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physical activity and depression

Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Elvira Lara, Mathieu Vandenbulcke, Nathalie Swinnen, Ai Koyanagi
OBJECTIVE: Despite the benefits of being active for people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) on cognition and the acknowledgement that MCI is a critical period for intervening to prevent dementia, little is known about the actual sedentary levels in people with MCI. This study investigates correlates of sedentary behavior (SB) in people with MCI. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health were analyzed...
October 16, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
George Michas, George Karvelas, Athanasios Trikas
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a significant and ever-growing problem in Europe, accounting for nearly 45% of all deaths and leading to significant morbidity. Greece is one of the European Union member states that top the list of deaths due to ischemic heart disease and stroke, a fact that is mainly attributed to unfavorable changes in modifiable risk factors. The aim of this review is to examine the latest evidence on the most important CVD risk factors. According to studies conducted during the last two decades, the prevalence of arterial hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitus, and obesity remained relatively stable or increased...
October 12, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
Courtney Wynne Hess, Justin Karter, Lisa Cosgrove, Laura Hayden
In 2016, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommended routine depression screening for individuals aged 13 and above. Questionnaire-based screening will likely increase treatment in patients with milder symptoms. Although professional groups who develop clinical practice guidelines recognize the importance of considering the risks and benefits of interventions, no official mandate exists for a stepped-care approach. Physical activity warrants increased consideration in guidelines, given the optimal risk/benefit profile and the increasing evidence of efficacy for the treatment and prevention of depression...
October 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Paolo Fais, Jennifer Paola Pascali, Maria Carla Mazzotti, Guido Viel, Chiara Palazzo, Giovanni Cecchetto, Massimo Montisci, Susi Pelotti
Major interplaying causes of heat stroke (HS) and fatal hyperthermia are climate, physical activity, artificial extreme ambient temperatures, confinement in a small compartment, and effects of drugs and chemicals, combined with predispositions and complications. A common and unfortunate cause of HS is vehicular hyperthermia (VH) death. Hyperthermia in a vehicle is a type of environmental thermal disorder, involving victim's susceptibility, confinement with restraint, and possible influences of drugs and poisons, including exhaust gas containing complex fumes, carbon dioxide and monoxide...
September 29, 2018: Forensic Science International
Mats Hallgren, Thi-Thuy-Dung Nguyen, Andreas Lundin, Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Felipe Schuch, Rino Bellocco, Ylva Trolle Lagerros
Regular physical activity (PA) appears to protect against the emergence of depression, but prospective studies linked to clinician diagnoses of major depressive disorder (MDD) remain scarce. It is also unclear whether PA levels recommended for general health are prospectively related to depression onset. We explored these relationships in a cohort of adults followed over 13 years. In total, 43,863 Swedish adults were surveyed in 1997 and responses linked to clinician-diagnosed MDD obtained from specialist medical registers until 2010...
October 11, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Nils Haller, Sonja Lorenz, Daniel Pfirrmann, Cora Koch, Klaus Lieb, Ulrich Dettweiler, Perikles Simon, Patrick Jung
BACKGROUND: Due to the high prevalence of depressive disorders, it is mandatory to develop therapeutic strategies that provide universal access and require limited financial and human resources. Web-based therapeutic approaches fulfill these conditions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of a supervised, individualized 8-week Web-based exercise intervention conducted for patients with moderate to severe depression...
October 12, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Ting Fu, Hui-Juan Guang, Xiang-Zhuan Gao
This retrospective study investigated the effectiveness of percutaneous nerve electrical stimulation (PNES) for fatigue caused by chemotherapy for cervical cancer survivors.Totally, 83 cases of fatigue caused by chemotherapy for cervical cancer survivors were analyzed. All these cases were assigned to a treatment group (n = 43), and a control group (n = 40). Patients in the treatment group received PNES, while the subjects in the control group were on waiting list. The treatment was applied once daily for a total of 6 weeks...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Elena Aguilar-Aguilar, Helena Marcos-Pasero, Rocío de la Iglesia, Isabel Espinosa-Salinas, Ana Ramírez de Molina, Guillermo Reglero, Viviana Loria-Kohen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is a complex, acquired, chronic syndrome of multifactorial etiology with multiple symptoms. The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional habits, dietary characteristics and physical activity, as well as their determinants, of a population diagnosed with MCS, which may allow for a more precise approach to nutritional improvement. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A descriptive, cross-sectional study in patients diagnosed with MCS...
October 8, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
Tobias Bracht, Sarah Steinau, Andrea Federspiel, Christoph Schneider, Roland Wiest, Sebastian Walther
Psychomotor retardation and reduced daily activities are core features of the depressive syndrome including bipolar disorder (BD). It was the aim of this study to investigate white matter microstructure of the motor system in BD during depression and its association with motor activity. We hypothesized reduced physical activity, microstructural alterations of motor tracts and different associations between activity levels and motor tract microstructure in BD. Nineteen bipolar patients with a current depressive episode (BD) and 19 healthy controls (HC) underwent diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI)-scans...
October 1, 2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Isabel Rodríguez-Sánchez, Esther García-Esquinas, Arthur E Mesas, José María Martín-Moreno, Leocadio Rodríguez-Mañas, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
Background: the association between pain characteristics and frailty risk is uncertain. Objective: to investigate the separate impact of the frequency, intensity and location of pain on frailty risk and its possible mechanisms. Methods: prospective cohort of 1505 individuals ≥63 years followed between 2012 and 2015 in Spain. In 2012, pain was classified into: lowest pain (Score 0), middle pain (Score 1-4) and highest pain (Score 5-6). Incident frailty was assessed in 2015 as having ≥3 Fried criteria or a Frailty Index (FI) ≥0...
October 11, 2018: Age and Ageing
Linda Teri, Rebecca G Logsdon, Susan M McCurry, Kenneth C Pike, Ellen L McGough
Background and Objectives: Effective community-based programs to maintain health and well-being of adults with dementia are needed. This article describes the translation, implementation, and effectiveness of a multicomponent exercise plus behavioral/psychosocial intervention (Reducing Disability in Alzheimer's Disease-NorthWest [RDAD-NW]) conducted by staff in regional Area Agencies on Aging (AAAs). Research Design and Methods : Staggered multiple baseline design was used; 10 AAAs, 20 case managers, and 255 community-residing persons with dementia (PWDs), and family caregivers were enrolled...
October 9, 2018: Gerontologist
Michaela C Pascoe, Alexandra G Parker
AIM: The aim of this narrative summary was to examine the efficacy of physical activity and exercise as a universal prevention for depression in young people. METHODS: We conducted a search of the literature in the open-access evidence database of controlled trials and systematic reviews in youth mental health, an initiative between Orygen, The National Centre of Excellence in Youth Mental Health and headspace, National Youth Mental Health Foundation. In April 2018, we searched for all papers published between 1980 and 2017 relating to "Depressive Disorder" under the "Universal Prevention" illness stage and classified as "Physical activity/Exercise" under the treatment/intervention classification...
October 10, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Egle Tamuleviciute-Prasciene, Kristina Drulyte, Greta Jurenaite, Raimondas Kubilius, Birna Bjarnason-Wehrens
The aim of this literature review was to evaluate existing evidence on exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) as a treatment option for elderly frail patients with valvular heart disease (VHD). Pubmed database was searched for articles between 1980 and January 2018. From 2623 articles screened, 61 on frailty and VHD and 12 on exercise-based training for patients with VHD were included in the analysis. We studied and described frailty assessment in this patient population. Studies reporting results of exercise training in patients after surgical/interventional VHD treatment were analyzed regarding contents and outcomes...
2018: BioMed Research International
Stéphanie Baggio, Marc Dupuis, Hans Wolff, Patrick Bodenmann
OBJECTIVES: In countries with universal health coverage (UHC), national public health insurances cover 70% of health expenditures on average, but health care user fees and out-of-pocket expenditures have been neglected in empirical patient-centered health inequality research. This study is the first to investigate how health care-related factors are associated with health status among middle-aged and elderly people-vulnerable groups for the burden of illness-in countries with UHC. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational cohort study...
2018: PloS One
Robert D Salazar, Emma Weizenbaum, Terry D Ellis, Gammon M Earhart, Matthew P Ford, Leland E Dibble, Alice Cronin-Golomb
OBJECTIVE: The burden of PD extends beyond physical limitations and includes significant psychosocial adjustments as individuals undergo changes to their self-perception and how others perceive them. There is limited quantitative evidence of the factors that contribute to self-perceived stigma, which we addressed in the present study. METHODS: In 362 individuals with PD (157 women, 205 men), self-perceived stigma was measured by the four-item stigma subscale of the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39)...
September 25, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Theresa A Koleck, Niurka Suero-Tejeda, Suzanne Bakken
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the Latino symptom experience and how symptoms influence participation in usual activities and satisfaction with participation in social roles. METHOD: Secondary analysis of survey data collected in community and clinic settings was conducted. Data were collected using Health-Related Quality of Life 30-day items and Patient Reported Outcome Measurement System symptom status scales. Descriptive statistics and univariate linear and multiple linear regression models were computed...
October 9, 2018: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
Joane Matta, Nicolas Hoertel, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Marie Plesz, Emmanuel Wiernik, Claire Carette, Sébastien Czernichow, Frédéric Limosin, Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins, Cédric Lemogne
BACKGROUND: The association between depression and the metabolic syndrome remains poorly understood. Diet and physical activity may partly explain this association. METHODS: Baseline data on 64,861 subjects from the French population-based Constances cohort was analyzed. Depressive symptoms were determined with the Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale. A CES-D score ≥ 19 combined with self-reported limitations related to depressive symptoms was used to define depression...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Martijn van Beers, Daisy J A Janssen, Harry R Gosker, Annemie M W J Schols
Cognitive impairment (CI) is an important but an under-recognized extra-pulmonary feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is related to the burden of disability, worse health outcomes and impaired self-management. Areas covered: CI includes deterioration of a wide range of cognitive functions, such as memory and various executive functions. Risk of hospitalization might be higher in patients with COPD compared to those without, with CI negatively impacting the wellbeing of patients with COPD...
October 8, 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
Marcus Yu Bin Pai, Thais Tavares Terranova, Marcel Simis, Felipe Fregni, Linamara Rizzo Battistella
Neurologic disorders such as stroke and cerebral palsy are leading causes of long-term disability and can lead to severe incapacity and restriction of daily activities due to lower and upper limb impairments. Intensive physical and occupational therapy are still considered main treatments, but new adjunct therapies to standard rehabilitation that may optimize functional outcomes are being studied. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a noninvasive brain stimulation technique that polarizes underlying brain regions through the application of weak direct currents through electrodes on the scalp, modulating cortical excitability...
September 23, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Yukako Nakagami, Genichi Sugihara, Nori Takei, Takao Fujii, Motomu Hashimoto, Kosaku Murakami, Moritoshi Furu, Hiromu Ito, Miyabi Uda, Mie Torii, Kazuko Nin, Toshiya Murai, Tsuneyo Mimori
OBJECTIVE: Pain is one of the main complaints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Pain in RA is caused by specific physical changes, such as joint destruction, and is therefore used as a disease activity marker. Although pain can also be influenced by emotional factors, neither the effect of emotional health nor the indirect effect of physical state mediated by emotional health on pain has been quantified. METHODS: A total of 548 patients with RA participated...
October 8, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
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