regular online football gamblers from non-gamblers. Using a between group design, we tested 140 (60: online football gamblers; 80: non-gamblers) university undergraduate students between the ages of 18-26 years on specific neuropsychological domains (i...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Maamer Slimani, Armin Huso Paravlic, Helmi Chaabene, Philip Davis, Karim Chamari, Foued Cheour
Striking combat sports are challenging, commonly stressing the endocrinological system based on a mixture of body-contact actions and physiological efforts. The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to discuss the hormonal responses related to striking combat sports competitions and to investigate the moderator and mediator variables of the hormonal response-competition/outcome relationship. Three electronic databases (i.e., PubMed, Google Scholar and ScienceDirect) were systematically searched (up to February 2016) followed by a manual search of retrieved papers...
June 2018: Biology of Sport
Mayank Kaushal, Lezlie Y España, Andrew S Nencka, Yang Wang, Lindsay D Nelson, Michael A McCrea, Timothy B Meier
There has been a recent call for longitudinal imaging studies to better characterize the time course of physiological recovery following sport-related concussion (SRC) and its relationship with clinical recovery. To address this, we evaluated changes to resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) of the whole-brain network following SRC and explored associations between rs-FC and measures of clinical outcome. High school and collegiate football athletes were enrolled during preseason. Athletes that suffered SRC (N = 62) were assessed across the acute (within 48 hr) and sub-acute (days 8, 15, and 45) phases...
November 19, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
Svitlana P Koshova, Anatolii H Krut
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The article deals with the peculiarities of physicians' stress in conditions of exam stress in postgraduate education as a structural-functional, dynamic, integrative property of the person, as a result of transactional process of collision of an individual with with the individual stress factors, which includes cognitive representation, the objective characterization of the situation and requirements for the individual. The course of diagnosis and adaptive capacity is considered in terms of physical, emotional and mental capacity, ability for social adaptation, to ensure the successful fulfillment, achievement of life goals, maintain homeostasis, efficiency and health...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Ida E Clark, Richie P Goulding, Fred J DiMenna, Stephen J Bailey, Martin I Jones, Jonathan Fulford, Sinead T J McDonagh, Andrew M Jones, Anni Vanhatalo
It has been reported that mental fatigue decreases exercise performance during high-intensity constant-work-rate exercise (CWR) and self-paced time trials (TT) in recreationally-trained individuals. The purpose of this study was to determine whether performance is impaired following a prolonged cognitive task in individuals trained for competitive sport. Ten trained competitive athletes (ATH) and ten untrained healthy men (UNT) completed a 6-min severe-intensity CWR followed by a 6-min cycling TT immediately following cognitive tasks designed to either perturb (Stroop colour-word task and N-back task; PCT) or maintain a neutral (documentary watching; CON) mental state...
November 15, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Louise M Burke, John A Hawley
The exploits of elite athletes delight, frustrate, and confound us as they strive to reach their physiological, psychological, and biomechanical limits. We dissect nutritional approaches to optimal performance, showcasing the contribution of modern sports science to gold medals and world titles. Despite an enduring belief in a single, superior "athletic diet," diversity in sports nutrition practices among successful athletes arises from the specificity of the metabolic demands of different sports and the periodization of training and competition goals...
November 16, 2018: Science
Emerson Franchini, Stuart Cormack, Monica Y Takito
Franchini, E, Cormack, S, and Takito, MY. Effects of high-intensity interval training on Olympic combat sports athletes' performance and physiological adaptation: A systematic review. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Combat sports represent around 25% of all Olympic medals disputed, and the success in these sports are determined by technical-tactical excellence and supported by physiological and psychological development. Although the training in combat sports is intermittent training by nature, some researchers have started to focus their attention on the effects of complementary high-intensity interval training (HIIT)-coupled standard combat sports-specific training on morphological, physiological, and performance adaptations...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jaime Carrizosa-Moog, Lady Diana Ladino, Vanessa Benjumea-Cuartas, Juan Pablo Orozco-Hernández, Diana Marcela Castrillón-Velilla, Syed Rizvi, José Francisco Téllez-Zenteno
People with epilepsy (PWE) are less physically active compared with the general population. Explanations include prejudice, overprotection, unawareness, stigma, fear of seizure induction and lack of knowledge of health professionals. At present, there is no consensus on the role of exercise in epilepsy. This paper reviews the current evidence surrounding the risks and benefits associated with physical activity (PA) in this group of patients. In the last decade, several publications indicate significant benefits in physiological and psychological health parameters, including mood and cognition, physical conditioning, social interaction, quality of life, as well as potential prevention of seizure presentation...
November 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
Martin Burtscher, Martin Niedermeier, Johannes Burtscher, Dominik Pesta, Jiri Suchy, Barbara Strasser
It was the Summer Olympic Games 1968 held in Mexico City (2,300 m) that required scientists and coaches to cope with the expected decline of performance in endurance athletes and to establish optimal preparation programs for competing at altitude. From that period until now many different recommendations for altitude acclimatization in advance of an altitude competition were proposed, ranging from several hours to several weeks. Those recommendations are mostly based on the separate consideration of the physiology of acclimatization, psychological issues, performance changes, logistical or individual aspects, but there is no review considering all these aspects in their entirety...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Nadège Rochat, Vincent Gesbert, Ludovic Seifert, Denis Hauw
Using an enactive approach to trail runners' activity, this study sought to identify and characterize runners' phenomenological gestalts, which are forms of experience that synthesize the heterogeneous sensorimotor, cognitive and emotional information that emerges in race situations. By an in-depth examination of their meaningful experiences, we were able to highlight the different typologies of interactions between bodily processes (e.g., sensations and pains), behaviors (e.g., actions and strategies), and environment (e...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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