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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350303/a-short-review-of-the-non-invasive-transcutaneous-pericranial-electrical-stimulation-techniques-and-their-application-in-headache
#1
REVIEW
Licia Grazzi, Emanuela Sansone, Paul Rizzoli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this short review, the most common non-invasive neuromodulatory techniques will be described, along with their advantages and disadvantages and their application in headache. Available preventive treatments can be unhelpful or may have unpleasant side effects; moreover, the rate of response to preventive drugs does not exceed 50%, lower in chronic migraine; alternative options would be welcome. Though the concept of neuromodulation was originally developed with invasive methods, newer non-invasive techniques are appearing...
January 19, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350125/current-management-migraine-headache
#2
Stephen D Silberstein
Migraine varies in its frequency, severity, and impact; treatment should consider these variations and the patient's needs and goals. Migraine pharmacologic treatment may be acute (abortive) or preventive (prophylactic), and patients often require both. New medication devices are available or in development, including an intracutaneous, microneedle system of zolmitriptan and sumatriptan, and breath-powered powder sumatriptan intranasal treatment. Lasmiditan, a 5-HT1F receptor agonist, is in development for acute treatment, as are small molecule calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonists (Gepants) for acute and preventive treatment...
December 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350119/-medication-overuse-headache
#3
J A Pijpers, N J Wiendels, H Koppen, M D Ferrari, J Haan, G M Terwindt
- Medication-overuse headache is a highly prevalent disorder with a major impact on the quality of life.- Medication-overuse headache is defined as headache on ≥ 15 days per month with overuse of acute headache medication for ≥ 3 months. We talk about overuse in case of intake of simple analgesics on ≥ 15 days per month or triptans or combinations of analgesics on ≥ 10 days per month.- The underlying type of headache is usually migraine or tension-type headache.- One of the possible underlying mechanisms of medication-overuse headache is changed sensitivity as a consequence of central sensitisation...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349847/increased-pain-sensitivity-in-migraine-and-tension-type-headache-coexistent-with-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#4
S Ashina, R B Lipton, L Bendtsen, N Hajiyeva, D C Buse, A C Lyngberg, R Jensen
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is common in the general population and in individuals with primary headaches. We assessed the relative frequency of self-reported back pain in persons with and without primary headaches and examined pain sensitivity. METHOD: A population of 796 individuals completed a headache interview based on ICHD criteria and provided data of interest in a self-administered questionnaire. Headache cases were classified into chronic (≥15) (CH) or episodic (<15 headache days/month) (EH)...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340791/treatment-of-disabling-headache-with-greater-occipital-nerve-injections-in-a-large-population-of-childhood-and-adolescent-patients-a-service-evaluation
#5
Francesca Puledda, Peter J Goadsby, Prab Prabhakar
BACKGROUND: Pediatric headache disorders can be extremely disabling, with marked reduction in the quality of life of children and their carers. Evidenced-based options for the treatment of primary headache disorders with preventive medication is limited and clinical outcomes are often unsatisfactory. Greater occipital nerve injections represent a rapid and well-tolerated therapeutic option, which is widely used in clinical practice in adults, and has previously shown a good outcome in a pediatric population...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340272/migraine-preventive-prescription-patterns-by-physician-specialty-in-ambulatory-care-settings-in-the-united-states
#6
Hiroko Takaki, Daisuke Onozuka, Akihito Hagihara
Many adults with migraine who require preventive therapy are often not prescribed the proper medications. The most likely reason is that primary care physicians are unacquainted with preventive medications for migraine. The present study assessed the migraine-preventive prescription patterns in office visits using data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 2006 to 2009 in the United States. Patients who were 18 years or older and diagnosed with migraine were included in the analysis. In accordance with the recommendations of the headache guidelines, we included beta-blockers, antidepressants, triptans for short-term prevention of menstrual migraine, and other triptans for acute treatment...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338150/the-role-of-cannabinoids-in-pain-control-the-good-the-bad-and-the-ugly
#7
Joseph V Pergolizzi, Jo Ann Lequang, Robert Taylor, Robert B Raffa, Daniel Colucci
Cannabinoids appear to possess many potential medical uses, which may extend to pain control. A narrative review of the literature has found a variety of studies testing botanical and synthetic cannabinoids in different pain syndromes (acute pain, cancer pain, chronic noncancer pain, fibromyalgia pain, migraine, neuropathic pain, visceral pain, and others). Results from these studies are mixed; cannabinoids appear to be most effective in controlling neuropathic pain, allodynia, medication-rebound headache, and chronic noncancer pain, but do not seem to offer any advantage over nonopioid analgesics for acute pain...
January 16, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337452/-neurology
#8
Isabelle Chopard, David Benninger, Jean-François Demonet, Renaud Du Pasquier, Lorenz Hirt, Thierry Kuntzer, Patrik Michel, Bernard Nater, Jan Novy, Andrea Rossetti, Olivier Rouaud, Philippe Ryvlin, Myriam Schluep, Marie Theaudin
Ocrelizumab (Ocrevus), an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, has been approved for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. Eculizumab (Soliris) has been approved in several countries for refractory forms of generalized seropositive severe myasthenia gravis. A form of gene therapy, patisiran, has shown positive results in transthyretin familial amyloidosis. In the treatment of headaches, particularly migraines, non-pharmacological approaches have shown some interesting results. The criteria for Lewy body dementia have been revised...
January 10, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336986/a-systematic-literature-review-of-observational-studies-of-the-bidirectional-association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-migraine
#9
REVIEW
V A Andreeva, P Galan, C Julia, L Fezeu, S Hercberg, E Kesse-Guyot
AIMS: To evaluate all epidemiological evidence in the literature linking the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and migraine in adults. METHODS: Database (Medline, Embase; published reports up to November 2017) and manual searches were performed. Information on data collection, sample characteristics, study design, MetS and migraine assessment, and results was extracted from each relevant publication. The methodological quality of each study was also assessed. RESULTS: A total of 15 observational epidemiological studies in adults, published between 2009 and 2017, were retrieved...
December 13, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336283/headaches-and-facial-pain-in-rhinology
#10
Asitha D L Jayawardena, Rakesh Chandra
"Sinus headache" is a common chief complaint that often leads patients to an otolaryngologist's office. Because facial pain may or may not be sinogenic in origin, the otolaryngologist should be equipped to evaluate and treat or to appropriately refer these patients. Analysis of current data indicates that the majority of patients who present with sinus headaches actually have migraines. Furthermore, the downstream effect of the cytokine cascade initiated in migraine physiology can cause rhinologic symptoms, including rhinorrhea, congestion, and lacrimation, which may also confound diagnosis...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335889/comparison-of-gray-matter-volume-between-migraine-and-strict-criteria-tension-type-headache
#11
Wei-Ta Chen, Kun-Hsien Chou, Pei-Lin Lee, Fu-Jung Hsiao, David M Niddam, Kuan-Lin Lai, Jong-Ling Fuh, Ching-Po Lin, Shuu-Jiun Wang
BACKGROUND: Despite evidently distinct symptoms, tension-type headache (TTH) and migraine are highly comorbid and exhibit many similarities in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether both types of headaches are similar in brain morphology. METHODS: Consecutive patients with TTH and age- and sex-matched patients with migraine and healthy controls were enrolled for brain magnetic resonance imaging examination. Patients with TTH were excluded if they reported any headache features or associated symptoms of migraine...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335794/effect-of-a-calcitonin-gene-related-peptide-binding-l-rna-aptamer-on-neuronal-activity-in-the-rat-spinal-trigeminal-nucleus
#12
Michael J M Fischer, Jakob Schmidt, Stanislav Koulchitsky, Sven Klussmann, Axel Vater, Karl Messlinger
BACKGROUND: Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) plays a major role in the pathogenesis of migraine and other primary headaches. Spinal trigeminal neurons integrate nociceptive afferent input from trigeminal tissues including intracranial afferents, and their activity is thought to reflect facial pain and headache in man. CGRP receptor inhibitors and anti-CGRP antibodies have been demonstrated to be therapeutically effective in migraine. In parallel, CGRP receptor inhibition has been shown to lower spinal trigeminal neuron activity in animal models of meningeal nociception...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334854/the-association-between-premorbid-conditions-in-school-aged-children-with-prolonged-concussion-recovery
#13
Réjean M Guerriero, Karameh Kuemmerle, Michael J Pepin, Alex M Taylor, Robert Wolff, William P Meehan
The association between preexisting anxiety, depression, and/or neurodevelopmental disorders and symptom duration among younger children who sustain concussions is not well known. The authors conducted a prospective cohort study of 569 patients presenting to a pediatric neurology clinic with the diagnosis of concussion. The authors measured associations between symptom duration and premorbid conditions, as well as gender, age, mechanism of injury, and other factors. Premorbid conditions were common in both age groups...
February 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333870/the-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-for-persons-with-migraine-and-co-existing-tension-type-headache-and-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Lotte Skytte Krøll, Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund, Mattias Linde, Gunvor Gard, Rigmor Højland Jensen
Aim To evaluate aerobic exercise in migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain. Methods Consecutively recruited persons with migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain were randomized into an exercise group or control group. Aerobic exercise consisted of bike/cross-trainer/brisk walking for 45 minutes, three times/week. Controls continued usual daily activities. Pain frequency, intensity, and duration; physical fitness, level of physical activity, well-being and ability to engage in daily activities were assessed at baseline, after treatment and at follow-up...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331612/arterial-spin-labeling-cerebral-perfusion-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-migraine-aura-an-observational-study
#15
Marc E Wolf, Shuhei Okazaki, Philipp Eisele, Christina Rossmanith, Johannes Gregori, Martin Griebe, Matthias Günther, Achim Gass, Michael G Hennerici, Kristina Szabo, Rolf Kern
BACKGROUND: Changes in cerebral perfusion during migraine with aura (MA) have been assessed mainly using dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) magnetic resonance perfusion imaging. A contrast agent-free method to assess these changes would be desirable. We assessed changes in cerebral perfusion during MA using arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: We investigated 4 patients with a standardized protocol including ASL perfusion imaging during MA (n = 2) or early headache phase (n = 2) and asymptomatic follow-up...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329146/national-prevalence-and-effects-of-multiple-chemical-sensitivities
#16
Anne Steinemann
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of multiple chemical sensitivities (MCS), its co-occurrence with asthma and fragrance sensitivity, and effects from exposure to fragranced consumer products. METHODS: A nationally representative cross-sectional population-based sample of adult Americans (n = 1,137) was surveyed in June 2016. RESULTS: Among the population, 12.8% report medically diagnosed MCS and 25.9% report chemical sensitivity. Of those with MCS, 86...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327224/prevalence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-headache-in-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy-experience-from-a-tertiary-epilepsy-center
#17
Metin Dedei Daryan, Betül Tekin Güveli, Sezin Alpaydın Baslo, Kasım Mulhan, Hüseyin Sarı, Zeynep Ezgi Balçık, Dilek Ataklı
The comorbidity of headache and epilepsy is often seen in neurological practice. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence, types of, and risk factors for headache in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). We assessed a total of 200 patients and 100 healthy controls in our study. Headache was classified in participants using a self-administered questionnaire. Demographical, clinical features and headache characteristics were recorded. Seizure and headache temporal profiles were noted. Headache was present in 111 (56%) patients and 50 (50%) healthy participants...
January 11, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324819/development-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-visual-discomfort-scale
#18
Shu Imaizumi, Shinichi Koyama, Yoshihiko Tanno
BACKGROUND: Visual stimuli, such as stripes and texts, can induce "visual discomfort" including perceptual and somatic symptoms. Individuals reporting high levels of visual discomfort might experience migraine headache and may have reduced reading efficiency due to visual perceptual difficulties. This study aimed to develop and validate the Japanese version of the Visual Discomfort Scale, which measures proneness to visual discomfort. METHODS AND RESULTS: In Survey 1, 428 adults completed the Japanese version and a questionnaire assessing migraine morbidity...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323926/investigating-effects-of-sex-differences-and-prior-concussions-on-symptom-reporting-and-cognition-among-adolescent-soccer-players
#19
Brian L Brooks, Noah Silverberg, Bruce Maxwell, Rebekah Mannix, Ross Zafonte, Paul D Berkner, Grant L Iverson
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing concern regarding the possible effect of multiple concussions on the developing brain, especially for adolescent females. Hypothesis/Purpose: The objectives were to determine if there are differences in cognitive functioning, symptom reporting, and/or sex effects from prior concussions. In a very large sample of youth soccer players, it was hypothesized that (1) there would be no differences in cognitive test performance between those with and without prior concussions, (2) baseline preseason symptoms would be better predicted by noninjury factors than concussion history, and (3) males and females with prior concussions would not have differences in cognition or symptoms...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322494/common-primary-and-secondary-causes-of-headache-in-the-elderly
#20
Tara L Sharma
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Headache in the elderly, defined as individuals aged 65 and older, although less prevalent than younger individuals, can present as a diagnostic challenge, given the increase in potentially fatal diseases within this population. METHODS: These individuals require a complete history, neurological examination, and assessment of potential secondary causes of headaches. RESULTS: Secondary causes include temporal or giant cell arteritis, subdural hematomas, central nervous system (CNS) tumors, strokes, and CNS infections...
January 11, 2018: Headache
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