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E Achilleos, C Rahiotis, K Kavvadia, G Vougiouklakis
The aim of this study was to investigate the management of incipient caries lesions in adults with two preventive protocols. A total of 44 adult patients with high, moderate and low caries risk with 516 incipient caries took part in the study. These patients were assessed for caries with International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) criteria and were then divided into three groups depending on their caries risk profile: a high-risk group (group A), a moderate-risk group (group B), and a low-risk group (group C)...
December 5, 2018: Operative Dentistry
E D Berdouses, C J Oulis, M Michalaki, E E Tripoliti, D I Fotiadis
AIM: To compare the diagnostic performance of the automated caries detection system (ACDS) for the detection and diagnosis of occlusal caries with the histological appearance of the lesions. METHODS: Eighteen posterior permanent teeth were used, out of which 40 sections were made and 53 areas were evaluated. Teeth with hypoplastic and/or hypomineralised areas or sealants on the occlusal surfaces were excluded from the study. The teeth that were used for this study were a subgroup of the teeth used in the study that introduced ACDS system...
November 28, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Stefania Martignon, Andrea Cortes, Soledad Isabel Gómez, Gina Alejandra Castiblanco, Ximena Baquero, Ana María Franco-Triviño, Juliana Carolina Palacio-Benavides, Luis Fernando Gamboa, Rita S Villena
A caries-epidemiological study using the ICDASepi-merged system was conducted in Colombian young children. This study aimed at associating the time needed for the clinical examination of caries and caries risk in 1 to 5-year-old children according to age and caries risk, and to assess behavior and child pain self-perception during examination according to age. After IRB approval and given parents/caregivers' informed consent, seven trained examiners assessed 1 to 5-year olds in kindergartens under local field conditions...
July 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Cansu Ozsin Ozler, Meryem Uzamis Tekcicek, Pinar Ozdemir, Bahar Guciz Dogan
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical consequences of untreated dental caries among preschool children by using the pufa index (visible pulp, ulceration of the oral mucosa due to root fragments, a fistula or an abscess) and the incorporation of some risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected via structured, pre-tested questionnaires from 729 parents in Turkey's capital, Ankara. Examinations were performed under field conditions by one examiner. The decayed teeth were scored according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) II criteria...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
C Frese, T Wohlrab, L Sheng, M Kieser, J Krisam, F Frese, D Wolff
The aims of this four-year randomized controlled clinical trial were to gain insights into management and prevention of dental caries and the effect of stannous fluoride products in athletes. Fifty-four participants were randomized into test and control groups. The test group used special stannous fluoride products. The primary endpoint dental caries was assessed by the ICDAS-II-System and analyzed both by a linear mixed model for repeated measures and a generalized linear mixed model. During the observation period an increase in caries-free surfaces from 64...
November 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Andrea Cortes, Kim Rud Ekstrand, Stefania Martignon
AIM: To describe the two-year clinical and combined with radiographic caries progression pattern in three cohorts of 2-(a), 4-(b), and 6-yr-old children (c). DESIGN: Baseline sample comprised 600 children (each-cohort: n=200). Children's dental surfaces were clinically assessed at schools without air-drying (epi) in terms of: Clinical (C) caries lesions (d/D) with ICDASepi-merged system (C-ICDASepi-d/D:Sound/Initial-epi/Moderate/Extensive); fillings (f/F), and missing teeth (m/M)...
November 15, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
P Sun, W Chen, X Yi, P P Gao, D M Yang
Objective: To investigate and compare the sensitivities of early childhood caries detection by using international caries detection and assessment system (ICDAS)-Ⅱ and WHO criteria. Methods: A total of 449 3-year-old children from four day care kindergartens in Beijing were enrolled in this study. Both ICDAS-Ⅱ and WHO criteria were used to assess the prevalence of caries in the given subjects. The decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft) index scores were calculated. In ICDAS-Ⅱ system, four cut-off points (D1, D2, D3 and D4) were employed to differentiate sound and decayed teeth: D1 (score 0 as sound, scores 1-6 as caries); D2 (0-1 sound, 2-6 caries); D3 (0-2 sound, 3-6 caries) and D4 (0-3 sound, 4-6 caries)...
November 9, 2018: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Z Z Ciftci, S Hanimeli, H Karayilmaz, O E Gungor
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in opacities by applying resin infiltrate to developmental enamel opacities and applying resin infiltrate or fluoride varnish to white spot lesions (WSLs). Materials and Methods: A total of 132 teeth with WSLs and developmental enamel opacities were included in the study. WSLs were treated with resin infiltrate (Group 1) and fluoride varnish (Group 2), and developmental enamel opacities were treated with only resin infiltrate (Group 3)...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Diana Mortensen, Sotiria Gizani, Olina Salamara, Iosif Sifakakis, Svante Twetman
Objective: To investigate if the alternating current impedance spectroscopy (ACIS) technology could be used to monitor remineralization of post-orthodontic white spot lesions (WSLs) after debonding of fixed orthodontic appliances. Material and methods: The study group consisted of 28 adolescents (aged 12-16 years) with at least two WSLs on their maxillary incisors, canines, or first premolars at debonding. Buccal surfaces (n = 194) were visually examined and scored with modified International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) criteria and with the CarieScan Pro device by three examiners according to manufactures manual (test method)...
November 8, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
Clara Gómez, Rosa Abellán, Juan Carlos Palma
INTRODUCTION: The complex designs of fixed orthodontic appliances hinder proper access for cleaning, favouring the development of gingival inflammation and white spot lesions around brackets. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness to avoid these undesirable effects by using two prophylactic methods: Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) and conventional ultrasonic scaler (US), in patients during fixed orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients under orthodontic treatment for at least 15 months were randomly divided into two groups: PDT mediated by methylene blue (MB) and US...
November 3, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Sneha Vaswani, Divya S Sharma, Shikha Mishra, Sanjay Sharma
AIM: This in vitro study aimed to histologically validate and compare the methods for detection of smooth surface early carious lesions (ECLs) that is, International caries detection and assessment system for the smooth surface (ICDAS-II-SSC), Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT), and radiography. METHODOLOGY: PS-OCT images for scores 0-3 of ICDAS-II-SSC were standardized according to ECLs' depth. Preliminary PS-OCT images for ICDAS-II-SSC score-2 of pigmented ECLs showed reduced lesion depth and therefore were dichotomized into scores 2 and 2p for white and pigmented lesions (ICDAS-II-SSCm)...
November 1, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Marwa Abdelaziz, Adele Lodi-Rizzini, Tissiana Bortolotto, Franklin Garcia-Godoy, Albert Joseph Feilzer, Ivo Krejci
PURPOSE: To compare a new technique of non-invasive proximal adhesive restoration (NIPAR) to the infiltration concept technique (ICON). METHODS: Extracted human posterior teeth with non-cavitated proximal carious lesions (ICDAS code 1-2) were cut vertically to obtain two symmetrical lesions. Group 1 (NIPAR):Half of the paired lesions surfaces (n=13) were abraded with metallic strips and etched with 37% H3PO4 for 120 seconds. Group 2 (ICON):The other half of the paired lesions' surfaces (n=13) were etched with 15% HCl gel for 120 seconds...
October 2018: American Journal of Dentistry
Marwa Abdelaziz, Adele Lodi-Rizzini, Tissiana Bortolotto, Franklin Garcia-Godoy, Albert Joseph Feilzer, Ivo Krejci
PURPOSE: To investigate the infiltration potential of different self-etch adhesives into natural non-cavitated proximal lesions and the effect of dehydration protocol on the infiltration of a self-etch adhesive. METHODS: 29 extracted molars and premolars with natural proximal lesions (ICDAS 1-2) were sectioned through the lesion providing two samples from each lesion. To compare the different adhesives, three groups of eight lesions were abraded with fine metallic strips and then etched with 37% H3PO4 acid for 120 seconds...
October 2018: American Journal of Dentistry
W J Yan, J J Zheng, X X Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effect of fluoride releasing flowable resin used in treatment of early enamel caries of children compared with conventional sealant. METHODS: Seventy-six patients, including fifty-two couples of permanent first molars and thirty couples of premolars were selected for this trial. Both sides of all the molars and premolars were diagnosed as early enamel caries based on International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) dental caries diagnostic criteria...
October 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Mohamed ElSalhy, Ussama Ali, Hollis Lai, Carlos Flores-Mir, Maryam Amin
OBJECTIVE: To explore how caries was reported in studies that employed the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS). METHODS: A systematic database search up to August 2017 was carried out using PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, Cochrane library and ISI Web of Science electronic databases. Only studies that used the ICDAS for dental caries examinations were included. Studies were excluded if the examination was done only for the validation or the calibration of the ICDAS and/or if the examination was not done for the whole dentition...
October 18, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
S Ntaoutidou, A Arhakis, K Tolidis, N Kotsanos
AIMS: To clinically evaluate the retention rates and caries-prevention effect of a resin-based, non-etch and rinse, self-etch primed pit and fissure sealant containing Sealant Pre-reacted Glass Ionomer Cement (S-PRG) fillers, in comparison to a conventional resin-based sealant over an 18-month period. METHODS: There were 81 children, aged 6-12 years old, who were randomly assigned to one of two sealant-groups, either the self-etch primed sealant (Beautisealant, Shofu) or the conventional etch and rinse sealant (Seal it, Spident)...
December 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Arghavan Tonkaboni, Aida Saffarpour, Ferial Aghapourzangeneh, Mohammad Javad Kharazi Fard
This study aimed to compare the diagnostic efficacy of VistaCam iX intraoral camera system using infrared light and bitewing radiography for detection of proximal caries in permanent teeth. This in vitro study was performed on 108 teeth. The proximal surfaces of the teeth were examined for caries using ICDAS II criteria, bitewing radiography, and the Proxi head of VistaCam iX. The teeth were then sectioned and histologically analyzed (gold standard). Data were analyzed using SPSS version 25 via the correlation test at P < 0...
October 15, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Luana S Alves, Renata S de Oliveira, Ângela Dalla Nora, Luiz Fernando Cuozzo Lemos, Jonas A Rodrigues, Júlio Eduardo A Zenkner
The aim of this study was to assess the performance of dental students for detecting in vitro occlusal carious lesions using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) with different learning strategies. A convenience sample of all 64 fourth-year dental students at a dental school in Brazil who had no previous experience with ICDAS was selected for the study in 2015. First, students performed the in vitro examination of the occlusal surfaces of 80 teeth according to ICDAS. Two weeks later, students were randomly allocated to three groups: G1 (n=21), ICDAS e-learning; G2 (n=22), ICDAS e-learning + digital learning tool (DLT); G3 (n=21), no training (control group)...
October 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Beatriz Gonçalves Neves, Rafael Nóbrega Stipp, Daniela da Silva Bezerra, Sarah Florindo de Figueiredo Guedes, Lidiany Karla Azevedo Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: Monitoring selected key species related to health or disease may facilitate caries risk assessment and discovery of novel ecological preventive and therapeutic approaches. This study aimed at quantifying Actinomyces naeslundii, Bifidobacterium spp., Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei group, Streptococcus gordonii, Mitis group and Streptococcus mutans by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) in dental biofilm from Brazilian children with different stages of early childhood caries (ECC)...
December 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Izabella Barbosa Fernandes, PatrIcia Reis-Sá, Rafaela Lopes Gomes, Luciane Rezende Costa, Joana Ramos-Jorge, Maria LetIcia Ramos-Jorge
Background: Dental pain is one of the most common symptoms of untreated oral problems and exerts a strong impact on the well-being of children. Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the associated factors with dental pain in children aged 1-3 years using the Brazilian version of the Dental Discomfort Questionnaire (DDQ-B). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of Diamantina, Brazil. A total of 318 randomly selected children were submitted to an oral clinical examination for the evaluation of tooth injuries and dental caries (International Caries Detection and Assessment System, [ICDAS])...
July 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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