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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933741/reply-to-itkonen-and-lamberg-allardt-s-letter-to-the-editor-re-mcclure-et-al-nutrients-2017-9-95
#1
Scott T McClure, Lawrence J Appel
We appreciate Drs. Itkonen and Lamberg-Allardt's interest in our recent article "Dietary Sources of Phosphorus among Adults in the United States: Results from NHANES 2001-2014" [1] [...].
July 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931221/modeling-of-us-human-papillomavirus-hpv-seroprevalence-by-age-and-sexual-behavior-indicates-an-increasing-trend-of-hpv-infection-following-the-sexual-revolution
#2
Marc D Ryser, Anne Rositch, Patti E Gravitt
Background: The United States has experienced an increase in the incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers that are not screen-detectable. It has been hypothesized, but not directly demonstrated, that this is due to increasing HPV prevalence in the unvaccinated population. Methods: Female self-reported numbers of lifetime sex partners and HPV serology from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to develop mathematical models of sexual partner acquisition and antibody dynamics...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931217/prevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-among-females-after-vaccine-introduction-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-united-states-2003-2014
#3
Sara E Oliver, Elizabeth R Unger, Rayleen Lewis, Darius McDaniel, Julia W Gargano, Martin Steinau, Lauri E Markowitz
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was recommended in 2006 for routine vaccination of US females aged 11-12 years. Most vaccine used through 2014 was quadrivalent vaccine (4vHPV), which prevents HPV-6, -11, -16, and -18 infection. To evaluate vaccine impact, we measured HPV prevalence in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Methods: We analyzed HPV DNA types detected in self-collected cervicovaginal specimens and demographic, sexual behavior, and self-reported vaccination data from females 14-34 years old...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931017/trends-in-medication-use-by-body-mass-index-and-age-between-1988-and-2012-in-the-united-states
#4
Arshdeep K Randhawa, Jash S Parikh, Jennifer L Kuk
OBJECTIVE: Whether the increase in prescription medication use over time differs by age and obesity status is unclear. METHOD: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 1988 and 2012 was analyzed (n = 57,543). FINDINGS: Increased medication use over time was seen in older individuals of all body mass index (BMI) classes, with the most prominent increase in those with obesity (p<0.001). For example, older men (≥65y) with obesity took 3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923343/association-among-total-serum-isomers-of-perfluorinated-chemicals-glucose-homeostasis-lipid-profiles-serum-protein-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-adults-nhanes-2013-2014
#5
Hui-Shan Liu, Li-Li Wen, Pei-Lun Chu, Chien-Yu Lin
Perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) have been used widely in consumer products manufacture. Recent in vitro as well as animal studies have found that there are different toxicity and pharmacokinetic profiles between isomers of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and/or perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS). However, the differential effects of linear or branched PFOA/PFOS isomers on human beings have never been reported. Herein, we examined 1871 adult subjects (age older than 18 years) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2013-2014 to determine the association between the isomers of PFOA/PFOS and serum biochemistry profiles, including glucose, lipids, protein and components of metabolic syndrome (MS)...
September 15, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915883/plasma-trans-fatty-acids-levels-and-mortality-a-cohort-study-based-on-1999-2000-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#6
Haibo Li, Qian Zhang, Jiangen Song, Anshi Wang, Yunfei Zou, Lei Ding, Yufeng Wen
BACKGROUND: Trans-fatty acids (TFAs) occur in small amounts in nature but became widely produced by the food industry. The hazardous effects of different TFA subtypes to human health are controversial. We aimed to evaluate the association of plasma TFAs levels (elaidic acid, vaccenic acid, palmitelaidic acid, and linoelaidic acid) with mortality. METHODS: Utilizing 1999-2000 Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and linked mortality data, we performed a cohort study with 1456 participants and used Cox proportional hazards models and penalized smoothing spline plots to elucidate the relationships between TFAs and all-cause, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and cancer mortality...
September 16, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913889/prevalence-and-contributors-to-low-grade-inflammation-in-three-u-s-populations-of-reproductive-age-women
#7
Lindsey A Sjaarda, Rose G Radin, Chandra Swanson, Daniel L Kuhr, Sunni L Mumford, Noya Galai, Robert M Silver, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Neil J Perkins, Enrique F Schisterman
BACKGROUND: Inflammation, measured by high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), is linked to adverse reproductive outcomes. However, prevalence and predictors of low-grade inflammation are poorly understood among reproductive age women. Therefore, the current aim was to characterize: (i) the prevalence of elevated hsCRP and (ii) whether the association of various demographic, anthropometric, life style, and metabolic characteristics with higher hsCRP varies across populations of reproductive age women with varying risk profiles for adverse reproductive outcomes...
September 15, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911140/parity-and-risk-of-thyroid-autoimmunity-based-on-the-nhanes-2001-2002-2007-2008-2009-2010-and-2011-2012
#8
Marelle Yehuda, Chia-Hao Wang, Youngju Pak, Ken C Chiu, Andrew G Gianoukakis
Context: Autoimmune thyroid disease is more common in women than in men. Fetal microchimerism has been implicated as a potential explanation for this disparity. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between parity and thyroid autoimmunity in the US population. Design, Setting, Patients: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was used to identify females with antithyroperoxidase (TPOAb) and antithyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) measurements and parity data...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910242/how-does-the-social-get-under-the-gums-the-role-of-socio-economic-position-in-the-oral-systemic-health-link
#9
Noha Gomaa, Belinda Nicolau, Arjumand Siddiqi, Howard Tenenbaum, Michael Glogauer, Carlos Quiñonez
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the extent of association between systemic inflammation and periodontal disease in American adults, and to assess whether socio-economic position mediated this relationship. METHODS: We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES IV) (2001-2010). Systemic inflammation was defined by individual and aggregate (cumulative inflammatory load) biomarkers (C-reactive protein, white blood cell counts, neutrophil counts, and neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio)...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902145/replacing-american-breakfast-foods-with-ready-to-eat-rte-cereals-increases-consumption-of-key-food-groups-and-nutrients-among-us-children-and-adults-results-of-an-nhanes-modeling-study
#10
Colin D Rehm, Adam Drewnowski
Replacing the typical American breakfast with ready-to-eat cereals (RTECs) may improve diet quality. Our goal was to assess the impact of RTECs on diet quality measures for different age groups, using substitution modeling. Dietary intakes came from the 2007-2010 National Health and Examination Surveys (NHANES; n = 18,112). All breakfast foods, excluding beverages, were replaced on a per calorie basis, with frequency-weighted and age/race specific RTECs. Model 1 replaced foods with RTECs alone; Model 2 replaced foods with RTECs and milk...
September 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891729/early-age-related-macular-degeneration-with-cardiovascular-and-renal-comorbidities-an-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2005-2008
#11
Qi Cheng, Jinan B Saaddine, Ronald Klein, Richard Rothenberg, Chiu-Fang Chou, Dora Il'yasova
PURPOSE: A cross sectional study was designed to examine the relationship of early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with comorbidities of cardiovascular and renal conditions in the representative population using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2005-2008. METHODS: Participants (≥40 years) who underwent retinal photography were included. Early AMD was defined by the retinal digital images. The comorbidities were self-reported stroke and heart disease (HD), including angina pectoris (AP), coronary heart disease (CHD), congestive heart failure (CHF), and myocardial infarction (MI)...
September 11, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890274/serum-magnesium-concentrations-and-all-cause-cardiovascular-and-cancer-mortality-among-u-s-adults-results-from-the-nhanes-i-epidemiologic-follow-up-study
#12
Xi Zhang, Jin Xia, Liana C Del Gobbo, Adela Hruby, Qi Dai, Yiqing Song
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the associations of serum magnesium (Mg) concentrations with total and cause-specific mortality in a nationally representative sample of US adults. We investigate the dose-response relationships of baseline serum Mg concentrations with risk of mortalities in a large, nationally representative sample of US adults. METHODS: We analyzed prospective data of 14,353 participants aged 25-74 years with measures of serum Mg concentrations at baseline (1971-1975) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study (NHEFS)...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879825/changes-in-consumption-of-food-away-from-home-and-intakes-of-energy-and-other-nutrients-among-us-working-age-adults-2005-2014
#13
Jessica E Todd
OBJECTIVE: To document changes in consumption of food away from home (FAFH) and intakes of selected nutrients by working-age adults between 2005-06 and 2013-14, covering the most recent recessionary period and recovery. DESIGN: Means were compared across survey rounds relative to 2005-06. Multivariate regression was used to account for changes in demographic characteristics over time. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2005-2014...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879072/association-between-screen-time-and-depression-among-us-adults
#14
K C Madhav, Shardulendra Prasad Sherchand, Samendra Sherchan
Epidemiological surveys conducted in general populations have found that the prevalence of depression is about 9% in the United States. World Health Organization has projected that depression will be leading cause of disease burden by the year 2030. Growing evidence suggests that sedentary lifestyle is an important risk factor of depression among adults. The relationship between television watching/computer use and depression in US adults is still unknown. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between television watching/computer use and depression...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872397/cancer-specific-mortality-relative-to-engagement-in-muscle-strengthening-activities-and-lower-extremity-strength
#15
Scott Dankel, Jeremy P Loenneke, Paul D Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle strength and engagement in muscle strengthening activities are each inversely associated with all-cause mortality, however less is known on their relationship with cancer-specific mortality. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2002 NHANES were used assessing 2,773 individuals ≥50 years. Individuals were dichotomized at the 75(th) percentile for knee extensor strength, and engagement in muscle strengthening activities was acquired through self-report with ≥2 sessions per week were classified as meeting guidelines...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869919/cardiometabolic-health-in-asians-with-diabetes-in-the-us
#16
Andy Menke, Sarah Casagrande, Catherine C Cowie
AIMS: Asians develop diabetes at lower levels of adiposity than people of other race/ethnicities. However, there is limited data investigating the health of US Asians with diabetes. We compared cardiovascular risk factors in US Asians to other race/ethnicities stratified by diabetes status. METHODS: Among 4645 adults in the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), a cross-sectional survey of the US population, odds ratios were calculated for obesity, hypertension, and elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol associated with race/ethnicity after adjustment for age, sex, income, education, smoking, alcohol consumption, and health insurance...
August 12, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866631/association-of-gender-specific-risk-factors-in-metabolic-and-cardiovascular-diseases-an-nhanes-based-cross-sectional-study
#17
Xiu-E Zhang, Bei Cheng, Qian Wang, Jing-Jing Wan
In the present cross-sectional study, based on National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, 2007-2010) cohorts, various risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) were analyzed (n=12,153). The variables analyzed include, demographics, comorbidities associated with MetS or CVD, behavioral and dietary factors, while the primary endpoints were the prevalence of MetS and CVD. The prevalence of MetS and CVD was slightly higher in males as compared with females (42...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865378/high-throughput-dietary-exposure-predictions-for-chemical-migrants-from-food-contact-substances-for-use-in-chemical-prioritization
#18
Derya Biryol, Chantel I Nicolas, John Wambaugh, Katherine Phillips, Kristin Isaacs
Under the ExpoCast program, United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) researchers have developed a high-throughput (HT) framework for estimating aggregate exposures to chemicals from multiple pathways to support rapid prioritization of chemicals. Here, we present methods to estimate HT exposures to chemicals migrating into food from food contact substances (FCS). These methods consisted of combining an empirical model of chemical migration with estimates of daily population food intakes derived from food diaries from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
August 30, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858827/a-method-for-identifying-prevalent-chemical-combinations-in-the-u-s-population
#19
Dustin F Kapraun, John F Wambaugh, Caroline L Ring, Rogelio Tornero-Velez, R Woodrow Setzer
BACKGROUND: Through the food and water they ingest, the air they breathe, and the consumer products with which they interact at home and at work, humans are exposed to tens of thousands of chemicals, many of which have not been evaluated to determine their potential toxicities. Furthermore, while current chemical testing tends to focus on individual chemicals, the exposures that people actually experience involve mixtures of chemicals. Unfortunately, the number of mixtures that can be formed from the thousands of environmental chemicals is enormous, and testing all of them would be impossible...
August 24, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855422/very-low-food-security-in-us-households-is-predicted-by-complex-patterns-of-health-economics-and-service-participation
#20
Seul Ki Choi, Maryah S Fram, Edward A Frongillo
Background: Very low food security (VLFS) happens at the intersection of nuanced and complex patterns of risk characteristics across multiple domains. Little is known about the idiosyncratic situations that lead households to experience VLFS.Objective: We used classification and regression tree (CART) analysis, which can handle complex combinations of predictors, to identify patterns of characteristics that distinguish VLFS households in the United States from other households.Methods: Data came from 3 surveys, the 2011-2014 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), the 2005-2012 NHANES, and the 2002-2012 Current Population Survey (CPS), with sample participants aged ≥18 y and households with income <300% of the federal poverty line...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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