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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729385/the-chinese-herbal-formula-zhibai-dihuang-granule-treat-yin-deficiency-heat-syndrome-rats-by-regulating-the-immune-responses
#1
Chang-Ming Liu, Jing Chen, Su Yang, Lian-Gen Mao, Ting-Ting Jiang, Hui-Hui Tu, Zhong-Liang Chen, Yu-Ting Hu, Lin Gan, Zhong-Jie Li, Ji-Cheng Li
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Zhibai Dihuang Granule (ZDG), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) made from eight Chinese herbs, has been classically used to treat Yin-deficiency-heat (YDH) syndrome. ZDG is well known with the therapeutic efficacy of nourishing Yin and decreasing internal heat in clinic, but the mechanism of ZDG's therapeutic effect is still not clear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High doses of triiodothyronine (T3) were given intraperitoneally to induce Hyperthyroid YDH syndrome in SD rats...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695737/multi-lectin-affinity-chromatography-and-quantitative-proteomic-analysis-reveal-differential-glycoform-levels-between-prostate-cancer-and-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-sera
#2
Sarah M Totten, Ravali Adusumilli, Majlinda Kullolli, Cheylene Tanimoto, James D Brooks, Parag Mallick, Sharon J Pitteri
Currently prostate-specific antigen is used for prostate cancer (PCa) screening, however it lacks the necessary specificity for differentiating PCa from other diseases of the prostate such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), presenting a clinical need to distinguish these cases at the molecular level. Protein glycosylation plays an important role in a number of cellular processes involved in neoplastic progression and is aberrant in PCa. In this study, we systematically interrogate the alterations in the circulating levels of hundreds of serum proteins and their glycoforms in PCa and BPH samples using multi-lectin affinity chromatography and quantitative mass spectrometry-based proteomics...
April 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684420/novel-cancer-gene-variants-and-gene-fusions-of-triple-negative-breast-cancers-tnbcs-reveal-their-molecular-diversity-conserved-in-the-patient-derived-xenograft-pdx-model
#3
Jaeyun Jung, Kiwon Jang, Jung Min Ju, Eunji Lee, Jong Won Lee, Hee Jung Kim, Jisun Kim, Sae Byul Lee, Beom Seok Ko, Byung Ho Son, Hee Jin Lee, Gyungyup Gong, Sei Yeon Ahn, Jung Kyoon Choi, Shree Ram Singh, Suhwan Chang
Despite the improved 5-year survival rate of breast cancer, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) remains a challenge due to lack of effective targeted therapy and higher recurrence and metastasis than other subtypes. To identify novel druggable targets and to understand its unique biology, we tried to implement 24 patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) of TNBC. The overall success rate of PDX implantation was 45%, much higher than estrogen receptor (ER)-positive cases. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed conserved ER/PR/Her2 negativity (with two exceptions) between the original and PDX tumors...
April 20, 2018: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566716/overexpression-of-zinc-%C3%AE-2-glycoprotein-suppressed-seizures-and-seizure-related-neuroflammation-in-pentylenetetrazol-kindled-rats
#4
Ying Liu, Teng Wang, Xi Liu, Yuetao Wen, Tao Xu, Xinyuan Yu, Xin Wei, Xueying Ding, Lijuan Mo, Maojia Yin, Xinjie Tan, Lifen Chen
BACKGROUND: Zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG) is a 42-kDa protein reported as an anti-inflammatory adipocytokine. Evidences from clinical and experimental studies revealed that brain inflammation plays important roles in epileptogenesis and seizure. Interestingly, closely relationship between ZAG and many important inflammatory mediators has been proven. Our previous study identified ZAG in neurons and found that ZAG is decreased in epilepsy and interacts with TGFβ and ERK. This study aimed to investigate the role of ZAG in seizure and explore its effect on seizure-related neuroinflammation...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529166/development-of-a-dynamic-multi-protein-signature-of-postoperative-delirium
#5
Sarinnapha M Vasunilashorn, Long H Ngo, Noel Y Chan, Wenxiao Zhou, Simon T Dillon, Hasan H Otu, Sharon K Inouye, Iris Wyrobnik, George A Kuchel, Janet E McElhaney, Zhongcong Xie, David C Alsop, Richard N Jones, Towia A Libermann, Edward R Marcantonio
Background: Delirium is common, morbid, and costly, yet its biology is poorly understood. We aimed to develop a multi-protein signature of delirium by identifying proteins associated with delirium from unbiased proteomics and combining them with delirium biomarkers identified in our prior work (interleukin [IL]-6 and IL-2). Methods: We used the Successful Aging after Elective Surgery (SAGES) Study of adults age ≥70 undergoing major non-cardiac surgery (N=560; 24% delirium)...
February 24, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357838/azgp1-inhibits-soft-tissue-sarcoma-cells-invasion-and-migration
#6
Jiayong Liu, Haibo Han, Zhengfu Fan, Marc El Beaino, Zhiwei Fang, Shu Li, Jiafu Ji
BACKGROUND: One of the major challenges in soft tissue sarcomas is to identify factors that predict metastasis. AZGP1 is a potential biomarker of cancer progression, but its value in soft tissue sarcomas remains unknown. The aim of this study is to determine the expression level of AZGP1 in soft tissue sarcomas, and to analyze its influence on tumor progression. METHODS: AZGP1 immunohistochemistry (IHC) and RT-PCR were performed in 86 patients with soft tissue sarcomas...
January 22, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285925/yeast-%C3%AE-glucan-suppresses-the-chronic-inflammation-and-improves-the-microenvironment-in-adipose-tissues-of-ob-ob-mice
#7
Yan Cao, Ying Sun, Siwei Zou, Bingchao Duan, Mengying Sun, Xiaojuan Xu
Inflammation in visceral adipose tissues (VATs) contributes to the pathology of diabetes. This study focused on the inflammatory regulation in VATs by a yeast β-1,3-glucan (BYG) orally administered to ob/ob mice. BYG decreased pro-inflammatory modulators of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, CCL2, and SAA3, and increased anti-inflammatory factors of Azgp1 (2.53 ± 0.02-fold change) at protein and/or mRNA levels (p < 0.05). Remarkably, BYG decreased the degree of adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs) infiltration to 82.5 ± 8...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122055/extruded-linseed-alone-or-in-combination-with-fish-oil-modifies-mammary-gene-expression-profiles-in-lactating-goats
#8
Y Faulconnier, L Bernard, C Boby, J Domagalski, Y Chilliard, C Leroux
Nutrition is a major factor that regulates ruminant milk components, particularly its fatty acid (FA) composition, which is an important determinant of milk nutritional quality. In the mammary gland, milk component biosynthesis involves a large number of genes under nutritional regulation that are not well understood. Thus, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of extruded linseeds (EL) alone or in combination with fish oil (ELFO) on goat mammary gene expression. In total, 14 goats were fed one of the following three diets: a natural grassland hay basal diet (CTRL) alone, CTRL supplemented with 530 g/day of EL, or 340 g/day of EL plus 39 g/day of fish oil (ELFO)...
November 10, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576733/neuronal-zinc-%C3%AE-2-glycoprotein-is-decreased-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-in-patients-and-rats
#9
Ying Liu, Teng Wang, Xi Liu, Xin Wei, Tao Xu, Maojia Yin, Xueying Ding, Lijuan Mo, Lifen Chen
Zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG) is a 42-kDa protein encoded by the AZGP1 gene that is known as a lipid mobilizing factor and is highly homologous to major histocompatibility complex class I family molecules. Recently, transcriptomic research has shown that AZGP1 expression is reduced in the brain tissue of epilepsy patients. However, the cellular distribution and biological role of ZAG in the brain and epilepsy are unclear. Patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and brain trauma were included in this study, and pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-kindled rats were also used...
May 31, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561811/prostate-cancer-azgp1-expression-predicts-favourable-outcomes
#10
Peter Sidaway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486686/a-prospective-multicentre-phase-iii-validation-study-of-azgp1-as-a-biomarker-in-localized-prostate-cancer
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
A Y Zhang, J S Grogan, K L Mahon, K Rasiah, P Sved, D R Eisinger, J Boulas, A Vasilaris, S M Henshall, P D Stricker, J G Kench, L G Horvath
Background: Prostate cancers (PCs) with similar characteristics at the time of diagnosis can have very different disease outcomes. Conventional biomarkers of PC still lack precision in identifying individuals at high risk of PC recurrence. While many candidate biomarkers are proposed in the literature, few are in clinical practice as they lack rigorous validation. This study prospectively enrolled an independent phase III cohort to evaluate the clinical utility of zinc-alpha 2-glycoprotein (AZGP1) as a prognostic biomarker in localized PC...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419103/establishment-of-a-tear-protein-biomarker-panel-differentiating-between-graves-disease-with-or-without-orbitopathy
#12
Cecilie Aass, Ingrid Norheim, Erik Fink Eriksen, Ellen Charlotte Børnick, Per Medbøe Thorsby, Milaim Pepaj
BACKGROUND: Graves' orbitopathy (GO) is an autoimmune inflammatory ocular complication and one of the most frequent manifestations of Graves' disease (GD). Clinical judgment of GO is subjective sometimes leading to clinical and therapeutic challenges. Better tools to diagnose this severe complication are warranted. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The aim of the present study was to evaluate tear levels of LYZ, LACRT and AZGP1 in GD patients with or without GO, as possible biomarkers for GO...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284716/th17-and-il-17-cause-acceleration-of-inflammation-and-fat-loss-by-inducing-%C3%AE-2-glycoprotein-1-azgp1-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-with-high-fat-diet
#13
Hyun Sik Na, Jeong-Eun Kwon, Seung Hoon Lee, JooYeon Jhun, Sung-Min Kim, Se-Young Kim, Eun-Kyung Kim, KyungAh Jung, Sung-Hwan Park, Mi-La Cho
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disorder that affects the joints. High-fat diet (HFD) is a risk factor for RA and is related to inflammation but responds minimally to medication. Given the association between HFD and inflammation, it is important to understand the function of inflammation-related T cells in RA with HFD. Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), a model of RA, was induced in HFD mice by injection of collagen II, and metabolic markers and T cells were analyzed. The metabolic index and IgG assay results were higher in HFD-CIA mice than in nonfat diet-CIA mice...
May 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160560/exosome-secretome-and-mediated-signaling-in-breast-cancer-patients-with-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-disease
#14
Julie V Philley, Anbarasu Kannan, David E Griffith, Megan S Devine, Jeana L Benwill, Richard J Wallace, Barbara A Brown-Elliott, Foram Thakkar, Varsha Taskar, James G Fox, Ammar Alqaid, Hernaina Bains, Sudeep Gupta, Santanu Dasgupta
Bronchiectasis Nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTMnb) infection is an emerging health problem in breast cancer (BCa) patients. We measured sera exosome proteome in BCa-NTMnb subjects and controls by Mass Spectroscopy. Extracellular matrix protein 1 (ECM1) was detected exclusively in the circulating exosomes of 82% of the BCa-NTMnb cases. Co-culture of ECM1+ exosomes with normal human mammary epithelial cells induced epithelial to mesenchymal transition accompanied by increased Vimentin/CDH1 expression ratio and Glutamate production...
March 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061542/an-efficient-method-for-native-protein-purification-in-the-selected-range-from-prostate-cancer-tissue-digests
#15
Rumana Ahmad, Carrie D Nicora, Anil K Shukla, Richard D Smith, Wei-Jun Qian, Alvin Y Liu
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (CP) cells differ from their normal counterpart in gene expression. Genes encoding secreted or extracellular proteins with increased expression in CP may serve as potential biomarkers. For their detection and quantification, assays based on monoclonal antibodies are best suited for development in the clinical setting. One approach to obtain antibodies is to use recombinant proteins as immunogen. However, the synthesis of recombinant protein for each identified candidate is time-consuming and expensive...
December 2016: Chinese Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053542/reduction-of-azgp1-predicts-poor-prognosis-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-in-northern-china
#16
Hong Tang, Yufeng Wu, Yanru Qin, Haiying Wang, Lili Wang, Xinyuan Guan, Suxia Luo, Qiming Wang
BACKGROUND: As a key regulator in lipid mobilization, AZGP1 has been reported to play a significant role in various cancers. This study was carried out to investigate the role of AZGP1 in the development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients in Northern China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through the application of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical staining, AZGP1 expression in ESCC tissues from Northern China was examined...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993894/downregulation-of-azgp1-by-ikaros-and-histone-deacetylase-promotes-tumor-progression-through-the-pten-akt-and-cd44s-pathways-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#17
Hua Tian, Chao Ge, Fangyu Zhao, Miaoxin Zhu, Lin Zhang, Qi Huo, Hong Li, Taoyang Chen, Haiyang Xie, Ying Cui, Ming Yao, Jinjun Li
Increasing evidence has shown that zinc-alpha2-glycoprotein (AZGP1) is associated with the progression and prognosis of several tumor types. However, little is known regarding the underlying molecular mechanisms of AZGP1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we report that transcription factor Ikaros bound to the AZGP1 promoter and increased its expression in HCC cells. The downregulation of AZGP1 was associated with histone deacetylation in HCC. In addition, the positive feedback regulation via acetylation of histone H4-mediated transactivation of the Ikaros promoter and the Ikaros-mediated transactivation of the acetylation of histone H4 were crucial for regulating AZGP1 expression in HCC cells...
February 1, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911324/proteomics-analysis-of-blood-serums-from-alzheimer-s-disease-patients-using-itraq-labeling-technology
#18
Liming Shen, Liping Liao, Cheng Chen, Yi Guo, Dalin Song, Yong Wang, Youjiao Chen, Kaoyuan Zhang, Ming Ying, Shuiming Li, Qiong Liu, Jiazuan Ni
Alzheimer' disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia affecting up to 6% of the population over the age of 65. In order to discover differentially expressed proteins that might serve as potential biomarkers, the serums from AD patients and healthy controls were compared and analyzed using the proteomics approach of isobaric tagging for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ). For the first time, AD biomarkers in serums are investigated in the Han Chinese population using iTRAQ labeled proteomics strategy...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903967/new-differentially-expressed-genes-and-differential-dna-methylation-underlying-refractory-epilepsy
#19
Xi Liu, Shu Ou, Tao Xu, Shiyong Liu, Jinxian Yuan, Hao Huang, Lu Qin, Hui Yang, Lifen Chen, Xinjie Tan, Yangmei Chen
Epigenetics underlying refractory epilepsy is poorly understood, especially in patients without distinctive genetic alterations. DNA methylation may affect gene expression in epilepsy without affecting DNA sequences. Herein, we analyzed genome-wide DNA methylation and gene expression in brain tissues of 10 patients with refractory epilepsy using methylated DNA immunoprecipitation linked with sequencing and mRNA Sequencing. Diverse distribution of differentially methylated genes was found in X chromosome, while differentially methylated genes appeared rarely in Y chromosome...
December 27, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695046/role-of-dicer1-dependent-factors-in-the-paracrine-regulation-of-epididymal-gene-expression
#20
Olivia Jerczynski, Nicolas Lacroix-Pépin, Eric Boilard, Ezequiel Calvo, Agathe Bernet, Michel A Fortier, Ida Björkgren, Petra Sipilä, Clémence Belleannée
Dicer1 is an endoribonuclease involved in the biogenesis of functional molecules such as microRNAs (miRNAs) and endogenous small interfering RNAs (endo-siRNAs). These small non-coding RNAs are important regulators of post-transcriptional gene expression and participate in the control of male fertility. With the knowledge that 1) Dicer1-dependent factors are required for proper sperm maturation in the epididymis, and that 2) miRNAs are potent mediators of intercellular communication in most biological systems, we investigated the role of Dicer1-dependent factors produced by the proximal epididymis (initial segment/caput)- including miRNAs- on the regulation of epididymal gene expression in the distal epididymis regions (i...
2016: PloS One
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