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Klaus Pieper, Julia Winter, Monika Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, Jutta Margraf-Stiksrud
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test the relationship between a newly developed sugar index and caries experience in 4th- and 6th-graders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,019 fourth-graders and 925 sixth-graders from 2 regions in Northern Germany participated in the study. Caries experience was recorded by applying the ICDAS criteria. Tooth-brushing habits and other independent variables were examined psychometrically. Structured questions were formulated that were related to specific everyday eating situations, especially between main meals, which proved to be relevant for a higher caries risk...
August 8, 2018: Caries Research
Stefania Martignon, Margarita Usuga-Vacca, Fabián Cortés, Andrea Cortes, Luis Fernando Gamboa, Sofía Jacome-Lievano, Jaime Alberto Ruiz-Carrizosa, María Clara González-Carrera, Luis Fernando Restrepo-Perez, Nicolás Ramos
The aim of this study was to assess whether caries risk, nutritional status, access to dental care and socio-behavioral factors are associated to two caries experience outcome variables using the Epidemiologic International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDASepi), which includes initial enamel caries lesions: 1- The presence of ICDAS-epi caries experience (dmf-ICDASepi ≥ 1), and 2- Having an ICDAS-epi caries experience (dmft-ICDASepi) higher than national figures for the same age. The sample included 316 eight- to 71-month-old children from the municipality of Anapoima, Colombia...
June 2018: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Nor Azlida Mohd Nor, Barbara L Chadwick, Damian J J Farnell, Ivor Gordon Chestnutt
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis and caries among Malaysian children following the reduction in fluoride concentration from 0.7 to 0.5 parts per million (ppm) in the public water supply. METHODS: This study involved lifelong residents aged 9- and 12-year-olds in fluoridated and nonfluoridated areas in Malaysia (n = 1155). In the fluoridated area, children aged 12 years and 9 years were exposed to 0.7 and 0.5 ppm, respectively, at the times when maxillary central incisors developed...
July 18, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Anna Lena Sundell, Agneta Marcusson
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess orofacial profiles in 5- and 10-year-old children with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) compared to controls and to estimate a possible association between orofacial dysfunction and caries frequency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 133 children with CL/P (77 5-year-olds and 56 10-year-olds) and 308 controls (142 5-year-olds and 166 10-year-olds) were included in the study. Orofacial function was evaluated with Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S), and caries were scored according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS)...
July 16, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Maria Grazia Cagetti, Giuliana Bontà, Fabio Cocco, Peter Lingstrom, Laura Strohmenger, Guglielmo Campus
BACKGROUND: Assessing caries risk is an essential element in the planning of preventive and therapeutic strategies. Different caries risk assessment (CRA) models have been proposed for the identification of individuals running a risk of future caries. This systematic review was designed to evaluate whether standardized caries risk assessment (CRA) models are able to evaluate the risk according to the actual caries status and/or the future caries increment. METHODS: Randomized clinical trials, cross-sectional studies, cohort studies, comparative studies, validation studies and evaluation studies, reporting caries risk assessment using standardized models (Cariogram, CAMBRA, PreViser, NUS-CRA and CAT) in patients of any age related to caries data recorded by DMFT/S or ICDAS indices, were included...
July 16, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Raquel Nogueira de Carvalho, Aline Dos Santos Letieri, Thiago Isidro Vieira, Thais Maria Pires Dos Santos, Ricardo Tadeu Lopes, Aline de Almeida Neves, Luciana Pomarico
The aim of this study was to check the in vitro accuracy of ICDAS criteria on digital images compared to visual examination for the diagnosis of occlusal caries against a micro-CT gold standard. ICDAS was scored in 40 extracted permanent molars by means of visual inspection and stereomicroscopic images. Visual examinations were performed in duplicate and at a one-week interval by three different calibrated examiners. The analysis of digital images by ICDAS criteria was also performed in duplicate, 1 month after visual examinations...
July 10, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
N Abogazalah, G J Eckert, Masatoshi Ando
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to evaluate a visible-light-transillumination (using Digital Imaging Fiber-Optic Transillumination machine: DIFOTI) method using occlusal view (DIFOTI-occl), axial view (buccal and lingual: DIFOTI-axial), and combination of all views (DIFOTI-all) for detecting non-cavitated approximal caries and to compare its performance to visual examination (International Caries Detection and Assessment System: ICDAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty extracted human premolars were selected (sound to lesions into the outer one-third of the dentine) based on micro-computed tomography (μ-CT)...
July 10, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Ana Luiza Sarno Castro, Maria Isabel Pereira Vianna, Carlos Maurício Cardeal Mendes
BACKGROUND: Although dental caries is a globally widespread disease, there is no consensus regarding the method that should be used for their detection. In recent decades, a variety of new methods have been proposed for measuring caries in a population. Three caries detection methods, the decayed, missing and filled (DMF) index, the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) and the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST), were compared to provide information to guide future method choices...
July 6, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Luana Alves de Souza, Viviane Cancio, Mônica Almeida Tostes
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of approximal lesions is limited due to the difficulty of direct examination of these areas. AIM: To determine the accuracy of pen-type laser fluorescence (LFpen) device, compared to digital bitewing (BW) radiography, in diagnosing approximal carious lesions in posterior primary teeth at cavitation and non-cavitation thresholds. DESIGN: A total of 46 children (aged 3-9 years) were assessed and 195 approximal surfaces of 184 primary molars were examined by digital BW and LFpen...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Érick Tássio Barbosa Neves, Matheus França Perazzo, Saul Martins Paiva, Fernanda Morais Ferreira, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Dental caries have a high prevalence in children and need to evaluate their individual and contextual determinants. AIM: To evaluate the importance of individual and contextual determinants on the occurrence of cavitated lesions in 5-year-old children. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 769 preschoolers in a city in northeastern Brazil. Parents/caregivers answered questionnaires addressing psychological aspects, socio-demographic characteristics and the child's oral health...
June 28, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Yuichi Kitasako, Alireza Sadr, Yasushi Shimada, Masaomi Ikeda, Yasunori Sumi, Junji Tagami
OBJECTIVES: To assess the remineralization capacity of carious, non-carious, and combined white spot lesions (WSLs) using the ICDAS and SS-OCT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial was based on a quasi-experimental design. Forty-two healthy subjects (median age 26.6 years), who visited university hospital and had at least one WSL with an ICDAS score of 2 or 1, were recruited. The subjects chewed a non-blind sugar-free gum containing bioavailable calcium and fluoride for 3 months...
June 8, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Julie Gallagher, Paul Ashley, Aviva Petrie, Ian Needleman
OBJECTIVES: To measure dental caries, erosive tooth wear (ETW), periodontal health, self-reported oral health problems and performance impacts in a representative sample of UK elite athletes from different sports using standardized conditions clearly defined clinical indices and a measure of impact on performance with evidence of validity in sport. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, with single, calibrated examiner, conducted in the local facilities of elite and professional UK athletes (UCL ethics number 6388/001)...
June 25, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Ana Coelho, Anabela Paula, Marta Mota, Mafalda Laranjo, Margarida Abrantes, Francisco Carrilho, Manuel Ferreira, Mário Silva, Filomena Botelho, Eunice Carrilho
OBJECTIVES: Since most of the studies evaluates diabetics on multiple daily injections therapy and continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion may help gain better metabolic control and prevent complications, the objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of dental caries, the unstimulated salivary flow rate and the total bacteria load, Streptococcus spp. levels and Lactobacillus spp. levels in saliva and supragingival dental biofilm of type 1 diabetics on insulin pump. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients with type 1 diabetes on insulin pump and 60 nondiabetic individuals were included...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
K Gambetta-Tessini, R Mariño, A Ghanim, H Calache, D J Manton
BACKGROUND: Developmental hypomineralized lesions of enamel (DHL) may represent a significant caries-risk factor. The aim of this study was to determine the association between carious lesion severity and DHL in 6- to 12-year-old schoolchildren from Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: The sample was derived from randomly selected schools in inner Melbourne. A full dental examination was performed at the school. Socio-demographic data, caries experience (DMFT/dmft/ICDAS II) and the consequences of untreated carious lesions (PUFA/pufa) were measured...
June 7, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
Kulvinder Singh Banga, Sweta Rastogi, Siddhi Mistry
Background: Witnessing the alarming rise and pattern of distribution of dental caries worldwide, the need of the hour is to take initiative in preventing the spread further. Aim: This survey was conducted to determine the occurrence of dental caries and its associated risk factors in teenagers of Mumbai city who visited Nair Hospital Dental College. Materials and Methods: The objective of the study was to analyze the current dietary habits, oral hygiene status, and the number of sugar exposures in teenagers by a questionnaire followed by clinical examination which was carried out using International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) II to detect the profile of dental caries...
April 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Amnah A Algarni, Peter S Ungar, Frank Lippert, E Angeles Martínez-Mier, George J Eckert, Carlos González-Cabezas, Anderson T Hara
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective in-vitro study investigated tooth age effect on dental hard-tissue conditions. METHODS: Unidentified extracted premolars (n = 1500) were collected and their individual age was estimated (10-100 (±10) years old (yo)) using established dental forensic methods Dental caries, fluorosis and tooth wear (TW) were assessed using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS; 0-5 for crown and 0-2 for root), Thylstrup-Fejerskov (TFI; 0-9) and Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE; 0-3) indices, respectively...
July 2018: Journal of Dentistry
C Y Díaz Rosas, E Cárdenas Vargas, J E Castañeda-Delgado, L A Aguilera-Galaviz, M C Aceves Medina
AIM: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that has manifestations other than alterations in endocrine regulation or in metabolic pathways. Several diseases of the oral cavity have been associated with diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2 in young people according to their evolution. Scarce information exists regarding the role of diabetes and its association with the oral health status in paediatric diabetic patients. The aims of the study were to assess the quality of saliva, saliva acidogenicity, dental caries experience, fluorosis and periodontal status in diabetic patients and to evaluate their relationship with metabolic control variables and nutritional plan adherence...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
H Askar, F Schwendicke, J Lausch, H Meyer-Lueckel, S Paris
OBJECTIVE: Infiltrant resin (IR) is currently indicated for non-cavitated caries lesions. However, modifying the technique might expand its indication spectrum to micro-cavitated lesions. The present study aimed to evaluate the penetration/filling ability of a newly developed micro-filled infiltrant resin (MFIR) in non-, micro- and cavitated natural caries lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Proximal lesions in 120 extracted human teeth with ICDAS-2 (n = 30), 3 (n = 45) and 5 (n = 45) lesions were etched with 15% hydrochloric acid gel for 2 min and allocated to one of the following treatments; IR: lesions (ICDAS-2, 3 and 5; each n = 15) were treated with commercial infiltrant resin for 3 min...
July 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Judy Villavicencio, Lina Maria Villegas, Maria Cristina Arango, Susana Arias, Francia Triana
Probiotics have provided benefits to general health, but they are still insufficient to dental health. This study aimed to evaluate milk supplemented with probiotic bacteria and standard milk, measured by levels of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and Lactobacillus spp., in 3-4-year-old children after 9 months of intervention. The study was a triple-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial. The sample was composed of 363 preschoolers attending five child development centers in Cali, Colombia. They were randomized to two groups: children in the intervention group drank 200 mL of milk with Lactobacillus rhamnosus 5x106 and Bifidobacteruim longum 3x106, and children in the control group drank 200 mL of standard milk...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
A Solis-Riggioni, C Gallardo-Barquero, D Chavarria-Bolaños
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries among institutionalized children and adolescents in San José, Costa Rica. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional descriptive study included 201 children and adolescents between the ages of 2 and 17 years. Participants were selected by following pre-established criteria from 33 shelters located in the province of San José, Costa Rica. The International Caries Detection Assessment System (ICDAS) method was used for caries assessment...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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