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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143682/using-the-lives-saved-tool-to-aid-country-planning-in-meeting-mortality-targets-a-case-study-from-mali
#1
Youssouf Keita, Hamadoun Sangho, Timothy Roberton, Emilia Vignola, Mariam Traoré, Melinda Munos
BACKGROUND: Mali is one of four countries implementing a National Evaluation Platform (NEP) to build local capacity to answer evaluation questions for maternal, newborn, child health and nutrition (MNCH&N). In 2014-15, NEP-Mali addressed questions about the potential impact of Mali's MNCH&N plans and strategies, and identified priority interventions to achieve targeted mortality reductions. METHODS: The NEP-Mali team modeled the potential impact of three intervention packages in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) from 2014 to 2023...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141590/health-nutrition-and-development-of-children-born-preterm-and-low-birth-weight-in-rural-rwanda-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Catherine M Kirk, Jean Claude Uwamungu, Kim Wilson, Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Neo Tapela, Peter Niyigena, Christian Rusangwa, Merab Nyishime, Evrard Nahimana, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Christine Mutaganzwa, Eric Ngabireyimana, Francis Mutabazi, Hema Magge
BACKGROUND: As care for preterm and low birth weight (LBW) infants improves in resource-limited settings, more infants are surviving the neonatal period. Preterm and (LBW) infants are at high-risk of nutritional and medical comorbidities, yet little is known about their developmental outcomes in low-income countries. This study evaluated the health, nutritional, and developmental status of preterm/LBW children at ages 1-3 years in Rwanda. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of preterm/LBW infants discharged between October 2011 and October 2013 from a hospital neonatal unit in rural Rwanda...
November 15, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131919/breast-feeding-friendly-but-not-formula-averse
#3
Juanita Lewis
Breast-feeding is the optimal source of newborn nutrition in term infants and is associated with multiple short- and long-term health benefits. Establishment of breast-feeding may be difficult in a small subset of mothers, which can lead to adverse consequences in the newborn. Some of the consequences of suboptimal nutritional provision to the newborn, such as severe hyperbilirubinemia and breast-feeding-associated hypernatremic dehydration, can have devastating and long-lasting sequelae. Timely identification of mothers and newborns at risk for developing these complications is necessary to avoid significant morbidity and mortality...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121495/energy-expenditure-growth-and-nutritional-therapy-in-appropriate-and-small-for-gestational-age-preterm-infants
#4
Andrea Dunshee de Abranches, Fernanda Valente Mendes Soares, Letícia Duarte Villela, Maria Dalva Barbosa Barker Méio, Olivia Araújo Zin, Saint-Clair Gomes Junior, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the resting energy expenditure, growth, and quantity of energy and macronutrients intake in a group of preterm newborns. METHODS: The cohort study was performed with appropriate and small for gestational age preterm infants (birth weight lower than 1500g or gestational age<32 weeks). Resting energy expenditure was measured using indirect calorimetry on the 7th, 14th, 21st, and 28th days of life, and at discharge. Length, head circumference and body weight were assessed weekly...
November 6, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102876/maternal-high-fat-diet-induces-sex-specific-endocannabinoid-system-changes-in-newborn-rats-and-programs-adiposity-energy-expenditure-and-food-preference-in-adulthood
#5
Camilla P Dias-Rocha, Mariana M Almeida, Erika M Santana, Julia C B Costa, Juliana G Franco, Carmen C Pazos-Moura, Isis H Trevenzoli
Early life inadequate nutrition triggers developmental adaptations and adult chronic disease. Maternal high-fat (HF) diet promotes visceral obesity and hypothalamic leptin resistance in male rat offspring at weaning and adulthood. Obesity is related to over active endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS consists mainly of endogenous ligands, cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2), and the enzymes fatty acid anandamide hydrolase (FAAH) and monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL). We hypothesized that perinatal maternal HF diet would regulate offspring ECS in hypothalamus and brown adipose tissue (BAT) at birth, prior to visceral obesity development, and program food preference and energy expenditure of adult offspring...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099606/comparison-of-nutrition-and-lung-function-outcomes-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-living-in-canada-and-the-united-states
#6
Christopher H Goss, Jenna Sykes, Sanja Stanojevic, Bruce Marshall, Kristofer Petren, Josh Ostrenga, Aliza Fink, Alexander Elbert, Bradley S Quon, Anne L Stephenson
RATIONALE: A 10-year gap in the median age of survival for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) was reported between patients living in Canada compared with the US. OBJECTIVES: Since both malnutrition and poor lung function are associated with an increased risk of mortality in CF, we investigated the temporal and longitudinal trends in lung function and nutrition between Canada and the US. METHODS: This cohort study used Canadian CF Registry and US CF Foundation Patient Registry data from 1990 to 2013...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095015/-impact-of-pasteurization-freeze-drying-on-available-immunoglobulin-content-of-the-mature-human-milk-use-in-human-milk-banking-of-hospitals
#7
Jorge Castro Albarrán, Rosa Elena Navarro Hernández, Josué R Solís Pacheco, Itza Carmina Salazar Quiñones, Griselda G Macías López, Juan Carlos Barrera de León, Blanca Rosa Aguilar Uscanga
INTRODUCTION: This study analyzes the effect on the content of immunoglobulins and C3 complement of freeze drying after pasteurization by three different methods in mature human milk (MHM). OBJECTIVE: Freeze drying is proposed as a complementary method for the maintenance of MHM therapeutic properties with greater validity. METHODS: This was a descriptive study in which MHM samples were obtained. Next, aliquots of the samples obtained were pasteurized by three methods: 62...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083070/breastfeeding-and-autoimmunity-programing-health-from-the-beginning
#8
REVIEW
Vânia Vieira Borba, Kassem Sharif, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Breast milk is not only a completely adapted nutrition source for the newborn but also an impressive array of immune-active molecules that afford protection against infections and shape mucosal immune responses. Decisive imprinting events might be modulated during the first months of life with potential health long-term effects, enhancing the importance of breastfeeding as a major influence on the immune system correct development and modifying disease susceptibility. The aim of this review was to clarify the link between breastfeeding and autoimmune diseases, inquiring the related mechanisms, based on data available in the literature...
October 30, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049303/a-mediterranean-diet-with-additional-extra-virgin-olive-oil-and-pistachios-reduces-the-incidence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-a-randomized-controlled-trial-the-st-carlos-gdm-prevention-study
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carla Assaf-Balut, Nuria García de la Torre, Alejandra Durán, Manuel Fuentes, Elena Bordiú, Laura Del Valle, Cristina Familiar, Ana Ortolá, Inés Jiménez, Miguel A Herraiz, Nuria Izquierdo, Noelia Perez, María J Torrejon, María I Ortega, Francisco J Illana, Isabelle Runkle, Maria P de Miguel, Carmen Montañez, Ana Barabash, Martín Cuesta, Miguel A Rubio, Alfonso L Calle-Pascual
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevalence is increasing and becoming a major public health concern. Whether a Mediterranean diet can help prevent GDM in unselected pregnant women has yet to be studied. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the incidence of GDM with two different dietary models. All consecutive normoglycemic (<92 mg/dL) pregnant women at 8-12 gestational weeks (GW) were assigned to Intervention Group (IG, n = 500): MedDiet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and pistachios; or Control Group (CG, n = 500): standard diet with limited fat intake...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048412/parental-assessment-of-comfort-in-newborns-affected-by-life-limiting-conditions-treated-by-a-standardized-neonatal-comfort-care-program
#10
E Parravicini, M Daho', G Foe, R Steinwurtzel, M Byrne
OBJECTIVE: To assess the perception of parents concerning the state of comfort maintained in their infants born with life-limiting conditions and treated by a standardized neonatal comfort care program. STUDY DESIGN: Participants were parents (n=35 families) who elected comfort care for their newborns diagnosed with life-limiting conditions. Standardized comfort measures including family/infant bonding, warmth, nutrition/hydration and pain/discomfort management were provided to all infants...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044558/adolescent-pregnancy-and-nutrition-a-subgroup-analysis-from-the-mamachiponde-study-in-malawi
#11
Alyssa Friebert, Meghan Callaghan-Gillespie, Peggy C Papathakis, Mark J Manary
Young age at childbearing (≤19 years) is common and associated with poor birth outcomes. A trial among Malawian pregnant women with moderate malnutrition was used to determine outcomes of young adolescents (≤18 years), older adolescents (18-20 years), and adults (>20 years). Women received one of three supplementary foods that provided ∼900 kcal/day and 33-36 g protein/day and returned every 2 weeks. Newborn/maternal measurements were taken at delivery and after 6 and 12 weeks. Upon enrollment, adolescents had greater body mass index than adults (19...
October 16, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027951/effects-of-maternal-low-energy-diet-during-gestation-on-intestinal-morphology-disaccharidase-activity-and-immune-response-to-lipopolysaccharide-challenge-in-pig-offspring
#12
Yuling Chen, Daolin Mou, Liang Hu, Jie Zhen, Lianqiang Che, Zhengfeng Fang, Shengyu Xu, Yan Lin, Bin Feng, Jian Li, De Wu
Maternal nutrition during gestation is involved in the offspring's intestinal development and immunity. The aim of this study was to (1) determine the effects of maternal energy on intestinal digestion and absorption function in offspring, using pigs as a model; and (2) to evaluate the potential effect and mechanisms of maternal energy in modulating immune responses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged piglets. After mating, thirty-six nine-parity sows (Landrace × Yorkshire), body weight (BW) (initial body weight 233...
October 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019855/bovine-colostrum-for-preterm-infants-in-the-first-days-of-life-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#13
Sandra Meinich Juhl, Xuqiang Ye, Ping Zhou, Yanqi Li, Elisabeth Omolabake Iyore, Lixia Zhang, Pingping Jiang, Johannes B van Goudoever, Gorm Greisen, Per Torp Sangild
OBJECTIVES: Mother's own milk (MM) is the best nutrition for newborn preterm infants, but is often limited in supply just after birth. Pasteurized human donor milk (DM), and especially preterm infant formula (IF) are less optimal diets than MM. We hypothesized that it is feasible to use bovine colostrum (BC), the first milk from cows, as a supplement to MM, during the first weeks after preterm birth. METHODS: In an open-label, randomized, controlled pilot safety trial, supplementation of MM with BC was compared with DM supplementation (Danish unit) or IF supplementation (Chinese unit)...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977333/vitamin-e-in-human-milk-and-its-relation-to-the-nutritional-requirement-of-the-term-newborn
#14
Anna Larissa Cortês da Silva, Karla Danielly da Silva Ribeiro, Larisse Rayanne Miranda de Melo, Dalila Fernandes Bezerra, Jaluza Luana Carvalho de Queiroz, Mayara Santa Rosa Lima, Jeane Franco Pires, Danielle Soares Bezerra, Mônica Maria Osório, Roberto Dimenstein
OBJECTIVES: To determine the alpha-tocopherol concentration in breast milk at different periods of lactation and to estimate the possible supply of vitamin E to the infant. METHODS: A longitudinal observational study was carried out with 100 mothers at University Hospital Ana Bezerra (HUAB), at Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, in Santa Cruz (RN), Northeast Brazil. Samples of colostrum (n=100), transitional milk (n=77), and mature milk (n=63) were collected...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968527/prenatal-exposure-to-mercury-and-longitudinally-assessed-fetal-growth-relation-and-effect-modifiers
#15
Ferran Ballester, Carmen Iñiguez, Mario Murcia, Mònica Guxens, Mikel Basterretxea, Marisa Rebagliato, Jesús Vioque, Aitana Lertxundi, Ana Fernandez-Somoano, Adonina Tardon, Jordi Sunyer, Sabrina Llop
BACKGROUND: Prenatal mercury exposure has been related to reductions in anthropometry at birth. Levels of mercury have been reported as being relatively elevated in the Spanish population. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between prenatal exposure to mercury and fetal growth. METHODS: Study subjects were pregnant women and their newborns (n:1867) participating in a population-based birth cohort study set up in four Spanish regions from the INMA Project...
September 28, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952343/decisions-regarding-newborn-feeding-by-latina-mothers
#16
Amy Jones, Lara Reller, James Knowles, Feng-Chang Lin, Jacob Lohr
This study examined the factors that influence Latina mothers' decisions to initiate breastfeeding, formula feeding, or both, and when a given neonatal feeding method is decided, in order to assess the optimum time for healthcare providers to discuss nutrition decisions. A Spanish-speaking health care provider orally administered a 24-question survey to self-identified Latina mothers in the Newborn Nursery at North Carolina Children's Hospital after delivery. A total of 152 Latina mothers, aged 17 to 43 years, were interviewed from September 2014 to September 2015...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948951/research-priorities-in-maternal-newborn-child-health-nutrition-for-india-an-indian-council-of-medical-research-inclen-initiative
#17
Narendra K Arora, Soumya Swaminathan, Archisman Mohapatra, Hema S Gopalan, Vishwa M Katoch, Maharaj K Bhan, Reeta Rasaily, Chander Shekhar, Vasantha Thavaraj, Malabika Roy, Manoja K Das, Kerri Wazny, Rakesh Kumar, Ajay Khera, Neerja Bhatla, Vanita Jain, Avula Laxmaiah, M K C Nair, Vinod K Paul, Prema Ramachandran, Siddharth Ramji, Umesh Vaidya, I C Verma, Dheeraj Shah, Rajiv Bahl, Shamim Qazi, Igor Rudan, Robert E Black
In India, research prioritization in Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health and Nutrition (MNCHN) themes has traditionally involved only a handful of experts mostly from major cities. The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)-INCLEN collaboration undertook a nationwide exercise engaging faculty from 256 institutions to identify top research priorities in the MNCHN themes for 2016-2025. The Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative method of priority setting was adapted. The context of the exercise was defined by a National Steering Group (NSG) and guided by four Thematic Research Subcommittees...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941389/vitamin-a-nutritional-status-in-high-and-low-income-postpartum-women-and-its-effect-on-colostrum-and-the-requirements-of-the-term-newborn
#18
Cristiane Santos Sânzio Gurgel, Evellyn C Grilo, Larissa Q Lira, Débora G F Assunção, Priscila G Oliveira, Larisse R M de Melo, Silvia V de Medeiros, Luanna C Pessanha, Roberto Dimenstein, Clélia O Lyra
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the vitamin A status in serum and colostrum of postpartum women with different socioeconomic status, comparing the colostrum retinol supply with the vitamin A requirement of the newborn. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted with 424 postpartum women. Vitamin A maternal dietary intake was estimated using a food frequency questionnaire. Colostrum and serum retinol levels were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Serum retinol concentrations <20μg/dL were indicative of vitamin A deficiency (VAD)...
September 20, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937236/impact-of-early-aggressive-nutrition-on-retinal-development-in-premature-infants
#19
N Lenhartova, K Matasova, Z Lasabova, K Javorka, A Calkovska
The normal retinal development is interrupted by preterm birth and a retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) may develop as its consequence. ROP is characterized by aberrant vessel formation in the retina as a response to multiple risk factors influencing the process of retinal angiogenesis. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) play an important role in the process of normal retinal vascularization. Insufficient nutrition during the first 4 postnatal weeks results in low serum levels of IGF-1, which is essential for correct retinal vessels formation, ensuring survival of the newly formed endothelial cells...
September 22, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937036/socioeconomic-and-environmental-determinants-to-preterm-birth-in-tibetan-women-an-analysis-based-on-the-hierarchically-conceptual-frame
#20
Xiao-Jing Fan, Jian-Min Gao, Yi-Jun Kang, Shao-Nong Dang, Wei-Hua Wang, Hong Yan, Duo-Lao Wang
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a common cause of death in newborns and may result from many determinants, but evidence for the socioeconomic and environmental determinants of preterm birth in Tibetan women of childbearing age is limited. The aim of this study was to understand the current status of preterm birth in native Tibetan women and investigate the socioeconomic and environmental determinants. METHODS: Data were drawn from a cohort study which was conducted from August 2006 to August 2012 in rural Lhasa, Tibet, China...
October 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
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