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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727545/role-of-age-and-acculturation-in-diet-quality-among-mexican-americans-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2012
#1
Yilin Yoshida, Richard Scribner, Liwei Chen, Stephanie Broyles, Stephen Phillippi, Tung-Sung Tseng
Age and acculturation may play a role in diet quality among Mexican Americans. This study examined diet quality in Mexican Americans by age and whether acculturation influences diet quality across different age groups, using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Diet quality, measured by the Healthy Eating Index 2010, improved with age except in categories of dairy, sodium, and refined grains. More acculturation was associated with lower scores in overall diet quality and categories of vegetables, fruits, and sodium and empty calories across almost all ages, but higher scores in grain categories, especially in younger groups...
July 20, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726475/perceived-physical-activity-and-mortality-evidence-from-three-nationally-representative-u-s-samples
#2
Octavia H Zahrt, Alia J Crum
OBJECTIVE: This research sought to examine the relationship of individuals' perceptions about their level of physical activity with mortality outcomes at the population level. METHOD: This study used 3 nationally representative samples with a total sample size of 61,141 U.S. adults (weighted N = 476 million). Data from the 1990 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the 1999-2002/2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were linked to prospective National Death Index mortality data through 2011, yielding follow-up periods of up to 21 years...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723934/the-relationship-between-adiposity-and-bone-density-in-u-s-children-and-adolescents
#3
Cecilia Gállego Suárez, Benjamin H Singer, Achamyeleh Gebremariam, Joyce M Lee, Kanakadurga Singer
OBJECTIVE: In adults, obesity has been associated with several health outcomes including increased bone density. Our objective was to evaluate the association between percent body fat and fat mass with bone mineral density (BMD) in a nationally representative population of children and adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 8,348 participants 8-18 years of age from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2006 had whole body DXA scans performed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711417/food-insecurity-and-cognitive-function-in-older-adults-brief-report
#4
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the specific association between food insecurity and cognitive function among a national sample of the broader U.S. older adult population. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to identify 1851 adults, between 60 and 85 years, with complete data on selected study variables. The Food Security Survey Module (FSSM) was administered to assess food insecurity. We used the 10-item U...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710616/are-we-underestimating-the-rates-of-incontinence-after-prostate-cancer-treatment-results-from-nhanes
#5
Michael Daugherty, Raju Chelluri, Gennady Bratslavsky, Timothy Byler
PURPOSE: Local therapy for prostate cancer (PCa) includes radical prostatectomy (RP) and radiotherapy (XRT), both of which share a complication of urinary incontinence. Post-treatment incontinence has been reported to occur 6-69%, yet no truly patient-centered report has been compiled. We evaluated patient-reported incontinence rates and bother scores after treatment for prostate cancer. METHODS: The NHANES database was queried for all men who reported a diagnosis and treatment of PCa from 2001 to 2010...
July 14, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710077/tobacco-product-use-patterns-nicotine-and-tobacco-specific-nitrosamine-exposure-nhanes-1999-2012
#6
Kelvin Choi, Melanie Sabado, Sherine El-Toukhy, Emily Vogtmann, Neal D Freedman, Dorothy K Hatsukami
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined differences in product consumption patterns and nicotine and tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs) exposure between single versus dual and poly-tobacco users. We applied the Tobacco Product Use Patterns (T-PUPs) model to fill this gap in the literature. METHODS: Data from adults (aged >18 years) who used any tobacco products during the five days prior to participating in the 1999-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were analyzed...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709058/blood-cadmium-and-depressive-symptoms-confounded-by-cigarette-smoking
#7
Danielle E Kostrubiak, Caterina Vacchi-Suzzi, Dylan M Smith, Jaymie R Meliker
Our aim was to explore the association between blood cadmium (BCd) and depressive symptoms, adjusting for pack years and blood cotinine, and also stratifying by smoking status. Using data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2012, we categorized depressive symptoms using the PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionnaire-9) survey and modeled depressive symptoms in relation to BCd adjusted for blood cotinine, pack years of smoking, and other covariates. We also stratified by self-reported smoking status (current, former, never)...
July 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708118/low-energy-turnover-of-physically-inactive-participants-as-a-determinant-of-insufficient-mineral-and-vitamin-intake-in-nhanes
#8
Juliane Heydenreich, Katarina Melzer, Céline Flury, Bengt Kayser
Micronutrient requirements do not scale linearly with physical activity-related energy expenditure (AEE). Inactive persons may have insufficient micronutrient intake because of low energy intake (EI). We extracted data from NHANES 2003-2006 on 4015 adults (53 ± 18 years (mean ± SD), 29 ± 6 kg/m², 48% women) with valid physical activity (accelerometry) and food intake (2 × 24 h-dietary recall) measures. Total energy expenditure (TEE) was estimated by summing the basal metabolic rate (BMR, Harris-Benedict), AEE, and 10% of TEE for the thermic effect of food, to calculate the physical activity levels (PAL = TEE/BMR)...
July 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705696/muscle-grip-strength-is-associated-to-reduced-pulmonary-capacity-in-patients-with-diabetes
#9
Simon Lebech Cichosz, Esben Thyssen Vestergaard, Ole Hejlesen
AIM: This study investigates the role of muscle strength as a predictive factor for reduced pulmonary function in diabetes. METHODS: Data from the NHANES 2011-2012 were analyzed. Lung function was assessed with spirometry (FEV1, FVC). Diabetes was assessed with an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), or fasting plasma glucose (FPG). Muscle strength was measured by a grip test using a handgrip dynamometer. RESULTS: A total of 3521 people were suitable to be included for analysis in this study...
July 10, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701299/modeled-changes-in-us-sodium-intake-from-reducing-sodium-concentrations-of-commercially-processed-and-prepared-foods-to-meet-voluntary-standards-established-in-north-america-nhanes
#10
Mary E Cogswell, Sheena M Patel, Keming Yuan, Cathleen Gillespie, WenYen Juan, Christine J Curtis, Michel Vigneault, Jenifer Clapp, Paula Roach, Alanna Moshfegh, Jaspreet Ahuja, Pamela Pehrsson, Lauren Brookmire, Robert Merritt
Background: Approximately 2 in 3 US adults have prehypertension or hypertension that increases their risk of cardiovascular disease. Reducing sodium intake can decrease blood pressure and prevent hypertension. Approximately 9 in 10 Americans consume excess sodium (≥2300 mg/d). Voluntary sodium standards for commercially processed and prepared foods were established in North America, but their impact on sodium intake is unclear.Objective: We modelled the potential impact on US sodium intake of applying voluntary sodium standards for foods...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698340/leisure-time-physical-activity-and-circulating-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-in-cancer-survivors-a-cross-sectional-analysis-using-data-from-the-us-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#11
Lin Yang, Adetunji T Toriola
OBJECTIVES: Circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) is associated with improved cancer prognosis in some studies, yet it may be a surrogate marker for physical activity. We investigated the associations of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with circulating 25-OHD levels in cancer survivors, and determined whether associations differ by indoor and outdoor activity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: The US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697391/nutrients-in-one-carbon-metabolism-and-urinary-arsenic-methylation-in-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-2003-2004
#12
Margaret Kurzius-Spencer, Vanessa da Silva, Cynthia A Thomson, Vern Hartz, Chiu-Hsieh Hsu, Jefferey L Burgess, Mary Kay O'Rourke, Robin B Harris
Exposure to inorganic arsenic (inAs), a potent toxicant, occurs primarily through ingestion of food and water. The efficiency with which it is methylated to mono and dimethyl arsenicals (MMA and DMA) affects toxicity. Folate, vitamins B12 and B6 are required for 1C metabolism, and studies have found that higher levels of these nutrients increase methylation capacity and are associated with protection against adverse health effects from inAs, especially in undernourished populations. Our aim was to determine whether 1C-related nutrients are associated with greater inAs methylation capacity in a general population sample with overall adequate nutrition and low levels of As exposure...
July 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695242/spine-fracture-prevalence-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-women-and-men-aged-%C3%A2-40%C3%A2-years-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-2013-2014-supplementary-presentation
#13
F Cosman
Spine fracture prevalence is similar in men and women, increasing from <5% in those <60 to 11% in those 70-79 and 18% in those ≥80 years. Prevalence was higher with age, lower bone mineral density (BMD), and in those meeting criteria for spine imaging. Most subjects with spine fractures were unaware of them.
July 10, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689680/is-low-iodine-a-risk-factor-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-americans-without-thyroid-dysfunction-findings-from-nhanes
#14
H V Tran, N A Erskine, C I Kiefe, B A Barton, K L Lapane, V T H Do, R J Goldberg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Low body iodine levels are associated with cardiovascular disease, in part through alterations in thyroid function. While this association suggested from animal studies, it lacks supportive evidence in humans. This study examined the association between urine iodine levels and presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and stroke in adults without thyroid dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: This cross-sectional study included 2440 adults (representing a weighted n = 91,713,183) aged ≥40 years without thyroid dysfunction in the nationally-representative 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
June 15, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689150/association-of-urinary-phenolic-compounds-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-chronic-diarrheal-symptoms-evidence-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#15
Punyanganie S de Silva, Xuan Yang, Joshua R Korzenik, Rose H Goldman, Kristopher L Arheart, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
Endocrine disruptors such as phenolic compounds and parabens may be involved in chronic non-infective disease. While products incorporating these compounds are extensively utilized in consumer and personal products, little is known about their effect on bowel health. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) - consisting of the diseases ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease - and irritable bowel syndrome are common chronic non-infectious diarrheal diseases. Despite limited knowledge on the etiology of IBD, these diseases have increased prevalence in industrialized countries and cause significant impairment to quality of life...
July 6, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686148/national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-california-and-los-angeles-county-estimation-methods-and-analytic-considerations-1999-2006-and-2007-2014
#16
Jennifer D Parker, Deanna Kruszon-Moran, Leyla K Mohadjer, Sylvia M Dohrmann, Wendy Van de Kerckhove, Jason Clark, Vicki L Burt
Background California is the most populated state and Los Angeles County is the most populated county in the United States. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) sample weights and variance units were developed for these places to obtain subnational estimates. Objective This report describes the California and Los Angeles County NHANES 1999-2006 and 2007-2014 samples, including the creation of the sample weights and variance units and descriptions of the resulting data files. Some analytic guidelines are provided...
May 2017: Vital and Health Statistics. Series 2, Data Evaluation and Methods Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685282/bone-mineral-density-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#17
A Carfì, R Liperoti, D Fusco, S Giovannini, V Brandi, D L Vetrano, E Meloni, D Mascia, E R Villani, E Manes Gravina, R Bernabei, G Onder
This study analyzed data of bone mineral density (BMD) from a large cohort of adults with Down syndrome (DS). BMD was found to decrease with age more rapidly in these subjects than in the general population, exposing adults with DS to an increased risk of osteoporosis and bone fracture. INTRODUCTION: Down syndrome (DS) in adulthood presents with a high prevalence of osteoporosis. However, in DS, bone mineral density (BMD) can be underestimated due to short stature. Furthermore, the rate of age-related decline in BMD and its association with gender in DS has been rarely evaluated or compared with the general population...
July 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682743/recent-uptrend-in-whole-grain-intake-is-absent-for-low-income-adolescents-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2005-2012
#18
June M Tester, Cindy W Leung, Tashara M Leak, Barbara A Laraia
INTRODUCTION: Whole-grain consumption reduces risk of chronic disease, yet adolescents consume suboptimal amounts. It is unclear whether trends in consumption of whole grains have been positive among adolescents, and research assessing disparities by socioeconomic status is limited. The objective of our study was to evaluate recent trends in whole-grain consumption by US adolescents. METHODS: We examined data on 3,265 adolescents aged 13 to18 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2012...
July 6, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679340/a-robust-imputation-method-for-missing-responses-and-covariates-in-sample-selection-models
#19
Emmanuel O Ogundimu, Gary S Collins
Sample selection arises when the outcome of interest is partially observed in a study. Although sophisticated statistical methods in the parametric and non-parametric framework have been proposed to solve this problem, it is yet unclear how to deal with selectively missing covariate data using simple multiple imputation techniques, especially in the absence of exclusion restrictions and deviation from normality. Motivated by the 2003-2004 NHANES data, where previous authors have studied the effect of socio-economic status on blood pressure with missing data on income variable, we proposed the use of a robust imputation technique based on the selection-t sample selection model...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674622/use-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-us-adults-changes-over-time-and-by-demographic
#20
Jennifer S Davis, Hwa Young Lee, Jihye Kim, Shailesh M Advani, Ho-Lan Peng, Emilyn Banfield, Ernest T Hawk, Shine Chang, Alexis C Frazier-Wood
OBJECTIVE: Aspirin and non-aspirin non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are preventive against cardiovascular disease (CVD) and several cancer types, but long-term use has been associated with significant health risks, resulting in conflicting recommendations on NSAID use for prevention of CVD and cancer. Previous research indicates that aspirin use increases with age and CVD risk factors and that a large percentage of the US population regularly use analgesics, including NSAIDs, but there has not been a recent, in-depth assessment of NSAID use prevalence, changes in use over time or predictors of NSAID use in the USA...
2017: Open Heart
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