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Workplace rehabilitation

Vahid Zamanzadeh, Leila Valizadeh, Azad Rahmani, Mohammad Zirak, Huget Desiron
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to explore Iranian cancer survivors' experiences of returning to work. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 20 cancer survivors at their workplace and in a referral cancer center. Data were analyzed using a conventional content analysis technique. RESULTS: Three main categories were identified as important in cancer survivors' experiences of returning to work: (1) individual perspectives, (2) nature of disease, and (3) access to support system...
July 20, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Lena Strindlund, Madeleine Abrandt-Dahlgren, Christian Ståhl
PURPOSE: This study aims to increase our understanding of employers' views on the employability of people with disabilities. Despite employers' significant role in labor market inclusion for people with disabilities, research is scarce on how employers view employability for this group. METHODS: This was a qualitative empirical study with a phenomenographic approach using semi-structured interviews with 27 Swedish employers from a variety of settings and with varied experience of working with people with disabilities...
June 30, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Marianne Roos, Jean-Sébastien Roy
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of a rehabilitation program and its effect on the performance-related musculoskeletal symptoms and functional limitations of orchestral musicians. DESIGN: Single-blind pilot randomized controlled trial with exercise group and control group. SETTING: Workplace of professional symphony orchestra and tertiary-level conservatory orchestral musicians. PARTICIPANTS: Professional and student orchestral musicians with or without performance-related musculoskeletal disorders...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Giorgio Mattei, Valentina Sacchi, Salvatore Alfieri, Antonella Bisi, Niccolò Colombini, Silvia Ferrari, Giuseppe Giubbarelli, Fabriziomaria Gobba, Alberto Modenese, Luca Pingani, Marco Rigatelli, Marisa Rossetti, Giulia Venturi, Fabrizio Starace, Gian Maria Galeazzi
BACKGROUND: The triple-dip recession taking place in Italy in 2008-2014 impacted negatively on health, mainly by increasing the rate of unemployment. This increased the prevalence of mental health disorders, while reducing the number of available places on vocational rehabilitation programs (VRPs) delivered by the psychiatric services. OBJECTIVES: To explore the different points of views of stakeholders (namely, users and professionals) involved in VRPs developed inside an Italian Community Mental Health Center (CMHC)...
May 11, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Katharine Heathcote, Martin Wullschleger, Jing Sun
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize evidence of the effectiveness of socio-ecological resilience rehabilitation programs on returning to work (RTW), self-efficacy, and stress mitigation following traumatic physical injuries. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, Proquest, Cinahl, Web of Science, Clinical Trials Database, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched. Methodological quality was assessed using the PEDro tool. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized interventions aimed at promoting resilience...
June 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Emily Nalder, Laura Hartman, Anne Hunt, Gillian King
There is a growing trend in traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation, and research, to focus on the processes of adaptation following the injury. Resiliency is an umbrella term describing the range of personal protective factors, environmental supports and resources, as well as self-regulatory processes, engaged in response to adversity. An affective, cognitive, and behavioural self-regulatory process model of resiliency in the workplace was adapted to suit the TBI context. Through a narrative review of the literature pertaining to brain injury rehabilitation, participation, and resilience, we substantiated the model, and explained how resiliency can frame research on life experiences following the injury...
June 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Sarah Hean, Elisabeth Willumsen, Atle Ødegård
Purpose Effective collaboration between mental health services (MHS) and criminal justice services (CJS) impacts on mental illness and reduces reoffending rates. This paper proposes the change laboratory model (CLM) of workplace transformation as a potential tool to support interagency collaborative practice that has potential to complement current integration tools used in this context. The purpose of this paper is to focus specifically on the theoretical dimension of the model: the cultural historical activity systems theory (CHAT) as a theoretical perspective that offers a framework with which interactions between the MHS and CJS can be better understood...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Prisoner Health
Owen Howlett, Carol McKinstry, Natasha A Lannin
BACKGROUND/AIM: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) improves active movement of the hemiplegic upper and lower limbs following stroke. The use of FES by Australian allied health clinicians in stroke rehabilitation is, however, unknown. The purpose of this study was to understand the use of FES in clinical practice. Reasons for the use of FES and potential variables that influence decision-making were also investigated. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of Victorian allied health clinicians, using a snowball recruitment method...
May 31, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
David M Antle, Lauren Cormier, Megan Findlay, Linda L Miller, Julie N Côté
Sit-stand workstations are a popular workplace intervention. Organizations often require a medical professional's guidance for implementation. Therefore, it is important to understand potential negative outcomes associated with standing work, such as lower limb discomfort and peripheral vascular issues. The objective of this study was to compare changes in lower limb discomfort, blood pressure and blood flow accumulation during a light-load repetitive upper limb work task accomplished from seated and standing postures...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Susann Porter, Annika Lexén, Suzanne Johanson, Ulrika Bejerholm
BACKGROUND: Depression is among the major causes of disability with a negative impact on both daily life and work performance. Whilst depression is the primary cause of sick-leave and unemployment in today's workplace there is a lack of knowledge of the needs of individuals with depression regarding their return-to-work (RTW) process. OBJECTIVE: To explore which factors are of critical importance for people suffering from depression and who also are unemployed in their RTW-process and to explore the impact of two vocational approaches on the service users' experiences...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Munira Hoosain, Susan de Klerk, Marlette Burger
Purpose The objective of this systematic review was to identify, collate and analyse the current available evidence on the effectiveness of workplace-based rehabilitative interventions in workers with upper limb conditions on work performance, pain, absenteeism, productivity and other outcomes. Methods We searched Medline, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science, Academic Search Premier, Africa-Wide Information, CINAHL, OTSeeker and PEDro with search terms in four broad areas: upper limb, intervention, workplace and clinical trial (no date limits)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Eva Esteban, Michaela Coenen, Elizabeth Ito, Sonja Gruber, Chiara Scaratti, Matilde Leonardi, Olga Roka, Evdokia Vasilou, Amalia Muñoz-Murillo, Carolina C Ávila, Dare S Kovačič, Ivana Ivandic, Carla Sabariego
The effectiveness of strategies targeting professional integration and reintegration strongly depends on the experiences of participants. The aim of this systematic literature review is to synthesize European qualitative studies exploring views and experiences of persons with chronic conditions regarding strategies for integration and reintegration into work. The systematic search was conducted in Medline, PsycINFO, CDR-HTA, CDR-DARE and Cochrane Systematic Reviews. Overall, 24 studies published in English between January 2011 and April 2016 were included...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Elizabeth Russell, Agnieszka Kosny
PURPOSE: Workers who are injured or become ill on the job are best able to return-to-work when stakeholders involved in their case collaborate and communicate. This study examined health care providers' and case managers' engagement in rehabilitation and return-to-work following workplace injury or illness. METHOD: In-depth interviews were conducted with 97 health care providers and 34 case managers in four Canadian provinces about their experiences facilitating rehabilitation and return-to-work, and interacting with system stakeholders...
May 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Turhan Kahraman, Asiye Tuba Özdoğar, Cynthia Alison Honan, Özge Ertekin, Serkan Özakbaş
PURPOSE: To linguistically and culturally adapt the Multiple Sclerosis Work Difficulties Questionnaire-23 (MSWDQ-23) for use in Turkey, and to examine its reliability and validity. METHODS: Following standard forward-back translation of the MSWDQ-23, it was administered to 124 people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Validity was evaluated using related outcome measures including those related to employment status and expectations, disability level, fatigue, walking, and quality of life...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
E-L Petersson, C Wikberg, J Westman, N Ariai, S Nejati, C Björkelund
BACKGROUND: Depression reduces individuals' function and work ability and is associated with both frequent and long-term sickness absence. OBJECTIVE: Investigate if monitoring of depression course using a self-assessment instrument in recurrent general practitioner (GP) consultations leads to improved work ability, decreased job strain, and quality of life among primary care patients. METHODS: Primary care patients n = 183, who worked...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Katja Böhme, Astrid Wirth, Nicole Labitzke, Sergei Pachtchenko, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: In a previous RCT we established the efficacy of the psychodynamic online aftercare programme 'GSA-Online' ('Health Training Stress Management at the Workplace') for rehabilitants with work-related stress facing return to work after long-term sickness absence. The purpose of this trial is to implement it into routine care. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is performed in rehabilitation clinics with patients of different medical indications (psychosomatic, orthopedic and cardiological diseases)...
May 2, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Jonathon Breen, Farinaz Havaei, Cristina Pitassi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this two-part study was to provide input into a strategy to improve employment opportunities for persons with disabilities in Armenia. BACKGROUND: Employment rates for persons with disabilities in Armenia have been variously reported between eight and 21%, much below the general employment rate of 82%. METHOD: First, a Participatory Action Research process led to the development of a 15 item self-report measure - the Perceived Barriers to Employing Persons with Disabilities Scale - which was administered to 158 employers...
April 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Georgia I Skoufi, Georgios A Lialios, Styliani Papakosta, Theodoros C Constantinidis, Petros Galanis, Evangelia Nena
Context: Adverse work schedules and conditions may affect the physical, mental, and social wellbeing of workers, impairing quality of life and causing conflict between family and work roles. Aims: To compare quality of life, professional quality of life (ProQOL), and work/family conflict (WFC) between shift workers and nonshift workers and explore possible associations with demographic characteristics. Settings and Design: : A cross-sectional study was conducted in a rehabilitation center in Central Greece, recording demographic, occupational, and family characteristics...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Alexander Meschnig, Ernst von Kardorff, Sebastian Klaus
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The study aimed at the reconstruction of the trajectories of participants of a two-year vocational-retraining into new workplaces thereby identifying favourable and risky conditions of the return-to-work process. From a practical point of view the study identified special needs and necessities for after-care facilities. METHODS: A Mixed-Method-Design was used. Quantitatively the follow-up-study included 214 persons who participated for three times on filling out a questionnaire over a period of eighteen months after the end of the vocational retraining...
March 28, 2018: Die Rehabilitation
Yao-Hui Huang, Yao-Yu Lin, Shih-Kai Lee, Ming-Feng Lee, Ching-Lan Esther Lin
BACKGROUND: The ideology of recovery addresses the autonomy of patients with mental illness and their ability to reconstruct a normal life. Empirical knowledge of this process of recovery and related factors remains unclear. PURPOSE: To assess the process of recovery and related factors in patients with mental illness. METHODS: This cross-sectional, correlational study was conducted on a convenience sample in a psychiatric hospital. Two-hundred and fifty patients with mental illness were recruited and were assessed using 3 instruments: Questionnaire about the Process of Recovery (QPR), Perceived Psychiatric Stigma Scale (PPSS), and Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP)...
April 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
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