keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sport and protein

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740341/circulating-mirnas-as-putative-biomarkers-of-exercise-adaptation-in-endurance-horses
#1
Katia Cappelli, Stefano Capomaccio, Andrea Viglino, Maurizio Silvestrelli, Francesca Beccati, Livia Moscati, Elisabetta Chiaradia
Endurance exercise induces metabolic adaptations and has recently been reported associated with the modulation of a particular class of small noncoding RNAs, microRNAs, that act as post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. Released into body fluids, they termed circulating miRNAs, and they have been recognized as more effective and accurate biomarkers than classical serum markers. This study examined serum profile of miRNAs through massive parallel sequencing in response to prolonged endurance exercise in samples obtained from four competitive Arabian horses before and 2 h after the end of competition...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724137/pursuit-of-proteomic-excellence-and-the-excitement-in-ko%C3%A5-ice-slovakia-at-the-11th-central-and-eastern-european-proteomic-conference-ceepc
#2
Suresh Gadher, Mangesh Bhide, Hana Kovarova
The Central and Eastern European Proteomic Conference (CEEPC) successfully launched its second decade of proteomics in Košice, Slovakia with a program of systems biology, cellular, clinical, veterinary and sports proteomics. Whilst many conferences are struggling to attract participants, CEEPC with its outstanding track record and unique 'family - feel' packaged with excellent ambiance is thriving and bringing together proteomics experts from academia, industry, scientific specialties, clinics and precision medicine communities interested in resolving mysteries about protein functionalities in health and disease...
May 4, 2018: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722578/a-review-of-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-relative-energy-deficiency-in-sport-red-s-in-artistic-synchronized-swimming
#3
Sherry Robertson, Margo Mountjoy
The syndrome Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) is a clinical entity characterized by low energy availability (LEA), which can negatively affect the health and performance of both male and female athletes. The underlying mechanism of RED-S is an inadequacy of dietary energy to support optimal health and performance. This syndrome refers to impaired physiological function including metabolic rate, menstrual function, bone health, immunity, protein synthesis, and cardiovascular health, with psychological consequences which can either precede (through restrictive dietary habits) or result from RED-S...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706930/a-preliminary-report-on-brain-derived-extracellular-vesicle-as-novel-blood-biomarkers-for-sport-related-concussions
#4
Keisuke Kawata, Masato Mitsuhashi, Randy Aldret
The purpose of the study was to test the utility of unique panel of blood biomarkers as a means to reflect one's recovery process after sport-related neurotrauma. We established a panel of biomarkers that reacted positive with CD81 (extracellular vesicle marker) and various neuron- and glia-specific antigens [e.g., neurofilament light polypeptide (NF-L), tau, synaptosome-associated protein 25 (SNAP25), glial fibrillary acidic protein, and myelin basic protein]. We first evaluated test-retest reliabilities of brain-derived exosome markers, followed by an application of these markers in eight professional ice hockey players to detect cumulative neuronal burden from a single ice hockey season...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685283/blood-biomarkers-are-associated-with-brain-function-and-blood-flow-following-sport-concussion
#5
Alex P Di Battista, Nathan Churchill, Tom A Schweizer, Shawn G Rhind, Doug Richards, Andrew J Baker, Michael G Hutchison
BACKGROUND: Secondary injury pathophysiology after sport-related concussion (SRC) is poorly understood. Blood biomarkers may be a useful tool for characterizing these processes, yet there are limitations in their application as a single modality. Combining blood biomarker analysis with advanced neuroimaging may help validate their continued utility in brain injury research by elucidating important secondary injury mechanisms. Hence, the purpose of this study was to evaluate co-modulation between peripheral blood biomarkers and advanced functional brain imaging after SRC...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666559/assessing-performance-in-pre-season-wrestling-athletes-using-biomarkers
#6
Ionas Papassotiriou, Artemissia-Phoebe Nifli
Introduction: Although regular training introduces the desired changes in athletes' metabolism towards optimal final performance, literature is rarely focusing on the metabolic responses off-competition. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate biochemical indices during typical preseason training in wrestling athletes. Materials and methods: Twenty male freestyle and Greco-roman wrestlers (14 to 31 years) followed a typical session of the preparatory phase...
June 15, 2018: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656073/protective-therapeutic-effects-of-peptide-nanofiber-and-hyaluronic-acid-hybrid-membrane-in-in-vivo-osteoarthritis-model
#7
Elif Arslan, Melis Sardan Ekiz, Cagla Eren Cimenci, Nuray Can, M Hanifi Gemci, Huseyin Ozkan, Mustafa O Guler, Ayse B Tekinay
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a condition where tissue function is lost through a combination of secondary inflammation and deterioration in articular cartilage. One of the most common causes of OA is age-related tissue impairment because of wear and tear due to mechanical erosion. Hyaluronic acid-based viscoelastic supplements have been widely used for the treatment of knee injuries. However, the current formulations of hyaluronic acid are unable to provide efficient healing and recovery. Here, a nanofiber-hyaluronic acid membrane system that was prepared by using a quarter of the concentration of commercially available hyaluronic acid supplement, Hyalgan® , was used for the treatment of an osteoarthritis model, and Synvisc® , which is another commercially available hyaluronic acid containing viscoelastic supplement, was used as a control...
April 12, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651510/-vomiting-and-collapse-of-a-28-year-old-male-long-distance-runner-in-middle-european-summer
#8
J Herold, A Mitrasch, E Lorenz, U Lodes, I Tanev, R Braun-Dullaeus, F Meyer
BACKGROUND: Hyperthermia often ends fatally and must therefore be promptly recognized and adequately treated. CASE: A 28-year-old man participated in a long-distance race (3 km) on a hot summer day (28 °C). The runner collapsed, had to vomit but continued the run and reached the finish. Neurologically, the patient presented with intermittent cerebral seizures. External cooling batteries were immediately applied and cold infusions were started. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit of the university hospital (body temperature 40...
April 12, 2018: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627089/key-nutritional-strategies-to-optimize-performance-in-para-athletes
#9
REVIEW
Jacque Scaramella, Nuwanee Kirihennedige, Elizabeth Broad
Para athletes are a high-risk population for inadequate dietary intake leading to insufficiencies in nutrients important to athletic performance. This is partly due to minimal support and resources, especially in sport nutrition education, combined with limited prior nutrition knowledge and risks associated with different impairment types. Inadequate energy, carbohydrate, protein, iron, and vitamin D status are of particular concern in Para athletes. Assessment of these key nutrients, along with sport nutrition education, is needed to empower Para athletes with the knowledge to understand their individual nutrition needs and maximize athletic performance...
May 2018: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625618/exposure-to-radial-extracorporeal-shock-waves-modulates-viability-and-gene-expression-of-human-skeletal-muscle-cells-a-controlled-in-vitro-study
#10
Stefan G Mattyasovszky, Eva K Langendorf, Ulrike Ritz, Christoph Schmitz, Irene Schmidtmann, Tobias E Nowak, Daniel Wagner, Alexander Hofmann, Pol M Rommens, Philipp Drees
BACKGROUND: Recent clinical and animal studies have shown that extracorporeal shock wave therapy has a promoting influence on the healing process of musculoskeletal disorders. However, the underlying biological effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on human skeletal muscle cells have not yet been investigated. METHODS: In this study, we investigated human skeletal muscle cells after exposure to radial extracorporeal shock waves in a standardized in vitro setup...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614035/investigating-the-nutritional-and-recovery-habits-of-tennis-players
#11
James A Fleming, Robert J Naughton, Liam D Harper
In this study, the nutritional and recovery habits of tennis players pre-, during, and post-match-play were investigated. Seventy tennis players completed a bespoke nutrition and recovery habits questionnaire, with questions related to the following areas: match preparation, intra-match nutritional habits, situation dependent variables, and post-match nutrition and recovery. On match day-1, the consumption of balanced meals consisting of carbohydrate (CHO), fat and protein, with some micronutrient considerations were reported by 51% of players...
April 3, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589779/telomere-length-is-independently-associated-with-age-oxidative-biomarkers-and-sport-training-in-skeletal-muscle-of-healthy-adult-males
#12
Fiorenza Magi, Ivan Dimauro, Fabrizio Margheritini, Guglielmo Duranti, Neri Mercatelli, Cristina Fantini, Francesca Romana Ripani, Stefania Sabatini, Daniela Caporossi
In skeletal muscle, which mainly contains postmitotic myonuclei, it has been suggested that telomere length remains roughly constant throughout adult life, or shortens in response to physiopathological conditions in muscle diseases or in the elderly. However, telomere length results from both the replicative history of a specific tissue and the exposure to environmental, DNA damage-related factors, therefore the predictive biological significance of telomere measures should combine the analysis of the various interactive factors...
March 28, 2018: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571261/genomic-stability-and-telomere-regulation-in-skeletal-muscle-tissue
#13
REVIEW
Larissa Alexsandra da Silva Neto Trajano, Eduardo Tavares Lima Trajano, Marco Aurélio Dos Santos Silva, Ana Carolina Stumbo, Andre Luiz Mencalha, Adenilson de Souza da Fonseca
Muscle injuries are common, especially in sports and cumulative trauma disorder, and their repair is influenced by free radical formation, which causes damages in lipids, proteins and DNA. Oxidative DNA damages are repaired by base excision repair and nucleotide excision repair, ensuring telomeric and genomic stability. There are few studies on this topic in skeletal muscle cells. This review focuses on base excision repair and nucleotide excision repair, telomere regulation and how telomeric stabilization influences healthy muscle, injured muscle, exercise, and its relationship with aging...
February 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565185/making-decisions-about-supplement-use
#14
Ronald J Maughan, Susan M Shirreffs, Alan Vernec
The use of dietary supplements is widespread among athletes in all sports and at all levels of competition, as it is in the general population. For the athlete training at the limits of what is sustainable, or for those seeking a shortcut to achieving their aims, supplements offer the prospect of bridging the gap between success and failure. Surveys show, however, that this is often not an informed choice and that the knowledge level among consumers is often low and that they are often influenced in their decisions by individuals with an equally inadequate understanding of the issues at stake...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562489/monitoring-of-pre-competition-dehydration-induced-skeletal-muscle-damage-and-inflammation-levels-among-elite-wrestlers
#15
Ozkan Isik, Irfan Yildirim, Yasin Ersoz, Halit Bugra Koca, Ilkay Dogan, Elmas Ulutas
BACKGROUND: Weight loss practice before competitions is a common method in weight sports. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to monitor Plasma Osmolarity (POsm), skeletal muscle damage and inflammation levels induced by pre-competition dehydration among elite wrestlers. METHODS: Twenty-four male elite wrestlers participated in the study. A survey information form that assessed pre-competition weight loss practices were administered to the wrestlers...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544062/ingestion-of-carbohydrate-or-carbohydrate-plus-protein-does-not-enhance-performance-during-endurance-exercise-a-randomized-cross-over-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Débora Finger, Fábio Juner Lanferdini, Juliano Boufleur Farinha, Clarissa Müller Brusco, Lucas Helal, Francesco Pinto Boeno, Eduardo Lusa Cadore, Ronei Silveira Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Protein (PRO) combined with a carbohydrate (CHO) beverage may have an ergogenic effect on endurance performance. However, evidence regarding its efficacy on similar conditions to athletes' race day is still lacking. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of three different nutritional supplementation strategies on performance and muscle recovery in a duathlon protocol. METHODS: , 13 male athletes (29.7 ± 7.7 years) participated in three simulated Olympic-distance duathlons under three different, randomly assigned, supplementation regimens: carbohydrate drink (CHO, 75 g); isocaloric CHO plus protein drink (CHO+PRO, 60...
March 15, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534260/two-genetic-variants-associated-with-plantar-fascial-disorders
#17
Stuart K Kim, John P A Ioannidis, Marwa A Ahmed, Andrew L Avins, John P Kleimeyer, Michael Fredericson, Jason L Dragoo
Plantar fascial disorder is comprised of plantar fasciitis and plantar fibromatosis. Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain, especially for athletes involved in running and jumping sports. Plantar fibromatosis is a rare fibrous hyperproliferation of the deep connective tissue of the foot. To identify genetic loci associated with plantar fascial disorders, a genome-wide association screen was performed using publically available data from the Research Program in Genes, Environment and Health including 21,624 cases of plantar fascial disorders and 80,879 controls...
April 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515596/genomic-sequencing-of-japanese-plum-prunus-salicina-lindl-mutants-provides-a-new-model-for-rosaceae-fruit-ripening-studies
#18
Angel Fernandez I Marti, Christopher A Saski, George A Manganaris, Ksenija Gasic, Carlos H Crisosto
It has recently been described that the Japanese plum "Santa Rosa" bud sport series contains variations in ripening pattern: climacteric, suppressed-climacteric and non-climacteric types. This provides an interesting model to study the role of ethylene and other key mechanisms governing fruit ripening, softening and senescence. The aim of the current study was to investigate such differences at the genomic level, using this series of plum bud sports, with special reference to genes involved in ethylene biosynthesis, signal transduction, and sugar metabolism...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510788/nutritional-considerations-for-the-vegetarian-and-vegan-dancer
#19
Derrick D Brown
Vegetarianism provides a catchall term for a variety of diets that exclude the consumption of some or all animal products. Contrary to popular claims, appropriately designed and managed vegetarian diets contain foods nutritionally sufficient for health, well-being, and physical performance. Vegetarian dancers can meet their protein needs from primarily or exclusively (vegan) plant-based sources when a variety of these foods are consumed daily and energy intake is adequate. However, the quality and timing of dietary intake is of key importance to meet the physical demands typical of high intensity, intermittent types of dance styles...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479525/perspectives-on-underlying-factors-for-unhealthy-diet-and-sedentary-lifestyle-of-adolescents-at-a-kenyan-coastal-setting
#20
Derrick Ssewanyana, Amina Abubakar, Anneloes van Baar, Patrick N Mwangala, Charles R Newton
Unhealthy diet and physical inactivity are among the key modifiable risk factors for non-communicable diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Although such diseases often only appear in adulthood, these behaviors are typically initiated or reinforced already during adolescence. However, knowledge on underlying factors for adolescents' unhealthy dieting and physical inactivity in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is poor. We conducted in-depth interviews and focus group discussions to explore the perceptions of a diverse group of 78 young people of 10-19 years of age, which also included some adolescents living with HIV, as this is an emerging group in the HIV/AIDS epidemic in many parts of SSA...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
keyword
keyword
16341
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"