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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350635/evidence-on-the-validity-of-a-comprehensive-health-risk-index-and-implications-for-ambulatory-care-and-population-health-management
#1
Joseph M Massaro, Joanne M Murabito, Rhoda Au, Emily Carnahan, Tamara S Morgan, Christopher Murray, Elliott S Fisher, Eugene C Nelson, Stephen S Lim, Ralph B DʼAgostino
A novel, comprehensive health risk index for adults has been validated and is now ready for use to improve the health of individuals and populations. This health risk index provides an estimate of the avoidable risk of death for adults 30 years or older. It includes 12 evidence-based clinical and behavioral risk factors and was validated on discrimination and calibration using the NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) and Framingham Heart Study cohorts. The results from both cohorts were consistent and similar...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346543/prevalence-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-risk-factors-for-advanced-fibrosis-and-mortality-in-the-united-states
#2
Michael H Le, Pardha Devaki, Nghiem B Ha, Dae Won Jun, Helen S Te, Ramsey C Cheung, Mindie H Nguyen
In the United States, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease and associated with higher mortality according to data from earlier National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1988-1994. Our goal was to determine the NAFLD prevalence in the recent 1999-2012 NHANES, risk factors for advanced fibrosis (stage 3-4) and mortality. NAFLD was defined as having a United States Fatty Liver Index (USFLI) > 30 in the absence of heavy alcohol use and other known liver diseases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346492/dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-body-composition-reference-values-of-limbs-and-trunk-from-nhanes-1999-2004-with-additional-visualization-methods
#3
Benjamin J Hinton, Bo Fan, Bennett K Ng, John A Shepherd
Body Mass Index has traditionally been used as a measure of health, but Fat Mass Index (FMI) and Lean Mass Index (LMI) have been shown to be more predictive of mortality and health risk. Total body FMI and LMI reference curves have particularly been useful in quantifying sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity. Research has shown regional composition has significant associations to health outcomes. We derived FMI and LMI reference curves of the regions of the body (leg, arm, and trunk) for 15,908 individuals in the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data for each sex and ethnicity using the Lambda-Mu-Sigma (LMS) method and developed software to visualize this regional composition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345167/a-dynamic-estimation-of-obesity-using-nhanes-data-a-pseudo-panel-approach
#4
Michelle Saksena, Norman Maldonado
In this analysis, we examine the effect of wages on obesity by constructing pseudo-panels to conduct a dynamic estimation of Grossman's human capital model. The results indicate that wages have an increasing effect on obesity status. After accounting for past health status, the protective effect of wages commonly disseminated in the literature reverses on obesity status. The results may also indicate possible asymmetric consumption behavior between foods/nutrients that improve diet quality versus those that degrade it...
March 27, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340545/a-comparison-of-the-use-of-antidepressant-treatment-between-non-hispanic-black-and-white-and-mexican-american-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-united-states
#5
Alexandra Perez, Pierina Cabrera, Carolina Gutierrez, Jose Valdes
Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine antidepressant use among Mexican Americans (MA) and non-Hispanic (NH) blacks and whites with type 2 diabetes and depressive symptoms. Methods A secondary data analysis based on National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2012 cohort data included 560 noninstitutionalized civilian MA, NH black, and NH white adults with type 2 diabetes and depressive symptoms. Unadjusted and adjusted 2-way ANOVA models evaluated whether there was a difference in the use of antidepressants by depressive symptom level across race/ethnic group...
April 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340543/nhanes
#6
James A Fain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338905/the-reverse-j-shaped-association-between-serum-total-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentration-and-all-cause-mortality-the-impact-of-assay-standardization
#7
Ramón A Durazo-Arvizu, Bess Dawson-Hughes, Holly Kramer, Guichan Cao, Joyce Merkel, Paul M Coates, Christopher T Sempos
We evaluated the impact of standardizing the originally measured serum total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) values from Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, 1988-1994) on the association between 25(OH)D and rate of all-cause mortality. Values were standardized to the gold-standard laboratory method. Follow-up from 1990-2006 consisted of 15,099 participants aged at least 20 years at baseline, among whom there were 3,784 deaths. Relative risk of death was adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and season using Poisson regression...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337856/contribution-of-snacks-to-dietary-intakes-of-young-children-in-the-united-states
#8
Lenka H Shriver, Barbara J Marriage, Tama D Bloch, Colleen K Spees, Samantha A Ramsay, Rosanna P Watowicz, Christopher A Taylor
Nutritional quality of children's diets is a public health priority in the fight against childhood obesity and chronic diseases. The main purpose of this study was to determine contribution of snacks to energy and nutrient intakes and to identify leading snack food sources of energy, total fat, and added sugars amongst young children in the United States. Using the 2005-2012 NHANES data, dietary intakes of 2- to 5-year-old children were analysed from a parent-reported 24-hour dietary recall (n = 3,429). Snacking occasions were aggregated to determine the proportion of total food/beverage intake obtained from snacks, estimate energy, and nutrient intakes, and identify the leading snack food sources of energy, added sugars, and total fat...
March 23, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335374/beverage-consumption-among-u-s-children-aged-0-24-months-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#9
Carley A Grimes, Ewa A Szymlek-Gay, Theresa A Nicklas
Data on beverage consumption patterns in early life are limited. The aim of this study was to describe beverage consumption by sociodemographic characteristics, along with water intake and sources of water among U.S. children aged 0-24 months. Data from 2740 children in the 2005-2012 NHANES were analysed. Food intake was determined via one 24-h dietary recall. Beverages were categorised according to What We Eat In America groups. Poverty-Income ratio was used to define household income. During infancy (0-5...
March 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332449/estimated-daily-intake-and-safety-of-fd-c-food-colour-additives-in-the-us-population
#10
Maria Bastaki, Thomas Farrell, Sachin Bhusari, Xiaoyu Bi, Carolyn Scrafford
A refined exposure assessment was undertaken to calculate the Estimated Daily Intake (EDI) of the seven FD&C straight colour additives and five FD&C colour lakes ("synthetic" food colours) approved in the United States (US). The EDIs were calculated for the US population as a whole and specific age groups, including children 2-5 y, children 6-12 y, adolescents 13-18 y, and adults 19+ y. Actual use data were collected from an industry survey of companies who are users of these colour additives in a variety of products, with additional input from food colour manufacturers...
March 23, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325597/relationships-between-acrylamide-and-glycidamide-hemoglobin-adduct-levels-and-allergy-related-outcomes-in-general-us-population-nhanes-2005-2006
#11
Jing Guo, Dongdong Yu, Na Lv, Rongpan Bai, Chunjing Xu, Guangdi Chen, Weiming Cao
BACKGROUND: Acrylamide-induced immunotoxicity and allergic dermatitis have been reported in animal experiments and clinical reports, respectively. However, epidemiological evidence from the general population is limited. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to estimate the associations between acrylamide exposure and allergy-related outcomes in the general US population. METHODS: A total of 6982 subjects were selected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006 (NHANES)...
March 18, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325044/predictors-of-per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substance-pfas-plasma-concentrations-in-6-10-year-old-american-children
#12
Maria H Harris, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Antonia M Calafat, Xiaoyun Ye, Ana Maria Mora, Thomas F Webster, Emily Oken, Sharon K Sagiv
Certain per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are suspected developmental toxicants, but data on PFAS concentrations and exposure routes in children are limited. We measured plasma PFASs in children aged 6-10 years from the Boston-area Project Viva pre-birth cohort, and used multivariable linear regression to estimate associations with sociodemographic, behavioral, and health-related factors, and maternal PFASs measured during pregnancy. PFAS concentrations in Project Viva children (sampled 2007-2010) were similar to concentrations among youth participants (aged 12-19 years) in the 2007-8 and 2009-10 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES); mean concentrations of most PFASs declined from 2007 to 2010 in Project Viva and NHANES...
March 22, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322573/blood-lead-levels-and-neurodevelopmental-function-in-perinatally-hiv-exposed-uninfected-children-in-a-us-based-longitudinal-cohort-study
#13
Katherine Tassiopoulos, Yanling Huo, Joseph Braun, Paige L Williams, Renee Smith, Ann Aschengrau, Sharon Nichols, Rohan Hazra, William A Meyer, Katherine Knapp, Nagamah S Deygoo, George R Seage Iii
BACKGROUND: While children's exposure to environmental lead in the U.S. has decreased, areas of elevated levels remain. Because lead exposure is a risk factor for developmental delays, it should be considered when studying neurodevelopmental effects of in-utero antiretroviral medication (ARV) exposure in the growing population of perinatally HIV-exposed, uninfected children (PHEU). We compared blood lead levels (BPb) in PHEU children enrolled in the Surveillance Monitoring of ART Toxicities (SMARTT) Study to U...
March 21, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321702/association-between-level-of-urinary-trace-heavy-metals-and-obesity-among-children-aged-6-19%C3%A2-years-nhanes-1999-2011
#14
Wentao Shao, Qian Liu, Xiaowei He, Hui Liu, Aihua Gu, Zhaoyan Jiang
Global prevalence of obesity has been increasing dramatically in all ages. Although traditional causes for obesity development have been studied widely, it is unclear whether environmental exposure of substances such as trace heavy metals affects obesity development among children and adolescents so far. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2011) were retrieved, and 6602 US children were analyzed in this study. Urinary level of nine trace heavy metals, including barium, cadmium, cobalt, cesium, molybdenum, lead, antimony, thallium, and tungsten, was analyzed for their association with the prevalence of obesity among children aged 6-19 years...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319105/link-of-dietary-patterns-with-metabolic-syndrome-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#15
M Mazidi, S Pennathur, F Afshinnia
BACKGROUND: Population-based interventions aimed at halting the increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) require thorough understanding of dietary interplays. Objective is to identify the independent dietary nutrients associated with MetS and its components using dietary pattern identification and the single-nutrient approaches in The United States. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observation. Participants are selected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) with available dietary intake, biochemical and anthropometrical data from 2001 to 2012...
March 20, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318630/sarcopenia-and-its-individual-criteria-are-associated-in-part-with-mortality-among-patients%C3%A2-on-hemodialysis
#16
Piyawan Kittiskulnam, Glenn M Chertow, Juan J Carrero, Cynthia Delgado, George A Kaysen, Kirsten L Johansen
The relative importance of sarcopenia and its individual components as independent predictors of mortality in the dialysis population has not been determined. We estimated whole-body muscle mass using pre-dialysis bioimpedance spectroscopy measurements in 645 ACTIVE/ADIPOSE-enrolled prevalent hemodialysis patients from San Francisco and Atlanta. Low muscle mass was defined as two standard deviations below sex-specific means for young adults from NHANES and indexed to height(2), body weight, body surface area, or body mass index...
March 16, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315954/trends-in-osteoporosis-and-low-bone-mass-in-older-us-adults-2005-2006-through-2013-2014
#17
A C Looker, N Sarafrazi Isfahani, B Fan, J A Shepherd
This study examined trends in osteoporosis and low bone mass in older US adults between 2005 and 2014 using bone mineral density (BMD) data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Osteoporosis and low bone mass appear to have increased at the femur neck but not at the lumbar spine during this period. INTRODUCTION: Recent preliminary data from Medicare suggest that the decline in hip fracture incidence among older US adults may have plateaued in 2013-2014, but comparable data on BMD trends for this time period are currently lacking...
March 18, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304338/serum-magnesium-concentrations-in-the-canadian-population-and-associations-with-diabetes-glycemic-regulation-and-insulin-resistance
#18
Jesse Bertinato, Kuan Chiao Wang, Stephen Hayward
Total serum magnesium (Mg) concentration (SMC) is commonly used to assess Mg status. This study reports current SMCs of Canadians and their associations with demographic factors, diabetes, and measures of glycemic control and insulin resistance using results from the Canadian Health Measures Survey cycle 3 (2012-2013). Associations were examined in adults aged 20-79 years using linear mixed models. Mean SMCs and percentile distributions for 11 sex-age groups between 3 and 79 years (n = 5561) are reported. SMCs were normally distributed and differences (p < 0...
March 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301314/metabolic-syndrome-prevalence-by-race-ethnicity-and-sex-in-the-united-states-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1988-2012
#19
Justin Xavier Moore, Ninad Chaudhary, Tomi Akinyemiju
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors associated with increased risk of multiple chronic diseases, including cancer and cardiovascular disease. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome overall, by race and sex, and to assess trends in prevalence from 1988 through 2012. METHODS: We analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 1988 through 2012...
March 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298537/obesity-mediates-the-association-between-mediterranean-diet-consumption-and-insulin-resistance-and-inflammation-in-us-adults
#20
Yong-Moon Park, Jiajia Zhang, Susan E Steck, Teresa T Fung, Linda J Hazlett, Kyungdo Han, Seung-Hyun Ko, Anwar T Merchant
Background: The inverse association between Mediterranean diet (Med-diet) consumption and insulin resistance or inflammatory markers is well known. However, the extent to which obesity may act directly on or mediate this association is unclear.Objective: We aimed to investigate whether the associations between Med-diet consumption and markers of insulin resistance and inflammation are mediated by body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC) in a representative US population.Methods: We used cross-sectional data from 4700 adults aged 20-90 y without any previous diagnosis of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or hypertension based on the NHANES III, 1988-1994...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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