Read by QxMD icon Read

Disability support

Manoel Antonio Dos Santos, Maria Laura de Paula Lopes Pereira-Martins
The tasks of caregiving for children with disabilities involve contextual life stressors. The study aimed to investigate the coping strategies used by parents of children with intellectual disabilities (ID). The search included articles published between 2001 and 2015 on the PubMed, LILACS and PsycINFO databases, using the following key words: intellectual disability, coping, parents, caregivers, family. Thirteen articles were selected, the majority of which adopt a cross-sectional, comparative and quantitative approach...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Mércia Mascarenhas Fernandes Cerqueira, Rafanielly de Oliveira Alves, Maria Geralda Gomes Aguiar
The scope of this study is to describe the experiences of mothers of children with intellectual disabilities who have been treated in a specialized institution in Feira de Santana, State of Bahia, during their therapeutic itineraries. The study adopted a qualitative approach and was conducted by means of semi-structured interviews. The results revealed that the discovery that their child has an intellectual disability is accepted by their mothers with emotions of shock, denial, anger, negotiation, depression and subsequent acceptance...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Luiz Carlos Boaventura, Heloise Cazangi Borges, Armando Hitoshi Ozaki
The scope of this study was to evaluate factors that influence the burden of adult wheelchair-bound patients with neurological alterations on informal caregivers. Sixteen informal caregivers of adult wheelchair-bound patients with neurological alterations were evaluated, using the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) scale to evaluate the burden on caregivers, as well as gather data on the care and socio-demographic profile of the caregivers, on the socio-economic data and the degree of functional independence of adult wheelchair-bound patients with neurological alterations...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Clarissa Altina Cunha de Araújo, Berta Paz-Lourido, Sebastià Verger Gelabert
Different types of supports to families are among the aspects that contribute to family quality of life. This study aims to identify the types of supports that families of children with disabilities, users of early intervention services, consider relevant and how public administration influences the quality of this support. This is a qualitative study based on a critical social paradigm. Sixteen mothers and four fathers were interviewed and their contributions were analyzed using discourse analysis. The importance of family support and networks of parents of children with disabilities were highlighted...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Tatiana Vasconcelos Dos Santos, Martha Cristina Nunes Moreira, Romeu Gomes
This article analyzes the approach to children and adolescent participation in disability studies. Methodologically, it combines a literature review and a theme-based content analysis to look at which dimensions of participation are explored in the literature. As the result of this study we highlight four areas: Sports, Quality of Life/Well-Being, School and Participation Metrics. We find that the focus is on participation as performing activities within a given context, with very few broader discussions about the domain as a human value related to socialization and the development of a support network, the management of independence and levels of dependence...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Giandra Anceski Bataglion, Alcyane Marinho
The scope of this study was to establish the perception of family members regarding playful activities developed for children with disabilities at a public health institution in Florianópolis (Santa Catarina State). It is a descriptive-exploratory study with a qualitative approach to the data. The participants were family members of children with disabilities who receive health care in a rehabilitation institution. For data collection, a semi-structured interview script with systematic observations was used...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Bruna Rafaela de Batista, Márcia Duarte, Fabiana Cia
The presence of a disabled person causes transformations in the family that demand a redefinition of the role of each member. Siblings, like all other members, experience frustration, acceptance, guilt and adaptation. In this respect, an attempt was made to; (a) analyze the interaction between a sibling with standard development and a sibling with Down syndrome; (b) identify what information and reaction the siblings with standard development have regarding the diagnosis of Down syndrome; (c) verify whether or not there were changes in the family context and also changes in their own lives after the birth of the sibling with Down syndrome...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Nádia Xavier Moreira, Ludmila Fontenele Cavalcanti, Rodriane de Oliveira Souza
This is a qualitative study based on in-depth interviews, with the aim of analyzing the meanings associated with a social phenomenon, specifically disabilities in the military field. A total of 22 people were interviewed, 3 managers and 19 Brazilian Navy professionals responsible for coordinating, standardizing, enforcing and overseeing the Special Care Program (Programa de Assistência Especial) in Rio de Janeiro. Data was processed using the Interpretation of Meaning Approach, based on the concept of disablement and military habitus...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Gonçalo S Duarte, Mafalda Castelão, Filipe B Rodrigues, Raquel E Marques, Joaquim Ferreira, Cristina Sampaio, Austen P Moore, João Costa
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2003. Cervical dystonia is the most common form of focal dystonia and is a disabling disorder characterised by painful involuntary head posturing. There are two available formulations of botulinum toxin, with botulinum toxin type A (BtA) usually considered the first line therapy for this condition. Botulinum toxin type B (BtB) is an alternative option, with no compelling theoretical reason why it might not be as- or even more effective - than BtA...
October 26, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Rongwei Li, Kang Ma, Hengli Zhao, Zhou Feng, Yang Yang, Hongfei Ge, Xuan Zhang, Jun Tang, Yi Yin, Xin Liu, Liang Tan, Hua Feng
The morbidity, mortality, and disability associated with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) secondary to intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) represent a global burden. To date, there is no effective therapy for ICH other than supportive care. In this study, we assessed the neuroprotective effects of Cattle encephalon glycoside and ignotin (CEGI) injection in a rat model of ICH with ventricular extension (IVH/ICH). The IVH/ICH rat model was induced via injection of type IV collagenase in the caudate nucleus of Sprague-Dawley rats...
October 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yeliz Karaca, Yudong Zhang, Carlo Cattani
Our purpose is to develop a clinical decision support system to classify the patients' diagnostics based on features gathered from Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS). We studied 120 patients and 19 healthy individuals (not afflicted with MS) have been studied for this study. Healthy individuals in the control group do not have any complaint or drug use history. For the kernel trick, efficient performance in non-linear classification, the Convex Combination of Infinite Kernels model was developed to measure the health status of patients based on features gathered from MRI and EDSS...
October 24, 2016: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
Lori L Davis, Ai Ota, Pamela Perry, Kana Tsuneyoshi, Emmanuelle Weiller, Ross A Baker
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) with concurrent anxiety symptoms may signal a difficult-to-treat patient. Brexpiprazole is a serotonin-dopamine activity modulator: a partial agonist at 5-HT1A and dopamine D2 receptors at similar potency, and an antagonist at 5-HT2A and noradrenaline alpha1B/2C receptors. The objective of this Phase IIIb study was to explore effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of brexpiprazole adjunctive to antidepressant (ADT) monotherapy in patients with MDD and anxiety symptoms (NCT02013531)...
October 2016: Brain and Behavior
Roghayeh Chenary, Azita Noroozi, Sedighe Sadat Tavafian, Maliheh Saeed Firoozabadi
BACKGROUND: Health-promoting behaviors can enhance physical and mental health among individuals with disability, particularly veterans. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to examine both one-way direct and indirect effects of the factors of the Health Promotion Model (HPM) on health-promoting behaviors in chemical veterans from Ilam province in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014. In this study, 239 moderate-to-severe chemical veterans from Illam province supported by the veterans' affairs department of Ilam were evaluated via census sampling...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability and most commonly presents with focal neurologic deficit within a specific vascular distribution. Several other conditions may present in a similar manner. OBJECTIVES: This review provides emergency providers with an understanding of stroke mimics, use of thrombolytics in these mimics, and keys to differentiate true stroke from mimic. DISCUSSION: Stroke has significant morbidity and mortality, and the American Heart Association emphasizes rapid recognition and aggressive treatment for patients with possible stroke-like symptoms, including thrombolytics...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Wei Gao, Vincent Crosby, Andrew Wilcock, Rachael Burman, Eli Silber, Nilay Hepgul, K Ray Chaudhuri, Irene J Higginson
BACKGROUND: There is no standard palliative care outcome measure for people with progressive long term neurological conditions (LTNC). This study aims to determine the psychometric properties of a new 8-item palliative care outcome scale of symptom burden (IPOS Neuro-S8) in this population. DATA AND METHODS: Data were merged from a Phase II palliative care intervention study in multiple sclerosis (MS) and a longitudinal observational study in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD), multiple system atrophy (MSA) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP)...
2016: PloS One
Michael Argenyi
Applicants to medical schools who are deaf and hard of hearing (DHoH) or who have other disabilities face significant barriers to medical school admission. One commonly cited barrier to admission is medical schools' technical standards (TS) for admission, advancement, and graduation. Ethical values of diversity and equity support altering the technical standards to be more inclusive of people with disabilities. Incorporating these values into admissions, advancement, and graduation considerations for DHoH and other students with disabilities can contribute to the physician workforce being more representative of the diverse patients it serves and better able to care for them...
October 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
Patricia M Davidson, Cynda Hylton Rushton, Jennifer Dotzenrod, Christina A Godack, Deborah Baker, Marie N Nolan
The Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability and requires schools to provide reasonable accommodations for persons with disabilities. The profession of nursing is striving for diversity and inclusion, but barriers still exist to realizing accommodations for people with disabilities. Promoting disclosure, a supportive and enabling environment, resilience, and realistic expectations are important considerations if we are to include among our ranks health professionals who can understand, based on similar life experiences of disability, a fuller range of perspectives of the patients we care for...
October 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
Tine Gjedde Sommer, Susanne Wulff Svendsen, Poul Frost
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine if combined pain (pain in the upper and lower body), high occupational mechanical exposures, and job strain predict sickness absence and permanent work disability, particularly if co-occurring. METHODS: This longitudinal study was based on the musculoskeletal research database at the Danish Ramazzini Centre. We linked baseline information from 2001-2004 on musculoskeletal pain, job titles, and covariates with register information on sickness absence and permanent work disability...
October 13, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
J S Yu, A Y Xue, E E Redei, N Bagheri
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a critical cause of morbidity and disability with an economic cost of hundreds of billions of dollars each year, necessitating more effective treatment strategies and novel approaches to translational research. A notable barrier in addressing this public health threat involves reliable identification of the disorder, as many affected individuals remain undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. An objective blood-based diagnostic test using transcript levels of a panel of markers would provide an invaluable tool for MDD as the infrastructure-including equipment, trained personnel, billing, and governmental approval-for similar tests is well established in clinics worldwide...
October 25, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
Nataša Bizovičar, Zlatko Matjačić, Irena Stanonik, Nika Goljar
Regaining of the patient's ability to walk after stroke is an important goal of rehabilitation programmes. The ultimate goal of gait rehabilitation is to empower patients for overground walking. We have previously developed a prototype of a therapist-controlled mobile platform with compliant pelvis support mechanism that enables balance training during overground walking (device E-go). The aim of this pilot randomized controlled study was to explore the usefulness of the E-go in reducing the number of therapists needed during walking training, and to explore the effectiveness of the E-go on walking abilities in severely affected stroke patients...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"