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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786140/gender-differences-in-the-association-of-periodontitis-and-type-2-diabetes
#1
Ying Liu, Yang Yu, Jeffrey C Nickel, Laura R Iwasaki, Peipei Duan, Melanie Simmer-Beck, Laura Brown
AIMS: THE OBJECTIVE WAS TO INVESTIGATE IF GENDER DIFFERENCES EXIST IN THE ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN PERIODONTITIS AND TYPE 2 DIABETES. DISPROPORTIONATE DISPARITIES BY GENDER WERE FOUND TO EXIST IN RATES OF BOTH PERIODONTITIS AND DIABETES WITH RESPECT TO DEMOGRAPHICS AND BEHAVIOURAL PREDICTORS THAT CANNOT BE EXPLAINED SOLELY BY THE WELL-ESTABLISHED ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THESE TWO DISEASES. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MULTIPLE DATASETS WERE EXTRACTED FROM THE NATIONAL HEALTH AND NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY (NHANES) 2009-2014, WHICH USED A STRATIFIED MULTISTAGE PROBABILITY SAMPLING TO OBTAIN SAMPLES FROM ALL CIVILIAN NON-INSTITUTIONALISED PEOPLE IN THE USA...
May 22, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779929/prescription-medication-use-and-antinuclear-antibodies-in-the-united-states-1999-2004
#2
Gregg E Dinse, Christine G Parks, Helen C S Meier, Caroll A Co, Edward K L Chan, Todd A Jusko, James Yeh, Frederick W Miller
BACKGROUND: Clinical reports link specific medications with the development of antinuclear antibodies (ANA), but population-based evidence is limited. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated associations between prescription medication use and ANA in a representative sample of the adult noninstitutionalized US population, first focusing on medications previously related to ANA and then considering all medications reported in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779504/association-of-dietary-patterns-of-american-adults-with-bone-mineral-density-and-fracture
#3
Mohsen Mazidi, Andre Pascal Kengne, Hassan Vatanparast
OBJECTIVE: In a representative sample of US adults, we investigated the associations of nutrient patterns (NP) with bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: US community-based National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). SUBJECTS: Participants with measured data on dietary intake and BMD from 2005 to 2010 were included. Principal components analysis was used to identify NP...
May 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775915/impact-of-declining-exposure-to-secondhand-tobacco-smoke-in-public-places-to-decreasing-smoking-related-cancer-mortality-in-the-us-population
#4
Esther García-Esquinas, Angélica Jiménez, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso, Miranda R Jones, Beatriz Perez-Gomez, Ana Navas-Acien, Maria Tellez-Plaza
BACKGROUND: The major decrease in exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) in public places in recent decades could have contributed to the decline in smoking-related cancer mortality observed in the US population. METHODS: Prospective study among 11,856 non-smoking adults aged ≥40 years who participated in NHANES 1988-1994 or 1999-2004 and were followed for mortality through 2006. We estimated the amount of change in cancer mortality over time attributed to the intermediate pathway of changes in SHS exposure in public places, after adjustment for risk factors and SHS exposure at home...
May 15, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775432/estimating-usual-dietary-in-take-from-national-health-and-nut-rition-examination-survey-data-using-the-national-cancer-institute-method
#5
Kristen A Herrick, Lauren M Rossen, Ruth Parsons, Kevin W Dodd
Dietary recommendations are intended to be met based on dietary intake over long periods, as associations between diet and health result from habitual intake, not a single eating occasion or day of intake. Measuring usual intake directly is impractical for large population-based surveys due to the respondent burden associated with reporting habitual intake over longer periods. Therefore, analytical techniques were developed to estimate usual intake using as few as 2 days of 24-hour dietary recall data. With National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data, this report demonstrates how to estimate usual intake using the National Cancer Institute (NCI)...
February 2018: Vital and Health Statistics. Series 2, Data Evaluation and Methods Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775431/national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-estimation-procedures-2011-2014
#6
Te-Ching Chen, Jennifer D Parker, Jason Clark, Hee-Choon Shin, Jennifer R Rammon, Vicki L Burt
This report describes the methods used to create NHANES 2011-2014 sample weights and variance units for the public-use data files, including sample weights for selected subsamples, such as the fasting subsample. The impacts of sample design changes on estimation for NHANES 2011-2014 and the addition of the NHANES National Youth Fitness Survey (NNYFS) 2012 are described. Approaches that data users can employ to modify sample weights when combining survey cycles or when combining subsamples are also included.
January 2018: Vital and Health Statistics. Series 2, Data Evaluation and Methods Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769036/estimates-of-state-level-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-stratified-by-race-and-sex-united-states-2010
#7
Eric W Hall, Eli S Rosenberg, Patrick S Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the most common blood-borne viral infection in the United States. Previously, we used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and mortality data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) to estimate the prevalence of HCV antibodies (anti-HCV) and HCV RNA among all U.S. states. However, demographic differences in HCV burden at the state-level have not been systematically described. This analysis quantified the HCV burden stratified by sex and race (and associated disparities) for each U...
May 16, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768398/urinary-metabolites-of-volatile-organic-compounds-of-infants-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#8
Dina El-Metwally, Krista Chain, Matthew P Stefanak, Udeni Alwis, Benjamin C Blount, Judy S LaKind, Cynthia F Bearer
BackgroundPreterm infants (PTI) in the NICU are often placed in incubators that may increase their exposure to volatile organic chemicals (VOCs). To determine whether PTI in incubators have higher urinary concentrations of VOC metabolites compared with infants in cribs.MethodsUrine from 40 PTI in incubators and 40 infants in cribs was collected and analyzed for 28 urinary VOC biomarkers. Differences in metabolite concentrations between the two groups were compared.ResultsTwenty two of the VOC metabolites were detected in at least one urine sample...
May 16, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767673/modeling-the-impact-of-folic-acid-fortification-and-supplementation-on-red-blood-cell-folate-concentrations-and-predicted-neural-tube-defect-risk-in-the-united-states-have-we-reached-optimal-prevention
#9
Krista S Crider, Yan Ping Qi, Owen Devine, Sarah C Tinker, Robert J Berry
Background: The US CDC and the Institute of Medicine recommend that women capable of becoming pregnant consume ≥400 µg synthetic folic acid/d to prevent neural tube defects (NTDs). The United States has 3 sources of folic acid: fortified enriched cereal grain products (ECGPs), fortified ready-to-eat (RTE) cereals, and dietary supplements. Objective: Our objectives were as follows: 1) to estimate the usual daily folic acid intake and distributions of red blood cell (RBC) folate concentrations among women consuming folic acid from different sources; 2) to assess the usual daily total folic acid intake associated with optimal RBC folate concentrations for NTD prevention; 3) to predict NTD prevalence; and 4) to estimate the number of preventable folate-sensitive NTDs...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763869/exposure-of-dioxin-like-chemicals-in-participants-of-the-anniston-community-health-survey-follow-up
#10
Eric Yang, Marian Pavuk, Andreas Sjödin, Michael Lewin, Richard Jones, Jim Olson, Linda Birnbaum
The 2014 follow-up of the Anniston Community Health Survey (ACHS II) consisted of 338 surviving participants from the 2005-2007 baseline study (ACHS) who had previous polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) measurements, were not pregnant, and were not institutionalized. Questionnaires and blood samples provided the demographic, personal history, and chemical concentration data of the Anniston residents. Approximately 51% of participants were African American, 72% were female, and the mean age was 63 years old. The objectives of this study were to provide an exposure assessment of dioxin-like chemicals in the ACHS II participants and compare the measurements with the general United States (U...
May 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763863/environmental-tin-exposure-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-u-s-adults-and-children-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2014
#11
Hans-Joachim Lehmler, Manuel Gadogbe, Buyun Liu, Wei Bao
Tin is a naturally occurring heavy metal that occurs in the environment in both inorganic and organic forms. Human exposure to tin is almost ubiquitous; however, surprisingly little is known about factors affecting environmental tin exposure in humans. This study analyzed demographic, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors associated with total urinary tin levels in adults (N = 3522) and children (N = 1641) participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014, a nationally representative health survey in the United States...
May 12, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762863/objective-physical-activity-levels-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Blathin Casey, Susan Coote, Rose Galvin, Alan Donnelly
PURPOSE: To quantify physical activity (PA) levels in people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS) using objective measurement and to establish using a meta-analytical approach if pwMS are less active than the general population. METHODS: A systematic search of 8 databases was conducted. Cohort and intervention studies which included an objective measure of PA were included. Objective PA outputs of steps per day and minutes of moderate-vigorous activity (MVPA) per day were extracted from the MS studies and the published NHANES dataset...
May 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759542/a-new-qt-interval-correction-formulae-to-adjust-for-increases-in-heart-rate
#13
Simon W Rabkin, Elena Szefer, Darby J S Thompson
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to develop a formula from a large population-based study that best fit the QT-heart rate (HR) relationship independent of the standard mathematical relationships. BACKGROUND: Attempts to adjust or correct for the impact of HR on the QT interval (QTc) have applied various mathematical equations to electrocardiographic (ECG) data rather than allowing the data to determine the form of the relationship. METHODS: A spline correction function was developed using the ECG data from NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys) II and III...
July 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755730/having-concomitant-asthma-phenotypes-is-common-and-independently-relates-to-poor-lung-function-in-nhanes-2007-2012
#14
Rita Amaral, João A Fonseca, Tiago Jacinto, Ana M Pereira, Andrei Malinovschi, Christer Janson, Kjell Alving
Background: Evidence for distinct asthma phenotypes and their overlap is becoming increasingly relevant to identify personalized and targeted therapeutic strategies. In this study, we aimed to describe the overlap of five commonly reported asthma phenotypes in US adults with current asthma and assess its association with asthma outcomes. Methods: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 2007-2012 were used (n = 30,442). Adults with current asthma were selected...
2018: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753806/the-association-between-income-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-is-moderated-by-utilitarian-lifestyles-a-nationally-representative-us-population-nhanes-1999-2014
#15
Lisa Kakinami, Rita Wissa, Rahid Khan, Gilles Paradis, Tracie A Barnett, Lise Gauvin
The objective of this study was to determine whether the relationship between income and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) persists after accounting for a person's utilitarian PA (all non-LTPA), sociodemographic characteristics and transportation PA. Data were from eight cycles (1999-2014) of the nationally representative samples of the US adult population from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (n = 35,239). Whether the poverty income ratio (0-1.3, 1.3-1.86, 1.86+ [reference]) was associated with minutes of LTPA (moderate, vigorous) after stratifying for utilitarian PA (sedentary, light, moderate, and vigorous) was assessed in multiple linear regressions adjusted for age, sex, race, education, marital status, weight status, hours worked, and minutes of transportation-related PA in the past week...
May 10, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753146/exposure-to-acrylamide-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2003-2006
#16
Yu Zhang, Mengmeng Huang, Pan Zhuang, Jingjing Jiao, Xinyu Chen, Jun Wang, Yongning Wu
BACKGROUND: Long-term exposure to acrylamide (AA) from diet sources may induce oxidative stress and chronic inflammation. However, the association between AA exposure and the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine the association between blood exposure levels of AA biomarkers and the prevalence of main types of CVD in a general population of US adults. METHODS: We analyzed the associations between AA hemoglobin biomarkers [hemoglobin adducts of acrylamide (HbAA) and glycidamide (HbGA), sum of HbAA and HbGA (HbAA+HbGA), and ratio of HbGA to HbAA (HbGA:HbAA)] and self-reported diagnosis of CVD in 8290 adults (≥20 years of age) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2006...
May 9, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752772/associations-between-circulating-sex-steroid-hormones-and-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-men-in-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#17
S B Coburn, B I Graubard, B Trabert, K A McGlynn, M B Cook
Preliminary evidence suggests that sex steroid hormones, such as danazol (a synthetic sex steroid hormone), may be involved in enhancing telomerase activity. Elucidating underlying mechanisms of telomerase activity may further therapeutic options for individuals with telomeropathies and potentially avert certain age-related conditions. Therefore, we conducted a cross-sectional study to investigate the relationship between circulating sex steroid hormones and SHBG with leukocyte telomere length among 499 males in NHANES (1999-2002 surveys)...
May 11, 2018: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750774/genital-wart-and-human-papillomavirus-prevalence-in-men-in-the-united-states-from-penile-swabs-results-from-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys
#18
Michael Daugherty, Timothy Byler
INTRODUCTION: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection in the United States that can lead to both malignant (high-risk) and benign (low-risk) findings. These low-risk findings include both genital condyloma, anal warts, and adult or juvenile papillomatosis, which are directly attributable to subtypes HPV 6 and HPV 11. We aim to estimate the prevalence of genital wart infections in men in the US population using a nationwide sample. METHODS: The NHANES database was queried for all men aged 18 to 59 years during the years 2013 to 2014...
June 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748513/a-case%C3%A2-control-study-of-socio-economic-and-nutritional-characteristics-as-determinants-of-dental-caries-in-different-age-groups-considered-as-public-health-problem-data-from-nhanes-2013%C3%A2-2014
#19
Laura A Zanella-Calzada, Carlos E Galván-Tejada, Nubia M Chávez-Lamas, Ma Del Carmen Gracia-Cortés, Arturo Moreno-Báez, Jose G Arceo-Olague, Jose M Celaya-Padilla, Jorge I Galván-Tejada, Hamurabi Gamboa-Rosales
One of the principal conditions that affects oral health worldwide is dental caries, occurring in about 90% of the global population. This pathology has been considered a challenge because of its high prevalence, besides being a chronic but preventable disease which can be caused by a series of different demographic, dietary" among others. Based on this problem, in this research a demographic and dietary features analysis is performed for the classification of subjects according to their oral health status based on caries, according to the age group where the population belongs, using as feature selector a technique based on fast backward selection (FBS) approach for the development of three predictive models, one for each age range (group 1: 10⁻19; group 2: 20⁻59; group 3: 60 or more years old)...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746975/nutrition-status-bone-mass-density-and-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors
#20
Shannon Kindilien, Elle M Goldberg, Melissa H Roberts, Diana Gonzales-Pacheco
The association between selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) use and bone mass density (BMD) has been debated. Inadequate diet, which may occur in depressed individuals prescribed SSRIs is also associated with decreased BMD. This study seeks to determine if SSRI use in adults is associated with lower than average BMD while controlling for nutrition related variables. Further, it investigates whether there are potential interactions between micronutrients and SSRI use on BMD. Adults, 655 with an SSRI prescription ≥180 days and 12,372 non-users, were identified in the 2005-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data...
May 7, 2018: Preventive Medicine
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