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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565253/virulence-marker-candidates-in-n-protein-of-viral-haemorrhagic-septicaemia-virus-vhsv-virulence-variability-within-vhsv-ib-clones
#1
Takafumi Ito, Jun Kurita, Koh-Ichiro Mori, Helle Frank Skall, Niels Lorenzen, Niccolò Vendramin, Nikolaj Gedsted Andersen, Katja Einer-Jensen, Niels Jørgen Olesen
Four major genotypes of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV), which have been isolated from many marine and freshwater fish species, are known to differ in virulence. While fast and low-cost genotyping systems based on monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) have been developed for typing of VHSV virulence, there is a need for supplementing the knowledge. In particular, 2 field isolates from viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) outbreaks in sea-reared rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss in Sweden, SE-SVA-14 and SE-SVA-1033 (both genotype Ib), have yielded contradictory reactions...
March 22, 2018: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760205/phylogeny-of-the-viral-hemorrhagic-septicemia-virus-in-european-aquaculture
#2
Michael Cieslak, Susie S Mikkelsen, Helle F Skall, Marine Baud, Nicolas Diserens, Marc Y Engelsma, Olga L M Haenen, Shirin Mousakhani, Valentina Panzarin, Thomas Wahli, Niels J Olesen, Heike Schütze
One of the most valuable aquaculture fish in Europe is the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, but the profitability of trout production is threatened by a highly lethal infectious disease, viral hemorrhagic septicemia (VHS), caused by the VHS virus (VHSV). For the past few decades, the subgenogroup Ia of VHSV has been the main cause of VHS outbreaks in European freshwater-farmed rainbow trout. Little is currently known, however, about the phylogenetic radiation of this Ia lineage into subordinate Ia clades and their subsequent geographical spread routes...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25952496/a-novel-multiplex-rt-qpcr-method-based-on-dual-labelled-probes-suitable-for-typing-all-known-genotypes-of-viral-haemorrhagic-septicaemia-virus
#3
D Vázquez, C López-Vázquez, H F Skall, S S Mikkelsen, N J Olesen, C P Dopazo
Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) is a notifiable fish disease, whose causative agent is a rhabdovirus isolated from a wide range of fish species, not only in fresh but also in marine and brackish waters. Phylogenetic studies have identified four major genotypes, with a strong geographical relationship. In this study, we have designed and validated a new procedure--named binary multiplex RT-qPCR (bmRT-qPCR)--for simultaneous detection and typing of all four genotypes of VHSV by real-time RT-PCR based on dual-labelled probes and composed by two multiplex systems designed for European and American/Asiatic isolates, respectively, using a combination of three different fluorophores...
April 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24991736/spatio-temporal-risk-factors-for-viral-haemorrhagic-septicaemia-vhs-in-danish-aquaculture
#4
Britt Bang Jensen, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Henrik Korsholm, Helle Frank Skall, Niels Jørgen Olesen
Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) is an economically very important fish disease in the northern hemisphere. When the VHS virus was first isolated in Denmark 50 yr ago, more than 80% of the 800 Danish fish farms were considered to be infected, but vigilant surveillance and eradication programmes led to a drastic reduction in prevalence, and finally, to complete eradication of VHS. Denmark thus obtained official status as an approved VHS-free member state within the European Union in November 2013. Data on outbreaks within the country have been collected since 1970, and here we combined these data with the geographical coordinates of fish farms to identify clusters of high disease prevalence and other risk factors...
May 13, 2014: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24719422/a-single-amino-acid-mutation-i1012f-of-the-rna-polymerase-of-marine-viral-hemorrhagic-septicemia-virus-changes-in-vitro-virulence-to-rainbow-trout-gill-epithelial-cells
#5
Sung-Hyun Kim, Beate J Thu, Helle F Skall, Niccolò Vendramin, Oystein Evensen
UNLABELLED: Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) is separated into four different genotypes (I to IV) with different sublineages (K. Einer-Jensen, P. Ahrens, R. Forsberg, and N. Lorenzen, J. Gen. Virol. 85:1167-1179, 2004; K. Einer-Jensen, J. Winton, and N. Lorenzen, Vet. Microbiol. 106:167-178, 2005). European marine VHSV strains (of genotypes I to III) are, in general, nonpathogenic or have very low pathogenicity to rainbow trout after a waterborne challenge, and here we also show that genotype IVa is nonpathogenic to trout...
July 2014: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23016520/development-and-validation-of-a-novel-taqman-based-real-time-rt-pcr-assay-suitable-for-demonstrating-freedom-from-viral-haemorrhagic-septicaemia-virus
#6
S P Jonstrup, S Kahns, H F Skall, T S Boutrup, N J Olesen
Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) is a serious disease in several fish species. VHS is caused by the rhabdovirus viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV). To prevent spreading of the pathogen, it is important to use a fast, robust, sensitive and specific diagnostic tool to identify the infected fish. Traditional diagnosis based on isolation in cell culture followed by identification using, for example, ELISA is sensitive and specific but slow. By switching to RT-PCR for surveillance and diagnosis of VHS the time needed before a correct diagnosis can be given will be considerably shortened and the need for maintaining expensive cell culture facilities reduced...
January 2013: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22347573/molecular-epidemiology-of-zoonotic-streptococcosis-lactococcosis-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-aquaculture-in-iran
#7
S Haghighi Karsidani, M Soltani, G Nikbakhat-Brojeni, M Ghasemi, Hf Skall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Streptococcosis/lactococcosis is a hyperacute systemic disease that can occur in marine and fresh waters of many species of fish. The aim of this work was to study the disease outbreak in the major rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) production of Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 108 Gram positive cocci isolates were obtained from diseased trout in seven provinces with major trout production during 2008 till 2009. These bacterial isolates were characterized using phenotypic and molecular studies...
December 2010: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21166311/first-isolation-and-genotyping-of-viruses-from-recent-outbreaks-of-viral-haemorrhagic-septicaemia-vhs-in-slovenia
#8
Ivan Toplak, Peter Hostnik, Danijela Rihtaric, Niels Jørgen Olesen, Helle Frank Skall, Vlasta Jencic
In November and December 2007, the virus causing viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) was detected in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss from 2 fish farms in Slovenia. During 2008 and 2009 the infection spread only among rainbow trout farms and 4 new outbreaks were confirmed. High mortality and clinical signs of VHS were observed among the diseased fish. VHSV was confirmed by virus isolation, immunoperoxidase test, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and phylogenetic analysis. Based on 1 complete (1524 nucleotides [nt]) and 9 partial (600 nt) glycoprotein gene nucleotide sequences, 9 VHSV isolates from the 6 VHS outbreaks were genetically closely related (99 to 100% identity), and were classified into the Subgroup I-a of Genotype I, most closely related to the German isolates Dstg21-07, Dstg36-06, and Dstg54-1-07 (99 to 100% identity)...
October 26, 2010: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19886668/dendrimers-for-vaccine-and-immunostimulatory-uses-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Peter M H Heegaard, Ulrik Boas, Nanna Skall Sorensen
Dendrimers are well-defined (monodisperse) synthetic globular polymers with a range of interesting chemical and biological properties. Chemical properties include the presence of multiple accessible surface functional groups that can be used for coupling biologically relevant molecules and methods that allow for precise heterofunctionalization of surface groups. Biologically, dendrimers are highly biocompatible and have predictable biodistribution and cell membrane interacting characteristics determined by their size and surface charge...
March 17, 2010: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19538460/fishpathogens-eu-vhsv-a-user-friendly-viral-haemorrhagic-septicaemia-virus-isolate-and-sequence-database
#10
S P Jonstrup, T Gray, S Kahns, H F Skall, M Snow, N J Olesen
A database has been created, http://www.FishPathogens.eu, with the aim of providing a single repository for collating important information on significant pathogens of aquaculture, relevant to their control and management. This database will be developed, maintained and managed as part of the European Community Reference Laboratory for Fish Diseases function. This concept has been initially developed for viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus and will be extended in future to include information on other significant aquaculture pathogens...
November 2009: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16266325/viral-haemorrhagic-septicaemia-virus-in-marine-fish-and-its-implications-for-fish-farming-a-review
#11
REVIEW
H F Skall, N J Olesen, S Mellergaard
Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) has, in recent decades, been isolated from an increasing number of free-living marine fish species. So far, it has been isolated from at least 48 fish species from the northern hemisphere, including North America, Asia and Europe, and fifteen different species including herring, sprat, cod, Norway pout and flatfish from northern European waters. The high number of VHSV isolations from the Baltic Sea, Kattegat, Skagerrak, the North Sea and waters around Scotland indicate that the virus is endemic in these waters...
September 2005: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15913897/the-relationship-between-smoker-and-nonsmoker-prototypes-and-smoking-status-among-14-year-old-norwegians
#12
Silje Skalle, Jostein Rise
The present study examined adolescents' perception of three smoking targets: a typical boy who smokes, a typical girl who smokes, and a typical nonsmoker, using 12 characteristics. Data were collected nationally from school classes among 14-year-old Norwegians in 2001 (N = 2153). Factor analysis indicated three correlated factors (Social attraction, Positive, and Negative) across the prototypes, but only the Social attraction scale had satisfactory reliability (Cronbach's alpha > 0.70). In addition, results show that the nonsmoker prototype may represent a goal state for nonsmokers when based on all three subscales, whereas for smokers, the prototypical smoker only represented a goal state for the Social attraction scale...
January 2006: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15584406/genetic-population-structure-of-marine-viral-haemorrhagic-septicaemia-virus-vhsv
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
M Snow, N Bain, J Black, V Taupin, C O Cunningham, J A King, H F Skall, R S Raynard
The nucleotide sequences of a specific region of the nucleoprotein gene were compared in order to investigate the genetic population structure of marine viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV). Analysis of the sequence from 128 isolates of diverse geographic and host origin renders this the most comprehensive molecular epidemiological study of marine VHSV conducted to date. Phylogenetic analysis of nucleoprotein gene sequences confirmed the existence of the 4 major genotypes previously identified based on N- and subsequent G-gene based analyses...
October 21, 2004: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
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