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Waterpipe smoking

Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Jamil Ahmed, Ghufran Ahmed Jassim, Sayed Mahmood Alqallaf, Khaldoon Al-Roomi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco prevention research traditionally focuses upon cigarette smoking, but there is also a need to implement and evaluate the usefulness of waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) interventions since it is considered less harmful than cigarettes. This study aimed to assess the impact of an educational intervention on WTS knowledge of health professional students in three academic health institutions in Bahrain. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was used to include medical students from the Arabian Gulf University, medical and nursing students from the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland-Bahrain and nursing students from the University of Bahrain...
December 7, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Ana Luiza Curi Hallal, Ísis Eloah Machado, Rogério Ruscitto do Prado, Patrícia Pereira Vasconcelos de Oliveira, Maryane Oliveira Campos, Maria de Fátima Marinho de Souza
OBJECTIVE: To identify the frequency and factors associated with the use of waterpipe and other tobacco products among Brazilian students. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study based on data from the National Adolescent Student Health Survey. The sample consisted of 9th-grade students from elementary school. We conducted a descriptive analysis of the use of tobacco products in 2012 and 2015. To explore the relationship between the use of other tobacco products and factors such as sociodemographic characteristics, family, mental health, and life habits, we calculated the adjusted odds ratio...
November 29, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
Muhammad W Darawad, Ramzi Salloum, Mahmoud Alhussami, Mahmoud Maharmeh
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Health warning messages specific to waterpipe smoking (WPS) have not been tested enough in literature. This study evaluated university students' response to such messages. Specifically, this study (1) assessed the extent to which certain warning messages and pictorial signs motivate participants to quit WPS smoking; (2) identified the best location to place the warning signs of waterpipe as perceived by participants; and (3) assessed participants' intention to quit WPS...
November 29, 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Mohammad Ebrahimi Kalan, Ziyad Ben Taleb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Karen Gardner, Rachael Kearns, Lisa Woodland, Mariela Silveira, Myna Hua, Milena Katz, Klara Takas, Julie McDonald
Background: Waterpipe tobacco smoking is a traditional method of tobacco use, especially in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR), but its prevalence is growing worldwide, especially among young people. Although often perceived as less harmful than other methods of tobacco use because the smoke passes through water, accumulating evidence shows harmful effects and that some smokers become addicted. Interventions that deglamourise and denormalise use have been recommended but little is known about the range and impact of different health prevention and promotion interventions...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Taghrid Asfar, Ziyad Ben Taleb, Olatokunbo Osibogun, Estefania C Ruano-Herreria, Danielle Sierra, Kenneth D Ward, Ramzi G Salloum, Wasim Maziak
BACKGROUND: Given the unique social nature of waterpipe smoking, an important factor contributing to its popularity is the spread of waterpipe establishments. OBJECTIVES: With a focus on implications for regulations, we conducted a qualitative assessment of customers' online reviews on to gain insight into their positive and negative perceptions about waterpipe establishments and products, and identify features that are most important to them. METHODS: In June 2016, an online search of Yelp was conducted to identify waterpipe establishments in Miami, Florida...
November 15, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Ramzi G Salloum, Rima Nakkash, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Randah R Hamadeh, Muhammad W Darawad, Khalid A Kheirallah, Yahya Al-Farsi, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Justin Thomas, Aya Mostafa, Mohamed Salama, Lama El Kadi, Sukaina Alzyoud, Nihaya Al-Sheyab, James F Thrasher
The prevalence of waterpipe tobacco smoking in the Eastern Mediterranean Region is at alarmingly high levels, especially among young people. The objective of this research was to evaluate the preferences of young adult waterpipe smokers with respect to potential individual-level determinants of waterpipe smoking using discrete choice experiment methodology. Participants were young adult university students (18-29 years) who were ever waterpipe smokers, recruited from universities across four Eastern Mediterranean countries: Jordan, Oman, Palestine and the United Arab Emirates...
November 8, 2018: Health Promotion International
Zeina Akiki, Souheil Hallit, Nelly Layoun, Michelle Cherfane, Hala Sacre, Mirna Waked, Pascale Salameh
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to validate the Arabic version of the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) for use in Lebanese Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma patients and to identify risk factors that might affect the quality of life in these patients. METHODS: COPD (n = 90) and asthma patients (n = 124) were recruited from the outpatient clinics of the Pulmonology department of a university hospital and a medical center in Beirut. They filled out a standardized questionnaire...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Aya Mostafa, Heba Tallah Mohammed, Wafaa Mohamed Hussein, Mahmoud Elhabiby, Wael Safwat, Sahar Labib, Aisha Aboul Fotouh, Janet Hoek
OBJECTIVE: Despite the global increase in waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) including in Egypt, few studies have assessed the effectiveness of waterpipe tobacco (WT) health warnings. Egypt has used pictorial health warnings (PHWs) on waterpipe tobacco packs (WTPs) and has rotated these every two years since 2008. We explored in this qualitative study how participants perceived existing PHWs on WTPs, assessed how they interpreted novel plain packaging of WT featuring enhanced PHWs, and probed perceptions of how existing and novel sets would affect uptake or cessation of WTS...
October 23, 2018: BMJ Open
Nan Jiang, Nina Siman, Charles M Cleland, Nancy VanDevanter, Trang Nguyen, Nam Nguyen, Donna Shelley
Introduction: Smoking prevalence is high in Viet Nam, yet tobacco dependence treatment (TDT) is not widely available. Methods: We conducted a quasi-experimental study that compared the effectiveness of health care provider advice and assistance (ARM 1) vs. ARM 1 plus village health worker (VHW) counseling (ARM 2) on abstinence at 6-month follow-up. This study was embedded in a larger two-arm cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted in 26 community health centers (CHCs) in Viet Nam...
October 17, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Hamidreza Roohafza, Razieh Omidi, Tahereh Alinia, Kamal Heidari, Gholamhossein Mohammad-Shafiee, Morid Jaberifar, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Wasim Maziak
Background: Evidence is scarce on which factors contribute to cigarette and waterpipe contemplation and no previous study has examined the factors associated with waterpipe maintenance. Aims: This study aimed to determine the factors associated with cigarette and waterpipe smoking contemplation and maintenance among Iranian adolescents. Methods: Factors including depression, risky behaviour, family conflict, attitude to smoking acceptability and self-efficacy were examined using a questionnaire for 5500 adolescents at the smoking contemplation or maintenance stage...
October 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Mohammed M Alqahtani, Lynda T Goodfellow, Ralph D Zimmerman, Gerald S Zavorsky
BACKGROUND: Waterpipe (hookah) smoking is a form of tobacco smoking that is noticeably increasing worldwide, particularly among young adults. A growing body of literature indicates that college students may not be as knowledgeable as they should be in making decisions about waterpipe smoking. PURPOSE: This study evaluated the prevalence, knowledge, and attitudes regarding waterpipe smoking use among college-based health-care students. METHODS: Two instruments were found to be appropriate to the study, and permission was obtained to modify usage in this specific study...
October 16, 2018: Respiratory Care
Kristin E Knutzen, Meghan Bridgid Moran, Samir Soneji
Importance: Hip-hop is the leading music genre in the United States and its fan base includes a large proportion of adolescents and young adults of all racial and ethnic groups, particularly minorities. The appearance of combustible and electronic tobacco and marijuana products, especially brand placement and use by popular and influential artists, may increase the risk of tobacco and marijuana use and decrease perceptions of harm. Objective: To assess the prevalence of the appearance and use of combustible and electronic tobacco and marijuana products, including brand placement, in leading hip-hop songs...
October 15, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Andrea M Stroup, Steven A Branstetter
Despite the associated negative health outcomes, waterpipe smoking remains a popular method of tobacco consumption, specifically in young adults. While there have been expanding efforts to decrease waterpipe use, there is a new, non-combustible waterpipe device on the market, the electronic waterpipe (e-waterpipe), that could serve as an alternative to traditional, combustible waterpipe smoking. There is currently no known literature evaluating the e-waterpipe including prevalence of use or its health risks...
September 27, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Michaela Goecke, Kathrin Duhme
Currently, 28.7% of 18- to 64-year-olds in Germany smoke (26.1% of women/31.2% of men). Among the 12- to 17-year-olds, the smoking rate at 7.4%, is at a historic low. The smoking rate among the 18- to 25-year-olds has also fallen in recent years.The most important goal of the nationwide measures of the Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA) on tobacco prevention is to reduce the smoking rate. For this purpose, the BZgA carries out the "smoke-free" campaign, which is targeted at both adolescents and adults...
November 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Mahmoud A Alomari, Nihaya A Al-Sheyab, Omar F Khabour, Karem H Alzoubi
Waterpipe (Wp) use is associated with most devastating diseases and particularly popular among adolescents. Vascular endothelium growth factor (VEGF) is essential for generating new vessels. The effect of smoking tobacco on VEGF is controversial and unknown among adolescents. Therefore, the current study compared serum VEGF in adolescents smoking cigarettes (Cg) only (9.3%), Wp only (19.6%), and dual (Wp and Cg) (36.4%) versus nonsmokers (34.6%) in adolescents. A self-reported questionnaire and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to obtain smoking status and serum VEGF, respectively, in 475 (age: 14...
September 28, 2018: Biomolecules
Hesham M Korashy, Abdulaziz M Alsaad, Mohamed N Al-Arifi, Zaid H Maayah, Ibraheem M Attafi, Fawaz E Alanazi, Osama M Belali, Ali Alhoshani
Although a plethora of studies have examined tobacco smoke-cancer disease association, the involvement of cellular genetic toxicity remains unclear. Therefore, the present study provides molecular evidence for a pathway involved in the DNA damage induced by long-term cigarette and Waterpipe smoke in human subjects. The study population consisted of 45 subjects who were divided into three groups; healthy non-smokers group, cigarette-smokers group, and Waterpipe-smokers group. A questionnaire and consent form was distributed and signed by all participants...
October 1, 2018: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Svetlana Eckert, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman
AIM: While sizeable evidence regarding the association between stressful-life events and multiple sclerosis (MS) disease activity (clinical and/or radiological) was previously documented, their relation to MS risk is controversial. We aimed to investigate the possible association of stressful-life events and multiple sclerosis risk after adjustment for relevant confounders in an Iranian population. METHOD: This was a population-based incident case-control study that recruited 547 MS cases and 1057 healthy controls between August 2013 and February 2015, Tehran...
September 22, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Abdel Rahim Mahmoud Muddathir, Mozfar Idrees Abd Alla, Omar F Khabour
Cigarette smoking has been shown to be associated with changes in coagulation factors in the circulation and the subsequent thrombosis development. In this study, the impact of waterpipe smoking on the levels of fibrinogen, factor VII (FVII), and factor VIII (FVIII) was investigated. In addition, the effects of waterpipe smoking were compared to those of cigarette smoking and never smokers. A total of 80 male smokers (40 cigarette smokers and 40 waterpipe smokers) and 40 apparently healthy never smokers were recruited in the study...
2018: Acta Haematologica
Omar F Khabour, Karem H Alzoubi, Nihaya A Al-Sheyab, Mohammad A Azab, Adnan M Massadeh, Ahmed A Alomary, Thomas E Eissenberg
In this case-control study, the influence of waterpipe tobacco smoking on the plasma and saliva levels of cadmium, lead and zinc was examined in participants who were waterpipe tobacco smokers (WS) or never-smokers (NS). The concentration of metals was higher in WS relative to NS. The mean (SEM) cadmium concentration in plasma was 3.3 (0.18) µg/dL in WS versus 0.82 (0.09) µg/L in NS (p < .001) and in saliva was 5.1 (0.36) µg/L in WS versus 0.64 (0.2) µg/L in NS (p < .001). The mean (SEM) lead concentration in plasma was 5...
September 26, 2018: Inhalation Toxicology
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