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physical activity and depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30550313/eating-pathology-and-psychological-outcomes-in-young-adults-in-self-regulation-interventions-using-daily-self-weighing
#1
Amy A Gorin, Jessica Gokee LaRose, Mark A Espeland, Deborah F Tate, Elissa Jelalian, Erica Robichaud, Pamela Coward, Karen E Hatley, Katelyn R Garcia, Wei Lang, Judy Bahnson, Cora E Lewis, Rena R Wing
OBJECTIVE: Self-regulation interventions encouraging daily weighing prevent weight gain in young adults; however, concerns have been raised that such interventions may have undesirable effects on eating pathology, depression, and health-related quality of life (HRQL). The present study examined whether self-regulation interventions and self-weighing frequency were associated with these indices in normal weight individuals and those with overweight or obesity. METHODS: Young adults ( n = 599), 18-35 years with a body mass index (BMI) 21...
December 13, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548594/dissemination-of-the-capable-model-of-care-in-a-medicaid-waiver-program-to-improve-physical-function
#2
Sandra L Spoelstra, Alla Sikorskii, Laura N Gitlin, Monica Schueller, Margaret Kline, Sarah L Szanton
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Of older adults, 42% report problems with daily function, and physical function is the most important consideration for aging individuals. Thus, we implemented a model of care focused on improving physical function and examined health and use outcomes and satisfaction. DESIGN: A 3-year participatory, single-group pretrial/posttrial benchmarked to a usual care cohort that was evaluated prior to the study. SETTING: Four Medicaid home and community-based waiver sites in Michigan...
December 13, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30544486/microbiome-the-missing-link-in-the-gut-brain-axis-focus-on-its-role-in-gastrointestinal-and-mental-health
#3
REVIEW
Karolina Skonieczna-Żydecka, Wojciech Marlicz, Agata Misera, Anastasios Koulaouzidis, Igor Łoniewski
The central nervous system (CNS) and the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract communicate through the gut-brain axis (GBA). Such communication is bi-directional and involves neuronal, endocrine, and immunological mechanisms. There is mounting data that gut microbiota is the source of a number of neuroactive and immunocompetent substances, which shape the structure and function of brain regions involved in the control of emotions, cognition, and physical activity. Most GI diseases are associated with altered transmission within the GBA that are influenced by both genetic and environmental factors...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30544404/the-relationship-between-job-satisfaction-burnout-syndrome-and-depressive-symptoms-an-analysis-of-professionals-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-brazil
#4
Alan Maicon de Oliveira, Marcus Tolentino Silva, Taís Freire Galvão, Luciane Cruz Lopes
Research shows an instability in the way workers in the healthcare field live, and a prevalence of an unhealthy lifestyle. Exhaustion, an overload of obligations and responsibilities and dissatisfaction are all factors that may result in both physical and mental disorders. The aim of our study is to analyze the association between individual and occupational aspects of hospital workers and their job satisfaction, burnout syndrome, and depressive symptoms, as well as the relationship between these 3 factors...
December 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543801/combined-aerobic-exercise-and-task-practice-improve-health-related-quality-of-life-after-stroke-a-preliminary-analysis
#5
Anson B Rosenfeldt, Susan M Linder, Sara Davidson, Cynthia Clark, Nicole M Zimmerman, John J Lee, Jay L Alberts
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this project was to determine the effects of lower extremity aerobic exercise coupled with upper extremity repetitive task practice (RTP) on health related quality of life (HRQOL) and depressive symptomology in individuals with chronic stroke. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from two randomized controlled trials. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals (N=40) with chronic stroke...
December 10, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30543571/relationships-among-fatigue-anxiety-depression-and-pain-and-health-promoting-lifestyle-behaviors-in-women-with-early-stage-breast-cancer
#6
Debra Lynch Kelly, Gee Su Yang, Angela R Starkweather, Uma Siangphoe, Paula Alexander-Delpech, Debra E Lyon
BACKGROUND: With a nearly 89% 5-year survival rate for women with early-stage breast cancer, symptoms are a priority. Healthy lifestyle behaviors may be temporally associated with symptoms; however, evidence is lacking. OBJECTIVE: This research examined temporal relationships among healthy lifestyle behaviors and symptoms in women diagnosed with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: This research was part of a study (R01NR012667) approved by the institutional review board...
December 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30541621/baby-steps-a-structured-group-education-programme-with-accompanying-mobile-web-application-designed-to-promote-physical-activity-in-women-with-a-history-of-gestational-diabetes-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Nithya Sukumar, Helen Dallosso, Ponnusamy Saravanan, Tom Yates, Carol Telling, Karen Shorthose, Alison Northern, Sally Schreder, Christopher Brough, Laura J Gray, Melanie J Davies, Kamlesh Khunti
BACKGROUND: A diagnosis of gestational diabetes (GDM) is associated with an over sevenfold increase in the risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D), while among parous women with T2D, up to 30% have a history of GDM. Lifestyle interventions have been shown to reduce the risk of incident T2D in adults with impaired glucose tolerance, including in women with a history of GDM. The aim of this study is to establish whether a group self-management education programme, supported by a mobile web application, can improve levels of physical activity at 12 months in women who have had GDM...
December 12, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30541522/the-association-between-physical-activity-and-symptoms-of-depression-in-different-contexts-a-cross-sectional-study-of-norwegian-adolescents
#8
Annette Løvheim Kleppang, Ingeborg Hartz, Miranda Thurston, Curt Hagquist
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to analyse the association between physical activity taking place in different contexts (sports club, gym, exercise independently and other organized physical activities) and symptoms of depression. METHODS: The study was based on self-reported cross-sectional data from the Ungdata survey, conducted in 2017 by the Norwegian Social Research (NOVA) institute in cooperation with regional centres for drug rehabilitation. The target group comprised 5531 15-16 years old adolescents (Grade 10 students) and 11,655 students in grades 8 and 9 in Norway...
December 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30540200/the-effect-of-leisure-coping-on-depressive-symptoms-among-individuals-with-depression-examination-of-potential-confounding-effects-of-physical-activity-and-extraversion
#9
Shinichi Nagata, Bryan McCormick, Jennifer Piatt
Clinically significant depression has been consistently identified as a phenomenon directly linked to stress and stress coping. Leisure behavior as purposeful coping strategy (i.e. leisure coping) has been advanced as a potential approach to address depression; however, the leisure coping effect on depressive symptoms has not examined with two potential confounders: physical activity and extraversion. Physical activity's anti-depressant effect is widely known, and there is also a link between extraversion and lower depressive symptoms...
December 12, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30540078/inflammatory-bowel-disease-impact-on-scores-of-quality-of-life-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-center-in-brazil
#10
Raquel Pellizzari Calixto, Cristina Flores, Carlos Fernando Francesconi
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease frequently affects patients at working age, compromising their quality of life in several levels: physical, psychological, familial and social. Few studies have evaluated the impact of Inflammatory bowel disease on quality of life, anxiety and depression in Brazilian patients. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate quality of life and its correlation with psychological aspects of patients with inflammatory bowel disease through the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
July 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534864/-changes-in-social-psychological-and-functional-variables-among-older-people-attending-a-day-care-center
#11
Alejandra Ximena Araya, María Soledad Herrera, Evelyn Iriarte, Romina Rioja
BACKGROUND: Older people attending day care centers improve their social activities, perception of quality of life and reduce their institutionalization rate and risk of mortality in the medium term. AIM: To evaluate the changes in the integral geriatric assessment and frailty of a group of older people attending a day care center in Santiago. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Health self-perception, integral geriatric assessment, Barthel scale, frailty indicators, mini-mental state scale, Yesavage depression score and a scale about solitude perception were evaluated in 35 participants aged 73 ± 6 years on admission and at discharge from a day care center for older people...
August 2018: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534032/low-muscle-mass-and-depressed-mood-in-korean-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-fourth-and-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys
#12
Ji Hyun Moon, Mi Hee Kong, Hyeon Ju Kim
Background: Muscle mass and muscle function are related to depressed mood in studies of adults. Like adults, Korean students are highly likely to suffer from decreased muscle mass due to social conditions. In this study, we evaluated the muscle mass status of Korean adolescents and assess the effect of muscle on depressive mood. Methods: A total of 1,233 adolescent boys and girls participants from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were enrolled in our study...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30532687/gut-thinking-the-gut-microbiome-and-mental-health-beyond-the-head
#13
Grace Lucas
Background: In recent decades, dominant models of mental illness have become increasingly focused on the head, with mental disorders being figured as brain disorders. However, research into the active role that the microbiome-gut-brain axis plays in affecting mood and behaviour may lead to the conclusion that mental health is more than an internalised problem of individual brains. Objective: This article explores the implications of shifting understandings about mental health that have come about through research into links between the gut microbiome and mental health problems such as depression and anxiety...
2018: Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30532679/feeling-older-walking-slower-but-only-if-someone-s-watching-subjective-age-is-associated-with-walking-speed-in-the-laboratory-but-not-in-real-life
#14
Nanna Notthoff, Johanna Drewelies, Paulina Kazanecka, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Kristina Norman, Sandra Düzel, Martin Daumer, Ulman Lindenberger, Ilja Demuth, Denis Gerstorf
The huge inter-individual differences in how people age have prompted researchers to examine whether people's own perception of how old they are-their subjective age-could be a better predictor of relevant outcomes than their actual chronological age. Indeed, how old people feel does predict mortality hazards, and health-related measures such as walking speed may account for this association. In the present study, we extended this line of work by investigating whether subjective age also predicts walking speed and running speed in daily life or whether the predictive effects of subjective age for behavior manifest only within a controlled performance situation...
December 2018: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30532671/understanding-depressive-symptoms-in-nursing-home-residents-the-role-of-frequency-and-enjoyability-of-different-expanded-everyday-activities-relevant-to-the-nursing-home-setting
#15
Mona Diegelmann, Hans-Werner Wahl, Oliver K Schilling, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Eva-Luisa Schnabel, Klaus Hauer
Depressive symptoms are highly prevalent in nursing home (NH) residents. We assume that enjoyability, besides frequency of activities, is an important facet of expanded everyday activities (EEAs; Baltes et al., in: Baltes and Mayer (eds) The Berlin aging study, University of California Press, Berkeley, 2001) and affects residents' depressive symptoms. Furthermore, we assume that associations with depressive symptoms vary for different EEAs, namely contact with co-residents and staff and participation in organized in-home activities...
December 2018: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30532604/anxiety-depression-symptoms-and-physical-activity-levels-of-eutrophic-and-excess-weight-brazilian-elite-police-officers-a-preliminary-study
#16
Rodrigo L Vancini, Claudio Ab de Lira, Sarah A Anceschi, André V Rosa, Ana P Lima-Leopoldo, André S Leopoldo, Weverton Rufo-Tavares, Marilia S Andrade, Pantelis T Nikolaidis, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle
Background: Police officers are subjected to high work-related stress. This scenario of irregular and insalubrious working conditions may be related to an increase in psychiatric disorders and overweight. In particular, low levels of physical activity and high work stress levels may predispose police officers to obesity, poor lifestyles, and, consequently, major risk of psychological disorders. Thus, our aim was to profile the anxiety/depression symptoms and habitual physical activity (HPA) levels of Brazilian elite police officers classified by body mass index (BMI)...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30532212/depressive-symptoms-as-a-barrier-to-engagement-in-physical-activity-in-older-adults-with-and-without-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Amber S Watts, Moyra E Mortby, Jeffrey M Burns
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity shows promise for reduced risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and protection against cognitive decline among individuals with and without AD. Older adults face many barriers to adoption of physically active lifestyles and people with AD face even further challenges. Physical activity is a promising non-pharmacological approach to improve depressive symptoms, but little is known about the impact of depressive symptoms as a potential barrier to engagement in physical activity...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30531490/acute-exercise-effects-among-young-adults-with-analog-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#18
Matthew P Herring, Derek C Monroe, Brett R Gordon, Mats Hallgren, Mark J Campbell
Recent findings support positive effects of acute aerobic exercise on worry, state anxiety, and feelings of energy and fatigue among young adult women with subclinical, or analogue, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). However, exercise effects among young adult men with analogue GAD are unstudied. PURPOSE: This study replicated initial findings of positive effects of acute vigorous-intensity aerobic exercise on worry, state anxiety, and feelings of energy and fatigue among young adult women with analogue GAD, examined responses among young adult men with analogue GAD, and explored sex-related differences and moderation by physical activity level, trait anxiety, depression, and poor sleep status...
December 5, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30531214/weeding-out-the-problem-the-impact-of-preoperative-cannabinoid-use-on-pain-in-the-perioperative-period
#19
Christopher W Liu, Anuj Bhatia, Arlene Buzon-Tan, Susan Walker, Dharini Ilangomaran, Jamal Kara, Lakshmikumar Venkatraghavan, Atul J Prabhu
BACKGROUND: The recreational and medical use of cannabinoids has been increasing. While most studies and reviews have focused on the role of cannabinoids in the management of acute pain, no study has examined the postoperative outcomes of surgical candidates who are on cannabinoids preoperatively. This retrospective cohort study examined the impact of preoperative cannabinoid use on postoperative pain scores and pain-related outcomes in patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery. METHODS: Outcomes of patients who had major orthopedic surgery at our hospital between April 1, 2015 and June 30, 2017 were reviewed...
December 7, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30530650/combined-molecular-dynamics-and-neural-network-method-for-predicting-protein-antifreeze-activity
#20
Daniel J Kozuch, Frank H Stillinger, Pablo G Debenedetti
Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) are a diverse class of proteins that depress the kinetically observable freezing point of water. AFPs have been of scientific interest for decades, but the lack of an accurate model for predicting AFP activity has hindered the logical design of novel antifreeze systems. To address this, we perform molecular dynamics simulation for a collection of well-studied AFPs. By analyzing both the dynamic behavior of water near the protein surface and the geometric structure of the protein, we introduce a method that automatically detects the ice binding face of AFPs...
December 7, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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