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Workplace rehabilitation

Agnieszka Bukowska-Damska, Elzbieta Skowronska-Jozwiak, Beata Peplonska
Osteoporosis is an important public health problem worldwide. Among the countries with a very high population risk of fractures, there are those with the highest level of economic development. Osteoporotic fractures are the main cause of disability among elderly people, and the resultant disabilities require particularly large financial support associated not only with the direct treatment of the fracture but also with the necessity for long-term rehabilitation and care for the disabled person. Many well-established factors can have impact on bone mass and fracture risk...
October 12, 2018: Chronobiology International
Elisabeth Vigrestad Svinndal, Chris Jensen, Marit By Rise
PURPOSE: The aim was to identify and explore factors, which facilitate or hinder work participation for people with hearing impairment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In-depth interviews with 21 hearing impaired individuals of 32-67 years of age with a present or recent vocational affiliation were conducted. The analysis was conducted using a grounded theory approach. RESULTS: The analysis resulted in a conceptual framework of working life trajectories evolving through three phases of acknowledgement of hearing loss impact: the pre-acknowledgement, acknowledgement, and post-acknowledgement phase...
October 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Elisabeth Björk Brämberg, Irene Jensen, Lydia Kwak
AIM: The aim is to assess whether the national policy for evidence-based rehabilitation with a focus on facilitating return-to-work is being implemented in health-care units in Sweden and which factors influence its implementation. METHODS: A survey design was used to investigate the implementation. Data were collected at county council management level (process leaders) and clinical level (clinicians in primary and secondary care) using web surveys. Data were analyzed using SPSS, presented as descriptive statistics...
October 4, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Filipe Lima Santos, Andreia Ferreira, Rita Grazina, David Sá, Pedro Canela, Rui Lemos
Objective: This study is aimed at evaluating the long-term results of proximal scaphoid hemiarthroplasty for post-traumatic avascular necrosis at this institution. Methods: Twelve patients who underwent this procedure were identified, and the mean follow-up time was 6.5 years (range: 5-8 years). All patients were male, with a mean age of 39 years (range: 28-55 years). In eight patients, the non-dominant limb was affected. The procedure was carried out through a dorsal approach and all patients underwent the same rehabilitation protocol...
September 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Ailin Luo, Xue Zhang, Shiyong Li, Yilin Zhao
RATIONALE: Anesthesiologists have a well-known increased risk of substance abuse. High-concentration of inhalation anesthetics in exhaled air of operating room personnel is detected. such secondhand exposure produces neurobiological sensitization to the reinforcing effects of inhalation anesthetics. PATIENT CONCERNS: An addictive young male anesthesiologist who was long-term abuse with sevoflurane after 4 years occupational exposure. A 28-year-old anesthesiologist on duty was found deeply sleep in the locker room and coved his nose with Gauze with high-concentration of sevoflurane...
September 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Reut Oren, Hod Orkibi, Cochavit Elefant, Maayan Salomon-Gimmon
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increase in arts-based programs in community rehabilitation services in many countries, little is known about how these programs are perceived by health professionals who can refer individuals with mental health conditions to community-based psychiatric rehabilitation services. This study examined how senior professionals with key positions in the public health system perceive the integration of the arts in community-based psychiatric rehabilitation services in Israel...
September 17, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
N Honkonen, J Liira, A Lamminpää, H Liira
Background: Work ability meetings (WAMs) are planned discussions between an employee, a manager and an occupational physician (OP) to support work ability and return to work (RTW). During the last decade, WAMs become a popular intervention in Finnish occupational healthcare, although research on their content is lacking. Aims: To describe the practice of WAMs in Finland. Methods: We sent an internet survey by e-mail to members of the Finnish Society of Occupational Health Physicians in August 2014...
September 6, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Katherina Heinrichs, Patricia Vu-Eickmann, Stefan Hummel, Jalal Gholami, Adrian Loerbroks
OBJECTIVES: Asthma can represent a substantial challenge to the affected individual, but is usually well controlled by adequate asthma self-management behaviour (SMB). Asthma SMB comprises symptom prevention, symptom monitoring, acute symptom management and communication with important others. The implementation of asthma SMB seems to depend on contextual factors. For employed adults, working conditions may be important in this respect. We, therefore, aimed to explore the perceived influences on effective asthma SMB at work...
August 29, 2018: BMJ Open
Batia S Marom, Navah Z Ratzon, Rafael S Carel, Moshe Sharabi
OBJECTIVE: To determine time of return to work (TRTW) in relation to multivariable predictors among male manual workers after hand injury (HI) over a 12-month follow-up. DESIGN: A cohort study with baseline medical information, functional evaluation, and three-, six-, nine-, and 12-month follow-up telephone interviews. SETTING: Seven physical rehabilitation community occupational therapy clinics. PARTICIPANTS: 178 subjects with acute HI aged 22 to 65...
August 18, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Sara Thomée, Kristina Jakobsson
BACKGROUND: It is well known that electrical accidents can cause physical injury. Less well known is that long-term consequences may include emotional and cognitive problems. OBJECTIVE: To explore electricians' experiences and perceptions of work-related electrical accidents, with focus on psychological short- and long-term consequences, including how contacts with health care services and the workplace were perceived. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 23 Swedish male electricians, aged 25- 68, who had experienced at least one electrical accident and reported residual sensory, musculoskeletal, cognitive or emotional symptoms...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Vahid Zamanzadeh, Leila Valizadeh, Azad Rahmani, Mohammad Zirak, Huget Desiron
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to explore Iranian cancer survivors' experiences of returning to work. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 20 cancer survivors at their workplace and in a referral cancer center. Data were analyzed using a conventional content analysis technique. RESULTS: Three main categories were identified as important in cancer survivors' experiences of returning to work: (1) individual perspectives, (2) nature of disease, and (3) access to support system...
October 2018: Psycho-oncology
Lena Strindlund, Madeleine Abrandt-Dahlgren, Christian Ståhl
PURPOSE: This study aims to increase our understanding of employers' views on the employability of people with disabilities. Despite employers' significant role in labor market inclusion for people with disabilities, research is scarce on how employers view employability for this group. METHODS: This was a qualitative empirical study with a phenomenographic approach using semi-structured interviews with 27 Swedish employers from a variety of settings and with varied experience of working with people with disabilities...
June 30, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Marianne Roos, Jean-Sébastien Roy
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of a rehabilitation program and its effect on the performance-related musculoskeletal symptoms and functional limitations of orchestral musicians. DESIGN: Single-blind pilot randomized controlled trial with exercise group and control group. SETTING: Workplace of professional symphony orchestra and tertiary-level conservatory orchestral musicians. PARTICIPANTS: Professional and student orchestral musicians with or without performance-related musculoskeletal disorders...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Giorgio Mattei, Valentina Sacchi, Salvatore Alfieri, Antonella Bisi, Niccolò Colombini, Silvia Ferrari, Giuseppe Giubbarelli, Fabriziomaria Gobba, Alberto Modenese, Luca Pingani, Marco Rigatelli, Marisa Rossetti, Giulia Venturi, Fabrizio Starace, Gian Maria Galeazzi
BACKGROUND: The triple-dip recession taking place in Italy in 2008-2014 impacted negatively on health, mainly by increasing the rate of unemployment. This increased the prevalence of mental health disorders, while reducing the number of available places on vocational rehabilitation programs (VRPs) delivered by the psychiatric services. OBJECTIVES: To explore the different points of views of stakeholders (namely, users and professionals) involved in VRPs developed inside an Italian Community Mental Health Center (CMHC)...
May 11, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Katharine Heathcote, Martin Wullschleger, Jing Sun
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize evidence of the effectiveness of socio-ecological resilience rehabilitation programs on returning to work (RTW), self-efficacy, and stress mitigation following traumatic physical injuries. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, Proquest, Cinahl, Web of Science, Clinical Trials Database, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched. Methodological quality was assessed using the PEDro tool. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized interventions aimed at promoting resilience...
June 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Emily Nalder, Laura Hartman, Anne Hunt, Gillian King
There is a growing trend in traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation, and research, to focus on the processes of adaptation following the injury. Resiliency is an umbrella term describing the range of personal protective factors, environmental supports and resources, as well as self-regulatory processes, engaged in response to adversity. An affective, cognitive, and behavioural self-regulatory process model of resiliency in the workplace was adapted to suit the TBI context. Through a narrative review of the literature pertaining to brain injury rehabilitation, participation, and resilience, we substantiated the model, and explained how resiliency can frame research on life experiences following the injury...
June 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Sarah Hean, Elisabeth Willumsen, Atle Ødegård
Purpose Effective collaboration between mental health services (MHS) and criminal justice services (CJS) impacts on mental illness and reduces reoffending rates. This paper proposes the change laboratory model (CLM) of workplace transformation as a potential tool to support interagency collaborative practice that has potential to complement current integration tools used in this context. The purpose of this paper is to focus specifically on the theoretical dimension of the model: the cultural historical activity systems theory (CHAT) as a theoretical perspective that offers a framework with which interactions between the MHS and CJS can be better understood...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Prisoner Health
Owen Howlett, Carol McKinstry, Natasha A Lannin
BACKGROUND/AIM: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) improves active movement of the hemiplegic upper and lower limbs following stroke. The use of FES by Australian allied health clinicians in stroke rehabilitation is, however, unknown. The purpose of this study was to understand the use of FES in clinical practice. Reasons for the use of FES and potential variables that influence decision-making were also investigated. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of Victorian allied health clinicians, using a snowball recruitment method...
August 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
David M Antle, Lauren Cormier, Megan Findlay, Linda L Miller, Julie N Côté
Sit-stand workstations are a popular workplace intervention. Organizations often require a medical professional's guidance for implementation. Therefore, it is important to understand potential negative outcomes associated with standing work, such as lower limb discomfort and peripheral vascular issues. The objective of this study was to compare changes in lower limb discomfort, blood pressure and blood flow accumulation during a light-load repetitive upper limb work task accomplished from seated and standing postures...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Susann Porter, Annika Lexén, Suzanne Johanson, Ulrika Bejerholm
BACKGROUND: Depression is among the major causes of disability with a negative impact on both daily life and work performance. Whilst depression is the primary cause of sick-leave and unemployment in today's workplace there is a lack of knowledge of the needs of individuals with depression regarding their return-to-work (RTW) process. OBJECTIVE: To explore which factors are of critical importance for people suffering from depression and who also are unemployed in their RTW-process and to explore the impact of two vocational approaches on the service users' experiences...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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