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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157731/insulin-sensitivity-and-diabetic-kidney-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-2-diabetes-an-observational-analysis-of-data-from-the-today-clinical%C3%A2-trial
#1
Petter Bjornstad, Edward Nehus, Laure El Ghormli, Fida Bacha, Ingrid M Libman, Siripoom McKay, Steven M Willi, Lori Laffel, Silva Arslanian, Kristen J Nadeau
BACKGROUND: Diabetic kidney disease is a major cause of premature mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Worsening insulin sensitivity independent of glycemic control may contribute to the development of diabetic kidney disease. We investigated the longitudinal association of insulin sensitivity with hyperfiltration and increased albumin excretion in adolescents with T2DM. STUDY DESIGN: Observational prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 532 TODAY (Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth) participants aged 12 to 17 years with T2DM duration less than 2 years at baseline...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155223/multilevel-model-to-estimate-county-level-untreated-dental-caries-among-us-children-aged-6-9years-using-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#2
Mei Lin, Xingyou Zhang, James B Holt, Valerie Robison, Chien-Hsun Li, Susan O Griffin
Because conducting population-based oral health screening is resource intensive, oral health data at small-area levels (e.g., county-level) are not commonly available. We applied the multilevel logistic regression and poststratification method to estimate county-level prevalence of untreated dental caries among children aged 6-9years in the United States using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2010 linked with various area-level data at census tract, county and state levels...
November 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153560/distribution-and-determinants-of-qrs-rotation-of-black-and-white-persons-in-the-general-population
#3
Ronald J Prineas, Zhu-Ming Zhang, Cladd E Stevens, Elsayed Z Soliman
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and determinants of QRS transition zones are not well established. METHODS: We examined the distributions of Normal, clockwise (CW) and counterclockwise (CCW)) QRS transition zones and their relations to disease, body size and demographics in 4624 black and white men and women free of cardiovascular disease and major ECG abnormalities enrolled in the NHANES-III survey. RESULTS: CW transition zones were least observed (6...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146532/potential-u-s-population-impact-of-the-2017-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-high-blood-pressure-guideline
#4
Paul Muntner, Robert M Carey, Samuel Gidding, Daniel W Jones, Sandra J Taler, Jackson T Wright, Paul K Whelton
BACKGROUND: The 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults provides recommendations for the definition of hypertension, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) thresholds for initiation of antihypertensive medication and BP target goals. OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of hypertension, implications of recommendations for antihypertensive medication and prevalence of BP above the treatment goal among US adults using criteria from the 2017 ACC/AHA and the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC7) guidelines...
November 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144884/adiposity-and-asthma-in-a-nationwide-study-of-children-and-adults-in-the-united-states
#5
Erick Forno, Yueh-Ying Han, Ingrid M Libman, Radhika H Muzumdar, Juan C Celedón
RATIONALE: While obesity has been associated with asthma, body mass index (BMI) is suboptimal to fully characterize adiposity. OBJECTIVES: We examined the relation between adiposity and asthma in a large sample of the U.S. population, using indices defined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). METHODS: We analyzed data from 8,886 children (aged 8-19 years) and 12,795 adults (aged 20-69 years) from the 2001-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
November 16, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141052/association-between-urinary-manganese-and-blood-pressure-results-from-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-2011-2014
#6
Cynthia Wu, Jessica G Woo, Nanhua Zhang
Manganese is a trace mineral required for metabolism, growth and tissue formation, and reproduction. It is mainly obtained through food and water, as well as through occupational exposure. This study used data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, combining the 2011-12 and 2013-14 cycles. We conducted linear regression analyses on urinary manganese and blood pressure. Significant negative associations (p<0.01) between urinary manganese and both systolic and diastolic blood pressure existed after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, race/ethnicity, and status of taking antihypertensive medication...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134344/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-relationship-between-blood-lead-levels-and-reported-attention-deficit-disorder-an-assessment-of-the-economic-impact-on-the-united-states
#7
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Mark R Geier
Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is characterized by a pattern of inattention and/or impulsivity that is inconsistent with developmental level and interferes with normal functioning in at least two settings. A recent meta-analysis suggested a significant relationship between lead (Pb) exposure and attention deficit symptoms. This study evaluated the potential relationship between increasing blood Pb levels and the risk of a reported ADD diagnosis. This cross-sectional study examined a sample of 2109 persons (32,762,158 weighted-persons) between 10 and 19 years-old from the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES)...
November 13, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133599/potential-u-s-population-impact-of-the-2017-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-high-blood-pressure-guideline
#8
Paul Muntner, Robert M Carey, Samuel Gidding, Daniel W Jones, Sandra J Taler, Jackson T Wright, Paul K Whelton
Background -The 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults provides recommendations for the definition of hypertension, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) thresholds for initiation of antihypertensive medication and BP target goals. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension, implications of recommendations for antihypertensive medication and prevalence of BP above the treatment goal among US adults using criteria from the 2017 ACC/AHA and the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC7) guidelines...
November 13, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126164/the-association-between-diabetes-and-olfactory-function-in-adults
#9
Jason Ying Kuen Chan, Esther García-Esquinas, Owen H Ko, Michael C F Tong, Sandra Y Lin
Diabetes is a significant chronic disease that in limited studies has been linked with olfactory dysfunction. We investigated the cross-sectional association between diabetes and olfactory dysfunction in 3,151 adults aged ≥40 years who participated in NHANES 2013-2014 with information on olfactory dysfunction and diabetes. Diabetes was defined from fasting serum glucose ≥126 mg/dl, oral glucose tolerance test ≥200 mg/dl, HbA1c levels ≥6.5%, physician-diagnosed diabetes, or current use of oral hypoglycemic agents and/or insulin...
November 8, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124048/breastfeeding-for-one-month-or-longer-is-associated-with-higher-risk-of-osteoarthritis-in-older-adults-nhanes-1999-2012
#10
Clara Yongjoo Park
Breastfeeding is associated with many health benefits to the mother but the association between osteoarthritis (OA) is not known. Menopause, a state of rapid estrogen loss, is associated with OA. To test whether lactation, another physiological state of low estrogen status, is associated with OA, a nationally representative dataset National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2012 was analyzed. Information of OA diagnosis history and lactation for at least one month was self-reported by women 50 years and older that had given birth to at least one child...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122437/the-effects-of-protein-intake-on-albuminuria-in-different-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-a-population-based-study
#11
Yan Liu, Rong-Shao Tan, Dao-Yuan Zhou, Xiao Xiao, Jian-Min Ran, Dan-Ping Qin, Xiao-Shi Zhong, Jian-Guang Hu, Yun Liu, Yuan-Yuan Zheng
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious condition associated with early mortality, decreased quality of life, and increased health-care expenditures. METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) collected from 1999 to 2012 were used. Subjects were divided into 4 estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) categories: stage 1: eGFR≥90mL/min/1.73m(2), stage 2: eGFR 60-89, stage 3: eGFR 30-59, and stage 4/5: eGFR<30, and 3 age strata (<45y, 45-64, 65+)...
November 6, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121272/chronic-cigarette-smoking-associates-directly-and-indirectly-with-self-reported-olfactory-alterations-analysis-of-the-2011-2014-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#12
Sarah-Grace Glennon, Tania Huedo-Medina, Shristi Rawal, Howard J Hoffman, Mark D Litt, Valerie B Duffy
Introduction: Population-based studies show inconsistent effects of cigarette smoking on olfactory function. We aimed to identify direct and indirect associations between measures of smoking exposure/nicotine dependence and altered olfaction in a nationally-representative sample of adults. Methods: NHANES 2011-2014 (n=7,418) participants (mean age=57.8±12.2 years) self-reported olfaction and related health and demographic risks. Affirmative answers to three questions defined altered olfaction (olfactory problems in past year; worse ability since age 25; phantom smells)...
November 7, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118998/association-of-qt-interval-with-mortality-by-kidney-function-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#13
Rehan Malik, Sehrish Waheed, Deepak Parashara, Jorge Perez, Salman Waheed
Objective: Prolonged QT interval predisposes to ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. However, the association between QT interval and mortality by the level of pre-existing kidney function has not been investigated. Methods: We followed 6565 participants from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III for a median of 13.3 years. Sample divided according to corrected QT (QTc) interval was as follows: normal (QTc <450 ms for men and <460 ms for women) or prolonged...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117949/trends-in-hearing-loss-among-adolescents
#14
Tyson S Barrett, Karl R White
OBJECTIVES: Our aim with this article is to evaluate whether the prevalence of hearing loss is increasing among adolescents living in the United States. METHODS: All available data about hearing loss among adolescents from the large, federally funded National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were analyzed. By using the 4 data releases between 1994 and 2010 (a total of 6891 adolescents), the prevalence of adolescent hearing loss >15 and ≥25 dB at low frequencies (0...
November 8, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115946/seropositivity-to-herpes-simplex-virus-type-2-but-not-type-1-is-associated-with-cervical-cancer-nhanes-1999-2014
#15
Sen Li, Xi Wen
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV1 and HSV2) are infectious agents, and their association with cancer occurrence in human is a controversial topic for decades. We addressed this subject using all available continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) cross-sectional data from 1999 to 2014. METHODS: Eight data cycles (1999-2000, 2001-2002, 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010, 2011-2012, and 2013-2014) were employed, and a sample of 8184 female participants was used in this study according to the availability of cancer history and HSV serostatus...
November 7, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114913/a-retrospective-analysis-of-cardiometabolic-health-in-a-large-cohort-of-truck-drivers-compared-to-the-american-working-population
#16
Matthew S Thiese, Richard J Hanowski, Gary Moffitt, Stefanos N Kales, Richard J Porter, Brenden Ronna, Natalie Hartenbaum, Kurt T Hegmann
BACKGROUND: Truck drivers face many health challenges, including lifestyle, diet, inactivity, stressors, and social support. METHODS: A repeated cross-sectional analysis compared 88,246 truck drivers with data from (n = 11 918) the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Trends over time for body mass index (BMI), high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, heart disease, and sleep disorders were analyzed, adjusting for potential confounders...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113293/telomere-attrition-kidney-function-and-prevalent-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-united-states
#17
Moshen Mazidi, Peyman Rezaie, Adriac Covic, Jolanta Malyszko, Jacek Rysz, Andre Pascal Kengne, Maciej Banach
Background: Telomere length is an emerging novel biomarker of biologic age, cardiovascular risk and chronic medical conditions. Few studies have focused on the association between telomere length (TL) and kidney function. Objective: We investigated the association between TL and kidney function/prevalent chronic kidney disease (CKD) in US adults. Methods: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) participants with measured data on kidney function and TL from 1999 to 2002 were included...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110742/development-and-validation-of-anthropometric-prediction-equations-for-lean-body-mass-fat-mass-and-percent-fat-in-adults-using-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-1999-2006
#18
Dong Hoon Lee, NaNa Keum, Frank B Hu, E John Orav, Eric B Rimm, Qi Sun, Walter C Willett, Edward L Giovannucci
Quantification of lean body mass and fat mass can provide important insight into epidemiological research. However, there is no consensus on generalisable anthropometric prediction equations to validly estimate body composition. We aimed to develop and validate practical anthropometric prediction equations for lean body mass, fat mass and percent fat in adults (men, n 7531; women, n 6534) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2006. Using a prediction sample, we predicted each of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-measured lean body mass, fat mass and percent fat based on different combinations of anthropometric measures...
November 7, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108358/mid-arm-muscle-circumference-as-a-surrogate-in-predicting-insulin-resistance-in-non-obese-elderly-individuals
#19
Yuan-Ping Chao, Yi-Fen Lai, Tung-Wei Kao, Tao-Chun Peng, Yuan-Yung Lin, Mu-Tsun Shih, Wei-Liang Chen, Li-Wei Wu
The homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was used to measure the degree of insulin resistance (IR). Previous literature revealed that mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC) is one of the anthropometric indicators for nutritional status and the relationship between MAMC and HOMA-IR remains uncertain in the obese and non-obese elderly individuals. The present study included 5,607 participants aged between 60 to 84 years old, using data from the 1999 to 2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102155/exposure-to-organophosphate-flame-retardant-chemicals-in-the-u-s-general-population-data-from-the-2013-2014-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#20
Maria Ospina, Nayana K Jayatilaka, Lee-Yang Wong, Paula Restrepo, Antonia M Calafat
BACKGROUND: Use of organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) including tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate, triphenyl phosphate, tris(1-chloro-2-propyl) phosphate, and tris-2-chloroethyl phosphate, in consumer products is on the rise because of the recent phase out of polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants. Some of these chemicals are also used as plasticizers or lubricants in many consumer products. OBJECTIVES: To assess human exposure to these chlorinated and non-chlorinated organophosphates, and non-PBDE brominated chemicals in a representative sample of the U...
January 2018: Environment International
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