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Metatarsal adductus

Caitlin K Gribbin, Scott J Ellis, Joseph Nguyen, Emilie Williamson, Elizabeth A Cody
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus is frequently associated with additional forefoot pathologies, including hammertoes and midfoot osteoarthritis (OA). However, the pathogenesis of these concurrent pathologies remains to be elucidated. We sought to determine whether there is a relationship between demographic and radiographic parameters and the incidence of secondary pathologies in the setting of a bunion, with an emphasis on second tarsometatarsal (TMT) OA and hammertoes. METHODS: A total of 153 patients (172 feet) who underwent reconstruction for hallux valgus were divided into 3 groups: (1) bunion only (61 patients), (2) bunion with hammertoe without second TMT joint OA (78 patients), and (3) bunion with second TMT joint OA (14 patients)...
January 2017: Foot & Ankle International
Luis M Gordillo-Fernández, Mercedes Ortiz-Romero, Jose Luis S M Salcini Macías, José Valero-Salas, Julia Álvarez-Pérez, Álvaro Fernández-Garzón
Metatarsus adductus is a structural deformity that may be associated with hallux valgus and that may lead to metatarsal pain and functional abnormality of the foot. Correcting hallux valgus is complicated in these cases because of the deviation in adduction of the lesser metatarsals, especially the second metatarsal that occupies the first intermetatarsal space. We report the case of a 49-year-old man who underwent a scarf osteotomy in the first metatarsal, shortening and abductor oblique distal osteotomies of the lesser metatarsals, and arthrodesis of the central toes with Z-lengthening of the capsule and long extensor tendons of the toes...
July 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Kyle E Wamelink, John T Marcoux, Scott M Walrath
Before the report of English surgeon Robert Jones, who sustained a fracture to his fifth metatarsal while dancing around a tent pole, metatarsal fractures were thought to be the result of direct trauma to the foot. The mechanism of metatarsal fractures, in particular, those involving the fifth metatarsal, is now well understood. Patients with an adducted alignment of their forefoot can overload the fifth metatarsal base, putting them at an increased risk of fractures of this bone. Studies have reported that 2 distinct types of proximal diaphyseal or junctional fractures of the fifth metatarsal occur: the acute proximal diaphyseal or transverse proximal diaphyseal fracture and the proximal diaphyseal stress fracture...
July 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Martin O'Malley, Bridget DeSandis, Answorth Allen, Matthew Levitsky, Quinn O'Malley, Riley Williams
BACKGROUND: Proximal fractures of the fifth metatarsal (zone II and III) are common in the elite athlete and can be difficult to treat because of a tendency toward delayed union, nonunion, or refracture. The purpose of this case series was to report our experience in treating 10 NBA players, determine the healing rate, return to play, refracture rate, and role of foot type in these athletes. METHODS: The records of 10 professional basketball players were retrospectively reviewed...
May 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Amiethab Aiyer, Jeffery Shub, Raheel Shariff, Li Ying, Mark Myerson
BACKGROUND: Metatarsus adductus (MA) is a congenital condition that may lead to the development of hallux valgus (HV). The associated anatomic deformities may lead to recurrence of the HV in patients with MA. The goals of the study were to identify radiographic rates of recurrence of HV following surgery for HV in patients with MA. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2013, 587 patients who underwent HV surgery were retrospectively identified. The radiographic parameters recorded included the hallux valgus angle (HVA), the intermetatarsal angle (IMA), and the metatarsus adductus angle (MAA) obtained from initial radiographs and at final follow-up...
February 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Jacob Wynes, Bradley M Lamm, Bijan J Andrade, D Scot Malay
We used preoperative radiographic and intraoperative anatomic measurements to predict and achieve, respectively, the precise amount of capital fragment lateral translation required to restore anatomic balance to the first metatarsophalangeal joint. Correlation was used to relate the amount of capital fragment translation and operative reduction of the first intermetatarsal angle (IMA), hallux abductus angle (HAA), tibial sesamoid position (TSP), metatarsus adductus angle, and first metatarsal length. The mean capital fragment lateral translation was 5...
January 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Robert M Yoho, Vassilios Vardaxis, Jeffrey Dikis
PURPOSE: The fifth metatarsal Jones fracture is a unique injury. Previous studies have identified possible biomechanical risk factors related to this fracture, as well as potential subsequent effects on bone healing complications. The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the effect of metatarsus adductus (MAA) on bone healing in patients following intramedullary screw fixation of the Jones fracture. METHODS: This study reviewed 14 Jones fractures that underwent intramedullary screw fixation...
December 2015: Foot
Jyoti Sharma, Umur Aydogan
BACKGROUND: Radiographic angles, such as the intermetatarsal angle, hallux valgus angle, and distal metatarsal articular angle, are commonly used to help guide operative planning for soft tissue and osseous treatment options for hallux valgus. Hallux valgus treatment in the setting of associated metatarsus adductus is less common and not well described. The presence of metatarsus adductus reduces the gap between the first and second metatarsals. Consequently, it complicates the measurement of the first-second intermetatarsal angle and can limit the area available for transposition of the first metatarsal head...
December 2015: Foot & Ankle International
Lin Feng, Michael Sussman
BACKGROUND: Metatarsus adductus may occur in children after otherwise successful clubfoot treatment or may be an isolated deformity. There are various bony procedures currently in use for treatment of this problem. The purpose of this study was to review our experience with medial cuneiform opening-wedge osteotomy along with transmetatarsal osteotomy through the base of the second to fifth for treatment of the forefoot adductus in children. METHODS: From 1992 to 2008, we found 16 patients, 25 feet who underwent the procedure by a single surgeon (MDS) at the Shriners Hospitals for Children in Portland...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Li-Yi Roan, Yasuhito Tanaka, Akira Taniguchi, Kiyonori Tomiwa, Tsukasa Kumai, Yuh-Min Cheng
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus foot with laterally deviated lesser toes is a complex condition to treat. Ignoring the laterally deviated lesser toes in hallux valgus might result in unsatisfactory foot shape. Without lateral support of the lesser toes, it might increase the risk of recurrence of hallux valgus. We sought to identify associated radiographic findings in patients where lesser toes follow the great toe in hallux valgus and deviate laterally. METHODS: The weight-bearing, anteroposterior foot radiographs of 24 female hallux valgus feet with laterally deviated lesser toes (group L), 34 female hallux valgus feet with normal lesser toes (group H), and 43 normal female feet (group N) were selected for the study...
June 2015: Foot & Ankle International
David W Jenkins, Kimbal Cooper, Evelyn G Heigh
BACKGROUND: Persons with intellectual disabilities frequently have podiatric conditions. Limited information exists on their prevalence in international cohorts of Special Olympics (SO) athletes. Findings from multiple United States (US) venues are compared to those from athletes screened at the 2011 Special Olympics World Summer Games in Athens, Greece (ATHENS). METHODS: Data from Fit Feet screenings from 2096 ATHENS participants was compared to 7192 US participants...
March 2015: Foot
Amiethab A Aiyer, Raheel Shariff, Li Ying, Jeffrey Shub, Mark S Myerson
BACKGROUND: Metatarsus adductus (MA) is a congenital condition in which there is adduction of the metatarsals in conjunction with supination of the hindfoot through the subtalar joint. It is generally believed that MA precedes the development of hallux valgus. Historically, studies have demonstrated that patients with a history of MA were ~3.5 times more likely to develop hallux valgus. The purpose of this study was to identify the relative prevalence of MA in patients undergoing surgery for symptomatic hallux valgus...
December 2014: Foot & Ankle International
Akiyoshi Mabuchi, Hiroshi Kitoh, Masato Inoue, Mitsuhiko Hayashi, Naoki Ishiguro, Nobuharu Suzuki
Background. The sensomotor insole (SMI) has clinically been shown to be successful in treating an intoeing gait. We investigated the biomechanical effect of SMI on a pediatric intoeing gait by using three-dimensional gait analysis. Methods. Six patients with congenital clubfeet and four patients with idiopathic intoeing gait were included. There were five boys and five girls with the average age at testing of 5.6 years. The torsional profile of the lower limb was assessed clinically. Three-dimensional gait analysis was performed in the same shoes with and without SMI...
2012: ISRN Orthopedics
Li Chen, Chen Wang, Xu Wang, Jiazhang Huang, Chao Zhang, Yijun Zhang, Xin Ma
BACKGROUND: A causal link between the metatarsus adductus and hallux valgus is not clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the configurations of the metatarsus adductus deformity by radiological measurements and reappraise the relationship between hallux valgus and metatarsus adductus. METHODS: The first step was evaluation of the relationship between metatarsus adductus and hallux valgus on 143 dorsoplantar weight-bearing radiographs diagnosed as hallux valgus which was also known as bunions...
2014: Chinese Medical Journal
Kelly A Jeans, Kirsten Tulchin-Francis, Lindsay Crawford, Lori A Karol
BACKGROUND: Relapses following nonoperative treatment for clubfoot occur in 29% to 37% of feet after initial correction. One common gait abnormality is supination and inversion of the foot caused by an imbalance of the anterior tibialis tendon muscle. The purpose of this study was to determine if plantar pressures are normalized following an anterior tibialis tendon transfer (ATTT). METHODS: Thirty children (37 clubfeet) who underwent an ATTT, were seen for plantar pressure testing preoperatively and postoperatively...
July 2014: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Javier Ramos-Ortega, Gabriel Domínguez, José Manuel Castillo, Lourdes Fernández-Seguín, Pedro V Munuera
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to study the relationship of torsional and rotational parameters of the lower limb with a specific angular position of the cleat to establish whether these variables affect the adjustment of the cleat. DESIGN: Correlational study. SETTING: Motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-seven male cyclists of high performance. INTERVENTIONS: The variables studied of the cyclist's lower limb were hip rotation (internal and external), tibial torsion angle, Q angle, and forefoot adductus angle...
May 2014: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Jorge Knörr, Francisco Soldado, Thuy T Pham, Ana Torres, Jean P Cahuzac, Jérôme Sales de Gauzy
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous techniques for the correction of foot deformities are gaining popularity in the adult population, but remain poorly explored in children. Of the several surgical techniques described to treat persistent severe metatarsus adductus (MA) deformity in children, neither was percutaneous. The purpose of the study was to describe a percutaneous technique for MA correction in children, to report the outcomes, and to discuss the advantages it offers. METHODS: We designed a prospective study on 34 consecutive feet with MA deformity from 26 children undergoing percutaneous correction...
June 2014: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
David J Gutekunst, David R Sinacore
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND: Charcot neuroarthropathy is a progressive, noninfective, inflammatory destruction of bones and joints leading to foot deformities and plantar ulceration. Though individuals with Charcot neuroarthropathy typically have low areal bone mineral density, little is known regarding changes in volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), bone geometry, joint malalignment, and biomechanical loads preceding fracture. CASE DESCRIPTION: Two women, aged 45 and 54 years at the onset of an acute, nonfracture Charcot neuroarthropathy event, received regular physical therapy with wound care and total-contact casting...
October 2013: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Ki Won Young, Jin Su Kim, Ju Won Cho, Keun Woo Lee, Young Uk Park, Kyung Tai Lee
BACKGROUND: Several studies show that hallux valgus has a female preponderance and that approximately 50% of patients have an adolescent onset of deformity. However, little is known about male adolescent-onset hallux valgus. We evaluated the radiologic characteristics and the result of deformity correction in male adolescent-onset hallux valgus (MAHV). METHODS: We evaluated 31 feet with MAHV that received corrective osteotomies (16 scarf, 11 distal chevron, 4 proximal chevron, and 21 Akin)...
August 2013: Foot & Ankle International
Ki Won Young, Young Uk Park, Jin Su Kim, Hyuk Jegal, Kyung Tai Lee
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to determine whether unilateral hallux valgus progresses unilaterally and to evaluate the demographics, etiologies, and radiographic findings associated with symptomatic unilateral hallux valgus deformities. METHODS: Patients treated for hallux valgus between January 2004 and December 2008 were identified, and of these, 33 patients with unilateral deformities were enrolled. Progression of deformities in normal feet were evaluated at last follow-up visit, and the clinical information and radiographic measurements of those with a deformed normal foot or an unchanged normal foot were compared...
April 2013: Foot & Ankle International
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