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Tobacco smoking

Brianna F Moore, Anne P Starling, Sheryl Magzamen, Curtis S Harrod, William B Allshouse, John L Adgate, Brandy M Ringham, Deborah H Glueck, Dana Dabelea
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have modeled the association between fetal exposure to tobacco smoke and body mass index (BMI) growth trajectories, but not the timing of catch-up growth. Research on fetal exposure to maternal secondhand smoking is limited. OBJECTIVES: To explore the associations between fetal exposure to maternal active and secondhand smoking with body composition at birth and BMI growth trajectories through age 3 years. METHODS: We followed 630 mother-child pairs enrolled in the Healthy Start cohort through age 3 years...
October 19, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Xingzhong Jin, Stuart A Kinner, Robyn Hopkins, Emily Stockings, Ryan J Courtney, Anthony Shakeshaft, Dennis Petrie, Timothy Dobbins, Kate Dolan
INTRODUCTION: Smoking remains the leading risk factor for disease burden and mortality worldwide. Heavy Smoking is often associated with poor Nutrition, Alcohol abuse and Physical inactivity (known as 'SNAP'). Australia's first prison smoking ban was introduced in the Northern Territory in July 2013. However, relapse to smoking after release from prison is normative. Holistic and cost-effective interventions are needed to maintain post-release abstinence to realise the potential public health impact of smoke-free prison policies...
October 18, 2018: BMJ Open
Susy K Sebayang, Desak Made Sintha Kurnia Dewi, Syifa'ul Lailiyah, Abdillah Ahsan
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco advertisement bans in Indonesia are rare and seldom evaluated. The recent introduction of an outdoor tobacco advertisement (OTA) ban in Banyuwangi District, East Java, Indonesia provided an opportunity to evaluate such policy. METHODS: Using a mixed-methods approach, we undertook an observational study of OTA in 15 locations where such advertising had been prohibited. We also interviewed a sample of 114 store-owners/storekeepers and 131 community members, and conducted indepth interviews with government officials and the Public Order Agency (POA), the designated enforcement agency...
October 19, 2018: Tobacco Control
Laurie Zawertailo, Tara Mansoursadeghi-Gilan, Helena Zhang, Sarwar Hussain, Bernard Le Foll, Peter Selby
BACKGROUND: Varenicline and bupropion are efficacious, prescription-only pharmacotherapies for smoking cessation; however, their real-world impact is limited by prescriber knowledge, affordability, and accessibility. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the MATCH (Medication Aids for Tobacco Cessation Health) study was to evaluate the real-world, long-term effectiveness of mailed bupropion and varenicline in a sample of interested smokers with the utilization of Web-based recruitment and follow-up...
October 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Nils Kroeger, Haoran Li, Guillermo De Velasco, Frede Donskov, Hao-Wen Sim, Viktoria Stühler, J Connor Wells, Igor Stukalin, Johannes Heide, Jens Bedke, Neeraj Agarwal, Hiral Parekh, Brian I Rini, Jennifer J Knox, Allan Pantuck, Toni K Choueiri, Daniel Yick Chin Heng
BACKGROUND: Smoking increases the risk of developing renal cell carcinoma (RCC) but the effect of tobacco consumption on survival outcome of patients with metastatic RCC (mRCC) treated with targeted therapies has not been well characterized. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The primary outcome was overall survival (OS) and secondary outcome was progression-free survival (PFS). Patients with mRCC were categorized as current, former, and nonsmokers at the time of starting targeted therapy...
September 12, 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
Mohammed Yousufuddin, Nathan Young, Jessica Shultz, Taylor Doyle, Karen M Fuerstenberg, Kelsey Jensen, Kogulavadanan Arumaithurai, Mohammad H Murad
BACKGROUND: We examined predictors of recurrent hospitalizations and the importance of these hospitalizations for subsequent mortality after incident transient ischemic attacks (TIA) that have not yet been investigated. METHODS: Adults hospitalized for TIA from 2000 through 2017 were examined for recurrent hospitalizations, days, and percentage of time spent hospitalized and long-term mortality. RESULTS: Of 266 patients hospitalized for TIA, 122 died, 212 had 826 anycondition hospitalization (59 from TIA-related conditions) corresponding to 3384 inpatient days during 1693 person-years of follow-up...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
T Gagné, A Y Omorou, J Kivits, F Alla, L Minary
BACKGROUND: Targeted interventions among vulnerable youth populations represent an important approach to the reduction of health inequalities. We must, however, ensure that impacts are not unequally distributed according to the range of resources available to them. We explore these concerns among youth in vocational training to be enrolled in a smoking cessation intervention by describing (1) their socio-economic profile and (2) the association between their socioeconomic characteristics, their smoking practices, and key factors that could be targeted in interventions...
October 16, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
Stephen T Higgins
This Special Issue of Preventive Medicine (PM) is the 5th in a series on behavior change, health, and health disparities. Unhealthy behavior patterns (i.e., lifestyle choices) including cigarette smoking and other substance abuse, physical inactivity, unhealthy food choices, and non-adherence with recommended medical regimens, undermine U.S. population health by increasing risk for chronic disease and premature death. This Special Issue brings together scholarly contributions from the emerging area of tobacco regulatory science to examine current topics of critical importance to reducing the burden of cigarette smoking on U...
December 2018: Preventive Medicine
Li-Ming Ho, Christian Schafferer, Jie-Min Lee, Chun-Yuan Yeh, Chi-Jung Hsieh
BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 80% of the world's smokers live in low- and middle-income countries. Moreover, more than half of the world's smoking-addicted population resides in the Asia-Pacific region. The reduction of tobacco consumption has thus become one of the major social policies in the region. This study investigates the effects of price increases on cigarette consumption, tobacco tax revenues and reduction in smoking-caused mortality in 22 low-income as well as middle-income countries in the Asia-Pacific region...
October 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
Anna Maria Lavezzi
Among the neurotoxicants contained in tobacco smoke, if absorbed during pregnancy, nicotine significantly affects α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, which play essential roles in the development of the brainstem regions receiving cholinergic projections in perinatal life. Immunohistochemical procedures for analysing formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded brainstem samples from 68 fetuses and early newborns, with smoking and non-smoking mothers, who died of known and unknown causes, were carried out in order to determine if nicotine had activated the α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptors...
October 18, 2018: Toxics
Anne Starker, Anke-Christine Saß
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Eun Ho Choe, Luke Sutherland, Christopher Hills, Jai-Deep Sood
A 19-year-old male who regularly smoked tobacco shisha pipes presented with pleuritic chest pain, dyspnoea, and cough. He was found to have multiple bilateral lung nodules on computed tomography. A biopsy of the lung revealed necrotizing granulomatous inflammation but without evidence of infection, foreign body, vasculitis, or malignancy. There was spontaneous and complete clinical and radiographic resolution over the next 12 weeks following cessation of shisha use.
December 2018: Respirology Case Reports
Rijo M John
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the economic burden of diseases and deaths attributable to bidi smoking in India for persons aged 30-69 years. METHODS: The National Sample Survey data on healthcare expenditures, data on bidi smoking prevalence from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey and relative risks of all-cause mortality from bidi smoking are used to estimate the economic burden of diseases and deaths attributable to bidi smoking in India using a prevalence-based attributable-risk approach...
October 18, 2018: Tobacco Control
Thomas Hering, Anil Batra, Stephan Mühlig
Smoking is the biggest cause of premature mortality. Almost half of smokers meet the criteria for addiction. Treatment fails primarily because of the lack of reimbursement. Doctors could treat tobacco addiction and with it the secondary diseases with high efficacy if the conditions with behavioral therapy and medication were made available to them.
October 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Rhonda Schwindt, Angela M McNelis, Jon Agley, Kathy Lay, Karen S Hudmon, Bev Wilgenbusch
The high prevalence of smoking among persons with mental illness and co-occurring substance use disorders has not changed in the past decade despite a decline in smoking among the general population. Interprofessional collaborative care offers clinicians the opportunity to engage their patients in tobacco cessation treatment that is coordinated and comprehensive. Investigators applied a 1-group, pre/post-test design with qualitative and quantitative descriptive analyses to estimate the impact of an interprofessional tobacco education program on perceived self-efficacy and self-reported counseling abilities of graduate nursing, social work, and pharmacy (PharmD) students (N = 36; nursing, n = 13, n = 9 PharmD, n = 14 social work) to treat tobacco dependence among this subpopulation of smokers, and to assess their perceptions of interprofessional education...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Dagfinn Aune, Sabrina Schlesinger, Teresa Norat, Elio Riboli
Background We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the association between smoking and the risk of developing heart failure. Methods PubMed and Embase databases were searched up to 24 July 2018. Prospective studies were included if they reported adjusted relative risk (RR) estimates and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of heart failure associated with smoking. Summary RRs and 95% CIs were estimated using a random effects model. Results Twenty-six studies were included. The summary RR was 1...
October 18, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Nan Jiang, Nina Siman, Charles M Cleland, Nancy VanDevanter, Trang Nguyen, Nam Nguyen, Donna Shelley
Introduction: Smoking prevalence is high in Viet Nam, yet tobacco dependence treatment (TDT) is not widely available. Methods: We conducted a quasi-experimental study that compared the effectiveness of health care provider advice and assistance (ARM 1) vs. ARM 1 plus village health worker (VHW) counseling (ARM 2) on abstinence at 6-month follow-up. This study was embedded in a larger two-arm cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted in 26 community health centers (CHCs) in Viet Nam...
October 17, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Jing Zhao, Xiaojing Li, Susan LeRoy Stewart, Weiguo Gao, Fei Qi, Lei Zhang, Zengchang Pang, Qing Qiao, Feng Ning, Elisa Tong
Introduction: We explored the impact of a temporary tobacco-free public policy for the 2008 summer Olympics on the smoking prevalence and secondhand smoke exposure among the population of a co-hosting city, Qingdao, China. Methods: The Qingdao Diabetes Survey was analyzed for 2006 (n=4599) and 2009 (n=4680), which are survey years before and after the tobacco-free Olympics public policy period (July 2007-January 2009). We analyzed the differences in self-reported smoking prevalence and exposure to secondhand smoke at home and/or workplace, and compared odds of smoking by survey year, and of exposure to secondhand smoke among non-smokers...
October 17, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Hsiu-Wen Tsai, Shu-Ching Chen, Hsein-Lin Wu, Ming-Ying Hong, Yun-Hsiang Lee, Yeur-Hur Lai
BACKGROUND: Providing tobacco control (TC) and smoking cessation (SC) counseling is an important part of healthcare. An assessment tool to understand healthcare providers' experiences in providing SC counseling may enhance TC. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to (1) translate and develop the Smoking Cessation Counseling Scale-Chinese version (SCCS-C) and (2) evaluate its psychometric properties in Taiwan. METHODS: This is a 2-phase instrument testing study...
October 16, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Jeremy D Kidd, Curtis Dolezal, Walter O Bockting
PURPOSE: Transgender individuals smoke tobacco at disproportionately higher rates than the general U.S. population, and concurrent use of gender-affirming hormones (estrogen or testosterone) and tobacco confers greater cardiovascular (CV) risk. This study examines the relationship between tobacco use and legal document gender-marker change, and medical/surgical interventions for gender transition. METHODS: Data came from an Internet-based survey of U.S. trans-feminine (n = 631) and trans-masculine (n = 473) individuals...
October 2018: LGBT Health
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