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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527750/estimating-serum-concentrations-of-dioxin-like-compounds-in-the-u-s-population-effective-2005-2006-and-2007-2008-a-multiple-imputation-and-trending-approach-incorporating-nhanes-pooled-sample-data
#1
Anne Bichteler, Daniele S Wikoff, Francis Loko, Mark A Harris
Dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) are monitored in the U.S. population using data collected with the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Until recently, participants' serum samples have been analyzed individually, and summary statistics defining reference ranges by age, gender, and race/ethnicity have served as the background by which other biomonitoring data can be evaluated. In the most recent NHANES DLC data, 2005-2006 and 2007-2008, participants' sera have been physically pooled prior to laboratory analysis, introducing major challenges to their utility as a reference population: variability among individuals and relations with covariates are lost, and individual design effects cannot be applied...
May 18, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526828/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-moderate-alcohol-consumption-and-hearing-threshold-shifts
#2
Yuan-Yung Lin, Hsin-Chien Chen, Wen-Sen Lai, Li-Wei Wu, Chih-Hung Wang, Jih-Chin Lee, Tung-Wei Kao, Wei-Liang Chen
Hearing loss is a global public health problem with a high prevalence, significantly impairing communication and leading to a decrease in the quality of life. The association between moderate alcohol consumption (MAC) and hearing impairment has been addressed in several studies with inconsistent results. The intent of our study is to clarify the correlation between MAC and the hearing threshold and further investigate the interplay between MAC and the hearing threshold categorized by gender. The study included 4,075 participants aged 20-69 years from the 1999-2004 data of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526331/prevalence-of-oral-human-papillomavirus-by-vaccination-status-among-young-adults-18-30years-old
#3
Jacqueline M Hirth, Mihyun Chang, Vicente A Resto
BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence that human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination may protect against oral HPV infection, no current research has demonstrated this in the general population. METHODS: We used repeated cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 2009 and 2014. Participants 18-30years who indicated whether they had received the HPV vaccine and provided an adequate oral sample were included (N=3040)...
May 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520779/church-attendance-allostatic-load-and-mortality-in-middle-aged-adults
#4
Marino A Bruce, David Martins, Kenrik Duru, Bettina M Beech, Mario Sims, Nina Harawa, Roberto Vargas, Dulcie Kermah, Susanne B Nicholas, Arleen Brown, Keith C Norris
IMPORTANCE: Religiosity has been associated with positive health outcomes. Hypothesized pathways for this association include religious practices, such as church attendance, that result in reduced stress. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between religiosity (church attendance), allostatic load (AL) (a physiologic measure of stress) and all-cause mortality in middle-aged adults. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data for this study are from NHANES III (1988-1994)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512303/volunteer-participation-in-the-health-eheart-study-a-comparison-with-the-us-population
#5
Xiaofan Guo, Eric Vittinghoff, Jeffrey E Olgin, Gregory M Marcus, Mark J Pletcher
Direct volunteer "eCohort" recruitment can be an efficient way of recruiting large numbers of participants, but there is potential for volunteer bias. We compared self-selected participants in the Health eHeart Study to participants in the National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2013-14, a cross-sectional survey of the US population. Compared with the US population (represented by 5,769 NHANES participants), the 12,280 Health eHeart participants with complete survey data were more likely to be female (adjusted odds ratio (ORadj) = 3...
May 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511849/cardiometabolic-healthy-obesity-paradigm-and-all-cause-mortality-risk
#6
Paul D Loprinzi, Emily Frith
OBJECTIVE: To examine the cardiometabolic healthy obesity paradigm as it relates to all-cause mortality risk, with effect moderation evaluated for physical activity and demographic characteristics. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2006 NHANES were used. The analytic sample included 7579 dietary fasting adults (20+ yrs). All-cause mortality was linked with participant data from the National Death Index. Metabolic health was based on fasting levels of triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, glucose and blood pressure...
May 13, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511080/cadmium-and-alzheimer-s-disease-mortality-in-u-s-adults-updated-evidence-with-a-urinary-biomarker-and-extended-follow-up-time
#7
Qing Peng, Kelly M Bakulski, Bin Nan, Sung Kyun Park
Cadmium has been linked to impaired cognitive function in adults and may cause behavioral, physiological and molecular abnormalities characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in animals. Evidence linking cadmium and AD in humans is limited, but supportive. In the most recent epidemiologic study, blood cadmium in U.S. adults was positively associated with elevated AD mortality 7-13 years later. The association between urinary cadmium - an arguably more appropriate biomarker for studying chronic diseases - and AD mortality has not yet been explored...
May 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510710/relationship-between-objectively-measured-physical-activity-cardiovascular-disease-biomarkers-and-hearing-sensitivity-using-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2003-2006
#8
Paul D Loprinzi, Chelsea Joyner
Purpose: Limited research has examined the interrelationships among cardiometabolic parameters, physical activity, and hearing function, which was this study's purpose. Method: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2006 were used in the path analyses. Physical activity and hearing function were both objectively measured. Various cardiometabolic parameters were assessed from a blood sample. Adults 30-85 years (N = 1,070) constituted the analytic sample...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507575/association-between-telomere-length-and-complete-blood-count-in-us-adults
#9
Mohsen Mazidi, Peter Penson, Maciej Banach
INTRODUCTION: Telomere length (TL) is related to age-related health outcomes, but little is known about the relationship between TL and complete blood count (CBC) parameters. We aimed to determine the relationship between TL and CBC in a sample of healthy US adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) recruited between 1999 and 2002 who had essential data on total CBC and TL were studied. We computed age- and race-adjusted mean values for total CBC using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)...
April 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505660/prevalence-of-elevated-cardiovascular-risks-in-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys
#10
Krishna K Patel, Glen B Taksler, Bo Hu, Michael B Rothberg
Background: The 2013 cholesterol management guidelines from the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) recommend lipid screening in all adults older than 20 years to identify those at increased risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Statins may be considered for patients with elevated 10-year risk (>5%) or a low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level of 4.92 mmol/L (190 mg/dL) or greater. Objective: To describe the prevalence of elevated ASCVD risk among nondiabetic adults younger than 50 years...
May 16, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504712/flavonoid-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-obesity-and-c-reactive-protein-a-marker-for-inflammation-in-us-adults
#11
J A Vernarelli, J D Lambert
Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of flavonoid intake and disease risk, however the association between flavonoid intake and obesity has not been evaluated in a nationally representative sample of US adults. The objective of the study was to evaluate the association between flavonoid consumption and established risk factors for obesity and obesity-related inflammation. Data from a nationally representative sample of 9551 adults who participated in the 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were analyzed...
May 15, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496169/exploring-the-link-between-cadmium-and-psoriasis-in-a-nationally-representative-sample
#12
Fang-Yih Liaw, Wei-Liang Chen, Tung-Wei Kao, Yaw-Wen Chang, Ching-Fu Huang
Psoriasis, a skin inflammatory disease, originates from dysregulated interactions of the immune system. Cadmium, an environment pollutant, increases the levels of inflammation markers and influences the immune system. To clarify the relationship between cadmium and psoriasis, 5,927 participants, ≥20 years, in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2006 were studied. Psoriasis severity was assessed using self-reported dermatology questionnaires. Cadmium was measured using blood chemistry...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491944/data-on-cardiovascular-and-pulmonary-diseases-among-smokers-of-menthol-and-non-menthol-cigarettes-compiled-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-1999-2012
#13
Cynthia Van Landingham, William Fuller, Greg Mariano, Kristin Marano, Geoffrey Curtin, Sandra I Sulsky
This Data in Brief contains results from three different survey logistic regression models comparing risks of self-reported diagnoses of cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases among smokers of menthol and non-menthol cigarettes. Analyses employ data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) cycles administered between 1999 and 2012, combined and in subsets. Raw data may be downloaded from the National Center for Health Statistics. Results were not much affected by which covariates were included in the models, but depended strongly on the NHANES cycles included in the analysis...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490673/development-and-evaluation-of-the-national-cancer-institute-s-dietary-screener-questionnaire-scoring-algorithms
#14
Frances E Thompson, Douglas Midthune, Lisa Kahle, Kevin W Dodd
Background: Methods for improving the utility of short dietary assessment instruments are needed.Objective: We sought to describe the development of the NHANES Dietary Screener Questionnaire (DSQ) and its scoring algorithms and performance.Methods: The 19-item DSQ assesses intakes of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, added sugars, dairy, fiber, and calcium. Two nonconsecutive 24-h dietary recalls and the DSQ were administered in NHANES 2009-2010 to respondents aged 2-69 y (n = 7588). The DSQ frequency responses, coupled with sex- and age-specific portion size information, were regressed on intake from 24-h recalls by using the National Cancer Institute usual intake method to obtain scoring algorithms to estimate mean and prevalences of reaching 2 a priori threshold levels...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490271/validation-of-a-cardiovascular-disease-policy-micro-simulation-model-using-both-survival-and-receiver-operating-characteristic-curves
#15
Ankur Pandya, Stephen Sy, Sylvia Cho, Sartaj Alam, Milton C Weinstein, Thomas A Gaziano
BACKGROUND: Despite some advances, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death and healthcare costs in the United States. We therefore developed a comprehensive CVD policy simulation model that identifies cost-effective approaches for reducing CVD burden. This paper aims to: 1) describe our model in detail; and 2) perform model validation analyses. METHODS: The model simulates 1,000,000 adults (ages 35 to 80 years) using a variety of CVD-related epidemiological data, including previously calibrated Framingham-based risk scores for coronary heart disease and stroke...
May 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487151/dietary-inflammatory-potential-is-linked-to-cardiovascular-disease-risk-burden-in-the-us-adult-population
#16
Stefanos Tyrovolas, Ai Koyanagi, Georgios A Kotsakis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Nitin Shivappa, Michael D Wirth, James R Hébert, Josep Maria Haro
BACKGROUND: Dietary guidelines are a key tool in the public health quiver. Single nutrients have been linked to cardiovascular diseases, but existing metrics do not capture the overall effect of diet on inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the association between dietary inflammatory potential and cardiovascular diseases risk factors (CVD-RFs) in a nationally-representative sample of non-institutionalized US adults using data from the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (2007-2012)...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486542/association-between-menarche-and-iron-deficiency-in-non-anemic-young-women
#17
Deepa L Sekhar, Laura E Murray-Kolb, Allen R Kunselman, Carol S Weisman, Ian M Paul
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of iron deficiency (ID) among non-pregnant, reproductive-age US women significantly exceeds rates among males. In clinical practice ID screening relies on hemoglobin, a late-stage indicator of ID. As a single, low-cost laboratory test to diagnose ID before anemia develops is lacking, the study objective was to improve ID screening by identifying risk factors among non-anemic, iron-deficient reproductive age women. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483969/association-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-human-papillomavirus-virus-infection-in-men-and-women-residing-in-the-unites-states
#18
Jennifer C Molokwu, Eribeth Penaranda, David S Lopez, Alok Dwivedi, Christopher Dodoo, Navkiran Shokar
BACKGROUND: An estimated 33 percent of adults in the US have metabolic syndrome which has been associated with an increased risk for various cancer types. Theories of synergism among components of MetS that increase cancer risk via chronic inflammation and oxidative stress have been proposed. We hypothesize that men and women with MetS may have compromised immunological response resulting in increased risk for persistent HPV infection. The goal of this study is to determine the association of MetS with HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18 and to explore variation of these associations by gender using data from a national survey...
May 8, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470095/impact-of-confounding-by-leukocyte-composition-on-associations-of-leukocyte-dna-methylation-with-common-risk-factors
#19
Jonathan Alexander Heiss, Hermann Brenner
AIM: One concern in epigenome-wide studies investigating leukocyte DNA methylation is that observed associations may at least partly reflect differences in leukocyte composition (LC) rather than changes in methylation. We estimated the magnitude of confounding by LC for common risk factors and diseases. MATERIALS & METHODS: Variation of LC according to sex, race, age, smoking, alcohol consumption, BMI, cardiovascular fitness, hypertension, coronary heart disease and diabetes was analyzed using blood differentials from 4117 participants of NHANES...
May 4, 2017: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468929/protein-and-energy-intakes-are-skewed-toward-the-evening-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-united-states-nhanes-2013-2014
#20
Kevin C Mathias, Suzana Almoosawi, Leonidas G Karagounis
Background: Emerging evidence suggests that the timing, amount at individual eating occasions, and distribution of protein and energy intakes throughout the day may affect health.Objective: We examined the timing, amounts, and distribution of protein and energy intakes throughout the day among participants aged 4-18 y in the United States in the context of chronobiology and nutrition.Methods: This cross-sectional analysis included 2532 participants aged 4-18 y who completed the first interviewer-administered 24-h dietary recall in NHANES 2013-2014...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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