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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107402/risk-factors-for-postoperative-pain-intensity-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-disc-surgery-a-systematic-review
#1
Marie Dorow, Margrit Löbner, Janine Stein, Alexander Konnopka, Hans J Meisel, Lutz Günther, Jürgen Meixensberger, Katarina Stengler, Hans-Helmut König, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVES: Pain relief has been shown to be the most frequently reported goal by patients undergoing lumbar disc surgery. There is a lack of systematic research investigating the course of postsurgical pain intensity and factors associated with postsurgical pain. This systematic review focuses on pain, the most prevalent symptom of a herniated disc as the primary outcome parameter. The aims of this review were (1) to examine how pain intensity changes over time in patients undergoing surgery for a lumbar herniated disc and (2) to identify socio-demographic, medical, occupational and psychological factors associated with pain intensity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107219/do-neurocognitive-scat3-baseline-test-scores-differ-between-footballers-soccer-living-with-and-without-disability-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Richard Weiler, Willem van Mechelen, Colin Fuller, Osman Hassan Ahmed, Evert Verhagen
OBJECTIVE: To determine if baseline Sport Concussion Assessment Tool, third Edition (SCAT3) scores differ between athletes with and without disability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparison of preseason baseline SCAT3 scores for a range of England international footballers. SETTING: Team doctors and physiotherapists supporting England football teams recorded players' SCAT 3 baseline tests from August 1, 2013 to July 31, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 249 England footballers, of whom 185 were players without disability (male: 119; female: 66) and 64 were players with disability (male learning disability: 17; male cerebral palsy: 28; male blind: 10; female deaf: 9)...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106306/acupuncture-and-electro-acupuncture-for-people-diagnosed-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome-a-multicentre-randomized-trial
#4
J Lewis, J Sim, P Barlas
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders have been identified globally as the second most common healthcare problem for 'years lived with disability', and of these shoulder conditions are amongst the most common, frequently associated with substantial pain and morbidity. Exercise and acupuncture are often provided as initial treatments for musculoskeletal shoulder conditions but their clinical effectiveness is uncertain. This study compared group exercise with group exercise plus either acupuncture or electro-acupuncture in patients with subacromial pain syndrome...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104412/features-of-the-broader-autism-phenotype-in-people-with-epilepsy-support-shared-mechanisms-between-epilepsy-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
REVIEW
Annie E Richard, Ingrid E Scheffer, Sarah J Wilson
RICHARD, A.E., I.E. Scheffer and S.J. Wilson. Features of the broader autism phenotype in people with epilepsy support shared mechanisms between epilepsy and autism spectrum disorder. NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV 21(1) XXX-XXX, 2016.- To inform on mechanisms underlying the comorbidity of epilepsy and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), we conducted meta-analyses to test whether impaired facial emotion recognition (FER) and theory of mind (ToM), key phenotypic traits of ASD, are more common in people with epilepsy (PWE) than controls...
January 16, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104272/-preventing-carer-burnout
#6
REVIEW
Isabelle de Montety, Edgar Moussaoui, Jean-Marc Baleyte
The issue of the burnout of carers of disabled family members has been raising concern for several years. It is essential to identify the signs of suffering in the carer in order to put in place adapted support which will also be beneficial for the person being cared for. Autism, a disability which has a significant impact on the family circle, is an example of a condition for which providing support to carers is essential.
January 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104039/challenges-in-implementing-individual-placement-and-support-in-the-australian-mental-health-service-and-policy-context
#7
Yolande Stirling, Kate Higgins, Melissa Petrakis
Objective Although Australia's service and policy context differs from that of the US, studies have highlighted potential for individual placement and support (IPS) to support competitive employment outcomes for people with severe and persistent mental illness. The aim of the present study was to explore why the model is not yet widely available.Methods A document analysis was conducted to discern reasons for challenges in implementation of IPS practice principles within the Australian service context.Results The document analysis illustrated that although policy acknowledges the importance of increasing employment rates for people with severe and persistent mental illness, consistent measures, change indicators, direction and time frames are lacking in policy and strategy documentation...
January 20, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103876/the-norwegian-version-of-the-qolibri-a-study-of-metric-properties-based-on-a-12%C3%A2-month-follow-up-of-persons-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Helene Lundgaard Soberg, Cecilie Roe, Cathrine Brunborg, Nicole von Steinbüchel, Nada Andelic
BACKGROUND: Consequences after Traumatic brain injury (TBI) affect the injured person's self-image and quality of life. The purpose was to assess the health related quality of life (HRQoL) at 12 months after a TBI in patients admitted to regional trauma centres, and to evaluate the metric properties of the Norwegian version of the Quality of Life After Brain Injury (QOLIBRI) questionnaire. METHODS: Two hundred four patients with TBI of all severities were included...
January 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103520/using-health-promotion-guidelines-for-persons-with-disabilities-to-develop-and-evaluate-a-physical-activity-program-for-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-feasibility-study
#9
Alicia Dixon-Ibarra, Mara Nery-Hurwit, Simon Driver, Megan MacDonald
The Health Education for Persons with Multiple Sclerosis (HEMS) program was developed in response to the need for interventions aimed at increasing physical activity for individuals with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). It was developed and evaluated using Drum and colleagues (2009) guidelines for implementing health promotion programs for individuals with disabilities. The purpose of this feasibility study is to describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of the HEMS program. Thirteen individuals with MS completed the 8-week health education program...
December 13, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103495/emotion-socialization-and-internalizing-behavior-problems-in-diverse-youth-a-bidirectional-relationship-across-childhood
#10
Naomi V Rodas, Denise A Chavira, Bruce L Baker
Mothers' and fathers' emotion socialization (ES) practices have been widely associated with child socioemotional outcomes. To extend this research, we examined the bidirectional relationship between parent ES practices (supportive and non-supportive parenting) and internalizing behavior problems in children of Anglo and Latino parents. Participants were 182 mothers and 162 fathers and their children with or without intellectual disability (ID). We compared the stability of mother and father ES practices across child ages 4-8...
January 16, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101167/protective-approaches-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#11
Xianchi Li, Min Liu, Rongrong Sun, Yi Zeng, Shuang Chen, Peiying Zhang
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion is the leading cause for the events of cardiovascular disease, and is considered as a major contributor to the morbidity and mortality associated with coronary occlusion. The myocardial damage caused by ischemia-reperfusion injury constitutes the primary pathological manifestation of coronary artery disease. It results from the interaction between the substances that accumulate during ischemia and those that are delivered on reperfusion. The level of this damage can range from a small insult resulting in limited myocardial damage to a large injury culminating in myocyte death...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100221/psychosocial-work-factors-and-social-inequalities-in-psychological-distress-a-population-based-study
#12
Caroline S Duchaine, Ruth Ndjaboué, Manon Levesque, Michel Vézina, Xavier Trudel, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Clermont E Dionne, Benoît Mâsse, Neil Pearce, Chantal Brisson
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHP) are the leading cause of disability worldwide. The inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and MHP has been well documented. There is prospective evidence that factors from the work environment, including adverse psychosocial work factors, could contribute to the development of MHP including psychological distress. However, the contribution of psychosocial work factors to social inequalities in MHP remains unclear. This study evaluates the contribution of psychosocial work factors from two highly supported models, the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models to SEP inequalities of psychological distress in men and women from a population-based sample of Quebec workers...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100086/tracking-down-a-solution-exploring-the-acceptability-and-value-of-wearable-gps-devices-for-older-persons-individuals-with-a-disability-and-their-support-persons
#13
Brittany Williamson, Tammy Aplin, Desleigh de Jonge, Matthew Goyne
PURPOSE: To explore the acceptability and value of three wearable GPS devices for older persons and individuals with a disability and safety concerns when accessing the community. METHODS: This pilot study explored six wearers' and their support persons' experience of using three different wearable GPS devices (a pendant, watch, and mini GPS phone), each for a two-week period. RESULTS: Participants identified safety as the main value of using a wearable GPS device...
January 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099900/skeletal-muscle-aging-influence-of-oxidative-stress-and-physical-exercise
#14
REVIEW
Mariana Janini Gomes, Paula Felippe Martinez, Luana Urbano Pagan, Ricardo Luiz Damatto, Marcelo Diacardia Mariano Cezar, Aline Regina Ruiz Lima, Katashi Okoshi, Marina Politi Okoshi
Skeletal muscle abnormalities are responsible for significant disability in the elderly. Sarcopenia is the main alteration occurring during senescence and a key public health issue as it predicts frailty, poor quality of life, and mortality. Several factors such as reduced physical activity, hormonal changes, insulin resistance, genetic susceptibility, appetite loss, and nutritional deficiencies are involved in the physiopathology of muscle changes. Sarcopenia is characterized by structural, biochemical, molecular and functional muscle changes...
January 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098594/mediators-of-diabetic-neuropathy-is-hyperglycemia-the-only-culprit
#15
Anna Grisold, Brian C Callaghan, Eva L Feldman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is a disabling, highly prevalent complication of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1DM and T2DM). Large clinical studies support the concept that, in addition to hyperglycemia, components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) may underlie the pathogenesis of DPN, especially in T2DM. This review will present the evidence supporting the MetS and its individual components as potential causal factors for the development of neuropathy...
January 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096203/hospital-variation-in-functional-recovery-after-stroke
#16
Janet Prvu Bettger, Laine Thomas, Li Liang, Ying Xian, Cheryl D Bushnell, Jeffrey L Saver, Gregg C Fonarow, Eric D Peterson
BACKGROUND: Functional status is a key patient-centric outcome, but there are little data on whether functional recovery post-stroke varies among hospitals. This study examined the distribution of functional status 3 months after stroke, determined whether these outcomes vary among hospitals, and identified hospital characteristics associated with better (or worse) functional outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Observational analysis of the AVAIL study (Adherence Evaluation After Ischemic Stroke-Longitudinal) included 2083 ischemic stroke patients enrolled from 82 US hospitals participating in Get With The Guidelines-Stroke and AVAIL...
January 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096002/factors-influencing-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#17
Sun-A Park, Seung Hyun Chung, Youngjin Lee
The present study aimed to determine the predictors of quality of life (QOL) of patients with advanced cancer. A cross-sectional study involving 494 patients with advanced cancer was conducted using the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale-Short Form, the Karnofsky Performance Status Scale, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (Korean version), and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Core 30. Regression analyses showed that physical and psychological symptoms significantly predicted the patients' QOL and explained 28...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096001/reliability-and-validity-of-the-cope-index-among-caregivers-of-disabled-people
#18
Kristiina Juntunen, Riku Nikander, Timo Törmäkangas, Päivi Tillman, Anna-Liisa Salminen
AIM: To study the reliability and validity of the Carers of Older People in Europe (COPE) Index among caregivers of disabled people of different ages. METHODS: A cross-sectional design of Finnish caregivers (n=1117). Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was performed separately on samples of three different age groups, and the internal consistencies of the subscales were investigated. RESULTS: Three factors were identified; Cronbach's alpha was 0...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095755/changes-in-caregiver-burden-among-informal-caregivers-of-stroke-patients-in-mongolia
#19
Enkhzaya Chuluunbaatar, Christy Pu, Yiing-Jenq Chou
BACKGROUND: Modern therapeutics and health care improvements prolong stroke patients' survival; however, the degree of disability remains high. Stroke survivors often require caregivers, particularly in the first year after the onset of the stroke. Longitudinal assessment of and factors associated with caregiver burden (CGB) among caregivers of stroke patients has been scarcely discussed. This study aimed to define the changes in CGB in the first year of caregiving among the caregivers of stroke patients and to identify associated factors...
January 18, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095060/executive-functioning-mediates-the-effect-of-behavioral-problems-on-depression-in-mothers-of-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#20
Wai Chan, Leann E Smith, Jan S Greenberg, Jinkuk Hong, Marsha R Mailick
The present investigation explored long-term relationships of behavioral symptoms of adolescents and adults with developmental disabilities with the mental health of their mothers. Fragile X premutation carrier mothers of an adolescent or adult child with fragile X syndrome (n = 95), and mothers of a grown child with autism (n = 213) were included. Behavioral symptoms at Time 1 were hypothesized to predict maternal depressive symptoms at Time 3 via maternal executive dysfunction at Time 2. Results provided support for the mediating pathway of executive dysfunction...
January 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
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