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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335180/effectiveness-of-village-health-worker-delivered-smoking-cessation-counseling-in-viet-nam
#1
Nan Jiang, Nina Siman, Charles M Cleland, Nancy VanDevanter, Trang Nguyen, Nam Nguyen, Donna Shelley
Introduction: Smoking prevalence is high in Viet Nam, yet tobacco dependence treatment (TDT) is not widely available. Methods: We conducted a quasi-experimental study that compared the effectiveness of health care provider advice and assistance (ARM 1) vs. ARM 1 plus village health worker (VHW) counseling (ARM 2) on abstinence at 6-month follow-up. This study was embedded in a larger two-arm cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted in 26 community health centers (CHCs) in Viet Nam...
October 17, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328601/factors-associated-with-smoking-contemplation-and-maintenance-among-iranian-adolescents
#2
Hamidreza Roohafza, Razieh Omidi, Tahereh Alinia, Kamal Heidari, Gholamhossein Mohammad-Shafiee, Morid Jaberifar, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Wasim Maziak
Background: Evidence is scarce on which factors contribute to cigarette and waterpipe contemplation and no previous study has examined the factors associated with waterpipe maintenance. Aims: This study aimed to determine the factors associated with cigarette and waterpipe smoking contemplation and maintenance among Iranian adolescents. Methods: Factors including depression, risky behaviour, family conflict, attitude to smoking acceptability and self-efficacy were examined using a questionnaire for 5500 adolescents at the smoking contemplation or maintenance stage...
October 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30327335/waterpipe-smoking-in-health-care-students-prevalence-knowledge-attitudes-and-motives
#3
Mohammed M Alqahtani, Lynda T Goodfellow, Ralph D Zimmerman, Gerald S Zavorsky
BACKGROUND: Waterpipe (hookah) smoking is a form of tobacco smoking that is noticeably increasing worldwide, particularly among young adults. A growing body of literature indicates that college students may not be as knowledgeable as they should be in making decisions about waterpipe smoking. PURPOSE: This study evaluated the prevalence, knowledge, and attitudes regarding waterpipe smoking use among college-based health-care students. METHODS: Two instruments were found to be appropriate to the study, and permission was obtained to modify usage in this specific study...
October 16, 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326017/combustible-and-electronic-tobacco-and-marijuana-products-in-hip-hop-music-videos-2013-2017
#4
Kristin E Knutzen, Meghan Bridgid Moran, Samir Soneji
Importance: Hip-hop is the leading music genre in the United States and its fan base includes a large proportion of adolescents and young adults of all racial and ethnic groups, particularly minorities. The appearance of combustible and electronic tobacco and marijuana products, especially brand placement and use by popular and influential artists, may increase the risk of tobacco and marijuana use and decrease perceptions of harm. Objective: To assess the prevalence of the appearance and use of combustible and electronic tobacco and marijuana products, including brand placement, in leading hip-hop songs...
October 15, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301653/an-introduction-to-the-electronic-waterpipe
#5
Andrea M Stroup, Steven A Branstetter
Despite the associated negative health outcomes, waterpipe smoking remains a popular method of tobacco consumption, specifically in young adults. While there have been expanding efforts to decrease waterpipe use, there is a new, non-combustible waterpipe device on the market, the electronic waterpipe (e-waterpipe), that could serve as an alternative to traditional, combustible waterpipe smoking. There is currently no known literature evaluating the e-waterpipe including prevalence of use or its health risks...
September 27, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30284622/-tobacco-prevention-using-the-example-of-the-smoke-free-campaign-nationwide-measures-by-the-federal-center-for-health-education-bzga
#6
REVIEW
Michaela Goecke, Kathrin Duhme
Currently, 28.7% of 18- to 64-year-olds in Germany smoke (26.1% of women/31.2% of men). Among the 12- to 17-year-olds, the smoking rate at 7.4%, is at a historic low. The smoking rate among the 18- to 25-year-olds has also fallen in recent years.The most important goal of the nationwide measures of the Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA) on tobacco prevention is to reduce the smoking rate. For this purpose, the BZgA carries out the "smoke-free" campaign, which is targeted at both adolescents and adults...
October 4, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30274185/serum-vegf-level-is-different-in-adolescents-smoking-waterpipe-versus-cigarettes-the-irbid-try
#7
Mahmoud A Alomari, Nihaya A Al-Sheyab, Omar F Khabour, Karem H Alzoubi
Waterpipe (Wp) use is associated with most devastating diseases and particularly popular among adolescents. Vascular endothelium growth factor (VEGF) is essential for generating new vessels. The effect of smoking tobacco on VEGF is controversial and unknown among adolescents. Therefore, the current study compared serum VEGF in adolescents smoking cigarettes (Cg) only (9.3%), Wp only (19.6%), and dual (Wp and Cg) (36.4%) versus nonsmokers (34.6%) in adolescents. A self-reported questionnaire and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to obtain smoking status and serum VEGF, respectively, in 475 (age: 14...
September 28, 2018: Biomolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30273082/genotoxic-impact-of-long-term-cigarette-and-waterpipe-smoking-on-dna-damage-and-oxidative-stress-in-healthy-subjects
#8
Hesham M Korashy, Abdulaziz M Alsaad, Mohamed N Al-Arifi, Zaid H Maayah, Ibraheem M Attafi, Fawaz E Alanazi, Osama M Belali, Ali Alhoshani
Although a plethora of studies have examined tobacco smoke-cancer disease association, the involvement of cellular genetic toxicity remains unclear. Therefore, the present study provides molecular evidence for a pathway involved in the DNA damage induced by long-term cigarette and Waterpipe smoke in human subjects. The study population consisted of 45 subjects who were divided into three groups; healthy non-smokers group, cigarette-smokers group, and Waterpipe-smokers group. A questionnaire and consent form was distributed and signed by all participants...
October 1, 2018: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30268037/stress-full-life-events-and-multiple-sclerosis-a-population-based-incident-case-control-study
#9
Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Svetlana Eckert, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman
AIM: While sizeable evidence regarding the association between stressful-life events and multiple sclerosis (MS) disease activity (clinical and/or radiological) was previously documented, their relation to MS risk is controversial. We aimed to investigate the possible association of stressful-life events and multiple sclerosis risk after adjustment for relevant confounders in an Iranian population. METHOD: This was a population-based incident case-control study that recruited 547 MS cases and 1057 healthy controls between August 2013 and February 2015, Tehran...
September 22, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261515/waterpipe-smoking-is-associated-with-changes-in-fibrinogen-fvii-and-fviii-levels
#10
Abdel Rahim Mahmoud Muddathir, Mozfar Idrees Abd Alla, Omar F Khabour
Cigarette smoking has been shown to be associated with changes in coagulation factors in the circulation and the subsequent thrombosis development. In this study, the impact of waterpipe smoking on the levels of fibrinogen, factor VII (FVII), and factor VIII (FVIII) was investigated. In addition, the effects of waterpipe smoking were compared to those of cigarette smoking and never smokers. A total of 80 male smokers (40 cigarette smokers and 40 waterpipe smokers) and 40 apparently healthy never smokers were recruited in the study...
September 27, 2018: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257114/plasma-and-saliva-levels-of-three-metals-in-waterpipe-smokers-a-case-control-study
#11
Omar F Khabour, Karem H Alzoubi, Nihaya A Al-Sheyab, Mohammad A Azab, Adnan M Massadeh, Ahmed A Alomary, Thomas E Eissenberg
In this case-control study, the influence of waterpipe tobacco smoking on the plasma and saliva levels of cadmium, lead and zinc was examined in participants who were waterpipe tobacco smokers (WS) or never-smokers (NS). The concentration of metals was higher in WS relative to NS. The mean (SEM) cadmium concentration in plasma was 3.3 (0.18) µg/dL in WS versus 0.82 (0.09) µg/L in NS (p < .001) and in saliva was 5.1 (0.36) µg/L in WS versus 0.64 (0.2) µg/L in NS (p < .001). The mean (SEM) lead concentration in plasma was 5...
September 26, 2018: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30255240/-the-decline-of-cigarette-smoking-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-germany-and-the-rising-relevance-of-waterpipes-e%C3%A2-cigarettes-and-e%C3%A2-hookahs
#12
REVIEW
Boris Orth, Christina Merkel
BACKGROUND: National and international studies indicate that despite the decline in the consumption of traditional tobacco cigarettes, the consumption of other products, such as waterpipes (or hookahs), e‑cigarettes or e‑hookahs (a variant of e‑cigarettes), may be increasing. In addition to the long-term change in smoking behaviour, this article examines how the prevalence of smoking tobacco cigarettes, waterpipes, e‑cigarettes and e‑hookahs in adolescents and young adults in Germany has developed between 2007 and 2016...
September 25, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30236616/use-of-social-networking-sites-electronic-cigarettes-and-waterpipes-among-adolescents
#13
H Sampasa-Kanyinga, H A Hamilton
OBJECTIVES: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and waterpipes are gaining in popularity among adolescents in tandem with the increasing popularity of social networking sites (SNSs). The objective of this study was to examine the associations between the use of SNSs and e-cigarette and waterpipe use among adolescents, and to test whether these associations are independent of tobacco cigarette smoking. STUDY DESIGN: A province-wide school-based cross-sectional study...
September 17, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209875/clinical-peri-implant-parameters-and-inflammatory-cytokine-profile-among-smokers-of-cigarette-e-cigarette-and-waterpipe
#14
Mohammed Ayedh AlQahtani, Abdullah Saeed Alayad, Abdulmonem Alshihri, Fernanda Oliveira Bello Correa, Zohaib Akram
BACKGROUND: To date, there has been no study identified that assessed peri-implant parameters and local levels of proinflammatory cytokines between waterpipe smokers (WS) and electronic cigarette users (VS). To evaluate the true effect of the risk indicator (WS and VS), a positive control (cigarette smokers [CS]) was added in the study design. PURPOSE: To compare clinical and radiographic peri-implant parameters and proinflammatory cytokine profile in the peri-implant sulcular fluid (PISF) among CS, WS, VS, and nonsmokers (NS)...
September 12, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187978/varenicline-versus-placebo-for-waterpipe-smoking-cessation-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Omara Dogar, Raana Zahid, Sonia Mansoor, Mona Kanaan, Jasjit S Ahluwalia, Mohammed Jawad, Kamran Siddiqi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Waterpipe tobacco smoking is a growing public health concern. There is limited research using pharmacotherapy and no research using varenicline (established treatment for smoking cessation) in waterpipe smokers. We tested the efficacy of varenicline in achieving abstinence from all tobacco use among waterpipe smokers. DESIGN: Two-arm, parallel group, placebo-controlled, double-blind, multi-centre (n = 4), individually randomized trial with follow-up to 25 weeks...
September 6, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149668/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-theory-informed-school-based-intervention-to-prevent-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-changes-in-knowledge-attitude-and-behaviors-in-6th-and-7th-graders-in-lebanon
#16
Rima Nakkash, Tamara Lotfi, Dima Bteddini, Pascale Haddad, Hala Najm, Lina Jbara, Hala Alaouie, Lama Al Aridi, Ahmad Al Mulla, Ziyad Mahfoud, Rima A Afifi
Waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) is spreading worldwide. Research has indicated health consequences of WTS similar to cigarettes. Prevalence of WTS is high among young people. In Lebanon, current use rates of 35% have been documented among 13⁻15 year olds. We evaluated a school-based intervention. Method : We conducted a randomized-controlled-trial of a theory-informed WTS intervention. The intervention consisted of ten sessions based on social cognitive theory and the social influences approach. Thirty-one schools participated: 14 intervention and 17 control; a total of 1279 students completed pre and post assessments...
August 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112011/the-effect-of-tobacco-smoking-on-musculoskeletal-health-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Ahmad M Al-Bashaireh, Linda G Haddad, Michael Weaver, Debra Lynch Kelly, Xing Chengguo, Saunjoo Yoon
This systematic review explored associations between smoking and health outcomes involving the musculoskeletal system. AMSTAR criteria were followed. A comprehensive search of PubMed, Web of Science, and Science Direct returned 243 articles meeting inclusion criteria. A majority of studies found smoking has negative effects on the musculoskeletal system. In research on bones, smoking was associated with lower BMD, increased fracture risk, periodontitis, alveolar bone loss, and dental implant failure. In research on joints, smoking was associated with increased joint disease activity, poor functional outcomes, and poor therapeutic response...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102062/differences-in-puff-topography-toxicant-exposure-and-subjective-response-between-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-men-and-women
#18
Eric K Soule, Carolina Ramôa, Thomas Eissenberg, Caroline O Cobb
Waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) exposes users to toxicants in much greater amounts than a cigarette. Little is known about how gender affects WTS toxicant exposure and subjective response. Data from three WTS clinical laboratory studies were combined for analysis. Participants ( N = 99; 38 women) completed a 45-min WTS session where they smoked a waterpipe ad libitum. Puff topography was measured throughout, and plasma nicotine concentration, expired air carbon monoxide (CO), and subjective responses were measured pre- and post-WTS...
October 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30065075/impact-of-the-who-fctc-on-non-cigarette-tobacco-products
#19
Ghazi S Zaatari, Asma Bazzi
INTRODUCTION: This paper investigates to what extent Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) parties have successfully implemented regulatory measures against non-cigarette tobacco product (NCTP) use, considers the challenges and peculiarities in applying such regulations and proposes effective means. DATA AND METHODS: This review was based on many sources mainly: International Legal Consortium, International Tobacco Control, Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, FCTC, expert group visits and published literature...
July 31, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063545/systemic-inflammatory-markers-among-waterpipe-smokers-cigarette-smokers-and-nonsmokers
#20
Bhavita Kumari, Syeda Kanwal Aslam, Sidra Zaheer, Syed Omair Adil, Kashif Shafique
OBJECTIVE: To determine the levels of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) among exclusive groups of waterpipe (WP) smokers, cigarette smokers, and nonsmokers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among adults, apparently healthy individuals, aged between 18 and 40 years of either gender. NLR and PLR as measures of systemic inflammation were studied in association with individuals' sociodemographic, health, and tobacco use related characteristics...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
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