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Tobacco smoking and rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29955191/implementation-of-a-pharmacist-led-inpatient-tobacco-cessation-intervention-in-a-rehabilitation-hospital-a-before-and-after-pilot-study
#1
Vivian W Li, James Lam, Pam Heise, Robert D Reid, Kerri A Mullen
Background: Inpatient rehabilitation presents a unique opportunity for smoking interventions, given the typical lengths of stay, the relevance of smoking to the admission diagnosis of many patients, and the occurrence of nicotine withdrawal during the hospital stay. Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of implementing a pharmacist-led version of the Ottawa Model for Smoking Cessation (OMSC) program at a rehabilitation hospital, using the indicators of reach, effectiveness, adoption, and implementation...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891467/tobacco-smoking-alcohol-drinking-and-betel-quid-chewing-behaviors-development-and-use-of-a-web-based-survey-system
#2
Kuo-Yao Hsu, Yun-Fang Tsai, Chu-Ching Huang, Wen-Ling Yeh, Kai-Ping Chang, Chen-Chun Lin, Ching-Yen Chen, Hsiu-Lan Lee
BACKGROUND: Smoking tobacco, drinking alcohol, and chewing betel quid are health-risk behaviors for several diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes, with severe impacts on health. However, health care providers often have limited time to assess clients' behaviors regarding smoking tobacco, drinking alcohol, and chewing betel quid and intervene, if needed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a Web-based survey system; determine the rates of tobacco-smoking, alcohol-drinking, and betel-quid-chewing behaviors; and estimate the efficiency of the system (time to complete the survey)...
June 11, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721729/the-untreated-addiction-going-tobacco-free-in-a-va-substance-abuse-residential-rehabilitation-treatment-program-sarrtp
#3
Megan Conrad, Teri Bolte, Leigh Gaines, Zackery Avery, Linda Bodie
Despite negative effects of tobacco on the human body and the high prevalence of smoking among those who enter treatment for substance use, few residential programs endorse a tobacco-free policy. Conventional wisdom suggests that it is overwhelming to quit more than one substance at a time, and as a result, many clinicians believe that a shift to a tobacco-free treatment environment is unfeasible. However, the most recent scientific literature suggests the opposite: targeting tobacco use during substance use treatment can increase abstinence rates from both smoking and substances of choice...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708447/prevalence-and-predictors-of-tobacco-smoking-in-veterans-and-service-members-following-traumatic-brain-injury-rehabilitation-a-va-tbims-study
#4
Marc A Silva, Heather G Belanger, Kristen Dams-O'Connor, Xinyu Tang, Tamara McKenzie-Hartman, Risa Nakase-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To identify prevalence and predictors of tobacco smoking among veterans and military service members (V/SM) with traumatic brain injury (TBI) admitted for rehabilitation. METHODS: Participants were drawn from the VA TBI Model Systems multicentre longitudinal research study. Tobacco smoking was assessed both preinjury and at 1- or 2-year post-TBI follow-up for 336 participants. RESULTS: Smoking prevalence was 32% preinjury and 28% at follow-up...
2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701494/change-in-body-mass-index-within-the-first-year-post-injury-a-va-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi-model-systems-study
#5
Racine Marcus Brown, Xinyu Tang, Laura E Dreer, Simon Driver, Mary Jo Pugh, Aaron M Martin, Tamara McKenzie-Hartman, Timothy Shea, Marc A Silva, Risa Nakase-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To describe change in body mass index (BMI) and weight classification 1-year post- traumatic brain injury (TBI) among Veterans and service members. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: VA Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers. PARTICIPANTS: Veterans and service members (N = 84) enrolled in VA Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems (VA TBIMS) study with BMI scores at enrollment and 1-year post-injury...
2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492741/smoking-predicts-food-insecurity-severity-among-persons-living-with-hiv
#6
Jin E Kim-Mozeleski, Janice Y Tsoh, Joseph Ramirez-Forcier, Brett Andrews, Sheri D Weiser, Adam W Carrico
Food insecurity is a key social and health issue among persons living with HIV (PLHIV). Food insecurity oftentimes co-occurs with substance use, but little is known about the relationship between tobacco use and food insecurity particularly among PLHIV. In this study, we prospectively examined the association of cigarette smoking with food insecurity in a cohort of 108 individuals seeking vocational rehabilitation services. Over the 12-month study period, smokers at baseline reported consistently higher levels of food insecurity compared to non-smokers...
February 28, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448378/a-mixed-method-review-of-tobacco-cessation-for-the-cardiopulmonary-rehabilitation-clinician
#7
REVIEW
Ana Mola, Madeleine M Lloyd, Miguel A Villegas-Pantoja
PURPOSE: To systematically survey the literature, describe the current tobacco science, and perform a mixed method review of randomized control trials of tobacco research in the cardiopulmonary population. METHODS: Mixed method review was conducted on major resource databases. Inclusion criteria were English language with a minimum follow-up of 6 months, published between January 1, 2007, and June 30, 2016; adult smokers ≥18 years of age with cardiovascular and/or pulmonary disease; initiation of subject recruitment from hospital or community; tobacco cessation (TC) as the main aim of the study; biometric validation of smoking status; first-line TC medications; and nonpharmacological treatments...
May 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101559/cannabis-use-in-persons-with-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-denmark
#8
Sven R Andresen, Fin Biering-Sørensen, Ellen Merete Hagen, Jørgen F Nielsen, Flemming W Bach, Nanna B Finnerup
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate recreational and medical cannabis use in individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury, including reasons and predictors for use, perceived benefits and negative consequences. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey in Denmark. METHODS: A 35-item questionnaire was sent to 1,101 patients with spinal cord injury who had been in contact with a rehabilitation centre between 1990 and 2012. RESULTS: A total of 537 participants completed the questionnaire...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576232/respiratory-conditions-update-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
REVIEW
Daphne J Karel
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is defined as persistent airflow limitation due to irritant-induced chronic inflammation. A postbronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second to forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) ratio of 0.7 or less is diagnostic in a patient with dyspnea, chronic cough or sputum production, and a history of irritant exposure. Tobacco smoking is the most significant etiology, and smoking cessation is the only intervention shown to slow disease progression. Long-acting beta2-agonists and long-acting muscarinic antagonists are first-line treatments for patients with persistently symptomatic COPD with an FEV1 of 80% or less of predicted...
September 2016: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262389/mhealth-in-cardiovascular-health-care
#10
REVIEW
Clara K Chow, Nilshan Ariyarathna, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Julie Redfern
Mobile health (mHealth) has been defined as medical and public health practice supported by mobile devices, such as mobile phones, patient monitoring devices and personal digital assistants. Cardiovascular mHealth is, arguably, leading the mHealth space, through innovation, research and implementation, and especially in the areas of prevention, cardiac rehabilitation and education. mHealth includes simple strategies, such as the use of short message service (SMS) or text messages in successful short-term smoking-cessation, weight loss and diabetes management programs...
August 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27069366/cognitive-impairment-and-stroke-in-elderly-patients
#11
REVIEW
Daniele Lo Coco, Gianluca Lopez, Salvatore Corrao
We reviewed current knowledge about the interaction between stroke and vascular risk factors and the development of cognitive impairment and dementia. Stroke is increasingly recognized as an important cause of cognitive problems and has been implicated in the development of both Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. The prevalence of cognitive impairment after stroke is high, and their combined effects significantly increase the cost of care and health resource utilization, with reflections on hospital readmissions and increased mortality rates...
2016: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27026764/which-measures-of-health-status-assessment-are-the-most-significant-in-organized-cohorts-with-low-current-cardiovascular-risk-the-screening-study-of-penitentiary-staff-in-saratov-region-russia
#12
Anton R Kiselev, Sergey V Balashov, Olga M Posnenkova, Mikhail D Prokhorov, Vladimir I Gridnev
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare different methods of health status assessment in organized cohort of penitentiary employees in Saratov Region, Russian Federation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 1,014 penitentiary employees (81.8% male) aged 33.4±6.8 years were included in the cohort study. All participants underwent an annual preventive health examination in the Center of Medical and Social Rehabilitation of Russian Federal Penitentiary Service in Saratov Region...
February 2016: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26883012/correlates-of-depressive-symptoms-in-individuals-attending-outpatient-stroke-clinics
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
Julianne Vermeer, Danielle Rice, Amanda McIntyre, Ricardo Viana, Steven Macaluso, Robert Teasell
Background and purpose Depressive symptoms are common post-stroke. We examined stroke deficits and lifestyle factors that are independent predictors for depressive symptomology. Methods A retrospective chart review was performed for patients' post-stroke who attended outpatient clinics at a hospital in Southwestern Ontario between 1 January 2014 and 30 September 2014. Demographic variables, stroke deficits, secondary stroke risk factors and disability study measures [Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)] were analyzed...
January 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26679964/development-and-validation-of-a-predictive-model-to-identify-individuals-likely-to-have-undiagnosed-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-using-an-administrative-claims-database
#14
Chad Moretz, Yunping Zhou, Amol D Dhamane, Kate Burslem, Kim Saverno, Gagan Jain, Giovanna Devercelli, Shuchita Kaila, Jeffrey J Ellis, Gemzel Hernandez, Andrew Renda
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of early detection, delayed diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is relatively common. Approximately 12 million people in the United States have undiagnosed COPD. Diagnosis of COPD is essential for the timely implementation of interventions, such as smoking cessation programs, drug therapies, and pulmonary rehabilitation, which are aimed at improving outcomes and slowing disease progression. OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a predictive model to identify patients likely to have undiagnosed COPD using administrative claims data...
December 2015: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26560514/recent-updates-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
REVIEW
Christine Garvey
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), characterized by chronic airways inflammation and progressive airflow limitation, is a common, preventable and treatable disease. Worldwide, COPD is a major cause of morbidity and mortality; smoking tobacco is the most important risk factor. This translational review of recent updates in COPD care for the primary care audience, includes recommendations from the 2015 Global Initiative for chronic obstructive lung disease (GOLD) report on diagnosis, pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment, prevalence of comorbidities, management of exacerbations and the asthma and COPD overlap syndrome, with a focus on the importance and benefit of physical activity and exercise in COPD patients...
2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26527025/-postnatal-visit-routine-and-particularity-after-complicated-pregnancy-guidelines-for-clinical-practice
#16
REVIEW
M Doret
OBJECTIVES: To propose guidelines for clinical practice for routine postnatal visit and after pathological pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bibliographic searches were performed with PubMed and Cochrane databases, and within international guidelines references. RESULTS: Postpartum visit should be planned 6 to 8 weeks after delivery and can be performed by an obstetrician, a gynecologist, a general practitioner or a midwife, when after normal pregnancy and delivery (Professional consensus)...
December 2015: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26511659/transforming-cardiac-rehabilitation-into-broad-based-healthy-lifestyle-programs-to-combat-noncommunicable-disease
#17
Ross Arena, Carl J Lavie, Lawrence P Cahalin, Paige D Briggs, Solange Guizilini, John Daugherty, Wai-Man Chan, Audrey Borghi-Silva
The current incidence and prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) is currently a cause for great concern on a global scale; future projections are no less disconcerting. Unhealthy lifestyle patterns are at the core of the NCD crisis; physical inactivity, excess body mass, poor nutrition and tobacco use are the primary lifestyle factors that substantially increase the risk of developing one or more NCDs. We have now come to recognize that healthy lifestyle interventions are a medical necessity that should be prescribed to all individuals...
2016: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26500471/overview-of-state-policies-requiring-smoking-cessation-therapy-in-psychiatric-hospitals-and-drug-abuse-treatment-centers
#18
David Krauth, Dorie E Apollonio
BACKGROUND: Research demonstrates that individuals in substance abuse treatment are more likely to die from tobacco addiction than from their primary addiction, yet historically substance abuse treatment has not included treatment for tobacco addiction. The purpose of our study was to (1) review the diffusion of state policies mandating the provision of tobacco cessation treatment as a condition of state licensure in substance abuse treatment facilities and psychiatric treatment centers and (2) describe the current landscape of policies relating to tobacco cessation in state-licensed substance abuse treatment facilities and psychiatric treatment centers...
2015: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25970938/aspects-of-physician-patient-communication-in-the-program-of-smoking-cessation
#19
Roxana-Maria Nemeş, Paraschiva Postolache, Adeline Tintilă, F D Mihălţan, F D Petrariu
The doctor-smoker patient communication is essential for smokers to realize the harmful effects of tobacco on health and the benefits of smoking cessation. Nicotine found in cigarettes is a powerful drug and a direct dependency generator, which makes smoking cessation difficult, the withdrawal syndrome being hard to overcome for many smokers. The doctor-smoker patient communication is a complex process of data, information and knowledge transmission, subjected to some semiotic rules. In the Counseling Center for Smoking Cessation (CCSC) from the Rehabilitation Clinical Hospital of Iasi the medical and psychological counseling and the pharmacologic therapy for smoking cessation is ensured by the qualified personnel...
January 2015: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25935830/study-protocol-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-for-people-attending-residential-substance-abuse-treatment
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Peter J Kelly, Amanda L Baker, Frank P Deane, Robin Callister, Clare E Collins, Christopher Oldmeadow, John R Attia, Camilla J Townsend, Isabella Ingram, Gerard Byrne, Carol A Keane
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease and cancer are leading causes of mortality for people with a history of alcohol or other substance use disorders. These chronic diseases share the same four primary behavioural risk factors i.e. excessive alcohol use, smoking, low intake of fruit and vegetables and physical inactivity. In addition to addressing problematic alcohol use, there is the potential for substance abuse treatment services to also address these other behaviours. Healthy Recovery is an 8-session group-based intervention that targets these multiple behavioural health risk factors and was developed specifically for people attending substance abuse treatment...
2015: BMC Public Health
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