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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775962/preterm-birth-and-oxidative-stress-effects-of-acute-physical-exercise-and-hypoxia-physiological-responses
#1
Agnès Martin, Camille Faes, Tadej Debevec, Chantal Rytz, Grégoire Millet, Vincent Pialoux
Preterm birth is a global health issue that can induce lifelong medical sequela. Presently, at least one in ten newborns are born prematurely. At birth, preterm newborns exhibit higher levels of oxidative stress (OS) due to the inability to face the oxygen rich environment in which they are born into. Moreover, their immature respiratory, digestive, immune and antioxidant defense systems, as well as the potential numerous medical interventions following a preterm birth, such as oxygen resuscitation, nutrition, phototherapy and blood transfusion further contribute to high levels of OS...
May 1, 2018: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764294/impact-of-muslim-opinion-leaders-training-of-healthcare-providers-on-the-uptake-of-mnch-services-in-northern-nigeria
#2
Judith-Ann Walker, Yahaya Hashim, Nelson Oranye
Expanding access to maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) services in traditional societies is a public health challenge, often complicated by cultural and religious beliefs about what is permitted or not permitted within a faith group. This is particularly true in the Muslim majority North of Nigeria, where deep suspicions of Western public health programmes, coupled with failing and underfunded health system, have led to the emergence of a new generation of Muslim Opinion Leaders (MOLs) with counter-narratives against family planning, immunisation and nutrition programmes...
May 15, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762472/weaning-time-in-preterm-infants-an-audit-of-italian-primary-care-paediatricians
#3
Maria Elisabetta Baldassarre, Antonio Di Mauro, Annarita Pedico, Valentina Rizzo, Manuela Capozza, Fabio Meneghin, Gianluca Lista, Nicola Laforgia
INTRODUCTION: According to the 2016 Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) data in Italy, about 6.7% of all newborns are born prematurely. Due to the lack of data on current complementary feeding in preterm infants in Italy, the aim of the survey was to evaluate individual attitudes of primary care paediatricians, concerning the introduction of complementary foods in preterm infants. METHODS: An internet-based survey was conducted among primary care paediatricians, working in Italy, regarding (1) timing of the introduction of complementary foods to preterm newborns; (2) type of complementary foods introduced; (3) vitamin D and iron supplementations...
May 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760355/interventions-integrating-non-communicable-disease-prevention-and-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-a-systematic-review
#4
Kimiyo Kikuchi, Rakesh Ayer, Sumiyo Okawa, Mariko Nishikitani, Fumihiko Yokota, Masamine Jimba, Naoki Nakashima
Reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) care services could be critical entry points for preventing non-communicable diseases in women and children. In high-income countries, non-communicable diseases screening has been integrated into both the medical and public health systems. To integrate these services in low- and middle-income countries, it is necessary to closely examine its effectiveness and feasibility. In this systematic review, we evaluated the effectiveness of integrating gestational and non-gestational non-communicable diseases interventions and RMNCH care among women and children in low- and middle-income countries...
2018: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751785/low-birth-weight-among-term-newborns-in-wolaita-sodo-town-south-ethiopia-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#5
Samson Kastro, Tsegaye Demissie, Bereket Yohannes
BACKGROUND: In low income countries, many low birth weight newborns often miss the chance for survival sooner or later. Others who survive would also face increased risks in later life. Though not adequately documented in Ethiopia, maternal factors pose the main risk. This study was aimed to estimate the proportion of low birth weight among term singletons without congenital malformations and factors associated with it in Wolaita Sodo town in South Ethiopia. METHODS: We did a facility based survey involving 432 postpartum women with their term newborns...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746751/-vaccination-coverage-and-proportion-of-incomplete-vaccination-schedule-in-children-under-seven-years-of-age-in-mexico
#6
José Luis Díaz-Ortega, Luis Pablo Cruz-Hervert, Elizabeth Ferreira-Guerrero, Leticia D Ferreyra-Reyes, Guadalupe Delgado-Sánchez, María de Lourdes García-García
OBJECTIVE: To assess vaccination coverage in children under seven years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study based on the Halfway National Health and Nutrition Survey (Ensanut MC 2016). RESULTS: Full vaccination coverage in children <1 year was 51.7%, (range: 67.6% [pentavalent (PV)] to 93.9% [BCG]), in those aged 12-23 months was 53.9% (range: 68.5% [MMR] to 98.3% [BCG]) and in those 24-35 months was 63.2% (range: 85.3% [pneumococcal]) to 98...
May 2018: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723725/evaluating-effects-of-prenatal-exposure-to-phthalates-on-neonatal-birth-weight-structural-equation-model-approaches
#7
Qi Song, Ruzhi Li, Yan Zhao, Qingyang Zhu, Bin Xia, Shangqin Chen, Yunhui Zhang
BACKGROUND: A large body of evidence has shown that phthalate exposure can lower birth weight in animals and human beings. However, there are only limited data on whether phthalates could affect birth weight directly or indirectly through gestational age and pregnancy syndrome. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of prenatal exposure to phthalates on birth weight in neonates and the mediation effects of gestational age and pregnancy syndrome on the association between phthalate exposure and birth weight...
April 21, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723237/association-of-maternal-nutrition-with-transient-neonatal-hyperinsulinism
#8
Mathilde Louvigne, Stephanie Rouleau, Emmanuelle Caldagues, Isabelle Souto, Yanis Montcho, Audrey Migraine Bouvagnet, Olivier Baud, Jean Claude Carel, Geraldine Gascoin, Regis Coutant
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether maternal nutritional factors are associated with transient neonatal hyperinsulinism (HI). DESIGN AND SETTING: Case control study in 4 French tertiary Obstetrics and Neonatology Departments between 2008 and 2015. METHODS: Sixty-seven mothers of neonates diagnosed with transient hyperinsulinism and 113 mothers of controls were included. The screening for hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in neonates was performed because of clinical symptoms suggestive of hypoglycemia or in the presence of conventional risk factors (small-for-gestational-age, prematurity, anoxo-ischemia, hypothermia, macrosomia, gestational diabetes)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722867/evaluating-the-quality-of-the-processes-of-care-and-clinical-outcomes-of-premature-newborns-admitted-to-neonatal-intensive-care-units-in-mexico
#9
Svetlana V Doubova, Heladia Josefa-García, Irma Alejandra Coronado-Zarco, Sandra Carrera-Muiños, Guadalupe Cordero-Gonzalez, Leonardo Cruz-Reynoso, Leovigildo Mateos-Sanchez, Ana Jesica Maya-García, Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas
Objectives: To develop quality of care (QoC) indicators, evaluate the quality of the processes of care (QPC) and clinical outcomes, and analyze the association between the QPC and severe clinical outcomes of preterm newborns admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Design: Mixed methods approach: (1) development of QoC indicators via modified RAND/UCLA method; (2) cross-sectional study of QoC evaluation and (3) multiple logistic regression analysis to ascertain the association between the QPC and severe clinical outcomes...
April 4, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715193/severe-lactic-acidosis-in-an-extremely-low-birth-weight-infant-due-to-thiamine-deficiency
#10
Hulya Ozdemir, Hulya Bilgen, Zeynep Alp Unkar, Ertugrul Kiykim, Asli Memisoglu, Eren Ozek
BACKGROUND: In this case report, we present a preterm newborn with persistent lactic acidosis who received total parenteral nutrition (TPN) that lacked thiamine. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-week-old, 750 g female infant was born with an Apgar score of 8 at the 5th minute. Umbilical cord blood gas levels, including lactate level, were normal, and she was admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Achieving full enteral feeding was not possible due to gastric residues and abdominal distention, making the patient dependent on TPN during the first 2 weeks of life...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709567/-culture-conditions-for-gametes-and-embryos-which-culture-medium-which-impact-on-newborn
#11
I Koscinski, M Merten, N Kazdar, J-L Guéant
Many studies have examined the impact of cell/embryo culture media on the development of human embryo during IVF process, but few studies have followed up and compared the effects of these culture media on the developmental outcome of children conceived by IVF. As recurrent experimental evidence from animal studies suggests potential long-term effects of embryo culture media on the health outcome of IVF-conceived children, more studies are needed to clarify the role of the culture media and mechanisms underlying such effects...
April 27, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701872/management-of-ready-to-use-parenteral-nutrition-in-newborns-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Karen Daniela Romero Mena, Olga Lucia Pinzón Espitia, José Alejandro Daza Vergara
Parenteral support has increased the possibility of neonatal recovery. However, complications associated with its use have been documented. One commercial method developed to decrease the complications of this type of support is the ready-to-use parenteral nutrition (PN), a 3-chamber bag that provides a complete nutrient mix. This systematic review seeks, through the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses methodology, to establish the benefits in newborns. Seven databases and gray literature were used...
April 27, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700700/mercury-lead-cadmium-and-barium-levels-in-human-breast-milk-and-factors-affecting-their-concentrations-in-hamadan-iran
#13
Aliasghar Vahidinia, Fateme Samiee, Javad Faradmal, Alireza Rahmani, Masoumeh Taravati Javad, Mostafa Leili
Breast milk is considered the best source of nutrition for all infants. However, exposure of newborns to toxic metals is of special interest due to their potential harmful effects. Thus, the primary aims of this study were to determine the concentration of toxic heavy metals including lead, mercury, cadmium, and barium in breast milk samples from Hamadan, Iran, in relation to some sociodemographic variables. A total of 100 breast milk samples were collected and their heavy metal contents were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS)...
April 26, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696044/association-between-newborns-breastfeeding-behaviors-in-the-first-two-hours-after-birth-and-drugs-used-for-their-mothers-in-labor
#14
Zeinab Hemati, Mehri Abdollahi, Saba Broumand, Masoumeh Delaram, Mahboobeh Namnabati, Davood Kiani
Objective: Use of narcotics to relieve pain in labor affects neurobehavioral and nutritional conditions of newborns after birth. However, there are inadequate data on the effects of drugs currently used in labor. This study was performed to examine the association between newborns' breastfeeding behaviors in the first two hours after birth and drugs used for their mothers in labor in Isfahan, central Iran, from 2014 to 2016. Materials & Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 300 women were selected who had vaginal delivery in the Labor and Gynecology Wards of Al-Zahra and Shahid Beheshti hospitals, Isfahan, Iran from 2014 to 2016...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692998/early-diagnosis-from-newborn-screening-maximises-survival-in-severe-cystic-fibrosis
#15
Gloria Tridello, Carlo Castellani, Ilaria Meneghelli, Anna Tamanini, Baroukh M Assael
Newborn screening (NBS) for cystic fibrosis (CF) has been gradually established in several countries, but scant data are available on its long-term effects on survival. Our objective was to evaluate the long-term effects of CF NBS on survival. 586 patients, diagnosed and followed between 1971 and 2014 at the Verona CF Centre were analysed. Eligibility was confirmed in 342 cases diagnosed by NBS, 101 with meconium ileus and 143 through symptoms (44 out of 143 were NBS false negatives). The primary end-point was the 30-year overall survival in patients diagnosed by NBS...
April 2018: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689751/effect-of-standardized-feeding-protocol-on-nutrient-supply-and-postnatal-growth-of-preterm-infants-a-prospective-study
#16
Z Khan, N Morris, H Unterrainer, N Haiden, S J Holasek, B Urlesberger
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a medical emergency and it is becoming evident that adequate nutrition starting in the first hours of life is of major importance for short and even more so for long-term health outcomes of the premature newborn. The aim was to analyze postnatal nutrient supply and growth patterns of preterm infants in response to a standardized feeding protocol during stay at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted at NICU, Children Hospital Graz...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689020/factors-that-influence-human-milk-feeding-at-hospital-discharge-for-preterm-infants-in-a-tertiary-neonatal-care-center-in-taiwan
#17
Chia-Ming Pai, Wai-Tim Jim, Hsiang-Yu Lin, Chyong-Hsin Hsu, Hsin-An Kao, Han-Yang Hung, Chun-Chih Peng, Jui-Hsing Chang
Human milk is considered optimal nutrition for newborn infants, especially preterm infants, and it can lessen morbidity in this population. Human milk feeding at hospital discharge may encourage breastfeeding at home. This study evaluated the incidence and predictive factors of human milk feeding of preterm infants at discharge. It included all preterm infants with gestational age of less than 37 weeks who were admitted to the Mackay Memorial Hospital in Taiwan from January to December 2010 who survived to discharge...
April 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684056/bifidobacteria-isolated-from-vaginal-and-gut-microbiomes-are-indistinguishable-by-comparative-genomics
#18
Aline C Freitas, Janet E Hill
Bifidobacteria colonize the human gastrointestinal tract, vagina, oral cavity and breast milk. They influence human physiology and nutrition through health-promoting effects, play an important role as primary colonizers of the newborn gut, and contribute to vaginal microbiome homeostasis by producing lactic acid. Nevertheless, the mechanisms by which bifidobacteria are transmitted from mother to infant remains in discussion. Moreover, studies have suggested that Bifidobacterium spp. have specializations for gut colonization, but comparisons of strains of the same bifidobacteria species from different body sites are lacking...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683522/magnifying-lenses-to-aid-umbilical-catheter-insertion
#19
Aisling M O'Riordan, Oksana Kozdoba, John Fa Murphy, Lisa K McCarthy
Umbilical venous and arterial catheters are frequently inserted into critically ill and preterm newborns in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to administer fluids, drugs and parenteral nutrition; to monitor blood pressure; and for blood sampling(1). Successful catheterisation can be difficult and failure is common because the vessels are small, they are mobile, slippery and easily traumatised. Repeated probing and failure to adequately dilate the opening can cause a false passage adjacent to the vessel that is difficult to correct(2)...
April 23, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678013/implementation-of-a-new-traceability-process-for-breast-milk-feeding
#20
Mariana Y Daus, Thelma G Maydana, Daniel A Rizzato Lede, Daniel R Luna
Many newborns at the neonatal intensive care unit are unable to feed themselves, and receive human milk through enteric nutrition devices such as orogastric or nasogastric probes. The mothers extract their milk, and the nursing staff is responsible for the fractionation, storage and administration when prescribed by physicians. It is very important to remind that it is a bodily fluid that carries the risk of disease transmission if misused. Health information technologies can enhance patient safety by avoiding preventable adverse events...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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