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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091863/fast-progression-of-cerebellar-atrophy-in-pla2g6-associated-infantile-neuronal-axonal-dystrophy
#1
Mario Mascalchi, Francesco Mari, Beatrice Berti, Emanuele Bartolini, Matteo Lenge, Andrea Bianchi, Laura Antonucci, Filippo M Santorelli, Barbara Garavaglia, Renzo Guerrini
Infantile neuronal axonal dystrophy (INAD) is characterized by progressive cerebellar atrophy. MRI has been recommended as a marker of disease progression in cerebellar diseases. We performed a longitudinal brain volumetry study in a couple of bicorial twins with PLA2G6-positive INAD. Brain volumetry was calculated with FreeSurfer software on 3T T1-weighted images acquired at age 28 (t 0) and 36 months (t 1) in patient 1 and at age 22 (t 0) and 31 months (t 1) in patient 2. Data at t 0 were compared to those obtained in 18 control children aged 14-44 months with normal MRI...
January 14, 2017: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088928/multi-modal-mri-investigation-of-volumetric-and-microstructural-changes-in-the-hippocampus-and-its-subfields-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-alzheimer-s-disease-and-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#2
Elijah Mak, Silvy Gabel, Li Su, Guy B Williams, Robert Arnold, Luca Passamonti, Patricia Vazquez Rodríguez, Ajenthan Surendranathan, W Richard Bevan-Jones, James B Rowe, John T O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Volumetric atrophy and microstructural alterations in diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measures of the hippocampus have been reported in people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). However, no study to date has jointly investigated concomitant microstructural and volumetric changes of the hippocampus in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). METHODS: A total of 84 subjects (23 MCI, 17 DLB, 14 AD, and 30 healthy controls) were recruited for a multi-modal imaging (3T MRI and DTI) study that included neuropsychological evaluation...
January 16, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077175/structural-correlates-of-trait-impulsivity-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-and-healthy-controls-a-surface-based-morphometry-study
#3
P C Tu, Y H Kuan, C T Li, T P Su
BACKGROUND: Patients with bipolar disorder (BD) frequently exhibit impulsive behaviors independent of their mood state, and trait impulsivity is increasingly recognized as a crucial BD biomarker. This study aimed to investigate structural correlates of trait impulsivity measured using the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) in healthy controls (HCs) and patients with BD. METHOD: We recruited 59 patients diagnosed with BD I or BD II (35.3 ± 8.5 years) and 56 age- and sex-matched HCs (33...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075185/cerebellar-heterogeneity-and-its-impact-on-pet-data-quantification-of-5-ht-receptor-radioligands
#4
Melanie Ganz, Ling Feng, Hanne Demant Hansen, Vincent Beliveau, Claus Svarer, Gitte M Knudsen, Douglas N Greve
In the quantification of positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer binding, a commonly used method is reference tissue modeling (RTM). RTM necessitates a proper reference and a ubiquitous choice for G-protein coupled receptors is the cerebellum. We investigated regional differences in uptake within the grey matter of the cerebellar hemispheres (CH), the cerebellar white matter (CW), and the cerebellar vermis (CV) for five PET radioligands targeting the serotonin system. Furthermore, we evaluated the impact of choosing different reference regions when quantifying neocortical binding...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072384/impact-of-cerebellar-atrophy-on-cortical-gray-matter-and-cerebellar-peduncles-as-assessed-by-voxel-based-morphometry-and-high-angular-resolution-diffusion-imaging
#5
Michael Dayan, G Olivito, M Molinari, Mara Cercignani, Marco Bozzali, M Leggio
In recent years the cerebellum has been attributed amore important role in higher-level functions than previously believed. We examined a cohort of patients suffering from cerebellar atrophy resulting in ataxia, with two main objectives: first to investigate which regions of the cerebrum were affected by the cerebellar degeneration, and second to assess whether diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) metrics within the medial (MCP) and superior cerebellar peduncle (SCP) - namely fractional anisotropy (FA) and radial diffusivity (RD) - could be used as a biomarker in patients with this condition...
October 2016: Functional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070912/role-of-testosterone-and-y-chromosome-genes-for-the-masculinization-of-the-human-brain
#6
Ivanka Savic, Louise Frisen, Amirhossein Manzouri, Anna Nordenstrom, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg
: Women with complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS) have a male (46,XY) karyotype but no functional androgen receptors. Their condition, therefore, offers a unique model for studying testosterone effects on cerebral sex dimorphism. We present MRI data from 16 women with CAIS and 32 male (46,XY) and 32 female (46,XX) controls. METHODS: FreeSurfer software was employed to measure cortical thickness and subcortical structural volumes. Axonal connections, indexed by fractional anisotropy, (FA) were measured with diffusion tensor imaging, and functional connectivity with resting state fMRI...
January 10, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070745/considering-total-intracranial-volume-and-other-nuisance-variables-in-brain-voxel-based-morphometry-in-idiopathic-pd
#7
Samuel Crowley, Haiqing Huang, Jared Tanner, Qing Zho, Nadine A Schwab, Loren Hizel, Daniel Ramon, Babette Brumback, Mingzhou Ding, Catherine C Price
Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) studies of Parkinson's disease (PD), have yielded mixed results, possibly due to several studies not accounting for common nuisance variables (age, sex, and total intracranial volume [TICV]). TICV is particularly important because there is evidence for larger TICV in PD. We explored the influence of these covariates on VBM by 1) comparing PD patients and controls before adding covariates, after adding age and sex, and after adding age, sex and TICV, and 2) by comparing controls split into large and small TICV before and after controlling for TICV, with age and sex accounted for in both analyses...
January 9, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060546/gray-matter-hypertrophy-and-thickening-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#8
Andrée-Ann Baril, Katia Gagnon, Pauline Brayet, Jacques Montplaisir, Louis De Beaumont, Julie Carrier, Chantal Lafond, Francis L'Heureux, Jean-François Gagnon, Nadia Gosselin
RATIONALE: Obstructive sleep apnea causes intermittent hypoxemia, hemodynamic fluctuations, and sleep fragmentation, all of which could damage cerebral gray matter that can be indirectly assessed with neuroimaging. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether markers of obstructive sleep apnea severity are associated with gray matter changes among middle-aged and older individuals. METHODS: Seventy-one subjects (ages: 55 to 76; apnea-hypopnea index: 0...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045900/no-evidence-of-association-between-childhood-urban-environment-and-cortical-thinning-in-psychotic-disorder
#9
Aleida Frissen, Jim van Os, Petra Habets, Ed Gronenschild, Machteld Marcelis
BACKGROUND: The alterations in cortical morphology, such as cortical thinning, observed in psychotic disorder, may be the outcome of interacting genetic and environmental effects. It has been suggested that urban upbringing may represent a proxy environmental effect impacting cortical thickness (CT). Therefore, the current study examined whether the association between group as a proxy genetic variable (patients with psychotic disorder [high genetic risk], healthy siblings of patients [intermediate risk] and healthy control subjects [average risk]) and CT was conditional on different levels of the childhood urban environment and whether this was sex-dependent...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040542/an-mri-von-economo-koskinas-atlas
#10
Lianne H Scholtens, Marcel A de Reus, Siemon C de Lange, Ruben Schmidt, Martijn P van den Heuvel
The cerebral cortex displays substantial variation in cellular architecture, a regional patterning that has been of great interest to anatomists for centuries. In 1925, Constantin von Economo and George Koskinas published a detailed atlas of the human cerebral cortex, describing a cytoarchitectonic division of the cortical mantle into over 40 distinct areas. Von Economo and Koskinas accompanied their seminal work with large photomicrographic plates of their histological slides, together with tables containing for each described region detailed morphological layer-specific information on neuronal count, neuron size and thickness of the cortical mantle...
December 28, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039796/vertex-wise-examination-of-depressive-symptom-dimensions-and-brain-volumes-in-older-adults
#11
Molly E McLaren, Sarah M Szymkowicz, Andrew O'Shea, Adam J Woods, Stephen D Anton, Vonetta M Dotson
Differences in brain volumes have commonly been reported in older adults with both subthreshold and major depression. Few studies have examined the association between specific symptom dimensions of depression and brain volumes. This study used vertex-wise analyses to examine the association between specific symptom dimensions of depression and brain volumes in older adults with subthreshold levels of depressive symptoms. Forty-three community-dwelling adults between the ages of 55 and 81 years underwent a structural Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan and completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)...
December 16, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034997/influence-of-t1-weighted-signal-intensity-on-fsl-voxel-based-morphometry-and-freesurfer-cortical-thickness
#12
S Chung, X Wang, Y W Lui
The effect of T1 signal on FSL voxel-based morphometry modulated GM density and FreeSurfer cortical thickness is explored. The techniques rely on different analyses, but both are commonly used to detect spatial changes in GM. Standard pipelines show FSL voxel-based morphometry is sensitive to T1 signal alterations within a physiologic range, and results can appear discordant between FSL voxel-based morphometry and FreeSurfer cortical thickness. Care should be taken in extrapolating results to the effect on brain volume...
December 29, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034600/sleep-changes-without-medial-temporal-lobe-or-brain-cortical-changes-in-community-dwelling-individuals-with-subjective-cognitive-decline
#13
Mariella Lauriola, Roberto Esposito, Stefano Delli Pizzi, Massimiliano de Zambotti, Francesco Londrillo, Joel H Kramer, Gil D Rabinovici, Armando Tartaro
INTRODUCTION: Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) is a risk factor for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer disease (AD). Although sleep has been shown to be altered in MCI and AD, little is known about sleep in SCD. METHODS: Seventy cognitively normal community-dwelling participants were classified as SCD (32) or controls (38) using the Subjective Cognitive Decline Questionnaire. Sleep was assessed using actigraphy and diaries. FreeSurfer was used for performing medial temporal lobes (MTLs) and brain cortical parcellation of 3T magnetic resonance images...
December 26, 2016: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033566/towards-a-holistic-cortical-thickness-descriptor-heat-kernel-based-grey-matter-morphology-signatures
#14
Gang Wang, Yalin Wang
In this paper, we propose a heat kernel based regional shape descriptor that may be capable of better exploiting volumetric morphological information than other available methods, thereby improving statistical power on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) analysis. The mechanism of our analysis is driven by the graph spectrum and the heat kernel theory, to capture the volumetric geometry information in the constructed tetrahedral meshes. In order to capture profound brain grey matter shape changes, we first use the volumetric Laplace-Beltrami operator to determine the point pair correspondence between white-grey matter and CSF-grey matter boundary surfaces by computing the streamlines in a tetrahedral mesh...
December 26, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031997/cortical-asymmetry-in-parkinson-s-disease-early-susceptibility-of-the-left-hemisphere
#15
Daniel O Claassen, Katherine E McDonell, Manus Donahue, Shiv Rawal, Scott A Wylie, Joseph S Neimat, Hakmook Kang, Peter Hedera, David Zald, Bennett Landman, Benoit Dawant, Swati Rane
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clinically, Parkinson's disease (PD) presents with asymmetric motor symptoms. The left nigrostriatal system appears more susceptible to early degeneration than the right, and a left-lateralized pattern of early neuropathological changes is also described in several neurodegenerative conditions, including Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal dementia, and Huntington's disease. In this study, we evaluated hemispheric differences in estimated rates of atrophy in a large, well-characterized cohort of PD patients...
December 2016: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028803/cortical-alterations-in-medication-overuse-headache
#16
Franz Riederer, Marie Schaer, Andreas R Gantenbein, Roger Luechinger, Lars Michels, Marihan Kaya, Spyridon Kollias, Peter S Sándor
OBJECTIVE: Using surface-based morphometry we aimed to provide a detailed examination of cortical alterations in medication-overuse headache (MOH), by disentangling between altered cortical thickness and gyrification (folding). BACKGROUND: In MOH, pain modulation is probably dysfunctional at the cortical and subcortical level, resulting in a disequilibrium between pain inhibition and facilitation. Both increased and decreased cortical volumes have been reported in individuals with MOH...
December 28, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003960/development-of-cortical-thickness-and-surface-area-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Vincent T Mensen, Lara M Wierenga, Sarai van Dijk, Yvonne Rijks, Bob Oranje, René C W Mandl, Sarah Durston
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder often associated with changes in cortical volume. The constituents of cortical volume - cortical thickness and surface area - have separable developmental trajectories and are related to different neurobiological processes. However, little is known about the developmental trajectories of cortical thickness and surface area in ASD. In this magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study, we used an accelerated longitudinal design to investigate the cortical development in 90 individuals with ASD and 90 typically developing controls, aged 9 to 20 years...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999528/quality-control-of-structural-mri-images-applied-using-freesurfer-a-hands-on-workflow-to-rate-motion-artifacts
#18
Lea L Backhausen, Megan M Herting, Judith Buse, Veit Roessner, Michael N Smolka, Nora C Vetter
In structural magnetic resonance imaging motion artifacts are common, especially when not scanning healthy young adults. It has been shown that motion affects the analysis with automated image-processing techniques (e.g., FreeSurfer). This can bias results. Several developmental and adult studies have found reduced volume and thickness of gray matter due to motion artifacts. Thus, quality control is necessary in order to ensure an acceptable level of quality and to define exclusion criteria of images (i.e., determine participants with most severe artifacts)...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996331/volumetric-and-morphometric-mri-findings-in-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
T Hellstrøm, L T Westlye, A Server, M Løvstad, C Brunborg, M J Lund, W Nordhøy, O A Andreassen, N Andelic
OBJECTIVE: This study compared cortical and sub-cortical volumes between patients with complicated (i.e. presence of intracranial abnormality on the day-of-injury CT) and uncomplicated (i.e. absence of intracranial abnormality) mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) 4 weeks post-injury. The study hypothesized regionally decreased brain volumes and reduced cortical thickness in patients with complicated MTBIs compared with uncomplicated MTBI. METHODS: This study was part of a larger 2 years cohort study on MTBI...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993232/cortical-morphology-characteristics-of-young-offspring-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-or-bipolar-disorder
#20
Gisela Sugranyes, Cristina Solé-Padullés, Elena de la Serna, Roger Borras, Soledad Romero, Vanessa Sanchez-Gistau, Clemente Garcia-Rizo, Jose Manuel Goikolea, Nuria Bargallo, Dolores Moreno, Inmaculada Baeza, Josefina Castro-Fornieles
OBJECTIVE: Cortical surface area and thickness abnormalities have been observed in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorders; however, no study thus far has examined cortical morphologic measurements in children and adolescents at genetic risk for the disorders comparatively. METHOD: One hundred thirty-seven participants, including 36 offspring of patients with schizophrenia (SzO), 54 offspring of patients with bipolar disorder (BpO), and 47 offspring of community controls (CcO), 6 to 17 years old, were assessed with clinical and neuroimaging methods...
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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