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Seung-Hyun Jeong, Ji-Hun Jang, Seong-Ho Ham, Seung-Jeong Yang, Hea-Young Cho, Yong-Bok Lee
The purpose of this study was to develop a method for simultaneous analysis of schizandrin, ephedrine, paeoniflorin, and cinnamic acid as constituents of Socheongryong-tang tablet in human plasma using UPLC-MS/MS. These four components were separated using water containing 0.01% formic acid and methanol as a mobile phase by gradient elution at a flow rate of 0.3 mL/min with a HALO-C18 column (2.1 mm × 100 mm, 2.7 μm particle size). Quantitation was performed on a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer employing electrospray ionization technique operated in multiple reaction monitoring mode...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Arthur Hosmann, Steffen Rauscher, Wei-Te Wang, Philippe Dodier, Gerhard Bavinzski, Engelbert Knosp, Andreas Gruber
OBJECTIVE: After subarachnoid hemorrhage delayed onset vasospasm can result in devastating ischemic stroke. The phenomenon of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) is yet not fully understood and the correlation of angiographic vasospasm and cerebral infarction is still unclear. Therefore, this study is set out to investigate the impact of endovascular treatment on angiographic response and occurrence of DCI. METHODS: Eighty patients suffering subarachnoid hemorrhage with serious cerebral vasospasm underwent endovascular treatment using intra-arterial application of Papaverine-Hydrochloride (IAP) or transluminal balloon angioplasty (TBA)...
July 24, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Hugh Hekierski, Philip Pastor, Victor Curvello, William M Armstead
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) contributes to morbidity in children, and boys are disproportionately represented. Cerebral blood flow (CBF) is reduced and autoregulation is impaired after TBI, contributing to poor outcome. Cerebral Perfusion Pressure (CPP) is often normalized by use of vasoactive agents to increase mean arterial pressure (MAP). In prior studies of male and female newborn and juvenile pigs, we observed that phenylephrine, norepinephrine, epinephrine, and dopamine demonstrated different sex and age dependent abilities to prevent impairment of cerebral autoregulation and limit histopathology after TBI, despite equivalent CPP values...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
Chunyan Liu, Xiaohui Xu, Wenxin Hu, Xing Yang, Panpan Zhou, Guoyu Qiu, Weichun Ye, Yumin Li, Chaoyang Jiang
Clean cabbagelike (111) faceted silver crystals were synthesized via a facile galvanic replacement reaction of [Ag(NH3 )2 ]OH and a commercial aluminum foil, a surfactant-free formation process. The cabbagelike silver crystals consisted of interconnected nanoplates and exhibited a single-crystal structure along with preferential (111) facet oriented growth. These silver crystals showed high and reliable surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) activity due to electromagnetic mechanism, and they could be easily transferred onto other rigid or flexible surfaces, making their SERS applications more versatile...
August 9, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Federico Lo Torto, Juste Kaciulyte, Pedro Ciudad, Emanuele Cigna, Diego Ribuffo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Bingbo Bao, Hongyi Zhu, Xianyou Zheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Adrienn Kazsoki, Attila Domján, Károly Süvegh, Romána Zelkó
Papaverine hydrochloride loaded gels, films and electrospun fibers were prepared for buccal drug delivery with the aim of improving the oral bioavailability of the crystalline drug, which can be achieved by the increased solubility and by the circumvention of the intensive first pass metabolism. The water soluble hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) was chosen as a mucoadhesive polymer. In order to improve the electrospinnability of HPC, the similarly mucoadhesive poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) was used. Since the drying of gels is of decisive role in either the formation of drug-loaded cast films or electrospun fibers, a real time ortho-positronium (o-Ps) tracking of gels was applied in order to obtain information about the supramolecular changes of the drying-induced gel-film transition...
September 15, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Fernando Lorenzini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Gianni Belcaro, Giuseppe Gizzi, Luciano Pellegrini, Beatrice Feragalli, Roberto Cotellese, Marisa Cacchio, Marcello Corsi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this registry was to evaluate the effects of Pycnogenol® on the main symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in otherwise healthy individuals. METHODS: This study included 77 healthy individuals with symptoms of IBS. The patients were divided into three groups: group 1 was treated with Buscopan (10 mg when needed), group 2 (Antispasmina col forte; 50 mg papaverine hydrochloride+10 mg belladonna extract when needed) and 3 (Pycnogenol® 150 mg/day) for 3 weeks...
June 2018: Panminerva Medica
Yoshitaka Okabe, Kanichi Otowa, Yasuhito Mitamura, Hisayoshi Murai, Soichiro Usui, Shuichi Kaneko, Masayuki Takamura
Estimation of the fractional flow reserve (FFR) is considered to be an established method by which to assess stable coronary artery stenosis. Induction of maximal coronary hyperemia is important during the FFR procedure. Papaverine has been reported to increase the risk of ventricular arrhythmia (VA). The purpose of the present study was to discover predictors of papaverine-induced VAs developing during FFR measurement. A total of 213 clinically stable patients were included in the study. FFRs were determined after intracoronary papaverine administration (12 mg into the left and 8 mg into the right coronary arteries)...
April 30, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Farzaneh Naghdi, Zahra Gholamnezhad, Mohammad Hossein Boskabady, Morteza Bakhshesh
BACKGROUND: Lavandula angustifolia (L. angustifolia) Mill. (Common name Lavender) is used in traditional and folk medicines for the treatment of various diseases including respiratory disorders worldwide. The relaxant effect of the plant on the smooth muscle of some tissues was shown previously. The present study has investigated the role of different receptors and pathways in the relaxant effect of L. angustifolia on tracheal smooth muscle. METHODS: Cumulative concentrations of the hydro-ethanolic extract of L...
June 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Masahiro Nauchi, Tsuyoshi Sakai, Masahiro Yamawaki, Yoshiaki Ito
A 78-year-old woman had paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and effort angina. Two months before she was admitted for a coronary angiography, she had been feeling dizzy. A Holter 24-hour electrocardiography monitor exhibited an asymptomatic episode of 2.9 seconds of RR interval. She underwent a coronary angiography, which showed intermediate stenosis in the left descending artery. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurement using intracoronary papaverine administration was performed. After intracoronary papaverine (12 mg) administration, pause of 4 seconds led to polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT), although the VT terminated spontaneously...
May 30, 2018: International Heart Journal
Nurcan Yurtsever Kum, Yavuz F Yilmaz, Seren G Gurgen, Rauf O Kum, Muge Ozcan, Adnan Unal
Introduction: Noise exposure, the main cause of hearing loss in countries with lot of industries, may result both in temporary or permanent hearing loss. The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of parenteral papaverine and piracetam administration following an acoustic trauma on hearing function with histopathologic correlation. Materials and Methods: Eighteen Wistar albino rats exposed to noise for 8 h in a free environment were included. We divided the study population into three groups, and performed daily intraperitoneal injections of papaverine, piracetam, and saline, respectively, throughout the study...
March 2018: Noise & Health
Mehmet Ali Karagoz, Omer Gokhan Doluoglu, Hatice Ünverdi, Berkan Resorlu, Mehmet Melih Sunay, Arif Demirbas, Tolga Karakan, Arif Aydin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of papaverine and alprostadil on testicular torsion-detorsion injury in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 male Wistar-Albino rats were used in this study. Four hours of right testicular torsion was applied to each group, excluding sham operated group. The torsion-detorsion (T/D), T/D + papaverine and T/D + alprostadil groups received saline, papaverine and alprostadil at the same time as surgical detorsion, respectively...
May 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Alessandro Dalpiaz, Barbara Pavan
Although several viruses can easily infect the central nervous system (CNS), antiviral drugs often show dramatic difficulties in penetrating the brain from the bloodstream since they are substrates of active efflux transporters (AETs). These transporters, located in the physiological barriers between blood and the CNS and in macrophage membranes, are able to recognize their substrates and actively efflux them into the bloodstream. The active transporters currently known to efflux antiviral drugs are P-glycoprotein (ABCB1 or P-gp or MDR1), multidrug resistance-associated proteins (ABCC1 or MRP1, ABCC4 or MRP4, ABCC5 or MRP5), and breast cancer resistance protein (ABCG2 or BCRP)...
March 26, 2018: Pharmaceutics
Ali Hafez Ali Mohammed El-Far, Seiichi Munesue, Ai Harashima, Akira Sato, Mika Shindo, Shingo Nakajima, Mana Inada, Mariko Tanaka, Akihiko Takeuchi, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Hazem M E Shaheen, Yasser S El-Sayed, Shuhei Kawano, Sei-Ichi Tanuma, Yasuhiko Yamamoto
Receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) is a pattern recognition receptor implicated in the pathogenesis of certain types of cancer. In the present study, papaverine was identified as a RAGE inhibitor using the conversion to small molecules through optimized-peptide strategy drug design system. Papaverine significantly inhibited RAGE-dependent nuclear factor κ-B activation driven by high mobility group box-1, a RAGE ligand. Using RAGE- or dominant-negative RAGE-expressing HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells, the present study revealed that papaverine suppressed RAGE-dependent cell proliferation and migration dose-dependently...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Agnieszka Zagorska, Anna Partyka, Adam Bucki, Alicja Gawalska, Anna Czopek, Maciej Pawlowski
BACKGROUND: The phosphodiesterase 10 (PDE10) family, identified in 1999, is mainly expressed in the brain, particularly in the striatum, within the medium spiny neurons, nucleus accumbens, and olfactory tubercle. Inhibitors of PDE10 (PDE10-Is) are a conceptually rational subject for medicinal chemistry with potential use in the treatment of psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases. OBJECTIVE: This review is based on peer-reviewed published articles, and summarizes the cellular and molecular biology of PDE10 as a rational target for psychiatric and neurodegenerative drug discovery...
March 8, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Veronika Jablonická, Jörg Ziegler, Zuzana Vatehová, Desana Lišková, Ingo Heilmann, Marek Obložinský, Mareike Heilmann
Benzylisoquinoline alkaloids (BIAs) are important secondary plant metabolites and include medicinally relevant drugs, such as morphine or codeine. As the de novo synthesis of BIA backbones is (still) unfeasible, to date the opium poppy plant Papaver somniferum L. represents the main source of BIAs. The formation of BIAs is induced in poppy plants by stress conditions, such as wounding or salt treatment; however, the details about regulatory processes controlling BIA formation in opium poppy are not well studied...
April 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Lars Radünz, Hannah Reuter, Hilke Andresen-Streichert
Modafinil is used because of its wakefulness-promoting properties for treatment of diseases associated with extreme sleepiness (i.e., narcolepsy). Additionally, it is misused as a "cognitive enhancer" to increase alertness and to improve concentration. We present modafinil concentrations in serum samples in five cases of our routine work measured by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a photo diode array detector after solid-phase extraction. One sample was analyzed for clinical toxicology purposes...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
Brenen P Swofford, Devon P Swofford
BACKGROUND Hypothenar hammer syndrome is a relatively rare disease process caused by repetitive stress or injury to the hypothenar eminence leading to chronic injury to the ulnar artery. This chronic stress (usually as a result of occupational or sport activities) may result in arterial constriction or thickening, which may lead to thrombosis or aneurysm formation. A review of current literature revealed that reports related to management of hypothenar hammer syndrome are limited. CASE REPORT A 33-year-old male without significant past medical history presented with left hand/digit pain, skin discoloration, and coolness of the hand/digits after a mechanical accident experienced 12 hours prior to presentation...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
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