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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545816/issues-in-building-a-nursing-home-syndromic-surveillance-system-with-textmining-longitudinal-observational-study
#1
Tiba Delespierre, Loic Josseran
BACKGROUND: New nursing homes (NH) data warehouses fed from residents' medical records allow monitoring the health of elderly population on a daily basis. Elsewhere, syndromic surveillance has already shown that professional data can be used for public health (PH) surveillance but not during a long-term follow-up of the same cohort. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to build and assess a national ecological NH PH surveillance system (SS). METHODS: Using a national network of 126 NH, we built a residents' cohort, extracted medical and personal data from their electronic health records, and transmitted them through the internet to a national server almost in real time...
December 13, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545234/-comprehensive-approach-for-malnourished-patients-aiming-for-continuity-in-nutritional-support
#2
Francisco Botella Romero
days of hospitalization, a greater number of complementary tests, the need for artificial nutritional support and / or drugs to treat complications, which is a very important economic burden. Most patients who are malnourished, or at risk, can benefit from oral nutritional support, which includes dietary modifications (fortification, extra snacks, etc.), prescription of a personalized diet by a registered dietitian and the use of oral nutritional supplements (ONS). The use of ONS has shown benefits, in several meta-analysis, in weight recovery, reduction in the number of complications or hospital readmissions and functional improvement, without a reduction in the usual food intake...
April 3, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30542030/-the-relationship-between-death-from-renal-insufficiency-and-diuretic-therapy-among-older-adults-at-two-nursing-homes-catering-atomic-bomb-survivors
#3
Kosuke Okada, Yumiko Yamaguchi, Nanao Kamada, Kazuhiro Abe, Masakuni Wagou, Shigeko Katoh, Hidemi Sasaki, Masahiro Okada, Naoshi Saheki
AIM: In Geriatrics Gerontology International we previously reported the efficacy of reducing diuretics to prevent falls and fractures in older adults. We have since noticed another important problem, regarding the diuretic therapy for older adults with decreased muscle and water volumes. We performed a study on renal insufficiency and diuretic therapy in an attempt to confirm the need for case control study between standard diuretic therapy administered, according to guidelines and "NY-mode" diuretic therapy, which involves the administration of the mineral-corticoid receptor inhibitor spironolactone at 12...
2018: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30541632/nursing-home-leaders-and-nurses-experiences-of-resources-staffing-and-competence-levels-and-the-relation-to-hospital-readmissions-a-case-study
#4
Malin Knutsen Glette, Olav Røise, Tone Kringeland, Kate Churruca, Jeffrey Braithwaite, Siri Wiig
BACKGROUND: Thirty-day hospital readmissions represent an international challenge leading to increased prevalence of adverse events, reduced quality of care and pressure on healthcare service's resources and finances. There is a need for a broader understanding of hospital readmissions, how they manifest, and how resources in the primary healthcare service may affect hospital readmissions. The aim of the study was to examine how nurses and nursing home leaders experienced the resource situation, staffing and competence level in municipal healthcare services, and if and how they experienced these factors to influence hospital readmissions...
December 12, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30539542/comparison-of-four-sarcopenia-screening-tools-in-nursing-home-residents
#5
Ming Yang, Jing Lu, Jiaojiao Jiang, Yanli Zeng, Huairong Tang
BACKGROUND: Several screening tools have been developed for identifying sarcopenia in elderly nursing home residents. OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of four sarcopenia screening tools in nursing homes: Mini Sarcopenia Risk Assessment full version (MSRA-7) and short version (MSRA-5), SARC-F, and SARC-F combined with calf circumference (SARC-CalF). METHODS: Elderly nursing home residents (aged ≥ 65 years) were recruited. Four common diagnostic criteria (EWGSOP, AWGS, IWGS, and FNIH) were separately applied as the "gold standard"...
December 11, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538692/carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-infections-taiwan-aspects
#6
REVIEW
Shio-Shin Jean, Nan-Yao Lee, Hung-Jen Tang, Min-Chi Lu, Wen-Chien Ko, Po-Ren Hsueh
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), a major resistance concern emerging during the last decade because of significantly compromising the efficacy of carbapenem agents, has currently become an important focus of infection control. Many investigations have shown a high association of CRE infections with high case-fatality rates. In Taiwan, a few surveys observed that a significant proportion (29-47%) of the CR- Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates harbored a plasmidic allele encoding K. pneumoniae carbapenemases (KPC, especially KPC-2)...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30536917/organisation-of-health-services-for-preventing-and-treating-pressure-ulcers
#7
REVIEW
Pauline Joyce, Zena Eh Moore, Janice Christie
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers, which are a localised injury to the skin, or underlying tissue, or both, occur when people are unable to reposition themselves to relieve pressure on bony prominences. Pressure ulcers are often difficult to heal, painful, expensive to manage and have a negative impact on quality of life. While individual patient safety and quality care stem largely from direct healthcare practitioner-patient interactions, each practitioner-patient wound-care contact may be constrained or enhanced by healthcare organisation of services...
December 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30535145/is-the-quality-of-nursing-homes-countercyclical-evidence-from-2001-through-2015
#8
Sean Shenghsiu Huang, John R Bowblis
Background and Objectives: To examine whether nursing homes (NHs) provide better quality when unemployment rates rise (countercyclical) and explore mechanisms contributing to the relationship between quality and unemployment rates. Research Design and Methods: The study uses the data on privately owned, freestanding NHs in the continental United States that span a period from 2001 through 2015. The empirical analysis relies on panel fixed-effect regressions with the key independent variable being the county-level unemployment rate...
December 7, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534408/dry-skin-and-the-use-of-leave-on-products-in-nursing-care-a-prevalence-study-in-nursing-homes-and-hospitals
#9
Anna Lechner, Nils Lahmann, Andrea Lichterfeld-Kottner, Ursula Müller-Werdan, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Jan Kottner
Aims: To describe the prevalence of dry skin in nursing homes and hospitals and to describe relationships between topical skincare interventions and dry skin. Design: Two multicentre descriptive cross-sectional prevalence studies. Methods: The studies were performed in German nursing homes and hospitals in 2015 and 2016. Data were collected by trained nurses based on a standardized data collection form. The severity of dry skin was measured using the Overall Dry Skin Score...
January 2019: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534404/preceptorship-during-health-personnel-students-clinical-studies-in-nursing-homes-an-institutional-perspective-on-an-intervention
#10
Bjørg Aglen, Vera Louise Sørø, Arne Orvik, Gørill Haugan
Aim: The recruitment and retention of preceptors to mentor health professional students and apprentices in their clinical studies are not easy. The aim of this study was to investigate factors that hindered the implementation of an intervention intended to improve the working conditions for preceptors in nursing homes. The preceptorship was related to clinical studies for health professional students and apprentices. Design: A qualitative, explorative design was applied...
January 2019: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30532672/ratings-of-activities-of-daily-living-in-nursing-home-residents-comparison-of-self-and-proxy-ratings-with-actual-performance-and-the-impact-of-cognitive-status
#11
Kateřina Macháčová, Hana Vaňková, Iva Holmerová, Inna Čábelková, Ladislav Volicer
This study was conducted to examine differences between self- and proxy ratings of activities in daily living (ADL) in nursing home residents and to compare them with actual performance. An impact of cognitive status on these ratings was also determined. Data were obtained from 164 dyads of nursing home residents (self-ratings) and their professional care providers (proxy ratings). Statistical procedures included t tests, intraclass correlations, Pearson's correlations, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and ROC curves...
December 2018: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30523667/initiation-of-advance-care-planning-in-newly-admitted-nursing-home-residents-in-flanders-belgium-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Kristel Paque, Ivana Ivanova, Monique Elseviers, Robert Vander Stichele, Tinne Dilles, Koen Pardon, Luc Deliens, Thierry Christiaens
AIM: To describe (i) the timing of initiation of advance care planning (ACP) after nursing home admission; (ii) the association of dementia and physical health with ACP initiation; and (iii) if and how analgesic use and use of lipid modifying agents is related to ACP, in a cohort of newly admitted residents. METHODS: A prospective, observational cohort study of nursing home residents was carried out. Data were collected 3 months, 15 months (year 1) and 27 months (year 2) after admission, using a structured questionnaire and validated measuring tools...
December 6, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30516090/using-sedative-substances-until-death-a-mortality-follow-back-study-on-the-role-of-healthcare-settings
#13
Sarah Ziegler, Margareta Schmid, Matthias Bopp, Georg Bosshard, Milo Alan Puhan
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, the use of sedative substances to keep a patient in deep sedation until death increased fourfold in German-speaking Switzerland, where every third patient admitted to hospital, palliative care unit or hospice died continuously deeply sedated. AIM: To investigate sedation practices across healthcare settings and to identify their associations with conventional symptom control. DESIGN: National mortality follow-back study in Switzerland between 2013 and 2014...
December 5, 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30511256/sf-36-normative-values-according-to-level-of-functioning-in-older-women
#14
Geeske Peeters, Michael Waller, Annette J Dobson
PURPOSE: The 36-item Medical Outcome Study Short Form (SF-36) survey measures health-related quality of life. Age and disease-specific normative values have been published, but a focus on level of functioning may be more meaningful in case of multimorbidity. We estimated normative values for Australian women aged 79-90 years according to levels of functioning. METHODS: Data were from 6127 (aged 79-84 in 2005) and 3424 (aged 85-90 in 2011) participants in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health...
December 3, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30508107/antibiotic-resistance-of-enterobacteriaceae-causing-urinary-tract-infections-in-elderly-patients-living-in-the-community-and-in-the-nursing-home-a-retrospective-observational-study
#15
Céline Pulcini, Isabelle Clerc-Urmes, Cossi Angelo Attinsounon, Sébastien Fougnot, Nathalie Thilly
Objectives: Although nursing homes are thought to be significant reservoirs of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, very few large population-based studies comparing antibiotic resistance prevalence in nursing homes and in the community have adjusted for patient characteristics. Our objective was to compare the prevalence of antibiotic resistance of Enterobacteriaceae cultured from urine samples of nursing home residents with that of community-dwelling adults, all aged 65 years or older. Methods: This study analysed around 20 000 positive urine samples sent to a large laboratory in north-eastern France from 2014 to 2017, collected from individuals aged 65 years or older...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30503589/the-effects-of-exercise-on-falls-in-older-people-with-dementia-living-in-nursing-homes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Annika Toots, Robert Wiklund, Håkan Littbrand, Ellinor Nordin, Peter Nordström, Lillemor Lundin-Olsson, Yngve Gustafson, Erik Rosendahl
OBJECTIVES: To investigate exercise effects on falls in people with dementia living in nursing homes, and whether effects were dependent on sex, dementia type, or improvement in balance. A further aim was to describe the occurrence of fall-related injuries. DESIGN: A cluster-randomized controlled trial. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The Umeå Dementia and Exercise study was set in 16 nursing homes in Umeå, Sweden and included 141 women and 45 men, a mean age of 85 years, and with a mean Mini-Mental State Examination score of 15...
November 28, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30502874/dismal-outcomes-following-damage-control-laparotomy-in-injured-older-adults-a-cohort-study
#17
Andrew H Stephen, Meghal Shah, Jacob T Sim, Ayorinde Soipe, Stephanie N Lueckel, Tareq Kheirbek, Daithi S Heffernan, Sean F Monaghan, Charles A Adams
BACKGROUND: The population of older adults is rapidly growing and more older patients are presenting with abdominal trauma. Outcomes have not been well defined for patients that require a damage control approach(DCL). METHODS: This was a retrospective study at a level one trauma center of patients age 65 years and older with abdominal trauma that required DCL. Outcomes reviewed included mortality, length of stay, discharge disposition. Presenting vital signs and laboratories were reviewed to identify predictors of mortality...
November 14, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30486306/the-physical-environment-of-nursing-homes-for-people-with-dementia-traditional-nursing-homes-small-scale-living-facilities-and-green-care-farms
#18
Bram de Boer, Hanneke C Beerens, Melanie A Katterbach, Martina Viduka, Bernadette M Willemse, Hilde Verbeek
It is well recognized that the physical environment is important for the well-being of people with dementia. This influences developments within the nursing home care sector where there is an increasing interest in supporting person-centered care by using the physical environment. Innovations in nursing home design often focus on small-scale and homelike care environments. This study investigated: (1) the physical environment of different types of nursing homes, comparing traditional nursing homes with small-scale living facilities and green care farms; and (2) how the physical environment was being used in practice in terms of the location, engagement and social interaction of residents...
November 26, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30485384/unmet-home-care-needs-in-canada
#19
Heather Gilmour
BACKGROUND: Unmet home care needs have been linked to poor health, increased use of other health services, admission to nursing homes and reduced emotional well-being. DATA AND METHODS: Using data from the 2015/2016 Canadian Community Health Survey, this article describes home care use and unmet home care needs by type (i.e., home health care [HHC] and support services) in community-dwelling adults. Among the population with home care needs, the degree to which needs were met, partially met or unmet is presented, as well as information about the barriers to obtaining home care services and the places services were sought...
November 21, 2018: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30485312/a-view-to-a-kill-ambient-bacterial-load-of-frames-and-lenses-of-spectacles-and-evaluation-of-different-cleaning-methods
#20
Birgit Fritz, Anne Jenner, Siegfried Wahl, Christian Lappe, Achim Zehender, Christian Horn, Frithjof Blessing, Matthias Kohl, Focke Ziemssen, Markus Egert
Surfaces with regular contact with the human body are typically contaminated with microorganisms and might be considered as fomites. Despite spectacles being widespread across populations, little is known about their microbial contamination. Therefore, we swab-sampled 11 worn spectacles within a university setting as well as 10 worn spectacles in a nursing home setting. The microbial load was determined by aerobic cultivation. All spectacles were found to be contaminated with bacteria, with nose pads and ear clips having the highest density, i...
2018: PloS One
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