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Sora Yasri, Viroj Wiwanitkit
We read the article on "'I can't do this alone': a study on foreign domestic workers providing long-term care for frail seniors at home" with a great interest (Tam et al., 2017). Tam et al. (2017) noted that "[i]mproving FDWs' access to training courses in eldercare, providing them with more emotional support, engaging employers to create healthy caregiving spaces at home, and improving access to senior care services can be helpful." This finding is very interesting. In fact, FDW service is common in several countries and approved for usefulness (Østbye et al...
July 23, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Michal Schäfer, Neil Wilson, D Dunbar Ivy, Richard Ing, Steven Abman, Lorna P Browne, Gareth Morgan, Michael Ross, Daniel McLennan, Alex J Barker, Brian Fonseca, Michael Di Maria, Kendall S Hunter, Uyen Truong
The purpose of the present study was to characterize pulmonary vascular stiffness using wave intensity analysis (WIA) in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), compare the WIA indexes with catheterization- and MRI-derived hemodynamics, and assess the prognostic ability of WIA-derived biomarkers to predict the functional worsening. WIA was performed in children with PAH ( n = 40) and healthy control subjects ( n = 15) from phase-contrast MRI-derived flow and area waveforms in the main pulmonary artery (MPA)...
October 1, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Ngoc Huong Lien Ha, Mei Sian Chong, Robin Wai Munn Choo, Wai Jia Tam, Philip Lin Kiat Yap
ABSTRACTBackground:Although foreign domestic workers (FDWs) play a significant role in caring for frail seniors in Singapore and are vulnerable to caregiving burden, there has been little research conducted hitherto. We explored caregiver burden and its determinants in this study. METHODS: FDWs (N = 221, Mage = 32.3, SD = 6.23) recruited from a hospital geriatric unit completed the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) administered in English, Bahasa Melayu, or Burmese. Univariate and multivariate regression were employed to investigate factors influencing caregiving burden in FDWs...
August 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Wai Jia Tam, Gerald Choon-Huat Koh, Helena Legido-Quigley, Ngoc Huong Lien Ha, Philip Lin Kiat Yap
BACKGROUND: Foreign domestic workers (FDWs) play an important role in long-term caregiving of seniors at home. However, how FDWs cope with the caregiving demands, the dynamic interaction between familial and FDW caregivers and its impact on care recipients remain largely un-explored. Existing caregiver interventions mainly target familial caregivers; little assistance is available for FDW caregivers. This study explores FDWs' challenges, coping strategies, and the support they need in caring for seniors...
November 20, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
Norman B Mendoza, Imelu G Mordeno, Carl A Latkin, Brian J Hall
Labor migrants are at an increased risk for poor mental health. Post-migration stressors contribute significantly to this risk. Social network supports are vitally important to protect health but little is known about the role of social network supports among labor migrants. The current study evaluated the role of migration stressors on poor mental health among Filipino female domestic workers (FDW) and whether family and friend social network support (SNS) modified this relationship. Data were collected from 261 FDWs in Macau, China from May to September 2013...
September 2017: Psychiatry Research
Mohan J Dutta, Sarah Comer, Daniel Teo, Pauline Luk, Mary Lee, Dazzelyn Zapata, Arudhra Krishnaswamy, Satveer Kaur
Economic migration is integral to processes of globalization, with large numbers of the global poor moving across borders in search of employment in the face of structural adjustment programs and large-scale displacement of the poor from traditional forms of livelihood. One such group are foreign domestic workers (FDWs). In this culture-centered study, we listen to the voices of FDWs in Singapore to understand the key meanings of health held by this group of migrant workers as they negotiate living and working in Singapore...
May 2018: Health Communication
Michael J Penkunas, Angelique W M Chan, Chek Hooi Wong, Dirk F de Korne, See Mieng Tan, Sweet Fun Wong
Purpose: The relationship between caregiving and negative health outcomes is well established in the literature. Previous studies have shown that community-based programs reduce caregiver stress. However, the mechanisms by which this happens have not been well investigated. This qualitative study examines caregivers' experiences as a part of the Aging-In-Place intervention, a home-health program in Singapore targeted at frequently hospitalized patients and their caregivers. Method: We interviewed 32 caregivers to study the underlying processes by which caregiver stress was ameliorated...
January 11, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Rahul Malhotra, Choy-Lye Chei, Edward Menon, Wai Leng Chow, Stella Quah, Angelique Chan, David Bruce Matchar
GOAL: We utilize group-based trajectory modeling (GBTM) to delineate depressive symptom trajectories among stroke survivor-caregiver dyads, to identify predictors of the delineated trajectories, and to assess the influence of time-varying covariates (stroke survivor depressive symptoms and functional disability, caregiver depressive symptoms, and foreign domestic worker [FDW] assistance) on the level of the depressive symptom trajectories. METHODS: Data on 172 stroke survivor-caregiver dyads in Singapore, for whom depressive symptoms were assessed thrice (baseline/3 months/6 months), were utilized...
January 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Norshalizah Mamikutty, Zar Chi Thent, Farihah Haji Suhaimi
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the complications of the metabolic syndrome. It encompasses a wide range of disease spectrum from simple steatosis to liver cirrhosis. Structural alteration of hepatic mitochondria might be involved in the pathogenesis of NAFLD. AIMS: In the present study, we used a newly established model of fructose-induced metabolic syndrome in male Wistar rats in order to investigate the ultrastructural changes in hepatic mitochondria that occur with fructose consumption and their association with NAFLD pathogenesis...
2015: BioMed Research International
Shahraki Mohammad Reza, Mirshekari Hamideh, Samadi Zahra
Aim & Objective. Artemisia dracunculus L. (Tarragon) species have been used as a traditional medicine. The present study was designed to evaluate the nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of A. dracunculus L. leaf aqueous extract on fructose drinking water (FDW) in male rats. Materials & Methods. Forty-eight Wistar-albino male rats weighing 200-250 g were divided into control (C), control extract (CE), FDW, and FDWE groups (n = 12). Group C did not receive any agents; Group CE did 100 mg/kg A. dracunculus L...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
C Brandt, S C Thakur, A D Light, J Negrete, G R Tynan
Spatiotemporal splitting events of drift wave (DW) eigenmodes due to nonlinear coupling are investigated in a cylindrical helicon plasma device. DW eigenmodes in the radial-azimuthal cross section have been experimentally observed to split at radial locations and recombine into the global eigenmode with a time shorter than the typical DW period (t≪fDW(-1)). The number of splits correlates with the increase of turbulence. The observed dynamics can be theoretically reproduced by a Kuramoto-type model of a network of radially coupled azimuthal eigenmodes...
December 31, 2014: Physical Review Letters
Norshalizah Mamikutty, Zar Chi Thent, Shaiful Ridzwan Sapri, Natasya Nadia Sahruddin, Mohd Rafizul Mohd Yusof, Farihah Haji Suhaimi
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome can be caused by modification of diet by means of consumption of high carbohydrate and high fat diet such as fructose. AIMS: To develop a metabolic syndrome rat model by induction of fructose drinking water (FDW) in male Wistar rats. METHODS: Eighteen male Wistar rats were fed with FDW 20% and FDW 25% for a duration of eight weeks. The physiological changes with regard to food and fluid intake, as well as calorie intake, were measured...
2014: BioMed Research International
Nada Zahreddine, Rima Talaat Hady, Rabih Chammai, François Kazour, Dory Hachem, Sami Richa
40 million female domestic workers worldwide experience the inhumane conditions associated with this unregulated occupation, a situation that induces psychiatric morbidities in many. The case in Lebanon is not any better where it is estimated that one foreign domestic worker (FDW) commits suicide weekly. 33 female FDW and 14 female Lebanese (control group, CG) were enrolled. Brief Psychotic Rating Scale (BPRS) and Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scales were administered on admission and discharge and socio-demographic, living conditions, mental health care data and phenomenological observations were collected...
July 2014: Community Mental Health Journal
Truls Østbye, Rahul Malhotra, Chetna Malhotra, Chandima Arambepola, Angelique Chan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the instrumental support from a foreign domestic worker (FDW) as a moderator of the association of 4 types of impairments (physical function, memory, behavior, and mood) among older persons (OPs) with caregiving-related outcomes among their informal caregivers (CGs). METHOD: Data from a national survey of 1,190 Singaporeans aged 75 and older receiving human assistance for functional limitations and their CGs were used. Severity scores for the four OP impairments were calculated...
July 2013: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
S Venkata Mohan, G Mohanakrishna, P Chiranjeevi, Dinakar Peri, P N Sarma
An ecologically engineered system (EES) was designed to mimic the natural cleansing functions of wetlands to bring about wastewater treatment. EES consisted of three tanks containing diverse biota viz., aquatic macrophytes, submerged plants, emergent plants and filter feeders connected in series. The designed system was evaluated for 216days by operating in continuous mode (20l/day) to treat both sewage (DS) and fermented-distillery wastewater (FDW, from hydrogen producing bioreactor). Floating macrophyte system (Tank 1) was more effective in removing COD and nitrates...
May 2010: Bioresource Technology
Aleksandar Kalauzi, Tijana Bojić, Ljubisav Rakić
BACKGROUND: Nonlinear methods provide a direct way of estimating complexity of one-dimensional sampled signals through calculation of Higuchi's fractal dimension (1<FD<2). In most cases the signal is treated as being characterized by one value of FD and consequently analyzed as one epoch or, if divided into more epochs, often only mean and standard deviation of epoch FD are calculated. If its complexity variation (or running fractal dimension), FD(t), is to be extracted, a moving window (epoch) approach is needed...
2009: Nonlinear Biomedical Physics
Hiroko Tanaka, Kenichi Watanabe, Meilei Ma, Masao Hirayama, Takashi Kobayashi, Hiroshi Oyama, Yoshiko Sakaguchi, Mitsuo Kanda, Makoto Kodama, Yoshifusa Aizawa
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in fermented drinking water prepared from sodium glutamate, vinegar, and dried bonito (FDWG) compared with placebo [vinegar and dried bonito without GABA (FDW)] and its safety in normotensive and mildly or moderately hypertensive volunteers. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study was conducted involving volunteers with normal (group-N) and mildly or moderately high (group-H) blood pressure (BP). After a pretreatment period of 2 weeks (weeks -2), the subjects received FDWG or FDW for 12 weeks followed by 4 weeks of no intake (weeks 16)...
July 2009: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Donald G Kenefick, James A Koepke, Fedora Sutton
BACKGROUND: Hard red winter wheat (HRWW; Triticum aestivm L.) plants from genotypes selected in the Northern Great Plains of the U.S. have less tissue water after exposure to cool autumn temperatures than plants from the Southern Great Plains. It is generally assumed that the reduced tissue water content of northern compared to southern cultivars is due to an impedance to water uptake by northern plants as a result of the low autumn temperatures. We hypothesize that if low temperature impedes water uptake then less soil water would be removed by northern than by southern-selected cultivars...
September 26, 2002: BMC Plant Biology
H Reiher, K Fuhrmann, S Noack, K P Woltanski, E Jutzi, H Hahn von Dorsche, H J Hahn
Fetal hyperinsulinemia is assumed to play a key role in the pathogenesis of diabetic fetopathy. To investigate the role of enhanced fetal B-cell mass as one cause of fetal hyperinsulinemia during diabetic pregnancy, we studied human fetal pancreatic slices from diabetic women (FDW) with poor metabolic control and nondiabetic women (FNDW) between 11 and 26 wk of pregnancy, morphometrically and by in vitro incubation experiments. Abortions had been performed due to different medical indications. We found a good correlation between the calculated B-cell mass and the gestational age in both FDW and FNDW, but the increase in FDW was much more pronounced...
September 1983: Diabetes Care
H Reiher, K Fuhrmann, S Noack, W Besch, H J Hahn
The in vitro insulin secretion of pancreatic slices between the 11th and 15th week of pregnancy of fetuses from non diabetic ( FNDW ) and diabetic women ( FDW ) after incubation in media supplemented with different secretagogues was investigated in order to study the development of diabetic fetopathy during human pregnancy in diabetic women. There was a stimulatory effect on the insulin secretion in FNDW even if glucose alone was used, which became more pronounced if IBMX was added to the incubation medium...
March 1984: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology
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