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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156638/development-of-evidence-based-disease-education-literature-for-pakistani-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#1
Atta Abbas Naqvi, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Muhammad Tariq Aftab, Syed Baqir Shyum Naqvi, Fatima Zehra, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad
Rheumatoid arthritis affects 0.5% to 1% of the population globally and is one of the most common causes of disability. Patient education plays a key role in improving treatment outcomes. The purpose of this study was to discuss the process involved in designing an evidence-based disease education literature for rheumatoid arthritis patients of Pakistan in Urdu language with culturally relevant illustrations. A study was conducted to develop disease education literature using Delphi consensus, content validity, and patient feedback...
November 20, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156558/indoor-temperatures-in-low-cost-housing-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#2
Nisha Naicker, June Teare, Yusentha Balakrishna, Caradee Yael Wright, Angela Mathee
Ambient and indoor temperature affects thermal comfort and human health. In a changing climate with a predicted change in temperature extremes, understanding indoor temperatures, both hot and cold, of different housing types is important. This study aimed to assess the hourly, daily and monthly variation in indoor temperatures in different housing types, namely formal houses, informal houses, flats, government-built low-cost houses and old, apartheid era low-cost housing, in five impoverished urban communities in Johannesburg, South Africa...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155821/progress-towards-a-leprosy-free-country-the-experience-of-oman
#3
Salah T Al Awaidy
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization (WHO) released the Global Leprosy Strategy 2016-2020 towards a leprosy-free world. The author described the progress made towards the elimination of leprosy and suggested recommendations for the acceleration towards a Leprosy-free country according to WHO laid out criterion. METHODOLOGY: Case record review of Leprosy patients managed between the years 1992 to 2015 were registered and analyzed. Data were collected from annual reports of the Ministry of Health including demographics, classification of leprosy new cases, relapse, childhood, grades of disability (GD) and multidrug therapy (MDT) completion rates...
November 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155665/cholera-mortality-during-urban-epidemic-dar-es-salaam-tanzania-august-16-2015-january-16-2016-1
#4
Lindsey S McCrickard, Amani Elibariki Massay, Rupa Narra, Janneth Mghamba, Ahmed Abade Mohamed, Rogath Saika Kishimba, Loveness John Urio, Neema Rusibayamila, Grace Magembe, Muhammud Bakari, James J Gibson, Rachel Barwick Eidex, Robert E Quick
In 2015, a cholera epidemic occurred in Tanzania; most cases and deaths occurred in Dar es Salaam early in the outbreak. We evaluated cholera mortality through passive surveillance, burial permits, and interviews conducted with decedents' caretakers. Active case finding identified 101 suspected cholera deaths. Routine surveillance had captured only 48 (48%) of all cholera deaths, and burial permit assessments captured the remainder. We interviewed caregivers of 56 decedents to assess cholera management behaviors...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155611/can-chemotherapy-related-acute-care-visits-be-accurately-identified-in-administrative-data
#5
Monika K Krzyzanowska, Katherine Enright, Rahim Moineddin, Lingsong Yun, Melanie Powis, Mohammed Ghannam, Eva Grunfeld
PURPOSE: There is increasing interest in using administrative data to examine treatment-related complications that lead to emergency department (ED) visits or hospitalizations (H). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of billing codes for identifying chemotherapy-related acute care visits (CRVs) among women with early-stage breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cohort was identified by using deterministically linked health databases and consisted of women who were diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer who started adjuvant chemotherapy between 2007 and 2009 in Ontario, Canada...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155343/health-outcomes-and-costs-of-acute-traumatic-spinal-injury-in-new-south-wales-australia
#6
Rebecca Mitchell, Lara Harvey, Ralph Stanford, Jacqueline Close
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Traumatic spinal injuries are often associated with both long-term disability, higher frequency of hospital readmissions and high medical costs for individuals of all ages. Age differences in terms of injury profile and health outcomes among those who sustain a spinal cord injury have been identified. However, factors that may influence health outcomes among those with a spinal injury have not been extensively examined at a population-level. PURPOSE: To describe the characteristics of traumatic spinal injury, identify factors predictive of mortality; and estimate the cost of hospital treatment for younger and older people...
November 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155236/evaluation-of-sampling-and-storage-procedures-on-preserving-the-community-structure-of-stool-microbiota-a-simple-at-home-toilet-paper-collection-method
#7
Kait F Al, Jordan E Bisanz, Greg B Gloor, Gregor Reid, Jeremy P Burton
BACKGROUND: The increasing interest on the impact of the gut microbiota on health and disease has resulted in multiple human microbiome-related studies emerging. However, multiple sampling methods are being used, making cross-comparison of results difficult. To avoid additional clinic visits and increase patient recruitment to these studies, there is the potential to utilize at-home stool sampling. The aim of this pilot study was to compare simple self-sampling collection and storage methods...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155190/use-of-routine-home-health-care-and-deviations-from-an-uncomplicated-recovery-pathway-after-radical-prostatectomy
#8
Deborah R Kaye, John Syrjamaki, Chad Ellimootil, Edward W Schervish, M Hugh Solomon, Susan Linsell, James E Montie, David C Miller, James M Dupree
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the statistical association between routine home health use after prostatectomy, short-term surgical outcomes, and payments. METHODS: We identified all men who underwent a robotic radical prostatectomy from 04/01/2014 through 10/31/2015 in the Michigan Urological Surgery Improvement Collaborative (MUSIC) with insurance from Medicare or a large commercial payer. We calculated rates of "routine" home care use after prostatectomy by urology practice...
November 16, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154464/patient-centered-medical-home-implementation-and-improved-chronic-disease-quality-a-longitudinal-observational-study
#9
Ann-Marie Rosland, Edwin Wong, Matthew Maciejewski, Donna Zulman, Rebecca Piegari, Stephan Fihn, Karin Nelson
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between clinics' extent of patient-centered medical home (PCMH) implementation and improvements in chronic illness care quality. DATA SOURCE: Data from 808 Veterans Health Administration (VHA) primary care clinics nationwide implementing the Patient Aligned Care Teams (PACT) PCMH initiative, begun in 2010. DESIGN: Clinic-level longitudinal observational study of clinics that received training and resources to implement PACT...
November 20, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154175/improving-human-health-outcomes-with-a-low-cost-intervention-to-reduce-exposures-from-lead-acid-battery-recycling-dong-mai-vietnam
#10
Bret Ericson, Thi To Duong, John Keith, Trong Cuu Nguyen, Deborah Havens, William Daniell, Catherine J Karr, Doan Ngoc Hai, Lo Van Tung, Tran Thi Nhi Ha, Brian Wilson, David Hanrahan, Gerry Croteau, Mark Patrick Taylor
This study details the first comprehensive evaluation of the efficacy of a soil lead mitigation project in Dong Mai village, Vietnam. The village's population had been subject to severe lead poisoning for at least a decade as a result of informal Used Lead Acid Battery (ULAB) recycling. Between July 2013 to February 2015, Pure Earth and the Centre for Environment and Community Development (Hanoi, Vietnam) implemented a multi-faceted environmental and human health intervention. The intervention consisted of a series of institutional and low-cost engineering controls including the capping of lead contaminated surface soils, cleaning of home interiors, an education campaign and the construction of a work-clothes changing and bathing facility...
November 15, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154158/the-prevalence-reporting-and-treatment-of-anxiety-among-older-adults-in-nursing-homes-and-other-residential-aged-care-facilities
#11
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
BACKGROUND: Little is known about anxiety in aged care populations, despite its increase in this frail population. This study investigated the prevalence, recording, and treatment rate of anxiety disorders among aged care residents. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational design was used to assess 180 elderly residents from 12 aged care facilities in Melbourne, Australia. Participants were assessed for threshold and subthreshold anxiety disorders and comorbid depression using the MINI for DSM-5...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153682/home-blood-pressure-measurement-in-women-with-pregnancy-related-hypertensive-disorders
#12
Patrick G Lan, Jon Hyett, Adrian G Gillin
OBJECTIVES: To determine if home blood pressure measurement (HBPM) provides comparable results to clinic blood pressure (BP) measurement. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, single-centre study of 37 pregnant and early post-partum women with a hypertensive pregnancy or at high-risk of developing a hypertensive pregnancy were asked to perform HBPM for a minimum period of one week. This was subsequently compared to clinic BP measurement both before and after the period of home measurement...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153459/-intrafamilial-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-present-data-and-treatment-prospects
#13
E Bousquet, N Franc, C Ha, D Purper-Ouakil
Child-to-parent violence is a form of family violence that is still a well-kept secret. Abused parents can be victims of different types of abuse. Children can use both physical and psychological violence such as financial threats to take control of the home. In this situation, parents often no longer dare to contradict their children by fear of triggering uncontrollable violence. Although the phenomenon recently drew the attention of the media, there is still little knowledge about its prevalence and clinical characteristics...
November 16, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153438/effect-of%C3%A2-the-programme-plan-de-egreso-on%C3%A2-chronically-ill-patients-and-their-family-caregivers
#14
Blanca Gregoria Melo Melo, Yamile Vargas Hernández, Gloria Mabel Carrillo, Diana Katherine Alarcón Trujillo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of the programme Hospitalisation discharge plan for patients with chronic diseases and family caregivers to strengthen their home care competence -CUIDAR- and reduce the caregiver burden. METHOD: Quasi-experimental study approach with intervention group. Participants were 62 patients and their caregivers who consulted with a health care institution in the city of Girardot (Colombia). The intervention was carried out for one month, during which, measurements were performed before and after the programme...
November 16, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152875/effectiveness-of-the-teach-back-method-for-improving-the-health-literacy-of-senior-citizens-in-nursing-homes
#15
Yong-Bing Liu, Yan-Fei Li, Liu Liu, Yan-Li Chen
AIM: To explore the effectiveness of the teach-back method for improving the health literacy of older adults in nursing homes in Ürümqi, the capital of Xinjiang, China. METHODS: Among the 27 registered nursing homes, 10 were selected randomly by size and divided into the intervention and control groups. A total of 127 older adults in the intervention group and 136 in the control group met the inclusion criteria. The intervention and control groups were educated by using the teach-back and traditional methods, respectively, in this 6 month study...
November 20, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152607/use-of-post-acute-care-after-hospital-discharge-in-urban-and-rural-hospitals
#16
Robert E Burke, Christine D Jones, Eric A Coleman, Jason R Falvey, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley, Adit A Ginde
Objectives: Geographic variation in the use of post-acute care (PAC - skilled nursing facility and home health care) after hospital discharge is substantial, but reasons for this remain largely unexplored. PAC use in urban hospitals compared to rural hospitals may be one key contributor. We aimed to describe PAC use, explore substitution of one type of PAC for another, and identify how PAC use varies by diagnosis in urban and rural settings. Study Design: Secondary analysis of the 2012 National Inpatient Sample including adult discharges to PAC after a hospitalization...
March 2017: Am J Accountable Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151562/-effects-of-a-sleep-improvement-program-combined-with-aroma-necklace-on-sleep-depression-anxiety-and-blood-pressure-in-elderly-women
#17
Nami Chun, Myoungsuk Kim, Gie Ok Noh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a sleep improvement program combined with an aroma-necklace on sleep, depression, anxiety, and blood pressure in elderly women living at home. METHODS: A program consisting of a four-week (one hour per week) sleep improvement intervention plus use of an aroma-necklace, was developed based on Cox's Interaction Model of Client Health Behavior. 70 elderly women were assigned to the experimental (n=35) or control group with no intervention (n=35)...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151556/-an-integrative-review-of-home-care-service-for-pregnant-women-mothers-infants-and-toddlers-in-vulnerable-group
#18
REVIEW
Dasom Kim, Insook Lee
PURPOSE: This study was intended to integrate the evidence of home care service intervention for mothers and children in vulnerable groups through an integrative literature review. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE (PubMED), EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, DBpia databases. The quality of the articles was assessed by one doctoral researcher and verified by one professor of community health nursing who had participated in the systematic review of literature...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151555/activity-outside-the-home-environmental-barriers-and-healthy-aging-for-community-dwelling-elderly-individuals-in-china
#19
Yuhong Niu, Na Li, Chunlin Jin, Duo Chen, Yitong Yang, Hansheng Ding
Elderly individuals benefit from frequently engaging in activities outside the home because such activities sustain the overall health and functioning of an aging body. However, environmental barriers can limit participation in activities outside the home by elderly individuals. The current study examined the factors that influence the frequency with which elderly individuals living in China engage in activity outside the home. Data were collected from 2,402 elderly individuals residing in the Jiangning district of Shanghai, China in 2015...
2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151276/microbial-growth-in-building-material-samples-and-occupants-health-in-severely-moisture-damaged-homes
#20
K Järvi, A Hyvärinen, M Täubel, A M Karvonen, M Turunen, K Jalkanen, R Patovirta, T Syrjänen, J Pirinen, H Salonen, A Nevalainen, J Pekkanen
There is no commonly approved approach to detect and quantify the health relevant microbial exposure in moisture damaged buildings. In 39 single-family homes with severe moisture damage, we studied whether concentrations of viable microbes in building material samples are associated with health among 71 adults and 68 children, assessed with symptoms questionnaires, exhaled NO and peak expiratory flow (PEF) variability. Symptoms were grouped into three scores: upper respiratory symptoms, lower respiratory symptoms and general symptoms...
November 19, 2017: Indoor Air
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