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Three-Dimensional echocardiography in congenital heart disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097300/diagnosis-of-isolated-cleft-mitral-valve-using-three-dimensional-echocardiography
#1
Akhil Narang, Karima Addetia, Lynn Weinert, Megan Yamat, Atman P Shah, John E Blair, Victor Mor-Avi, Roberto M Lang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of isolated cleft mitral valve (MV; no concomitant congenital heart disease or degenerative MV disease) with significant mitral regurgitation (MR) diagnosed using two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) has been reported to be very low. Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) has enabled a more comprehensive visualization of the MV and detailed understanding of the mechanisms of MR and can potentially reveal isolated cleft MV that is not recognized with 2DE...
August 7, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983494/asd-device-closure-in-pediatrics-3-dimensional-transthoracic-echocardiography-perspective
#2
Sonia A El-Saiedi, Hala M Agha, Mohamed F Shaltoot, Hayat H Nassar, Amal M El Sisi, Wael A Attia, Yasser M Sedky
Objective: Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography, using both reconstruction methods and RT3D, has been used as an extra helping tool in several forms of congenital heart diseases. Our aim was to understand the relation of the ASD device to all surrounding structures by 3-dimensional echocardiography (3D). Methods: This prospective study included 37 patients diagnosed as ASD secundum by transthoracic (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) referred for transcatheter closure from October 2013 to July 2016...
July 2018: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908725/validation-and-reference-values-for-three-dimensional-echocardiographic-right-ventricular-volumetry-in-children-a-multicenter-study
#3
Kai Thorsten Laser, Ayşe Karabiyik, Hermann Körperich, Jan-Pit Horst, Peter Barth, Deniz Kececioglu, Wolfgang Burchert, Robert DallaPozza, Ulrike Herberg
BACKGROUND: Functional assessment of the right ventricle using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) has fundamental relevance in young patients with congenital heart disease. Reference values for the pediatric population are scarce. This multicenter study was designed to (1) validate new evaluation software for RT3DE and (2) establish pediatric reference values. METHODS: For validation, right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic volume (EDV) and end-systolic volume (ESV) were determined from real-time three-dimensional echocardiographic data sets of 38 subjects (n = 17 healthy individuals and n = 21 patients with congenital heart disease) using new dedicated evaluation software (RV-Function 2...
June 13, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560362/early-diagnosis-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-workers-role-of-standard-and-advanced-echocardiography
#4
REVIEW
Lidia Capotosto, Francesco Massoni, Simone De Sio, Serafino Ricci, Antonio Vitarelli
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) still remains the main cause of morbidity and mortality and consequently early diagnosis is of paramount importance. Working conditions can be regarded as an additional risk factor for CVD. Since different aspects of the job may affect vascular health differently, it is important to consider occupation from multiple perspectives to better assess occupational impacts on health. Standard echocardiography has several targets in the cardiac population, as the assessment of myocardial performance, valvular and/or congenital heart disease, and hemodynamics...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287130/a-brief-history-of-fetal-echocardiography-and-its-impact-on-the-management-of-congenital-heart-disease
#5
Dev Maulik, Navin C Nanda, Devika Maulik, Gustavo Vilchez
Congenital heart disease (CHD), the most common congenital malformation, is associated with adverse outcome. Development of fetal echocardiography has made prenatal diagnosis of CHD a reality, and in the process revolutionized its management. This historical review briefly narrates this development over the decades focusing on the emergence of the primary modalities of fetal echocardiography comprised of the time-motion mode, two-dimensional B-mode, spectral Doppler, color Doppler, and three- and four-dimensional cardiac imaging...
December 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928606/quantification-of-ventricular-unloading-by-3d-echocardiography-in-single-ventricle-of-left-ventricular-morphology-following-superior-cavo-pulmonary-anastomosis-and-fontan-completion-a-feasibility-study
#6
Deepa Sasikumar, Bijulal Sasidharan, Baiju S Dharan, Arun Gopalakrishnan, Kavasseri M Krishnamoorthy, Sivasubramanian Sivasankaran
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional echocardiography. (3DE) is comparable to cardiac magnetic resonance imaging for estimating ventricular volume in congenital heart diseases. However, there are limited data on estimation of ventricular volumes by 3DE in univentricular heart and change in ventricular volumes after surgical creation of cavopulmonary connection. We sought to quantify the unloading of the single ventricle of left ventricular. (LV) morphology by 3DE after superior cavopulmonary anastomosis...
September 2017: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833543/echocardiographic-assessment-of-the-right-ventricle-in-the-current-era-application-in-clinical-practice
#7
REVIEW
Sridhar Venkatachalam, Geru Wu, Masood Ahmad
The right ventricle has unique structural and functional characteristics. It is now well recognized that the so-called forgotten ventricle is a key player in cardiovascular physiology. Furthermore, there is accumulating evidence that demonstrates right ventricular dysfunction as an important marker of morbidity and mortality in several commonly encountered clinical situations such as heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary embolism, right ventricular myocardial infarction, and adult congenital heart disease...
December 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769154/colour-doppler-echocardiography-in-the-management-of-congenital-heart-disease
#8
V Vatwani, R Ghuliani
Twenty patients with various forms of congenital heart disease admitted to Army Hospital Delhi Cantt were studied. After detailed clinical examination and routine investigations they were subjected to two dimensional and subsequently colour Doppler echocardiography. Two patients were operated on the data obtained by echocardiographi. studies only. Seven patients required preoperative catheterisation in addition to echographic examination. The operative procedures confirmed the lesions delineated on colour Doppler echocardiography...
January 1994: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704916/three-dimensional-echocardiography-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#9
REVIEW
Hyun Suk Yang
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is now more common in adults than in children due to improvements in fetal echo, neonatal and pediatric care, and surgical techniques leading to dramatically increased survivability into adulthood. Adult patients with CHD, regardless of prior cardiac surgery, experience further cardiac problems or therapeutic challenges; therefore, a non-invasive, easily accessible echocardiographic examination is an essential follow-up tool. Among echocardiographic modalities, three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography provides better delineation of spatial relationships in complex cardiac geometries and more accurate volumetric information without geometric assumptions...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590259/imaging-of-left-to-right-shunt-in-adults
#10
Nao Sasaki, Leo Lopez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Left-to-right shunts are commonly seen in congenital heart diseases. This review aims to review the anatomy, physiology, and imaging of the four most common left-to-right lesions in adults. RECENT FINDINGS: Reported late complications of left-to-right lesions provide guidance in follow-up imaging. Use of three-dimensional echocardiography helps not only in the diagnosis of these defects but also in assistance during device closure. SUMMARY: Noninvasive imaging plays a significant role in the diagnosis and management of left-to-right lesions...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548989/imaging-adult-patients-with-fontan-circulation
#11
REVIEW
Salil Ginde, Benjamin H Goot, Peter C Frommelt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Survival after the Fontan procedure for palliation of single ventricle congenital heart disease has improved. However, adults with Fontan circulation are at risk for several complications including heart failure, thromboembolism, and protein-losing enteropathy. This review discusses the role of noninvasive imaging for surveillance and early detection of anatomic and functional abnormalities of the Fontan circulation that can impact the risk for Fontan failure over time...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466690/a-unique-intracardiac-shunt-identifying-complex-anatomy-in-reoperative-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#12
Billie-Jean Martin, Ivan M Rebeyka, Jeffrey F Smallhorn, Dylan A Taylor, Isabelle F Vonder Muhll
Adult patients with repaired congenital heart disease are presenting with previously unseen types of residual lesions and consequences of prior repair. Patients with d-transposition of the great arteries repaired with atrial switch operations are returning with dysrhythmias and atrioventricular valve disease requiring intervention. We present the challenging case of a young adult with a residual shunt identified on preoperative three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography, the precise anatomy of which was only characterized intraoperatively...
January 1, 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427801/-multimodality-imaging-in-the-cardiac-catheterization-laboratory
#13
Karine Warin-Fresse, Sébastien Hascoet, Patrice Guérin
Cardiac catheterization has greatly contributed to the progress made in the management of congenital heart diseases (CHD). Initially used in diagnosis, it allowed the understanding of heart diseases, their anatomy and hemodynamics. Gradually, the development of interventional cardiology has played a major role in the management of these malformations (Patent ductus arteriosus [PDA] and atrial septal defect [ASD] closure, pulmonary dilatation, percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation…). The development of such technology was made possible through the concomitant development of imaging techniques: fluoroscopy, ultrasound, MRI and CT...
May 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412669/measurement-of-frontal-lobe-volume-and-thalamic-volume-in-fetuses-with-congenital-heart-disease-at-different-gestational-weeks-using-three-dimensional-ultra-sonography-and-its-clinical-value
#14
Zhu Li-Fei, Liu Hong-Xiong, H E Ying
Our study aimed to investigate the measurement of frontal lobe volume and thalamic volume in fetuses with congenital heart disease (CHD) at different gestational weeks using three dimensional (3-D) ultrasonography and its clinical value. Then, 238 pregnant women who received obstetric ultrasonography in ultrasound department of Internal Medicine of our hospital were enrolled between March 2013 to April 2014. In this study, 85 fetuses were diagnosed to develop CHD by prenatal fetal echocardiography, and the other 153 fetuses were normal...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386957/hypoplasia-of-the-posterior-mitral-leaflet-a-rare-cause-of-mitral-regurgitation-in-adulthood
#15
Daniela Bacich, Gabriele Braggion, Giuseppe Faggian
Hypoplasia of the posterior mitral valve leaflet (PMVL) is a rare congenital heart disease, usually presenting in infancy and childhood with severe mitral regurgitation, either in isolation or associated with other cardiac lesions. We report a case of a 69-year-old woman with recent-onset exertional dyspnea and severe mitral regurgitation. Two- and three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography showed severe hypoplasia of the PMVL, confirmed by surgical inspection.
June 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284205/usage-of-3d-models-of-tetralogy-of-fallot-for-medical-education-impact-on-learning-congenital-heart-disease
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yue-Hin Loke, Ashraf S Harahsheh, Axel Krieger, Laura J Olivieri
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common human birth defect, and clinicians need to understand the anatomy to effectively care for patients with CHD. However, standard two-dimensional (2D) display methods do not adequately carry the critical spatial information to reflect CHD anatomy. Three-dimensional (3D) models may be useful in improving the understanding of CHD, without requiring a mastery of cardiac imaging. The study aimed to evaluate the impact of 3D models on how pediatric residents understand and learn about tetralogy of Fallot following a teaching session...
March 11, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256251/relation-of-right-atrial-volume-systemic-venous-dimensions-and-flow-patterns-to-right-atrial-pressure-in-infants-and-children
#17
Shivani G Patel, Peter Woolman, Ling Li, Mary Craft, David A Danford, Shelby Kutty
Echocardiographic assessment of right atrial (RA) volume, inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter, and hepatic vein flow velocity independently correlate with the RA pressure by direct catheter measurement in adults. We prospectively collected invasive RA pressure measurements and echocardiographic data in infants and young children with the goal of developing a predictive model to noninvasively determine normal RA pressure. All subjects had a central venous catheter through which RA pressure could be transduced...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214110/pediatric-echocardiographic-nomograms-what-has-been-done-and-what-still-needs-to-be-done
#18
REVIEW
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Shelby Kutty, Eliana Franchi, Marco Paterni, Marco Scalese, Giorgio Iervasi, Martin Koestenberger
Nomograms are essential tools for quantification in pediatric echocardiography. In the last few years, multiple sources highlight that nomograms employed for decades presented significant numerical and methodological limitations. As a result, widely different ranges of normality were generated, thus creating confusion in estimation of several cardiac diseases. New nomograms have recently been generated, overcoming some of the gaps of previous research: wider sample sizes (including neonates/infants), solid statistical/methodological plan, and availability of new data (chamber dimensions, many functional parameters)...
July 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063755/-congenital-heart-disease-recent-technical-advances-in-three-dimensional-echocardiography
#19
Clement Karsenty, Khaled Hadeed, Philippe Acar
The recent technical advances allow the use in practice of three-dimensional echocardiography in children especially through the new high frequency matrix probe. It is difficult or even impossible to hold breathing during children' acquisition so to avoid motion full volume artifact, one beat and live 3D modes are suitable. 3D echocardiography is more accurate than 2D to assess the size, location, and relationship with surrounding structures of atrial and ventricular septal defects and thus helps in the therapeutic decision...
May 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038838/-interventional-cardiac-catheterization-in-congenital-heart-disease
#20
François Godart, Ali Houeijeh
Interventional cardiac catheterization has a major place in the management of congenital heart disease. Since the Rashkind atrioseptostomy in mid-1960s, many techniques have been developed. For some, it is necessary to close a cardiac or extracardiac shunt using occluder (double disc system, plug, coil…): closure of atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect or patent arterial duct. For others, it is necessary to treat a valvular or vascular stenosis using a balloon catheter: dilatation of the pulmonary or the aortic valve, dilatation of aortic coarctation...
May 2017: La Presse Médicale
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