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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777969/multicontextual-correlates-of-adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake
#1
Allison W Watts, Jon Miller, Nicole I Larson, Marla E Eisenberg, Mary T Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
PURPOSE: To examine personal, home, peer, school, neighborhood, and media correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in a diverse sample of adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study (EAT 2010: Eating and Activity in Teens) of 2793 adolescents (54% female, mean age [SD] = 14.5 [2.0], 80% nonwhite) attending public secondary schools in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. Adolescents completed a food frequency questionnaire and answered survey questions about their diet/health perceptions and behaviors...
May 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777966/determinants-of-choice-of-delivery-place-testing-rational-choice-theory-and-habitus-theory
#2
Anja Broda, Juliane Krüger, Stephanie Schinke, Andreas Weber
OBJECTIVE: The current study uses two antipodal social science theories, the rational choice theory and the habitus theory, and applies these to describe how women choose between intraclinical (i.e., hospital-run birth clinics) and extraclinical (i.e., midwife-led birth centres or home births) delivery places. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey among 189 women. A list of 22 determinants, conceptualized to capture the two theoretical concepts, were rated on a 7-point Likert scale with 1 = unimportant to 7 = very important...
May 7, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777645/-childbirth-is-not-a-sickness-a-woman-should-struggle-to-give-birth-exploring-continuing-popularity-of-home-births-in-western-kenya
#3
Violet Naanyu, Joyce Baliddawa, Beatrice Koech, Julie Karfakis, Nancy Nyagoha
More than 95% of Kenyan women receive antenatal care (ANC) and only 62% access skilled delivery. To explore women's opinion on delivery location, 20 focus group discussions were conducted at an urban and rural setting in western Kenya. Participants included health care workers, traditional birth attendants (TBAs), and women who attended at least four ANC visits and delivered. Six in-depth interviews were also conducted with a combination of women who gave birth in a facility and at home. Discussions were digitally recorded and transcribed for analysis...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777549/frailty-risk-in-hospitalized-older-adults-with-and-without-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Deborah A Lekan, Thomas P McCoy
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that diabetes mellitus (DM) may be a risk factor for frailty and individuals with DM are more likely to be frail than individuals without DM, however, there is limited research in hospitalized older adults. OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent of frailty in hospitalized older adults with and without DM using a 16-item Frailty Risk Score (FRS) and assess the role of frailty in predicting 30-day rehospitalization, discharge to an institution, and in-hospital mortality...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777535/the-relationship-between-costs-and-quality-in-veterans-health-administration-community-living-centers-an-analysis-using-longitudinal-data
#5
James F Burgess, Michael Shwartz, Kelly Stolzmann, Jennifer L Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between cost and quality in Veterans Health Administration (VA) nursing homes (called Community Living Centers, CLCs) using longitudinal data. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: One hundred and thirty CLCs over 13 quarters (from FY2009 to FY2012) were studied. Costs, resident days, and resident severity (RUGs score) were obtained from the VA Managerial Cost Accounting System. Clinical quality measures were obtained from the Minimum Data Set, and resident-centered care (RCC) was measured using the Artifacts of Culture Change Tool...
May 18, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777334/patient-engagement-in-community-health-center-leadership-how-does-it-happen
#6
Anjana E Sharma, Beatrice Huang, Margae Knox, Rachel Willard-Grace, Michael B Potter
Patient engagement in primary care leadership is an important means to involve community voices at community health centers. Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) are mandated to have patient representation within their governing boards, while practices seeking patient-centered medical home certification receive credit for implementing patient advisory councils (PACs). Our objective was to compare and contrast how community health centers engage patients in clinic management, decision-making and planning within governing boards versus PACs...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776478/perceptions-of-health-care-professionals-on-the-effects-of-residential-summer-camp-in-their-patients
#7
P Galen DiDomizio, Ann Gillard
PURPOSE: A growing body of literature exists regarding medical specialty camps for children. However, very little of the research focuses on the perspectives of healthcare providers. This study explored perceptions of pediatric healthcare providers on a medical specialty camp for children. DESIGN AND METHODS: Interviews with five volunteer physicians and five nurses were conducted and analyzed using inductive content analysis. RESULTS: Results showed that healthcare providers perceived camp to be a positive influence on campers' normalization and healthcare ownership, and to strengthen patient-provider relationships...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776431/validation-of-verbal-autopsy-methods-using-hospital-medical-records-a-case-study-in-vietnam
#8
Hong Thi Tran, Hoa Phuong Nguyen, Sue M Walker, Peter S Hill, Chalapati Rao
BACKGROUND: Information on causes of death (COD) is crucial for measuring the health outcomes of populations and progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. In many countries such as Vietnam where the civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) system is dysfunctional, information on vital events will continue to rely on verbal autopsy (VA) methods. This study assesses the validity of VA methods used in Vietnam, and provides recommendations on methods for implementing VA validation studies in Vietnam...
May 18, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775641/surviving-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-the-neurological-and-functional-outcome-and-health-related-quality-of-life-one-year-later
#9
Marjaana Tiainen, Jukka Vaahersalo, Markus B Skrifvars, Johanna Hästbacka, Juha Grönlund, Ville Pettilä
BACKGROUND: Data on long-term functional outcome and quality of life (QoL) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are limited. We assessed long-term functional outcome and health-related QoL of OHCA survivors regardless of arrest aetiology. METHODS: All adult unconscious OHCA patients treated in 21 Finnish ICUs between March 2010 and February 2011 were followed. Barthel Index (BI), activities of daily living (ADL), accommodation, help needed and received, working status, car driving and self-experienced cognitive deficits were assessed in 1-year survivors (N = 206, 40...
May 15, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775491/effects-of-a-home-care-mobile-app-on-the-outcomes-of-discharged-patients-with-a-stoma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Qing-Qing Wang, Jing Zhao, Xiao-Rong Huo, Ling Wu, Li-Fang Yang, Ju-Yun Li, Jie Wang
AIMS: The aim of this study is to explore the effects of a home care mobile app on the outcomes of stoma patients who discharged from hospital. BACKGROUND: Patients with a newly formed stoma experience many difficulties after surgery. Mobile application (app) has the potential to help patients self-manage their diseases and adjust to the changes in their lives and is a convenient way to ensure the continuity of care. However, there is a lack of studies about the effects of a mobile app on the transitional care for improving discharged stoma-related health outcomes...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775141/effects-of-structured-group-reminiscence-therapy-on-the-life-satisfaction-of-institutionalized-older-adults-in-taiwan
#11
Yao Ching-Teng, Lin Chia-Ju, Liu Hsiu-Yueh
Health issues common among older adults living in institution settings include poor life satisfaction and depression conditions. Engagement in appropriate group reminiscence therapy programs could alleviate these health issues among older adults in long-term care institutions. This study tested the effectiveness of a structured group reminiscence therapy protocol on the life satisfaction of institutionalized older adults. A quasi-experimental design was applied. A convenience sample of older adults was drawn from two nursing homes in southern Taiwan...
May 18, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775035/bedsharing-at-home-breastfeeding-and-sudden-infant-death-recommendations-for-health-professionals
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774369/-effectiveness-of-active-health-promotion-in-old-age-results-regarding-compression-of-morbidity-by-target-groups-in-13-8-years-of-observation-in-lucas
#13
REVIEW
Ulrike Dapp, Christoph Minder, Lilli Neumann, Stefan Golgert, Björn Klugmann, Wolfgang von Renteln-Kruse
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Healthy ageing as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) is the development and maintenance of functional competence. Unfavourable ageing is described by the term frailty and is characterised by a decline in functional reserves. The frailty process can be influenced in a positive way. Previous interventions concerned mostly hospital patients and residents of nursing homes. In this study we examined the maintenance of functional competence in an urban community setting...
May 17, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774300/epidemiology-of-intestinal-parasite-infections-in-three-departments-of-south-central-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-before-the-implementation-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#14
Gaoussou Coulibaly, Mamadou Ouattara, Kouassi Dongo, Eveline Hürlimann, Fidèle K Bassa, Naférima Koné, Clémence Essé, Richard B Yapi, Bassirou Bonfoh, Jürg Utzinger, Giovanna Raso, Eliézer K N'Goran
Hundreds of millions of people are infected with helminths and intestinal protozoa, particularly children in low- and middle-income countries. Preventive chemotherapy is the main strategy to control helminthiases. However, rapid re-infection occurs in settings where there is a lack of clean water, sanitation and hygiene. In August and September 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological survey in 56 communities of three departments of south-central Côte d'Ivoire. Study participants were invited to provide stool and urine samples...
May 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#15
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772926/caring-for-children-24-7-the-experience-of-wellchild-nurses-and-the-families-for-whom-they-are-providing-care-and-support
#16
Mark Whiting
There is a growing population of children with complex health needs and disabilities who are being cared for at home by their parents 24 hours per day, 7 days per week. Community Children's Nursing Teams are a major source of support to these children. In 2006, the charity WellChild introduced the first WellChild Nurse (WCN) post specifically focused upon this group of children. In order to gain insight into how the WCN model was supporting this group of children throughout the 24-hour day, semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 12 WCNs and 10 parents of children with a range of long-term clinical care needs...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772875/measuring-high-density-built-environment-for-public-health-research-uncertainty-with-respect-to-data-indicator-design-and-spatial-scale
#17
Guibo Sun, Chris Webster, Michael Y Ni, Xiaohu Zhang
Uncertainty with respect to built environment (BE) data collection, measure conceptualization and spatial scales is evident in urban health research, but most findings are from relatively lowdensity contexts. We selected Hong Kong, an iconic high-density city, as the study area as limited research has been conducted on uncertainty in such areas. We used geocoded home addresses (n=5732) from a large population-based cohort in Hong Kong to extract BE measures for the participants' place of residence based on an internationally recognized BE framework...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772468/understanding-child-protection-decisions-involving-parents-with-mental-illness-and-substance-abuse
#18
Joseph N Roscoe, Bridgette Lery, Jaclyn E Chambers
Among children investigated for maltreatment, those with parents experiencing mental illness or substance abuse are more likely to be placed out-of-home; however, little is known about why these children are at greater risk. Using a sample of 2488 Structured Decision Making® assessments administered in San Francisco county from 2011 to 2015, we identified a profile of safety threats that accounts for why workers are more likely to determine children of parents with mental illness and/or substance abuse unsafe in the home...
May 14, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771618/differences-between-new-and-long-standing-us-gun-owners-results-from-a-national-survey
#19
Joseph Wertz, Deborah Azrael, David Hemenway, Susan Sorenson, Matthew Miller
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the proportion of current US gun owners who are new to owning firearms and compare new versus long-standing gun owners with respect to their firearms and firearm-related behaviors. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative probability-based online survey conducted in 2015 in the United States. We defined new gun owners as current firearm owners who acquired all of their firearms within the past 5 years, but who lived in a home without a gun at some time over the past 5 years...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771390/children-learning-about-second-hand-smoke-class-ii-a-pilot-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Kamran Siddiqi, Rumana Huque, Mona Kanaan, Farid Ahmed, Tarana Ferdous, Sarwat Shah, Cath Jackson, Steve Parrott, Jasjit S Ahluwalia, Aziz Sheikh
Introduction: Children exposed to second-hand smoke (SHS) are at increased risk of respiratory illnesses. We piloted a Smoke Free Intervention (SFI) and trial methods before investigating its effectiveness and cost-effectiveness in primary school children. Methods: In a pilot cluster randomised controlled-trial in Bangladesh, primary schools were allocated to usual education (control) or SFI, using minimisation. Year-5 children were recruited. Masking treatment allocation was not possible...
May 16, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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