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physical activity and depression

Ruth Martis, Caroline A Crowther, Emily Shepherd, Jane Alsweiler, Michelle R Downie, Julie Brown
BACKGROUND: Successful treatments for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have the potential to improve health outcomes for women with GDM and their babies. OBJECTIVES: To provide a comprehensive synthesis of evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews of the benefits and harms associated with interventions for treating GDM on women and their babies. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (5 January 2018) for reviews of treatment/management for women with GDM...
August 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Zosia Kmietowicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Mert Ulaş Barut, Hakan Çoksüer, Sibel Sak, Murat Bozkurt, Elif Ağaçayak, Uğur Hamurcu, Didem Kurban, Süleyman Eserdağ
BACKGROUND Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH), or secondary hypogonadism, results from reduced secretion of gonadotropins, including follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), by the pituitary gland, resulting in lack of production of sex steroids. The aim of this study was to evaluate self-reported sexual function in sexually active women with and without HH using two evaluation methods, the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). MATERIAL AND METHODS The study recruited 88 women who attended an outpatient in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinic in Turkey for primary infertility, between August 2013 and August 2016...
August 12, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Jean-Frederic Colombel, Andrea Shin, Peter R Gibson
DESCRIPTION: The purpose of this clinical practice update review is to describe key principles in the diagnosis and management of functional gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: The evidence and best practices summarized in this manuscript are based on relevant scientific publications, systematic reviews, and expert opinion where applicable. BEST PRACTICE ADVICE 1: A stepwise approach to rule-out ongoing inflammatory activity should be followed in IBD patients with persistent GI symptoms (measurement of fecal calprotectin, endoscopy with biopsy, cross-sectional imaging)...
August 9, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Sammi R Chekroud, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Amanda B Zheutlin, Martin Paulus, Harlan M Krumholz, John H Krystal, Adam M Chekroud
BACKGROUND: Exercise is known to be associated with reduced risk of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and diabetes, but its association with mental health remains unclear. We aimed to examine the association between exercise and mental health burden in a large sample, and to better understand the influence of exercise type, frequency, duration, and intensity. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we analysed data from 1 237 194 people aged 18 years or older in the USA from the 2011, 2013, and 2015 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System survey...
August 8, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
Jon E Grant, Sarah A Redden, Katherine Lust, Samuel R Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: This study sought to examine the occurrence of the nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (amphetamines and methylphenidate) in a university sample and their associated physical and mental health correlates, including potential relationships with risky sexual practices. METHODS: A 156-item anonymous online survey was distributed via e-mail to a sample of 9449 university students. Current use of alcohol and drugs, psychological and physical status, and academic performance were assessed, along with questionnaire-based measures of impulsivity and compulsivity...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
Cristy Phillips, Atoossa Fahimi
Physical activity-a lifestyle factor that is associated with immune function, neuroprotection, and energy metabolism-modulates the cellular and molecular processes in the brain that are vital for emotional and cognitive health, collective mechanisms that can go awry in depression. Physical activity optimizes the stress response, neurotransmitter level and function (e.g., serotonergic, noradrenergic, dopaminergic, and glutamatergic), myokine production (e.g., interleukin-6), transcription factor levels and correlates [e...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Nafisa Reza, Kristina M Deligiannidis, Elizabeth H Eustis, Cynthia L Battle
This article provides a focused review of the evidence for several complementary health approaches (ie, omega-3 fatty acids, folate, vitamin D, selenium, zinc, magnesium, B vitamins, physical activity, yoga) in the treatment of perinatal depression. There is evidence that some of these treatments may be reasonable to consider in women during pregnancy or the postpartum period. However, there are little data on the comparative safety and efficacy of these relative to traditional treatments (eg, psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy)...
September 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
Youding Zhang, Xiamusiye Muyiduli, Shuojia Wang, Wen Jiang, Jinhua Wu, Minchao Li, Minjia Mo, Shuying Jiang, Zhaopin Wang, Bule Shao, Yu Shen, Yunxian Yu
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence rate of prenatal anxiety and depression among pregnant women in a prospective cohort study and to explore the relevant factors of anxiety and depression during each trimester. METHODS: Pregnant women were recruited into the Zhoushan Pregnant Women Cohort at Zhoushan Maternal and Child Care Hospital from September 2011 to March 2015. A self-made questionnaire was used to collect information about social demography, reproductive history, physical activity, and life behaviour at the first, second and third trimester, respectively...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Stephanie L Orstad, Meghan H McDonough, Peter James, David B Klenosky, Francine Laden, Marifran Mattson, Philip J Troped
Features that enhance neighborhood walkability (higher population density, street connectivity and access to destinations) are associated with higher levels of physical activity among older adults. The perceived neighborhood environment appears to mediate associations between the objective built environment and physical activity. The role of depressed mood in these associations is poorly understood. We examined the degree to which depressive symptoms moderated indirect associations between the objective neighborhood environment and physical activity via the perceived neighborhood environment in older women...
August 6, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Joseph Firth, Tine Van Damme, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Depression is common and burdensome in adolescents. Understanding modifiable environmental risk factors is essential. There is evidence that physical activity is protective of depression. However, the impact of sedentary behavior (SB) on depression is relatively under-researched especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In this cross-sectional study, we explored the association between SB and depressive symptoms in adolescents from 30 LMICs, controlling for confounders including physical activity...
August 8, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Hong-Jie Yu, Fang Li, Yong-Feng Hu, Chang-Feng Li, Xu-Hao Yang, Shuai Yuan, Yao Huang, Bo-Wen Tang, Jie Gong, Qi-Qiang He
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing and psychological disorder is a common comorbidity of obesity. We investigated the associations of physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable (FV) intake with well-being and depressive symptoms among obese schoolchildren. METHODS: Participants included 188 obese children aged 9.8 ± 0.7 years living in Wuhan, China. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect the children's PA and FV intake information...
August 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
Lianne Pope, Cristina Arrigoni, Hubing Lou, Clifford Bryant, Alejandra Gallardo-Godoy, Adam R Renslo, Daniel L Minor
K2P potassium channels generate leak currents that stabilize the resting membrane potential of excitable cells. Various K2Ps are implicated in pain, ischemia, depression, migraine, and anesthetic responses, making this family an attractive target for small molecule modulator development efforts. BL-1249, a compound from the fenamate class of non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs is known to activate K2P2.1 (TREK-1), the founding member of the thermo- and mechanosensitive TREK subfamily; however, its mechanism of action and effects on other K2Ps are not well-defined...
August 8, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Juliana Lustosa Torres, Erico Castro-Costa, Juliana Vaz de Melo Mambrini, Sérgio William Viana Peixoto, Breno Satler de Oliveira Diniz, Cesar de Oliveira, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa
Psychosocial factors appear to be associated with increased risk of disability in later life. However, there is a lack of evidence based on long-term longitudinal data from Western low-middle income countries. We investigated whether psychosocial factors at baseline predict new-onset disability in long term in a population-based cohort of older Brazilians adults. We used 15-year follow-up data from 1,014 participants aged 60 years and older of the Bambuí (Brazil) Cohort Study of Aging. Limitations on activities of daily living (ADL) were measured annually, comprising 9,252 measures...
August 6, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Eun Ju Lim
Background: The prevalence of functional disability is very high among elderly people. Malnourished individuals are less likely to recover from limited mobility and have higher risk of deterioration of functional disability. This study investigated factors influencing mobility relative to nutritional status in elderly women with diabetes mellitus. Methods: We analyzed data of 464 elderly women with diabetes mellitus, obtained from the 2014 cross-sectional survey of the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs...
June 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Fausto Roila, Guglielmo Fumi, Benedetta Ruggeri, Andrea Antonuzzo, Carla Ripamonti, Sonia Fatigoni, Luigi Cavanna, Stefania Gori, Alessandra Fabi, Nicola Marzano, Claudio Graiff, Vitaliana De Sanctis, Aurora Mirabile, Samantha Serpentini, Chiara Bocci, Maria Simona Pino, Giuseppina Cilenti, Claudio Verusio, Enzo Ballatori
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is one of the most distressing symptoms of cancer patients. Its characteristics and impact on quality of life have not been fully explored and treatment of cancer-related fatigue in Italian oncological centers has not been codified. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on all patients attending for any reason the 24 participating centers in two non-consecutive days. Patients with fatigue filled out the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) questionnaire and reported any pharmacological or non-pharmacological treatment for fatigue...
August 6, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Ana Kantorowski, Emily S Wan, Diana Homsy, Reema Kadri, Caroline R Richardson, Marilyn L Moy
Determinants of change in physical activity and outcomes of physical activity promotion are unclear. In this secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial of a physical activity intervention, we assess predictors of change in physical activity and the effects of increasing physical activity on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) measures. Physical activity was promoted in 94 subjects with COPD using the Omron HJ-720ITC pedometer alone or the pedometer plus a website that provides goal setting, feedback, motivational and educational messages, and social support for 3 months...
July 2018: ERJ Open Research
Syaron Basnet, Ilona Merikanto, Tuuli Lahti, Satu Männistö, Tiina Laatikainen, Erkki Vartiainen, Timo Partonen
The seasonal pattern for mood and behaviour, the behavioural trait of morningness-eveningness, and sleep are interconnected features, that may serve as etiological factors in the development or exacerbation of medical conditions. Methods: The study was based on a random sample of inhabitants aged 25 to 74 years living in Finland. As part of the national FINRISK 2012 study participants were invited (n=9905) and asked whether the doctor had diagnosed or treated them during the past 12 months for chronic diseases...
March 2018: Sleep Science
Julia Elizabeth Mason, Daniel Marc LeBouthillier, Gordon J G Asmundson
Poor health outcomes associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may reflect engagement in unhealthy behaviors that increase morbidity risk and disengagement in healthy behaviors that decrease morbidity risk. Although research supports this pattern, findings are not definitive, particularly for healthy behaviors. Many studies have not controlled for effects of concurrent generalized anxiety and depression, which might explain conflicting findings. To address this limitation, we used an online cross-sectional research design and multivariate multilevel modelling to evaluate associations between a multitude of health behaviors (i...
August 7, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Marc J Weigensberg, Donna Spruijt-Metz, Cheng K Fred Wen, Jaimie N Davis, Quintilia Àvila, Magaly Juarez, Niquelle Brown Wadé, Christianne J Lane
Innovative lifestyle interventions are needed to reduce type 2 diabetes risk in adolescents. This report describes the protocol of the Imagine HEALTH cluster randomized control trial, that tests an intervention based in Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and uses lifestyle education combined with the mind-body, complementary health modality of guided imagery (GI), to address obesity prevention and treatment in predominantly Latino adolescents. The primary aim is to determine the unique effects of each of the three major components of the 12-week lifestyle intervention (lifestyle education, stress reduction guided imagery, and lifestyle behavior guided imagery) compared to control on primary outcomes of physical activity (accelerometry), dietary intake (3-day recall), and stress biomarker levels (salivary cortisol)...
August 1, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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