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Yusuf A Rajabally, Fu Liong Hiew
INTRODUCTION: The most efficient method of performing electrophysiology for Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed electrophysiological data of 97 consecutive GBS patients from Birmingham, U.K. (2001-12) studied ≤3 weeks post-onset. RESULTS: The sensitivity of electrophysiology for each GBS subtype was dependent on the tested upper and lower limb nerves. In acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP), abnormalities were predominant in the arms, whereas leg abnormalities predominated in axonal GBS...
October 17, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Yu Kobayashi, Jun Tohyama, Tomoyuki Akiyama, Shinichi Magara, Hideshi Kawashima, Noriyuki Akasaka, Mitsuko Nakashima, Hirotomo Saitsu, Naomichi Matsumoto
Cerebral folate deficiency due to folate receptor 1 gene (FOLR1) mutations is an autosomal recessive disorder resulting from a brain-specific folate transport defect. It is characterized by late infantile onset, severe psychomotor regression, epilepsy, and leukodystrophy. We describe a consanguineous girl exhibiting severe developmental regression, intractable epilepsy, polyneuropathy, and profound hypomyelination with cortical involvement. Magnetic resonance imaging showed cortical disturbances in addition to profound hypomyelination and cerebellar atrophy...
October 12, 2016: Brain & Development
S Pereira, C M Cruz, M Soares, J Gandara, S Ferreira, V Lopes, R Vizcaíno, J Daniel, H P Miranda
INTRODUCTION: In liver transplantation, late graft dysfunction can have several causes, particularly rejection, infection, vascular, biliary complications, and others, usually suspected by abnormal liver tests. However, normal liver tests do not confirm a normal graft and liver biopsy could identify unexpected features with repercussions in immunosuppressive therapy. The aim of this study was to determinate the histological abnormalities in patients 10 years after liver allograft transplantation with sustainably normal liver tests and evaluate the changes in immunosuppressive therapy triggered by histological data...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Ting-Ting Han, Shuang Zheng, Zeng-Ai Chen, Wei Liu, Yao-Min Hu
POEMS syndrome is a rare multi-systemic disease characterized by polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein and skin changes. Arterial thrombosis is a distinctively unusual feature in patients with POEMS syndrome. We report a 33-year-old man with intermittent amaurosis of left eye and skin changes as the onset manifestations, who was finally confirmed as having POEMS syndrome. Most notably, this was a young man without high risk factors of arterial thrombosis and no monoclonal protein was detected until the repeated measurement later...
October 11, 2016: Oncotarget
Biranchi Narayan Mohapatra, Sujit Kumar Lenka, Manoranjan Acharya, Chakradhar Majhi, Gouri Oram, Khetra Mohan Tudu
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical profile of hypokalemic flaccid paralysis (HKFP) and to evaluate its causes. METHODS: Fifty cases of hypokalemic flaccid paralysis (HKFP) admitted between November 2012 to October 2014 were taken up in the study. Serum potassium level < 3.5 mmol/ltr has been taken as hypokalemia. All cases were studied for spot and/or 24 hour urinary sodium / potassium, serum potassium / calcium / magnesium. Hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HPP) were diagnosed if there was spot/24 hour urine potassium excretion < 20mmol/ltr in presence of hypokalemia and flaccid weakness without other causes...
May 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Yi-Jen Wu, Philip Tseng, Han-Wei Huang, Jon-Fan Hu, Chi-Hung Juan, Kuei-Sen Hsu, Chou-Ching Lin
Diabetes mellitus can lead to diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) and cognitive deficits that manifest as peripheral and central neuropathy, respectively. In this study we investigated the relationship between visuospatial working memory (VSWM) capacity and DPN severity, and attempted to improve VSWM in DPN patients via the use of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). Sixteen DPN patients and 16 age- and education-matched healthy control subjects received Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) for baseline cognitive assessment...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Magdalena Lang, Roi Treister, Anne Louise Oaklander
Small-fiber polyneuropathy (SFPN) causes non-specific symptoms including chronic pain, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and sweating complaints. Diagnosis is made from history and exam in patients with known risk factors such as diabetes, but objective test confirmation is recommended for patients without known risks. If tests confirm SFPN, and it is "initially idiopathic" (iiSFPN), screening for occult causes is indicated. This study's aim was to evaluate the 21 widely available, recommended blood tests to identify the most cost-effective ones and to learn about occult causes of iiSFPN...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Neurology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Ramesh Reddy Allampati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Dheeraj Naik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Pinnamaneni Saichandar, Pradeep Tv
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Nilesh Machhindra Jagdale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Z Stoyneva, I Velcheva, N Antonova, E Titianova
The study aimed to investigate local thermally induced microvascular reactivity in patients with type 1 (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and polyneuropathy and to compare it with healthy controls. A hundred and fourteen subjects were investigated divided into 3 groups: 1st group -20 patients with T1DM; 2nd group -50 patients with T2DM; 3rd group -44 healthy controls. The skin perfusions of the first tiptoe were monitored by laser Doppler flowmetry during thermal test. The initial (PUi) and basal perfusions at 32°C (PUb) tended to be higher in the DM groups and the PUb of T1DM group was higher compared with the healthy subjects...
October 3, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Z Stoyneva, I Velcheva, N Antonova, E Titianova, I Koleva
The aim of this study was to investigate the venoarteriolar reflex (VAR) responses in type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 (T2DM) diabetes mellitus (DM) with polyneuropathy and to estimate their relationship with age, DM duration, initial cutaneous temperature and body mass index. Four groups of subjects were investigated: 1st group -20 patients with T1DM; 2nd group -50 patients with T2DM; 3rd group of 20 healthy subjects with similar age and body mass index (BMI) to the T1DM group; 4th group (Control2) of 24 healthy subjects adjusted by age and BMI to the T2DM group...
October 3, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Hirotaka Yokouchi, Takayuki Baba, Sonoko Misawa, Masayasu Kitahashi, Toshiyuki Oshitari, Satoshi Kuwabara, Shuichi Yamamoto
AIMS: To determine the changes in the subfoveal choroidal thickness (CT), the foveal thickness (FT) and the serum level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) after thalidomide treatment in patients with polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome. METHODS: We studied 13 left eyes of 13 treatment-naïve patients with POEMS syndrome. The subfoveal CT and FT were determined by enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography, and the serum level of VEGF was determined by ELISA at the baseline and at 6 months after thalidomide treatment...
October 4, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Nermin Tanik, Serhat Tanik, Sebahattin Albayrak, Kürsat Zengin, Levent Ertugrul Inan, Emel Kiyak Caglayan, Asuman Celikbilek, Kadir Kirboga, Mesut Gurdal
PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder that often leads to complications. We aimed to correlate two complications of DM, polyneuropathy and hyperactive bladder syndrome, using noninvasive measures, such as screening tests. METHODS: We included 80 female and 40 male type 2 diabetic patients in this prospective study. Diabetic polyneuropathy evaluations were conducted using the Douleur Neuropathique 4 Questions (DN4), and overactive bladder (OAB) evaluations were performed using the Overactive Bladder Questionnaire (OAB-V8)...
September 2016: International Neurourology Journal
Beatriz Parra, Jairo Lizarazo, Jorge A Jiménez-Arango, Andrés F Zea-Vera, Guillermo González-Manrique, José Vargas, Jorge A Angarita, Gonzalo Zuñiga, Reydmar Lopez-Gonzalez, Cindy L Beltran, Karen H Rizcala, Maria T Morales, Oscar Pacheco, Martha L Ospina, Anupama Kumar, David R Cornblath, Laura S Muñoz, Lyda Osorio, Paula Barreras, Carlos A Pardo
Background Zika virus (ZIKV) infection has been linked to the Guillain-Barré syndrome. From November 2015 through March 2016, clusters of cases of the Guillain-Barré syndrome were observed during the outbreak of ZIKV infection in Colombia. We characterized the clinical features of cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome in the context of this ZIKV infection outbreak and investigated their relationship with ZIKV infection. Methods A total of 68 patients with the Guillain-Barré syndrome at six Colombian hospitals were evaluated clinically, and virologic studies were completed for 42 of the patients...
October 5, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Thomas Greuter, Martin Browne, Corina Dommann-Scherrer, Daniel Binder, Christoph Renner, Ursula Kapp
In the present study, the case of a 41-year-old man with immunoglobulin (Ig)M multiple myeloma (MM) that presented with an unusually non-aggressive clinical course who has survived for >9 years to date, is presented. Initial diagnosis of symptomatic MM was established according to the International Myeloma Working Group consensus statement and guidelines. Due to the mild symptoms, no therapy was administered and the patient was closely followed up. Eight years after initial diagnosis, clinical, morphological and genetic progression occurred with the development of hypercalcemia, progressively deteriorating polyneuropathy, clonal expansion of plasma cells up to 50% of hematopoietic cells and demonstration of the typical t(11;14) translocation (Ig heavy chain locus rearrangement)...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Michael A Mancano
The purpose of this feature is to heighten awareness of specific adverse drug reactions (ADRs), discuss methods of prevention, and promote reporting of ADRs to the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) MedWatch program (800-FDA-1088). If you have reported an interesting, preventable ADR to MedWatch, please consider sharing the account with our readers. Write to Dr. Mancano at ISMP, 200 Lakeside Drive, Suite 200, Horsham, PA 19044 (phone: 215-707-4936; e-mail: Your report will be published anonymously unless otherwise requested...
September 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
Chen Wang, Xu-Fei Huang, Qian-Qian Cai, Xin-Xin Cao, Hao Cai, Daobin Zhou, Jian Li
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is pathognomonically elevated in patients with POEMS (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy and skin changes) syndrome. However, its source of overproduction is unclear. As clinical improvement is almost always associated with VEGF reduction after anti-plasma cell therapy, its increase at diagnosis has been attributed to the underlying monoclonal gammopathy, although direct evidence is still lacking. In the current study, we systemically measured VEGF levels in POEMS patients, before and after treatment...
September 26, 2016: Leukemia Research
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