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Luana S Alves, Renata S de Oliveira, Ângela Dalla Nora, Luiz Fernando Cuozzo Lemos, Jonas A Rodrigues, Júlio Eduardo A Zenkner
The aim of this study was to assess the performance of dental students for detecting in vitro occlusal carious lesions using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) with different learning strategies. A convenience sample of all 64 fourth-year dental students at a dental school in Brazil who had no previous experience with ICDAS was selected for the study in 2015. First, students performed the in vitro examination of the occlusal surfaces of 80 teeth according to ICDAS. Two weeks later, students were randomly allocated to three groups: G1 (n=21), ICDAS e-learning; G2 (n=22), ICDAS e-learning + digital learning tool (DLT); G3 (n=21), no training (control group)...
October 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Beatriz Gonçalves Neves, Rafael Nóbrega Stipp, Daniela da Silva Bezerra, Sarah Florindo de Figueiredo Guedes, Lidiany Karla Azevedo Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: Monitoring selected key species related to health or disease may facilitate caries risk assessment and discovery of novel ecological preventive and therapeutic approaches. This study aimed at quantifying Actinomyces naeslundii, Bifidobacterium spp., Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei group, Streptococcus gordonii, Mitis group and Streptococcus mutans by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) in dental biofilm from Brazilian children with different stages of early childhood caries (ECC)...
September 15, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Izabella Barbosa Fernandes, PatrIcia Reis-Sá, Rafaela Lopes Gomes, Luciane Rezende Costa, Joana Ramos-Jorge, Maria LetIcia Ramos-Jorge
Background: Dental pain is one of the most common symptoms of untreated oral problems and exerts a strong impact on the well-being of children. Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the associated factors with dental pain in children aged 1-3 years using the Brazilian version of the Dental Discomfort Questionnaire (DDQ-B). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of Diamantina, Brazil. A total of 318 randomly selected children were submitted to an oral clinical examination for the evaluation of tooth injuries and dental caries (International Caries Detection and Assessment System, [ICDAS])...
July 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Tamara Abrams, Stephen Abrams, Koneswaran Sivagurunathan, Veronika Moravan, Warren Hellen, Gary Elman, Bennett Amaechi, Andreas Mandelis
The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of visual examination (International Caries Detection and Assessment System-ICDAS II), light-emitting diodes (LED) fluorescence (SPECTRA), laser fluorescence (DIAGNODent, DD), photothermal radiometry and modulated luminescence (PTR-LUM, The Canary System, CS) to detect natural decay beneath resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGIC) and compomer restorations in vitro. Twenty-seven extracted human molars and premolars, consisting of 2 control teeth, 10 visually healthy/sound and 15 teeth with natural cavitated lesions, were selected...
September 16, 2018: Dentistry journal
Eduardo K Kohara, Camilla G Abdala, Tatiane F Novaes, Mariana M Braga, Ana E Haddad, Fausto M Mendes
The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of two different models of smartphone and a conventional camera with that of direct clinical examination in detecting caries lesions at different stages of progression in deciduous molars. The photographic equipment consisted of two smartphones (iPhone and Nexus 4) and a conventional macro camera setup. First, in the laboratory phase of the study, we compared the images of 20 exfoliated primary teeth having caries lesions at different stages. Then, in the clinical phase of the study, the images of 119 primary molars from fifteen children (3 to 6 years old) were used...
2018: PloS One
Mai E Khalaf, Muawia Qudeimat, Qasem D Alomari, Yacoub Al-Tarakmeh, Eino Honkala
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the impact of using magnifying loupes on interexaminer agreement in the detection of noncavitated occlusal carious lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 155 permanent molars with no frank cavitation were selected for the study. Five examiners with different specialties and experience each examined the occlusal surfaces twice using International Caries Assessment and Detection System (ICDAS) criteria. The first examination used no magnification...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Elif Ballikaya, Bahar Guciz Dogan, Ovsen Onay, Meryem Uzamis Tekcicek
OBJECTIVES: Mouth breathing is an important health problem, commonly encountered in children. In children, adeno-tonsillar hypertrophy is the main reason causing partial or complete upper airway obstruction and reduction in airflow. This study aimed to determine the oral health status of children aged 3-15 years, with mouth breathing who were due to have surgery for adeno-tonsillar hypertrophy and referred to the Department of Otorhinolaryngology at Children's Hospital of a University in Ankara, Turkey between January-July 2015...
October 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Klaus Pieper, Julia Winter, Monika Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, Jutta Margraf-Stiksrud
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test the relationship between a newly developed sugar index and caries experience in 4th- and 6th-graders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,019 fourth-graders and 925 sixth-graders from 2 regions in Northern Germany participated in the study. Caries experience was recorded by applying the ICDAS criteria. Tooth-brushing habits and other independent variables were examined psychometrically. Structured questions were formulated that were related to specific everyday eating situations, especially between main meals, which proved to be relevant for a higher caries risk...
August 8, 2018: Caries Research
Stefania Martignon, Margarita Usuga-Vacca, Fabián Cortés, Andrea Cortes, Luis Fernando Gamboa, Sofía Jacome-Lievano, Jaime Alberto Ruiz-Carrizosa, María Clara González-Carrera, Luis Fernando Restrepo-Perez, Nicolás Ramos
The aim of this study was to assess whether caries risk, nutritional status, access to dental care and socio-behavioral factors are associated to two caries experience outcome variables using the Epidemiologic International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDASepi), which includes initial enamel caries lesions: 1- The presence of ICDAS-epi caries experience (dmf-ICDASepi ≥ 1), and 2- Having an ICDAS-epi caries experience (dmft-ICDASepi) higher than national figures for the same age. The sample included 316 eight- to 71-month-old children from the municipality of Anapoima, Colombia...
June 2018: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Nor Azlida Mohd Nor, Barbara L Chadwick, Damian J J Farnell, Ivor Gordon Chestnutt
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis and caries among Malaysian children following the reduction in fluoride concentration from 0.7 to 0.5 parts per million (ppm) in the public water supply. METHODS: This study involved lifelong residents aged 9- and 12-year-olds in fluoridated and nonfluoridated areas in Malaysia (n = 1155). In the fluoridated area, children aged 12 years and 9 years were exposed to 0.7 and 0.5 ppm, respectively, at the times when maxillary central incisors developed...
July 18, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Anna Lena Sundell, Agneta Marcusson
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess orofacial profiles in 5- and 10-year-old children with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) compared to controls and to estimate a possible association between orofacial dysfunction and caries frequency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 133 children with CL/P (77 5-year-olds and 56 10-year-olds) and 308 controls (142 5-year-olds and 166 10-year-olds) were included in the study. Orofacial function was evaluated with Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S), and caries were scored according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS)...
July 16, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Maria Grazia Cagetti, Giuliana Bontà, Fabio Cocco, Peter Lingstrom, Laura Strohmenger, Guglielmo Campus
BACKGROUND: Assessing caries risk is an essential element in the planning of preventive and therapeutic strategies. Different caries risk assessment (CRA) models have been proposed for the identification of individuals running a risk of future caries. This systematic review was designed to evaluate whether standardized caries risk assessment (CRA) models are able to evaluate the risk according to the actual caries status and/or the future caries increment. METHODS: Randomized clinical trials, cross-sectional studies, cohort studies, comparative studies, validation studies and evaluation studies, reporting caries risk assessment using standardized models (Cariogram, CAMBRA, PreViser, NUS-CRA and CAT) in patients of any age related to caries data recorded by DMFT/S or ICDAS indices, were included...
July 16, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Raquel Nogueira de Carvalho, Aline Dos Santos Letieri, Thiago Isidro Vieira, Thais Maria Pires Dos Santos, Ricardo Tadeu Lopes, Aline de Almeida Neves, Luciana Pomarico
The aim of this study was to check the in vitro accuracy of ICDAS criteria on digital images compared to visual examination for the diagnosis of occlusal caries against a micro-CT gold standard. ICDAS was scored in 40 extracted permanent molars by means of visual inspection and stereomicroscopic images. Visual examinations were performed in duplicate and at a one-week interval by three different calibrated examiners. The analysis of digital images by ICDAS criteria was also performed in duplicate, 1 month after visual examinations...
July 10, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
N Abogazalah, G J Eckert, Masatoshi Ando
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to evaluate a visible-light-transillumination (using Digital Imaging Fiber-Optic Transillumination machine: DIFOTI) method using occlusal view (DIFOTI-occl), axial view (buccal and lingual: DIFOTI-axial), and combination of all views (DIFOTI-all) for detecting non-cavitated approximal caries and to compare its performance to visual examination (International Caries Detection and Assessment System: ICDAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty extracted human premolars were selected (sound to lesions into the outer one-third of the dentine) based on micro-computed tomography (μ-CT)...
July 10, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Ana Luiza Sarno Castro, Maria Isabel Pereira Vianna, Carlos Maurício Cardeal Mendes
BACKGROUND: Although dental caries is a globally widespread disease, there is no consensus regarding the method that should be used for their detection. In recent decades, a variety of new methods have been proposed for measuring caries in a population. Three caries detection methods, the decayed, missing and filled (DMF) index, the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) and the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST), were compared to provide information to guide future method choices...
July 6, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Luana Alves de Souza, Viviane Cancio, Mônica Almeida Tostes
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of approximal lesions is limited due to the difficulty of direct examination of these areas. AIM: To determine the accuracy of pen-type laser fluorescence (LFpen) device, compared to digital bitewing (BW) radiography, in diagnosing approximal carious lesions in posterior primary teeth at cavitation and non-cavitation thresholds. DESIGN: A total of 46 children (aged 3-9 years) were assessed and 195 approximal surfaces of 184 primary molars were examined by digital BW and LFpen...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Érick Tássio Barbosa Neves, Matheus França Perazzo, Saul Martins Paiva, Fernanda Morais Ferreira, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Dental caries have a high prevalence in children and need to evaluate their individual and contextual determinants. AIM: To evaluate the importance of individual and contextual determinants on the occurrence of cavitated lesions in 5-year-old children. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 769 preschoolers in a city in northeastern Brazil. Parents/caregivers answered questionnaires addressing psychological aspects, socio-demographic characteristics and the child's oral health...
June 28, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Yuichi Kitasako, Alireza Sadr, Yasushi Shimada, Masaomi Ikeda, Yasunori Sumi, Junji Tagami
OBJECTIVES: To assess the remineralization capacity of carious, non-carious, and combined white spot lesions (WSLs) using the ICDAS and SS-OCT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial was based on a quasi-experimental design. Forty-two healthy subjects (median age 26.6 years), who visited university hospital and had at least one WSL with an ICDAS score of 2 or 1, were recruited. The subjects chewed a non-blind sugar-free gum containing bioavailable calcium and fluoride for 3 months...
June 8, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Julie Gallagher, Paul Ashley, Aviva Petrie, Ian Needleman
OBJECTIVES: To measure dental caries, erosive tooth wear (ETW), periodontal health, self-reported oral health problems and performance impacts in a representative sample of UK elite athletes from different sports using standardized conditions clearly defined clinical indices and a measure of impact on performance with evidence of validity in sport. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, with single, calibrated examiner, conducted in the local facilities of elite and professional UK athletes (UCL ethics number 6388/001)...
June 25, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Ana Coelho, Anabela Paula, Marta Mota, Mafalda Laranjo, Margarida Abrantes, Francisco Carrilho, Manuel Ferreira, Mário Silva, Filomena Botelho, Eunice Carrilho
OBJECTIVES: Since most of the studies evaluates diabetics on multiple daily injections therapy and continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion may help gain better metabolic control and prevent complications, the objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of dental caries, the unstimulated salivary flow rate and the total bacteria load, Streptococcus spp. levels and Lactobacillus spp. levels in saliva and supragingival dental biofilm of type 1 diabetics on insulin pump. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients with type 1 diabetes on insulin pump and 60 nondiabetic individuals were included...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
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